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PLEASE handle this journal CAREFULLY. 
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1}0^L 



ROD AND GVN 



/// 

AM) 



Motor Sports in Canada 



Volume VII 



June 1905 to May, 1906 



INDEX ^ 



KV,^ 



c\<((\ 



\'^ 



1906 

WOODSTOCK, ONTARIO 

\V. J. TAVI^OR. PuhlisI.er 



6^^ 
I 

Re 

Ciy4P -2. 



Advertisers, Oul 132 

Algoma, Game Protection in 320 

An Afternoon on Kice Lake. Ontario 1337 

Algonquin Park, Fishing in 1311 

Alpine Cfiib, A Canadian 963, Idfi? 

Alpine Club of Canada, The ? 1375 

Amateur in Sport, A Plea for 168 

Amateur's Vacation, An. Dr. A. \V. AllinKham 2(10 

American Cousiius Can Teach I's, What 520 

American Sportsmen in Canada 1217 

Angler's Motto, The 13ft0 

Athletics at Westmount. H. Billingsley Polivka 83 

Automobiles and Automobiling 870, 983, IMS, 12!?!, 1382 

.\utunm Comes, Why. S. A. White Kismet 637 

Bear, Captain Biard'^i. Kdmund F. L. Jenner 508 

Bear in the Canadian Rockies •. 539 

Beaver's Tail is Flat, Why the. John C. Wright 76il 

Biggest One, The 2(11 

Birthday, Our 131 

Books of Interest to Sportsmen 872, 980, 12lit, i:«7 

Breeding of P'ish, The Artificial, lid. Counor 313 

British Columbia, Sport in .Soulhi.-'ii 3U5 

British Columbia, Game ICnforcement in 9(76 

British Columbia Journal, Leaves from my. Harry V. Radford 815 

Brook Trout take the Fly. Where the. E. T. I). Cha.iibers 13 

Buffalo, Domesticating the 120.1 

Camera, Witli the. An Amateur's Enlarging Apparatus. A. E. Kaiser 211 

Camera, With the. Edited by Ernest Houn.som 68, 334, 132, 548, 6517, 705 

Camp Fires and Their Environments. L. F. Brown 1214 

Camping in the Canadian Rockies 28 

Camping in Canada. Chas. J. Campbell.... 181 

Camping. The Pleasures and Benefits of. II. G. Wilson 721 

Canada's .Sporting Attractions. Ernest Russell 522 

Canadian Camp Dinner 635, 1212 

Canadian Rockies, Sport, in the 638 

Canadian Winter Scenes 745 

Canadian Rockies, The Infinite Variety of the. Mrs. Charles Schaffcr 747 

Canadian Forestry Convention, The 757, 974 

Canadian Winter Sports. F. W. Lee 941 

Canoe in Winter, The Care of a Birch Bark 972 

Canoe Trip Through Algonquin Park, A. H. R. Hyndman 1053 

Canvas Covered Canoe and its Repairs 1372 

Carp, The Dcuninaling 758 

Caribou Shooting in British Columbia. C. G. Cowan 1204 

Cat Problem, The. Ernest Russell 1086 

Champion Lightweight, A. Percy Frederick Armstrong 1313 

Cliats Rapids on the Ottawa, Ont. A Fishing Trip to, E. C. Woolsey 1353 

Cheops, The Caves of. Arthur O. Wheeler ." 112 

Cobalt, A Visit to 419 

Cruise, A Day's. E. C. Woolsey 546 

Dawning, At the (Poem) Arthur L. Phelps 315 

Desbarats, Eastward, Ho, From .^ ."^11, 831 

Desbarats, Westward, Ho, From fine 

Desbarats, Out of Civilization at— Our Guides. On a Canoe Trip from Desbarats... 528 
Dog Sliow Judge, The "Fancy" 55 



l)(i,H, Till' Spoilsman's, Kd. F. Habeilciii, Author of (lie "Amatciir Traiiiei" 206 

Dog Show, Monlieal. D. Taylor 2(l« 

Dog, The Water. Ed. F. Haberlein : 408 

Uog in the Land, The Best Old. Rev. C. F. Yates 1192 

Dreamland, In. Grace Margaret Wilson 705 

Duck Protection in Ontario, Partridge and 728 

Duck Shoot ine; on the SI. Jolui River, N. B. T. Q. Bowling 1195 

I-;vening of Our Days, The. L. O. Armstrong 2B 

lOxploring West of the Nipigon, A New Canoe Route 178 

Exploring to Hudson's Bay 409 

Fauna and Hora of tlie .Sclkirks. Notes on the. Arthur O. Wheeler 193 

Fish Story, An t_!nusual 409 

Fish and Game Protection in Ontario— Suggestions and Criticisms 525 

Fishes of }.he Northland 1075 

P^ish Culture in Canada 1331 

Fishery Inspection a Farce'.' Is 410 

Fisheries, Preserve the •. I-'J8 

Fishing Near Rat Portage : 171 

Fishing and Shooting 315 

Fishing on the Tay. F. W'. Lee 323 

Fishing Near the Border Line. Lieut Co!. .Andrew Haggard, I). S. 50G 

Fishing Rod Material, .\ New. Walter Greaves 869 

Fishing Territories, Canadian I'^S 

Fly Reels. Walter Greaves 28 

Fly Fishing for Black Bass. Wai'cr Greaves 1S5 

Fly Protective, A Good 301 and 52(1 

Game Protection in Algoma. A Suong Indictment ..MS 

Game, The Haunts of Big.„ •'■.(U 

Game, The Close Season for— Caiia.U and the Inited States ■)57 

Game in Quebec and Maritime Provinces, Big 561 

f!amc Districts, Carrying Firearms in 858 

Gatineau, ,Sport up the (Maniwaki branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway, Otta- 
wa to Maniwaki) 299 

Gatineau, A Still Hunt on the. Katherine Hughes 731 

Georgian Bay, The Beautiful North Channel of the 851 

(ieorgian Bay Fisheries, The Future of the 1381. 

Grenfell, Dr. Wilfred 86(1 

Guide, A Future Rocky ^Mountain 710 

"Hiawatha", the Ojibway Indian Play 532 

Hoo-doo-ing of Pet<T Ogden, The. Edmund F. L. .Jennej- 50 

Hunting and Fishing Reserve, A New 21 

Hunger Gnaws, When. A. L. Phelps 423 

Humor and Sport 43fi 

Ideals. C. H. Che.sley 1320 

.loc's Panther Story. Rev. Dr. Murdoch 1370 

Kippcwa country. Que.. The 4H 

Labrador, The Wilds of. Interesting Letter from Dr. Grenfell 751 

Labrador Wild, The Lure of the 9&2 

Lake, The I'nnamed. Frederick George Scott.....' 636 

Laurentian Lake, A. John McFarland 844 

Leases, Fish and Game, In (Juebec Province 1345 

Legislation for Deer, Proposed Special 171 

Lewis and Clark Exhibition, The Sportsman at the, Harry V. Radford 420 

Lone Deer Hunt, .\. L. D. Robertson 1339 

Man in Me, The Other. W. A. Frisbie 855 



Mi'dicinc BaR, Our 

«5, 225, 337, 410, 550, 640, 759, 875, 991, 1098, 1238, 1399 

Men, Spoiling. .\ni;lo-.Saxon nospneiation 305 

Men Who Do Much lor Sportsmen '?53 

Millionaire's Holiday— How Mr. James J. Hill Spends His Vacation in Canada. 

Willard S. Richardson 511 

Moose Huntiiiii by a (irceiihorn North of Massey, Joe Greshani 23 

Moose Huntiii}; in New Brunswick, Novemlier. G. E. Armstrong 295 

.Moose, That Bis:, .\very Morehouse 310 

Moose Hunting in New Ontario. J. Mi"er 399 

Moo.sc. My First. p:dward D. Steele 540 

Moose of Ka-gish-kap-ka-go-niagh Sai-ki-gan. Wabiskigen 951 

Moose, How I Shot My. .Vvery Morehouse 1206 

Morris' Trip, Dr 622 

Mosquito. The Origin of the— Dr. Max. O. Klotz. 544 

Mud Cats, on the Scugog, bobbing for 326 

Name'' What's in a 304 

New Biunswick Game Laws, Changes in the 22 

New Brunswick, Moose Hunting in— Hunter's Thrilling Experience. By Geo. K. 

.\rmstrong .^ 516 

New Brunswick Sportswoman. A.— Her First Caribou 524 

New Brunswick, The Big Game Season in 644 

New Brunswick Sportsman. Our 86B 

New Brunswick Champion Deer, A 1199 

Nipigon, More .\bout 30 

Nipigon, .\ Legend of the. Wm. McKirdy 170 

Nipigon Lake and River, Fishing and Hunting Grounds of 174 

Northland Trip. A Fine 40 

North Land, The Great '. «27 

Nova Scotia Lakes, Fishing in. A Successful Expedition. By G. J. M 617 

North .\merican Fish and Game .Association, The 1076 

Ontario, Exploring Northern .James Dickson, O.L.S 1183 

(kitajio, Fish and Game Protection in 307, 525, lOfift 

Ontario Forest Reserves 411 

Ontario Fish and Game Protection Association, The '26 

Ontario Game Laws and Duck Shooting 1190 

Ontario, Game Protection in 322, 97«, 1363 

Ontario Government and the Lake Temagami Islands , 406 

Ontario, The Open Season in 319 

Ontario, Tourists in 414 

Ontario, The Forest Wealth of. W. F. Shaw, M. D 856 

Ontario's Forest Reservations, A Glimpse at. James Dickson, O.L.S 33 

Ontario's Great Wild— Its Fish and Game 12 

Ontario's Wild Lands and Islands 11 

Parisian .\ngling : 1332 

Partridge and Duck Protection in Ontario 728 

Pioneering , 862 

Pointers, Among the. "Fancy" 212 

Prairie Chicken. Future of the 9~i^ 

Premium Department 146 

Prince Edward Island, Fish and Game Protection in 973 

Protection in Ontario. Fish and Game 307 

Publisher's Deparlne t : 99, 250, 345 

Quebec, Fish and Game Protection in 863, 958 

Railroad and the Forest. The. L. O. Armstrong 1047 

Rice Harvest of the Mississaugas, Wild. Bonnycastle Dale 1200 



Ukc Lake, Ont., An Afternoon oh ; VA^l 

Kockies, An Incident in thp. W. R. Gilbert 31 

Hoof of Ontario, The Ui8o 

Salnio Fontinalis Maxinium. A Veracious accounl of Trout Catc-liing. Sid 

Howard 18K 

Salmon Fishing in Canada. E. T. D. Chambers. 50 

Salmon Fishing. A Few Notes on. Walter Greaves 43 

Selkirks, Idylls of the. October. Rev. C. F. Yates 720 

Selkirks, Surveying the ; 1059 

Sharbot Lakes Ontario, Canada. C. H. Hooper 624 

Shooting, Fishing and ■. 315 

Sluiot. My First Spring— An Kvening in the Flight (if tlie Canadas at \"ir(!en. 

Miss M. L. Kennedy 536 

■'Simple Life" on the Rideau, The. W. K. Playfair 403 

Snow, The First. M. O. K 758 

Sparrow and Crow Nuisance, The. Spring Shooting. J. T. Miner 312 

Spirit of the Mountains. The. G. Hughes 764 

Sports Afloat. Louis Marsh , 

45, 221, 328, 43fi, 5f!0, 660, 882. 980, 1092, 1230, 1388 

Sport, .\n Evening's — Near Calgary. Alta. (i. H. II 407 

"Sport", The Butcher. G. II. H 519 

Sportsman, A Dissentient 8€8 

Sportsmen, How to Attract 311 

Spring's Unrest. K. K. K 1380 

St. Lawrence International Fishery, The 409 

Teal, A Camera Study of the Blue Winged Bonnycastlc Dale 1043 

Teniagami, After Fish in. Geo. P. Beswick 316 

Temaganii Islands, The Ontario Government and the Lake 406 

Temagami Region, Visiting the. L. O. .-Vrmstrong .11-) 

Temaganii, The "Bobs" in ^ 424 

Temagami, One Hundred and Fifty Miles by Canoe Through. H. R. Hyndman...734 

Temagami, Delights of 1323 

Temagami, a Region Organized by Nature for Real Sport. James W. Bairy 165 

Thoreau, An I'npublished Fragment— A Diversion 302 

Trap, Tlie 

Ill, 234, 359, 448, 579, 668, 7f6, 886, 1111, 1252, 1412 

Trip, A Delightful. Walter Greaves 521 

Trotter in Canada. Tlie. Fred Abraham 425 

Trout Fishing in a (Quebec Lake. Walter (heaves 202 

Trout Fishing at Stony Portage. Hank 203 

Trout of the Lakes, The Gray 849 

Turgeon, Hon. .\delard 1191 

Ussher. Mr. C. K. E., General Passenger Agent, C. P. R., Montreal 1077 

Vacation, A (^uiet. The Hoiiiance of French Quebec. F. W. Lee 630, 715 

Viscount .lohn. Dr. J. M. Harper 837. 966. 10K9, 120«, 136S 

Watching a Deer Lick. A. D. Conger 1321 

Wawish-Keshi Hunting and Fishing Club 741 

Winter in the Canadian Woods 956 

Winter Camping in Canada 937 

Woman Hunter of the Plains, The First White. Mary Markwell 172 

Wraith, The Opinacon. W. E. Playfair 728 

Woodland King, A. G. R. M. Wells 722 

Yachting on Lake Huron 44 

Yoho Valley and IIow to See It. The. Robert E. Campbell, (Juide 201 

Yukon River in a Small Bi>at, Two Thousand Miles Down the. C.G. Cowan 945, 107:i 



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JUNE, 1905 "- t&i.OO a year 




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8 ROD AND GL'N IN CANADA 

The TechDique of S|)ort 

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PHOTOGRAPHY FOR THE SPORTSMAN NATURALIST. ByW. E. Carlin. 

THE DEER FAMILY. Bv Hon. T. Roosevelt and others. 

SALMON AND TROl'T. Bv Dean Sage, W. C Harris, C. H. Townsend. 

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THE WATER-FOWL FAMILY. By L. C. Sanford, L. B. Bishop and T. S. Van 

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AMERICAN YATCHING. By W. P. Stephens. 



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PARTNERS OF THE TIDE. By Joseph C. Lincohi. 
THE LODESTAR. By Sidney R. Kennedv. 
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THE SEA-WOLF. Bv Jack London. 
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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 
Vol. VII No. 1 

KOT> G-GVN in CANAT>A 

and Other Diversion. 

The contents of this magazine are copyrighted and must not be reprinted nfithout permission. 



Contents for June, 1905. 

Split Rock Rapids — Ncpigou River. Fruiiticepiece lo 

What Shonkl l)e Done Willi the Islands and Other Uiicnltivable 

Land of Ontario ? 1 1 

Ontario's Great Wild — Its Fish and Game 12 

Where the Hrook Trout Take the Fly. By Iv T. I). Chambers 13 

A New Hniitiiig and Fishing Reserve 21 

Changes m the New Brunswick Game Laws 22 

Moose Hunting by a Greenhorn North of Massey. By JoeGreishan 23 

The E; veiling of Our Days. By L. O. Armstrong 26 

Fly Reels. By Walter Greaves 28 

Camping in the Canadian Rockies 28 

More Al)Out Nipigon 30 

An Incident in the Rockies. By W. R. Gilbert 31 

A Glimpse at Ontario's F'orest Reservations 

By James Dickson, O. L. S 33 

A Fine Northland Trip 40 

A F'ew Notes on Salmon Fishing. By Walter Greaves 43 

Yachting on Lake Huron 44 

SPORTS AFLOAT. Louis Marais 45 

Salmon Fishing in Canada. By K. T. D. Chambers 50 

The Dog Show Judge. By "Fancy" 55 

The Ho;)doo-ingof Peter Ogden. By Edmund F. L- Jenner. ... 56 

WITH THF: camera. Edited by J. Ernest Hounson 68 

Athletics at Westmouiit. By H. Billingsley Poliwka 83 

Our Medicine Bag 85 

Publisher's Department 99 

The Trap 1 11 

Our Birthday 131 

Our Advertisers 132 

Premium Department 14(1 

ERRATA 

The Notice in Medicine Bag items that the Steamers Manitou ard Caribou would run direct on 
the westward trip Owen Sound to t'reuch River, is a mistake These steamers go to Killarney, and 
connect there with the steamer for French River. It is still a good way to get to French River, but not 
quita so quiclt as the direct route would have been French River is the best bass and masklnonge 
waters we koow The maskinonge Ashing in the Georgiein Bay near the mouth of the French is better 
than in the river we think. ' 



Issued Monthly. Yearly Subscriptions, $1.00 in advance Single Copies, 10c. 

Cominunicaiions on all topics pertaining to fishing, shooting, canoeing, yachting, .lutoniobiling, the 
kennel, amateur photography and trapshooting will be welcomed and published, if suitable All com- 
munications must be accompanied bi the nameof the writer, not necevsarily for publiration, however. 

Rod .a>jd liuN [n C.\nad.\ does noi assume any responsibility for, or necessnnly endorse, any views 
e.xpressed by coniriliut" ^rs to it^ columns. 

IV. J. Taylor, Publisher, Woodstock, Ont. 

BKANCH OKI- ICE BK.'iNCH OFFICK BRANCH OFFICE 

117 M;iil I;iiildiii^. T.in.nto, Out s I-...iivi.T.- .St. r..iniiuii. Kii^l.iii.l. ''.t>:l (.'niiii St., Montreal, raiiada. 



lO 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




foiirtcsy u1 Win. M. Kinly. .\.'itii.i«ii. nm. 



SPLIT ROCK KAI'inS— NEPIGON RIVER. 
A Nepigon Troui al the oihtr end 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 











ROD AND GUN 

IN CANADA >^ ^ 








^^^ 



VOL. VII. 



JITXK, 190o. 



No. 1 



What Should be Done with the Islands and Other 
Uncultivable Land of Ontario. 



The Ontario Government owns a vast 
number of islands that would be suitable 
for summer resorts, and which are abso- 
lutely useless as agricultural land. There 
is a large amount of main land of the same 
kind. These lands are in demand. They 
have been sold at an average price of $5 
per acre for the islands and $1 for the 
mainland ; but from want of a fixed poli- 
cy the sale has been slow. Can a policy 
be framed that would bring them into the 
market, and that would at once benefit 
the Province at large, and the local popu- 
lation as well ? The writer has had a 
good deal of experience in the sale and 
colonization of these islands and other wild 
lands, and would hereby give his opinion 
for what it is worth. 

The revenue from the sale of say 100,000 
islands averaging two and a half acres per 
island, equal to 250,000 acres at $5.00 
each would be $1,250,000 and of 1,250,000 
acres of uncultivable land at $1 per acre 
$1,250,000— $2,500,000. The cost of survey- 
ing might be added to this price. Th>> value 
of the timber, less the price paid, might 
also be added. This would be a 
handsome addition to the revenue of 
a province which will need reven- 
ue, because its best timber areas, which 
until to-day have been its chief source of 
revenue have been squandered. These is- 
lands and mainland tracts are rocky and 
situated at such a high elevation that they 
are not fit for agricultural purposes. 



Is this the only benefit that the country 
would derive from this kind of coloniza- 
tion ' Not by any means. One has but to 
examine the condition of things in the State 
of Maine to realise what an invalua'ble 
source of revenue to the country at large 
would be the peopling with a summer pop- 
ulation of these great areas of non-agricul- 
tural lands in Ontario. The State of 
Maine has been the recipient of the rich 
benefits arising from the steadily increas- 
ing expenditure of its summer residents. 
Last year between four and five millions 
of dollars were expended in that State by 
its summer visitors. During 1905 the har- 
vest is expected to 'be over five millions of 
dollars— 200,000 visitors will spend an av- 
erage of twenty five dollars each. In On- 
tario we have greater attractions in every 
way than in Maine. We have a much larg- 
er area of virgin woods and waters, an 
infinitely larger volume and greater length 
of inland water ways. In fact we have a 
much more attractive country to the vast 
and rapidly increasing army of lovers of 
the wild. 

If these facts are admitted, and I do 
not see how they can be controverted, I 
would suggest the following as a practica- 
ble Government policy: — The islands and 
mainlands in the Lake of the Woods, Lake 
Xepigon, Lake Superior, Lake Huron, the 
French River, the Mississagua River, Lake 
Kipissing. Lake Timagami, and the count- 
less smaller lakes and rivers of New On- 



12 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



tario should be offered for sale at $5 per 
acre for islands, and $1 per acre tor main- 
land ; that the cost of every survey should 
be added to these prices ; that the timber 
should be sold to the purchasers at regular 
market rates ; that building conditions 
should be attached ; that no timber should 
be cut except on the permit of the Govern- 
liient ; that each man should get one is- 
^3,nd and no more, or one fixed portion of 
mainland ; that a suitable amount of land 
at regular intervals should be kept by the 
Government for the free use of campers 
and people making canoe trips ; that the 
purchasers of islands or mainland should be 
able to protect their land from trespassers 
of all kinds ; that the Government should 
rigidly prevent the use of all kinds of nets 
that might by any possibility take or de- 
stroy game fish within five miles of any 
land thus offered for sale, and absolutely 
stop all netting in inland lakes ; that fish 
and game should be really protected as 
they are being protected in some of the 
older States. 

The writer is opposed to preserves as 
now leased in the Province of Quebec. 
They keep away people who would spend 
money, they give very little revenue to the 
province, and are a source of annoyance 
and bad feeling amongst the people. 

The benefit of the system proposed a- 
bove would be to add an army of people 
deeply interested in preserving forests from 



lire, and in protecling fish and game. This 
system would furnish a local market for 
produce and labor, of great value. It would' 
not only put money in the pocket of the 
local settler, but it would also give him 
an animal holiday in the woods, as 
a guide if he wished and would 
!)e a source of profit to him instead of an 
expense. The reserves made by the Gov- 
ernment would leave abundant territory 
absolutely free to all, so Hiat those who 
could not afford to buy islands and build 
upon them would still have camping places 
wherever wanted in all parts of the coun- 
try, safe guarding the settlers' interests. 

An inestimable benefit to my mind to 
l)e derived from thus opening up the On- 
tario wilds would be the increased love of 
Nature that would be developed, and the 
greater facilities furnished for out door life. 
We are, I am afraid, as a people degenera- 
ting physicall.v. Those whose attention has 
been drawn to this sad fact know that out- 
door life, and the compulsory ph.vsical cul- 
ture that is inseparably connected with it. 
are among the strongest remedial influen- 
ces in combating the vices of the present 
day. 

"Rod and Gun" opens its columns to 
those who would like to express an op- 
inion upon this subject, which deserves, 
and indeed demands the immediate atten- 
tion of our best men. 



»!♦♦♦ 



Ontario's Great Wild — Its Fish and Game. 



It was a pleasure indeed to hear the op- 
inions of the members of the Ontario •Gov- 
ernment ou the need of fish and game pro- 
tection. Rarely before did the representa- 
tive of "Rod and Gun" feel more pleased 
over an expression of opinion than while 
interviewing the Hon. J. J. Foy, Com- 
missioner of Crown Lands, Col. Hendrie, 
M. P. P., Hon. Adam Beck, M.P.P., Mr. 
Aubin, M. P. P., Mr. Lamarche, M. P. P., 
and Mr. W. R. Smyth, MP. P. There was 
among all these gcntlemeii unanimity of 
opinion as to the necessity of the strict 
observance of the game laws, and of the 
removal of all game wardens who may be 



lax in the performance of their duties. 
Shooting game out of season and all illeg- . 
al fishing will be met with punishment, 
let the politics of the offender be what 
they may. .^11 commercial lishing in in- 
land lakes will be stopped at any cost. 

Among the visitors who come to us 
from the Inited States are many, very 
many we are pleased to say, of the finest 
sportsmen in the world — men who would 
not break fish and game laws on any ac- 
count. We regret to say however that our 
experience shows that there are others, 
and many others, who grade very much 
lower in the sportsman's scale — men who 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



13 



will Uill moose <uul ileiT oiU uf season, 
kill iheni in mid-suninier, anti leave them 
in the woods to lol; men who will kill ten 
or twenty tinu-s more fish (fishing is free 
to all) than they can eat, and aggravate 
their ofTence by leaving the surplus on the 
portages, where their stench spoils the 
pleasure of those who follow after; men 
who leave their camps filthy with fish 
liones, tin cans, and papers, so that othprs 
who would like to camp there are driven 
away— all these men are not gcnllemen, 
and consequently not sportsmen. Learn 
to burn up refuse. Save your reputations 
by fire, but don't burn up the forest. The 
offenders are not all Americans either; 
we have quite as large a proportion of 
Canadians who offend in the same way. 

We are not pessimistic about the mat- 
ter however; we realize that the cloud of 
ignorance about these things in which 
many of our people once lived and had 
their being' is being dissipated. We have 
been more than pleased to notice of late 
so many sensible expressions from back- 
woods settlers, guides, and Indians, of the 
necessity of protecting fisli and game by 
strict laws The sporting magazines and 



newspapers arc also getting in their good 
work. 

The Ontario Government is now consid- 
ering its policy as to the disposal of its 
100,000 islands, and millions of acres of 
other wild lands which are not cultivable. 
EReitive protection of fish and game will 
render these very valuable in the near fu- 
ture. Should they be sold or leased they 
will furnish revenue to the Province and 
money to pay for fire wardens and game 
wardens. They should give at least the 
same revenue to the people of Ontario that 
a less attractive country gives else- 
where. " Rod and Gun " favors sale 
lather than lease, but it will loyally 
help to carry out whatever plan the Gov- 
ernment may adopt— and that they may 
make their decision soon we fervently 
pray. We have given our reasons above 
for sale versus lease, but we think that 
leasing can nevertheless be managed suc- 
cessfully, if the Government can he kept 
from growing "bad" with age. Is it nec- 
essary that age, which should be and so 
often is, the glory <if the individual, must 
be the period of shame of a Government' 
We think not, in this case at least. 



•>♦♦ 



Where the Brook Trout Take the Fly. 



Bv K. T. D. CHAMBERS. 



I It was the late Mr. .\. N. Cheney, for 
many years chief fish culturist of the State 
of New York, who reported that a gentle- 
man whose interests were largely in the 
.\diroiiriacks, had told hjm that the fishing 
in the North Woods was good enough for 
those who liked that kind of fishing, but 
that for himself, when he wanted the very 
best kind of fishing, he went to Canada. 

Where the best' trout fishing in Canada 
is to be had it would be rash to attempt 
to decide, in face of the truly magnificent 
spcrt that is offered in so many different 
parts of the country, and the fact that 
new, and in some instances more northerly 
trout waters are constantly being opened 
up, explored and made available by rail 
or canoe routes to visiting anglers. 



"Rod and Gun" has given us from time to 
time much valuable information concerning 
the far-famed Nepigon and the other splen- 
did trout streams flowing from the north 
into Lake Superior, and the present arti- 
cle may be, perhaps, made more useful to 
fishermen, by touching mainly upon other 
waters than these, leaving aside also, for 
the present at lea^t, the angling attract- 
ions of the beautiful Timiskaming and Tini- 
agami districts. 

In the more easterly parts of the Dom- 
inion there is much variety in the charact- 
er of the fishing for trout. Streams that 
may be waded, in parts, at least, for the 
genuine sprightly little "brook trout," are 
often within a short distance of tusy cen- 
tres cf population. Big trout, such as 



14 



ROD AND GUN FN CANADA 



liave been claimed for record breakers in 
this country have been taken out of waters 
which are less than a day's journey from 
Quebec. There are lakes where the fish 
rise freely to the fly whenever the condi- 
tions are favorable, and sometimes, if the 
humor takes them, even when wind and 
weather and everything else seem to be a- 
gainst the angler's chances of success; and 
there are others where it is rare to have a 
rise at an artificial surface lure, but where 
the skillful troUer can almost always de- 
pend upon a well-filled creel. 



of their arrival, and secure half a dozen of 
good fish in the course of an hour or so. 

Among the cold northern lakes of this 
Ijake .St. John country, however, it is 
rare to find trout water, in which the 
skilful angler cannot raise the fish to 
some of his flies, and in many instances no 
skill at all is required in order to do so. 
I recall a somewhat remarkable illustration 
of this fact. It was during the course of a 
ten days' expedition after ouananiche and 
trout in northern Quebec, that Colonel An- 
drew Haggard, my camping companion, and 




ON THE I'KKIUONCA KIVKK. 



I have in mind such a lake as those last 
mentioned, on the limits of the Triton 
Fish and Game club, rather more than a 
hundred miles from Quebec, upon the line 
of the Quebec and Lake St. John Railway. 
It can be reached in about a mile from the 
main club house, and the trout which it 
contains, and which are of a remarkably 
uniform size, running from about twelve to 
sixteen inches in length, rarely or never 
take the fly, but afford such excellent 
sport to the troUer, that it is no uncom- 
mon thing for members or guests of the 
club to run over to the lake on the afternoon 



myself were fishing for supper in the 
mouth of a small stream falling into the 
Little Peribonca, some miles from its 
source. The fish we wanted were small 
ones for the frying pan, and we were tak- 
ing them so fast that we dangled our flies 
just above the surface of the water, to 
watch the little fellows springing out of it 
to catch them. Having all that we re- 
quired for food, we were releasing the lit- 
tle trout from the hook as soon as possi- 
ble and replacing them in the water. As 
the Colonel stooped down on the sandy 
lieach to lay a small fish which he had just 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



15 



unhooked, in the water at his feet, he had 
allowed his cast of flies to again drop up- 
on the surface of the stream close by. 
What was not our surprise, as we followed 
with our eyes the movements of the little 
trout, to see it immediately dash at the 
very fly upon which it had been so recently 
impaled. Experience had been quite thrown 
away upon that particular fish, and the 
reader will probably agree that it deserved 
the fate which wa.s in store for it, for its 
jaw was so badly lacerated by the hook 
that it was consigned to the pan. 

Bigger and more experienced trout tlian 
the little victim of its own imprudence just 
referred to, occasionally give proof of an 
entire absence of that wariness which is 
supposed to be a leading characteristic of 
their kind. Many fishermen can doubtless 
tell of catching fish that had previously 
broken away from their line or from that 
of some other angler, and which still car- 
ried about with them the hook which had 
broken away, and when this so often oc- 
curs in the shape of the elusive and cau- 
tious salmon, it is perhaps less surprising 
in the case of fontinalis. But what was my 
surprise while fishing one day in the Jac- 
ques Cartier River, to take a pound and a 
half trout having still in its mouth the 
hook and half of the casting line that he 
had taken from me less than five minutes 
before. 

There are doubtless times when sexual 
affection make trout, in common with high- 
er forms of animal life, almost o'blivious 
to personal danger. I was once afforded a 
striking illustration of this fact, while fish- 
ing in the middle of September in a favor- 
ite pool of the Jeannotte river, where be- 
cause of convenience, as well as to avoid 
disturbing the water, the fishing is usually 
done from a rocky shore. I had hooked 
what subsequently proved to be a very 
handsome female fish,— in condition the 
very pink of perfection. As my rod was 
light, less than five ounces in weight, and 
the fish both heavy and strong, I had ra- 
ther thoroughly exhausted my trout before 
attempting to bring it to net. To provide 
against the success of a possible final 
plunge, I had gradually conducted my quar- 
ry into a narrow opening running some dis- 
tance between two low ledges of rock, up- 
on one of which stood my guide, net in hand, 
ready for the closing scene of the struggle. 



Then for the first time it was seen that 
there were two trout instead of one in the 
little creek or bay into which I had towed 
my fish. But only one was fast to my line. 
With a dexterous sweep of the net the 
guide secured, not in the first instance the 
fish that had taken the fly, but a hand- 
some red-bellied male, whose determined 
accompaniment of the securely-hooked fe- 
male into shallow water had rendered him 
apparently regardless of the danger into 
which he was running. And as I reflected 
upon how much like men these fishes are, I 
found myself repeating: 

"What bait do you u.se," said a saint to 

the devil, 

"When you fish where the souls of 
men abound ? " 
"Well for special taste.s," said the kins of 

., to "* 

evil, 

"Gold and fame are the best I've 
found." 
"But for general use ? " asked the saint. 
"Ah then" 
Said the demon, "I angle (or man, not 

men, 
And a thing I hate is to change my bait, 
So I fish with a woman the whole year 
round." 

Really marvellous sport has often been 
had in the Jeannotte, which is the outlet 
of the famous Lake Edward. It would 
seem as if most of the huge trout of the 
big lake descend in the latter part of the 
summer into this discharge, in search of 
suitable spawning grounds, and here they 
are much freer in rising to surface lures. 
Two to five pound trout are taken here ev- 
ery season on the fly. In Lake Edward it- 
self, still larger fish have been caught, 
some of which have closely approached sev- 
en pounds in weight. The lake is one of 
the most picturesque bodies of water in 
Canada, being some twenty miles in length 
'by one to three in width, and containing 
many large and beautiful islands. Almost 
the entire coast line is formed of forest- 
clad mountains, sloping more or less gent- 
ly down to the water's edge. Lake Ed- 
ward adjoins the railway station of that 
name, 113 miles from Quebec, and there is 
a comfortable hotel with canoes and guides, 
and camps at different points along the 
border of the lake. It is a favorite camp- 
mg place for visiting anglers, because of 



i6 



ROD AND GbN IN CANADA 



being the centre, also, of a system of riv- 
ers anil lakes well-stocked with brook 
trout of respectable size that ofier good 
sport to the fly-flsherman. Being situated 
more than 7,200 feet above the surface of 
the St. Lawrence, and near the height of 
land between Quebec and Lake St. John, 
it is much frequented bv those in search of 
health as well as of sport. 

Nearer to Quebec than Lake Edward 
there are also, in the same section of the 
country many favorite fishing resorts. Lake 
St. Joseph, only an hour's run by rail 
from (Juebec has produced large numbers 
of heavy trout in the early spring fishing, 
and is now being restocked to make up for 
the damage which has been caused by ov- 
er-fishing. This lake also contains very 
large lake trout, some o£ those taken out 
by trolling and bottom fishing having 
weighed over thirty pounds. 

The lake trout just referred to are the 
Salvelinus namaycush, the grey spotted 
trout of the great lakes. They are found 
in quite a number of the smaller lakes in 
northern Quebec. Sometimes, though not 
always, they will take the fly in the early 
spring, just as soon as the ice has left the 
surface of the water. Of course as soon 
as the water becomes at all warm they 
take down to the holes and remain there. 
Before the temperature of the water has 
materially changed, these big 'forked - tail 
trout chase the little minnows and other 
small fish upon which they feed to the sur- 
face of the lake. Shoals of these frighten- 
ed little fish spring from the water when 
chased for food by their great cannibal 
neighbours, and make its surface boil as 
they drop into it again. If the angler 
drops his fly lightly under the water at 
this particular place and time, he stands 
a good chance of becoming fast to a fish 
that, except in cold waters, and even then 
but seldom and in few localities, takes a 
surface lure. Not long ago, one was killed 
in this manner in Lake St. Charles, that 
weighed seventeen pounds. 

Speckled trout grow to be three to four 
pounds weight in Lake St. Charles, 
which is only fourteen miles from Quebec. 
These fish are here very capricious, how- 
ever. Sometimes it is difficult to obtain a 
rise at all. Upon other occasions, a good 
string may be taken in the course of an 
afternoon. 



Another good trout lake, about the 
same distance from Quebec as Lake St. 
Charles is Lake Beauport. The lake is 
very much fished, but is wonderfully pro- 
ductive, and the trout taken from it are 
very much prized for their splendid flavor 
and also for the wonderful brilliance of 
tlieir silvery sheen. While the fi.sh are 
l>lentiful they are also . very highly educat- 
ed, and some skill is usually required to 
seduce them. 

In the Montmorenci, some twenty to 
thirty miles above its famous falls ; in the 
Ouiatchouan, the stream which carries the 
surplus waters of Lake Bouchette into 
Lake St. John ; in La Belle Riviere and in 
other northern waters that might be men- 
tioned, fontinalis feeds largely upon insect 
food, and six and seven pound specimens 
have not infrequently fallen victims to the 
fly-fisherman's skill. 

Too much could not be said ju praise of 
the huge speckled trout of the great lake 
Jacques Cartier, a splendid body of water 
now hidden in the almost impenetrable 
depths of the Canadian forest ; but those 
familiar with the works of Mr. John Bur- 
roughs will recall the story, in "Locusts 
and Wild Honey", of the six-pounder tak- 
en by him at the very source of the Jac- 
ques Cartier river, when there was a pass- 
able road for a buckboard from Quebec to 
the lake. Since the building of the railway 
to Lake St. John this pathway has be- 
come so deserted that it is in parts quite 
overgrown with shrubbery, while many of 
its bridges have entirely disappeared. 

A pack-horse may get through to Jac- 
([ues Cartier lake, and here, in its dis- 
charge, and in Lac des Neiges, only a few 
miles distant from it, are to be found 
some of the best waters still open to ang- 
lers in which the big red trout of Canada 
may he fished for, and may be caught, 
too, if good luck wait upon the angler's ef- 
forts. The autumn fishing is surer, here, 
than any other, and September is the best 
month to go. But the lakes just mention- 
ed, as well as all the upper course of the 
Jacques Cartier river, are comprised in the 
government preserve known as the Laur- 
entides National Park, which occupies 
much of the interior of the country be- 
tween the Saguenay and the Quebec and 
Lake St. John railway. The government 



ROD AND GUN IN CAXADA 



guards this preserve itself and charges SI 
per day for the right of fishing in its 
waters, and $1 for the use of canoes and 
camping equipment. Guides cost $1.50 and 
$1.25 per day each. Owing to the rapid 
nature of the Jacques Cartier river in the 
upper part of its course, and to its ex- 
tremely wild, precipitous cliffs, it is dan- 
gerous and well-nigh impossihle to ascend 
it to its source, but good trout fishing is 
to be had in some of the waters that may 
be reached by canoes. A drive of thirty 
miles from Quebec over good country roads 
brings the angler to a farmhouse, where 
be may obtain lodging and guides, close 
to the boundary of the park, and a few 
hours poling up-stream brings him to good 
fishing grounds. The afternoon of the sec- 
ond day should find him at pools where 
three and four pound trout have been tak- 
en, and if he prefers a shorter trip he may 
enjoy good sport in the Sautoriski, one of 
the tributaries of the Jacques Cartier, 
which has yielded five-pound trout in the 
month of September. Licenses to fish in 
the park, which covers over a million and 
a half of acres, and all other information 
respecting it maj- be obtained from the 
Department of Fish aTid Game, at the Par- 
liament House in Quebec. Fair fishing 
may be had in the rapids of the Jacques 
Cartier river in the latter part of May 
and the first part of June, and though the 
largest fish do not always rise to surface 
lures in the spring-time, trout of a good 
size are plentiful, and many anglers prefer 
to fight tontinalis in rapid water, even 
though they mav not secure the biggest 
fish. 

Lake Batiscan, which is noted for its 
very large brook trout, is about midway 
between the city of Quebec and Lake St. 
John, and only a few miles distant from 
the line cf the railway. Dean Robbins of 
Albany, N.Y., Dr. Robert M. Lawrence of 
Lexington, Mass., and a number of friends 
secured twelve of these trout in one sea- 
son, whose aggregate weight was seventy- 
two pounds. The Dean' caught, by trolling, 
an eight and a quarter pound trout, and 
another of the party, one of eight and a 
half pounds. The latter was twenty - six 
inches long and seventeen in girth. The 
Hon. W. B. Kirk of Syracuse, N.Y., has 
to his credit a nine-pound trout taken 
from the same lake. Sir Alfred Harms- 



worth, proprietor oi the London " Daily 
-Mail," saw a number of seven and eight 
pound trout from this lake, some time a- 
go, at the Garrison Club, Quebec, and 
guessed their average weight at ten pounds. 
.Vlmost all the waters of the Triton tract, 
in which Lake Batiscan is situated, are 
noted for the large size of the fontinalis 
which inhabit them. The late Colonel A. 
L. Light killed fourteen trout in one hour 
on the tract in 189-', their total weight be- 
ing forty-five pounds. Mr. A. X. Cheney 
and Mr. W. F, Rathbone, of Albany, took 
twenty-five speckled trout in the Moise 
river, on the fly, in September, 1897, 
which weighed in all, 101 pounds. Ten of 
-Mr. Cheney's fish weighed forty-five pounds 
and ten of Mr. Rathbone's forty - one 
pounds. 

Equally large, if not even larger speci- 
mens of fontinalis are to he found in many 
of the far northern waters of the province, 
often to the north of the watershed divid- 
ing the waters of Hudson Bay from those 
of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Much confus- 
ion has been caused by the application of 
the name "trout," as well to the namay- 
cush or Christivomer as to Salvelinus fon- 
tinalis, and many reports of large trout in 
northern waters have been found, u,pon in- 
vestigation, to refer to the so-called gray 
or lake trout, or namaycush. Speckled 
trout of three to nine pounds in weight are 
reported, however, to have been taken in 
nets, in Lake Washwanichi, a beautiful 
mere about the size of Lake Edward. In the 
Hamilton river above the great falls, in 
the interior of Labrador, there Ts, accord- 
ing to Mr. A. P. Low, the well-known ex- 
plorer, the finest trout fishing in Canada- 
all large fish, none being seen there und- 
er three pounds, and from this to seven 
pounds and plenty of them in all the rap- 
ids. 

For those who enjoy long canoeing and 
camping trips after trout, I can recom- 
mend none that are likely to prove more 
attractive than those by way of some of 
the large rivers flowing into Lake 
St. John from the north. Magnificent 
waterfalls are encountered upon all of 
these main streams, which have, of course, 
to be portaged around, and the return may 
always be made by a different route, so 
closely interwoven are the waterways of 
this marvellous country of rivers and 



IS 



ROD AND (,UN IN CANADA 



lakes. One of the most attractive of these 
routes, upon which one year I spent a fort- 
night with an angling companion, involves 
the ascent Of the Little Peribonca for a 
number of miles, after which there is a ser- 
ies of portages to Lake Epipham. From 
this lake there are other .portages to Lac 
des Aigles. We descended the river des 
Aigles flowing out of the lake into the 
river Aleck, and then followed this river 
as far as its junction with the Big Peri- 
bonca, adown the rapid waters of which 
we floated to Lake St. John. Both in 
Lakes Epipham and des Aigles and in the 
river flowing out of the last mentioned 
lake, we took just as many trout as we 
liked. Never, perhaps, have I seen a 
stranger sight than the spectacle afforded 
by the trout of Lake Epipham, in the even- 
ing twilight, raising their heads quite clear 
of the water after the low flying moths 
that skimmed the surface of the water. 
They showed themselves by the thousands, 
in this manner, the spectacle recalling the 
well-known picture of the good St. Anth- 
ony preaching his famous sermon to the 
fishes. They were not very large fish, av- 
eraging three to the pound, but it was no 
trick at all to take three at a time dur- 
ing that twilight hour, and consequently 
the sport was fast and furious, and we 
knew, too, that we were fishing what was 
practically virgin water. 

A day or two later than our experience 
on Lake Epipham, we caught much larger 
trout, almost as quickly, in the discharge 
of Lake des Aigles, one of the most pic- 
turesque reaches of trout water that ang- 
ler ever set eyes upon. 

The only fishing that I can now recall 
that at all compares with that in the out- 
let of Lac des Aigles was some that I en- 
joyed last summer in some of the Sague- 
nay waters. For two or three evenings in 
succession a companion and myself fished 
some of the holes of the Eternity river, 
which flows into the Saguenay between 
Capes Trinity and Eternity, and grew ab- 
solutely tired of taking trout only to re- 
place them in the water, long after we 
had killed all that our party could eat. One 
of the guides was anxious that we should 
kill all the fish caught, on the ground that 
the Eternity is a salmon river, and that 
the trout enter it to eat the spawn of 
Salmo Salar. Those trout were them- 



selves so gamy, however, that not even 
the plea for the survival of the fittest 
could move us to the work of wanton de- 
struction, and we left to Nature the task 
of adjusting her own equilibrium. Both in 
Lake Eternity, the source of the Eternity 
River and in Little Lake St. John, close 
by,— the prettiest lake that I have yet seen 
in northern Quebec,— the trout fishing is 
marvellously good. 

The Gatineau lakes and many of those 
in the St. Maurice district are worthy of 
a chapter to themselves, but I must pass 
them by at present, for there are splendid 
trout waters, too, on the south side of the 
St. Lawrence, that should have at least a 
mention. 

Six and seven pound specimens have 
been caught in some of the rivers and 
lakes of the Squatteck country, in the vi- 
cinity of Lake Temiscouata, which is not 
far from the boundary of New Brunswick ; 
while others, nearly as bulky, occur in the 
preserves of the Megantic Fish and Game 
Association, on either side of the Maine 
and Quebec boundary line. 

In the interior of the county of Rimous- 
ki are to be found a large number of well- 
stocked trout lakes, especially in rear of 
Bic and Rimouski. Some of these have 
been leased from the government by clubs 
and others, but in the greater number the 
fishing is free to all, especially in the in- 
terior of the county. Many of these wat- 
ers are teeming with fish, and most of 
them can be reached from Amqui and Caus- 
apscal stations on the Intercolonial rail- 
way. 

There are immense specimens of Salveli- 
nus in the lower stretches of many of the 
Labrador and Gaspe streams that empty 
into the Gulf and Lower St. Lawrence and 
the Bale des Chaleurs, and lusty warriors 
they are too, as many old salmon fisher- 
men can testify ; but the limitations of 
space are inexorable, and we must reel up 
for the present, and be tempted by the sea 
trout on some future occasion. 

Some of the biggest trout stories ever 
told in Canada come from the far-famed 
Nepigon, which is undoubtedly one of the 
very best trout streams in the world. The 
story of the seventeen pound trout caught 
there is doubtless an error, however, due 
to the confusion, not at all uncommon in 
such matters, whirli often exists between 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



'9 



Saliiio Nayniacush and Salvelinus Fontin- 
alis, in the minds of both anglers and news- 
paper writers. The big lake trout grow to 
an enormous size in Xepigon waters, but it 
is also a fact that many five pound brook 
trout are captured every year by fly- 
fishermen in this famous stream. Accessi- 
bility to an abundant food supply and a 
deep cold-water habitat contribute very 
materially to the growth of all the trouts 
and chars, and the Xepigon River and the 
lakes by which it is fed, contain large 
quantities of whitefish, while the water is 
so cold that its average summer tempera- 



fishing. The average width of the river is 
two hundred yards, but it has several large 
lake expansions, and its depth is from 
twenty to two hundred and fifty feet. 
Kontinalis has consequently ample scope 
here for the display of all his fighting 
qualities. The standard flies for the Nepi- 
gon are the professor, queen of the water, 
grizzly king, gray and green drakes, Mont- 
real, silver doctor, coachman and hackles. 
Even Nepigon has its off days for the .fly- 
fisher, however, and upon these the phan- 
tom minnow usually does good work, 
though it is a question whether the use of 




.\DMIRING THE C.\TCH. 



ture is not much above forty degrees. The 
fish have therefore no reason to keep down 
in the lowest depths of the river, and they 
consequently rise freely to the angler's 
flies. The best fishing is to be had there 
from the middle of July through the 
months of August and September. The 
river is rather more than thirty miles long 
to the Great Lake Nepigon at its head, 
and is broken by fifteen chutes or falls, at 
the foot of all of which there is excellent 



any other lure than flies should not be pro- 
hibited upon this magnificent stream. 

Many other splendid rivers well-stocked 
with the gamest of brook trout up to five 
pounds weight run, like the Nepigon, into 
Lake Superior, from the north, and like it 
are reached by the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
way. 

Lac Superieur, eight miles north-east of 
St. Faustin station on the Labelle branch 
of the Canadian Pacific Railway, only 78 



20 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



miles from Montreal, is famous for the 
sport which it yields to trout fishermen, 
yet it is but one of a dozen similar waters 
within easy reach of the same centre. 

Amongst some of the finest fishing waters 
that may be reached by the Grand Trunk 
Railway are those of the Lake Nipissing 
and French River district, Hollow Lake 
and Tributaries, Lake Simcoe and Couch- 
iching, Bass Lake and Severn River, the 
Moon River, the Lake of Bays, Georgian 
Bay, the Haliburton region and the Kawar- 
tha Lakes. 

The region known as that of the Muskoka 
Lakes is a collection of lakes and islands 
in Northern Ontario, 112 miles from Tor- 
onto and 145 miles from Hamilton, on the 
line of the Northern division of the Grand 
Trunk Railway. The point of destination 
by rail is Gravenhurst (Muskoka Wharf), 
where close connection is made with the 
boats of the Muskoka Navigation Company, 
and it is but a day's journey from Toron- 
to or Hamilton to the farthest stopping 
place on the lakes. While those in this en- 
chanted region are numbered by the thou- 
sand, the three principal sheets of water 
are Muskoka, the .first and largest; Ros- 
seau, the second and next largest, and Jos- 
eph, the third, somewhat smaller than 
Lake Rosseau. In all the waters here- 
abouts, maskinonge, bass and pickerel 
abound, as well as lake or salmon trout, 
while some localities also of!er excellent 
brook or speckled trout fishing. At Hawk 
Rock River and at the head of Lake Ros- 
seau, are favorite resorts of trout fisher- 
men, while the sport is excellent in the 
Magnetawan river, which is about half way 
between Lake Nipissing and Muskoka. 
Every reach of water hereabouts is alive 
with brook trout, and even in midsummer, 
that is to say in the last week of July, an 
angler, a few years ago took ninety-seven 
trout out of the Magnetawan in a single 
afternoon, the largest of which tipped the 
I scales at two and a quarter pounds. 

For the devotees of both rod and gun, the 
Georgian Bay district holds out unlimited 
attractions. In addition to speckled trout 
which are abundant in most of these wat- 
ers, the rivers which flow into the ' bay 
teem with several varieties of the more 
gamy of the finny tribes, among them be- 
ing black bass, pickerel, maskinonge, white- 
fish and lake trout. 



The St. Maurice river which flows into 
the St. Lawrence at Three Rivers abounds, 
in common with nearly all its tributaries, 
and the lakes by which they are fed, in all 
kinds of coarse fish, while most of the 
smaller streams and lakes in the territory 
drained by it are stocked with the largest 
and gamest of speckled trout. Its princi- 
pal tributaries are the Shawenegan, the 
Mattawin, Rat, Vermillion, Flamand, Rib- 
bon and Manouan from the west, and Me- 
kinak, Petite and Grand Bostonnais, 
Croche, Tranche, and Windigo from the 
east. From Three Rivers, the Piles branch 
of the C. P. R., with several trains per 
(lay runs northerly to Grand Piles. The St. 
Maurice is navigable thence to La Tuque, 
75 miles further into the interior, and 
there is a regular line of steamboats run- 
ning between these points. Good guides 
can be procured at Grand Piles for $1.25 
to $1.50 per day and board, and canoes for 
75 cents to $1 per day. From the Grand 
Piles as a centre, there are any 
number of good angling resorts to 
l)e reached. Via this place, or 

by ascending the St. Maurice in a steamer, 
the menx'bers of the famous Laurentian and 
Shawenegan fishing clubs reach their pre- 
serves. They own ' magnificent series of 
lakes, where brook trout are often taken 
up to five and six pounds in weight. 

In the immense number of its lakes and 
rivers and the abundance of fish which they 
contain, the district of Ottawa, in the 
province of Quebec, almost equals that of 
the famous Lake St. John. The Ottawa 
river from its source at Lake Capemechi- 
gama, only 32 miles south of the height of 
land between the St. Lawrence waters and 
those flowing into Hudson's Bay, is 780 
miles long to its mouth at the lower end 
of the island of Montreal. From Lake Ex- 
waham, in which one of its branches takes 
its origin, the river is over 800 miles to 
its mouth. This river and its tributary 
waters drain an area of no less than 60,- 
180 square miles, of which 40,324, or a 
territory double that of Nova Scotia, are 
in the Province of Quebec. The Ottawa is 
almost as long as the Rhine, but has three 
times its volume of water. The entire 
country north of the Ottawa is one of 
lakes. In a zone 60 miles broad and 
250 miles long, stretching through the in- 
terior of the country, from Lake Temis- 



ROD AND GUN IN LAN AD A 



camingue to Lake Spain in Berthier count}- 
are the following amongst other great 
twdics of water: Lake Keepipwa, Grand 
Lac, Lake Victoria and Lake Kekaboaga. 

The Gatineau, one of the most important 
of the tributaries of the Ottawa, flows into 
it, almost opposite Ottawa city. It is 
nearly four hundred miles long, and the 
country drained by it is thickly bespangled 
with lakes of all kinds and sizes, contain- 
ing all sorts of fish to be found in this 
region, and connected by beautiful streams. 
Splendid trolling is to be had in the Gat- 
ineau and many of the lakes that discharge 
into it, and in others of its tributary wat- 
ers there is to be had as fine fly-fishing as 
any to be found in this part of the world 
Some of the trout and bass in these waters 
are of very large size, while specimens of 
their whitefish weigh as high as thirteen 
pounds. 

The River Mattawa flows into the 
Ottawa from the Ontario side, over 350 
miles above Montreal. Guides can be ob- 
tained in the town of Mattawa at its 
mouth. Prices are low for both guides and 
canoes. The fishing is of the 'best, there 
being plenty of fine lunge and bass, which 
take the troll readily; while in any of the 
countless coves and bays, the stickler for 



the fly rod can find scope for his ambition, 
with bass weighing from one to five 
pounds. 

Lake Temiscamipgue is a large expansion 
of the Upper Ottawa, 75 miles long, and 
some distance south-west of it is Lake 
Tamagaming, one of the most recently 
opened up resorts of sportsmen, and a veri- 
table paradise for anglers. Its surplus 
waters are carried into Lake Nipissing by 
the Sturgeon River. It may be reached 
from Haile\-'bury, on Lake Temiscamingue. 
It is shorter but wider than this latter, 
full of deep bays and bespangled with 
thousands of beautiful islands. The scenery 
is of the loveliest description and the fish- 
ing is declared, by the comparatively few 
white men who have visited it, to be won- 
derfully good. 

The magnificent trip from Sturgeon Falls 
to Lake Tamagaming— fifty miles away— 
has been made more frequently during the 
past few years by parties of sportsmen who 
have all spoken of it as a most enjoyable 
expedition. Black bass and grey trout are 
abundant in the lake, and pike and pickerel 
or wall-eye pike can be caught almost any- 
where en route, whenever one grows tired 
of bass or trout fishing. 



A New Hunting and Fishing Reserve. 



The new Minister of Lands, Mines and 
Fisheries of the Province of Quebec, Hon. 
Adelard Turgeon, himself a well-known 
sportsman, and acquainted, through per- 
sonal experience, with the rapid increase 
in the supply of large game in that por- 
tion of the province comprised within the 
limits of the Laurentides National Park, 
has just set apart another large forestry, 
fish and game preserve, which virtually in- 
cludes th^ whole interior of the Gaspe pen- 
insula. The area of this reserve is about 
2,500 square miles, or say 1,500,000 acres 
more or less. The vital importance to this 
section of the country of such a reserve, 
ensuring, as it will, the maintenance of the 
water supply of at least a dozsen large 
rivers which take their rise in the Shick- 
Skock mountains,— the back-bone of the 
peninsula, — is obvious. Among the rivers 
in question are many which are known as 



amongst the finest salmon rivers of that 
part of the country, including the, Matai^, 
the Cap Chat, the Ste. Anne, the Magdal- 
en, the Dartmouth, the York, the St. 
John, the Bonaventure, the Little Casca- 
pedia, the Grand Cascapedia, the Nouvelle. 
the Escuminac, the Capsupscull, the Pabos 
and the Grand River. 

Mr. W. C. Hall, Superintendent of the 
Laurentides National Park, upon whose re- 
commendation the Minister has made the 
reservation referred to, remarks that "As 
a matter secondary in importance only to 
the preservation of the forests and water 
supply, the territory furnishes a magnifi- 
cent opportunity to create a hunting and 
fishing reserve, which would be of the 
greatest possible annual value to the resi- 
dents"; adding "Were this tract properly 
protected, I venture to say that in a com- 
paratively short time it would become as 



22 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



well palionizi'd by sportsmen as the noitli- 
orn part of the State of Maine." 

But few of the streams above mentioned 
have been ascended by sportsmen to their 
headwaters, but it is known that they are 
all well supplied with large trout as well 
as with salmon, and that many virgin wa- 
ters will be found among their smaller 



tributaries, enclosed within the limits of 
the new preserve. These will all 'be thrown 
open to sportsmen on payment ^of a small 
fee, particulars concerning which can be 
obtained from Mr. \V. C. Hall of the de- 
jiartment of Fisheries and Game at Que- 
'bec. 



♦?♦?♦;♦ 



Changes in the New Brunswick Game Laws. 



strong evidence is given of the appreci- 
ation of the fact that game is a national 
asset and to be safe guarded as such, by a 
series of changes made by the Legislature 
of New Brunswjck in the game laws of 
that province. As it is of no use making 
laws without adding some provision tor 
their enforcement, it may be first stated 
that a Chief Ranger is to be appointed, 
whose duties will be to see to the due pro- 
tection of both the forests from fire ana 
the game from illegal shooting, snaring, 
etc. Under him will be deputy wardens 
who are to pass a qualifying examination 
for. their positions. This examination is to 
be in such subjects as knowledge of wood- 
craft, habits and resorts of game animals, 
the iprovisions of the game laws of the pro- 
vince, and such other subjects as the Sur- 
veyor General may see fit to require. The 
present wardens will continue to act until 
called upon to pass such an examination. 

Next in importance come the guides. No 
man must act in that capacity until he is 
registered and certified. Once however a 
man's name is put on the list, and he gets 
his certificate, his license remains in force 
until cancelled for some good cause shown. 
He cannot be a guide and hunter at the 
same time, and when acting as a guide 
must not shoot moose or caribou. On the 
other hand no non-resident must hunt 
moose, caribou, or deer without employing 
a registered guide, and no guide must con- 
duct a larger party than five at any one 
time. 

These provisions ought to make both 
wardens and guides in New Brunswick a 
highly efficient class of men, who will see 
to the enforcement of the game laws in a 
nune effective way than' has been the case 
in the past. 

Stringent conditions have also been added 
In the laws themselves. No cow moose is to 
be hunted under the age of two years, in- 



stead of one as formerly, and no cow car- 
ibou is to be hunted or shot at all, the 
penalty of a breach of this provision being 
from $3 00 to $200,, or from 20 days to 
two months imprisonment. No moose, 
caribou, or deer is to be shot at night un- 
der a penalty of $50 to $150, or impris- 
onment from one to three months. Licens- 
es must also be taken out to shoot deer. 
The open season will be from Sept. 15th 
to Nov. 30th, and except between those 
dates no gum must i be taken into the 
woods without the ,permit of a game war- 
den. Fine or imprisonment, and the con- 
fiscation of the firearm, is provided as a 
penalty for this offence. 

The tag system is to be enforced. When 
any person kills a moose or caribou he 
must exhibit the head to a warden who 
will himself affix the tag which will bear 
the name of the person who killed the ivni- 
mal, the license number, and the time and 
place of killing. This tag must be preserv- 
ed, and no head shall be delivered to the 
owner when preserved or mounted, nor 
shall any head be exported, without such 
tag attached. It is also an offence to kill 
a moose or caribou in a place where it is 
impracticable to bring out the head for in- 
spection by a warden so that he may af- 
fix a tag. 

The open season for partridge is to be 
the same as for deer, etc., viz., from Sep- 
tember 15th to Nov. 30th. 

An increase is made in the license fee for 
non-residents himting moose or caribou of 
from $30 to $50. 

While there may be some objection to 
minor matters in these changes all sports- 
men must agree that they make for in- 
creased and efficient protection of game, 
and should, if properly carried. out, mean 
an unlimited extension of New Brunswick's 
reputation as a great sporting Province. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Moose Hunting by a Greenhorn North of Massey. 



Hy JOE GREISHAN. 



It was the first week in November, and 
I had finished the business which had call- 
ed me to the district of Algoma. Hearing 
a good deal of talk about the abundance of 
game in the vicinity of Massey Station I 
decided to take a lioliday, and try my luck. 
On arrival at Massey and having my bag- 
gage transferred to the hotel, I overhauled 
my trunks, and brought out the outfit 
which was tc assist *iie to stop a portion 
of the moose and deer, that, according to 
common talk, were so numerous in that 
part of the country. 

I secured a good guide, and after buy- 
ing and packing the necessary provisions, I 
made arrangements for a team to be at the 
hotel at four o'clock the following morn- 
ing. I asked for an early breakfast and 
then retired. My imagination even while 
I slept, ran so high that all the moose and 
deer in the district seemed to crowdi them- 
selves into my room— if any one had asked 
me about game then I should certainly 
have made some awful statements. I saw 
moose with eight toot horns, deer as large 
as moose, and anything I did not see in 
the deer line has never yet been described 
or discovered. 

I was the first on deck in the morning. 
After a scanty breakfast we started for a 
place called the Twenty Mile. We had a 
good team, my guide was certainly a good 
entertainer, the day was everything that 
could be desired, consequently our trip 
looked favourable, and we hoped profitable. 
Before the end we certainly got all, and 
more than we expected. 

We had not proceeded many miles when 
I saw a nice large partridge cross the 
road. Immediately my blood was up, and 
I hunted my pockets for shells, only to 
find that I had packed them all in one of 
the boxes of provisions. I was for stop- 
ping right there and unpacking the whole 
business. The guide however only laughed, 
and said we would have to make all the 
time we could on the first part of the road, 
because after we had passed the twelfth 
mile it was rough and the horses would 
have to go slowly. If I intended to shoot 
small game I should have engaged a second 
team and wagon as in all probability two 



of us would have to walk ahead for the last 
four miles to scare the birds oft the road 
so that the team could travel. Well now if 
1 was excited before I certainly was at 
fever heat after hearing this, and I climbed 
over the seat and in the back of the wagon 
opened up boxes and cases — ^I made an aw- 
ful mix up, but I got those shells. -I filleti 
my shooting iron and then I was on the 
lookout for birds. Every little distance I 
couldisee birds in twos and threes running 
off the road. I wanted the guide to stop 
the team and givei me a chance to shoot. 
.\11 he would say was "Wait till we get to 
where the birds are more plentiful." I 
wondered what he called plentiful. How- 
ever I waited. I thought the team were 
doing fine, until at last they scarcely 
seemed to move. I was thinking only of 
those last four miles, and when at last we 
reached the rough road I did not wait for 
the second invitation to jump, I was the 
first man off and in two jumps I was six 
feet ahead of the team. I had only gone a 
few yards when my guide said "You should 
get a few shots in a place like this where 
there is spruce and balsams." He had not 
finished speaking when a fine big bird came 
in sight. Now I have heard of wing shots, 
and of throwing stones at birds to get a 
wing shot ; but if an.v one tells you 1 
threw any stones at that bird it is a mis- 
take—I was only waiting for it to stop 
walking so I could get a good aim to 
make a sure shoot— no wing shooting for 
me. I landed the bird all right, and start- 
ed down the road at a gait that would 
have won in any hundred yard dash, when 
whirr-whirr-whirr, on every side of me. I 
stood still and looked, first one way and 
then another, not knowing where to shoot 
as there were birds on every side. While 
thinking over my predicament, I looked u,p 
and there sat five nice birds on the branch- 
es looking at me, and apparently not the 
least afraid of me or the shooting iron, 
which I had grasped with a deadly grip in 
my right hand. I fooled the whole five, 
and I got nine more before we reached our 
destination. I did not stop to count those 
I did not get. 

At last we were at our joiuncy's end, 



24 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



and a big log cabin loomed up before us. 
My guide said "Here we are at the Twen- 
ty Mile sure enough" and the proprietor 
came out and welcomed us in. I made my 
business known, and handing in my birds 
asked if I could have them cooked at once. 
My host inquired if I would want them all 
cooked for the first meal ? Well to tell you 
the truth I felt as if I alone could eat a 
large portion of those fifteen birds, not 
having had anything in the wagon but cold 
lunch. I was told that I could have all the 
partridges, and was asked if I would like 
a moose or deer steak also.' 

I .wanted a moose, and I wondered if I 
sent in my order whether I could get one. 
The host looked just like a man who could 
fill the bill. I therefore gave the order 
"Send in a whole moose." He grinned and 
asked further whether I would be pleased 
to have one with or without the horns. Of 
course when the choice was kindly 4eft to 
me I preferred one with horns. With much 
ceremony he then showed me to a large 
chair made of moose horns, and u,pholster- 
ed with the hide, saying "There are the 
horns and hide ; the meat will be in directs 
ly." He certainly delivered the goods. At 
last I was among them, for judging by the 
size of the plate of meat they sat in front 
of me moose meat was not scarce. I found 
the accommodation splendid, nice clean beds 
and everything to correspond. The host 
told me that our party made nine who 
were on the hunting ground — and they all 
seemed of the same opinion namely that the 
deer were getting too numerous for the 
iafety of the "dear" public, and each one 
was determined, with a mighty determina- 
tion, to reduce their numbers. After eat- 
.ng a hearty meal I lighted a cigar ana 
went for a stroll up the road. On my re- 
turn I was introduced to the party and I 
thought we looked a likely body of men as 
we sat around the front of the cabin, clean- 
ing our guns and preparing for the next 
day. The others informed me that while 
there was plenty of game large and small 
they had not up to that time reduced their 
numbers at all. The deer seemed to think 
that by running they would be quite safe. 
The.men had fired a few shots— not with 
the intention of hitting anything at all, 
but only with the intention of making the 
deer run faster, and so getting them in 
good running order. When I heard these 



stories my stock dropped as I thought of 
that partridge which would not stop walk- 
ing to allow me time to take aim. 

After thinking the matter over carefully 
I called my guide to one side and told him 
I had decided to go in anotlier direction 
from the rest of the party, I arranged for 
an early breakfast, and hoped we would be 
able to start in advance of the rest. Ac- 
cordingly five o'clock ne.xt morning saw us 
hiking down the road for a large hardwood 
ridge that lay two miles south of us. I 
locked with disdain on the slow gaited par- 
tridges and spruce hens and said to myself 
"Too slow, too slow. I want to get a shot 
at something going a mile a minute." 
When we reached the hardwood my guide 
told me to go quietly and slowly along the 
base of the hill for a half mile or more ; 
then get up on the crest of the hill, and he 
would wait to give me time to get in po- 
sition, and would start in my direction 
anything he saw. 1 made that half mile 
with a beating heart as the further I get 
into the timber 'the more signs I saw. I 
picked out a spot with a good view and sat 
down. I had not been there long when I 
heard a branch break, and suddenly a fine 
large buck came bounding right straight for 
me. I did not know what to do— run or 
climb a tree, but finally I decided to take 
my chance on a dodge. However Mr. Buck 
just turned a little and passed on. I then 
felt sorry he had left. I began telling my- 
self that, he was the finest looking deer I 
had ever seen. Oh, I wished I could get a 
chance at one like him. I stopped thinking 
— a chance, a chance to shoot. I say, did 
you ever see a man fight with himself ? I 
involuntarily started after my deer as I 
called him, and had only gone a few steps 
when I heard another snap. I asked my- 
self "Is it another ? I wonder if it will be 
as large as the other one. No, there it is, 
pshaw, it is only a doe. I guess it will 
take the same run-way. No, turned the 
other way— gone, gone." 

Now I did not think long about that 
one. I just said to myself "Wait — till the 
next one comes." Shortly afterwards I 
heard a loud whistle and the guide came 
towards me. He asked me if 1 had seen or 
heard anything, andafter I had given him 
an elaborate description of the buck and 
doe, he wanted to know why I did not 
shoot, and upon my deigning no reply he 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



-3 



cocUy laughed and remarked "Buck fever, 
eh ? " 

We were picking our way carefully a- 
long the ridge when suddenly the guide 
crouched and motioned ahead. I looked and 
there stood the same old 'buck. 1 could 
swear he was the same old huster. I took 
careful aim and let drive. He jumped, and 
the guide said "Give it to him. again." 
Then I certainly did commence to throw 
lead, and the deer did certainly travel 
some. I was cutting down tree tops, and 
ploughing up roots, and finally just as he 
was a'bout to get out of sight he seemed 
to stumble. We went over to the place 
and found a few drops of blood. The guide 
immediately took the trail, and after going 
about a hundred Ijards, he stopped, leaned 
to one side, and said "drive him." I drove 
him for keeps. This time he was standing 
sideways just near a hill ahead of us. Fol- 
lowing the instructions received from the 
guide to aim for the back of the fore 
shoulder I took deliberate aim and fired. 
He dropped like a log. On examining him 
we found that I had broken one hind leg 
well up above the gamble joint with the 
first fusilade. and that my fine shot from 
behind the foreleg had broken his neck. 
However those particulars did not bother 
me. I had him and he was a beauty. The 
guide said he would dress two hundred 
pounds. He had a fine wide spread of five 
pronged horns. I will not detail the story 
of getting him out, but it was a big job 
and I was tired and sore when I had com- 
pleted it. As soon as we reached the road 
we hung him on a tree, and started for the 
cabin. 

I felt like "the whole thing" when I 
came in sight' of the cabin. My thirty- 
eight inch coat grew suddenly tight, and 
my hat seemed to have shrunken some too. 
However I managed to go in with a care- 
less look. My host asked "What luck? " I 
simjily remarked "Oh, not much— just one." 
"Good one ? ' he queried. "Yes," I ad- 
mitted, "nice red deer. But wait till to- 
morrow — then it will be a moose." 

We were alone that evening, as the rest 
of the hunters had gorte over to an old 
rfiack at High Falls, and would not return 
for two days. Next day I felt sore and 
stiff, and was not just as anxious for a 
moose. I got to thinking about how heavy 
that red deer was at different times the 



previous afternoon. I just kind of multi- 
plied by lour or five for the moose occa- 
sionally, and shuddered. However in the 
end I could not make a bluff and as the 
guide was ready we bravely made a start. 
We took a course down the stream just be- 
hind the cabin. For a mile or two we 
were bothered with underbrush, and then 
came out in a fine piece of deer ground. I 
was ahead, and just as we were crossing 
the top of a nice rise of ground I stepped 
on a large dry branch. I thought I had 
started a cavalry camj) when over another 
hill swept a bunch of six ,moose. I was so 
taken by surprise that I did not even think 
of the gun. When however the guide re- 
marked to himself that it would have 'been 
impossible for even the best marksman to 
have got one of them, I was comforted, 
and felt satisfied to wait for another 
chance. I got twelve shots at deer that 
day, but as I told the guide, I was sore 
from the day before, and could not be ex- 
pected to shoot as well as usual. We 
therefore gave up the chase for that day, 
and determined to return on the morrow. 
We carried out this decision, and I was 
successful in bagging a small buck out of a 
bunch of three. While engaged in dressing 
him, with my sleeves rolled up and hard 
at work, I suddenly heard a snap in the 
bush. Looking up I saw standing only a 
short distance away, and staring at me, a 
magnificent bull moose. I slowly reached 
for my gun, and although I trembled like a 
leaf, I managed to drive him in the ribs. 
He started to mow down the forest, and I 
shut my eyes. By accident however I op- 
ened one, and discovered Mr. Moose with 
his head sticking out from behind a big 
birch. I drew myself together, and aimed 
for his head this time. I made a bull's eye 
as I put the ball just below his right eye. 
He dropped, and when I went over to him 
I was the proudest man in Canada. I know 
there may be larger moose, but there nev- 
er was a better head. It was not large — 
only seven prongs in each leaf, even to an 
inch, and a perfect spread. I hallooed my 
lungs sore, and soon the guide came on the 
bound. I think he was almost as pleased 
as I was, and told me there was an old 
road within two hundred feet of where he 
lay. Only a few fallen trees had to be cut 
out, and we carried our moose out on a 
jumper. 



26 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



We started for the cabin at once. I bad- 
ly wanted to tell someone about that 
moose. The host had told me some awful 
moose stories, and I was not in that class. 
Now that I had graduated I felt that 1 
was at least on his level, and that night 
it was I, and not the host, who told the 
moose stories. I certainly did talk moose. 

I wish I had time to give you all the 
yarns, but being tired we went tc bed 
early. The host promised to get our moose 
out and take it to the station, and he was 
as good as his word. 



I should also like to del ail the per- 
formances of the rest of the party, who re- 
turned with four deer, and one moose a- 
mong them, having seen seventeen deer, 
and four moose en their trip. Having made 
it clear that I am now in the moose hunt- 
ing class, I may have written enough lOr 
the present occasion. I bid the party, 
host, and hostess, adieu with high hopes of 
returning to this hunting ground next sea- 
son — no longer a greenhorn. 



♦x** 



The Evening of Our Days. 

I^ctirinj on $1,000 a year — A Pleasant Life for People of Small Means. 



Bv I. O. ARMSTRONG. 



I think it was the Rev. Henry Ward 
Beccher who wrote a little book whose 
subject was "Five Acres Enough." I have 
long; had the idea that people of small 
means who are, whether rightly or wrong- 
\y , considered to be past the working age, 
and who would like to spend the evening 
of their days in health and comfort, would 
find five acres of land and a house in 
a pretty locality, with accessibility by 
rail and by boat, to 'be enough to ensure 
at least as much happiness as falls to the 
lot of most people. The age limit forces 
many to retire who are physically able 
enough, but who do not in other respects 
come up to modern requirements. Take 
such .people as these who have a minimum 
income of $1,000 a year. Let twenty of 
these each buy five acres of land near a 
railwa.\- station close to water with a lit- 
tle fisl^iu^and some shooting. These could 
form ^a settlement the membership of which 
could be made very desirable. Such a num- 
ber is suflicient to form its own society. 
A I lurch, a whist club, and a library, with 
tin lid of the locaJ'' population could be 
ke|il nil. 

I h.ve in my mind a jilnce, which is 
rather ii favourite suninier resort for the 
few who k-now alii)\it il, ;uid I would like 
to invite the opinions of others upOn the 
idea of forming a colony of retired people 
to settle there. The colony would be es- 
tablished after mutual references and re- 
searches to guarantee in each member a 



sufTicient amount of intelligence, geniality, 
and breeding to keep out the one 'black 
sheep who migkt disturb the flock. 

Good houses can be built for $500 and 
upwards and the five acres of land close to 
a railway station would cost another 
$100, or slightly more. Persons having an 
income of $1,000 per year and no capital 
with which to build would have to pay 
^m per year, part in wear and tear and 
part in interest, on a loan with which to 
purchase the land and build a house. The 
annual increase in the value of the land 
would quite pay the wear and tear and in- 
terest on the investment. 

Three acres of each lot would be set a- 
side for pasture for a cow, and one acre 
for hay. The labours of one or two men 
would probably be suiricient for the care 
and milking of all the cows in the colony 
and this co-operation would make the ex- 
pen.ses for each very much smaller than 
would otherwise be the case. Additional 
pasturage could be had very conveniently 
to this location. Provisions and fuel could 
he arranged for in the same way by con- 
tracting for a daily delivery of supplies, 
and by having so many cords of wood or 
so many cars of coal furnished for the 
whole colony. One ice house would suffice 
and daily rations would issue for the com- 
munity. A water supply and electric light 
fould be obtained in a similar manner. 

The gardens in the place selected could 
be plougheil by contract and the work of 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



27 



seeding and looking after lliem could be 
done by the owners. One acre of garden is 
a big garden. There would be a market 
for any surplus garden produce on the spot 
in su,pplying the summer visitors and lo- 
cal towns. 

With milk at cost, garden produce at 
the cost of one's own labour, with good 
scenery, with no smoke, no noise, no dust, 
a healthy climate, whist, tennis, and quite 
possibly golf ; canoeing, boating, and very 
good fishing and shooting, the monotony of 
life would certainly have its limitations. 

.\s I write this there rises up fresh in 



the united admission fees of the residents 
added to those of the rather prosperous 
farmers and village people would enable the 
community to draw a fairly good class of 
entertainment to the village when desired. 
The out-door winter amusements are many 
and varied, the climate allowing out-door 
life on 9,5 per cent, of the days from De- 
cember to March. There is no mud during 
all that time. 

The locality in my mind is on the 
North Shore of Lake Huron at Desbarats, 
Ontario, Canada, at the western end of 
the North Channel. There is a group of 




TUK IJESB.\RATS KIVER \-.\LLEV- 



my mind a picture of the lonely horrors of 
flat life in the large cities, and the con- 
stant self-denials and humiliations which 
the attempt to live nicely u,pon a very 
small income in these large centres entail. 
Then again the unsociableness of city 
life is replaced in country life under these 
auspices, by the greatest possible amount 
of sociability. Old clothes would be very 
fashionable in the colony and all sorts of 
rtiral economies quite the correct thing 
— children could be educated very cheaply. 

The amusements provided in the summer 
for the summer visitors would he within 
the reach of every one in the colony, while 



one hundred very picturesque islands im- 
mediately south 01 the Desbarats River 
\'alley (see illustration) which are being 
rapidly colonized by summer residents. The 
cottage colony sites would be on each side 
of the river as far as the railway station 
which, v.ith the little village, is seen in 
the distance. Frontage on the river of say 
something over two hundred feet, and run- 
ning back one thousand feet or thereabouts 
would be given for each site, thus furnish- 
ing a good building spot on a piece of ele- 
vated level rock and some good shade 
trees. The building stone will stand fire so 
that large stone chimneys and open fire 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



places can be built cheaply. The soil on 
the flats is black loara, free from stone, 
and of great depth. The climate is that 
of Northern Vermont, but with less wind 
in winiter. The furthest lot would be less 
than one mile from the post office, stores 
and railway station, and the nearest would 
he only 118 feet away from that building. 
The local population is sober, law a'biding, 
and of Anglo-Saxon descent. There are 
pleasant drives on good roads at Desbar- 
ats. Special colony rates could be made 
with the livery men, putting one or more 
weekly drives within the reach of everyone. 
There is nothing to prevent a larger ex- 
penditure on the house and the purchase of 
a thousand acres of land or more at $5.00 



jjer acre or thereabouts if it is so desired. 
This should be a popular scheme with 
(he literary man, who would find here rest 
with a good deal of life in the summer, be- 
cause a large number of very interesting 
people come to this section at that time 
of the year. It should also appeal to the 
College man whose three or four months 
of vacation life under these circumstances 
would give him all the pleasant physical 
culture and mental rest he would need. In 
fact the least possible expense of money 
and the greatest possible return would ob- 
tain here. The writer is keenly interested 
in the idea, and is willing to take some 
considerable trouble to carry it out. 



Fly Reds. 

Bv WALTIiK GRI-;.A\'ES. 



When I was in Belleville last summer an 
old friend of mine, one of the finest old 
gentlemen and sportsmen one could possi- 
bly meet (now deceased, I regret to say, 
but not by any means forgotten) showed 
me what he said was his favorite fly reel. 
It was an "Expert" made by Meisselbach 
& Bro. of Newark, N. J. He had a num- 
ber of ether reels, but said he preferred 
the "Expert" to any and all of them. I 
was so much impressed by what he said on 
the subject that, notwithstanding I have 
quite a number myself, I was induced to 
purchase one in black nickel, and I must 
say I have not regretted the small outlay, 
for I have found the reel to be all that my 
late friend claimed for it and to surpass in 
utility, generally, the other excellent trout 
reels which I previously used and consider- 
ed perfect. This reel is light and so sim- 
ple in construction that it is not liaible to 



get out of order, and, with a coin, may be 
taken apart and put together again in a 
few moments (quite an advantage at 
times). It has the further advantages of 
being ohea,p in price (not in construction ) 
and can be so regulated by a slight pres- 
sure of the thum'b on the top as to bring 
it gradually to a dead stop, if desired, and 
it is open at the sides in such a manner 
that the line will readily dry without be- 
ing removed from the spool. I am so 
pleased with my purchase that I really 
cannot refrain from letting other anglers 
know of the merits of the "Expert," oth- 
erwise many of them might be in the 
(lark, like I was before Major Caswell en- 
lightened me last summer when I was ang- 
ling on the Bay of Quinte. I may add that 
the cost of the reel laid down here is a- 
about $3.00. 
Ottawa, April, 1005. 



♦♦♦ 



Camping in the Canadian Rockies. 



Mr. Frederick B. Hussey, of Banff, Al- 
berta, sends us the following hints on 
camping in the Canadian Rockies: 

If you decide to camp in the Canadian 
Rockies it is well to get into correspond- 



ence with the guides of that country as 
early in the season as possible, as it gives 
them a chance to find out what you want 
in the way of game or fish and to map out 
your trip accordingly. Almost any of the 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



29 



C. P. R. Agents can furnish you with 
names and addresses of good guides for 
any specified region. 

The travel through the mountains is by 
pack-train and you are charged for the out- 
fit entire instead of paying, each man sep- 
arately, which saves much trouble in mak- 
ing arrangements. The outfits include ev- 
erything except your own clothes, rifle and 
blankets, but blankets will be furnished if 
so desired at slightly additional cost. 

Such an outfit for one man would con- 
sist of a guide and a cook, saddle-horses, 
pack-horses, tents, provisions, etc., the 
number of pack-horses depending on the a- 
raount of stuff to be carried, allowing a- 
bout two hundred pounds to the horse. Of 
course, the fewer the number of pack-hors- 
es required the easier it is for the outfit 
to move. This outfit for one man would 
cost him about fifteen dollars a day. For 
two men, with two guides and a cook, 
horses, provisions, etc., in proportion, the 
price would be twelve and a half dollars a 
day apiece and for three or more ten dol- 
lars a day a,piece. 

This mode of outfitting saves you the 
trouble of taking tents, provisions, et<"., 
with you from the east. When there is 
time the guides will send, on request, a 
list of provisions and will make changes, 
so far as possible, to suit the taste of the 
camper. 

Individual outfit is very much a mat- 
ter of taste and former experience but it 
should never weigh as a whole, not includ- 
ing blankets, more than fifty pounds. The 
experienced man usually finds that twenty- 
five pounds will cover it. 

For the eastern man going into the 
mountains flannel should always be worn 
next to the skin, the weight varying with 
the time of the year the trip is made. 
Flannel shirts and Stetson hats are worn, 
of course, and most men will find long 
trousers or overalls the most comfortable 
for all round wear on the mountains and 



in the saddle. These may all be obtained 
at the point of departure. The shoes 
should be well fitting and not too heavy 
but strong enough to hold nails, which 
should be of the hard Hungarian type. Use 
plenty of them and do not forget to put 
some under the instep as well as in the 
rest of the sole. 

Wear light woollen socks. 

The best camp bed I think you will find 
to be a pneumatic mattress, which can be 
obtained in almost any ■ good outfitting 
store in the east. 

As in clothes, everyone has a preference 
in rifles, but the one tiiat has given me the 
most satisfaction in the mountains is the 
33 Cal. Winchester, which while light in 
weight has long range and great striking 
power. 

Many people think that this camping 
and mode of travel is too hard for ladies 
but let me assure you that such is not the 
case. Any lady who is used to riding can 
travel very comfortably through the moun- 
tains in this way, though, of course, the 
side saddle is out <\l the question on the 
trail. 

In conclusion a Jittle advice may not he 
out of the way. 

If \ou have not had experience in trav- 
elling by pack-train, and even if you have, 
for the first few days, or until the outfit 
shakes down and you find your place, you 
can render the guides the most assistance 
by keeping out of the way. Later, when 
things get working smoothly there are 
many ways which you will see of helping 
if you wish to, though it is never obliga- 
tory. 

Trust your guides ; they know the coun- 
try and where game is to be found better 
than ycu do. I have seen too many men tell 
the guides where to hunt and then blame 
him if they are not successful. Guides, like 
other people, are only human, and if you 
keep that in mind there should be no fric- 
tion to mar the pleasure of your trip. 




30 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

More About NIpigon. 



We have received the following letter 
from Mr. P. A. Leitch, of Nipigon: — 

I have your circular letter re Fishing, 
Shooting, Exploring, etc., and have also 
received a copy of "Rod and Gun." 

In reply would say that I am herewith 
enclosing you a map and small folder is- 
sued by Hudson's Bay Co. relating to the 
Nipigon River. I am also enclosing a large 
map of the whole country m this vicinity 
from Lake Superior to the Albany River, 
including Lake Nipigon and the Nipigon 
River, and which shows all known Canoe 
Routes. , 

We have in this vicinity the most at- 
tractive country for tourist traffic that is 
to be found anywhere on the continent 
(barring none) and if it were only taken 
hold of and extensively advertised by our 
company through the proper channels, they 
would work up a most surprisingly large 
and remunerative tourist traffic in a very 
short time, as it is surprising to what a 
small percentage of such people this dis- 
trict is known. 

There is a tremendous field in the Unit- 
ed States where extensive advertising 
would be very beneficial. 

I have been here for the past ten years 
and by constantly coming in contact with 
the tourists who visit this stream, I am 
in a position to voice their sentiments as 
to what we have in the Nipigon River and 
Lake. 

We often have parties making a trip a- 
round the world stop off here to break the 
monotony of travelling by train and to 
have a few days lishing at same time, and 
these people have repeatedly told me that 
they had fished every known trout stream 
of any (importance and they had seen noth- 
ing that could compare with the Nipigon 
for fishing and that for scenery they had 
seen nothing to surpass it, with the excep- 
tion of some points in Switzerland. 

Lake Nipigon also offers just as great 
attractions in this respect as it has num- 
erous fine streams flowing into it 'from all 
directions, many of which are fine* trout 
streams, and the Lake itself is teeming 
with fish of all varieties including the 
large speckled trout, that makes the Nip- 
igon River so famous to those who have 
visited it. 



You will notice by the large map en- 
clo.sed, the fine circuit canoe routes that 
exist north of Lake Nipigon, as far north 
as the Ogoke and Albany Rivers, and re- 
turning to Lake Nipigon by a different 
route through an uninhabited country with 
splendid fishing almost all the way. 

Lake Nipigon has a large number of is- 
lands, making it a tourists' paradise, and 
if there were only a railway from here to 
that lake and a summer hotel on the lake, 
with a nice steamer to cruise around the 
lake, etc., there would be an enormous 
traffic to it every season. 

At the present time there arc very few 
people who visit this place that bring their 
families with them, for the reason of there 
being no suitable hotel here for them. We 
have a fairly large hotel here, but not of 
the class for tourist trade, and a large 
percentage of those coming here would 
bring their families with them if there 
was a suitable hotel here or on the lake, 
where they could be comfortable, while 
their male members would be away fishing. 

Lake Nipigon is a beautiful sheet of 
water, averaging (iO miles by 4U miles, ly- 
ing about 30 miles north of here, and at 
an elevation of 255 feet above Lake Su- 
perior. You can see by the enclosed map 
the immense tract of country drained into 
Lake Nipigon. 

.•\s the Nipigon River is the only out- 
let for all of these waters and with a drop 
of 25.') feet in about 30 miles you can 
imagine what a large and swift stream it 
is. 

There are a number of falls, chutes and 
rapids, etc., that go to make up the lieau- 
ty of the river. 

What makes the Itiver so much more 
attractive for fishing, than any other, a- 
side from its large fish and fine scenery, 
is the enormous width and almost continu- 
ous fishing grounds its whole length, mak- 
ing it possible to do most of the Ashing 
from a canoe, instead of tramping the 
woods or wading the stream. 

John Ford of Port Arthur, a photogra- 
liher, has a number of fine photos of some 
of the points of interest on the River, 
from whom you could get copies if de- 
sired for advertising purposes. 
I am sending you a speckled trout skin 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



31 



on birch bark (framed). Please accept 
same with my compliments. You will see 
from this skin what beauties we have here. 

Besides this district being the best fish- 
ing grounds in the Dominion we also have 
a fine field for prospecting for mineral, 
such as gold, copper and iron ore, etc. I 
have travelled over considerable of the 
country myself and I know this from e.x- 
perience. 

I have located about 3000 acres of fine 
iron ore lands in a block near Poplar • 
Lodge on the east shore of Lake Nipigon. 
You will notice this deposit shown on 
large map enclosed. 

There is also a good supply of game 
throughout this district, such as partridge, 
rabbit, ducks, geese, caribou, moose, red 
deer, etc. The red deer are not yet so 
numerous as the moose and caribou, but 
are becoming more plentiful every year. 

I presume you understand that the On- 
tario Government has the Xipigon River, 
Nipigon Lake and their tributaries pro- 
tected, a permit being required by anglers 
to fish therein, and a fee is charged there- 
for. 

I have just been appointed by the On- 
tario Government "Fishing Overseer" for 
these waters and to issue permits to ang- 
lers who coMe to fish them. 



I understand the fee charged in the past 
was $,T.OO for two weeks fishing to resi- 
dents of Canada and $15.00 for non-resi- 
dents for two weeks, and a like sum for an 
extension of two weeks or part thereof. 

I do not know whether the Government 
propose making any alteration in these 
rates or not, as they have not yet sent me 
a .schedule of them. 

Our company should use their influence 
with the Ontario Government to have a 
strip of land say one or two miles wide on 
each side of the Nipigon River and the 
group of islands in Lake Nipigon at Virgin 
Falls set aside and created as a park tor 
the protection of the scenery along the 
banks of the River and also prevent the 
stream from t^ing used for log driving, 
otherwise it will in time, spoil fishing in 
the River, and the attractiveness of the 
district as a tourist resort. 

If you care to have an advt. put in the 
"Rod and Gun" publication that those 
requiring information of this district, will 
he furnished with full particulars, upon ap- 
plying to me, I will be pleased to answer 
any communications received in this con- 
nection. 

Trusting you will be successful in work- 
ing up a good traffic for this place." 



♦>»>«i» 



An Incident in the l^ockies. 



Bv W. R. GILHERT. 



It is difficult— nay impossible— for the 
stay-at-home to realise the extraordinary 
types of humanity occasionally to be met 
with on the Rocky Mountains. 

Restlessness and an undaunted desire to 
become rich are prevailing characteristics 
developed in the Far West, w^here every 
man is fully assured that in his knapsack 
(i. e. his hands and brain) he carries the 
baton, not of a field marshal, but greater 
by far in his eyes, of a Jay Gould or a 
Vanderbilt. 

He only needs the opportunity, and this 
he is never tired of seeking— never down- 
hearted however repeatedly he has failed 
to find it. 

Silver having proved a broken reed, num- 
berless men are seeking high and low for 
the more precious and reliable metal; and 
as half the streams of the Rocky Moun- 



tains can be made to give out, through the 
medium of rock or sand, infinitesimal 
signs of gold bearing, they are continually 
following up a Will o' the Wisp that sel- 
dom leaves them without a crumb of com- 
fort and hope. But besides these ex-min- 
ers there is a whole army of wanderers — 
men whose entire life has been spent, or 
will be spent, in wandering round, seeking 
gold, and occasionally even stopping osten- 
sibly to seek work, albeit the while— in 
the language of the country— they are 
"praying God they may not get it." That 
there is a charm about a prospector's life 
(as there is about that of a hunter or trap- 
per) is easy to understand. 

The charm has to be acquired, but once 
acqiuired it takes such hold upon the indi- 
vidual that he seldom settles down to 
more restricted life, but is ever restless 
and eager to be off to the mountains, to 



ROD AND GbN IN CANADA 



his solitary camp fire, ills lonely delving, 
and the free air of Heaven, in a region 
where God's creation is most grandly set 
forth in rock and woodland. This hermit is 
as a rule no holy man. He goes not there 
to meditate, save on the chances of strik- 
ing ore — nor to renounce, save whiskey, 
which he cannot for the present get. There- 
fore you may see many strange men in 
these lonely places. 

It had been snowing that night, had 
rained all that morning, and was raininp; 
pitilessly still, when between four and five 
,p. m. it occurred to the cook of our party 
that the monotony of cowering over the 
fire might be varied by preparation for the 
evening meal (to be eaten standing) salt 
and sugar melting to hand. According- 
ly he sallied forth from the clump of trees, 
that by courtesy were supposed to shelter 
us by the creek bed, and set to work man- 
fully with a blunt axe upon a dead tree. 
Now the sound of a stubborn axe on well 
dried timber is as pronounced and as wide 
reaching as that made by the smiting of a 
Salvation Army drum,— which by the bye 
never noised abroad such glad summons as 
in this case. 

A few minutes afterwards there appear- 
ed on the bank above us the most extraor- 
dinary and woebegone product that ever 
laid claim to being human. From out of 
what might once have been a military 
great coat, and from under the remnant of 
a round and formerly white hat, of which 
only the brim now remained— was to be 
seen the gaunt visage of a man of sixty 
years or upwards— his glittering eyes, aqui- 
line nose, high cheek bones, and feathered 
ruffle of tangled whisker giving him the 
appearance of a be-draggled hawk. One 
hand was gloveless ; but the other clung 
still to a thumb and wrist of wet leather. 
The lean figure was upright as a dart, and 
the spirit was obviously all unquenched — 
as he queried sharply "Where might you 
fellows be working for ? " In one hand he 
held the bridle rein of a one-eyed saddle 
horse, a fit charger for the Don Quixotic 
looking master ; to the tail of this was 
fastened a sorrel steed without flesh, with 
no other trappings except a rope halter ; 
in the other hand he held a long willow 
wand, with which he had been persuading 
no less than five loaded donkeys to carry 
their burdens whither it might occur to 



him to go. Briefly,, he had completely lost 
his way ; and after nearly a week wander- 
ing on the creek, "he kept no account of 
days," he said, he was now pushing un- 
dauntedly up stream into this basin of 
country — this river head — from which the 
precipitous mountains barred all escape 
save by this one entrance. ' For two days 
and nights he had been wet to the skin — 
even his matches, the most vital treasure 
of a backwoodsman, were damp and his 
Winchester hung on his saddle bow looked 
in a state of uselessness. Of flour he had 
50 pounds, but nothing else that could be 
called food. But what struck me most of 
all was not the above stated dire necessi- 
ty into which the man had fallen, nor the 
imminent danger of death which awaited 
him by cold and wet and hunger, but the 
indomitable spirit with which he accepted 
his position and had fully and confidently 
intended to go through. 

"Come down to the camp fire," I na- 
turally hollooed, but as he< seemed bent on 
arguing the situation, we all scrambled up 
the snowy and slippery bank to our strange 
visitor. Soon he seemed to accept the cir- 
cumstances, and to consent not so much to 
accept hospitality as to throw in his lot 
with us. The jackasses crowded dowii more 
readily than their master ; willing hands 
untied their ropes and let fall the packs, 
while,— talking the while, so far as his 
chattering teeth would let ]jim — our quaint 
visitor applied himself to his own saddle- 
horses. "Guess I've broke my nails," he ex- 
plained as his half frozen fingers refused to 
unknot the rawhide ropes ; so he even sub- 
mitted to my bringing a button hook into 
play. Then he strolled— all negligently — to 
the fire, and while he bravely talk- 
ed, and bravely stood, opportunity 
was given me of marking the de- 
tails of this queer man's accoutrements. He 
carried two pairs of blue cotton overalls, 
and the strap whicn prevented their de- 
parting from his boney legs, also served to 
bear his sheath knife. His boots were 
worn through— and the first use he made of 
the fire was to remove them and his stock- 
ings and dry his feet in the blaze. 

He had taken up, he said, a "pretty lo- 
cation" near Estes Park, and there he 
meant to return in the spring, to work his 
placer mine by means of "the best stream 
of water in that country." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



By next morning he was as fresh as 
paint, scoffed, at the idea of suffering amy 
ill effects from these days of cold and pri- 
vation, still less that he had escaped from 
almost certain death, and with the loan of 
one of our rods, set himself to fish the 
stream, very successfully— his basket for 
the morning amounting to forty-five shape- 
ly trout. 

As time wore on, and occasional confi- 
dence was prompted— for he never left us 
for a week, his train of asses following 
our trail placidly, while he brought up the 



rear wiith shout and whoop, it came out 
that he had filled the position of colonel of 
cavalry in the Confederate army. After 
the war (but this period of his history he 
could only 'be persuaded to touch upon, un- 
der the tongue loosening influence of whis- 
key) he and many others of the "rebels" 
had betaken themselves to the Indian Ter- 
ritory of that time. So much for Colonel 
Campbell— as an instance of how a Western 
man can be proof against weather, and re- 
main undaunted under disaster. 



♦♦♦ 



A Glimpse at Ontario's Forest l^eservations. 



By JAMKS DICKSON. U. L. S. 



' think it is safe to say that to our 
friend, the late Mr. A. Kirkwood, an old 
ofhcial in the Department of Crown Lands, 
belongs the honor of having first drawn the 
attention of the government to the advisa- 
bility of setting apart a block of land as a 
Forest Reservation. 

In the month of January, 1892, I was 
invited by the late Hon. A. S. Hardy, who 
had succeeded Mr. Pardee in administering 
the Crown Lands of Ontario, to accept a 
position on a commission which the gov- 
ernment was about to appoint to report on 
the advisability of esta'blishing a large 
Forest Reservation, where it should be lo- 
cated, how much land should be set apart, 
and including within its limits the head 
waters of the Muskoka, Madawaska and 
Petewawa Rivers, the same to be named 
the "Algonquin Park," and on the 8th of 
February following there was appoint- 
ed a Royal Commission for the pur- 
pose, under the Great Seal of 
the Province appointing Messrs. Aubrey 
White, the Assistant Commissioner of 
Crown Lands ; Archibald Blue, then Direc- 
tor of Mines, now of the Census Bureau, 
Ottawa ; Mr. A. Kirkwood and myself, 
with Mr. Thos. W. Gibson, the present Di- 
rector of Mines, secretary. A few weeks 
afterwards a supplementary commission 
adding Mr. R. W. Phipps, Clerk of For- 
estry, was issued. 

Mr. Kirkwood was elected chairman at 
the first meeting of the commission, and in 
due time it made the report recommending 



the setting apart of sixteen townships with 
an area of one thousand four hundred and 
sixty-six square miles, and including with- 
in its bounds the sources of the three 
streams above named. 

All the land in the proposed reserva- 
tion had previously been surveyed into farm 
lots except the townships of Sproul and 
Preston, and during the summer of 1892 
I made a sketch traverse of the principal 
rivers and lakes of those, and the year fol- 
lowing I ran the south boundary of the 
township of Preston thirteen miles which 
made the closing link of an open line all 
around the reservation ; and in July, 1893, 
it was my privilege to conduct a party of 
six men in charge of the late Peter Thom- 
son, Superintendent, and instal them in the 
reservation as guardians. We went by 
canoe, up North River to Canoe Lake in 
the township Peck, selected a site on its 
vv'est shore for the first building and while 
the men were getting out the house logs, 
Mr. Thomson and I took a canoe trip over 
a few of the principal waterways from 
which with the assistance of the maps ev- 
ery small lakelet and pond could be lo- 
cated. 

Since that time there have been addi- 
tional parts of adjacent townships added, 
which now brings the area up to one thou- 
sand nine hundred and thirty square miles, 
or one million two hundred and thirty-five 
thousand two hundred acres. 

This Reservation is on the watershed 
between Lake Huron and the Ottawa Riv- 



34 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



er waters, although its north east corner 
approaches to within only a few miles of 
that stream. Inland Lake, which is the head 
of North River, that branch of the Musko- 
ka which extends furthest to the east, is a 
lovely sheet of deep clear water with an 
elevation of 1406 feet above the sea. Otter 
Slide Lake on the Petewawa River, which 
is divided from it by only a narrow ridge 
of about one-third of a mile, has the same 
elevation above sea level. From its most 
eastern point the distance to Madawaska 
water on the east is only one and one-half 
miles. 

The Reservation is easily accessible 
from either side. A two hours' drive from 
Deux Rivieres station on the C. P. R. and 
one can launch his caijoe, and with port- 
ages only suflficiently long to stretch the 
limbs and vary the monotony traverse the 
whole of the northern part of -the park. The 
Canada Atlantic passes through it on the 
southwest tapping good canoe navigation 
on each of the Madawaska and Muskoka 
Rivers. The tourist need not confine him- 
self to either of those routes. From Eau 
Claire another station on the C. P. R., a 
short distance west of Mattawa, he can as- 
cend the Ama'bee Du Fond River and do 
the northerly part. Or if he prefers to 
ascend South River from the station ct 
that name on the Canadian Northern, or 
enter it from the south 'by way of Min- 
dew, or Haliburton at the terminus of the 
Victoria branch of the Grand Trunk Rail- 
way. Quite a choice of routes, and there is 
not one of them where a gentleman might 
hesitate to take the ladies, and even chil- 
dren who can stand a half-hour's tramp or 
sleep in a tent. 

The Reservation although hilly can sc_ar- 
cely be called mountainous, there being 
few hills of any considerable elevation a- 
bove the level of the surrounding country. 
This is especially i noticeable around the 
dividing of the waters, but the hills be- 
come higher as we descend the streams. 

It has been nearly all lumbered over, 
some parts upwards of half a century ago 
and most of the pine timber removed. The 
northeast part; has also been ravaged by 
forest fires, which w^re of almost annual 
occurrence before the present system of 
fire protection was inaugurated. But it is 
a noticeable jact that in no part does the 
interests of the game seem to have suffer- 



ed, nor has their numbers become thinned 
by the action of either fire or the axe. 
Over the whole of the ravaged parts a new, 
forest, equal in density to the old, is rap- 
idly springing up, and in those parts where 
there is such an abundance of young tender 
shoots the deer are met with in greater 
numbers during the summer months than in 
the older, and original forest. It was not 
until about the year 1875 that the moose 
began to migrate across the Ottawa River 
and establish themselves south of the Mat- 
tawan River, and so suitable did they find 
their new home that in less than ten years 
they had become as numerous as the red 
deer in all the unsettled parts. During the 
first twenty years after their arrival, they 
were the victims of such a frightful slaugh- 
ter that the wonder is they were not com- 
pletely exterminated. Hundreds were an- 
nually butchered for their pelts alone ; and 
during the latter .part of winter many were 
killed for the sole purpose of baiting bear 
traps. But owing to the more stringent 
enforcement of the game laws during more 
recent years they are now rapidly increas- 
ing in numbers and becoming quite numer- 
ous all through the backwoods. 

Had not drastic measures been adopted 
about the same time there is little doubt 
but the beaver would ere now have been 
extinct in old Ontario, so mercilessly was 
the war being waged against them. But 
now that they have had a few years' ex- 
emption from the steel tra,p, they also are 
once more becoming quite numerous, and it 
a few more years' exemption is granted 
them, and then only a limited number al- 
lowed to be taken by one person in any 
one year, the country will in a few years 
be restocked with them also. I submit 
that the beaver should have at least anoth- 
er five years' exemption. Man is his 
only enemy. He is a very prolific animal 
and a tew years' protection will add vastly 
to his numbers, and the assets of the pro- 
vince be so much increased. 

But not only does the beaver supply one 
of our most valuable furs, but he is th'c best, 
in fact the only natural conservator of 
water we have. How many of our small in- 
land lakes are the direct work of his hands, 
the result of his labors ! What vast accumu- 
lations of water are^stored up and retained 
all the year round in beaver ponds ! 

Any person at all familiar with lum- 



NOD AXD GLX JN CAXADA 



35 



beriiig knows what a common occurrence it 
is t(J have large numbers of saw logs or 
other timber laid on a dry beaver mea- 
dow with a small creek meandering 
through it, and at a trifling cost in dam 
building hold the water as it accumulates 
during the spring thaws and rains, efiect- 
ing a large saving in what would other- 
wise have been long hauling and large out- 
lay also in road making, and enabling the 
winter's cut to be floated out into the 
larger streams. 

I have known cases of whole rafts of 
-quare timber being got to market, when 
;t was about to be left for a year for lack 
oi water, by the simple means of cutting a 
few beaver dams. 

Thirty years ago the unsettled parts of 
'he Huron and Ottawa territory was one 
vast beaver farm, and if none are ever al- 
lowed to be taken in the Algonquin Park, 
.IS they increase in numbers they will na- 
turally overflow into the surrounding coun- 
try, and as there is a large extent of un- 
broken forest, which is likely to remain so 
for all time, to the east and south of the 
Park, in the course of a few years, the 
whole region will be abundantly restocked 
light up to the settlements. The beaver 
apart altogether from his value as furnish- 
ing one of our most valuable furs, is well 
worthy of protection, for the invaluable 
assistance he gratuitously renders man in 
the conservation of water alone. 

The establishing of the Algonquin Park 
Reservation was so unanimously approved 
of by all classes of the public that five oth- 
ers have since been set aside for the same 
purpose. 

The Rondeau Park with an area of sev- 
en-and-four-fifths square miles ; the eastern 
reservation one hundred and twenty - five 
square miles ; the Sibly reserve seventy 
square miles ; the Timagami five thousand 
nine hundred square miles and the Miss- 
issagua reserve three thousand square 
miles, in all 11,032 4-5 square miles, or 
7,060,992 acres of land and water estab- 
lished at points easily reached from any 
part of the province. About twelve per 
cent of the whole is water, net stagnant 
pools or muddy rivers, but lakes of from 
<\ few acres to others of many square 
miles, streams from the tiny rivulet and 
brawling brook to large deep rivers, all 
clear limpid pure water, Xo necessity in 



any one of them to taste and find cut if 
the water is pure before proceeding to 
(luench the thirst. 

The Hondeau Park was set apart and 
established in 1894. It lies on the shore of 
Lake Erie, in the township of Harwich, 
County of Kent, and is composed of the 
small peninsula which lies to the east of 
Rondeau Harbour. It is consequently easi- 
ly accessible by either rail or water, and 
is an ideal spot for a summer outing. The 
ICastern Reserve was set apart in April, 
lK9!t. It comprises the townships of Pal- 
merston, Clarenden and the south part of 
the township of Miller in the county of 
Krontenac. The Kingston and Pembroke 
railway passes through the township of 
Palmerston. The Mississippi River flows 
in an easterly direction across the town- 
ship cf Palmerston and Clarenden with 
branches extending north into the town- 
ship of Miller, connecting with and drain- 
ing nearly all the lakes in that township. 

The Sibly Reservation comprises the 
peninsula which divides Black Bay from 
Thunder Bay in Lake Superior Tbundei 
Cape with its towering mountain fourteen 
hundred feet high, a conspicuous land-mark 
which will ever linger in the memory of 
every lover of nature, who has done our 
great lakes, is its- southern terminus. Its 
extreme length is some twenty miles by 
eight miles at its greatest width. An 
hour's sail with a moderate breeze will 
take one to it from Port Arthur. It was 
established in February, 1900. 

TIMAGAMI RESERVATION. 
Timagami Reservation, by far the larg- 
est, was set apart in January, 1901, with 
an area of two thousand fwo hundre* 
square miles, the intention evidently be- 
ing to include only the section of territory 
watered by the Lake Timagami and Lady 
Evelyn water systems. But an addition was 
added in December, 1903, which brought it 
up to its present magnificent proportions 
of five thousand nine hundred square miles, 
three million seven hundred and seventy- 
six thousand acres. In shape it is some- 
what triangular, having a frontage on the 
south of nearly ninety miles, and extending 
to the north for approximately one hun- 
dred and forty miles, where its width from 
east to west is some thirty miles. At its 
southeast angle it is distant only some six 
miles from Lake Timiskaming on the Otta- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



\va River. Tlic Tiuiiskaniing and Norllu'iii 
Ontario Railway passes thiougti its south- 
eastern part fur a distance of thirty miles. 
The extreme north end is in latitude 
■18 degrees 27 minutes 54 seconds, lieing 
32 minutes 6 seconds or some thirty-six 
statute miles further south than the inter- 
national boundary across the prairies of 
the northwest. 

For about three-fourths of its length, 
the Montreal River, one of the largest 
tributaries of the upper Ottawa, forms its 
eastern boundary, while on the west, for 
nearly its entire length it is bounded by 
the Mattagami River, a large stream flow- 
ing northerly and discharging into Moose 
River, the later emptying into James Bay 
in the Arctic Ocean. This Reservation l:ke 
the Algonquin Park, lies on a watershed 
and is a perfect network of brooks, rivers 
and lakes. The principal lake is Timagami. 
a bay of which touches the south boun- 
dary near the east side, having with its 
numerous long arms a shore line sufficient- 
ly long to give an average canoe man well 
nigh a season's work to explore them all. 
It forms the head waters of the Tunagami 
branch of the Sturgeon River, which dis- 
charges into Lake Nipissing, and pays the 
largest toll to that magnificent sheet of 
water. 

The next lake in importance and perhaps 
the most picturesque of them all, is Lady 
Evelyn lake, a few miles to the north of 
Timagami. This lake also with its numer- 
ous tributaries drains a large area of land, 
but discharges its waters into the Mon- 
treal River, by the Lady Evelyn River, or 
rather what might be more properly term- 
ed one long narrow lake, called Mattawa- 
pika. 

The Montreal River, besides being so 
much of the east boundary of the reserva- 
tion, throws out two large branches to 
the west, draining a large portion of the 
interior, one of them to speak metaphori- 
cally, approaching nigh enough to Lady 
Evelyn and Sturgeon River waters to easi- 
ly exchange greetings, the other approach- 
ing equally close to Mattagami River on 
the west boundary. While south of those, 
but still in the reservation, the Sturgeon, 
the Walmapatia and Vermilian rivers are 
next floor neighbors. 

Throughout the whole reservation there 
is a perfect network of lakes and ponds. 



numerous streams forming the threads of 
the meshes, lakes of all sizes from a half 
acre pond to some of twenty miles in 
length and Indian portages connecting them 
all. The large lakes are dotted over with 
islands, most of them very beautiful. It is 
a rare field for all varieties of game, both 
terrestrial and acquatic, which inhabit our 
province. And no woodsman's axe, except 
in the hand of an Indian or surveyor, has 
ever notched a tree, or marred the beauty 
of a single glade. 

Here, in this comparatively small area, 
is the birthplace of waters meandering 
their way to the distant ocean both by the 
way of Lake Huron, the Ottawa River, and 
James Bay in the far north. And a rea- 
sonably smart canoeman might take iis 
morning plunge in one. make his midday 
pannekin of tea with the water of the sec- 
ond and bath his wearied limbs in the 
waters of the third, all in the same day. 

Having done the Timagami Reservation 
we will now head for that of the Mississa- 
gua, the last but by no means the least, 
with its three thousand miles of moun- 
tains, lake and river. Perhaps we had bet- 
ter rendezvous at the south west -ingle of 
the Timagami reserve, and from thence 
strike due west. We shall require neither 
compass nor guide, we have a well opened 
and blazed trail all the way. At the end 
(ii thirty miles we find the Northeast an- 
gle of reservation. The travelling has not 
lieeii all that the heart of man could wish. 
There is neither asphalt pavement nor gran- 
olithic sidewalk. To be plain, it is decid- 
edly rough. It will be necessary to lay 
aside our dignity and take to the tump 
line. A pack-horse would, in this case be 
simply "matter in the wrong place." 

In this short trip the chances are first 
class for practical experience, both in the 
pleasures and trials of roughing it. It will 
he advisable to add a canoe to the outfit, 
for we must cross the large Onaping Lake, 
an expansion of the Onaping River. The 
Spanish River, which is no tiny rivulet, 
then the C. P. R. about midway between 
Pogamasing and Spanish River stations 
and a mile or so further west we meet 
with another large sheet of water, Poga- 
masing Lake, a lake too wide to swim a- 
cross even without being loaded down with 
a pack. Besides those large bodies of wat- 



ROD AND GUN IN LAN ADA 



37 



er, several smaller ones intercept the way 
and have to be overcome. 

Proceeding still due west for another 
thirty miles we arrive at another corner 
of the reservation then north eighteen miles 
to its extreme north limit. It is matter 
for regret that the rectangle thus left out 
was not included in the reservation. It 
contains some of the largest and 
loveliest lakes and delightful scenery 
in the province. The land is not 
adapted for agriculture, and would 
have been an additional five hundred and 
forty miles added to its area, and its cast 
boundary would have crossed the line of 
the C. P. R. at Metagama station and its 
north boundary some three miles north of 
Ivureka station, thus making the reserva- 
tion a perfect rectangle, 84 miles by 42 
miles, with a small niche of two townships 
left out in the south southwest corner, 
giving it a total area of three thousand 
four hundred and fifty-six miles. 

THE MISSIS.\GA RESERVATION. 
The Missisaga Reservation may be said 
to be nearly all watered by the large riv- 
er of the same name and its numerous ram- 
ifications of lake and smaller streams. The 
Sable River, which pours its tribute into 
the Spanish River drains a portion of the 
east part, and Garden River, a turbulent 
lapid stream with a good volume of water 
which pours its flood into the St. Mary's 
Kiver, some eight or ten miles east of 
Sault Ste. Marie, its south west part. And 
there is no doubt that when its west boun- 
dary has been defined, this reservation will 
be found to be the place of birth of the 
Goulais River also. There has been a 
anialler portion of this reservation ex,pIored 
and the lakes and water courses laid down 
on the map than any of the others, but it 
is no more than reasonable to assume that 
the shore parts which have been explored 
are a fair average of it all, as all that 
part of the country presents the same geo- 
graphical features. There are numerous 
very high mountains, some of them with 
an elevation of upwards of two thousand 
feet above the level of Lake Huron, in this 
reservation, so that the scenery is more 
varied and picturesque and of an altogether 
grander scale than in any of the others. 
The streams in many places dash swiftly 
through deep gorges or canyons. But the 
portages are for the most part short and 



entail no great amount of hard labor, 
and it is nearly all densely timbered. Only 
a small part of it has ever been lumbered 
over. Game, such as caribou, moose and 
red deer, especially the former, are num- 
erous ; also beaver, otter and the other 
fur-bearing animals, water fowl and ruffled 
grouse. 

The proposed Bruce Mines and Algoma 
railway will pass through it, and the Al- 
goma central railway reaches at two 
points to within fifteen miles of it on the 
west, while the C. P. R. passes still clos- 
er to it on the east, so that it is easily 
accessible either by rail or water. 

The Missisagua Reservation was estab- 
lished in February, 1904, only a little 
over a year ago. 

I think it safely within the mark to say 
that all the country in the region of the 
reservations contains about an average 
of twelve per cent, of water, and when- 
ever we see a large blank space on the map 
it is safe to assume that it has not been 
explored by either geologist or surveyor. 

The lakes and even comparatively small 
ponds in any one of our reserves are few 
and far between in which the angler may 
hesitate to cast his fly or spinning troll 
and prepare his frying pan to cook a -gooa 
mess of luscious and gamy fish. All varie- 
ties of the trout family are in evidence in 
nearly all, pike, dory and bass in many; 
with white fish and herring in the large 
lakes. We have the sucker, also, and the 
cry has gone forth to sweep him if possible 
from our waters, because he devours the 
spawn of the more valuable fish if he 
does, he himself is the staple food for all 
the others, so that his depredations are 
paid back with good decent interest. How 
nicely nature regulates the supply and de- 
mand. 

It is well to impress upon our rulers 
the absolute necessity— in the interest of 
our fish — to disturb the level of the lakes 
as little as possihle. There is no form of 
animal life so prolific, nor are there any 
so easily exterminated as fish. Alter the 
level of a lake by either raising or lower- 
ing the water and the spawning beds are 
injured. Let a margin of timber on a lake 
shore be killed by flooding, a drive of logs 
lose a portion of its bark, or some of the 
logs sink and the water becomes tainted 
and the finer varieties of fish soon begin 



3« 



ROD AND GUN IX CANADA 



to Ihin out and it is only a c|uestioii of 
tinie when tlu-y disappear altogether unless 
the disturbing element has been removed. 

The farmers may laKe all they require 
for family use, either by angling, the troll, 
or even by night line. Even the summer 
tourist may have his share of sport for 
the few weeks he is there and there will 
be no lack of continuous supply, but so far 
as possible, let not the level of the water 
be interfered with or prepare for lean 
years. 

These reservations have been establish- 
ed. Have reasonable measures been adop- 
ted for their protection ? Have their boun- 
daries been established by proper surveys 
and well opened and blazed lines, cut out 
around them ? If not this is of the very 
first importance, and a sufTicient staff of 
elKcient men should be placed in charge 
without delay, with proper provision made 
for their comfort. There is no necessity 
for their having to undergo any hardships 
whatever. Let it be their duty to con- 
stantly patrol the woods and waters, and 
rigidly enforce the law against all tres- 
passers. Allow no fire arms of any des- 
cription within a reservation except they 
be in the hand of the lawful guardians. The 
cry is heard from some that it is necessa- 
ry to carry fire arms to protect them- 
selves from wild animals. This pretext 
may be answered with the single word 
"Rot." It is seldom indeed that we hear 
of any person having an encounter with 
either a bear or wolf, and unless in the 
event of getting in too close contact be- 
tween a mother bear and her young cubs 
or a band of starving wolves when other 
food is scarce, and such cases are of rare 
occurrence, one never hears of any trouble, 
and moreover, pleasure seekers seldom go 
into the woods singly. My experience with 
those animals, and I feel that I am voic- 
ing the sentiments of nearly all eld woods- 
men, is that it is generally the last of the 
animal that is the first seen, and when you 
see a youth going into the woods armed 
to the teeth and looking suspiciously be- 
hind every bush you may safely spell the 
word "tenderfoot," m large capitals. 

Let there never be any hunting or tak- 
ing of any kind of game in any of the res- 
ervations, except the wolf and fox, and 
permit no one but the legal guardians to 
hunt even them. They, in their rounds. 



will soon be able to locate the principal 
haunts of all the former and know just 
where to place traps or lay out other al- 
lurements for Jlr. Wolf. They should also 
be able to locate every beaver pond and 
deer yard. 

We submit that the killing of bears 
should also be prohibited. There is noth- 
ing in any of them that they can possibly 
injure, and their hide now constitutes one 
of our most valuable furs. 

But the preservation of the game is 
only a matter of secondary importance in 
comparison to the value of the timber 
which can by taking reasonable precau- 
tions, be saved , from destruction by fire. 
In the northern parts of what is now gen- 
erally referred to as New Ontario there are 
millions of acres of land which can never 
be of any valwe for agriculture, but in 
which there is a mine of wealth in the 
timber. True there are not the immense for- 
ests of gigantic pine and other valuable 
timber that the older sections of the pro- 
vince with its richer soil produces, but 
wherever fire has not penetrated there are 
heavy forests of valuable timber. There is 
no variety which does not command a 
ready sale at remunerative prices either on 
a river bank or railway ,£iding and by its 
enhanced value the profits are as large as 
they have been at any former period. As a 
matter of fact timber that could scarcely 
be given away, but was left to rot in the 
woods, thirty years ago. now yields as 
large a profit to the producer as the best 
white pine did at that period. 

Vast forests of valuable timber and 
large sections of country were laid waste 
by fire during the construction of the C. 
P. R. This should not have been, and 
would not have taken place had reasonable 
precautions been taken. Instead of all 
trees being felled if possible into the cen- 
tre of the track and there piled up and 
burned, care being taken to prevent the fire 
from spreading, it looks as if as much as 
possible had been felled ofi the right of 
way and only those which could not be 
more readily disposed of burned, leaving 
all the rest a tinder box, a ready recept- 
acle for the first spark. 

Another transcontinental line is about 
to be constructed through an unbroken 
wilderness containing untold wealth of val- 
uable timber. Let the Government see to 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



39 



il thai such precautions are adopted as 
will effectually 'prevent any such disasters 
as followed the construction of the C.P.R. 

The primary object had in view when 
those Reservations were established was 
the preservation of the forest from de- 
struction by fire, thereby securing a more 
regular and heavy rain fall and securing a 
larger flow of water' in our rivers to make 
up for the drying up of small streams and 
springs in the settled parts of the coun- 
try, and provide a harbor of refuge, 
where our magnificent game animals could 
bring forth, and raise their young, without 
danger of being molested by either hun- 
ter or hound, mongrel dog or "poor set- 
tler," and the experience of the Algonquin 
Park, the only cne which has at all been 
under supervision has amply borne out the 
expectations of their promoters. There is 
scarcely a city in the Dominion where 
larger sums are not annually expended in 
taking care of and beautifying their ,parks 
than either has been, or is likely to be re- 
quired for the preservation of our Forest 
Reservations. True we may observe few 
direct profitable results in a life time, but 
it is a laying up of wealth for all future 
generations, a case of "casting bread up- 
on the yaters" of "where one shall sow 
and another reap." 

The cry is constantly heard, that these 
reservations are a harbour of refuge for 
carniverous as well as herbiverous ani- 
mals, and as well let the poor settler go 
in and kill the deer as allow the wolf an 
unmolested ■' feast. In answer to this and 
all such arguments we would say there is 
a large bounty on the wolf's scalp. The 
guardians will, and are destroying as 
many, as they can. They are open to de- 
struction by any cne on the reservations. 
We should say, let any person go and kill 
them, especially him who will furnish reas- 
onable security that he will not molest any 
other animal. Apart from that we would 
affirm, leave Nature to itself, and you will 
seldom find the balance destroyed. I am 
tolerably familiar with many of the haunts 
01 our wild animals, and I have never 
known aiu! have yet to meet the individual 
who could point out a single instance 
where 'Wolves had killed out the deer until 



the "pc)or settler " or deer skin hunter ex- 
tended a helping hand. 

While there is not an individual, who 
has lived for any length of time, and been 
at all observant in parts otthe country 
where deer abound, but will bear me out 
in the assertion that to hounding and in- 
discriminate slaughter by the civilised 
white man, is to be ascribed the scarcity 
of deer along the borders of our settle- 
ments today. 

Administer the game laws rigorously. 
.Vbolish hounding altogether in every part 
of the province. Give it a trial for say 
ten years, and the deer will have so in- 
creased in numbers that there will be no de- 
sire to return to the present evil practice. 

Also, and here I know I 4,m venturing 
on very thin ice, forbid the use qf the long 
range rifle. Will any experienced hunter 
have the hardihood to assert that there 
are more deer brought down, gun for gun, 
now with the six or eight hundred 
yard Winchester than there were with the 
old muzzle loader good for only one hun- 
dred and fifty yards, of thirty years ago ? 
Will any one have the hardihood to assert 
that' more deer are not wounded and then 
lost to the hunter with his hounds and long 
range rifle with which he keeps banging a- 
way so long as the quarry remains in 
sight, or until the magazine is exhausted, 
than by the still hunter who never raises 
his rifle unless he knows the game is well 
within range, and the chances for a dead 
shot reasonably good. 

No doubt the man with the dog will se- 
cure the greatest number, with the least 
expenditure of muscle. But that is not the 
point. The grand question is to devise 
such a scheme as will assure a reasonable 
amount of sport, without either killing out 
or driving away the game, or killing the 
hunters and guides. 

The deer are never chased out of the 
country by the still hunter. Make it un- 
lawful to kill a female at any time. They 
are easily distinguished from the males by 
the antlers which aie at their prime dur- 
ing the hunting season. One more, and an 
urgent reason against hounding. When a 
deer has been chased for an hour or two 
and then shot down when its blood is 
heated up. its flesh is not fit for food. Or 



40 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



chase a pregnant doe, . and let her plunge 
into ice cold water, aaid in nine cases out 
of ten there will ensue an abortion. 

It is sincerely to be hoped that an effi- 
cient staff of good active men will be 
maintained on each of the reservations to 
ensure them immunity from poachers, and 
also to guard them against fire. Not only 
does a forest fire destroy the timber, it 
burns up the vegetable mould as well, 
leaving large sections which would other- 
wise be clothed in verdure, nothing but a 
mass of bare rocks. Keep of? fires, let no 
timber be cut until it has attained suffi- 
cient size to make it of a real commercial 
value, and then under proper supervision. 
If such conditions are maintained, there 
will be no necessity for reforesting. Leave 
Nature to herself; trust her and she will 
respond handsomely. 

There was another reason had in view- 
when the setting aside of those forest re- 
servations was first completed, viz., that 
they would in time become health resorts 
or sanitariums. 

They are all at good elevation above 
oeean level, composed of alternating moun- 
tain and valley. The air is of the purest. 
No stagnant water or decaying vegetable 
matter. 

Let families afflicted with baulky stom- 



ach, sluggish livers or weak lungs pack up 
and hie them to some lake shore, take 
tents, a good supply of bedding and a 
small culinary outfit, also a small tin tent 
stove, so as to have a fire on a rainy day; 
let them take a canoe and fishing tackle, 
a supply of plain food. Several home lux- 
uries may be advantageously dispensed 
with. They can either locate a permanent 
lanip or itinerate for the whole season. 
They need not hesitate to spread their 
bedding with only a few balsam boughs be- 
tween them and mother earth ; or dread a 
call from any noxious or dangerous rep- 
tile ; there are none. Just try it for a 
few weeks, the lungs each moment inhal- 
ing the pure air laden with the fragrance 
of the woods, and you will see what won- 
derful recuperating powers are laying dor- 
mant in the average human frame, and 
which living a little closer to nature will 
awaken into life. 

We venture to say that few will return 
to their city homes without being ready 
to say: 

"The little gray leaves have been kind to 
us, 
The olive tree had a mind to us ; 
The thorn hush it was kind to us, 
When into the woods we came." 



♦♦♦ 



Serious notice has been taken of the 
slaughter of a herd of 11 moose in the 
country at the north end of Lac Dumont 
by a party of well known Indians from 
Maniwaki. This slaughter was principally 
for the sake of the skins, as the Indians 



being too lazy to take the meat out left 
the greater pari of it in the bush to spoil. 
The fact of the slaughter being known and 
reproved in ofTicial quarters should have a 
deterrant effect on anything of the kind in 
iuturc. 



♦♦♦ 



A Fine Northland Trip. 



For those who have no time to take 
the Hudson Bay trip there is a veary good 
and interesting one to be made via Matta- 
wa and Temiskaniing on the Canadian Pa- 
cific Railway, by the Lumsden Line of 
steamers to the head of Lake Temiskani- 
ing, and thence by bark canoe to Grand 
Lake Victoria, where is the nearest typical 
Hudson Bay post. There you find the 
shrewd, quiet, persevering Hudson Bay 



factor, you find the primitive Indian, and 
the missionary. The short summer is the 
Indian's long vacation; his hard work of 
trapping is done in the winter. In the 
race between the six fathomed canoes, 
which we illustrate below, we have one of 
the most interesting exhibitions an athlet- 
ics, which, with the Indian, are very much 
like those practised by his white brother. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



41 




TllK HACK. 



Nolo Ihc Sturdy strokes of the winners, 
and the demoralised and disorganised ac- 
tions of those in the rear boat. 

These Indians are very good types. 
Thev live in a country where moose 



This is a most successful moose photo. 

A paddle of 256 miles brings one to 
Grand Lake Victoria, and on that paddle 
one is likely to see more deer than he has 
ever seen in his life before. We give a 




FOUR AGES OF MOOSE. 



abounds. In our next picture we see lout couple of illustrations oi the running of 

ages of these animals, three cows of dif- rapids under the guidance of these skilful 

ferent ages, and a bull with his head in Oiibwavs 
the bottom pulling out the lily pads. 



42 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




KrNNINT, THE KAI'IDS. 




NO NKKD 1-OK SWIMMING. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



4,1 



Tliey are generally men who cannot 
swim, but very rarely indeed, do they need 
to swim, so thoroughly well do they man- 
age their craft. 

Our last illustration reminds us of a 
famous scene pictured in the New Testa- 
ment. The Indians have sjathered to wit- 



while he addresses his audience, exhorting 
them to be consistent Christians, and to 
lead good lives, during his absence from 
amongst them. 

The Indian, whether Christian or Pagan, 
is a strong believer in immortality— a fu- 
ture happy life for all good Indians. For 




THK MISSIOX.\RV S DEPARTUKK. 

ness the missionary's departure for one year that reason Indians have never ^een afraid 
irom their midst. The missionary is stand- of death— they look upon it as ushering 
ing up in the canoe, a little off the shore. them into a future happy life. 

♦♦♦ 

A Few Notes on Salmon Fishing. 

Hv W.AI.TER GKK.AN'KS. 



Some guides claim that it is little use 
to fish before the sun strikes the water. I 
have, however, found this to be an error 
on their part, as I have caught quite a 
number of fish as early as five o'clock, — 
or just about sunrise; and, in fact, before 
it was on the water. Guides are often 
mistaken and set in their notions about 
many such matters, and I have often prov- 
ed to them that salmon lay in water 
where they said they never knew any to be 
but advised me to pass over. With re- 
gard to flies, too. I find that they are pre- 
judiced and limited in their ideas,— usually 
recommending about half a dozen well- 
known patterns. These flies often take 



well (they will take on any water, gener- 
ally) but there are times when an entirely 
different pattern and size is required to 
move a fish. For my part I do not place 
too much reliance on the opinions of guides 
in matters of this kind, as they do not go 
into the sport scientifically, — many of 
them, in fact, cannot tie a really good sal- 
mon fly. :Most of them also would not 
recommend a fly dressed on a smgle hook, 
but believe that double hooks are the only 
ones on which you can stand any chance of 
landing s, salmon. Now, I have used 'both, 
and believe that one is just as good as the 
other. I have lost and landed fish on both 
single and double hooks, and I fail to see 



44 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



that one possesses any advantage over 
the other. If there is any, I have not yet 
discovered it, and it is not through the 
the want of trying. In New Brunswick 
nearly all the fishermen I have met use 
double hooks. I wish some ol the salmon 
fishermen who read this article would kind- 
ly give us their ideas on this subject, so 
far as Quebec salmon fishing is concerned. 
My experience is confined chiefly to New 
Brunswick, and is also somewhat limited, 
perhaps, although I am, by no means, pre- 



judiced. I have read a good deal on the 
subject, but not with regard to Canada. I 
know salmon fishermen who fish every 
year on the north shore of the St. Law- 
rence and, who prefer the double hook, 
(would not, in fact, use anything else), 
but then they represent only a very few of 
the sportsmen who visit those waters. 
They may not and likely have not given 
the single hook a fair trial, if they have 
even tried it at all. 



Yachting on Lake Huron. 



The Chicago Yacht Club have made 
Desbarats its northernmost station and call- 
ed it No. 4. There are one hundred islands 
near Desbarats which make a splendid 
land locked harbor, an ideal place for a 
five or six miles yacht race, as from the 
high points on the shore such a race can 
be seen 'by spectators from start to finish. 
Desbarats is growing yearly in pcupularity. 
The land is controlled by a few people, 
and the efforts made to attract a good 
class of social visitors have lieen success- 



ful, so that the chance of getting an ob- 
jectionable population is very small. The 
place can he reached both by the Canadian 
Pacific Railway, and by steamers on the 
Great Lakes. The Hiawatha Camp Hotel 
IS quite close to the dock at which the 
steamers call, and the burgee of the Chi- 
cago Yacht Club- may be seen flying from 
its flagstaff. \Ve give an illustration of the 
finish of a pretty race between the schoon- 
er belonging to 5Ir. Keetch. of Thessalon, 
Ont., and Mr. Pobie's sloop. 






A GOOD K.\CE. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



45 



The race was very exciting, and the 
merits of the two boats were not decided, 
as the schooner touched a mud bank, and 
was delayed by just about the time she 
was beaten. Both boats were well sailed. 



Another very exciting race was between 
boats of the Chicago Yacht Club from 
Mackinaw City to Desbarats, and in the 
seventy miles run the winner scored by less 
than four minutes. 



•>»>•> 



Sports Afloat ! 



BEING A SECTION DEVOTED TO THOSE WHO 
BRAVE WIND AND WAVE, IN WHITE- 
WINGED YACHT OR DAINTY CANOE. 
IN FRAGILE SHELL OR SWIFT 
POWER BOAT. 



EDITED B \' LOUIS M A R A I S. 




CAPTAIN RE(i. RLOMFIEI.D 
Of ihe Toronto Cnnoe Club, the A. C. A. Champion in his new De.Tn Single. 

About the Popular Dinghy. 



Toronto is the dinghy center of the 
continent. In no sailing center, of the entire 
northern hemisphere, are there so many 
boats of one design, or practically one de- 
sign. The fad for dinghies became a craze 
three years ago, and there are now owned 
in and around Toronto over 200 dinghies, 
from twelve to eighteen footers. Over 85 



per cent, of these are of the li foot class 
fostered by the Lake Sailing Skifi Asso- 
ciation. 

Outside of the city the mosquitoes are 
securing a strong hold, in all directions. 
In Muskoka there are scores of them, and 
almost every little lake, that has a sum- 
mer resort of anv size, boasts of a cou- 



46 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



pie of the little fellows. In Cobourg and 
Port Hope enthusiasts are using them for 
knooking about the harbors, and they are 
obtaining a hold in the Bay of Quinte and 
down the St. Lawrence. 

Oswego did not have any last year, but 
at Sodute Bay, Charlotte, Olcott Beach, 
and at the little summer resorts along the 
American shore, the Canadian built article 
has secured a hold. 

In Toronto Bay all the yacht and skiff 
clubs pay particular attention to the lit- 
tle boats. In fact one club consists en- 
tirely of dinghy sailors and their crews, 
■while the Toronto Canoe Club members 
took such a deep interest in the new craft, 
that the leaders of the organization were 
constrained to take cognizance of the ex- 
istence of the predilection by the forma- 
tion of a dinghy section, and by applying 
for membership in the Lake Sailing Skiff 
Association, the governing body, in order 
that their fast dinghies might go out and 
do or die in the dinghy championship 
races. The Canoe Club itself gives two 
trophies each year for the best average in 
a series of races and each club on the bay 
has from five to seven events for dinghies 
alone. In addition to the L. S. S. A. 
dinghy championships each club on the bay 
holds an open dinghy race each season. 



DINGHY RACES EXCITING. 

An open dinghy race on a fine day is a 
thing of inspiring beauty to the amateur 
sailor, and something long to be remem- 
bered even by the land lubber. 

Bang ! 

The five minute gun ! 

Out in the bay a score or two of the lit- 
tle fellows, with their high peaked sails, 
are fluttering like a flight of swallows a- 
round the starting flag, trying the breeze 
and gauging distances in preparation for 
the flying start. At club house floats three 
or four belated competitors are hastily 
kicked away from the wharf, to hoist their 
canvas as they bob about in the choppy 
little seas kicked up by a moderate breeze 
off the northwest. Away across the bay 
a couple of tardy contestants are strain- 
ing every inch of fabric bucking across to 
the starting line. 

Thirty seconds more" ! 

The l-.oats pull away from the buoy for 



their last flight down upon it, before the 
start. 

Fifteen seconds ! 

Some are still nervously jockeying a- 
round the mark. 

Ten seconds ! 

The full score and a half seems to be 
converging in a bunch on one small flag. 

Five seconds ! 

The timorous ones lose their nerve at 
the superb moment, and turn back, and the 
l)umping commences. Snowy sails tip to 
and fro in the collisions, and here and 
there, some disgruntled starter tears his 
boat loose from the bunch, determined to 
get away unhampered and on his own 
hook, while the veterans at the game stand 
steadily on for the mark, each confident of 
iiis own judgment of distance, and each 
man with the starboard tack aboard,— the 
right of way. 

On they plunge for the mark, the 
spume, tossed right and left, glittering in 
the sunlight and the crowd on the club 
balconies hold their breaths. 

Bang ! The starting signal. 

It's a start and, four or five old hands, 
the cracks of each club — Gocderham ^nd 
.Sweatman from the R. C. Y. C, McQuil- 
lan and Forrest from the Canoe Club, Phe- 
land and Phillips and Howard from the 
Queen City, with Bobby Bryan and Young 
Riley from the National— are well up, when 
high above the swish of the broken water, 
comes a wild whoop from well-plucked new 
comer in the game. He is coming down on 
the mark with a small gale lifting his boat 
half out of the water. He is on the inside 
and shouts for room on the buoy. Those 
just on the mark— they are all crowding it 
closely— ,bear away and immediately there 
is the rasping and grinding of much bump- 
ing. 

Does the new comer ease up and lay a- 
way around the bunch ? 

Not much ! He piles into the moil of 
varnished craft, belter skelter, cuts them 
out on the flag, and is away, with the 
wind over the quarter, for the island buoy, 
leaving the veterans all a-flurry around the 
mark, with the second flight piling into the 
muss, with every fleeting second. There are 
;ouls galore, but gradually the tangle is 
straightened out, and away they go, hot 
on the heels of the leader. Here and there 
an odd skipper luffs a boat that threatens 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



47 



to pass him, but the majority leave their 
neighbours alone, and strain every nerve, 
and bring every faculty to bear, in an ef- 
fort to catch the wild harum-scarum out 
in front. 

It is a gybe at the first buoy, with a 
husky squally northwest wind astern. 

The man in front tries it and turns a 
flip. In a second the overturned boat and 
ihe bobbing crew of two. are in the midst 
of a dozen boats. No one stops. Two or 
three lose their nerve, and overstanding the 
buoy, come about, and start for the sec- 
ond mark, but those who are out to win, 
take a chance and gybe, saving valuable 
seconds. Another boat capsizes and the 
unfortunates seat themselves upon their 
overturned craft, and await rescue. 

The third leg is a beat to weather, and 
there the skill of the counts and the fleet 
strings out. The second round is interest- 
ing only to those who know the tine points 
of the game, and can criticize the work 
of the helmsman, as he takes advantage of 
the favorable slants and works himself up 
toward the leadership. Here and there is 
an odd battle of two boats that is fought 
out right up to the finishing flag, but the 
majority of the finishes are too well defin- 
ed in position to leave room for argument. 

These dinghies are grand little boats. 
They are both safe, handy and fast, and are 
producing a good class of young sailors. 

For the benefit of outside readers I 
give the dimensions of these boats and the 
restrictions under which they are built: — 
Length overall. 14 feet maximum. 
Beam maximum 5 feet 6 inches, minimum 
5 feet. 
Depth, minimum, 16 inches. 

Area of largest vertical cross section, 
875 square inches minimum. 

Sail area, maximum, 140 square feet. 

Planking, minimum, f inch, thick. 
Ribs — minimum Ixf inch, spaced 12 inch 
centres or its equivalent. 

Dinghies to be clinker built, to show 
lands of not less than one half the thick- 
ness of the planking. 

The minimum width of decking to be not 
less than 8 inches in decked boats, but if 
built without decking then 3 inches must 
be added to the depth and 180 square inch- 
es to the area of the largest vertical cross 
section. 

Crew— Two men must be carried. 



THE NEW RAC'l.NG MODEL. 
This year's dinghies are as near racing 
machines as the L. S. S. A. regulations 
will allow. In 1903-1004 the dinghies 
built were flat floored and hard bilged. 
They had plenty of stability and power for 
such tiny craft. This year, following the 
success of Norman R. Gooderham last year 
in an experimental dinghy built with an 
unusual amount of dead-rise and slack 
bilges, the new ones are being built on 
lines that promise more speed reaching 
and running. The new boats will be more 
"tender" .than the old ones and must be 
watched more carefully. 

The vice-commodore's flag of the Queen 
City Yacht club is flown from a dinghy, 
but then that dinghy, to live up to the 
glory of the triangle at its masthead, is 
the handsomest dinghy on the bay. Vice- 
Commodore Leadlay docs not sail his 
dinghy very often. Neither was he found 
often afloat when he owned the power 
launch Juanita. He may not be an expert 
hand with a marlin-spike and it might 
floor him to locate a center of effort or 
determine the amount of lateral resistance 
in any craft yet ,he is a thoroughly good 
fellow and is popular with the boys of the 
club. At committee meetings he is silent 
but his advice ii always sound and his 
quiet encouragement to the new members 
is a feature of his club strength. 
♦♦♦ 
THE LIVELY T. C. C. MEN. 

At this distance, the Toronto Canoe 
Club's season looks just about the liveli- 
est thing in the myriad of things acquatic 
that keep young Toronto employed each 
summer. The official programme is cram- 
med full of good things, and the paddlers 
are as busy as bees. There are fifty-two 
applications alone for positions upon the 
war canoe crews. 

Just think of it— fifty-two men fighting, 
primarily for nine seats in war canoe No. 
1, and the 41 remaining, after the first 
crew is picked, for a position on the sec- 
ond crew ! 

That certainly is a good healthy sign. 
The cool weather however is retarding the 
men in their work. It is impossible for 
Captain Blomfield to get the men out in 
the raw weather that prevailed during the 
early part of Hay, but, as the first war 
canoe race outside the club is not schedul- 



4 8 



ROD AND GL'N IN CANADA 



ed until July 1, the paddlers in the big 
boats will probably be in shape. The work 
oi weeding out the crews falls to the lot 
of Captain Blomfield, who is most faithful 
in his attendance upon the aspirants for 
the war canoe crews. 

.'Vrt McNichol, ex-champion of the club 
will be found in a racing craft again this 
summer. He has been down at the club 
several times lately and has announced his 
intention of getting into shape once mere. 
He is bigger than ever and should be just 
as dangerous as of yore. Cadieux, Black- 
burn, Corson, McMurtry, Brent and Law- 
lor will again paddle single this summer, 
and several new fours are in course of or- 
ganization 

The clubhouse itself has been almost 
completely re-vamped. The wharf had been 
placed in first class shape, the ladies suite 
remodelled, the entire clubhouse re-decora- 
ted, and the balcony will display even 
more flowers than usual. 

The club membership has increased over 
a hundred members this spring, the largest 
influx on record. The club now has a mem- 
bership of 550, and is the largest and most 
prosperous canoe club in the world. The 
550 members store over 200 canoes at the 
clubhouse, and there are many owned by 
club members kept outside the club. In ad- 
dition the club has a fleet of sailing] ding- 
hies that does not have to take a back seat 
in point of numbers or qualities to any 
fleet on the lake. There are about 25 
dinghies and, when the canoe club's crack 
sailors stack up against the best men in 
the other clubs, they can usually show 
home in the first flight. 



THE CANADA'S CUP BOATS. 

With the launching of Canada's three 
candidates for the Canada's Cup challenge 
trial races, and the christening of the trio 
of American Cup defenders, another inter- 
national contest may be said to have en- 
tered upon its final stage. This year's 
competition means much for the yacht de- 
signers of three schools. In this year's 
trophy races the pick of the yacht design- 
ers of three countries are pitted against 
each other. 

The Rochester men are to the fore with 
boats from the boards of Gardiner and 
Cox and C. H. Herreshoff, two of the best 



of the young designers in the republic, and 
an amateur design from Pembroke Bros, of 
Rochester. 

Canada relies upon Fife, the great 
Scotchman, Mylne. a young fellow-Scot, 
who has ideas oi his own in yacht design- 
ing, and an amateur 'built boat designed by 
Johnston of Hamilton in conjunction with 
E. H. Fearnside. one oi Hamilton's best 
sailors. 

The man who wins out will benefit 
Sreatly by the contest. 

The Cup has never yet been successfully 
ilefended, and Canuck hopes are high. 

The Rochesterians have been on uneasy 
street lately lest the great Aemilius Jar- 
vis be placed at the helm of the cup chal- 
lenger, 'by the R. C. Y. C. He won't sail 
the cup-hunting Canuck craft. With Jarvis 
out of the race the men over the way 
promise to utilize a bona-fide club mem- 
ber as a racing skipper. It hurts a little 
when they are reminded that they had to 
ransack the States to secure a skipper 
clever enough to make a faster boat beat 
Jarvis on Strathcona. 



NEW BOATS AT TORONTO. 

The Toronto harbor fleet will not have 
any important additions this season out- 
side of the two Canada's cup boats. Mer- 
rv thought. ex-Commodore Jarvis' cutter, 
comes out of a year's retirement, while 
Vreda. the Watson cutter which won the 
L. Y. R. A. first class championship, will 
remain dismantled. 

The R. C. Y. C. will get two new 16- 
loot knockabouts, but loses the canoe- 
yawl and the knockabout Doris. The new 
ones are owned by M. R. Gcoderham and 
Sinclair Robertson. Both are Crowninshield 
boats. 

The Q. C. Y. C. adds six this year- 
Doris and the canoe-yawl from the R. C. 
Y. C. Halcyon, a 22-foot knockabout se- 
cured by Hales & Underwood, Dawson 
Bros, new knockabout, Schmidts new deep 
draft, and Caterpillar, a 16-footer, bought 
by J. W. Commeford, jr. 

The Nationals new- list is confined to 
dinghies, except for the new IB-footer built 
by Lowe Bros., to aid in the detence of the 
Walker Cup won last year by Spencer El- 
lis' Skirmisher. 

♦♦♦ 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



49 



A BOOM IN" THE EAST. 
Yachting is booming down the Bay oi 
(^uinte aad in the St. Lawrence this yeai. 
The Belleville Yacht Club has been rein- 
carnated into an active organization, and 
the Picton Yacht Club is gathering a lit- 
tle fleet down the reach. Kingston has a 
fad for 20 footers and Gananoque's new club 
will have a fleet of almost a score, some 
of them Ow^en-designed 20-footers. 

<►♦♦ 

THE MOTOR BOAT FAD. 
Motor boating is the latest aquatic fad 
in Toronto. The "Choo-Choo" boats nev- 
er had such a run in the city before. There 
will be fully 100 new motor boats on the 
bay this season. The local shops and 
agencies cannot handle the trade. There is 
a heavy demand for motor boats from 18 
to 30 feet long equipped with from 3 to 25 
horse power motors. The relative merits 
of single or two cylinder motors, jump or 
make and break sparks, needle or ordinary 
carburettors, are being discussed as freely 
along the water front and in the yacht 
clubs today as questions of build and rig 
of sailing craft were in former years. All 
yacht clubs encourage the motor boat 
man, and with the arrival of a couple of 
fast boats comes a revival of a movement 
for a handicap race for motor boats. 



TORONTO ACQUATIC PROGRAMMES. 
The extent to w-hich Torontonians are 
devoted to yachting and sailing of all de- 
scriptions is well illustrated by their club 
programmes. 

The season's schedules of the four prin- 
cipal yacht clubs and the Toronto Canoe 
club follow: 

QUEEN CITY YACHT CLUB. 

May 24— Dinghies for the Teddy Evans 
trophy. 

May 27— First class. 

June 3—16 foot class and specials. 

June 10—16 foot ballasted class and 
mackinaws. 

June 17—16 foot class, dinghies. 

June 24— Clnb cruise. 

July 1— Lake Sailing Skiff Assn. regat- 
ta at N. Y. and S. C. course. 

July 8— First class, specials, open race 
for dinghies. 

July 15— Mackinaws and specials. 



July 22—16 foot ballasted class, and 
dinghies. 
July 29— Cruise for all classes. 

Aug. 5 — Dinghies. 

Aug. 12—16 foot class. 

Aug. 19— Open date. 

Aug. 26— First class, mackinaws, spec- 
ials. 

Sept. 2— Cruise for all classes. 

Sept. 9— Dinghies and 16 footers. 

Sept. l(i— Open regatta. 

Sept. 23— .Specials, mackinaws and first 
class. 

The club cups for the best average will 
be distributed as follows : — 

World Cup— Mackinaws. 

Dodd Cup— Special class. 

Tupper iCup— First class. 

Smith Cup— 16 foot class. 

Commeford Cup— Dinghies. 

NATIONAL YACHT AND SKIFF CLUB. 

May 24—14 toot dinghies, 16 foot ski£fs 
and specials. 

May 27— Cruise around the Island for all 
classes. 

June 10— Dinghies, 16 foot skifJs and 
specials. 

June 24— Dinghies, 16 foot skiffs. 

July 1— Lake Sailing Skifl Association 
Regatta at the club course. 

July 8— Cruise to Port Credit for all 
classes. 

July 15— Dinghies, 16 footers and spec- 
ials. 

July 29— Hallam Cup for all classes— a 
handicap. 

Aug. 5— Cruise to Oakville for Whinton 
for all classes. 

Aug. 19— Dinghies, 16 footer and spec- 
ials. 

Sept. 2— Cruise, destination not yet de- 
cided. 

Sept. 9— Spanner Cup for the special 
class. 

A cup will be given to the boat making 
the best average in each class, in addition 
to the trophies specifically mentioned in 
the club programme. 

ROYAL CANADIAN YACHT CLUB. 

June 3— Cruising race for the fleet in 
two divisions; 30 foot class. 

June 10—16 foot ballasted class; 14 foot 



so 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



and 12 foot iliiiirhies; 30 foot class. 

June 17— Cruising race, fleet in two div- 
isions; 30 fool class. 

June 21—30 foot class; 16 foot ballasted 
class; 14 and 12 foot dinghies. 

July 1— Queens Cup race oft Hamilton; 
16 foot ballasted class, 14 and 12 foot 
dinghies; 30 foot class. 

July S— Handicap Class, fleet in two 
divisions; 30 foot class. 

July 15—30 foot class, 16 foot ballasted 
class, 14 and 12 foot dinghies. 

July 22 and following days— Trial races 
for the selection of the Canadas Cup chal- 
lenger. 

July 29— Cruising races fleet in two div- 
isions; 30 foot class; 16 foot ballasted 
class, 14 and 12 foot dinghies. 

Aug. 5— 25. foot class, 20 foot class, 

Aug. 12-19— Canadas Cup races off Char- 
lotte. 

Aug. 26—16 foot ballasted class, 14 and 
12 foot dinghies, 25 foot class, 20 foot 

class. 

Sept. 2— Cruising race fleet in two div- 
isions. 

Sept, 9— Prince of Wales Cup entire 
fleet, 16 foot ballasted class, 14 and '12 
foot dinghies. 

Sept. 16— Handicap cruising race, entire 
fleet. 

There will be a race for the 30 foot 
class every Wednesday afternoon during 
June and July. 
TORONTO CANOE CLl B PROGRAMME. 

Friday, May 19— Ladies' night, under 
direction of House Committee. 

Saturday, May 27— Club dinghy race, 
first of two races, series "A." 

Saturday, June 3— Novice single, tan- 
dem relay; junior fours. Shea Medals, first 
heat; war canoe race. 

Saturday, June 10— Single blade junior, 
tandem handicap. Shea Trophy, first heat; 



double blade single novice, Humber for 
supper — big, doings, 

Saturday, June 17— Club dinghy race, 
linal, series "A"; tandem handicap, Shea 
Trophy, second heat; junior fours. Shea 
^ledals, second heat; double blade, tandem 
handicap, ladies' night, under direction of 
House Committee. 

Wednesday, Juiie 21— Handicap fours, Dia- 
mond Hall Cup, first heat. 

Saturday, June 24 — Intermediate single, 
single blade relay, double blade fours. 

Wednesday, .June 2S.— Handicap fours, 
Piamond Hall Cup, second heat. 

S.Tturday, July 1— Dominion Day Regat- 
ga. particulars later. 

Saturday, July 8— Annual regatta, club 
dinghy race, special Commodore's Prize ; 
single blade, open ; junior fours, final. Shea 
Medals; double blade tandem handicap, 
single blade tandem, open; handicap fours, 
linal, .diamond Hall Trophy; single blade 
tandem handicap, final. Shea Trophy; sin- 
gle blade fours, open; double blade fours, 
open; war canoe race, Wanless Trophy. 

Saturday, July 15— Trip to Humber' ball 
game. 

Saturday, July 22 — Afternoon of water 
sports, particulars later; war canoe race. 

Saturay, July 29— Club dinghy race, the 
first of series B; junior double blade one 
mile championship. 

Aug. 4 to IS— A. C. A. meet. Sugar Is- 
land. 

Saturday, Aug. 19— Club dinghy race, 
second of series B; war canoe race around 
the Island. 

Saturday, Aug. 26— .\fternoon of water 
sports. 

Saturday, Sept. 9— Fall regatta, final 
dinghy race, series B; international double 
blade, single blade championship, tandem 
championship, fours championship, fours 
double blade race, open; war canoe race, 
open. 



Salmon Fishing in Canada. 



Bv K. r. I). CHAMBERS. 



The various members of the salmon fam- flesh as for their splendid fighting powers, 
ily are conspicuous among the finny tribes, elegance of coloring and symmetry of form; 
as well for the delicious quality of their but more so than any others of the family 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



51 



is the Salino Salar, or common Atlantic 
salmon, which Cuvier has appropriately 
placed at their head. 

A hundred years ago, salmon abounded 
in all the rivers of America flowing into 
the northern Atlantic, from the Hudson 
included, northwards, including all the 
tributaries of the St. Lawrence river 'and 
Lake Ontario. Spearing, netting, and 
other illegal methods of capture, aided by 
+he blocking of rivers by dams and the 
pollution of the water by sawdust and the 
chemical and other refuse of various fac- 
tories and mills, have efTectually brought 
about the disappearance of the king of 
fresh water fishes from almost every Am- 
erican river south of the Canadian border, 
and from every feeder of theiSt. Law- 
rence west of the Jacques Cartier. It 
cannot 'be doubted that nothing but their 
greater accessibility has preserved many 
of the present Canadian salmon rivers from 
the same spoilation. Their preservation is 
mainly due to the clubs or lessees by whom 
they have 'been fished in the open season 
and carefully guarded during the period in 
which the parent fish remained in fresh 
water before and after spawning opera- 
tions, though tlie efforts, in this direction, 
of wise legislation, fish wardens, piscicul- 
turists and fish and game protection clubs 
are not to be altogether overlooked. 

The Canadian rivers in which ,the sport 
of salmon fishing is practised by anglers, 
are found among those which flow into the 
Gulf and lower part of the river St. Law- 
rence, into the Bale des Chaleurs or the 
Atlantic ocean. The governments of the dif- 
ferent provinces of the Dominion, in virtue 
of a judgment of the Imperial Pri\T' Coun- 
cil, claim to be the owners of the rights 
to the salmon fishing in all navigable wat- 
ers, apart from those within the limits of 
lands originally granted by crown patents 
to their first holders, together with the 
right of fishing in such waters. This claim 
is still contested by the riparian holders, 
and it is probable that in time a test case 
will be taken to definitely settle the ques- 
tion, as many American and other anglers 
have paid large sums of money for lands 
bordering upon famous salmon streams, in 
the belief that the tenure of the property 
carries with it the right of fishing in the 
waters included within its limits. 

Almost all of the more accessible of the 



salmon rivers in undisputed possession of 
the governments of New Brunswick and 
Quebec are now under lease to clubs or in- 
dividual anglers. These leases are trans- 
ferable, and occasionally one of them may 
be picked up in the market, but never 
cheaply. Most of those still unleased are 
extremely difficult of access, such as those 
flowing into the Gulf of St. Lawrence from 
the interior of Labrador, near the western 
limits of the straits of Belle Isle. Though ! 
some of them have been badly poached for 
many years back, there are still many sal- 
mon in these! streams, which could be 
largely increased in number by careful pro- 
tection during a short term of years. 

Of the many beautiful salmon streams 
situated between the city of Quebec and 
the Straits of Belle Isle on the north 
shore of the St. Lawrence, several are al- 
ready leased to sportsmen, though a number 
are still the property of the Government 
of the Province of Quebec, which is ready 
to receive offers for them. Some of the 
finest salmon fishing in the world has been 
had on some of these north shore streams. 
In the Godbout, over forty salmon on one 
occasion, fell in a day to a single rod. In 
another season, five hundred fish were kill- 
ed in this river between June 15th ^nd 
July 15th. Twenty-five salmon have been 
kTiown to have been killed in one day in 
the Trinity River on a couple of rods. 
The former lessees of the Moisie once kill- 
ed 325 fish in two weeks, the average 
weight being eighteen pounds. In the 
same year, 202 salmon were killed in seven 
days in the Nalashquan by four rods, and 
the St. John river, in the same season 
yielded 1'18 salmon between the 18th of 
June and the 13th of July. Twenty, 
thirty, forty and even fifty fish have been 
killed with a single rod in less than as 
many hours'in the Kscoumains, one angler, 
according to Mr. Richard Nettle, having 
taken his fifty fish in two days' fishing. 
The fishing in this river has since become 
considerably affected by the construction 
of dams. 

The St. Paul or Esquimaux river is the 
most easterly stream of any importance on 
the north shore of the St. Lawrence, with- 
in the territory of Quebec. It is leased to 
Mr. James J. Hill for $500 a year, and is 
full of salmon, trout and ouananiche. In j 
former times, 52,000 salmon a year were , 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



netted in tlie mouth of this stream. Some 
or the neighboring rivers towards the east 
are still unleased, and may be had from 
the government. They include the Corke- 
wetpeche, the St. Augustine, the Little 
Meccatina, the Netaganui, the Musquarro 
and the Kegashka. Four of the most im- 
porlant rivers on this coast are the Moi- 
sie, the St. John, the Natashquan and the 
Romaine. For the last mentioned, Mr. E. 
C. Fitch, president of the Waltham Watch 
company, pays $1,000 a year, v^'hile Mr. 
J. J. Hill, the famous railway magnate, 
pays no less than $.3,000 a year for the 
St. John. The Natashquan is leased to a 
club of wealthy American anglers. The 
rapids are exceedingly wild and several 
fatalities to anglers have occurred in its 
waters, the large size of the fish in the 
river and the exciting character of the 
sport of fighting them in such violent 
water being always a great temptation to 
sportsmen. The Moisie is perhaps the 
most valuable of the north shore rivers. 
It was sold to its present owner for $30,- 
000, and there are those who believe that 
it would be cheap at $100,000. The local 
government claims the right to most of 
the fishing in this stream, and have let 
their supposed rights for $2,500 a year., 
though the courts have but recently decid- 
ed against their contentions. Some of the 
tributaries of the Saguenay are capital 
salmon rivers. Perhaps the best is the 
Marguerite, in which the present king, 
when he visited Canada many years ago as 
Prince of Wales, played a salmon which 
had been hooked for him, but did not suc- 
ceed in killing it. More fortunate than His 
Majesty have been the other members of 
the royal family who have fished in Can- 
ada. The present Prince of Wales and his 
regretted brother the late Duke of Clar- 
ence enjoyed excellent sport when they 
visited Canada as officers in the navy, 
during the residence at Ottawa of the then 
Marquis of Lome, and H. R. H. the Prin- 
cess Louise has to her credit one of the 
largest fish ever killed in Canada, a sal- 
mon of over fifty pounds taken by her in 
the Grand Cascapedia. 

In addition to the Marguerite, which is 
fished by Mr. Walter Brackett, the Boston 
artist, on one branch, and by the St. Mar- 
guerite Salmon Club on the other, good 
fishing is to be had in the St. Jean and A 



Wars Rivers, which are under lease to Mr. 
William Price of Quebec, and in the Eter- 
nity, a small stream, all of which are 
feeders of the Saguenay. 

Some of the American millionaires who 
pursue the sport of salmon fishing on the 
south shore rivers pay much more heavily 
for it than most of those who fish the 
north shore rivers. The Grand Cascapedia 
Salmon club, for instance, pays $10,000 
rental per annum to the Quebec govern- 
ment for its fishing waters, but some of 
the largest salmon ever killed on rod and 
line have been taken out of its waters. 
On the other hand, each membership share 
in the famous Restigouche Salmon club is 
worth at least $10,000, and the club has 
already expended over half a millio^i dol- 
lars in purchasing fishing rights, etc., 
besides the heavy annual rental which it 
pays for a number of other waters to both 
the New Brunswick and Quebec govern- 
ments. Some few fortunate individuals 
own or lease a few pools for private fish- 
ing on this noble river, for which, as a 
rule, very heavy prices have been paid, 
and on the New Brunswick side some 
private fishing rights may often be leased 
by anglers. Mr. Alex. Mowatt of Camp- 
bellton is in a position to give informa- 
tion on this subject. Thomas Murphy of 
Dalhousie, N.B., has sometimes salmon 
fishing to lease. So has Henry Bishop of 
Bathurst, N.B., who controls some of the 
pools of the lower Nepisiguit. 

After the Miramichi, one of the most 
famous salmon streams of New Brunswick, 
the fishing of which is under lease to pri- 
vate parties, perhaps the best waters in 
that Province for the king of fresh water 
fishes are those of the Tobique. Last year 
the members of the Tobique Salmon club 
killed some 350 fish, and many more were 
taken in private waters, including those 
controlled by Lord Strathcona. Mr. Allen, 
the head warden of the Tobique Salmon 
club, reports that with the increase of sal- 
mon in the river, many new pools are 
being discovered in it, principally on pro- 
perty controlled by the inhabitants, and 
they are bringing sportsmen to the river 
to fish, and thus obtaining employment for 
themselves at' a time when they are at 
leisure between the time of planting and 
harvesting their crops. Information re- 
garding these pools can be had from Mr. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



53 



H. E. Harrison, Inspector of Fisheries, 
-Maugerville, N.B., in whose care a letter 
might also be addressed to Mr. Allen. 

Mr. D. G. Smith of Chatham, N.B., 
fishery commissioner for New Brunswick, 
is also in a position to furnish facts re- 
specting anr reasonably priced salmon fish- 
ing that may be had in New Brunswick. 

Should any reader of this paper be for- 
tunate enough to lease salmon fishing, — to 
be favored with an invitation to fish sal- 
mon waters, — or to, risk the long journey 
to fish the wild unleased streams of Labra- 
dor or Newfoundland, and should be about 
to cast his salmon flies this summer for 
the first time in his existence, he will not 
object to a few words of advice concerning 
the choice of tackle and the method of 
handling it so as to secure the largest 
measure of sport and success. 

Some of the dainty salmon rods now 
used upon Canadian rivers are no larger or 
longer than many that are used in heavy 
trout fishing. I have in my possession an 
English greenheart rod of four joints, by 
a famous London maker, which was em- 
ployed by a noted Philadelphia angler some 
forty years ago upon a -north shore river, 
and which weighs, without the reel, four 
and a quarter pounds. Its length is over 
twenty-three feet. Discarding the two low- 
er joints, and substituting therefor one 
short 'butt made to fit on to the joint 
next the tip, it is still quite long enough 
and quite heavy enough for my use. Most 
Englishmen fishing salmon and a large 
proportion of Canadians as well, still use 
greenheart rods, though of very much 
lighter weight and, very much shorter than 
the old style tools. The American split- 
cane rod for salmon is that used by most 
American anglers, and some Canadians 
have adopted it as well. It is certainly 
very much less tiring to cast with, and 
does much better work in recovering a long 
line and in forcing a heavy fish than one 
would at first suppose, though for rapid 
heavy work, especially in rivers where it 
is necessary to use considerable force to 
prevent the fish from attempting to seek 
dangerous localities to the angler's tackle, 
when hooked, I prefer a somewhat heavier 
and stouter weapon. Under such circum- 
stances, a rod weighing twenty to twenty- 
two ounces, and seventeen to eighteen feet 
long is, in such circumstances, none too 



heavy for me. In the Newfoundland rivers, 
where the fish run comparatively small, 
and even in rivers like the Moisie, where, 
although they run very large, they can be 
always safely followed in canoe, I have 
much enjoyed killing salmon upon the 
lightest of rods, but wherever there is 
much wild water, as in the Trinity on the 
north shore, the Eternity which runs into 
the Saguenay, and in some of the south 
shore '.streams which might be mentioned, 
it is wise to use a rod that can be made 
to force a strong fish, if it becomes neces- 
sary to the salvation of the tackle to do 
so. The reel for salmon fishing must hold 
at least a hundred yards of line, and more 
if possible. The casting line should be as 
good as money can buy, and should be 
able to stand a strain of ten pounds dead 
weight. The names of the principal salmon 
flies are known to all familiar with the 
literature of angling. Canadian rivers are 
no exception to the rule that standard 
varieties are the most reliable. When the 
Salmon would rise at all, I have usually 
found that they would take either the Jock 
.Scot, the Silver Doctor or the Black Dose, 
no matter how many others were tried. 

Space will not permit the publication 
here of a treatise upon the art of salmon 
fishing, but the novice will not resent a 
few hints upon, and one or two illustra- 
tions of the fascinating nature of the 
sport. It is always well to remember that 
salmon usually lie in very clear water, and 
can often be plainly seen lying in the 
pools in which they are fished. It is there- 
fore of the utmost consequence that the 
pools should be carefully approached, so as 
to avoid alarming the fish. In fact I know 
of one river where the best pool must be 
approached almost in a crawling position, 
in order to escape being seen by the fish. 
The size of the fly to be used depends 
largely upon the condition of the water 
and weather. The fly is usually allowed 
to sink a little below the surface of the 
water, and to float adown and partly 
across the pool. Sometimes the fish takes 
the fly with a rush, but very often there 
is observed just a steady tension upon the 
line for a moment or two. before the dis- 
play of pyrotechnics commences. It is just 
at this stage that the novice may make 
one of two very serious mistakes, especial- 
ly if he he a seasoned trout fisherman. 



54 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



He may grasp the line together with the 
rod in his hand, as I once saw a friend do 
with his first salmon, and it was not his 
for even a moment longer. The salmon 
started to run and something had to give. 
It was the casting line. Others, while re- 
calling the warning not to touch the line 
^at all with the hand, cannot resist the 
habit of striking against the fish when 
they have a rise. This is all right in 
trout fishing, but in the case of salmon it 
not infrequently drags the fly from the 
mouth of the fish before the hook has been 
folt. The movement of the fish which is 
certain to occur very soon after the rise, 
if not immediately, drives the hook into 
its mouth without any action on the part 
of the angler. When the fish has felt the 
hook, the fun commences. It may immedi- 
ately leap high in air. More often it first 
runs out a long piece of line, sometimes 
halting for a second or two and then start- 
ing off again. The hundred yards or more 
upon the angler's reel may not be nearly 
enough for its runs, and the fisherman may 
have to follow his fish quite a distance to 
prevent the break of his line, especially if 
the salmon be strong and heavy and not 
easy to lead or turn. A canoe may be at 
hand and the water suitable for it, or it 
may be that the angler has to follow the 
fish through the water, wading it aa best 
he can, providing the banks are not suit- 
able for the purpose. The fish will often 
try hard to get the slack of the line, and 
some ingenuity is necessary to prevent 
thi's. Line should be taken in whenever 
there is any yield on the part of the fish, 
and given out again as grudgingly as pos- 
sible. When the strain on the fish grows 
tiresome, he will frequently leap out of the 
water, often several times in succession, in 
the endeavor to free himself of the hook. 
As the rod is, then liable to spring up 
somewhat towards, the tip, it should be 
lightly lowered as the fish falls back into 
the water,; to avoid too great a strain 
upon the tackle* or the mouth of the sal- 
mon, from which otherwise, even if the 
tackle holds good, the hook might be torn 
out. This has been called making an obeis- 
ance to the fish. But it must not be low 
enough to give the slack of the line too 

much. These leaps and runs gradually tire 
out the fish, though often it will attempt 

to get down in deep water to regain its 



strength, remaining there to sulk and rest 
despite every effort of the fisherman to 
arouse it to activity again. 

Some salmon come to the gaff much 
more quickly than others. I have seen a 
Boston angler kill a 33 pound salmon in 
ten minutes from the time it took the fly. 
I saw another American friend take three 
hours to kill a 31 pound fish in one of the 
Gaspe rivers. The latter put very little 
pressure upon his fish, however, it being 
one of the first played by him, and he was 
naturally very anxious not to lose it. It 
was, besides, a foul-hooked fish, being 
caught near the adipose fin. Even at the 
end of the three hours, the Indian who 
gaffed the fish, waded forty feet into the 
water, and secured it in three feet of wat- 
er. It seemed to mc at the time that 
three hours was too much time to spend 
over one salmon, but even with a rod over 
thirty ounces in weight, I have spent close 
upon two hours in killing a foul-hooked fish 
of 36 pounds, and over an hour and a half 
in bringing to gaff one of 25 pounds. 

The uncertainty of salmon fishing is pro- 
verbial. While forty fish a day to a single 
rod has undoubtedly been made more than 
once in Canadian salmon waters, an aver- 
age of one or two per day fully satisfies 
most reasonable anglers, three, four and 
five in any one day is considered excellent 
fishing, and sometimes there are several 
blank days in succession, some anglers hav- 
ing been known to whip the water faith- 
fully for ten days and even a fortnight at 
a time, without securing a single fish, and 
this, in rivers like the Restigouche and 
the Ste Marguerite, known to abound in 
salmon. Three fish, weighing respectively 
fifteen, thirteen and seventeen pounds, kill- 
ed one morning before breakfast, on the 
Trinity river, north of the Gulf, in the 
summer of 1897, are a memory of the most 
enjoyable hour and three quarters of sport 
with rod and line, in a good many years 
of angling. What 'burnished silver could 
flash and dazzle in the sunlight with the 
opalescent hues of the smallest of the trio, 
fresh from the sea, and what racehorse 
ever more valiantly struggled to pass the 
winning post than this salmon did to re- 
turn to his salt-water home, when finding 
himself impaled by the barb concealed in 
the gray deceit which had lured him to his 
doom? Only the foresight of my half-breed 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



:'D 



((uiaes ill having the canoe ready to re- 
ceive nie at the foot of the pool enabled 
me to save both fish and tackle, for from 



ihe moment that he felt the hook, he never 
paused in his ma>l i\ish for the sea,- until 
he had led iir a chase of neailv half a mile. 



♦♦♦ 



The Dog Show Judge. 



Bv ■ KANW 



Canadian dog fanciers almost invaria- 
bly draw upon Anjerican experts when they 
require the services cf an all-round judge 
at their shows, a circumstance which gives 
occasion to some "made in Canada" peo- 
ple to raise a howl over what they take 
to be a woeful lack of patriotism, as well 
as a slight upon the skill and fairness of 
our own fanciers. But, if the matter is 
looked at in the proper light, sensible peo- 
ple must arrive at, the conclusion that this 
view- is altogether a mistaken one. In the 
United States dcg shows are held more 
frequently than in Canada, and there are 
several men in that country who have 
made all breeds of dogs almost a life 
study, and have found the knowledge thus 
acquired a convenient source of adding to 
their incomes. It is not every dog fancier 
who is, fitted to be an all-round judge, and 
there are very few indeed, if any at all, in 
Canada— at least who have come into the 
public eye— who have devoted the time to 
a study of, or had personal experience with, 
all of the many breeds that enter into the 
classification of a general bench show. The 
ruling motive that prompts the selection 
of an all-round judge is the consideration 
of whose name will induce the greatest 
number of entries, or, in other words, who 
has the confidence of 'prospective exhibit- 
ors, for he must have a reputation for fair- 
ness and squareness as well as for skill. 
Such a man is an absolute necessity to the 
kennel club that can only put up a "ribbon 
show," or one with a nominal .prize list, 
as the expense of providing specialty 
judges would be too great. Therefore the 
principal reasons for Canadian fanciers go- 
ing abroad for the all-round judge. But 
if our fanciers do not aspire to the posi- 
tion of all-round judge we may take conso- 
lation from the fact that when specialty 
judges are needed the services of Canad- 
ians have been in frequent request, rime 
and again have Canadians acted as spec- 



ialty judges at the best .\merican .^hows, 
and when they did, acquitted themselves 
so as to gain unstinted praise from both 
winners and non-winners. The secret ol 
success in the judging ring lies in '.his— 
having an eye on the dog end of the lead 
only. 

Two of our best known collie breeders, 
."Messrs. Joseph Reid and \V. Ormiston Roy, 
were lately honored with invitations to 
judge this breed at two of the most im- 
portant functions held in the States, the 
former at the Ail-American Collie Club 
show held in Boston the first week in 
April, and the latter at the Brooklyn 
show. The invitation to Mr. Roy may be 
attributed to the fact of the success he 
achieved when acting in the same cajiacity 
at the last Danbury show. And in almost 
every breed there are men in Canada whose 
skill and judgment can be relied pn, and 
whose fairness and impartiality are above 
question. At the moment I can only re- 
call a few of the names of other Canadi- 
ans who have served in the judging ring 
across the lines and these are Mr. Parker 
Thomas, of Belleville, Ont.; Mr. Robert 
McEwen, of Byron, Ont.; Mr. W. P. Fras- 
er, of Toronto; Dr. Wesley Mills, of ^lon- 
treal, and, if I am not mistaken. Dr. C 
V. Ford, of Kingston. These names by no 
means exhaust the list, but those I have 
meiitioned arer the peers of any on this 
continent as judges of the special breeds 
they affect. 

It is held by many fanciers that the 
all-round judge is an impossibility; that 
one man cannot t-e a reliable authority on 
every species of dog, and that it is asking 
too much of a judge to pronounce upon 
the merits of a breed with which he has 
had little or no acquaintance. Of course 
the man who has experience in breeding 
and rearing a certain species should cert- 
ainly be in a better position to give a 
verdict on one of that species than the 



56 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



person whose knowledge is purely theoreti- 
cal. Yet it is frequently found that the 
former is so prejudiced in favor of the 
particular type he has hred to— which may 
be at variance with the. standard accepted 
by the combined wisdom of breeders inter- 
ested—that his judgment has become warp- 
ed, and he is utterly unfit to give a 
decision in accordance with that standard. 
It requires a well-balanced mind and a 
certain degree of courage in a man to de- 
cide against his preconceived notions of 
what is best, especially if contrary to 
what may be considered the authoritative 



dictum of the majority. This argument 
has been used against the specialist in 
favor of the man who has a general ac- 
quaintance with the dog and a thorough 
theoretical knowiedge gained by observa- 
tion and situdy, and there are a great 
many exhibitors who prefer the all-round 
judge for no other reason. Of course, ta 
have the confidence of exhibitors such a 
man must have a reputation for fairness 
and above suspicion of being influenced by 
any other consideration than the merits of 
the dog. 



♦<^ 



The Hoo-doo-in^ of Peter Ogdcn. 



"I think," said Uncle Jake, in a medita- 
tive way, as he replenished the sheet-iron 
stove, "that I'm the only living man who 
knows just how old man Nesbit put the 
Hoodoo on them niggers, and he died in 
jail, when the County ought to have pen- 
sioned him." We had pitched our tent in 
the depression which had formerly been 
Mr. Nesbit's cellar. On three sides of us, 
the old walls were standing, on the 
fourth, the logs had rotted away, and we 
could see for miles down the marsh, al- 
most as far as the Bay of Fundy. 

Uncle Jake had used the cellar as a 
camping ground before, and between the 
three remaining walls, and our canvas, we 
did not feel the equinoctial gale which 
would drive the black-ducks inland, as 
soon as the tide covered the mud-flats. As 
Jake wisely observed, it was no use freez- 
ing in a blind, when we could be comfor- 
table in the tent, and there would be no 
ducks moving for a good three hours. The 
knoll we were camped on is known as 
Nesbit's Hill, on the other side of the 
river is a similar eminence, known as Nig- 
ger Hill, but there are no niggers there, 
and a few gnarled apple trees, a withered 
Lombardy poplar or two, and half a dozen 
depressions w-hich once were the cellars of 
as many shanties, are all the traces the 
Coloured settlers have left behind them. 

"The Head of the Ma'sh," as it is 
usually called, has had an uncanny reputa- 
tion ever since Nesbit settled there. Many 
years have passed since his death, and I 



imagine that traditicn has invested him 
with a halo of romance altogether beyond 
his deserts. One thing I did know as a 
fact, that he was a man of good family, 
and education, who had in some way be- 
come declasse, and for some reason, best 
known to himself, had elected to settle m 
the God-forsaken spot which bears his 
name. Late in life the old man was 
arrested for burglary, and died in jail, be- 
fore he could be tried. A few months 
afterwards it was conclusively proven that 
he had been wrongfully accused, and public 
sentiment being aroused, a decent tomb- 
stone was erected to mark his last resting- 
place. 

fncle Jake was one of the few men who 
had ever been friendly with Nesbit, in 
fact, he came near being arrested with 
him. He spent several months in a suc- 
cessful endeavor to bring the real culprits 
to justice, after his old friend had died in 
jail, and a broken nose, and a large scar 
bear witness to the desperate resistance 
they made, when the sheriff and his posse 
captured them. Jake's old pin-fire gun,— 
made by Daw, of Threadneedle Street, 
London, in 1849— was bequeathed to him by 
Nesbit, and it was from him that he learnt 
the art of dog training, and fly tieing. 

"Yes," said Jake, "It was in the house 
that stood over this very cellar, that he 
put the "big snake" that scared Peter Og- 
den, and his gang nearly out of their 
senses, through his training. It's near 
sixty years since Nesbit came to these- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



parts. All round here was heavy woods in 
them days, and in the Fall of the year, the 
moose used to come down to the Ma'sh in 
calling time. Some folks said Nesbit was 
from Jamaica, and had been ruined when 
they took his slaves from him. He never 
told me where he was from, but he had 
great learning, and he had enough books in 
his house to stock a couple of schools 
with. He took this land up from govern- 
ment for two shillings an acre, and built 
his log house right over where we're sit- 
ting. It was quite a house, eighteen by 
thirty, with a piazza round three sides of 
it. He was a great gardener, and for all 
he had so many dogs, they never ran over 
his fiower-beds, or dug up his plants. It 
was ovier dogs that he and Peter Ogden 
rowed first. Peter was called the King of 
the Niggers. There was six families of 
them living over on Nigger Hill. All of 
them were Ogdens. Old Man Ogden was a 
kind of dark mulatto, his wife was half 
nigger, and half squaw, and between them 
they raised six cussed half-breeds, with all 
the faults natural to men. niggers, and In- 
dians, and none of the good qualities of 
any of the breeds. Peter was the eldest of 
the gang, and he and his brothers married 
women. — if you can call them so, — to 
match themselves. Many's the time I have 
looked through Nesbit's spy-gla^s on a 
warm day. and seen Nigger Hill fairly 
crawling with black and yellow kids, like 
an ant-heap when you stir it up. 

There wasn't much law in them days, 
the nearest 'Squire lived ten miles away, 
and he was scared of the Ogdens, like 
everybody else. They used to say that 
when Peter got mad at you, he didn't look 
knives, it was tinder and birtch-bark. He 
would burn a barn as soon as eat his 
dinner, and when Jimmy Hinksman the old 
pedlar was lost, and never heard of again, 
everyone said that the Ogdens could find 
him if they wanted to. 

Nesbit was a short man, but he girthed 
fourty-two inches, and had an arm on him 
like a hear. My father was dead, and he 
hired me for chore-boy, I was only a little 
gafTer ten years old then. He was a great 
man to work, and he couldn't bear to see 
a man "sojer" over his work. He hired 
Peter Ogden to help him with his hay the 



first year he was here, but Peter only 
stayed with him a few days. Nesbit had a 
lot of dogs, two for his sled in winter, 
and his little waggon in summer, two bird 
dogs, a foxhound, and a big white bull, he 
kept for mooso. There was no law on 
"dogging" then. He kept those dogs under 
great control, they were always round the 
house, or in their own kennel, except the 
bull. He was always tied up. One day, 
the second year I was hired with Nesbit, 
Peter comes over to borrow a salmon 
spear.— When the Ogdens borrowed any- 
thing it was as good as given away, for 
they never brought it back. N&ibit says, 
very civilly, that he had only one spear, 
and that he was using it himself evenings. 
I saw Peter was getting ugly, and just 
then his dog took after Nesbit's cat, and 
treed her. They ran through Nesbit's 
flower beds, and played Old Harry with 
things, then one of the bird-dogs took a 
hand in the game, and started to "wool" 
the life out of the nigger's mongrel. Nes- 
bit jumped in. caught his dog by the 
collar, and pulled him off. The other dog 
put for home as fast as he could get, and 
as he went, he told all the dogs in ear- 
shot that he had got more than he bar- 
gained for. Peter picked up a small cord- 
wood stick, and made a rush for Nesbit, 
who had his hands full holding his dog. 
"Hold on there," says Nesbit, "If you 
want trouble, wait until I get this dog 
tied, I'd rather lick the stuffing out of 
you, than have the dog tear you to 
pieces.'' Peter saw he meant business, and 
the Ogdens never cared for a fight with 
any man who was at all able, unless they 
were three to one. Nesbit took his dog 
over to the kennel, and chained him up. 
"Now," says he. "never you bring that dog 
or any other like him. into my garden." 
Peter never answered him. he just turned 
and went home. A few days alter, Nesbit 
comes in from shooting on the Ma'sh. He 
had met Peter and his second brother. 
Mike. They had had some words, and he 
had up-ended Peter in an old beaver-ditch. 
]\Iike ran for home, and Peter followed him 
as soon as he could get on dry ground. 
From that on, there was war. Not a de- 
cent kind of war, where men meet, and 
have it out with one another, but a regular 
Indian way of doing business. One day 



58 



HOD AND GOW IN CANADA 



our fences would be ■toni down, anotlier 
time our canoe would be stove in, oi 
stolen, or our Tiets would be cut adrift, or 
tangled with rubbish thrown into them. 
The Ogdens would have burnt us out, but 
they were afraid of the dogs. They would 
have poisoned them, only Nesbit always 
fed' his dogs well, and trained them never 
to eat anything given them by strangers. 
Two or three tin\es we found bits of raw 
meat with beaver-bane root wrapped in 
them, thrown down round the path we 
used. Nesbit had his spy-glass looking out 
of the back window, and every now and 
then he would take stock of the doings 
over to Nigger Hill. The Ogdens didn't 
know he had a glass,— I doubt if they ever 
saw one, and it used to bother tliem terri- 
l)ly how he got to know as much about 
their doings as he did. We had no 'sheep, 
and only three head of cattle, a cow. and 
two steers. We always put them in the 
barn at night, so the chances to poison, 
or shoot them were poor. After a while 
things grew quieter, and Nesbit and Peter 
began to speak again when they met. 
Then, late in the fall, the two youngest 
Ogdens went into the next county, and 
stole a brindled steer. They drove him 
home by night, and got to Nigger Hill just 
at sunrise. Nesbit saw them through 'his 
glass, but he didn't think much about it. 
A few days after, two strange men came 
to the house to buy hay, so they said. 
They fooled around quite a while, and then 
one 01 them says to Nesbit, "Aint them 
niggers got an ox to sell, I lost one of 
mine the other day, and I want a mate for 
the one I have left the worst way." "I 
saw a brindled steer round there the other 
day," says Nesbit, "but he would hardly be 
a mate for a grown ox, he wouldn't be 
more than a three-year-old." "I guess we'll 
go over and see him all the same, if you'll 
put us over the stiver," says the stranger. 
Nesbit says he will, and I went down with 
them. Nesbit had a back-load of wooden 
decoy-ducks he intended to set out later 
in the evening, and I had his gun, and the 
paddles. The dogs were all shot up, he 
never took them ducking with him. They 
left me in the canoe, while they went up 
to the shanties, they were gone perhaps 
ten minutes, when all on a sudden 1 heard 
the cursedest screeching, and howling. It 
sounded like ten flocks of geese all scream- 



ing at once. Then I heard Nesbit's whis- 
tle, and I grabbed the gun, and ran up the 
path for all I was worth. When I got up 
the hill, the place was black with niggers, 
the two strangers had one of the men 
hand-cufled, and Nesbit was standing off 
five or six young fellows, and women, with 
a pitch-fork he'd taken from Mike. Just 
as I got on the scene, the other brothers 
came running up, one of them had an axe. 
and the others had sticks. The women- 
devils shouted for them to get their guns, 
and began to rain the rocks onto us for all 
they were worth. Some people say a wo- 
man can't throw a rock and hit a barn 
with it, unless she's inside the barn. Those 
Ogden women would soon have taught 
them diflerently. Nesbit grabbed the gun 
from me, and told me to run for my life. 
I did so, I left the canoe where she was, 
and swum the creek. I heard Nesbit sing 
out that he'd shoot the first man who he 
saw with a gun, the niggers were scared 
of him. and in a few minutes the three of 
them came down to the landing, with the 
prisoner. All the fight was out of him, 
and he was gray-white with fear. "Get in 
the canoe, and keep still," says vthe sher- 
iff. "We have papers to arrest you. but 
they don't say anything about saving you 
from drowning if you upset the boat." 
They got him over the river all right, and 
that night they landed him in jail. The 
magistrate sent him up for trial, and three 
weeks later, the court sat. How they got 
the money no one knows, but the Ogdens 
sent Peter to Halifax, and he gave a law- 
yer twenty pounds in gold, to come and 
defend his brother. Nesbit had to attend 
trial, but he wasn't called as a witness. 
The Ogdensi had their story all cut and 
dried. They swore that the steer was lost 
in the, woods, and that they took, it in and 
fed it. Their lawyer had things all his oton 
way, and Joe. that was the fellow's name, 
got clear. Nesbit had his gun with him 
when he went to court, and he took the 
sled dogs and the white bull "for comp- 
any," as he said. .After the court was 
over, the lawyer fellow says to him, "I 
hear you've other dogs besides those, you 
may want to sell one " Nesbit says he 
most always has a dog to sell, and they 
went up to the lawyer's room. Then the 
lawyer told him that Peter had threatened 
his life and advised him to keep a good 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



59 



look out for the Ogdens. "I got that 
damned scamp off this time," says the 
lawyer, "but I don't want to stand by, 
and see a white man shot down treacher- 
(lusly by a nigger." 

Nesbit said he had looked for that, and 
promised he wouldn't bring the law-yer's 
name in, if there was any trouble. 

Peter was down in the tavern bar room, 
not drunk, but just full enough to be ugly. 
NeSbit Went in to get a drink, and Peter 
began to throw out slurs at him, saying 
he dursent come to town without a gun 
and a pack of dogs. Nesbit bore with him 
for a while, at last he up and says, 
"That's enough Peter, now listen to me. 
You live on the north side of the rivei, 
and I live on the south. You go up and 
down the river, and I'll do the same. But 
as sure as you land on my side to do me 
harm, Obeah will be there, and you can 
blame him for any evil that happens you." 
Do these darkies know anything about 
Voodoo ?" I asked. "Well, those we have 
now may have forgotten it," Uncle Jake 
replied, "but in those days there were lots 
of runaway slaves .from the States, and 
quite a few from the West Indies and they 
kept it alive." 

Peter pretended not to understand, he 
would have liked to make trouble, but 
there were too many white men round for 
the Ogdens to dare raise a row. Nesbit 
came home, and the niggers let him alone 
for some time. Then one night one of the 
boys started to cross the ice almo,st op- 
posite the house. He went througfi, and 
came near being drowned. One morning 
Nesbit comes in from doing the chores. I 
was cooking breakfast. Says he, "The 
Ogdens were over here last nigjit, two, if 
not three of them. They came against the 
wind, so the dogs could neither smell, nor 
hear them. They got as far as the lower 
bars, and there they found something that 
sent them back." "They'll never get much 
closer," I said. "The dogs will let us 
know when they come inside the clearing." 
"It's mighty small use that will be if all 
six of them come at once," he replied. 
"They think if they can get close enough 
to the house, or barn to fire either of 
them, they can shoot us as we run out 
They think we have only two shots to 
Their six or more, they don't know about 



the new breech-loader, and it will be kind 
of a surprise to them." Two nights after- 
wards, the Ogdens did come. We had the 
dogs in the house, and they told us there 
were visitors coming, though they didnft 
hark. When they were just frothing at 
the mouth, Nesbit opens a little trap- 
hatch he had cut in the side of the house,— 
he knew^ too much to open the door, and 
he lets out the two sled-dogs. \ In tw'o 
seconds time there was the darnedest 
racket you ever heard. Shooting, swear- 
ing, and dogs barking inside and outside. I 
counted five shots, then Nesbit throws 
something out of the window, in another 
second the whole place was as light as 
day. For just one instant we^ could see 
the Ogdens with their heads covered up, so 
we shouldn't recognise them, then the light 
went out. Nesbit blew his whistle, and the 
dogs came tearing back to the house. They 
wern't hurt at all. One of the Ogdens got 
part of a charge of shot in ,his leg how- 
ever, and they left two muskets and some 
birch-bark and tinder behind them. 

Then Nesbit watches his chance, when 
the nigger's dogs were away courting in 
the spring, crosses the river at night, and 
leaves the muskets propped up against the 
owner's doors. Each musket had a little 
bunch of feathers and stuff tied to it. In 
the morning there was the greatest, racket 
you ever heard tell of, over on the Hill. 
We could see the niggers running to and 
fro, stopping to look at one gun, and then 
at the other. We watched them through 
the -glass, but none of them touched the 
guns. 

"Those things you saw me put on the 
guns, are 'Ju^u' from Louisianna," says 
Nesbit. "I've had them by me for ten 
years, and I was afraid the beggers would 
laugh at them, but they seem to work all 
right." 

In a little while Peter comes down to 
the landing, and begins to make signals. 
Nesbit watched him for some time, then 
he took down his revolver,— revolvers were 
a new thing then,— and slips it into the 
breast of his jumper. Then he goes down 
to the landing, me Avatching him through 
the spy-glass, and as soon as Peter saw 
him coming, he puts for' the house for 
dear life, and so do all the other niggers. 
Nesbit never let en he saw -them. He 



6o 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



walked twice round Nigger Hill, "against 
the sun," then he walked up to the guns, 
picked them up, and carried them down to 
the river. Just as soon as he was across 
in his canoe, the entire population of Nig- 
gier Hill ran down to the place he had left 
the guns at, and hegan to dance and carry 
on like mad folks. Nesbit' stood watching 
them for a while,' then he began to talk to 
them. 

When he came back to the house he sat 
down on his bunk, and laughed until the 
tears ran down his face. "Peter Ogden and 
his tribe are tame niggers' as far as I'm 
concerned, and they'll stay so as long as 
they live," says he, as well' as he could 
speak for laughing. "I think they'll he 
half decent to other people too,' for some 
time at any rate." 

Nesbit was right there, for nearly two 
years they kept quiet. They were deadly 
scared of him, though he hardly ever spoke 
to them, and never meddled with their af- 
fairs. Every once in a while, some white 
man would come to him, and ask him to 
speak to them about something they'd 
done, or were accused of doing. He never 
interfered, however. He used to say that 
he had enough to do, fighting his own 
quarrels, without mixing with other peo- 
ple's. He had great learning., and used to 
do a pile of doctoring, ' there was no 
regular doctor round here them days. He 
was a better bone setter than half the 
boys that go through medical school, and 
put "Doctor" after their names. Then he 
used to tell fortunes, but never for money, 
and somehow he used to come out right 
in a most surprising way. He had bottles 
with Latin names, and letters of the 
alphabet, and figures on them, and as for 
herbs, he knew every plant in the woods, 
when to gather it, and what.it was good 
for. He taught me what I know about 
herbs, and showed me how to set broken 
bones, but he never would tell me how, he 
scared the niggers, nor how to tell fort- 
unes. "Don't you meddle with Obi- 
work." he told me when I asked him how 
he did it. "I know more than any white 
man in Canada about the cursed thing, and 
it cost me dear to learn" 

He made auitc a bit of money out of his 
doctoring, and between that, trappi'ng, and 
salmon fishing, he was able to live better 



♦ban most of the settlers near. Every fall 
he used to' go to Halifax, to 'buy his wint- 
er's supply, and every spring, when the 
spring mush-rat shooting was over, he u.sed 
to. take his fur there to sell it. In those 
days there were beaver, and otters, mink 
were thicker than they are now, and he 
always got' a bear or two \\\ the fall, or 
winter. He was great friends with, the 
ofhcers. They used to drive through to 
sh|oot with him, and when he went to 
Town, they couldn't do too much for him. 
One time they gave him a dinner at one 
of the hotels. There was an old colonel 
there,— I forget his name, but he was awful 
good to me. His wife gave Nesbit a little 
shortt-legged pup when the Regiment was 
ordered to India. It grew into a dog 
about three feet long, and nine inches 
nigh, with crooked legs, and a tail like an 
otter. I forget what he called the breed 
or it. "iX dachshund by your description," 
I interrupted. Yes, that was the name 
of it. Well, we christened the doig "Frog- 
gie," and Nesbit undertook to train him. 
He was no earthly manner of good after 
bi'ds, and his legs were too short for him 
to run foxes, or rabbits. But I never saw 
the beat of him for tricks! The winter 
evenings were pretty long, and when Nes- 
bit wasn't working with his bottles, or 
reading his books, he was teaching Froggie 
some new devilry. He taught him some 
useful tricks too, one was to go home 
from any place they were at, with a note. 
Besides this, he would take Nesbit's 
tracks, and follow him 'for miles, if he was 
told to. He never barked, or gave tongue 
like a beagle does. He was the greatest 
dog to stay home, you might have lived 
next door to him in a town, and nevpr 
known his owner Kept a dog. 

The niggers didn't know, we had such a 
dog, they kept on their side of the river 
and Froggie never went down on the 
Ma'sh. Many's the time he has come in 
from the woods, with a note written on 
birchbark, tied to his collar, telling me 
when to get (supper ready for Nesbit and 
his friends. When Nesbit went to the 
woods, and left him home, he used to put 
annise-seed oil on his moccassins, and I've 
known that dog to follow him twenty 
miles to his camp. He used to lie asleep 
in his box by the stove, and just as soon 
as I said "Go find your master Froggie," 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



6r 



he'd crawl out> of it like a snake, give him- 
self a shake, and away he'd go on Nesbit's 
tracks, as fast as them four inch legs 
could carry him. We'd had that dog over 
two years, when old Captain Gulliver was 
found dead in Gulliver's Pond. He was a 
queer old chap, was the Captain. Some 
said he'd been a slaver, and others that 
he'd been a pirate. Anyway he was rich, 
and as mean as they make them. He usea 
to come to the Ma'sh every fall, and buy 
hay in the stack, paying cash for it. He'd 
'be maybe two or three days, going round 
looking at the different stacks, and seeing 
which Was the best hay, before he'd buv 
The fall I'm talking of,, he came down. 
and tented bv the Indian burying ground. 
Him and Xesbit never pulled. He brought 
a yoke of breachy oxen with him one fall. 
and they eat all Xesbit 's cabages. Xesbit 
was out in the woods when he came. I 
saw him going round the stacks, and try- 
ing the hay as he always used to, for two 
days. The third day he wasn't there. The 
oxen' were tied to the trees, and along 
about noon they began to bellow from 
hunger and thirst. Towards evening they 
bellowed so bad that I went down and 
fed and watered them, then I tied them to 
different trees. Xext morning I could see 
through the spyglass that they hadn't 
been fed, so I went down, and saw to 
them again. When I got back, Froggie 
wa^ at the door, with a note tied to his 
collar, to tell me to get dinner i ready, and 
saying that there would be fresh moose- 
meat. Xesbit had two officers with him, 
they were both shot at Sebastopol after- 
wards. I told them when they got back 
that Gulliver had left his cattle to -starve 
for near a whole day, and Xesbit said it 
was just like him, and that he didn't 
care, as long as they kept out of his gar- 
den After dinner, one of the officers took 
the spy-glass, and began to look at the 
different ponds, to see if there were any 
black ducks in them. "What's that in the 
big pond over there Major''" says he. The 
Major took the glass, and looked at it for 
a minute, "It looks like a body, but it is 
probably some log stranded in the mud.'' 
Nesbit took the glass, and looked through 
it, "Body, or log, I'm going down to see 
what it is," says he. "You men had better 
come to." We all went down, and there 
■we found Captain Gulliver, face down in 



about half a foot of water. We pulled the 
body out, the Major went through his 
pockets, and all the money we found there 
was four pounds, in erne pound notes, and 
some shillings, and pence. "He always 
paid in gold, and never came here with 
'ess than fifty sovereigns In a little leath- 
er bag," says Nesbit when the Major had 
finished. We carried the body up to the 
house, then Xesbit and one of the officers 
went to find the coroner, and the Major 
and I stayed with the corpse. Before they 
started, all of us went to the tent to see 
if the Captain's money was there; there 
was nothing except some grub, and old 
clothes. The coroner came next day, but 
there was no inquest held. He couldn't 
get jurymen, so he just heard what we had 
to say, and took the money we found on 
the body to pay his travelling expenses, 
and the cost of getting the corpse home. 
He was bad friends with Xesbit because he 
was a bone-setter, and drew teeth, and he 
began to bullyrag him before the officers. 

rhey had it hot for a while, and he threw 
up to Xesbit about being the King of 
Xigger Hill. Xesbit only laughed at him, 
and told him that when he wanted ■& 
court physician, he'd send him word, and 
he hoped he'd make better work with the 
darkies than he'd made with some of the 
white folks. The Doctor went of!, tearing 
mad, and all the madder because the Majoi 
laughed at him. 

When the Doctor got Gulliver's 'body 
home in his wagon, there was trouble. It 
seems that he had near a hundred pounds 
on him when he left; ninety-five in gold, 
four in notes, and the balance in silver. 
There was no accounting for the missing 
gold. Some were inclined to blame Xes- 
bit for robbing the body, but the officer's 
evidence was against that, and finally the 
blame went on the Ogdens. There was no 
proving it, though they arrested Peter 
next time he came to town, hoping to find 
him with some of the money on him. He 
laid in jail for a week for being drunk, 
and when he went home, he took the bad 
sore throat— they call it diphtheria now— 
with him. How many of the nigger child- 
ren died I can't say. Nesbit went over to 

the Hill as soon as he heard about it, to 
see if there was anything he could do, but 
the niggers ran into their houses as if he 
was the Devil come for them, and when he 



62 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



came home, I could see that he was feel- 
ing bad. "Those darkies tliiiik I've put 
another hoo-doo on them, and that I've 
bewitched their kids. God knows I 
haven't, and if they would let me help 
them, I would," says he, when him and 
me were talking that night. "That comes 
of a white man meddling with Obi." In 
a month's time the disease ran itself out. 
One ol the men and his wife and more 
than hajf of the children died, and Peter 
himself came near going for it. He was 
weak, and sick for a long time, and we 
used to see him sitting outside his cabin, 
wrapped up in a blanket, when the sun 
was warm, Nesbit grew more and more 
uneasy, as time went on. The niggers 
would run to cover if they saw him com- 
ing towards them. P'inally he quit crossing 
the Ma'sh in the direction of Nigger Hill. 
"Those poor ignorant fools are just crazy 
with terror," he told me. "Bye and bye, 
they'll get desperate, and then there's no 
saying what'll happen." 

Spring-time came, and the ice went out 
of the river. The Ogdens let the mush- 
rats alone, I think they were scared to 
come down to the water after them. We 
killed a slather of them, and Nesbit sold 
his pelts to a peddler that year, the only 
time I ever knew him do so. Peter Og- 
den went away, and stayed for three or 
four weeks, Nesbit said he was after no 
good, and he'd rather have him home where 
he could watch him. One morning Nesbit 
says to nie, "There's a strange nigger 
over on the Hill. He came back with 
Peter last night. The others seem to be 
plucking up courage, for they are getting 
out a canoe." I went to the glass, and 
sure enough, five of them were carrying 
the canoe and gear down to the river, the 
sixth one seemed to be standing off, and 
bossing the job. When they got her 
launched, he steps into her, and begins to 
paddle across. The others ran for their 
houses as fast as they could. I told Nes- 
bit about this, and he came to the glass 
again. The canoe came to our side, and 
the man steps out of her, and ties her to 
the bank. Then he started to cross the 
Ma'sh towards our house. "You get out- 
side, and saw wood," says Nesbit. 
"Shut the dogs up. and if he asks for me, 
say I'm inside." 

I did as I was bid, and asked no ques- 



tions. I could tell from the way Nesbit 
spoke, that he was bothered about some- 
thing. I put the dogs in, and went to 
work on the wood-pile. Presently the 
stranger comes round the house, close to 
me. He was an old, old man. His wool 
was nearly white, he was all doubled ap. 
and he was very lame, walking with a 
stick, his lace was wrinkled like a mask, 
and his hands were like bird's claws. His 
eyes were as bright as a hawk's, and when 
he looked at you, they seemed to go clean 
through you. 

He leaned on his stick, and looked at 
me for quite a while, then he said in a 
kind of foreign way, — not like a nigger 
talking — "Go and tell your master to 
bring me a drink of water, and a light for 
my pipe." "There's a fire under the tan- 
pot if you want a light, and a bucket of 
water, and a dipper right at your hand." 
says I. "My master don't run errands 
for niggers." If the old man has asked 
me differently, I would have got both 
drink and lig'.it for him, and saved him 
the trouble of walking, but he spoke as if 
I was his servant, and Nesbit was an- 
other one 

"Your master saw me coming, and told • 
you to shut the dogs in," says he, with a 
kind of grin that showed all the teeth he 
had left. "You do as I tell you." I took 
a step towards the door when Nesbit 
opened it, and stepped out. "Get," says 
he, pointing to the path the old fellow 
came by. The old man leaned on his 
stick for a minute or two, and looked at 
him, then he pulls a little bag out of his 
pocket, throws it on the ground in front 
of the door and hobbles off. Nesbit 
watched him off the premises, then he 
picks the bag up in a pair of tongs, and 
puts it in the boiling water in the tan-pot 
for a minute or two. Nest he takes a 
shovel-full of hot ashes, and sprinkles tliem 
over the ground it had lain on. We went 
into the house, and he opened the 'bag, 
and shook the contents onto the table. 
There was a little bunch of feathers, some 
bones, and one or two queer looking seeds 
at the bottom. Nesbit took up one of 
the seeds and held it out to me. "This 
is what they call Calabar bean, I've only 
seen it twice before," says he. ''That old 
fellow is an Obi Man, Peter has paid me 
back in my own coin, and no mistake. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



63 



Gcodness only knows where he got him 
from, but he intends to do for me, unless 
I do for him." Then he told me that 
years ago, he had a creole sweet-heart. 
He lived South in those days. She had a 
lover of her own colour, — she was as near 
white as she could be, — and he got jealous 
of Xesbit, and hired an Obi Man to put 
the Hoo-doo on him. Instead of the girl 
being . scared, she only laughed w^hen she 
heard of it. She was the daughter of an 
Obi Woman, and her mother had taught 
her all she knew. Nesbit get a dose of 
Calabar bean, but she knew the antidote, 
and pulled him through. She not only did 
this, but she told him all she knew about 
Voodoo, and the different ways it was 
worked. He said the men who made a 
practice ofi it in the West Indies, knew as 
much as any doctor as far as poisons and 
spreading diseases went. They could 
"tole'' a venomous snake 'out of its hole, 
and into a man's house, or even into his 
bed, they could infect his cattle, or dogs 
with disease, in the same way you can 
spread smallpox, or scarlet fever, and that 
was why he put the bag into hot water, 
and put hot ashes on the ground it lay on. 

"Now," says Nesbit, ,"It's going to be 
him or me that goes under. He thinks I 
am a kind of a quack at the business, and 
so I am, but I will give him a run for his 
money before he does for me. He can't 
work the snake game on me. the only 
snakes here are garter-snakes. Yellow 
fever is no go in this country. I've had 
smallpox, and as for poison, I know as 
much about it as any Obi Man in New 
Orleans What I'm afraid of is, that 
those niggers will rush us some night, or 
shoot me from the bushes. They will go 
anywhere, or do anything he tells them, if 
they think he is a better man at the busi- 
ness than I am. The old beggar is a bit 
doubtful about me too. Otherwise he 
wouldn't have called on me, and left his 
confounded card,— pointing to the bag, and 
the stuff that came out of it. "You go 
on with your work, and I'll try and work 
out; a plan to raise him a few points." 

When I came into dinner, Nesbit had 
the side-table spread over with all kinds 
of queer looking things, bunches of grass, 
bones, pipe-stems trimmed with hair, and 
a lot of little packets of roots, and seeds. 
The 'big trunk he always kept locked was 



open, and inside it was the greatest lot 
of queer-looking clothes and masks you 
ever saw. The bag, and things that were 
in it, lay in a little pile by themselves, 
close to a note-book. "I've read our 
friend's message," says Nesbit, '"and it 
dosn't mean any good to me. The old 
man is 'way up in the 'business, and the 
only man that can "better" him is a 
Snake Priest. I'v»? seen one of those fel- 
lows with a fer-de-lance (one of the most 
poisonous snakes io thf world, anr" one 
that will attack a man. as soon as look 
as him)— and he could order that crawiling 
devil around, like I order one of my dogs. 
There's a story conpected with every 
bit of stuff in that chest, and some of 
them are mighty queer ones too, but there 
isn't one of them cussed seeds,' —pointing 
to the Calabar beans, "and I never ex- 
pected to see one again, this side of the 
Mississippi." Just then Froggie crawled 
out of his box, and came over to me. 
"It's a pity you can't stretch Froggie out 
a yard or two more, he is half snake al- 
ready," I said. "By Jove, I never 
thought of Froggie." says Nesbit. 
"There's sense in what you sav, and may- 
be he will fill the bill." 

After dinner I went back to the wood- 
pile. About four in the afternoon, Nesbit 
told me to yoke up the steers, and start 
for Colonel Ryan's, ten miles away. He 
told me to put some hay in the cart, and 
cover what the Colonel gave me with it. 
He made the two big sled-dogs get in as 
well, and he gave me his revolver, telling 
me to shoot any nigger that laid hands on 
the cart, or on me. I took a letter for 
the Colonel, and it w-as dark when I 
got to the house. He read the letter 
through twice, then he says to me very 
.sharply, "What devilry are you fellows u.p 
to that you want the drum." I told him 
that I didn't k-now anything about the 
letter, Nesbit sent me, and that was all 
I knew. He told me to go to the loft, 
and get the big drum the militia used, 
when they were drilling, and then to come 
in and get some supper. His wife, a nice 
old ladv with white hair, saw that I got 
plenty, and just as the moon rose I start- 
ed for home. All the way I never heard 
or saw anything out of the common, until 
I got to the middle of the Ma'sh. The 
road comes out of the woods there, and 



64 



ROD AND GLN IN CANADA 



you can see this place and Nigger Hill. 
Just as I came out of the shadow, I saw 
the wliole upper end of the Ma'sh lit up, 
and I said to myself, "Those black devils 
have set fire to our house, or barn, or 
both, and the Master's killed." 

In a minute, the light went out, and 
I didn't see it again. When I got to the 
house, Nesbit opened the door, and let me 
in. He told me everything had been quiet, 
and when I asked him what he wanted 
the drum for, he only laughed. 

I was a tired boy that night, I'd walk- 
ed most of the way to the Colonel's and 
back. I just rolled into my bunk, and 
slept until long after sun-rise. When I 
woke up, Nesbit had breakfast ready, and 
all the chores done up. 

The 'big drum was missing from the ox- 
cart, and he wouldn't tell me where it was. 
After breakfast he calls Froggie over to 
him, and begins to dress him up in the 
most outlandish rig you ever saw. Frog- 
gie wa^ used to wearing a coat, and hat, 
j,nd walking on his hind legs, but this was 
more like a long narrow bag, with holes for 
his feet, and head to come through. The hind 
part of it trailed behind for six or seven 
feet. The dog was a little scared at first, 
but he soon got used to the rig. "How'd 
he look if that tail end was stuffed with 
hay?", says Nesbit. " I guess his own 
mother couldn't tell him from a snake." 
Well, he exercised Froggie round the floor 
for half an hour, then he takes the rig off 
him, and goes to work to stuB the tail 
with duck feathers. It was matie of black 
canvas, and the seams were sewed close, 
so that it was water-tight. Froggie sat 
on the floor watching him, his hind parts 
slewed round as if he was broken-backed, 
his little fore-legs bolt upright, his head 
on one side, with his long floppy ears 
hanging down almost to the ground. He 
seemed to know there was some devil- 
ment on foot, and that he was going to 
have a hand in it. When Nesbit had the 
rig stuffed to his liking, he puts it on the 
dog again, and starts him running round 
the room. For all the world he looked 
like some monstrous big snake, only for 
the legs. I said so to Nesbit. "Them 
short legs won't show much in the grass" 
says he, "especially when you're scared, 
and you think its a God you're > seeing, 
and not a fool of a dog that never earned 



his grub. There won't be any too much 
light when I introduce Froggie to Peter 
Ogden, but I'm going down to have a 
talk with His Majesty first, and see what 
I can do by myself." I was scared the nig- 
gers would shoot him. but he said they 
were not only mighty poor shots, but 
they had guns that were no good with ball 
and the creek was too wide for shot to do 
any damage from their side to his. He 
took his revolver all the same, and was 
very careful to see the loads were just 
right. I went to the glass and watched 
hmi go down to the crossing. 

The old man was on the lookout for 
liim, for he got down to the water before 
lu' did. The other niggers must have been 
away, or indoors, for they never showed 
their faces, except two of the women, who 
were watching from a distance. 

Nesbit and the old man talked for 
quite a while, then the old fellow hobbled 
off on his stick and went into the house 
which the two dead niggers had lived in. 
When Nesbit came back, he told me the 
old man had given him a. week to get out, 
or be carried out. That was what it 
amounted to, though he hadn't exactly put 
it that way. He had promised to live in 
the dead nigger's hut until he drove Nes- 
bit away, or killed him. "I was going to 
ask for three days, if he seemed to be in 
a hurry, but he has done better for me 
than I expected" he says, "In three days 
Froggie'll be the best educated Snake 
God in North America. Now about that 
ilrum I sent you for. While you were 
asleep last night, I lugged it into the top 
of the Look-out Pine, and about noon to- 
morrow you'll hear it beat. It'll only 
beat once, unless there's a high wind, 
when it won't beat at all. The old gentle- 
man has brought a little drum with him, 
they call it a tom-tom, and he played it 
all last night, until the tide came in, and 
the light flamed up in Gulliver's Pond. 
Then the music stopped. I intend to make 
it my business that it stays stopped to- 
night. The Look-out Pine was two good 
musket shots from the house. The stump 
of It's there yet. Nesbit had rigged one 
of the drum-sticks so that when he pulled 
a line, it would strike the drum. The lea- 
ves and branches were too thick for any- 
one to see it, unless they were right close 
to the tree, or had a good spy-glass. He 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



65 



had led the line down almost to the edge 
of the Ma'sh, the length of two skeins of 
salmon-net twine. We had a compost heap 
there, and we worked at it all the fore- 
noon in plain view of Nigger Hill. About 
noon, the niggers came out of their cabins 
and gathered round the old man, at the 
edge of the hill. "He's waiting 'till the 
sun is just at its full height", says Nes- 
bit, and he slips his foot into a bight in 
the line, and gives it a sharp pull, and 
then another one. "Boom, boom, boom, 
went the drum, three hundred yards away, 
and seventy feet or more in the air. 
"Hands up" says he, and we both threw 
our hands over our heads. The drum 
sounded once more, and then we dropped 
on our knees. When we got up again the 
only nigger in sight was the old man, and 
he was hcft)bling back to his house. That 
evening, and for two more evenings Nes- 
bit put Froggie through his drill. Then 
he gave the snake rig an extra dose of 
paint, rubbed his mocassins with annise- 
seed oil, z& if he was going to the woods, 
and let Froggie smell them." I'm going to 
take a day oS tomorrow. Jake, " says he, 
"and I want you to take particular notice 
of what I tell you. Tomorrow morning, 
I'm going to have another talk with the 
niggers. Then I shall put the rest of the 
day in round the house, until half an hour 
before sun down. Just as the sun dips 
you will see me at Gulliver's Pond, mak- 
ing believe to pray. When I quit, and go 
towards the landing path, you let Froggie 
out, and tell him to find me. As soon as 
you do this, come out yourself, and go to- 
wards the compost heap, and as you pass 
it give two strokes on the drum, the same 
way I did the other day. When you hear 
it, you turn, and put for the house, as if 
the Devil himself was after you, and 
watch what happens through the spy-glass. 
Be careful, and tuck Froggie's ears in un- 
der the head part of the dress, and don't 
put the dress on him too long before the 
time comes for him to start. Nesbit 
went down to the landing next morning. 
The old man wasn't there, one of the wo- 
men ran back and forward to his house, 
and Peter Ogden did the talking. When 
they were through with their talk, Nes- 
bitt went to work, and drove tour sticks 
in the ground, about fifty feet apart, in 
the form of a square. He hung big bunches 



of feathers, and similar trash on them, 
then he came back to the house. "The 
old man isn't on deck this morning, he's 
cutting up some monkey-shmes indoors, 
and Mrs. Peter is acting as his spokeswo- 
man, between her husband and him. If we 
make a mess of our business tonight, it 
means one or more dead niggers for sure, 
and possibly a hanging for me. If only 
the Obi man comes on with the others, I'll 
send him ahead of me for sure." "If I 
were you, I'd just get out of this, and 
find some place where niggers didnH run 
things like the Ogden gang have been runn- 
ing them round here," 1 replied. Nesbit 
said it was his funeral, not mine, so I 
said no more. 

Half an hour before sun-down, Nesbit 
put on his mocassins, and went out. He 
made as if he was going over to the main 
road. The niggers couldn't see him leave 
the house, even if they'd been watching 
for him. I went to the glass, and turned 
it on Gulliver's Pond. Bye and bye Nes- 
bit came through the bushes, and stood 
facing the place we had fished Captain 
Gulliver out at. It was a clear, still ev- 
ening, the wind was from him to me, and 
1 could hear him singing, like they sing 
psalms in some churches. I slipped the 
dress onto Froggie, he was aware there 
was some devilment going, and tried to 
wiggle his tail under the canvas. I turn- 
ed the glass onto ^Jigger Hill. Peter and 
all his crowd were there but I couldn't 
see the old man. Then I looked at Nes- 
bit again, he had gone almost into the 
water, and seemed to be praying harder 
than ever. Every now and then he'd throw 
something into the water, from a hag he 
carried. Presently he quit praying, and 
started to walk towards the landing path, 
going very slowly and turning round ev- 
ery ten yards or so, to beckon to some- 
thing in the Pond. "Go find your master, 
Froggie," says I, and away he went, as 
soon as I opened the door. I had both 
guns loaded with slugs, hidden in the bush- 
es handy to the compost pile, intending to 
watch for the niggers crossing the river, 
and as soon as they started to cross, I 
meant to rim down and take a hand in the 
fight myself. I walked slowly, as I went 
towards the compost heap, and when I got 
to the string, I slipped my bare toes in- 
to the bight of it, and g)ave it two hard 



66 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



yanks. The dium sounded almost like 
thunder in the still air, then 1 turned and 
ran for home. The niggers didn't run this 
time, they only yelled, and it was an an- 
gry yell at that. It took me maybe five 
minutes to walk down to the heap, for I 
took my time, sauntering as if there was- 
n't any reason for my going. I got back 
in less than one, I turned the spy-glass 
onto the pond, and in a minute or two, I 
could see the rushes wave, then Froggie 
tame through onto the short grass, for 
all the world like a monstrous snake. He 
followed along straight in Xesbit's tracks. 
Nesbit turned round and saw him, he let 
one yell out of him and ran like the wind 
for the sticks he had planted in the Mash. 

Froggie was maybe a gun-shot behind 
when he reached them. He followed Xes- 
bit as fast as his short legs, and the rig 
he wore, would let him. As soon as Nes- 
bit got to the sticks, he turns round, 
drops on his knees, and holds up 'both 
hands. The "snake" stopped short, and 
lay still) it was the way he ^yas used to 
"down-charge") Then Nesbit goes over to 
him, with one of the sticks in his hand, 
waves it over him two or three times, 
and throws 11 away. Froggie gave a 
spring, and landed in his arms. Xesbitt 
gave the tail a twirl around him and 
hitches the end of it to a hook he had 
ready in the side of his pants. 

To all appearance, the snake had wound 
himself round him. as_ if he wanted to 
crush him. The niggers were down on 
their faces by this time, they dropped as 
if they'd been shot. He stood and watch- 
ed them for a minute or two, then he turn- 
ed and came to the house, still carrying 
the dog. 

If I hadn't known how the trick was 
done, I could have sworn it was one of 
those big snakes you read of in books, 
that he was carrying. 

When he got indoors he dropped the 
dog, and tcld me to undress him. He mis- 
sed the guns while I was doing it, and 
gave me "Hail Columbia " for meddling with 
them. "'We can sleep easy tonight, Jake" 
says he, when I had the dog undressed, 
and the guns back in the rack. "Never an- 
other nigger will dare to lift his hand 
against me as long as I live on the Mash. 
Tomorrow, I'm going over to read the 
riot act to those devils, and pack the Obi 



man back to the place he came from" He 
didn't go next day however. A man 
across the bay felled a tree on himself, 
and broke one of his legs. They came for 
him by night. While he was over there it 
came on a storm, and he couldn't get 
back until next morning. There was a 
thick fog on the Ma'sh before the storm, 
and I couldn't see. Nigger Hill, it was so 
thick. When the storm was over, just af- 
ter day-light, I went to the glass and 
looked over. There was no one moving, 
and no smoke coming out of the chimneys. 
I told Nesbit as soon as he came back. 
He asked the man who set him over the 
bay, to come with him, and see what the 
niggers were up to. Simeon Crofts was 
the man's name (Peter burnt his barn be- 
cause he went to the Squire for law when 
the Ogdens stole his sheep.) Simeon said 
he had never been to Nigge^r Hill, and had 
no wish to go there after what he had 
heard, and knew himself, of the Ogdens. 
Nesbit persuaded him however, and the 
three of us went over together. The shan- 
ties were there, but not one living soul 
did we see. There were some cats, and a 
mongrel bitch that had a litter of pups 
under a log barn. The doors of all the 
cabins were open, except that of the Obi- 
man. That was locked 

The few stick.s of furniture they had 
were .gone, there wasn't a hen. or a shoat 
left. We walked round the place, and saw 
where they'd buried the children that died 
in the winter. Then Nesbit says that 
he's going to see what's in the locked 
shanty. Simeon said it was a penitentiary 
matter to break into a house. Nesbit 
said he'd risk any jury in the county con- 
victing any man for breaking into one of 
the Ogden's shanties. He put his should- 
er against the door, and in she went. 
The one window was covered up with an 
old sack, so the cabin was quite dark. 
Nesbit put his head in, then he jumped 
back. The "sore-threat smell" that came 
out was enough to knock you down. We 
broke the window with a pole, and tore 
down the sacking curthin. The Obi-man 
lay on the bed, dead. He hadn't been dead 
more than a few hours, Nesbit said. 
Then we got powder and brimstone, and 
burnt them to clean the air. He was still 
vvarni. Nesbi* wouldn't let either of us 
so near him. He carried the body out, 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



67 



wrapped in the 'bedclothes, and put it in 
the grave we dug beside the other mounds. 
We said no prafers over him, we just cov- 
ered him up, then we started for the 
Squire's. He lived ten miles from where 
our road joined the Post-road. The Squire 
heard our story,— we said nothing about 
the big snake, — then he says to Nesbit. 
"Was it true that you drummed those cus- 
sed outlaws out ?" Nesbit said he may 
have had a hand in their moving, if they 
had really moved, but that if anyone 
wanted them back again, he could soon 
arrange to get them. Says the Squire, 
"They went through here just after day- 
light yesterday. It was like the Israel- 
ites getting out of Egypt. They had their 
wives and children, and live-stock with 
them, and all their stuff, and a good lot 
of other people's as well I daresay. Peter 
came to the gate and asked me for law on 
you, but I told him I had no law to give 
him, only a good double-barreled shot-gun 
loaded for ducks, which was at his service 
any time he canie inside my fence after 
dark" Then he puts the three of us und- 
er ten pounds bond to appear, and give ev- 
idence any time he sent for us, and we 
went home. 

The dead nigger had a bundle of stufl 
with him, feathers, bones, seeds, and oth- 
er trash, which Nesbit burnt. He swore 
me on the Bible not to tell a living soul 
how he worked the racket, and I never did 
until he died. The Colonel's lady tried her 
best to coax it out of me, but I never 
told her. Lots of white folks believe that 
Nesbit had dealings with the Devil, some 
of the old folks think so now, I believe 
When he lay dying in jail, he told me to 
tiurn the big chest and all it had in it. 



It had a lot of written books, and papers, 
besides the Obi stuff. I never opened the 
books, nor did I let anyone see any of the 
stuff, 'but I would have given the money, 
and the gun he left me to have known the 
history of them all. Nesbit died the 
first year of the war between North and 
South. He left me this place, but I hated 
to live here alone, and no woman would 
stay in the house, so' I sold it. 

The Ogdens never came back. They 
fetched up at Halifax, but they didn't 
stay there long. The authorities got af- 
ter them, and they moved to other places. 
The Obi man must have caught the sore 
throat in the house he died in. We found 
out afterwards that he was sick the morn- 
ing after I brought the drum in. 

Peter Ogden changed his name, but not 
his nature. He was hung for murder 
about ten years after. I went to the 
hanging, it was a big affair. 

The Obi man was an old nigger from 
Jamaica. He had been a slave but he 
was set free when they turned the niggers 
loose. He got into trouble there, and es- 
caped to Halifax on a trader. He was 
kind of a king among the colored people 
at Preston, and Africville, just outside the 
city. 

The faint boom of a gun came down the 
wind. The ducks were on the move from 
the mud-flats to the Marsh. We took our 
guns, and cartridge bags, and started to 
our blind on the shore of Gulliver's Pond. 
The blind. was built on the exact spot 
Captain Gulliver's body was landed at. 
Nesbit, and the Ogdens are gone, but the 
Marsh remains as it was sixty years 
ago. 






Marble's 

Rifle 

©leaner 

The core of ihe cleaner is strung with sections of soft brass gauze washers, separated by smaller brass washers. 
except m the small calibers. The brushes are a little smaller than the bore of rifle or revolver. This allows the spiral 
spring to force but one side of each brush against the bore. Thus they follow the hL'ht. reach into every angle of 
the entire rifling and RAPIDLY remove all lead, copper, rust, or powder residue. Exceedingly durable. Sold by 
dealers or direct. 50c. Mention caliber. 1-ield cleaner, 75c. Strongly jointed rod, $1. 




THESPRING TEMPERED SPIRAL STEEL CORE OK MARBLES CLEANERS 



MARBLE SAFETY AXE CO., 

GLADSTONE, MICH 

When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANAD.\. ■ 



Send Stamp for new 56-page 
Catalogue U. 



6cS 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



r- 



With the Samera 



A Dvparhtu'iii tlifotcd to the Iiitert-sts of the users of Ctmieras and I'hatosiraph ir Mmiiinitfitions. 
Qut-rifs iritl lie aiisirert'd throut/h these rotiiinns 

Aciitress all Citmituinieatiniis. etc.. tn- 

rnoTooHA rific dkpa htmkst. 

Hull and (fun hi Canttda, It'oodstnek. (hit. 

Conducteci by J- Ernest Hounsom. 



The use of the cameia has becume so geueral that the opening of a Photographic 
Department in Rod and Gun in Canada has been under our consideration for some 
time, with the result as seen in this issue. 

We have secured the services of a member of the leading Camera Club in Canada 
to conduct this department, and the aim will be to make the department a live 
part of this magazine, giving out from time to time, that which will be of real 
benefit and help to our readers. 

We shall be pleased to receive suggestions from users of Rod and Gun, and 
Camera. Send in your queries and tell us of your difficulties and successes and 
we may help you and you will help others. Brief contributions and notes in regard 
to actual field work are invited. 



Choosing a Camera. 



Camera construction has reached such a 
state of perfection that it is not difficult 
to secure first-class cameras for all kinds 
of photographic work. The trouble is 
that in the multiplicity of styles the tyro 
may become confused and finally choose a 
style that is not best fitted for his or her 
particular needs. Price is no bar in the 
matter of choice for particular purposes 
as a number of firms now make several 
styles at a moderate price, as well as 
more expensive instruments. 

If our camera user expects to' devote 
himself to the more serious side of photo- 
graphy, then by all means secure an in- 
strument that is fitted to that end, not 
necessarily having all the movements use- 
ful (?) and otherwise, now placed on cam- 
eras, but with sufficient movements to 
secure the end sought. For instance, if 
you are going to try and secure land- 
scapes, on which you will expend some 
thought on composition, interiors, portr- 
raits and general work, secure a camera (A 
the folding bellows type, with focussing 
arrangement, rising and falling front, re- 
versi'ble back or two tripod screw plates 
for horizontal and vertical pictures, swmg 
hack and double lens, convertible type if 



one's purse can stand it. It need not be 
the most expensive ; all these movements 
can now be secured on low priced cameras. 
It need not necessarily be a leather cover- 
ed cycle type. This kind of camera can 'be 
used comfortably on a tripod, not only so 
but it can be used in the hand for ordinary 
snap-shot work. 

If one merely wishes to combine photo- 
graphy with some other pastime and never 
expects to do anything more serious than 
"press the button," then a camera should 
be secured with a fixed focus lens, either 
in box or folding form and the less number 
of movements the better — especially is Uiis 
so in the focussing. Size will depend on 
how much weight and 'bulk one wishes to 
carry. 

Buy a good lens if you can possibly 
afford it. Much can be done with a single 
lens, but as they work at a small opening, 
good light is necessary for brief exposures. 
A good rectilinear lens will do all kinds of 
work including copying. A symmetrical 
or convertible lens will work at largsi 
opening as a doublet and will give other 
focus in the single systems. An anastig- 
mat puts far greater power into the photo- 
grapher's hands— the lens works at a 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



69 



larger opening, n)aking snapshots in poor 
light a possibility. It also covers a 
larger plate at smaller ••top, making it 
possible to use it in a larger camera as a 
short focus or wide angle lens. 

Remember that the more complete cam- 
era will do all that the circumscribed cam- 
era will do, and very much more too. 
<r 
WORK AFIELD. 

Having bought a camera see to it that 
you have made yourself acquainted with 
its workings before starting to "burn'' up 
supplies. Take it outside without plates 
or film and go through all the movements 
a number of times — focussing and making 
imaginary exposures. You will find this 
will be of large benefit and may save 
money on plates and films. 

Have a systematic way of using your 
camera— follow it out for a week or two 
and you will find that it comes natural 
and you will fall into system quite natur- 
ally, thereby preventing many a mistake, 
such as making two exposures on one 
plate, etc. For instance, and by way nf 
suggestion, first pull out your bellows, 
then set your focussing scale or focus on 
ground glass, set your shutter at speed re- 
quired, insert plate holder, draw slide, 
expose, return slide. In the case of a film 
camera with roll film— always follow an 
exposure by turning to next unexposed 
film and you thereby are ready for next 
exposure. 

Working with a tripod on a windy day, 
be sure that tripod remains steady — a 
piece of twine is useful, attach a stone to 
it and tie string to tripod screw. Working 
in a stream or in water, as when one is 
combining fishing and photography, carry 
your camera suspended from shoulders 
with a strap— camera-bathing is not con- 
ducive to its health. 

Take enough time — fatal mistakes re- 
sulting from hurry lead one to think it 
were better that it had not been attempt- 
ed. 

SUPPLIES. 

While we would not pretend to say that 
the manufacturers of plates and papers 
arc never at fault, it must be remembered 
that first class manufacturers— and why 



TaRe a 



Camera 



With you on your ' 

holidays, and secure ' 

mementos of your 
trip. 

Ontario Agents for 

AN SCO CAMERAS 

AN SCO FILMS 

CYKO & MONARCH PAPERS 

Canadian Agents for 

IMPERIAL DRY PLATES 
AND PAPERS 

Manufacturers of : 

"IMPERIAL QUALITY" 
Photographic Preparations I 



Send for our Catalogue 
of these preparations. 
Best on tlie market. 

Special discotants 



to dealers. 



♦♦♦ 



Lockhart Photo Supply Co. 

LIMITED. ! 

16 Temperance St., Toronto, Ontario. ! 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



use any but first class manufacturers' 
goods—, subject their goods to extreme 
test, and the designing and perfecting of 
machinery and materials are carried to 
such an extent that it is only once in a 
great while that the manufacturer turns 
out material that is seriously at fault. 

The trouble is nearly always with the 
user of supplies. If you do not wish to 
court failure, at the beginning, and for 
some time at least, stick to one brand of 
plate and paper and preferably to one 
speed, of plate at least. The best results 
will be obtained by the inexperienced by fol- 
lowing the formulas for developers as giv- 
en by the manufacturers, adding somewhat 
more water than is usually given in form- 
ula. Persevere with plate and paper seek- 
ing to know the "why" of different effects 
and results, until you can manipulate them 
with a certain degree of success. The ex- 
perience will be of the utmost benefit and 
you will then be in a little better posi- 
tion to "try" or experiment (?) with oth- 
er makes. We have heard amateurs speak 
cf this or that plate or paper being "no 
good" when they had not the knowledge 
or experience to properly work any kind 
of plate or paper, let alone pass an opin- 
ion on their relative merits. We therefore 
say stick to one make and seek to know 
it 

DEVELOPING SNAP SHOTS. 

We believe that many of our amateurs 
are given to taking "snapshots" and at 
times they may have become discouraged 
in results obtained. 

While many things enter into the cause 
of failure, very often a good deal of fault 
lies in development. Let it be borne in 
mind that a large majority of snapshots 
are visually unexposed, that is, the light 
action 'did not have enough time on the 
plate and therefore the plate or film calls 
for some care in development. 

"Hard" developers should be tabooed, 
and we mean by hard, developers that 
make tor contrast such as Hydroquinone 
used by itself— Metol, Edmol, etc. are for 
detail. 

Mr. A.. Hnrsley Hurton, the English 
photographer, has been urging the use of 
more dilute developers and whatever form- 
ula you may be following use a more di- 



lute developer, give it plenty of time and 
you will find you have a more even neg- 
ative with more detail and one tlialt will 
give a much softer effect than the ordin- 
ary thing. If negative is thin it can be 
intensified or a slower developing paper 
can be used in printing from it. 

Last year the writer made two expos- 
ures to secure a very large group in a city 
across the line. Exposure was made 
about 5.3n p. m. in July with small stop 
to secure depth. What was thought lo be 
pretty full exposure was given. The nega- 
tive being needed by a newspaper for re- 
production purposes, the plates were tak- 
en to a supply house to develop and the 
resulting negative was "hard". It is like- 
ly the plate was thrown into a concen- 
trated or old developer with a number of 
others and had to take its chance, no at- 
tention being paid to quality of negative. 
It the writer had developed the plate it 
would have been started in a dilute de- 
veloper so that in case of under-exposure 
a soft negative, full of detail would have 
been more likely procured- We say then, 
use a dilute developer and take time in de- 
veloping snapshots. 

COMPOSITION. 

Why not expend a little more thought 
and take even a snapshot with some re- 
gard to the arrangement of your picture? 
Very often a branch of a tree, a tree 
trunk, a few rocks or rushes, or a figure 
in the foreground will change a bald look- 
ing photo into a fairly good picture. Get 
into the habit of thinking out pictures and 
arrangements w'ith known subjects with an 
idea to artistic arrangement and then 
you are more likely to get into the "pic- 
ture" habit. 

The small negative can be enlarged or 
enlargements made from it and even a 
small photo taken with some regard to 
composition may be developed to a please- 
ing picture of size for framing. 

HELPING THE AMATEUR. 

We wi.-;h this department to be a real 
help to oi'r amateur I'liotographer friend. 
Questions will 'be answered through these 
columns. Write us a card suggesting what 
phase of photography you would like dealt 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



with in this department from time to 
time, and we shall then very quickly get 
an intelligient idea of our constituency and 
its needs. 

«r 
PHOTOGRAPHY BY MOONLIGHT 

Here is a branch of photography that 
is seldom noticed and very seldom taken 
up by those in the most convenient posi- 
tion to follow it. If you have not seen a 
photo taken by the light of the moon and 
been charmed by its atmospheric and soft 
effect you have missed something. Why 
not take them yourself. Just now we are 
on nice moonlight evenings and to the 
"outside" man or camper, who is an am- 
ateur photographer, what better oppor- 
tunity can be offered lor utilizing our 
friend -the moon. 

Photographing with the moon itself in- 
cluded in the picture is not so satisfact- 
ory as on account of the long exposure 
required. The moon moves during the 
the time of exposure and the result is a 
moon vcrv much out of the orthodox 



shape. Begin with your scene lighted by 
the moon, set your camera and tripod 
firmly in place and a little out of the 
beaten track, use a stop about 16 or 32 
and give a long exposure. Exposure varies 
and no set rule can be given— from fifteen 
minutes to six or seven times that and 
perhaps more is often needed. Why not 
let the camera work while you are enjoy- 
ing a rest after the day's outing? 
<r 
A MTTLE OF EVERYTHING. 

It is a wise photographer that does 
not leave his tripod screw at home. 

The "Snapshot Camera Man" does not 
need it, but the "Serious Business Cam- 
era Man" would do well to make a list 
of his camera "must haves" and place it 
in his camera case; he is not so likely then 
to forget something. 

Remember you cannot develop '"out" 
what has not been "put on" the plate- 
moral — let the light act long enough. 

Two exposures on one plate might be 
economical if there were only a way of sep- 
arating them in taking off prints. 




Cameras 



• 60 VARIETIES' 



From $1.00 up 

QUALITY GUARANTEED 



A Camera will increase the 
pleasure of your vacation and 
make it of interest to your 
friends. 



For Pictures, size 4x5. $8.00 and $10.00. 
For Pictures, size 5x7. $12.00 and $15.00. 



Tlie most complete stock of Plates, Films, Papers, and other accessories 

on the market. 



The CANADIAN CAMERA CO. Limited, 



Write for Discounts. 



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When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD ANT GUN IN C.WADA. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Don't go out with rod or gun 
without a 

Kodak or 
(Camera 

We are Headquarters 

for all 

Amateur Photo Supplies. 

J. C. RAMSEY & Co., Limit'd, 
89 Bay Street Toronto. 

Send us Nonr films to Develop. -^SS 




The Koilak IJcvclopint; Machiiif m Dtlail. 

THE KODAK DEVELOPING 
MACHINE IS UNDOUBTEDLY A 
BONANZA TO THE KODAKER 

HAVE YOU ONE ? IF NOT. WE 
WILL SEND YOU 

A Style A Kodak Peveloping Machine, for use 
with No. O. No. I ano No. i A Koliiing Pocket Kodak. 
No. I Panoram Kodak and No. 2 Brownie cartridges; 
including a handsomely f'liHshed wooden carrying 
case, with leather handle. Sold at $6. 

FOR ELEVEN YEARLY SUBSCRIBERS TO 
■ROD AND GUN IN CANADA ' 

or a Style E Machine for use wjih Kodak and brownie 
cartridges of all sizes, up to and including 4 x 5, 
sold at $7 60. 

FOR FOURTEEN YEARLY SUBSCRIBERS 
TO ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



While it is well to have enough expos- 
ure, remember that there is a vast diff- 
ference between 1-100 of a second and one 
half second — fifty times. 

Fingering a plate during development 
is productive of frilling or separation of 
film from plate (particularly so in sum- 
mer time) and peculiar markings that of- 
ten puzzle the amateur. 

Your 4x.T plate does not always, in 
your hands, necessarily give a 4x5 picture. 
Trimmed down to 3x4 or 24x5 it may have 
a vastly improved appearance— Don't be 
afraid to use the knife. 

What look to be like petrified figures, 
petrified stares- and petrified smiles are 
not the most pleasing or are their keep- 
ing qualities o' the best. Naturalness and 
not over-inquisitivencss of the camera 
man's doings make for pleasant pictures. 

.Strange perversity — the best snapshots 
are when the camera has been lett behind 
or the plates are all ex,posed— the best ne- 
gative i.s the one that gets broken — a bub- 
ble in the glass plate comes just over an 
eye or a nose— the film gets scratched at 
a most important ,part of the picture. 

A dusting and cleaning out of cameras 
that have been laid away for the winter 
may mean dollars in one's ' pocket on ac- 
count of failures prevented. 

Don't be above the instruction book 
and all available photographic literature 
— read Rod and Gun in Canada — don't gc 
hap-hazard. 

It is not every negative that is worth 
a print and not every print that is worth 
a mount. 

With a short-focus lens the fisherman 
can photograph his fish to conform with, 
or substantiate (?) his fish story. 

It is a "wise" beginner that can gauge 
exposure — get an exposure meter or ex- 
posure tables— they are cheap. 

Don't think you know all about photo- 
graphy because you can get a result on a 
negative and a print from that negative. 

Don't hesitate to use this department 
of Rod and Gun in Canada, it has been 
started for your benefit. 

A SUGGESTION 

A camping party of say four or six, 
with cameras, might, instead of random 
shooting and photography without any 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



73 



aim, take it a little more seriously. Let 
eaeh member take a special field; one tak- 
es say figure studies of the districts pass- 
ed through, another landscapes, another 
waterscapes, another portage and kindred 
subjects — Then it will be found that photos 
have been secured that will "tell a story" 
in connection with the districts visited 
and if any member of the party is at all 
literary a profitable article can be writ- 
ten and illustrated, just the kind that 
publishers will entertain. The pleasure 
will be just as great and profit in a pe- 
vuniarv war. niav enter into it. 

A FOCUSSING HELP. 

With the assistance of a friend and a 
brief space of time a very material help 
may be secured for the purpose of assis- 
ting in judging distance, especially of fig- 
ures—The Hand Camera worker frequent- 
ly finds it somewhat difficult to focuss 
properly for figures coming to or going 
from the photographer. 

Place you:: camera on a stand ten feet 
from your friend and focuss sharply on the 
ground glass, note on the finder the posi- 
tion and size of the figure and on the 
frame of the finder each side make a per- 
manent mark parallel with the top and 
bottom of figure with an indication show- 
ing that it is ten feet— The same proced- 
ure may be followed for, say twenty and 
thirty feet, you then can tell when photo- 
graphing with figures or objects in the 
picture after focussing for ten, twenty or 
thirty feet (according to the markings on 
your scale) by the position of the figure 
or object in the finder, when they are 
in the right position for '"snapping". 
You will 'be guided in distances by mark- 



ings on your focussing scale, some being 
marked for 7, 25, 50 and 100 ft.— Others 
have more markings. 

.\NIMAL PHOTOGRAPHY 

Familiarity with the Camera is often 
one of the conditions of success in animal 
work. One should be able to put one's 
finger on the focussing screw, shutter set- 
ter, or trigger etc., with one's eyes shut, 
nay, without so much as an effort of mind. 
Again, it is of equal importance that a 
certain method of procedure should be 
thought out and followed again and again, 
until it becomes automatic. One ought 
not to have to be asking oneself "did I 
set the shutter, change the plate,"' etc. 
Immediately an exposure has been made, 
preparation should at once be made for 
the next. Of course the second exposure 
may require alteration of the focussing 
scale, shutter speed, etc., but these read- 
justments are additional links in the chain 
and the fewer there are to bear in mind 
the better can one's attention be given 
to watching one's subject. 

Three requirements for a good animal 
photographer are (1) observation, enabl- 
ing the worker to recognize the desirable 
characteristics of the specimen, i. e., posi- 
tion, form and markings, lighting etc. 
(2) patience until a satisfactory combina- 
tion of desirable features is presented to 
the lens, and (3) perseverance in spite of a 
certain— or rather uncertain— number of 
failures preceeding the securing of an en- 
tirely successful negative. Of course, ^rapid 
plates and a good lens are valuable aids, 
but they are not so essential as pat- 
ience and perseverance.— The Practical 
Photographei. 



THE BEST AND MOST 

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CARLTOI\'S 1905 STYLES. -—^^MADE. '^^ 



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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



The Lenox Hotel 

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When writing adveiiisers kiiully imniion lUiI' AXP GIN IN CANA1>A. 



76 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




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t^^ HAVE YOU A BtRD DOG7----THEN YOU WANT 

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ED. F. HABERLEIN. 



A plain, practical and conciNe. yet Ihorouf^h. 

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alike the most practical book on-traininc ever 
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New Edition Just Out.— Illustrated. 

Comprehensible, popular form, devoid of long-spun 
theories, based on practical experience throughout. 
Not a large volume of pastime reading matter, but 
guaranteed to contain the most practical information 
on the subject at any price. Sent postpaid on receipt 
of price — paper cover. $ I .00; finely cloth bound 

And Gold Embossed, si. 50. Address:— 

Subscription Department. Rod and Guu in Cdiiaua. 

Woodstock, Ontario 




A modern, high-class and conven- 
ient stopping place, offering every 
accommodation (or the comfort 
and pleasure of transient and per- 
manent guests. 250 rooms with 
private baths and long distance 
telephones. Dining-rooms, Cafe 
and Grill Room. Moderate prices. 



C. N. OWEN, Proprietor. 



Hotel Touraine 

Delaware Ave. and Johnson Park 
BUFFALO, N. Y. 



When vvritine advertisers kindly mention HOD .\Mi tU N IN C.\N.V1>.\. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 







Music 



ON THE ^ 
WATER 



Comic Opera by the Camp Fire. 

Melody and Mirth in Yonr 
Den on Rainy Evenings. 

Vou will double the pleasure of your vacation 
by taking a Phonograph with you, besides pro- 
viding yourself with endless amusement for the 
long winter to come. 

The Happiest Holiday Makers last 
season were those that took Phono- 
grapli Outfits with them 

Not any Phonograph outht but the kind we have, which is the best the world produces — the 2on-o- 
phone. Victor, Ecbophone. .Mat-strophone. instruments that talk like the speaker, sing like the singer 
without any of that screeching." cratching,' or scraping. 

We have Outfits from s to to $50. .\ splendid Instrument that will stand any amount of rough 
us.*ge, almost impossible to get out of order, cin be packed in very little space, cpiiet and smooth run- 
ning, guaranteed for five years, will cost you ONLY $15. 

RECORDS — We have the largest and choicest stock in t'anada -Zon-o-phone. American and Victor 
lines— hard flat discs, practically indislructible. not hurt by sun or rain. Ihey are loud, clear, distinct 
and musical, can be heard a mile awav and embrace songs of every tlescriplion. duetts, quartettes. 
Sousa's and other line bandj. Orchestral Selections, and all kinds of U.ince Music. .Marches. 
Comic Opera Hits. SdIos on every instrument. Minstrels. Kunnv Stories, lokes and Skits. Vou have 
only to close your eyes and the performers are actually there before you. 

Don t Irt your dealer persuade vou that he has something just as good for he has nt. We are the 
exclusive Canadian .\gents for the best instruments made in the United States and Europe. Our prices 
are as low and in many cases lower than you would be asked for inferior grades. 

We pack our Outfits specially so that you can lake one with you wherever you go without the 
east trouble. 

Think of it ! Vou can have Sousa's Band of 60 men in your sail boat, the Sweetest Love Songs on 
beautiful moonlight nights, soul stirring Marches, touching Melodies. Caruso, the Celebrated tenor, 
and other noted singers. It would cost you a fortune to have these artists perform for you in person 
and yet you can have the best of their talent through one of our Phonogiaphs for a very small outlay and 
extendi the payment o\er months if \ou wish. 



If you want to have a merry time this summer 
don't fail to write us at once. 



sjj 




Johnston 
&Co. 

Canada's Largest 
and Leading 
Phonograph 
Dealers, 

191 Yonge St. 
TORONTO 

When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IX CAXADA. 



ROD AND CTN IN CANADA 



CANADA'S 

Famous Shooting Resorts 



QUEBEC 

LABELLE, P. Q. 
OTTAWA VALLEY 
MATTAWA, ONT. 
KIPAWA, P. Q. 
TIMISKAMING 
TIMAGAMING 



Within reach are moose, caribou, deer, salmon, land locked 
salmon, trout and wildfowl. 

Deer, ruffed grouse, duck and trout. 

Deer, duck, ruffed grouse, woodcock, trout and black bass. 

Deer, black bass, and trout. 

Moose, deer, bear, duck, ruffed grouse, pike and dore. 

Moose, deer, bear, wildfowl, ruffed grouse, pike and dore. 

Moose, deer, bear, caribou, ruffed grouse, duck, lake trout, 
trout, black bass, pike and dore. 



DESBARATS, ONT. Deer, ruffed grouse, duck, lake trout, bass, pike, dore, moose, 
and brook trout. 



NEPIGON 

WINNIPEG 

QU'APPELLE 
BANFF SPRINGS 



Heavy brook trout, lake trout, black bass, duck, moose, 
caribou and deer. 

Within reach are moose, elk, bear, mule, and whitetail deer, 
wolf, wildfowl and chicken. 

Unrivalled goose, duck and chicken shooting. 

In the Canadian National Park, trout fishing, mountain 
climbing, sulphur baths : and outfitting point for Rocky 
Mountain sport, travel and exploration. Bear, deer, sheep 
and soal. 



GLACIER HOTEL In the wild Selkirk range near the Great (ilacier. Mountain 
climbing, bear, caribou, and goat shooting. 



SICAMOUS 
VANCOUVER 



On the great Shuswap Lake. Bear, deer, goat, trout and 
wildfowl. 

Within reach are deer, bear, goat, Mongolian pheasant, 
grouse, wildfowl, salmon and trout. 



Sportsmen will find in Canada an unrivalied field. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



79 



Small Profits -ftuick Sales. 



Trout 
Flies 




for trial — send us 

I r ^'^^ ^" assorted sample dozen 

I JlQ, Regular price. 24 cents. 

nn Koran assorted sample do/tn n I'i n n* 

30c. Kegular price. 60 cents. QUallty B FIlBS 

PH For an assorted sample do/cn 

bUC< Regular price, 84 cents. 

CCn '■°'' *° assorted dozen n__- Clior 

bOu- Regular price. 84 cents. DdSS rllcS 



Quality A Flies 



Quality C Flies 



SPLIT BAMBOO RODS 

Kly Rods nri n„„i„ fs" Rods 

10 feet, 6 ounces oU UCntS 9 feet, Bounces 

\\'iih cork grip and extra lip, in wood form. 

THE H. H.KIFFE CO., 

523 Broadway, New York City. 

Catalogues of any of the above goods free on application. 




■When writing advertistrs kindly menlion ROD AXD GUX IX CAXAD.\. 



8o 



ROD AND Gl N IN CANADA 





IJi^e enjoyment o^ it is loot" con^ned to the 
' Tnovii:«s -^^liei-v tKe men o£ tlie riovi.sei:i.ola. 
air-e free; ixfo>n.a.-y^ a.'yicC cAi?cCye-n carr 
xjL,se. it -Kyiect^^vu/iiPe. ^^Tlie operation. 
15 Ly oine leaver; petialg ata<i a tlirottrle 
la.tta.cKe<i to t-l-ie ^teerind A^rxeel. CTiie 
tiaiad ttiat: steers is tKe Jnantl tnat. con-fcrol.s'. 
C Ignition is aiitomatic. f^The TVorluM^ pax^s are 
r-eadily acce««ii>le, aiatl ^o ^ixnple tKat atljiAstmeiits 
can Le m.a<le lay-t/ioixt the /oeZ/j o/" ctTnecrianie. ^^It 
is nex^er neces^ary^ to cra"wl under tKe maclaiarae. 

5^/ci7>^ O^^'cc <a;>«o^^?Qct-or^ JCenoslia,*^Vs/i£Consiii 

Au-tomotile & Siapply CoTtipany, Toronto. Ontario. 
Eastern Avitoniobile Company; Mon.treal, Quebec. 

THOMAS B. JEFFERY & COMPANY 




SURREY, TYPE ONE 

lotol8 lior^e po-wei-, .$1350. 

OtKer models 475o» ^85°? 42.000 and 
^3000. "Fu.ll iir\TC>rma+doi\ on reques-t. 





Whoq writing ad\eitisers kindly mention ROD AND GIN IX CANADA, 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



OESBARATS 



Ontario, Canada 
(Georgian Bay) 



Twenty eight miles Kast from Saiili Ste. Marie. Michigan 

Islands with Camps and Cottages, furnished or unfurnished. 
Boats and Canoes for sale or to rent for summer season, 1905. 



sr 



Also Lots on 
Mainland 




This Camp containing hve rooms, 
stone fireplace, kitchen and ice house 
filled, will rent for $15000. boats 
extra. Fine lake-shore building sites 
on mainland. Splendid yachting, 
bathing, fishing, canoe trips. The 
Hiawathaand Nokomis Camp-Hotels 
half a mile away, will open on June 
30th and remain open till well into 
S ptember. Railway station is two 
miles distant, steamer dock Haifa mile, 
(inod railroad and steamer connec- 
tions from all the large cities of the 
United States and Canada. 

Desbarats is the northernmost 
station of the Chicago Yacht Club, 
and an important station of the 
KeewaydinCanoe Club. 

Splendid climate ; in the woods yet 
convenient. Stores, mail, supplies 
within:;asyre ach. Address 



L. O. ARMSTRONG. Canadian Pacik Railway MONTREAL. QUE. 




DETROIT 



STEAMBOAT Co 



steamers Eastern States and Western States 
The DIRECT and POPULAR 
ROUTE to POINTS WEST 

OAICY SERVICE, MAY lOth 

luiprovt'd E.\pr<?ss Servnt- 1 11 boiir>) Uttween 

BUFFALO and DETROIT 

Lt. [tuffalo Daily, d.30 P. M. Ar. Detroit, 7.30 A. 31. 

Connectiuff with Early Morning Trains for Points Nortli 

and West and D. & C. Line for Mackinac Islaoii. 
Lt. iKtroit Daily, 5.00P. 91. Ar. BufTalo, 9.00 A. 31. 
Coniiectiiig with all Morning Tr;iins for i'oints East 

Kule between Buffalo and I'etroit $8.50 one wav. 
SG.aO round trip. Berths *1. 00, gl.oO; Klateroom = 
$2.50 each direction. 

iiend 2c Stamp for lllustr >ted Pamph'et. 
Through Tickets sold to all i'omts via Lake and Rail. 
RAIL TICKETS HONORED ON STEAMERS 
All Classes of Ticketii sold reading via (.irand Trunk. 
Miihii,'an Central and Wabash Railways, between Buf- 
falo and Detroit, will be accepted for transportatiou on 
I>. & B. Stre. in either direction between Buffalo and 
DetroiU A. A. SCHANTZ, (i.S.&P.T.M., Lletroit.Mich. 



WANTED 



The publishers of Rod and Gun in Canada want 
a representative in every city and town in Canada and 
the United States, to solicit subscriptions for this inter- 
esting and valuable publication. We will pay a liberal 
commission to those whom we feel warranted placing 
the agency with. This is an opportunity that should he 
taken advantage of by anv person desiring to make 
good money. For furtiier particulars, please address 
Subscription Department, 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA, 
■W. J. TAYLOR, Publisher, 

^Voodstock. Ont. 



OF INTEREST TO ANGLERS 

is tlie new revised edition of 

AMERICAN FISHES 

BY C. BKOWN GOODE. LI..D. , L.^TE U. S. COMMISSIONER 
OF FISHERIES 



.■\ popular treatise upon the game and food fishes of 
North America, with special reference to habits and 
methods of capture. Several chapters of additional 
material have been added, includmg a complete classifi- 
cation of all North American fishes. The numerous 
illustrations include six full- page colored plates, and a 
fine half-tone portrait of Dr. Goode. Revised and edited 
by Professor Theodore N. Gill, of the Smithonian 
Institution. REGULAR PRICE $3.60 

We, the publishers of ROD .AND GL'.N IN 
CANADA will send a copy of this book absolutely Iree 
upon receipt of FOUR NEW SUBSCRIPTIONS to 
the only publication in America devoted exclusively to 
the interests of hunting, fishing, and trap-shooting m 
Canada, viz; — 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Send us your own and three other subscriptions 
and this valuable and excellent book is yours. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM 
SEND IOC. FOR SAMPLE COPY 

.Address — Subscription Department, 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA. 
W.J. Tayloh, Publisher. 

Woodstock, Ontario. 



"When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD AND GUN IN CANADA."- 



82 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




Tliese pictures in watercolor. photogravures colored by hand, comljining the work of six different artists. Ueese 
drawn bv Lvnn B. Hunt. Water color work by S. A. Tliors— and other.*. Sizei'-xao on paper 22 x 28 inches. 
Prices si 00 e.ich. two for $^.50. Photogravures plain, $i-Co each, t«o for $1 7;. Halftone reproductions. 
:; X •- sent free. E HENDRICK, 218 E. 18th Street, NEW YORK. 



Tourists Hunters 
ATTENTION! 



1 have not killed lions with ■' Icddy", 
on the Little Missouri, nor grizzlies" 
with a .22. but 1 supply the most re- 
liable guides and hunters in the Ca- 
nadian Rockies. 

SPECIALTIES Fishing, Bear and Caribou Hunting 
TERMS REASONABLE. 



ROBT. E. CAIVIPBELL, 



Laggan, Alia. 



C. P. R. Guide, 



Field, B. C. 



EASTERN GUN WORKS 



We lia\e just received from England 
a shipment of finest Walnut for stocking 
high grade guns. Our work is done \>y 
an expert and guaranteed. 

WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF GUN REPAIRING 
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. 



4LEX. JOHNSTON, 

494 Eastern Avenue,Toronto 




. Uuii.li K.iMil.l..-.l will, a ■-•-. .vlii.a.r 1 ;;-4 l.y .'. Sj.-. Uil tin 1111..1. M..I,. 



The Detroit River 
Boat and Oar Co. 

I le^ ..;niTs avd Build. i> ol 

HIGH-GRADE PLEASURE BOATS 
Steam, Gas and Electric Launches, 

Kacing .Shells, Sail Yachts, Row Boats, 

Working Boats. Yacht Tenders, 

Hunting Boats, Barges, Life 

Boats. Buck Boats, Canoes. 

Vawl Boats. St. Lawrence 

River Skiffs. 

FOREIGN TRADE A SPECIALTY. 

Our Leader— .A 22 foot Launch like cut 
lor $37;. equipped with a 3 H. P. Engine 

D. N. PERRY. Prop. 

WORKS ; Foot Orange St. 

UY.^NDOTTF., MICH. 



When writnii: 



advertisers kindly mention HOD .\.\T) GI'N IN" CAX.\D.\.' 



ROD AXD Ui'iV LV CANADA 



83 



Athclctics at Wcstmount. 

Hv H. BlI.l.lNiiSI.I-.V POI.IWK.A. 



A splendid example of what can he 
done in the way of outdoor athletics in a 
suburban town is aftorded' by what has 
been accomplished at Westmount, a subur- 
ban town of the Metropolis of Canada, 
with a population of some ten thousand 
souls. The town is beautifully situated on 
the western slopes of Mount Royal, and is 
purely residential, there being an entire 
absence of manufacturing establishments. 
It possesses the further advantage of some 
twenty-seven acres of land laid out in 
public parks, and thus afTords unequalled 
opportunities for those fond of recreation 
and out-door sports. 

Nine years ago, a few young men of 
the town organized the Westmount Rughy 
Football Club, and from this small begin- 
ning the W. A. A. A. came into existence. 
The membership' grew steadily from year 
to year, and with the increasing members 
new clu'bs were organized, until today, no 
fewer than six clubs and numerous de- 
partments are open to the association 
members. 

Athletics are necessary to all, parti- 
cularly to the youth of a community, and 
the application of physical culture should 
be studied with' care. A physical instructs 
or IS indispensible to every athletic club 
or association, one who will watch the 
development of a boy, prescribe the neces- 
sary exercise, and also prevent over-exer- 
tion. The W. A. A. A. therefore have 
made the junior gymnasium work a very 
important feature, regular classes being 
held during the winter months, and as many 
as sixty boys are frequently on the floor 
of the gymnasium. 

Basket ball takes the place of a good 
deal of gymnastic work, particularly with 
the older members, and great interest has 
been shown in this form of exercise. Ten 
teams forming three leagues— senior, inter- 
mediate and junior— competed for the tro- 
phies this past season. 

The gymnasium, however, but serves as 
a training >»chool, for the young athlete is 
soon found taking an active part in one 
or more of the outdoor sports. 

Rugby football, one of the ^nost stren- 
uous of our outdoor sports, continues to 



hold the interest of the followers of this 
game. The Westmount Rugby Football 
Club last fall had four teams in the field, 
three of these. Senior, Intermediate and 
Junior in the Quebec Rugby Football Union 
Series, and a fourth team playing with an 
Independent league. The practices are us- 
ually held from 6 to 7 a. m. and as many 
as sixty players are often out thus early 
enjoying the game. This club had the hon- 
or of winning the Canadian Intermediate, 
and also the Provincial Junior Champion- 
ship in 1903— neither team losing a single 
match during the season. 

The interest in our national game of 
hockey increases apace and appears (o lie 
general throughout Canada, as it is esti- 
mated that 180,000 hockey sticks valued 
at $35,000 were used in the Dominion last 
winter, being in excess of any foruior sea- 
son. Three teams. Senior, Intermediate and , 
.lunior represented the W. H. C. in the C. 
A. H. L. series last season. The facilities 
for hockey afforded both the play- 
ers and public at the mammoth 
"Arena" are unexcelled anywhere. This 
building is situated in Westmount, and 
can accommodate about seven thousand peo- 
ple. Each club has commodious dressing 
rooms, and a refreshment room is one of 
the many conveniences at the disposal of 
the public. 

Association football was introduced in 
the W. A. A. A. two years ago, ^hrough 
the efforts of a number of "old country" 
boys. The success attending the senior 
team of the W. A. F. C. last season is 
worthy of note. Seventeen games were 
played with the following results:— l''our- 
teen wins, two draws, and one loss, there- 
by winning the "City Championship" the 
"Charity Cup" and the "Caledonian Tro- 
phy", the latter becoming the Club's pro- 
perty, having been won the previous year. 



FISHING. 



BLACK BASS AND SALMON TROUT 

llhisirated Guide with Maps of the 
RIDEAU. BEVERLEY and CHARLESTON 
LAKES, free. Apply to E. A. GEIGER. Supt. and 
G. P. A. Brockville, Westport & North Western Rail- 
way Co., Brockville, Ont. 



84 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



No doubt the visit of the Corinthian team 
this summer will give to this popular 
game a fresh interest with the sport lov- 
ing public. 

The grand old English game of Cricket 
is a feature of the Association work, hav- 
ing been played by members of the W. A. 
A. A. since 1897. The \V. C. C. has a re- 
cord of steady progress, and this year the 
prospects are excellent. 

Lacrosse, the so-called national game 
of Canada was but recently introduced in 
the W. A. A. A., the W. L. 0. having 
been organized a year ago. There is some- 
thing very fascinating in this game, it is 
scientific and fast, and these features make 
it at once not only a good game to play, 
but interesting for the spectators. The 
Club entered a team in the Junior Lacros- 
se League of Montreal last year, and from 
the interest then shown, this coming sea- 
son should mark a decided step in advance. 

Unlike the sports referred to above, 
tennis may be enjoyed by both sexes to- 
gether, and therefore is very popular. The 
■ W. T. C. was organized four years ago. 



We Can 
Qualify 
You For 
The Civil 
Service 



If you are iin American 
over 18 years of age and 
able to read and write, we 
can qualify you for a good 
jiMveniiuent position. The 
ruai IN low. Write at once 
fi.r <'\v\\ Service. Booklet. 
stttt'- Hi;!'. 

Iiiti-nint'l <V»pr<'J*- Soh.KiU 
lto\ ni.; i Nrrontrtn. I'b- 



SJn^€^y^te 



lliil.iu-.m-s pro 

JWilh peril. I 

critical mniiit 

. out, contains 



;rlv lh< 



REAL 



sensitive mecli; 
ttie rcL-1 never fails at »< 
■■3inOiie"».mt gnin.dry^ 
aci.l. "S in One" prevents 
rust on every part, add- 
int; ve-^rs to tlie life, and 
liriyinncss to the iHiatity j 
<.f even the finest. C.<i 
■r* ¥71 Ul ¥ f. .r llic rod loo-prescrv 
K r, r i li tlie wood, ptomotini; pin- 
**-*-^ Mlity-protects the metal. 

rf-VTI Cood for fisher also— the | 

■ III, deliiaie. pleas.int odor I 
^-'■*'"' keeps oir mos<iuito5. 

Try it. All dealers. Tri.al LotUe se^tt free. 
Write I.) 

, W. COI.E CO. 
W-isliincton l-ife Uld^ 
New V..rkCily 



For Sale— A llionuii;lily- trained rab- 
bit-hound, female, 2 years, 17 in. high, 
weight 30 lbs., color black, white and 
fawn Ran with dogs on a dozen foxes 
last fall. BERT C. WATTS, Chesterfield. 



and fills an important place in the athlet- 
ic life of Westmount. There are few games 
which are so thoroughly enjoyable, par- 
ticularly during the summer months. Two 
separate tournaments are arranged for 
each season, one for ladies and one for 
gentlemen, which result in some very ex- 
citing contests. 

The ladies of Westmount take a very 
keen interest in athletics, and number 
about eighty of a total association mem- 
bership of four hundred and fifty. 

Probably few readers have ever heard 
of a Ladies' Pedestrian Club, but such a 
club has been in operation for two years 
with success. As the name indicates, the 
members encourage walking, and take part 
in this form of exercise once a week dur- 
ing the Fall and Winter Seasons. 

Basket ball is played by the lady mem- 
bers, the gymnasium being reserved for 
their work two afternoons each week. 

Hockey too has many fair devotees, 
and the game is played by them with a 
skill which is truly marvelous. 

The W. A. A. A. have a large well 
equipped gymnasium with shower and 
plunge bath in conjunction, and a year 
ago, purchased new grounds, admirably 
situated, about a mile from the club house. 
The dimensions are 700 x 264 ft., upon 
which it is proposed to erect, in the near 
future, a. grand stand with suitable dress- 
ing rooms. 

Although the aquisition of property is 
no small undertaking today, on the out- 
skirts of a great city, 50 per cent, of the 
cost price has been raised within a year. 
Altogether apart from the physical bene- 
fits of an amateur athletic association, the 
social life, with its many attractions, is a 
strong feature. 

This very brief outline it is hoped may 
serve to show the interest taken in ama- 
teur athletics in Westmount and the pro- 
gress made by the W. A. A. A. during the 
past few years. 

There is, for the youth of all athletic 
bodies, an inspiration in the feeling of go- 
ing forward with the growth and pro- 
gress of a glowing organization and com- 
munity, and when relinguishing the more 
strenuous sports, feeling equipped to take 
up the heavier responsibilities of life, whe- 
ther in town or country, with stronger 
resolutions and greater zeal. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



8.S 



Our Medicine Bag. 



Dr. Robert T. Morris, the famous sur- 
geon, sportsman, and naturalist, of New 
York, is undertaking an arduous trip 
down the River Winnebago, from Winne- 
bago Siding into the Moose River to Jam- 
es' Bay. If this river has ever teen ex- 
plored we have no record of it. We know 
that the latter part, near where it joins 
the Moose, has been utilised by the Hud- 
son's Bay Company. Dr. Morris is a man 
who loves a difficult trip of this kind, and 
a man who is far more likely to take care 
of his guides than to allow his guides to 
take care of him. He writes to "Rod 
and Gun":— "I. do not care anything about 
flies, because I always have a mixture of 
carbolic acid and sweet oil, one in ten, 
along. I have started in with the new 
crop of hungry flies in Maine on .June 1st, 
then have gone to the new crop in Quebec 
by the middle of June, and have ended up 
with the new Labrador crop in July. Tell 
me please about the permanganate. It is 
not a feature of any of the mixtures that 
I have used, but may be excellent, as it 
neutralizes some of the poisons similar to 
those produced by the flies." "Rod and 
Gun" will ha^Q to ask the Doctor's par- 
Jon for publishing this, but it is useful in- 
formation to the public, and the public in- 
terest must be our excuse. The Editor of 
"Rod and Gun" has used permanganate, 
about one in fifteen, with tar and penny- 
royal, with splendid effect. In the very 
worst mosquito country, and at the worst 
part of the season, neither sand flies, 
black flies, bull dogs, ncr mosquitoes left 
the slightest mark when they did, (very 
rarely) get in a bite. 

The Doctor wants to know if salmon 
run up the Moose River from Hudson's 
Bay. 

Stealing from a cache is one of the 
meanest of thefts, and such a case is re- 
ported from Nanaimo, B. C, whilst to add 
to its meanness (if that were possible) 
the thieves had previously been hospitably 
entertained by the party who had made 
the cache, and heard of its existence in 
the course of the conversation' over the 
camp fire. There are some white men who 
badly need to learn an elementary lesson 
in honesty from the Indians. 



.\ creamy white robin with breast of a 
reddish tinge has been visiting in the 
neighborhood of Quebec. Ornithologists 
have recorded previous visitations by such 
a bird but they are extremely rare. 

<r 

From Boston comes a couple of fish 
stories. The landing of "the grandfather 
of all cod fish," "the biggest one ever 
brought on to Boston within the memory 
of the oldest fisherman" is the first. This 
unique specimen weighed 85 lbs after be- 
ing dressed, and was almost six feet in 
length. 

The second is that one of the attrac- 
tions of the Easter exhibit of fish at the 
Faneuil Market, Boston, was a sturgeon 
weighing 150 lbs. We need only add that 
this was caught in Nova Scotian waters. 

A salmon weighing 25 lbs., was caught 
off the Western Banks, and taken into 
Halifax where it was sold to a local fish 
dealer. Men who have fished out of Hali- 
fax for thirty years say they have never 
heard of a like occurrence 

Fines amounting in the aggregate to 
$240.60, said to be the highest ever inflict- 
ed in the history of the Province, have 
been imposed at Halifax in the case of six 
residents who violated the game laws of 
Nova Scotia. If such policy is well fol- 
lowed up the illegal slaughtering of moose 
will .soon cease. 

An attack by five wolves upon a trap- 
per is reported from North Sydney, N. S. 
The man shot three dead, but the' other 
two closed in upon him, and only the oppor- 
tune appearance of a lumberman saved his 
life. His clothes were torn from his body, 
and his arms badly lacerated. 

Wolves are not merely troublesome in 
Canada, but likewise in some of the Stat- 
es, and James Colgin, described as the 
champion wolf slayer of Michigan,' recent- 
ly killed thirteen in one day, using both 
poison —strychnine in suet — and his gun. 
With bounties— $7 per head from the State 
and $15 from the County— and the pelts, 



86 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



he realized .floU. At that rate of remun- 
eration wolf hunting will become popular. 

Reports which are now ccming in from 
the Hudson's Bay Posts in the far North 
arc to the effect that the wolves have 
wrought great destruction in Northern 
Canada during the past winter. Wood 
l.ultaloes have been attacked by them so 
ferociously that trappers say the extermin- 
ation of these animals is pretty certain if 
some effective campaign is not made against 
the wolves. They believe that only the 
Dominion Government can pficctually per- 
form this work 

From the Peace River country , comes 
the' talc of two Indian children having 
been devoured by wolves. They were left 
alone in the hut all day by their father, 
whose wife had died, and when the father 
returned after his day's hunt all he found 
were the bones outside. 

It is difficult enough to enforce Provin- 
cial game laws, but what will it be when 
it comes to national and even internation- 
al laws on the subject? The Supreme 
Court of the State of New York has just 
decided that it is no offence against the 
laws of that State to expose imported 
birds for sale during the close season. It 
seems probable that this case will be car- 
ried to the Supreme Court of the United 
States for final decision. 

A young Swede named Carl Hallstrand 
has told a Winnipeg paper a thrilling 
storv of throttling a 300 lb. cinnamon 
bear' with his hand.s. Carl shot the bear 
in the neighborhood of Golden, B. C, and 
as he thought killed him. He was feeling 
him over (it being his first bear) when 
the animal jumped up and knocked him 
down. The man succeeded in getting up, 
and grabbing the bear by the throat. He 
did the choking so thoroughly that the 
bear let him go. Carl then got his gun 
again and finished him— with no mistake 
this time. In order to make sure of the 
truth of this story a wandering photo- 
grapher who happened to witness the 
struggle took a snapshot and the photo 
has been copyrighted. 



I'heasanls are being brought from dif- 
ferent parts of the world in order that a 
pheasantry may be established at Banff. 
.'\rtificial heat is being resorted to in ord- 
er that these beautiful birds may be kept 
in Canada. 

While it is illegal to kill fish in the 
Province of Quebec in any other way than 
with rod and line (unless under special 
permit) a good deal of shooting is said to 
prevail, and pike, trout, and salmon are 
all treated in the same way. 

A Winnipeg journal quotes from a num- 
ber of advertisements offering sporting es- 
tates in Great Britain at yearly rentals 
which, as the writer truly says, "would 
keep a man and family of twelve sporting 
children for several years in Canada" with 
all the game thrown in. 

An old country paper gives us the other 
side of the picture. The sportsmen there 
are being spoiled (some of them at least) 
by luxuriousness. "They have their load- 
ing done for them, their birds are driven 
to them, and in greatly increased numbers, 
their luncheon hours are devoted to many 
courses of food and wine, and they get 
home by motor as quickly as possible af- 
ter the shooting is over." This is true 
only of some sportsmen of Great Britain, 
and for these Canada can have no use. 

A strange scene was witnessed in the 
streets of Winnipeg a few days ago. Two 
cow moose were in transit to the author- 
ities of the Zoo at River Park. While go- 
ing through the streets one of these ani- 
mals made a frantic dash against the bars 
of the crate in which they were confined, 
with the result that the crate fell off the 
dray and was smashed leaving the animals 
loose. A number of men were soon in pur- 
suit, but the moose would probably have 
escaped, had not a telephone man, who 
happened to be an old rancher, lassoed 
them. 

Curious stories come from the Adiron- 
dacks which, if true, provide good reasons 
for leaving that district by sportsmen. 
The deputy wardens are alleged to trap 
the innocent guides, and the poachers to 
do the same bv the tourists. The latter 



ROD AXD GL'N IN CAXADA 



87 



are induced to join in some illegal act, and 
then the poachers tell on them and share 
in the penally. It would appear as if pay- 
ing informants in this way is not the 
right thing to do. 

•r 
Strong advocacy is given by a Vancou- 
ver paper to the formation of a Fish and 
Game Protection Association for British 
Columbia. If this can be accomplished, 
and the two new provinces now in the mak- 
ing will join in the work, the whole of Can- 
ada will be fairly covered, and some effect- 
ive legislation in the cause of protection 
should be the result. 

Mr. Dillon Wallace, the survivor of the 
unfortunate Hubbard expedition to Labra- 
dor, is reported to be contemplating a fur- 
ther exploration trip there this summer- 
He has gone to Missanabie to make ar- 
rangements with George Elson, the half- 
breed guide who behaved so well during 
the Hubhard expedition, and to secure oth- 
er men whom George can recommend as 
assistants. Evidently the "Lure of the 
Labrador Wild" is too strong to be resist- 
ed by Mr. Wallace, even after his terrible 
experiences, hut he means this time to 
plan his expedition thoroughly, and to so 
carefully lay his plans, that with his pre^- 
vious knowledge to guide him there may 
this time be no possible miscarriage. 

The estimates just passed by the Ont- 
ario House show an increase of $4,000 for 
the protection of game. 

It is stated in Toronto that the close 
season for beaver is being extensively vio- 
lated in Kew Ontario. Imprison the law- 
breakers. 

We would call the attention of our read- 
ers to an important article in our present 
Issue on the Ontario Forest Reserves by 
Mr. James Dickson, O. L. S., of Fenelon 
Falls, Ont. The writer is a thoroughlv ex- 
perienced man, and his suggestions are 
worth full consideration by those in auth- 
ority. 

«r 

We are pleased to hear as we are go- 
ing to press that a thoroughly responsible 
firm in Toronto is to put on very com- 



fortable modern steamers on the Lake 
Timagami route that will connect with the 
Grand Trunk and Canadian Pacific Rail- 
nays via North Bay and with the Cana- 
dian Pacific Ry., via Lake Timiskaming, 
by the following route viz— rail to Timis- 
kaming Station, steamer Timiskaming to 
Haileybury and thence rail to Timagami. 
A.t Timagami Station steamers can be 
taken for a trip around Lake Timagami. 
The round trip up via Timiskaming and 
down by rail to North Bay is a very tine 
way of seeing Timagami. 

The French River is considered by 
old fishermen to furnish about the best 
bass and maskinonge fishing in America 
today. A fine trip is to take the Canadian 
Pacific Ry., at Buffalo or Toronto to Ow- 
en Sound, and there take the steamers 
"Manitou" or ' "Caribou," which go' direct 
from Owen Sound to French River Village, 
and paddle up the French River to its 
source in Lake Nipissing. Canoes and out- 
fit can be had in French River Village or 
canoes can be brought from Owen Sound. 
At the outlet of Lake Nipissing into the 
French River a comfortable steamer con- 
nects with North Bay or Sturgeon Falls 
and from thence the Timiskaming and 
Northern Ontario Ry., will take anyone 
wishing to go to Lake Timagami in four 
or five hours. Any one taking that trip 
will have been in the best fishing and 
game country in the north. 

The following extract from the "Rod 
and Gun" column of the "Weekly News 
Advertiser," Vancouver, B. C., is too 
good to allow to pass. — 

GAME PRESERVATION 

Although Special Laws Are Passed, Peo- 
ple Must Assist. 
Now that the Provincial Government 
has amended the game laws and made a de- 
|)artment for the protection of game, much 
has been affected. But people must not 
allow themselves to be persuaded that 
legislation is all that is necessary to pre- 
serve game. True, all, or nearly all, that 
legislation can do has been done, but there 
is yet more that the individual can effect. 
Let the Government and its officers en- 
force the Act and obtain convictions for 
everv infraction of the law possible; let 



88 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



them do all that mortal man can do in 
that way, and yet each and every person 
can effect better service. All that any 
government can do is to prosecute and pun- 
ish offenders for infraction of the game 
laws, but that is only remedied and not 
"true" preservation. The people have it 
in their power to do much good that the 
Government cannot do. They can protect 
wanton and useless destruction of birds 
and animals. Let each person avoid shooting 
more than he has use for and can legally 
take. Let him do all in his power to pre- 
vent others from shooting out of season, 
always remembering that every hen bird 
destroyed at this season of the vear is 
full I of eggs. One hen pheasant killed in 
the Spring means a dozen birds less next 
season. 

Then again there is much wanton and 
useless destruction of animal life in sea- 
son that can be prevented. For example, 
the shooting of birds or animals from the 
deck of a steamer or from the footboard 
of a railway train, or the destruction of 
life when there is no possibility of recov- 
criTig the bird or animal. It is needless to 
say that acts such as these are the mere 
wanton act of thoughtless youth or ignor- 
ant adult, and as such should ho easily 
corrected. 

There is also another and worse ex- 
ample, of which even the sportsman pro- 
per can sometimes be convicted. We refer to 
the thoughtless 'shooting; of game in a posi- 
tion where recovery is impossible by reason 
of the nature of the ground, or at a time 
when darkness overtakes them before the 
game can be recovered. 

Real game protection is to foster the 
game and prevent useless destruction. An 
example of both will be found in the fol- 
lowing: Several winters ago during a 
hard s.pell of frost and snow the pheasants 
became very tame. The wife of a farmer 
residing on the banks of the Fraser took 
to feeding the birds close to the house. 
In a short time she had a numl)er of 
pheasants come regularly to be fed, and 
thus was preserving game in the ideal 
sense. Alas, however, the "game hog" 
came along in the shape of her next door 
neighbor, who found out what was going 
on, and one day, when the birds were feed- 
ing, he sneaked along and deliberately 
"browned" the lot, and doubtless flattered 



himself that he had done the '"smart" 
thing. 

This is a true story, and yet it gives 
a good example of both real protection 
and wanton destruction. Many people do 
not realize what they can individually do 
to preserve game by preventing useless de- 
struction in season or out. Neither do 
they realise that game in its wild state 
is nothing more or less than the "world's 
larder," the stock of which must be care- 
fully kept up, otherwise the larder will 
soon be empty. 

I would like to add to it a word of re- 
monstrance to our visiting American 
sportsmen, who have been accused of kill- 
ing in one case two cow moose and in 
another a much larger number while fish- 
ing in mid-summer, and allowing the meat 
to rot. It may be that the charge was 
false and that natives were responsible. 
We are doing our utmost to educate Can- 
adians of all classes to the necessity of 
protecting game and fish. All that they 
need to do is to obey the laws. The peo- 
ple of Ontario sin less in that reSipect 
than in other provinces with the excep- 
tion of Manitoba, where the general de- 
sire to protect the game is very strong, 
and the excellent legislation, backed by 
public opinion, both in Ontario and Mani- 
toba, is bringing about an increase of 
game. Not that conditions are perfect in 
either Province by any means, but they 
are improving. 

•r 
There are a great number of sheltered 
islands and points along the north shore 
of Lake Superior. The Indians have pad- 
dled their canoes along that shore for 
ages, and any ordinary canoeist in such a 
canvas covered cedar canoe as is made by 
the St. Lawrence Canoe Company, of Mon- 
treal, on the Indian pattern, will find it 
as sa'e as canoeing anywhere else. He 
will of course lose a little time on stormy 
days, but it he has selected a good camp- 
ing place he can find shelter even in the 
heaviest storms. Nipigon and Michipicnten 
are good outfitting points. The fishing 
along the shore is very good indeed. The 
United States and Dominion Transporta- 
tion Company run a steamer from Owen 
Sound to Duhith taking in the entire north 
shore; and the Canadian Pacific have ex- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



89 



press steamers from the Soo to Port Ar- 
thur. The railway itself crosses all the 
good fishing rivers on the north shore of 
the Lake. 

The Japs have taught us how to light. 
He has shown us in a most unmistakable 
way how backward the Medical Depart- 
ments in our armies have proved to be in 
comparison with us. Now he is coming 
out as an infinitely more scientific fisher- 
man, as far as commercial fishing is con- 
cerned, than those who a decade since 

HOTEL ALBERT 

One Block West of Broadway. Corntr of University 
Place and lith Street, ^ew York, N.Y. 
A moderate priced hotel of 300 rooms ranging from 
one dollar per day upwards. Location central yet 
quiet. Appointments and service liberal. 

L. FRENKEL, Proprietor. 



HOTEL VICTORIA 

Broadway, Fifth Ave. and 27th St., 
NEW YORK CITY. 

-nccommodaiion for 500 Guests- 
150 Rooms witli Bath Eui opean Plan 

Hot and Cold Water and Telephone in every Room 

GEO. W. SWEENEY, Prop. 

A Perfect Fountain Pen 

For One Dollar 



«\ 



Guaranteed Perfect 

Sent postpaid to any 
address upon receipt 
of One Dollar. 



Akron Fountain Pen Co. 

AkroD, Ohio. 
AGENTS WANTED EVERYWHERE 



thought him a barbarian. For instance, 
the Japanese have 2,340,000 professional 
fishermen, as against 150,000 in the United 
.States. They have half a million fishing 
boats, 18,000 of which are thirty feet long, 
and 85,000 more than eighteen feet. The 
volunteer crews that have done the most 
daring acts in the Jap-Russo war have 
been fishermen. The Japanese institutions 
have scientific fishing courses 

with the faculties and students, 
and in this respect are away 
ahead of any nation in the world. The 
Japanese Fishery Society was organised 25 
years ago and it is doing a splendid work 
independently of the Government. It pub- 
lishes a monthly journal, and has 4,979 
members. The Japanese in a short time 
will teach us how to treat many fish that 
have no value for us to-day so as to make 
them exceedingly palatable. From a con- 
sideration of these facts the writer learns 
many things. One of them is the folly of 
excluding from our shores such men as the 
Japanese. Actions of this kind are to be 
looked upon as unmistakable signs of de- 
cadence, on the part of the nation per- 
petrating them. Earnest endeavors .should 
be made to educate our workmen to this 
fact. We must invite the Japanese here ; 
we must learn from them all they have to 
teach us ; we must learn from them more 
economical habits as regards time and our 
manner of living ; and they will learn from 
us the larger and more generous way of 
life if it is good for them. It is certainly 
time our Governments, institutions, writ- 
ers, and speakers should hold up high on 
this signal of degeneracy (the exclusion of 
Japanese) to warn us of what must surely 
come upon us if we do not now vigorously 
fight against it. What we want is the 
more simple life, and the governmental 
control of all Trusts and Corporations 
whether it be of capitalists or labourers 
that tend to enslave the nation. These 
must be put down. Eyes wide open, look- 
ing at all things and all men upon their 
merits, without prejudice, so that we may 
learn from them everything that is better 
than what we know, and do it, is what 
all America needs today. Then we need 
to elect good governments that will leaii 
the ignorant rather than purchase their 
votes. 



go 



ROD AND GLN IN CANADA 



Either Way You Look At It 

From the standpoint of cither .w/i'/)' (;r i/cc;// in ). no better weapon for defence or 

T^)z):x:^::"<sm\ i iiiiiii «■:;!» 



No safety mechanism could be more 
■simple and perfect — a device that jiicans safety, with- 
out anv 



ifs'or "buts" about it. The 



IVER Johnson 



REVOLVERS 

need not be handled carefully; with 
Lliambers fully loaded, drop it on the 
Hour, strike it witli a I la in mer— throw- 
it around anyway— it can't possibly go 
(iff unless you puU the trigg*;r. We 
u.mldn't advise you to try this with 
my other revolver. 
For sale by all leading: Hardware and 
Sporting UooJs Jeahrs. 
Hammer. $5 UO. Hammerless. SO.OO 
Write for our bright little booklet, 
"Shots" and complete catalogue, /r-« 

Jvcr Johnson's Arnvs and Cycle Works^ 

FITCHBUKG MASS 



THERE IS MONEY 

IN TRAPPING FUR 

If you are properly equipped 




The NeAvl\o\ise Trap 

Is necessary. It costs more and earns more thnn 
any other. 

Absolutely Guiraatsed Illustrated catalogue on 
application 

ONtlOA CO^MUMrr ltd., Niagara falls. Oat. 



Established 1655 . 

Sell £* Prichard 

SPORTING 
TAIL0R8 

Fishing and Shooting Suits a Specialty. 
2 LUDGATE CIRCUS, 

/Opposite Cook's I'mirists OtBec LONDON, EnG. 



Eiiulish Maii'i'artiirt Throiiolioiil. lOHIV Rl AlVf^H 




& SON 

29 Oracechurch St. London. E. c. 



V 6 

. ^ Hammerless Ejector ^ ^ Mannmerless 
^l Guns, $105 { { Guns. $60 



Sitrn Proof. 




ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 91 

''EXPERT" REEL 



18 ft. Cedar Rib Caiioe 



Want a Canoe ? 

Send us Sixty two 
Subscribers to 

Rod and Gun in Canada 

and we will have the Peterboro Canoe 
Co., of Peterboro, Ontario, send yon a 
16-foot \'arnished Basswood Canoe, 
listed at S37. The models of the Peter- 
boro Canoe Co. are known for their beauty 
and grace; for light work: for speed, etc. 
This is certainl}- a Premium worth work- 
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Premium Department, 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

414 Huron St., Toronto 
Examine carefully our Premium Department 



ENGINE ONLY 




AUTO-MARINE 
MOTOR" 

$37.50 



Convert your 

Row boat into 

a LAVNCh 

''■.l;it 11.. J.. ' 
la-. '-liDWii iL-ailv 

•-> ll. p. 

No valves, gears, 
spring uri-aiiis. .Tuiii]. ~|>Lirk l;i\ ..rvilil.-. Speed control. Only 
three iiioviiij.' jurt-... ruiikt uox tie in;id.- lielter if it eost five times 
;u* much. OKDEK NOW— they are selling so fa^t vou may l»e dis- 
appointed later. 

Auto Marine Motors from i to 20 h. p. 
Detroit Auto-Marine Co.. 67 East Congress St. 

K,.no.rlv lletroil 1 .... k.iM ,ii,u;i l .. liKTKillT. Mien. 



$1,000 will buy a Hunting Lodge 
situated on one of the most picturesque 
and best bass and trout lakes in Ontario. 
First-class shooting. Easily accessible 
by rail from Toronto or Ottawa. An 
ideal place for a Club. Owner leaving the 
country. For particulars apply Box x, 
lOSQ. Ottawa Ont. 



FOR SALE: 

steel firtiifjun Bart-el, 
order: first rlieqne for 

4. J. DAWSON- WOODSTOCK. ONT 



linind lieu: \ti ..' Winches- 
ter SiifTitil Rifle^ Nickel 
lull Magazine, in perfect 
■•>■.'" tal-e.-^ it 




Removable Spool, may be taken apart 
with a coin. Light, durable, simple and 
not apt to get out of order. Perforated 
spool allows line to dry on it. Cheap in 
price — but not in construction ; 3 sizes. 

A. F. MEISSELBACH & BRO. MTr's, 

Makers of the famous 

"Take-a-part" and "Featherlight'' reels 

26 Prospect St., Nkwakk. X.J. 




1 he Preserver 
ard Beautilier of 
the Complexion. 

A Positi\e Re- 
lief for Prickly 
Heat. Chafing and 
unburn. 



MENNIiX'Sf ice on every box; besure tliat yoti get (he original. 

Sulii everynliere, ur by mail 75 ceius. Smiiplc free. 

(lierliard Mi*nn4*ii Co.. i\evr:irk. .\. J. 

TRY MENNEN'S VIOLET TALCUM. 



Wlieii wiitinsr adveitis.Ts kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN C.\NADA.'' 



92 

Built in * 

the Best > 

« 

Equipped > 
Shop in 

Canada. )• 



/?0D AND GUN IN CANADA 

Gasoline Launches 



Manufacturers ol the 



NEW SUPERIOR 
ENGINE 



Construct- 
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Best Ma- 
terial Pro- 
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Simplicity 

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Unexcelled 




IS Foot Lauach Equipped »iih J H. P. Sew Superior Irngine for $290 00. 





16 Foot l.aunth F.quipped h /(/i 2 h, P. Sen- 
Superior Engine. Brass trails and Canopy for $275.00. 



High Grade, Float hetrtt Carburetor. 
'Always Ready./ 



For Further Information and Catalogue write 

e^NAOH LHUNeH AND 
ENGINE WORKS. LIMITED. 



Foot of Carlaw Avenue Toronto, Ontario. 

When wriiinj; advertisers kin.lly iiu'iuion ROD AMi ('.IN TN CAN'APA. 



ROD AXD GUN IN CANADA 



93 




Send for Catalogue. 



The 



William English Canoe Co., 

Peterborough, Ontario. 



Hoter Deiieciaire 

Broaawag and 77tb street. 
New York. 

Seventh Avenue, 
Amsterdam Ave. 
andWest 130th St. 
Cars pass the 
door. 

Luxurious rooms 
for permanent 
and transient 
gU('5;ts. 

Restaurant 

a Feature. 
Exquisite 

Palm Room. 
Art Nouveau 

Cafe. 
Royal 
Hungarian 
Orchestra. 

•' >Tost Artistically Beautiful Hotel in the 
World." Can offer few single rooms, with 
baih, beautifully furnished, suitable for two 
people, $60 per month. 

TRANSIENT RATES: 

One Room, with bath Jz.soperday 

Parlor, Bedroom, \\ilh balh. I3 and $5 per day 
Parlor, 2 Bed looms, with bath. $5 and f7 per day 

Every improvement known to moaern in- 
genuity. 

Write for our magazine, "The Hotel Belle- 
claire World." 

MILTON ROBLER, Proprietor. 





THE 

Toronto Silver Plate Co^ 

Designers and Manufacturers of wares in 
Sterling Silver and Electro Silver Plate 



Mai<ing a 
Specialty 
of Designs 
suitable 
For Prize* 
for 

Athletic 
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NO I3S3 
PEWTER LOVING CUP 

FACTORIES end SALESROOMS 

King Street, West, Toronto, Canada 

E. G. GOODERHAM. Managing Director. 

When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD AND GTX IK C.VXADA. ' 




94 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



We Outfit all Canadian Government Exploration Parties. 

WOODS, LTD. 



\ I UK I.AR<;K ((IN- ' 
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SEE OUR NEW 



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FOR TENTS 
AND SAILS 



Much lio/ili-r in urio/il, more durable and easily handled. Parties having to 
carry their tents any distance will appreciate this feature. 



WOODS, LTD., are the largest manufacturers of tents in Canada. 
We will guarantee our work, material and price, and can promise 
prompt delivery in any of our lines, with every satisfaction to our 
customer. 

Outfitting Survey Parties and Exploring Parties 

Or any parties exposed to weather a specialty. Special clothing 
and new ideas for different climates. Consult us and get the benefit 
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We can outfit one man or a thousand with everything necessary 
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ROD AND GUN AV CANADA 



95 



MAPS 




G LO V ER'S 

irvIF'ERIAL 



Ol- THE 



Muskoka Lakes, and the 
Northern Lakes of Ontario 



fontaining the latest published intornialion of tlice 
rlistricts. ,^.. 



The map of the Miickoka Lakes is a veritable direc- 
tory of the Lakes, and includes a list of Cottages, Hotels. 
Telegraph and Express Offices— with the distances be- 
tween important points. I'rice. paper 750.. cloth. $1.25. 

The Map of the Northern Lakes of Ontario embraces 
ihedislrict bounded by French River and Lake Nipis- 
sing on the north. Lake Sinicoe and the Kawartha 
Lakes on the south, Georgian Bay on the west, and the 
(Mtawa Kiver on the east. It is a guide to several canoe 
trips, including the .Moon River from Muskoka Lake to 
(jeorgian Bay, and the Severn River from Lake Simcoe 
o Georgian Bay. Price, paper, 75c. ; cloth, $1.25. 



DOG REMEDIES. 



Ihe result of iwenly-hve years' experience 
in the trealnient of 

SICK DOOS. 



FOR SALE BY DRUGGISTS AND DEALERS IN 
SPORTING GOODS IN CANADA. 



For Sale In all Booksellers and by 

AllCnlC & Co., clmpers'"supph!s" '" 

7 KING STREET WESI\ Toronto, On r 



KkEI-: BOOK ON 

DOG DISEASES AND HO'W TO PEED 

On application to 

H CLAY GLOVER, VS.. 1278, Broadway, New York 

T!. S. A. 



CLEAR VIEW 

Acetylene Search Light 



for Small N'aciUs. Launches and 
Pleasure Boats of all kinds. Generates 
its own gas. Projects a powerful light. 
Kntirely automatic. Indispcnsible for 
night boating; making landings; de- 
tecting obstructions; locating buoys 
and penetrating fog &c. 

iVrite ^or Cataloi^if. 



AMERICAN ACETYLENE STOVE CO., 

502 Masonic Temple, MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. 




If yoa want the best 



Folding Canvas Boat made, we have it, and its backed by yearsof successful use and 
reputation. Best quality, and best price. First prize at World's Fair, Chicago, 
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A Catalog-ue of 100 Ensraving-s and 400 testimonials on receipt of 6 cts. 

KING FOLDING CANVAS BOAT CO., 
667 North St., Kalamazoo, Mich., U.S.A. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND .GUN IN CANADA. 



96 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



The Hunter E. Z. Apart Reel 




I'.STABLISHen 
OVKR 

loo Ykars. 



The best and simplest Take-Down Reel made 

Fine German Silver, phosphor bronze 
bearings and strictly high grade. 

INSIST upon your dealer showing this Reel, 

PRICE $5.00 

If your dealer does not have it send the 
$5-oo to us for one ; express paid. 

N'oiir money l)ack if you want it. 

The Chamberlin 
Cartridge & Target Co. 

CLEVELAND, O 



BUILD YOUP OWN BOAT 



BROOKS 




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SYSTEM 



AY^STEM 



BROOKS 
SYSTEM 



IF vou ranilnve a \\\\\ and cat out a piece of material 
from a full sued pattern ycu can build a Canoe, Row- 
boat, Sail Boat or Launch in your leisure time at home, 
and the building will be a source of profit and pleasure. 

All you need is the patterns, costing from $2.50 up 
and materials from $5.00 up. The tools are common 
in everv household. Patterns of over forty styles and 
sizes, all lengths from 12 to to 55 feet. 

The Brooks System consists of e.xact size printed 
piper patterns of overv part of the boat, with detailed 
instructions and working illustrations showing eath 
step of the work, an itemized bill of material required 
and how to secure it. 

OVKR Sl.\ rmU'S.VNO AMATEURS suct'sfiillv bililt iMiiits l.y tlir 
lifiKik-i System iHStyi-ar. .Vi per cent of them have Miilt thi-ir sr.'aiid 
bout. Many havi> esUibllshed themselves in the Iwat manufactiirlnK 
luiHiness. 

fntalosruri ami partirulars KRRE. For 25c. 100-pa?e rjitaiogue rnii- 
titliiiiit; vulii.ilil'- iiir<n-matii.n for the amateur varhtsman. sbowhip sov 
. r;il wnikiiii.' illu>tr;iti.iiis of raeh boat, and a full set for one twat. Full 
line ill kii'ukilowii .iriil ■■oiniileti'il hoat>i, When so ordered, patterns 
■ IP' expn-HSiil, rh/ir^ii-i pr'-piitil, T, O, I),, to allow examination. 

BROOKS BOAT MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 

nn-iii:i("rs i.r tti.' l';itt'TIis Sy.^ti>in of \'^_'\\ I'.iiil.lilm 

-4606 Ship St.. Bay City, Mich.. U.S.A. 



:e for 1905 Il- 
lustrated Cata- 
logue, Post 
Free. 



J. BERNARD & SON, 

45 Jermvn Street, St. James', 

LONDON. ENG. 

LET'S GET ACQUAINTED! 

IF YOU WILL TRY 



(i 



JAPANESE" 



BRAND 

WRITING INKS, MUCILAGE, 

CARBON PAPER TYPEWRITER RIBBONS 

PRODUCTS OF THE HIGHEST 

MODERN SKILL AND EXPERIENCE 

You will never use any other 

They^re Perfect 

MADE IN CANADA 



The COLONIAL INK CO., Limited 

PETERBOROUGH. CANADA. 



"Whea writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN LV CAXADA 



97 



r 



' i y ^g ! t g ig* y ^ g ^ g »g ' i - »iW y 4 gf l !» ^ '^rgx..-f»r^<g^ 



\ 



"Empire" and 
"Ballistite" 



These Nobel brands ot >port:nL; powder 
were awarded the GRAND PRIZE at 
St. Louis Exhibition, and haverectntly won 

CB.S.A, Championship of England 

Championship of New York State Champion- 
ship of Kentucky, Championship of Italy 
Championship of Spain. Championship of 
Australian Commonwealth, etc 

Grand Prix de Pau. Monte Carlo 

.■\Gf:MTS FOR CANADA: 

Loaded .^^hells. 

Dominion Cartridge Company- 

i'ow(it'r 

Hamilton Powder Company. 



ttr^ 




THE AMERICAN 
PEDOMETER 

WILL TELL YOU carried like 

,.-^ .. r, J _ A WATCH- 

lUO Mile Pedometer $|.50 REGULATES TO 
10 Mile Pedometer $| 00 STEP OF WEARER 

yumbers on dial represent milea. Hand points 
out numtter of miles icalked. Case of hand- 
some nickel. If you play golf or hunt, ualk 
for business or pleasure in searrh ofhealth or 

ro J.IS,''?" "" WALKING IS MADE DOUBLY INTER- 
ESTING bij carrying a Pedometer. At your 
dialer or by mail on receipt of price. Fully 
guaranteed. Ji'ritefor booklet ' 

THE AMERICAN PEDOMETER CO. 

611 MALLEY BUILDING, NEW HAVEN, CONN. 



Canadian Selling Agents.E & V Ga ither Co , T oront 



SPECIAL OFFER 



EIGHTEEN MONTHS FOR ONE DOLLAR 



Good until July 1st, 1905 

ROD AND GUX IX CAX^ADA is a magazine that undoubtedly proves 
itself a welcome visitor from month to mouth, being the only publication in America 
devoted exclusively to Hunting, Fishing and Trap-Shooting in Canada. 

Subscription price to ROD AND GUN IN CANADA is One Dollar per 
annum, but as an inducement for you to subscribe before July, 1905, we will send you our 
Magazine from July, 1905, to January, 1907, i eighteen months ) for One Dollar. 

This is an offer that no live sportsman should ignore. 

Don t wait until tomorrow before sending: in your order. Between now and 
tomorrow many things may occur that will make you forget the offer, 
which is good only until July 1st, 1905. 

rf you are already a subscriber show this to a sportman friend of yours. 

Address:— W. J. Taylor, PubUsher, 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA, Woodstock, Ontario. 

■When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



98 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



4 




THE 



"Van 
Home 



n 



Is acknowledged ^ 

by coiinoisseUTs to ^^ 

be the li i g h e s t ^ 

grade loc. cigar in ^T 

Canada. ^^ 

— 4 

HARRIS, 4 

HARKNESS&CO., 4 

MAKERS MONTREAL ^^ 



^4^ 4^ 4^ 4^ 4^ 44 «;|:4 4^4^ 444444 44 •;|:« 44^^1^4444^ 



■^^^mi^Mi^jeOfieAfie^ie^J^je^^^el/s:^-^^^ 




t 



"DOMINION" 
I Ammunition 

Si A Little Goon Advice : 

^ Use Ammunition made in Canada. The imported costs 

more because of the duty, and is no better. Encourage 

vour own industries. 



Dominion Cartridge Co., Limited 

Manufacturers, MONTREAL 

SOLD BY A\L RELIABLE DEALERS 






•■When vviitint: advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



99 




CANOES. 

The popularity of Walter Dean's racing 
canoes is one of the features of this year's 
canoeing. Dean, at his Sunnyside works, 
has always built a safe, easily pro- 
pelled pleasure canoe. During the past four 
or five years he has devoted his surplus 
energies to producing an ideal canoe for 
the racing men. That he has about arriv- 
ed at this point is evidenced by the demand 
for his racing war canoes, fours and sing- 
les. His speed singles this year are ack- 
nowledged to be seconds faster than any- 
thing yet turned out in this part of the 
continent. 

Friends of the Savage Arms Company of 
Utica, New York, will be interested to 
know that, at the present time, this firm 
have for delivery an attractive lot of 
watch-fobs, which they are forwarding to 
all applicants who send to their office 15 
cents in stamps. These fobs are neat in 
appearance and serviceable and will no 
doubt be appreciated by the recipients. 
Every reader of this magazine will receive 
one of these fobs by sending fifteen cents 
in stamps to the Savage Arms Companv. 

Among the new Trolling Spoon Baits, 
that will have a large sale during 1905, 
we are pleased to call attention to the 
Mohawk Darter. This is, as its name 
implies, a darting spoon— and has the 
double advantage of darting and at the 
same time spinning. The Mohawk Darter 
most perfectly resembles a minnow as it 
swims and is thus the spoon bait for 
which fishermen have long been looking. It 
retails at .35 cts. and sample will be mailed 
upon receipt of price by the makers 
Clark— Horrocks Co., Utica, N. Y., U. 
S. A. 

Lefever guns are constantly winning high 
averages at the different tournaments. 



The clean sweep made by the Lefever gun 
for the past season is simply renewed 
evidence that the Lefever is immensely 
popular among the trap shooters through- 
out the United States. At Owensboro, 
Ky., May 17-18, at the Interstate Tourna- 
ment, Mr. Al. Willerding, an amateur, 
shooting his Lefever gun won high amat- 
eur average. At Auburn, N. Y., Mr. C. 
W. Hart, an amateur, shooting his Le- 
fever gun won high amateur average, May 
17—18. 

The Lefever Arms Co. of Syracuse, N. 
Y., will sehd you one of their handsome 
1905 catalogues for the asking. 

THE OCEAN LIMITED 
The Intercolonial Railway of Canada 
which runs through a portion of Canada 
of special interest to sportsmen, will start 
their famous Ocean Limited Express train 
on June 4th. This train will leave Mont- 
real daily except Saturday at 19.30 
o'clock, passing Levis, Que., at 24 o'clock 
and arriving at St. John daily except Sun- 
day at 17.15 o'clock and Halifax at 20.15 
o'clock. This means only one night will 
be spent on the road between Western 
Ontario and St. John and Halifax. The 
Atlantic Grand Trunk Express train, 
leaving Toronto at 9. a. m., makes con- 
nections with the Ocean Limited. Through 
sleeping cars will run through Montreal, 
and Halifax. The dining car service of the 
Ocean Limited is unequalled. Passengers 
taking advantage of this train will have 
daylight views of the Matapedia and Went- 
worth Valleys. A direct communication 
between the Ocean Limited and Prince Ed- 
ward Island is in operation. 

Mr. C. A. Laughton of Litchfield, Min- 
nesota, an ardent disciple of Walton, is 
the inventor of a neat and useful device, for 
drying fish lines which he has rightly named 
"The 'Angler's Friend". His advertise- 



lOO 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



menl appears in this issue of the Rod 
and Gun and should be read by every true 
lover of the sport. "The Angler's Friend" 
will be appreciated by those who use il 
and the price is certainly moderate for 
such an addition to a fisherman's outfit. 
His ad appears on page 108. 

Our new catalog will be ready for dis- 
tribution about June first. 

It will contain fifty-six pages. 

It will have the same striking cover as 
last year. 

It will describe several of Mr. Marble's 
new inventions and numerous other neces- 
sities for sportsmen. 

Some of the new articles are: 

Marble's detachable axe edge protector, 
Marble's detachable knife edge protector, 
Several styles of guaranteed pocket knives. 

From now on, we will sell all Ameri- 
can rifles. 

Several pages will be devoted to Mar- 
ble's new Automatic Flexible Joint Rear 
Sights, the greatest advancement in sight 
making for twenty-five years. 

MARBLE SAFETY AXE COMPANY. 

BITE-NO-MORE. 

B. J. Kellenberger, Member Chicago 
Fly Casters' Association, writes that he 
used Bite-No-More for two weeks early 
last summer when in the northern woods, 
where the mosquitoes were as thick as 
smoke in Chicago atmosphere, and can 
affirm that when protected by three or 
four applications per day. was not trou- 
bled in the least. He found irt, harmless 
to the skin, and the only preparation yet 
used which would do the business without 
any inconvenience to the user. 



THE TUBULAR '"TAKAPART" REEL. 

At this season of the year every fisher- 
man is particularly anxious to equip him- 
self with a reel which will combine the 
advantages of great strength with light- 
ness and delicacy. Dr. C. M. Luckey, of 
Plainfield, N. J., who won the i and \ 
oz. contest at Madison Square Garden, 
used this reel. His competitors were 
equipped with reels costing all the way 
from $15.00 to $50.00 of the most cele- 
brated makes ; and some ot them express- 



ed groat astonishment that he could do 
such successful work with a reel costing 
$5.00 or $6.00. 

It is made by A. F. Meisselback & Bro., 
of Newark, N. J., a firm which has been 
studying this problem lor many years, and 
whose factory is equipped with the most 
skilful workmen, who use the most mod- 
ern tools and machinery for the produc- 
liun of this reel. 

The chain of Stevens Victories is ever 
lengthening as the latest link will testify. 

At the May Festival & Golden Jubilee 
of the Gernuin Rifle Club, Charleston, S. 
C, May 8th to IHth, l;)05, the first two 
prizes in every event (all comers, open 
events) were won by the Stevens. 

F. C. Ross, shooting a Stevens Rifle, 
obtained first prize on Charleston Target 
second prize on German Ring Target 
second prize on American Standard Tar- 
get ; and second prize on Point Target. 

H. M. Pope, shooting a Stevens*— Pope 
Rifle, secured first prize on German Ring 
Target ; first prize on American Standard 
Target and second prize on Charleston 
Target . 

August A. Kfelberthe obtained first 
prize on Point Target, and was eqiii,pped 
with a Stevens. 

Record Target shots are the inevitable 
result if a crack marksman shoots with a 
Stevens or Stevens— Pope Rifle, Stevens 
sweeping National and International Vic- 
tories are an "old, old story" but new 
chapters are constantly being added to it. 

Clark-Horrocks Co., Fishing Rod mami- 
facturers of Utica, N. Y., have purchased 
the fishing tackle manufacturing business 
of Gillette Bros., Auburn, N. Y., thus in- 
creasing their manufacturing line. 

Gillette Bros, three years ago succeeded 
another concern that had been engaged 
fifteen years in making fishing tackle, 
trolling spoons, spoon bait, frog spears 
and other specialties in the tackle line. 

Clark— Horrocks Co. are moving the 
'business to Utica where it will be con- 
tinued in connection with their rod fac- 
tory. 

The line will be somewhat enlarged, al- 
though at present there are something 
over 140 different styles of trolling spoons 
made bv this concern. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



lOI 



The same high standard will be main- 
tained by the new purchasers, who will 
continue to cater to the large jobbing 
trade with whom Gillette Bros, have an 
extensive business. 

The officers of Clark— Horrocks Cc. are G. 
A. Clark, President, H. J. Horrocks Vice- 
President, J. H. Horrocks Treasurer, E. 
E. Ibbctson Secretary. 

A GOOD BAIT 

The Joliet Spinner Bait, manufactured 
by G. Bruton & Co., Joliet, 111., whose 
advertisement appears elsewhere in this 
issue, is constructed of aluminum, and Its 
introduction will be an event worthy of 
note in the methods of angling. This bait 
revolves in the water, and when in action 
is a perfect and exact imitation of a min- 
now. 

For bass and other game 'fiish it has a 
decided advantage over live frogs or min- 
nows, as it has a better movement, there- 
fore more attractive. All the fishermen 
who have used this bait pronounce it an 
unrivalled success and it gives every evi- 
dence pi being a big success. 

Many prefer them without the side 
hooks and they are not used, but can be 
attached if desired. 

TOILET POWDER. 

There is no toilet article in the selec- 
tion of which greater care should be used 
than a toilet powder. 

In these days of imitation and substi- 
tution there is so much of inferior goods 
on the market that it is necessary to be 
continually on one's guard. Highly-scented 
toilet powders are so frequent as to be a 
continual source of dans^cr. Such inferior 
products will often do a permanent injury 
to a delicate skin. It is far wiser never 
to take chances with an unknown article. 
Be sure, rather, to insist upon a trade- 
marked product or recognized merit. With 
toilet powder, as with most other lines of 
goods, it is safer to trust an old-fashioned 
house with years of experience and a re- 
putation for making only the 'host. Men- 
Den's Toilet Powder is a trade-marked 
article, which has for years been recog- 
nized by physicians as the best prepar- 
ation made. The absolute purity of its 



ingredients and the exercise of the great- 
est care and skill in its manufacture have 
given the product t>f tlie Mennen Co. a 
quality of uniform excellence. That is 
why physicians recommend it. 

"Nothing so rare as resting on Air" is 
the introduction to a list of the pneumatic 
mattresses and cushions advertised in this 
issue of the "Rod and Gun" by the Ontar- 
io Rubber Co., of Toronto. The pneu- 
matic mattresses sold by this firm, al- 
ready have met with enthusiastic approv- 
al and endorsement. Ernest Thompson 
Seton says of them— "The pneumatic 'beds 
are a great success. If I had had one 
when I first went west, I would have isav- 
ed years of rheumatic suffering." 

It is not generally known that a camp 
mattress twenty five inches wide, when 
rolled up, makes a bundle no larger than 
a travelling blanket, and weighs but ten 
pounds. When night overtakes you, you 
have only to throw it on the ground, in- 
flate it, and in five minutes, you have a 
bed as soft as down, (or hard if you 
choose). 

This firm sells "everything in rubber" 
from the smallest tubing, measuring one 
sixty fourth of an inch inside diameter up 
to the large suction hose, used on a fire 
engine. 

If you would write to the Ontario Rub- 
ber Co., and mention Rod and Gun in 
Canada, they would send you an illustrated 
price list of the air mattresses and cush- 
ions sold by them. 

SUGGESTIONS FOR PLEASURE TRIPS 
An addition to the baggage of the holi- 
day maker, which is 'becoming more notice- 
able every year, is the Phonograph. This 
is due in part to the extensive advertising 
by some very progressive music houses, 
but more especially to the wonderful im- 
provements which these marvellous instru- 
ments have undergone lately. 

Many stories are told of the added 
pleasure and enjoyment derived from tak- 
ing a Phonograph on outing excursions. 
Its size and weight permiti of it being 
taken anywhere with next to no trouble. 
Its comprehensive repertoire ensures pleas- 
ure for people of every taste. Its little 
cost brings it within the reach of every 



I02 



Kc/) ./.\7> c/r.v /x CAx.in.i 



luiliiiay maker. It will rpprodiicc the most 
(li'lishtful music for daiu-ing, in perfect 
time. It is invaluable for the hostess. A 
gathering no matter how dillicult, cannot 
fail to 'get together' at the first few 
words of the latest popular song 'Moon- 
light' and other equally charming melodies. 
It is the most welcome companion round 
the campfirc with its comic songs, skits 
and stjnts. It cheers and entertains in 
disagreeable weather. At the eiid of the 
vacation it can be packed up and brought 
home to furnish the same good cheer to 
your winter quarters as to your summer 
cottage. You cannot possibly tire of it 
for new records are added every montli 

Johnston's, 191 Yonge St., do the larg- 
est retail Phonograph business in Canada. 
Their announcement appears on another 
[lage of this magazine. They claim to 
have the best instruments made today and 
the choicest collection of records and this 
claim is fully substantiated by the re- 
markable growth of their business which 
has gone up by leaps and bounds, neces- 
sitating their moving three times in less 
than six months in 'order to keep i)ace 
with the rapid increase. Anyone contemp- 
lating a sailing, camping or pleasure trip 
of any kind, should get into correspond- 
ence with Mr. Johnston. We can assure 
our readers courteous treatment and the 
best of service. 



AN Ei\TKKPl{lSING FKOFOSITION. 

Hod and t!un in Canada is in receipt of 
one of the metal signs and window trans- 
parencies gotten out in eight colors by the 
Kuterprise I\Ianufacturing Company of 
Akron, Ohio, lor display by dealers who 
handle their goods. 

Both the signs and the transparencies 
are sc handsomely gotten up that they are 
an ornament to the handsomest sporting 
goods establishment, and are bound to 
attract favoralilc attention wherever seen 
by anglers. 

The Enter,prise Manufacturing Company, 
however, have not stopped at this. They 
have, in addition, issued a set of ccrti- 
licates which, when signed by both the 
dealer and his customer, certifying that 
llie customer has purchased .n.OO worth of 
I'fteuger's goods from the dealer's store, 



and mailed to the Enterprise Manufactur- 
ing Company, together with 4 cents in 
stamps to cover postage, entitles the cus- 
tomer to an eight-color picture of the 
subject, measuring 10 by 14 inches, but 
entirely free from advertising matter of 
any kind. 

This picture i.s a work of art particular- 
ly appropriate for any sportsman's den, 
and the liberal policy of the Enterprise 
Manufacturing Company in presenting it 
to their patrons is bound to greatly help 
the retailers in increasing sales. 

Realizing that there will be a great de- 
mand for these pictures during the com- 
ing season, the Enterprise Manufacturing 
Company positively state that not more 
than one picture will be sent to the same 
lierson, no matter what the amount of his 
purchase may be. 

The metal signs, window transparencies, 
and certificates will be sent to any dealer 
in lishing tackle addressing the Enterprise 
:\Ianufacturing Company and mentioning 
liod and fiun in Canada in his request. 



O^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 

^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 

C 

o^< 



..-*.<*-<*.-m>.o 



At Pennsylvania 
State Shoot 



The Individual Cham- 
pionship of Pennsylvania 
at targets was won by 
Mr. Fred. Coleman shoot- 
ing .^ ,^ 

Infallible' 



LAFLIN 
POWDER 



& RAND 
COMPANY 



New York. 






ROD AND GUN IN CAA/aDA 103 



If pldinng a holiday amoiig the beautiful 
lakes and rivers of Ontario, lue can be of 
service to you in several ways. 

MICH I E Cf CO., Toronto. 

WE can provide vou with all vour supplies, utensils, 
blankets and other requirements, even to the fish-worms, 
and — ■ 

WE can rent vou tents. 

SUPPLY you for 50c. an excellent book on •• Camping 
and Canoeing in Canada." which describes over a dozen 
good canoe routes. 

AND provide at reasonable cost blueprint copies of hand- 
drawn charts of each route. 

We Cheerfullv Furnish Information on any subject 
of interest to correspondents, and aim to take all the 
trouble necessary to relieve our customers of details. 
Our Booklet "Tourist Topics" will interest those 
desiring information about Camps, Routes, Maps, Tents, 
Utensils, Angleworms, &c., and we send it for the asking. 
Several Summer Cottages on the Muskoka Lakes have 
been reported to us for rent this season ; the information 
we have will be cheerfullv furnished to enquirers. 
Write for Michie's Tourist Topics, or send — 

10 CENTS for a little Campers Manual on how to camp out and what to do : 120 pages. 

illustrated. 

5B CENTS for an excellent little book on Camping and Canoeing in Canada, written by an 

enthusiastic Canoeist, and embodying the experience of over 20 trips, all of which are 

described: and there are also 90 pages of practical hints on what to take, how to travel, and 

how to cook: 140 p.ages, 42 illustrations, cloth cover. 

75 CENTS for a map of the Northern Lakes of Ontario including the dislirct bounded by 

the Kawartha Lakes, Georgian Bay, French River. Lake Nipissing and Ottawa River. 

Scale 5 miles to the inch, size 40x32 inches, paper. 

75 CENTS for a map of the Muskoka Lakes including a directory of hotels and cottages; 

enlarged to a scale of ^ of a mile to the inch, size 40x21 inches, paper. 

MICHIE & CO. 



Groceries, Provisions, and 7 King St. W 

Supplies for Campers, &c. TORONTO, CAN 

Established, 1S35. 



,^ 



•When writing advertisers kindly mention KOD AND GUN" IN CANADA.' 



I04 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

**Darracq" 




The Great French Car, positively noiseless. No other large Car 
in America to equal it in price. 



$2,700 to $5,000 



Cadillac 





'V 



Is a marvel of simi)licity and power. It's the 
car of all others for economy. Vale has power 
that is not wasted, has a still smooth engine that 
works everv minute. 



CATALOGUES ON APPLICATION 



HYSLOP BROS., 

LIMITED, 

TORONTO. 

■•When writing adveilisers kindly mention «0D .\NU GTN IN CANADA.'- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 105 

The Province of Quebec, 

From the Sportsman's View Point. 



No country in the world possesses a greater variety or more at- 
tractions in the line of sport than historic Quebec. When a little 
better known it will surely become the " Mecca " of devotees of sport ; 
the angler is very much in evidence now even, from ist May to 30th 
September, putting forth his best efTorts to secure the silvery salmon, 
the beautiful speckled or sea trout, or yet again the pugnaceous bass. 

Autumn sees the sportsman agam around with rifle or shot-gun, 
tracking the fleet Caribou or Red Deer or snugly ensconced on the 
shores of a lake, waiting for an opportunity to lay low the king of the 
forest, the mighty Moose. Others are content to frequent the hard- 
wood ridges or beaches, in quest of the neflfed- grouse, or wild fowl. 
Few, if any, return unrewarded for their efforts. 

A large area of territory is now under lease to clubs, but 
there is ample room for more; as for the transcient sportsman, there 
is a wealth of territory at his disposal, e. g. in the Upper Ottawa, St, 
Maurice, Lake St. John and on both sides of the St. Lawrence below 
Quebec City. Access to all thesepoints is easy, either by rail or water 
way. 

Fishing licenses for the season for non-residents, cost $10.00; 
for hunting$25.oo. 

Fishing and hunting territories are obtainable at very reasonable 
rentals, in any part of the Province where crown lands exist. There 
are still some very desirable salmon rivers available in the Lower Gulf 
district. 

The Government will in all probability, alot territory to Fish 
and Game Clubs in the recently created Reserve, in the Peninsula of 
Gaspe, reserving of course the interior for propogation and a limited 
amount of shooting and fishing. 



''Laurentides National Park. 



fi 



This renowned hunting and fishing territory takes on increased 
popularity yearly. Dates for hunting and fishing may be applied for at 
any time. Increased accommodation will be provided for sportsmen 
by I St September, 1905, in the great Caribou Barrens. 
For information of any kind re Sport, address 

The Hon. Minister of Lands, Mines and Fisheries, 

Quebec, P. Q., Canada. 

"Wlien writing advertisers kindly mt-ntion ROD AND GUN IN CANADA.'' 



io6 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




BY ROYAL APPOINTMENT. 



Manufacturers to H 
R. H The Prince of 




' Wales and His Majesty the King of Italy and patronized by the Leading 
Authorities In the Angling World. 

Th» Fi*IH ^-tvs: ■11 oiiwlil iifv.T tu I- rorKult.'ii tluit It 1' ti. .M.-.^r>- Hanly. ..I Aliiwi. k. «.-ow.- ttf sup 
I IIK 1 iciu ^,.;,,„,,. „.|. ||,„.,. |„,|,|,.v,.,i ,„ riKl mukcr.. Tr..-y li!iv<>:.-fl iill...ini..lil..rH Ii..ik-I.-s1.v li.luii.1 ' 

rile World s renowned Rod and Tackle Makers were awarded the "Grand Prix ' 
Inlernalional Sports ICxliibition Crystal Palace. 1904, makini; agrand Dial of ig Internationril Awards. 

Extraordinary Success of Hardy's "PALAKONA" (Regd.) Cane Built Rods 

One Pirm Reals Wraiul lournament. Cry,-.l:il I'al.icc, "HARDY" 

All Others. 



HARDY BROS.. ALNWICK, ENGLAND. 



RODS won TEN ihainpionships against SKVliN by all the world. 
Hardy's' SILEX" Reel won SIX championships against 4 by all the world. 

lillii, lr.it ...I I;. ..I l:..l- liM- l^i.kl.'. ItiiHk.'t,. Itii)^. It.».k^. A... Kn-.'. 

Manufacturers of Rods. libels. Lines 

ctT.. for atl kinds of I^'ishing in 

ail parts ff the IVorid. 



KovM l'.raii.l„-«:_i,l Pnll .M;ill. s « Kl Jl Nl.ol:. 



<t lliivi.l Str.-H : JUMHfXTKK. I'.' I U .M..iile Slrtit. 



D- J ^7*1 wholesale. Kctiil anil _ _ ^ — , __, 

avid olater. Export Ftshmg t.cuc Newark-on-Trent. Eng. 
MinofactDrct O 

.V^anufacturer ot SALMON & TROUT F<odsin Built Cane, Greenheart, etc. Salmon 
and trout Reels, Sea Reels and Nottingham Reels in Aluminum, Gun Metal, 
Ebonite, and Wood, etc. 



Inventor and Patanlee of the World 
Refunvned " Coinbivatioti Keel." 



Awarded 21 Prite Medals, Diplomas 
and .^fecial Money Prizes. 



Outfits for all parts oj the world. 

Agencies in Fiance, Belgium, India, Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania 
Laro'est manufacturer of Fishing Reels in tlie uorkl. dialogue Gratis. 



There is no better Sport than Canoeing, 

But when you paddle a Canoe made by the Peterborough 
Canoe Co.," Peterborough, Ontario, the sport is made many 
times pleasanter. because our models have attained a world- 
wide reputation for their unexcelled 

BEAUTY and GRACE. LIGHT WORK. 
SPEED. CARRYING CAPACITY 




...Sf/VO FOR O/Vf or OUR LATEST CATALOGLtS... 

The PETERBOROUGH CANOE CO., Limited 

PETERBOROUGH, ONT., CANADA. 

We Have Customers in every part of the world 



When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD AM> tllN IN CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 107 

forFishing. yachting or hunting 





Wescuts are the ideal outer garments for all out-of- 
door Sports, but we make a special line as shown in 
cut for fishing or hunting, with four pockets and a 
neat collar that can be worn open or buttoned up to 
the throat, in qualities ; 

782 .... All Colors 5450 

1582 .... Light, Medium snd Dark Grey .... 5. 50 
1682 . . . .Light, Medium and Dark Heather. . 5.75 

Heavy Stockings to match, regular length.. 1.20 

extra length to hip 1.50 



WRITE FOR CATALOGUE 



THE KNIT-TO FIT MANUFACTURING CO. 

Retail Branch; 2469 St. Catherine St., Montreal. 



©Nee M©RE 

At the Pennsylvania State Shoot, 

Milt. Lindsley Trophy for two-men teams 

won by L. B. Flemimg and Ed. Hickey. 

Allentown Rod & Gun Club won four-man team Championship. 

A. Heil, first & W. H. Millin, second in Denny Trophy. 

All hands shoot DuPont Smokeless. 

The Herron Hill Handicap and Individual 

State Champions at Pigeons were also won by 

DuPont Smokeless. 



When writing advertisers kindly mention ItOD AND CU'X IN CANADA." 



I08 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

THE IMPROVED MALCOLM RIFLE TELESCOPE SIGHTS 1905 

Are Acknowledged to be superior to all others manufactured. 




We can furnish tliem in any power from 3 up and from 14 to 34 inches in length. The medium length tube 
is especially recommended (from 18 to 24 inches.) If our customers will advise for what purposes the Telescope 
is mostly desired we will use our best endeavors to furnish the best pawci and length Tube best^adapted for 
purposes stated. 

Established in 1857 ^HE MALCOLM RIFLE Syracuse. N. Y. 

F. T. Cornish. Mgr. TELESCOPE MFG. CO. U. S. A.] : 





"THE ANGLER'S FRIEND" 



A Line Drvin? Reel '>oi^i^ '^/^ai). wi.at 

t\ Line Ul>lll^ IXCCI ^very experienced ang- 
ler has been trying ti> lind for years No more rotten 
lines, lost fnh or strong ianguagc. Invented by a vet- 
eran sportsman toho beitei'es in making things good. 
Sent on approval to any true sportsman. A poslalcarii 
will bring a desripiive booklet. 

C. A. LAUGHTON, Litchfield, Minn. 

I'leas?^ mention Rod and Gun. 



1 'i-tril'iiTor- I-t ranu<i;i — \\'an>ii Sjiorlin;,' timxl-i 



r..n.Iit.>; K.t. Ill 



There'* no More Contented 
Tellow on Earth than an Angler 



fMm /iisap^ui. yh'i-^ r.o^ 




UFACTURERS 






J 



Providing ol course lie uses the Kighi kind ot .t Koa. True it is that thtre are all kinds of rods on the 

market, but after ait there's only one kind that pleases, the 



DIVINE ROD 



Made by The Fred D. Divine Co., 76 State St , Utica. 

We makf .i Speci.iUv of RODS I O ORDER at prices Th.ii vou can well atVonl to pav, everything considered. 
SCND FOR OUR CATALOGUE. YOU WON'T ' RECRtT IT. 

■When writing advertisers kindly mention HOU AMI GUN IN" CANADA." 



ROD AXD Gi'X IN CA.WADA 



109 



The 

Mohawk 

Darter 



\ 



T^HE aaOHJV-WK H A.-RTE.'R 



<4*iui '** 




MOST MARVELOUS LUHE FOR GAME FISH. 
CLARK, HORROCKS CO., UTICA, N. Y 



5end 

for a 

•Sample 

To-day 



,vk .1.1 



fi- resernlile? ;i 



Tbc Mowhawk DarUrr has tioulil.- ilif advaiitjigc 01 revolving, aii.l iit ttv >;tiiii tini' 'hirt:! 
it swims— and it is the bait lislieniiL-ii liave lout: been seeldii^. 

WILL BE THE BIGGEST SELLER OF ANY SPOON B.\IT IN 1905. 
The Mowhawk Dart is put iiii a rani, eac'li in a box. In two sizes only. 

The Mohawk DarttT. blaile ol spoon 3 1.1; inches long For Trolling ijer,-i.' >y-r^ c^nt<\^ 
The Mohawk Darter. Jr. ■• ■■ -.'7.8 " " For L-a.sting ' K" >■■ 3^C. CaCn 

Sent upon reeeipt of priee b,v 
T<mONTO— WM. CKOfT & Sons MONTREAI^B. i.fc w. Kerb OTTAWA— Kktchum ft. fo. 

yVEBEC— Chink- How Co. *■ T W. bovd 4 Sos *• graves Bros. 

OR FROM THE MA^'I■F.^^TURFR.S 

.italOL-ne ..r Fisliiii^' Ta. kl.- 



ShmI • 



; for 17J l..ii. 



CLARK. HORROCKS CO., UTICA, N.Y. 



SHOOTERS ATTENDING THE BIG SHOOT 




OTTAWA yps 

will do well to order 



IN 
AUGUST 



their cartridges from- 



KETCIUJM e» CO., OTTAWA, Ontario. 

who will deliver them on ^| | IR DDIf*F^ Write for Catalogue and prices on Cartridges 
the grounds at your ^■-•Ji* ■'KI^LCF both FACTORY LOADED and OUR OWN LOAD. 

Gun Goods, Sporting and Athletic Goods. Rifle Requislies Catalogues, mailed FREE on Request. 

When Canoeing, Yachting, Boating, Hunting, Pi^bin^, etc.. 

You Need 
a Sweater 

but you want one that is comfortable, of neat appear- 
ance, well made. That's the only kind we make. 

Clubs and ind ividuals 

are invited to Write or Call and get 

our prices. We make a specialty of Club Orders. 

Our Shooting Coats are the best on the Market 
SCOTT KNITTING CO-, 




WRITt 
VS 



352 Queen St. West TORONTO Phone Main 4440. 

{LONG DISTANCE CONNECTION^ 

■When writing advertisers kindly mention KOD .•VND GUN IN CANADA.' 



I 10 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



The PRACTICAL FISHERMAN 

Will he glad |o kiiou aljoul llie 1 iil.ula' 

T A HA PART REEL 

It's ab^iokurly slronj; and reliable. I)y 
shilling h«ad and end plates handle and click 
may be set in different position. Prices $5 to $6. 
accorchng to style. 

f 




A Novel friction device pn-.rnts hack- 
lashiii'r^ II may be instanlty taken 
uplift to clear tangles, etc. 

It lilts ii'on out against very expensive 
reels ; l^r. l.uikey iisino this one 'when 
he luon the 12 and 14 oz. Castins^ 
in Events Madison Square Garden. 
Ask your dealer to show and explain It to you 



A. F. MEISSELBACH & BRO. 

Makers uf the celebrated 'Evperl 'and 
Fealherlighl" Reel^. 
26 PROSPECT ST., NEWARK N. J. 



LYMAN'S 

Rifle ^^ dhot^un 
dlGllTd 





An excellent combin- 
ation for a target rifle 
is here illustrated. 

Send for our 96 page 
1. .iialogue of sights and 
Rifles, containing val- 
uable information re- 
garding sights and rifle 
shooting. 

The Lyman Gun Sight Corporation, 

Middle field. Conn., U S. A. 



J 



The Patent 

Burdette Bait 

WILL NOT 
CATCH WtEDS 




Made in three 
sizes. 3. 4, & 43^ 
inches, and colors, 
Xickle, Brass and 
Copper, body 
measurement. 

This is the best Casting 

or trolling bait ever 

orlolaated. 

Invented aud 
Patented by a Can- 
adian fisherman, 
and altho only two 
years on the mar- 
ket, well known 
and used enthusi- 
astically by thou- 
.sands of fishermen . 

The d i ff e r e n t 
sizes are suitable 
for 

B.\SS 

PICKEREL 
TROUT and 
-MASKILONGE. 

We have many 
unsolicited testi- 
monials. 
Try one of these ? 

75c 

each 

All Sizes 
and Colors 

I f your dealer 
does not sell them 
>end to us. 



Burdette Fish Bait Syndicate 

72 Bay Street, TORONTO. 



When wrilins advertisers kindly mention ROD .V.ND GIN" IN C.\.\.VDA.' 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



THK TRAP 



ROD AXD UCy /.Y CANADA is the Official Organ of the Dominion Ttap-shootcrs 
and Game Protective Association of Catiada. All cnmmunications for this department should 
be addressed to )»'. A. Smith. Editor •■ The Trap." Kiiiiiscille. Ont. 



Toronto Tournament. 

The Stanley Gun Club's Annual Shoot. 



The annual tournament of the Stanley 
Gun Club, Toronto, was held at Exhibi- 
tion Park in that city, May 17, 18 and 
19. The grounds selected for the shoot 
overlook Lake Ontario and could not very 
well have been more delightfully situated 
for such an event. Unfortunately the wea- 
ther conditions were bad for good work at 
the traps. Wind and rain during the first 
two days made the shooting not only very 
difficult but very disagreeable. The last 
day while fair was attended by a high 
wind from the north which,' pufiing around 
either end of the large grand stand be- 
hind the score played havoc with the fly- 
ing targets and made the flight very errat- 
ic and puzzling. 

The attendance, as was to be expected 
in view' of the splendid prizes hung up for 
competition, was large but not as large 
as many anticipated. 

Three sets of Bowron Quick Set Traps 
and Canadian Black Bird targets were us- 
ed. 

Every event on the program was at 
20 targets except the last event, last day, 
the contest for the Stanley Cup which was 
at 50 targets. 

Prominent among the out-of-town anor 
ateurs who attended the shoot were Dr. 
Gleason, Boston, Mass.; Thos. Upton; 
M. E. Fletcher, Dr. Hunt, W. P. Thomp- 
son, Dr. "Wilson", Dr. "Green," Hamilton, 
Ont.; B. W. Glover, J. S. Brown, R. Day, 
London, Ont.; H. C. Marlatt, Simcoe, Ont 
W. H. Ewing, D. J. Kearney, J. Raville, 
Landriault, Montreal, Que; H. Scane, C. 



Scane, G. Laing, Ridgetown, Ont; W. A. 
Smith, Kingville, Ont; D. McMackon, High- 
gate, Ont; G. B. Smith, Ayton, Ont; C. 
J. Mitchell, Brantford, Ont; Harry Kirk- 
over, Fredonia, N. Y.; D. A. Upton, (Try- 
on), Cleveland Ohio; C. Thompson, Sher- , 
brooke. Que; W. Graves, Ottawa, Ont. 

The professionals ' present were:— W. R. 
Crosby and J. A. R. Elliott of the Win- 
chester Repeating Arms Co; E. G. White, 
Ottawa and F. H. Conover, Leamington, 
Canadian representatives of Dupont Smoke- 
less Powder Co., and Mr. Durston of the 
Lefever Arms Co. Mr. Cameron of the 
Winchester Arms Co., and Mr. Halford of 
the Dominion Cartridge Co., were in at- 
tendance, also, as "missionaries." 

THE FIRST DAY. 

The shooting this day was of a high 
order but many good averages were sadly 
marred by the gale of wind accompanied 
by rain in the afternoon. Nevertheless, 
the full program of 200 targets was com- 
pleted. Dr. Gleason, Boston, ran ahead of 
all competitors from the start and won 
high average for the day with a score of 
188 and with it the splendid gun present- 
ed by the Lefever Arms Co., Syracuse, 
New York. 

The second prize, a handsome silver 
tup presented by Warren Sporting Goods 
Co., Toronto, was tied for by Messrs. 
Dunk, Kirkover and Tryson, with 180 each, 
and on the shoot off, Tryon won. 



1 1 2 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

THE SCORES:— 
Events— 1 2 3 1 5 6 7 8 9 10 Aver. 

Duff 17 16 13 19 15 18 15 17 16 9—157 

J. H. Thompson 15 16 11 14 12 12 17 12 16 18—146 

McGill 16 18 15 19 18 19 18 18 17 18—176 

Fl Wakefield 18 19 15 18 19 15 18 17 19 16—174 

■G. Dunk 20 18 17 20 17 17 20 18 16 17—180 

T. Upton » 19 19 15 17 19 17 17 17 18 19K177 

Dr. Hunt 15 20 14 18 17 16 id 18 15 

W. P. Thompson 13 15 16 14 15 17 17 17 19 ...— 

Br. Wilson 14 18 19 15 16 17 17 15 17 19—167 

M. E. Fletcher 19 18 18 18 18 18 17 17 17 16—176 

Dr. Green 15 16 15 15 15 17 16 18 15 .. — 

Tryon 17 18 18 16 30 18 18 17 19 19—180 

White ■ 17 19 14 17 19 17 19 17 17 20—176 

Xirkover 17 18 20 17 18 18 19 16 18 19—180 

Dr. Gleason 20 19 19 19 17 20 20 18 18 18—188 

■G. B. Smith 14 18 16 19 14 19 14 18 17 ...— 

Vivian 17 17 15 16 18 15 19 17 14 ...— 

IV. R. Wakefield 15 15 15 18 13 20 16 15 17 ..— 

B. W. Glover 15 19 20 15 17 19 19 17 18 ...— 

C. Kemp 16 17 13 19 17 16 15 17 13 ...— 

■W. H. Ewing 16 17 20 17 19 19 15 10 14 17—164 

D. J. Kearney 14 14 18 16 17 18 16 18 16 16—163 

J, Ravoille 16 16 17 11 16 19 14 13 18 19—162 

LandrauJt 19 17 17 16 17 18 16 14 15 19—168 

F. H. Conover 18 19 14 20 15 19 16 14 17 17—169 

H. Scane 19 18 18 18 19 19 11 17 19 18—176 

W. A. Smith 16 19 17 16 20 15 16 18 15 20—172 

C. J. Mitchell 17 18 19 16 17 18 13 15 15 14—162 

C. Scane 16 19 17 16 18 14 10 14 16 20—^160 

G. Laing 19 15 20 16 18 17 14 11 15 15-160 

H. C. Marlott 17 16 18 10 18 18 16 19 18 18—174 

J. Williams 17 17 M 12 15 IS 11 16 13 16—152 

W. R. Crosby 19 17 Ifi 19 20 20 20 19 19 18—189 

D. McMackon 16 18 17 13 18 14 14 17 18 16—161 

J. S. Brown 14 15 17 18 Ifi 20 19 18 18 ..,— 

J. A. R. Elliott 18 19 IS 20 17 19 17 17 16 16—177 

II. Burke 17 19 19 18 18 15 18 17 19 17—177 

I'. H. Prior 16 14 12 8 15 16 15 — 

J. Kidd 17 16 14 17 19 16 19 19 17 16—170 

W. Miller 13 13 15 15 -13 15 15 18 16 „.— 

C. Turp 16 19 18 19 18 19 16 18 17 19—179 

G. Beatty 16 17 15 19 15 15 17 18 15 18—165 

E. Thomson 19 18 16 16 16 17 — 

Durston 18 18 19 16 17 20 18 17 17 18—177 

Hiordan 19 14 18 16 20 

Farmer 12 15 16 — 

Friend 9 10 9 12 — 

Merriman 13 13 16 — 

Dent 10 15 — 

G. Kidd 16 18 ... 17 11 — 

Frederick 7 14 — 

McDol.> 15 — 

Seager 16 16 — 

Herbert 15 1& — ' 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 113 



Green Iti ... 18 — 

Thomas 13 16 — 

W. G. Mitchell 14 8 — 

R. Day 15 18 17 16 13 — 

Tablond 16 15 — 

R. Fletcher 11 17 — 

BowTon 12 12 — 

X. X , 16 15 17 19 16 — 

C. Chapman 15 11 17 — 

Morgan 18 16 — 

THE SECOND DAY. 
The weather conditions still continued 181, the prize being a silver cup presented 
unfavorable,— wind and rain prevailing dur- by Stanley Gun Club. In a special con- 
ing the day. Notwithstanding this some test for a deer's head presented by 
good scores were made. Dr. Gleason Mr. J. A. Rowntree of The National Gun 
again led the "bunch" and won high aver- Club, Toronto, at 25 targets, a tie result- 
age for the day with 185 out of 200. His ed between Dr. Gleason, T. Upton and 
prize was a handsome gun presented by the Landriault with 24 each and in the shoot 
Ithaca Arms Co. Second average was off Dr. Gleason won, afterwards presenting 
won by a Toronto man, Mr. C. Turp, with his prize to the Stanley Gun Club. 

THE SCORES. 

Iii3456789 10 Aver. 

Duff 15 16 12 11 11 14 14 14 15 15—137 

J. H. Thompson 17 18 19 15 18 16 14 15 15 15—162 

G. McGill 17 19 11 17 15 18 15 17 15 13—157 

P. Wakefield 13 15 12 14 13 16 12 14 15 10—134 

G. M. Dunk 18 18 17 14 18 16 15 20 15 18—169 

T. Upton 17 18 18 19 20 15 18 18 17 18—178 

Dr. Hunt 16 14 16 16 17 15 16 18 13 ...— 

W. P. Thompson 19 17 20 19 16 19 11 17 16 18—172 

Dr. Wilson 19 16 16 20 13 19 18 17 16 15—169 

-AI. Fletcher 17 15 17 19 18 18 14 18 18 19—173 

H. Burke , 18 19 18 17 20 10 14 17 15 ...— 

C. Turp 17 18 16 20 18 18 19 17 19 19—181 

Durston 20 20 16 17 18 17 19 19 16 17—179 

W. R. Wakefield 14 14 15 10 13 12 11 9 7 15—120 

F. Conover 16 16 16 17 17 16 20 15 15 15—163 

R. Green 20 17 19 17 19 14 14 15 15 17—167 

G. Beatty 16 18 11 15 15 15 17 14 13 14—148 

X. X 16 18 15 10 16 15 17 16 16 18—15.7 

G. Vivian 16 18 17 17 15 15 18 16— 

Crosby 20 19 18 20 17 18 20 19 19 19—189 

Ewing 17 17 19 17 18 19 20 15 18 17—177 

Kearney 14 16 17 20 18 14 18 16 16—165 

G. B. Simith 19 18 16 16 20 13 15 28 12 18—167 

Landriault M 15 15 — 

F. LaBlond 17 20 12 16 17 14 14 16 16,15—157 

H. Scane 18 19 15 19 19 18 19 15 15 17—174 

W. A. Smith 17 17 16 18 19 16 17 19 15 17—171 

C. J. Blitchell 18 15 16 18 19 17 18 16 17 19—173 

0. Scane 14 18 18 15 18 16 19 17 17 16—170 

G. Laing 17 19 17 17 20 17 16 15 15 19—172 

J. A. R. Elliott 17 19 17 17 20 17 16 15 15 19—172 

E. G. White 13 17 16 18 19 12 14 19 17 16—161 

Tryon 20 19 17 19 17 17 14 20 14 19—176 



114 FiOD AND Gi'N IN CANADA 

Kirkover 18 16 in 16 18 12 17 18 18 17—169 

Dr. Gleason. Boston 19 17 19 20 17 18 18 20 19 18—185 

Prior 16 16 13 17 16 14 17 15 17 11—155 

1). MtMackon 15 14 17 15 19 16 19 17 15 16—163 

\V. McMillan 16 13 11 16 15 12 18 15 17 12—148 

Raspberry 14 IT 15 12 18 12 11 14 14 14—140 

R. Day .' 12 15 15 

G. Thomas 20 17 14 — 

Groves 16 17 11 — 

W. LaBlond VA 15— 

J. W. Sanderson 14 15 — 

Popp 17 19 ... 17 16 18 — 

Seagen 17 15 10 12 — 

McDowell 14 16 12 — 

H. M. Shcppard IT 12 — 

J. Bowron 14 14 14 — 

Uillianis : 13 18 — 

H. Rcid ; ; 15 — 

C. Mongenel IS 16 — 

D. Chapman 14 12 — 

C. G. Tfiompson 15 18 — 

J. Stewart 15 16 17 16— 

Jordan 13 16 — ... 

Hamilton IT 14 — 

Mulvev 15 17 — 

Elv 16 16 13 ... — 

J. F. Ross 9 15 — 

Cascie 12 15 — 

Halford 7 — 

.%lay\voiid 8 ... — 

A. Wolf 19 ... — 

Cashniore 18 ... — 

THIRD D.\Y. nient was won by Dr. Gleason. Second 

general average prize, a solid silver loving 

The weather this day was fair but the ciip presented by L. C. A. Strother, Esq., 

wind, which blew a perfect gale, rendered Toronto, Captain Rosedale Gun Club, was 

good scores very difficult. Mr. C. Turp, won 'by Mr. C. Turp. Third average prize, 

who shot a splendid race throughout the a repeating shot gun presented by Marlin 

tournament and who takes his place Fire .\rms Co., was won by Tryon. The 

among the crack shots of Canada, won handsome diamond badge for professional 

high average prize for the day, a st'^cling high average during the three days was 

silver cup presented by the late Geo. H. -^-on by W. R. Crosby. 
Gooderham. Second average prize, a Dr. Wilson, Hamilton, was successful in 

Winchester repeating shot gun, was won landing the splendid "Stanley Gun Club 

by Tryon. Cup," with a good score of 47 out of 50. 

The handsome upright Bell Piano, value This was the last event of the tourna- 

$500. on. for high average during the tourna- ment. 

THE SCORES. 

Events— 1234 5 6789 Aver. 

Duff 14 15 12 13 13 10 14 11 32—134 

Thompson 14 17 17 16 13 14 17 15 ...- 

McGill 20 18 15 16 11 IS 17 15 40—170 

P. Wakefield 14 14 14 14 14 12 15 12 34—143 

Dunk 18 1.5 19 18 19 17 17 15 38—176 

T. I pton 18 18 17 17 18 16 15 16 13—178 



17 


18 


17 


16 


17 


19 


19 


42- 


-185 


12 


18 


14 


16 


18 


13 


18 


42- 


-170 


17 


16 


IG 


17 


16 


18 


15 


47^- 


-181 


19 


16 


20 


14 


12 


19 


15 


46- 


-180 


15 


16 


16 


17 


14 


17 


17 


43- 


-173 


19 


16 


18 


16 


18 


15 


16 


38- 


-178 


18 


17 


18 


17 


17 


17 


18 


43- 


-183 


14 


17 


14 


11 


15 


12 


18 


40- 


-158 


20 


18 


16 


18 


14 


20 


17 


38- 


-178 


15 


15 


13 


12 








...— 





ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 1 1 5 

Crosby .^ 20 

W. P. Thompson 19 

Dr. Wilson 19 

M. Fletcher 19 

Elliott 18 

Kirkover 17 19 16 

Tiyon 18 18 

White IT 

Dr. Gleason 17 

Green 12 

W. Lewis 17 13 17 15 12 16 17 14 ... — 

X. X 15 10 14 14 11 14 14 9 39—140 

Hart 19 18 15 17 15 17 18 14 42—175 

McMackon 18 16 18 9 — 

C. Turp 19 19 17 16 16 16 17 19 45—184 

Beatty 16 11 16 15 10 16 7 15 

Durston 17 17 17 17 19 17 16 15 43—178 

W. R. Wakefield 11 13 11 15 9 9 10 12 ... — 

Conover 16 13 17 17 19 18 14 13 40—167 

H. Scane 18 13 17 16 18 19 17 18 44—180 

W. A. Smith 16 14 15 — 

C. J. Mitchell 17 17 15 17 13 13 13 17 ... — 

C. Scane 15 16 16 17 15 12 14 13 ... — 

G. Laing 19 16 17 19 17 18 16 16 40t-178 

Ewing 14 17 20 19 15 15 17 12 37—166 

Kearney 16 12 16 16 13 18 14 11 35—151 

Landrault 17 18 18 14 12 16 — 

W. M. Miller 16 7 17 17 15 16 13 12 ... — 

Vivian 16 12 17 16 13 — 

Prior 15 15 13 15 13 13 — 

Frederick 15 14 15 — 

Jordan 9 13 — 

Graves 17 — 

Pack-ham 14 15 12 — 

:\!cDo\vall 11 12 12 — 

Fulton : 17 ; — 

Buck 12 — 

Uey 11 — 

Henry 12 — 

C, G. Thompson 16 15 ... 16 — 

T. D. McGaw • 12 33— 

G. Horning 14 16 19 17 38— 

J. Williams 14 6 5 — 

R. Fletcher 11 9 13 9 — 

Dr. Hunt ' 17 ... 11 — 

Fritz 16 

Mulvey , 11 14 9 ... — 

Booth 9 — 

Adams 11 — 

Singer 16 13 — 

Kerr 13 — 

C. Thompson 16 14 ... — 




ii6 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



(iKNEKAL AVERAGES. 





1st 


2ii(i 


3rd 






Day. 


Day. 


Day. 


Total 


Targets ... 


20(3 


200 


210 


610 


Crosby 


189 


189 


185 


563 


Dr. Gleason 


. 188 


185 


178 


551 


C. Tiirp 


. 179 


181 


184 


544 


Tryon 


. 180 


176 


183 


539 


Durst on 


.. 177 


179 


178 


534 


Thos. Upton 


. 177 


178 


178 


533 


M. E. Fletcher 


.. 176 


17;i 


180 


529 


H. Scane 


.. 176 


171 


180 


527 


G. M. Dunk ... 


., 180 


169 


176 


525 


Kirkover 


.. 1811 


169 


173 


522 


Elliott 


.. 177 


172 


173 


522 


G. Laing 


.. 160 


172 


178 


510 


W. H. Ewing ... 


.. 164 


177 


166 


507 


G. W. McGill . 


.. 176 


157 


170 


503 


Conover 


. 169 


163 


167 


499 


E. G. White ... 


.. 176 


161 


158 


495 


D. J. Kearney . . 


. 163 


165 


151 


479 


P. Wakefield ... . 


.. 171 


134 


143 


451 


T. A. DuR 


.. 157 


137 


134 


43S 



NOTES. 

The tournament was a handicap, the Do- 
minion Trapshooting Association rules 
governing. Each shooter had a "slide" 
of three yards from his original, handicap 
mark, the extreme limit being 22 yards. 
Most of the Canadian experts, and all the 
American amateurs started at the 18-21 
yd. mark. Those shooting 90 per cent, or 
better went the limit the following day 
and those breaking 85 per cent, or less 
went up a vard. 

Many thought the shoot would have been 
better attended had it been confined to 
Canadians. Certalnjy, thei American 
amateur did not make the most, in the 
way of attendance, of the large indhce- 
ments offered. 

It would probably have been wise, also, 
with such valuable prizes in kind ottered, 
to have limited the winnings of any 
shooter. 

Crosby, with his 32 in. Smith single 
trigger and "E. C. Improved"- demonstrat- 
ed his right to stand at the pinnacle of 
the shooting art 



Durston, with his Lefever, did consistent 
work during the whole tournament and 
landed well up in the average. 

Conover and White. Dupont representa- 
tives, looked well after the interests of 
their Co. and must have been gratified to 
lind so many Dupont friends among the 
shooters 

Notwithstanding the threatened legis- 
lation against the use of "pumps" in On- 
tario, "Jim" Elliott sticks to his Win- 
chester Repeater. Also. Elliott's ear pro- 
tectors. 

Big Chief King Pin knows how to get 
up a tournament and to push it along. He 
and Chief Dave Ha.wk will be a strong 
pair when they get on the warpath for 
the Canadian Indians. 

The new Dominion shells were in evi- 
dence and did effective work when 'pint- 
ed" right. Jtr. Haliord was business 
"hustler" for the Company. 

Dr. Gleason is such a pleasant gentleman 
that his large winnings were a sort of 
"painless extraction." 

But we take off our hats to Mr. Turp 
and desire to present him a bouquet of 
choice carnations. 



Every Trapshootcr 



Should have a Knitted 

Shooting Jacket 

Send us lo subscriptions to "Rod and 
Gun in Canada" we will send you a fine 
Knitted Shooting Jacket— made to meas- 
ure by the Scott Kniting Co., of Toronto. 

Address: \V. J. TAYLOR, 
Publisher of Rod & Gun in Canada. 
Woodstock, Ont. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



i'7 





INVALUABLE lO I 
the SPORTSMEN I 



After a hard day's fishing in a cold 
drizzHng rain a cup of hot Bovril 
is always appreciated. 



WARMING 
NOURISHING 
STRENGTHENING 





The Canadian Indians. 



At a pow-wow lield at the Queen's 
Hotel, Toronto. May 17th. it was decided 
to institute a Society to be known as 
"The Canadian Indians." For several 
years the devotees of the gun. resident in 
the United .States, have had a band known 
as "The Indians" which was composed of 
the foremost shots of that country. Foi 
some time past the formation of a similar 
organization in Canada has been comtem- 
plated, and its success is now an assured 
fact. 

The general object and purposes of the 
Society are : — 

(1) Promoting and fostering legitimate 
shooting interests. 

(2) Promotmg ?ood fellowship among its 
members. 

(3) Giving and promoting shooting 
tournaments aw may be determined by the 
.Association. 

(4) Doing all acts necessary and proper 



to carry out the the ^purposes of the As- 
sociation. 

Those present in person at the pow-wow, 
and those who signified m writing their 
intention of joining were as follows : 

Forest H. Conover, Leamington, Ont. ; 
I) .McMackon, Highgate, Ont. ; Geo. W. 
McGiU, Thomas A. DufI, T. D. McGaw, F. 
W. Matthews, J. H. Thompson. Geo. L. 
Vivian. Charles B. Harrison. Aid. Robert 
Fleming, Geo. Wolf, Alex. Wolf and J. W. 
Sanderson. Toronto ; D. J. Kearney and 
\V H. Ewing, Montreal ; C. G. Thomp- 
son. T. M. Craig and J. B. Goodhue. Sher- 
brooke. P. Q. ; F. A. Heney and E. G. 
White. Ottawa ; H. Marlatt, Simcoe, Ont.; 
Dr. Hunt, Walter P. Thomson, Thomas 
Upton, Dr. J. E. Overholt and John Hunt- 
er, Hamilton ; S. M. Screaton, London . 
William Lewis. Owen Sound, Ont. ; W. A. 
Smith. Kingsville, Ont. ; P. Wakefield. 
Toronto Junction. Ont. : C. J. Mitchell. 
Brantford ; J. E. Cantelou, Clinton, o.it. . 



Il8 



ROD AND aUN IN CANADA 




IHUS. A. DLl I', l-.S':. 
Chief Scribe, t.'anadian IndiaTis. 

W. E. Hall, Blpiihcini, Ont. ; Geo. S. Mc- 
Call, Fiiiga!, Out. ; and II. A. Mallory, 
Drayton, Ont. 

The annual fee was lixed at $5.00 , tlie 
nienibeiship limited to forty ; and each ap- 
plicant must pass a unanimous ballot. 

To be eligible to membership in "The 
Canadian Indians" it is necessary that one 
be a true devotee of the art of trap 
shooting ; it is desirable, though not re- 
quisite, that he be a good shot ; l)Ut it is 
absolutely essential that he be a good fel- 
low and a gentleman throughout. The 
Keynote of the organization is absoluie 
fairness in everything, as between one 
Chief and another, and in all relationship 
of the Tribe as a whole with the outside 
world. 

Each member of the Tribe shall be given 
an Indian name with the designation of 
"Chief." These names will be chosen by 
:he Council of Chiefs at the next meeting. 
The Chief Scri'be was also instructed to 
procure a suitatile emblem. 



The following are the first ollicers : — 
Forest H. Conover, High Chief ; I). Mc- 
Mackon, Vice-Chief ; Thomas A. Duff, 
Chief Scribe, and Chief of Wampum ; while 
the Council of Chiefs is composed of 
.Messrs. fieo. W. McGill, Ed. G. White, F. 
A. Ileney, Thomas Upton, J. B. Goodhue 
and S. M. Sereaton. The Initiatory Com- 
mittee will be appointed at the next meet- 
ing, which is to be held at Ottawa on 
.August 17th— the second day of the Annual 
Tournament of the Dominion of Canada 
Trap Shooting and Game Protective As- 
sociation 

A!)plications for membership must be in 




V. 11. CU.\0\hK,EM|. . 
High (biff, Canadian Inaianf. 

writing, signed by two Indians and accom- 
[lanied by the fee of S;r>.0(i, which will be 
returned in case the applicant is rejected. 
The Chief Scribe will present the names to 
the Tribe in the order in which they are 
received. 

The .Association starts under most fav- 
orable auspices, and is bound to be a suc- 
I'ess. 




ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



II ) 



Blenheim, Ont., Tournament. 





The tenth anaual tournament of the Jav, and. as usual, was highly successful. 
Blenheim Gun Club was held on the Club Shooters were present from all over the 
Grounds, at the Driving Park, last Thurs- district. Ten events were shot off. and 

not a hitch occurred to mar the days 
sport. A strons east wind was blowing. 
,y^^^ which at times was disagreeable to the 

'■*J^^ shooters, but apart from this nothing bet- 

ter could have been hoped for. The shoot 
was under the very capable management 
of F. H. Conover. of Leamington, the 
popular Canadian representative of the 
Dupont Powder Co. The high average 
prizes were won by W. .\. Smith, Kings- 
ville. and H. Scane, Ridgetown, with a 
score of 11-3 each. The scores made by 

H.VKKV S«ANh~ W. .\. SMITH. ., , . _. ^ , -' 1 1 „ 

wimi.roriiijii vvr.,..- »-iim-r..rHi,-ii .xv.Tiiv. the different shooters were as lollows . 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10, 

Conover U li 11 9 1-i U 'J 13 8 10 

Coffee 12 14 12 9 m 12 7 9 5 13 

Mont. Burk 14 12 12 8 7 11 7 

W. A. Smith 15 14 10 10 10 14 8 12 7 13 

O'Brien 10 8 ... 3 U 8 6 6 

Galbraith 14 9 13 9 11 11 8 14 6 12 

II. Scane 12 14 11 10 13 12 9 13 6 13 

C. Scane 12 11 13 9 12 13 9 14 7 12 

Hall 11 11 12 9 13 11 7 13 8 11 

McMackon 1 U 13 13 7 8 14 6 10 7 11 

Sam. Burk 8 7 ... 8 10 ... 7 ... 7 ... 

Agnew 8 10 10 7 8 9 10 10 6 8 

N'lchol 5 4 9 7 

Slater 9 11 7 3 10 7 6 9 7 ... 

J. Wetherald U 10 ... 5 6 

Redpath 10 11 12 4 U 14 6 7 5 ... 

0. Wetherald U 12 ... 6 11 10 8 7 4 ... 

.Sim. Burk 10 13 8 10 6 10 5 ... 

R. Day H' 11 1" 5 10 ... 8 8 8 ... 

W. D. Samson 7 11 

T. Taylor 13 

C. Mallory 8 8 10 4 7 

AI. Samson fi 10 11 5 10 7 10 

Haskell 2 3 5 3 5 4 ... 

Pickering 5 9 

Henry 5 4 ... 3 

Marsh. Burk 9 ... 13 10 ... 6 ... 

Sheeler 6 ... 9 5 7 

Piggott '7 8 

Bell 9 - 8 

Clark ^ " 

Bowden ''- ■ 

Clayton G ■•■ 

McLaren 8 8 

Hartford H '\ ■■■ 

Hatidv 5 •■• 



1 20 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



l-vculs Nos. 1. 2 8. 0, fi. 8. anil 10 were 
15 targets eaeh ; and Events Nos. 4. 7, 
and 9 were 10 targets each. 

NOTES. 

"Injun" t'cnover liad tlie satisfaction of 
seeing nearly every shooter using Dupont 
powder. 

The high average nien both used Du- 



pont. Scane used his. in an Klly shell 
and Smith in the Dominion Cartridge Co.'s 
new "'Sovereign'' shell. 

"Muikshot" Hall's personal popularity 
always draws a crowd and HIenheim shoots 
are always well attended. 

.\ stiff head wind made the shooting 
dillieult as well as very unpleasant. 



Northwest Traps. 



FORT (i.VRKY (UN C'Ll B SCORES. 

In spite of the threatening rain and a 
cold, dark evening, a good shoot was en- 
joyc<l by a fair luimber of the members of 
the Fort Garry duh May 15th at their 
trai)s, in Norwood. In spite of the above 
unfavorable conditions together with a 
strong wind, some very good scores were 
made as follows : 

Class A— F. G. Simpson (gold) 21, T. 
Rrodie 22, G. A. Britton 22, R. J. McKay 
(visitor) 22, E. J. Mar.sh 22, J. McL 
Holiday 21, R. Girdleslone 20, .1. 11. 
Bourgouin 18, R, M. Watson 17, II B. 
Totten 17, W. H. McMillan IK, H. Beli- 
veau 16, 'C. M. Scott 15, C. II. Ought red 
15. 

Class R— L Hurry 13, J. H. Wye (visit- 
or) 13, S. (irillin 12, S. Bridges 12. 

The largest meet of the Fort Garry 
club for the season to date was held at 
their traps May 18th. Most of the old 
members turned out and several new ones 
were added to the list. There are yet 
some of the older members who have not 
put in an appearance and who are looked 
for. The following is the score : 

Class A— F. (t, Simpson 21 (gold). F. 
Scott 23, E. A. Britton 23. J. McL. Holli- 
day 21. T. Brodie 21, R. M. Watson 21, 
.1, A. Lindsay 18, ,1. A. Ilartman 18,- F. 
H. Teller 17, II. Beliveau 16, Capt. R. D. 
McDonald in, JI Totten 16. J. M. hour- 
gouin 15. 

Class B— L. Hurry 16, S. GrifTin 15, W. 
H. McMillan 13, T. Potter 13, J. Bridges 
11, C. H. Oughtred 9, T. Cull fl, C. Y. 
Gregory 9, F. G. Belcher 8, M. De La 
Giglais S. 



FORT GARRY GIN CLUB SCORES, 
MAY 22ND. 

Class A— F. Scott 22 (gold), R. J. 
McKay (visitor) 22, F. G. • Simpson 21 
(silver), R. T. Halliday (visitor) 21, W. 
H. Suttin (visitor' 21, G. A. Britton 20, 
R. M. Watson 20, R. Lightcap (visitor), 
20, .1. Lemon (visitor) 20, J. A. Hart- 
man 19, M. Putnam 18, M. Bates (visitor), 
18, W. Eadc (visitor) 18, F. H. Soper 17, 
.J. P. Turner 16, H. P. Totten 16, E. J. 
Mash (visitor) 16. .1. H. Bourgouin 15, H. 
Beliveau M, J. McL. Ilaliday 14. 

Class B— S. Grilbn 16 (gold), T. Pot- 
ter 15 (silver), W. II. McMillan 14 
(bronze), F. H. Teller 13, L. Hurry 11, 
.1. H. Wyr (visitor) 10, T. Cull 7, C. H. 
Oughtred 6, W. A. Matheson 6, M. Gicleis 



('\l)llA.\rs RK.MAKKAHLK SHOOTING. 

The clerk of the weather is no doubt a 
thorough sportsman, for he gave the gun 
clubs a perfect condition for the first con- 
test of the season, between the Fort 
Garrys and Winnipegs and "Cutting Cup'' 
shoot. Dr. Fred Cadham did remarkable 
shooting He won the cup in the shoot 
off of the tie with H. Lightcap. Both had 
21 to their credit, but in the shoot oft 
Cadham repeated his performance, missing 
only one bird, while lightcap went down 
to 20. 

In the inter-dub shoot the Winnipegs 
won w-ith a total of 179-174. Dr. Cad- 
ham made 23, giving him 71 out of pos- 
sible 75 for the evening shoot, a splendid 
score. G. A. Britton, w^ho formerly held 
the cup, made a score of 21. 

The Fort Garry club will practice on 



ROD AND GUN IN lANADA 



Monday and Thursday evenings and the 
Winnipeg on Tuesday and Friday evenings. 
The score of the two shoots was as fol- 
Icws : Cutting Cup Shoot : G. A. Brit- 
ton 21. R. J. McKay 22, J. A. Hartman 
17, J. H. Bourgouin 15, R. M. Watson 14, 
J. P. Turner 21, H. Beliveau 15, J. John- 
son 21, C. M. Scott 23, H. B. Totten 20, 
W. Sutton 23, T. Brodie 21, H. Lightcap 
24. Dr. F. Cadham 24, J. McL. Holliday 
]9. D. H. Bain 20, R. Girdleston 20, O. 
H. Lightcap 20. In the inter-club con- 
test the scores were : 

Fort Garry Club— F. G. Simpson 24, P. 
Johnston 42. J. McL. Holliday 20, T. Bro- 
die 20, J. P. Turner 20. H. B. Totten 15, 
.1. Bourgouin 15, A. Britton 22, C. M. 
Scott 16. Total 174. 

Winnipe.s Club— H. A. Lightcap 23, Dr. 
F. Cadham 23. W. Sutton 20, A. W. Glo- 
ver Ift, P. J. McKay 23, J. H. Thomp- 
son 17, O F. Lightcap 17. J. Spcnce 14, 
C. Dodd 21. Total 179 

KILL.\RNI:Y (MAX.) SHOOT. 

The weekly handicap shoot for the 
Hingston-Smith buttons took place on 
Monday night. May 15th, and although the 
night was wet and a high wind, some good 
scores were made. O. G. Rutledge 22, U. 
J Sander 21. K. M. Bartlett 20, gold, S. 
Sander '19. silver; J. A. Thompson 16, 
bronze : Am. Namee 16. H. Cooney 15, 
Thos. Liddle 15, N. Arscctt 14. Fred 
.Stevenson 12, Ed. Ringland 10. 

SELKIRK, MAX., GVX CLUB. 
.\ large and enthusiastic meeting of 
shooters was held at West Selkirk, when 
it was decided to form a gun club to be 
called the Selkirk gun club. The follow- 
ing ofhcers were elected ; President, J. 
H. Montgomery ; vice-president, F. Hook- 
er : Hon. Sec.-Treas., C. C. Stewart ; 
committee, R. B. Fisher, W. J. Laney, C. 
C. Cornish, Walter Colclough, and A. D. 
Ferguson. H. G. Spurgeon were made hon- 
orary mem'bers of the club. There were 
25 active members enrolled, amongst 
whom are several well known shots 
Shooting will "be conducted two evenings a 
week, probably Monday and Thursdays (to 
be decided) and a battery of three ■ expert 
traps will be used. The club is starting 
under very favora'ble circumstances, having 



so many trap enthusiasts interested and 
will no doubt be welcomed by the city gun 
clubs through its close proximity to Win- 
nipeg and many . interesting inter-club 
shoots will be looked forward to this 
season. 

I.NDIAX HEAD GUN CLUB. 

The annual meeting of the Indian Head 
gun club has been held, and the following 
ofTicers elected for the season of 1905 : 
Patron, His Lordship the Bishop of 
(Ju'Appelle ; patroness, Mrs. Grisdale ; 
hon. president, Mr. Wm. Wilson ; jiresi- 
dent, Mr. A. M. Fraser ; secretary- 
treasurer. D. G. Mackay ; field captain, 
(ieo. Lang ; council. .\. G. Orchard. H. 
McGregor, W. ^McBain, J. INIeldrum. 

The club has been divided into A and B 
classes, and weekly button shoots com- 
mence on May 4th. 

The club has acquired new grounds, on 
which a neat club house will be erected, 
and a most successful season is anti- 
cipated. 

FORT GARRY'S FIRST SHOOT. 

The Fort Garry gun club opened their 
season Monday, May 1st, with a fair at- 
tendance at their traps in X'orwood. The 
regular meet for the season will be ^Ion- 
day anii Thursday evenings, commencing 
at 7 o'clock sharp. The traps in their 
new location are in good working con- 
dition and everything promises a good 
season's sport. 

The old members are requested to turk 
out and aid in making a successful sea- 
son. 

Monday's score were as follows • 

Class A— G. A. Britton 21, F. Simpson 
21, Dr. McKenzie 21, P. Johnson 20. M. 
Bourgouin 19, J. A. Hartman 18, W. Sut- 
ton 17, J. McL. »Tolliday 14. C. M. Scott 
13, A. Totten 12. 

Class B— W. H. McMillan 12, M. Belle- 
veau 11, F. G. Belcher in, W. A. Mathe- 
son 6. 

SWAN LAKE GUN CLUB. 
The regular weekly shoot of the Swan 
Lake gun club was held on the club's 
grounds to the south of the town Friday 
evening. May 19th. The interest centered 
in the contest for the Lindsay cup. Con- 
ditions : 15 birds per man, 16 yards rise. 



122 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA, 



The toiiU'st was close and exciting and 
was watched by a goodly number of spec- 
tators. The leading scores were as fol- 
lows ; F. Manning (Lindsay cup) 15, A. 
C. Hawkin 13 (silver), \. Clive 12 (gold), 
G. Clive 9 (bronze), C. Marshall 8. \V. C. 
Garrioch 12, H. Birch 7. Mr. Hawkins, 
winner of the silver button last week, was 
handicapped one bird. The interest in 
the weekly shoots is growing ^greatly. The 
club has now a membership of 74. 

portage: la puairie gun club. 

The following ollicers of the gun club 
have been elccied : Patron, James 



Brown ; president, W. H. Thomson ; vice- 
president. I. W". Thomson ; secretary- 
treasurer, Sel Macdonald ; executive com- 
mittee, Dr Keele, Dr. Weagant and John 
McC'owan. The club will hold a shoot on 
.Monday and Thursday evenings of each 
week. Improvements will be made to the 
dub house and grounds. A new hiachine 
trap, called "the white flyer,"' will also 
be 'installed. The retiring president. Dr. 
Weagant, kindly donated a gold medal, 
to be given to the shooter cbtaining th« 
best average under 5u per cent. and at- 
taining 511 per cent, of the shoots. 



Toronto Traps. 



BALIMV BEACH EXPERTS WON. 
.\ friendly match was shot on Saturday 
.April 29ih, between teams of ten men 
each, representing the Bracondale and 
Balmy Beach Gun Clubs, with the follow- 
ing result : 

Bracondale. 

J. A. Shaw " 25 

Cottercil 17 

Hislop 15 

Dollery 15 

\V. Edwards 13 

W. H. Edwards 11 

O'Brien 11 

Shiller : 11 

Baird 10 

Burbridge 5 



Total 



.133 



Balmy Beach. 



Mason... 19 

J. G. Shaw 19 

Mullin IS 

Segar 16 

Booth 15 , 

Ten Eyck 15 

Hanibly 13 

Casci 12 

Adams 11 

Wilson 8 



Total . 



146 



STANLEY CLUB SHOOT. 
The regular weekly shoot of the Stan- 
ley Gun Club took place April 29th. The 
day. though line, was against the shooter, 
blowing a gale from the west, causing the 
targets to take a very uncertain flight. 
In the spoon event, which is a handicap 
with extrd birds to shctt at, Mr. Dunk 
and Farmer tied with 22 each ; in the 
shoot-ofT Mr. Dunk won. The following 
are the score.s : 

Events 1 2 3 4 Hd. 6 7 8 

Targets 10 10 10 20 25 25 10 20 

Rock 9 8 7 16 —15 ... 10 16 

llulme 10 8 9 ... —20 

Farmer 7 6 8 ... 6—22 16 

'.Ictiraw 5 ... 5 ... 7—14 ... 5 ... 

Dunk . !' 9 9 18 —22 19 

-UcGUI 10 8 S 16 —20 18 9 18 

Hirons 7 ... 6 ... 1 — 15 

XX 5 7 8 15 1—21 16 8 M 

Thompson 6 7 10 16 —18 17 

Martin 5 ... 7 ... 5—20 

Hooey 4 5 7 ... 4—18 ... 7 ... 

Vx\\7 7 4 

Buck 7 9 1—20 

Dey : 19 ... 7 ... 

Greci _i9 15 jg 

The regular weekly shoot of the Stanley 
Gun Club took place on their grounds on 
May Gth. There was a slim attendance 
of the members present owing to the in- 
clemencT of the weather. The few events 
that were shot took place in a steady 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



123 



ilown-pour, which put a damper on the 
sport. In the spoon event some good 
scores were made. Mr. Buck, with three 
additional, and Fritz, with five additional 
birds to shoot at, scored 2'! each. Mr. 
Dunk and Mr. Rock, 'both scratch men, 
were right up with 23 each. 

RIVERDALE CLUB SHOOT. 

The regular Wednesday shoot was held 
on the grounds of the Riverside Gun Club 
May 10th. The spoon event was won by 
Mr. W. Best. The following are the 
scores : — 

Event No. 1, 10 targets— Pashby 8, Mil- 
ler 6, Morgan fi, Callander 5, Argue 5. 

Event No. 2, 10 targets— Pashby 8, 
Best 7, Morgan 6, Miller 5, Edwards 5. 

Event No. 3, spoon event, 25 targets 
(handicap)— Best (1) 22, Pash'by (7) 20, 
Morgan (7) 18. Miller (6) Ifi, Callender 
(1) 15, Argue (6) 15, Edwards (7) 12. 



Event No. 4, lu targets— Best 8, Pash- 
by 7, Morgan 7, Miller 6, Edwards 5. 

Event No. 5, 10 targets— Powell 8, Best 
7, Morgan C, Callender. 5, Argue &. 

Event No. 6, 5 targets— Best 5, Pashby 
5, Morgan 4, Powell 4, Edwards 3. 

STANLEY CLUB WEEKLY SHOOT. 

The regular weekly shoot of the Stanley 
Gun Club took place on their grounds on 
Saturday, May 13th. The day was fine 
and warm, with little wind, an ideal day 
for shooting. The spoun event, which is 
a handicap with extra birds to shoot at, 
was a general surprise all round. Wilson, 
Booth, Hirons, and X. X., with their 
handicap, made straight scores. In the 
shoot off Wilson and Booth again made 
straight scores. Wilson finally won. The 
scratch men were right up with good 
scores. 



<►♦♦ 



Ottawa Traps. 



Following were the scores at the regular ^U. C. L. Panel scores a win on the 

weekly shoot of the St. Hubert's Gun President's shield in A Class and Mr. I. 
clu'b on Saturday, April 22nd : N. Deslaurier a win in B class. 





CLASS A. 






V. 


L. Panel 


... 21 


24—45 


w 


J. > Johnstone 


.. 22 


22—44 


V. 


A. Heney 


... 20 


21—41 


\\ 


L. Cameron 


22 


18—40 


\\ 


Slaney 


. . 20 


20—40 


c. 


Brodeur 


16 


22f-38 


G. 


Easdale 


.. 16 


21-37 


T. 


C. Boville 


.. 17 


20—37 


,\. 


W. Throop ... 


.. 17 


19—36 


J. 


M. Roberts 


.. 17 


18—35 


W. 


McMahon 


.. 18 


14—32 


P 


Trudeau 


.. 11 


18—29 




CLASS B. 






I. 


X. Ueslaurier 


.. 15 


21—36 


J. 


C. Booth 


.. 17 


15—32 


H. 


O'Connor 


.. 13 


18—31 


P. 


Marshall 


.. 13 


17—30 


G. 


Graves 


.. 14 


14—28 


E. 


R. McNeil 


.. 10 


7—17 



The weekly shoot of the St. Hubert's 
gun club on Saturday, April 29th, resulted 
as follows : 

CLASS A. 

W. L. Cameron (18 yds) 24 23—47 

J M. Roberts (16 yds.) 20 18—38 

CLASS B. 

J. C. Booth (IS yds.) 17 18—35 

L. A. Ray (16 yds.) 8 18-26 

I. N. Deslaurier (18 yds.) 13 13—26 



Mr. Cameron scored another win In the 
President's shield in class A and Mr. 
Booth another win in Class B. 

At the weekly shoot of the St. Hubert's 
Gun club Saturday, May 6, W. L. Cam- 
eron and I. N. Deslaurier won the presi- 
I'ent's and vice-president's trophies, re- 
corded : 



1-4 



f:OD AA'D (PC-jV lv caxada 





CLASS A. 






C 

T 


w. 


L. Camoioii (18 yds.) .. 


.. 23 


21—17 




Ci. 


Kasdale (18 yds.) 


... 25 


22-47 




w. 


Slaney (16 yds.) 


... 21 


23-44 


I. 


E. 


0. White (18 yds.) 


.. 21 


22—43 


11 


F. 


A. Hency (18 yds 


18 


24—12 


(' 


C. 


I., Panet (18 yds.) 


.. 21 


20—41 


P 


J. 


.\J. Roberts (16 yds.) ... 


... 20 


201-10 


1. 



Brodeur (16 yds.) 

r. Bovillc (18 yds.) . . 

CLASS B. 

N. Deslanrier (18 yds.) 
II. O'Connor (18 yds.) ... 

B. Dougherty (16 yds.) 
P. Marshall (16 yds.) 

Ray (16 yds.) 



<^»«> 



Sprin^wood Gun Club, London. 



1 7 22—39 
14 21—35 



22 22—44 

14 21—35 

16 18—34 

H 15—29 

13 11—27 



The foUowins are the scores made .\pril 
29th : 

At 25 birds— Day 23, Avey 13, Webb 1(;, 
Glover 19. 

At 25 birds— Glover 24, Day 21, Webb 
14, Avey 11. 

The attendance at the monthly shoot of 
the Springwood gun ehib, held May 2tid, 
was the most numerously attended yet 
held. The weather was perfect and in conse- 
quence some excellent shooting was done. 
The scores were as follows : 

For the Presideiit's buttons, at 25 birds 
—Tillman 24, Brown 22, Parker 23, Glov- 
er 20, Fortnier 20, Simcox 20, Avey 19, 
Day 17, Remington 17, Gurd 17, Deeton 

17, Rooks 16, Bowman 9. 

.\ Tillmann winning the gold 'button, 
Parker the silver and J. Brown the 
bronze. 
For the LaFama trophy- 
Class AA., 19 yards, at 20 birds— Glov. 
er 17. 
Class A., 19 yards, at 22 birds— Parker 

18, Tillman 19, Simcox 16, Brown 18. 
Class B., 18 yards, at 23 birds— Day 12, 

Nicholson 11, Neville 13. 

Class C, 17 yards, at 21 birds— Gurd 
16, Remington 17, Rooks 18, Fortnier 19. 

Class D., 16 yards, at 27 birds— Avey 18. 

For the silver spoon— 

1,') birds, at 16 yards— .\vey 12, Rooks 
13, Remington 10, Bowman 5, Deeton 9. 

15 birds, at 18 yards— Fortnier 13, Day 
10, Parker 13, Nicholson 11. 

15 birds, at 20 yards— Tillmann 12, 
Brown 11. 

15 birds, at 22 yards— Glover 11. 

Extra event, at 25 birds— Glover 24, 
Tillmann 21, Brown 21. Parker 21. Fort- 
nier 20. RooVs 19, Avey IS, Simcox 18, 



Remington 17, Day 14, Neville 13, Gurd 

17. 

EMPIRE DAY SHOOT. 

I'he Springwood Gun Club held a club 
shoot on Empire Day, which was well at- 
tended and some good scores made. 

The principal event was the "president's 
and secretary's'' match, a fifty-bird event 
In which four silver prizes were given : 
1st, silver fruit bowl, value -HSOO ; 2nd, 

A few of the Pliinis to be won at the 

5th Annual Tournament of 



The Dominion of Canada Trap Shoot- 
ing and Game Protective Association 



At Ottawa, Aug. 16, 17, & 18 

$200 Hammerless I'jector Gun. donated by Isaac 

Holies & .^on. London. ICng. Makers of Ihe cele- 

hraled ••Holtes iJun." 
$8o Parkrr Hamnieilrss. donated bv Parker Bros. 

Makers of ' The old Reliable' 
$75 Lefever Hammerless Kjector. donated by Lefever 

Arms Co. Makers of tlie celebrated 'Lefever Gun'. 
$75 Sterling Silver Cup. donated by Kynoch Ltd.. 

Beriiiingham. 

Tliis will lie the hiy event of the year. 

Every Gun Chib in Canada 
slioiild afRHate -:- -:- 



I'. A. Hi NKV. I'res. 
Ottawa. 



]. 1'am>\1.k. Sec. & rreai, 

21 J Sparks St , Ottawa 



Watch for List of Prizes in June Rod and (inn. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



silver balic dish, value $8.00 ; 3r(l, silver 
fruit bowl, value $H.O(l ; 4th, bread tray, 
value Sl.dO. Mr. J. S. Brown won first 
l)rize ; B. W. Glover, second ; Parker, 
third ; A. Tillmann, fourth, on the first 
shoot. On the first shoot, Tillmann, 
Screaton and Breckon tied for fourth ; on 
the shoot-off, Tillmann and Screaton were 
again tied, and Tillman won in the third 
shoot-off. 

Jack Brown gave an exhibition m this 
event that has seldom, if ever, been sur- 
passed in this city, making 45 out of a 
possible SO. He made a straight score of 
38 before missing. 

The score : 

First event (50 birds) : Screaton 40, 



Breckon -10, Parker 42, Gurd 34, Webb 32, 
Tillmann 40, Brown 45, Glover !4, ,Fort- 
ner 22. Day 37, Temple 30, Fowler 32. 

First tie shoot-off : Breckon 36, Till- 
mann 42, Screaton 42. 

Second tie shcot-off : Screaton 35, Till- 
mann 37. 

Event 2 (15 targets sweep): Day 14, 
Breckon 13, Webb 12, Fowler 12, Fortner 
Ui, Mahler 10, • Glover 10, Avey 9, Tem- 
ple 9, Parker 7. 

Event 2 (55 targets sweep) ; Day 14, 
Webb 12, Mahler 11, Screaton 10, Day 10, 
.\vey 10, Fortner 7, Temple 7, Joe 7. 

Event 4 (15 targets sweep) : Glover 13, 
Webb 12, Fortner 10, Day 10, Avey 8. 



Hamilton Gun Club. 



On Saturday afternoon, ^lay 13th, the 
members of the Hamilton Gun club turned 
out thirty strong to shoot for the hand- 
some prizes presented to the club for com- 
petition by Dr. J. E. Overholt, and the 
scores made were far ahead of any ever 
made over the traps in this city by so 
many shooters, and in fact in the history 
of this popular sport in this country, the 
averages of nineteen men running from 80 
to 96 per cent. The event in which the 
club members were competing is a 100- 
bird race, 25 each Saturday, in which yard 
handicaps are given and added birds to 
some of the younger B-class shooters. The 
actual scores made are given lielow, and 



they speak well for the niture of thi.s lu- 
terprising club, which is already recngtu/.- 
ed as the premier shooting organization of 
Canada. 

25 birds— Green 24, Wilson 24, Horning 
23, Maxwell 23, Clifford 23, Hunter 23. 
Dunham 22, Frenri 22, G. Cline 22, J. 
Cline 22, Bowron 22, Dr. Johnston 22, 
("pton 22, Dr. Hunt 21 Graham 21, " lerri- 
man 21, Thomson 21, Ben It 21, Rich 20, 
Hodgson IS, Barnard 18, Ripley 17, W ilk- 
ins 13, Trucsdale 13, Seattle 12, Wade 12, 
Dunn 9. 

With added birds P. Frend won the shoot 
lor the day, scoring a possible. 



♦♦♦ 



The Pastime Gun Club, Stratford, Ont. 



The Pastime Gun Club of Stratford has 
organized for the year with the following 
officers : hon. pres., A. F. MacLaren ; 
hon. vice-pres., Hon. Nelson Monteith ; 
pres., D. D. Hay, jr. ; vice-pres., A. W. 
Fisher ; sec.-treas., William Boles ; direc- 
tors, Wm. Gillard, K. C. Turnbull and 
Thos. Savage ; captain, John Rutherford. 
A handicapping committee was also ap- 
pointed to look after the contestants for 
the MacLaren cup. The meeting was pro- 



bably the most enthusiastic in the history 
of the club and considerable discussion 
arose over the manner in which the Cup 
was to be competed for this season. It 
was held by some that the proper way to 
decide the season winner was by high 
average for the season, a certain number 
of shoots to have 'been taken part in by 
each contestant. This proposition was 
laid aside, however, and it was decided 
to hold a grand handicap competition on 



12^1 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



LalKir Uiiy. forty birds to be shot and the 
ccntesfants to be handicapped on their 
respective averages for the season. Month- 
ly shoots will be held to decide who will 
hold the cup during the season. Each 
contestant must shoot at twenty birds 
and at least twice to qualify, although he 
may shoot four times, in which latter 
case he has the privilege of selecting his 
two best scores. The cup will therefore 
be won five times during the season, the 
competition commencing in May and dos- 
ing in September. There promises to be 
unusual activity at the trap in the Classic 
City this and in following seasons. Ivast 
summer the club shot their matches at 
Battershall's park, and Mr. Battershall, a 
most worthy old gentleman and an en- 
thusiastic admirer of all healthy sport, 
has generously intimated to the city coun- 
cil that he has decided to donate a park 
consisting of two acres of land to the city 
upon the express conditions that it be 
used for all times as a trap-shooting 
ground and football field. One acre, how- 
ever, is to be set a,side exclusively for 
the use of the traj). The transfer will 



take place in the fall as the field is now 
rented for other purposes. Next season 
the Pastime Gun Club purpose erecting a 
commodious club house and devotees of the 
trap will have their hearfs content of the 
sport. The season opened here on Good 
Friday with a shoot between teams chosen 
by the president and the vice-president, 
but the day was so unpropitious that few- 
turned out and the majority of the shoot- 
ing did not average more than 50 per 
cent., though there was one remarkable 
exception, Mr. TurnbuU. the club's ex- 
captain, breaking his twenty straight 
birds, even in a driving snow. Captain 
Rutherford broke 15 and President Hay 
1-1. The president's team won by a close 
margin. Your correspondent hopes to 
advi.se Rod and Gun as to the averages in 
the monthly contests for the MacLaren 
Cup. It must not be forgotten that Mr. 
TurnbuU won a silver spoon presented by 
Mr. J. J. B. Meyers for highest score at 
Good Friday's contest. This season Mr. 
-Meyers will tly the birds as usual and look 
after the traps. 









Stray Pellets. 




li. B. S.MITH. 
Winner High Average. 



The annual Trap Shooting Tournament of 
the Drayton (Ont.) Gun Club, took place 
on Thursday, the 11th May. There were 
visiting sportsmen from Ayton, Arthur, 
Clifford and Walkerton. Barring a stiff 
wind the day was perfect for target shoot- 
ing. High average was won by G. B. 
Smith, Ayton, Ont., with the gocKl score 
of 148 out of 165 with H. A. Mallory, 
Drayton, a close second with 145. 



Following are the scores ; 

Number of birds 10 15 15 13 15 15 2U 15 15 15 15 Shot at Broke 

G. B. Smith 7 13 14 13 13 13 18 15 13 14 15 165 US 

Mallory 10 12 13 13 14 13 17 15 12 13 13 

White.. 7 9 8 12 11 14 15 14 12 12 10 

Doersen 8 9 11 12 12 14 14 11 10 13 11 

F. Smith 6 12 10 9 9 10 14 10 8 10 11 

Boctz 5 9 9 10 U 8 11 11 ... 

Ferguson !• U 10 9 13 11 10 11 13 



165 


145 


165 


124 


165 


125 


165 


109 


120 


74 


140 


97 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



127 



Biischlin 9 10 10 9 13 10 9 11 9 140 90 

Perdee 9 11 11 14 10 11 ... 13 10 115 89 

Willis 6 8 ... ... 9 \3. 55 35 

Heehsche i, 7 10 8 10 55 35 

Walper " 4 7 ... 8 8 5 ... 13 10 100 55 

Hefkey 13 11 30 24 



The third annual Tournament of the made. Geo. il. Dunk of Toronto won the 

Arthur Gun Club was held on their high average with 152 out of a possible 

grounds on May 24th. Although there 170. 
Was a high wind some good scores were 

Events— 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 

Birds— 10 15 15 20 10 10 15 20 15 20 10 

G. Dunk 9 14 13 19 10 9 14 18 6 14 19 7 

Kidd 10 11 14 17 8 10 11 14 8 12 14 8 

G. B. Smith 10 13 15 16 10 9 13 18 8 13 14 S 

H. A. Mallory 10 12 11 18 10 9 !) 19 9 12 13 7 

Ferguson 8 9 11 11 6 8 9 16 8 

Buechlin 10 11 8 ... 9 14 7 11 12 5 

Coffin 8 12 14 13 6 7 10 16 8 12 ... 8 

Perdue .., 7 11 U ... 8 8 11 14 8 

McCague 8 13 15 12 9 5 9 15 7 9 ... 9 

G. i...dd 7 9 11 ... 9 9 12 17 8 ... 15 7 

Hamilton 5 11 12 15 6 6 9 15 5 10 12 7 

Johnson 4 6 8 10 11 4 

E. W. Brocklebank 10 12 12 15 8 7 9 17 9 11 17 8 

Gowett 8 13 4 8 



PICTON (ONTT.) GUN CLUB. 

The trap-shooters of Pirton, Ont., have 
organized themselves into a gun club with 
the foUow'ing odicers : Hon. President, 
M. B. Werden ; President, M. V. Pellett ; 
Vice-President, H. S. Noxon ; Secretary, 
Keith Hepburn ; Treasurer,' E. Spencer ; 
Executive Committee, B. Johnson, J. 
.Mastin, A. Hubbs, L. Crandall, B. Sran- 
dall. 

The club have leased a part of the Agri- 
cultural Society's ground and the regular 
club shoots will be held on the first and 
third Thursdays in each month. A set of 
Xo. 2 Quick Set Traps will be used for 
the present. 

We extend a hearty welcome to this 
young club to the brotherhood of trap- 
shooters and hope their good example will 
be followed by other good shooters in that 
district. 

KOMOKA GUN CLUB. 
The scores of the Komoka (Ont.) Gun 
club on May 4th were as follows :- Ten 



targets— W. T. Oliver 4, F. Rooks 6, J. 
Harrison 6, F. Harrison 5, W. Oliver 6, 
Geo. Harrison 4, C. Harrison 8. 

WINCHESTER GUN CLUB. 

Winchester Gun club, of Jordan Sta- 
tion, held a very successful shoot on 
Good Friday afternoon, and although the 
weather was rough the scores in each 
event were good. The last two events 
were shot in a regular 'blizzard. The scores 
and events were as follows : 

Event No. 1, 10 birds — H. W. ^uns- 
berry 8, A. Heckadon 7, W. Casker 6, E. 
Fisher 5, J. Cline 4, J. Honsberger 3, F. 
Troup 3. 

Events No. 2, 10 birds— H. W. Huns- 
berry 9, W. Casker 9, A. Heckadon 9, D. 
Price 6, J. Cline 5, F. Hotson 5, F. 
Troup 4, J. Honsberg 3. 

Event No. 3, 10 birds— H. W. Huns- 
berry 9, A. May 9, W. Casker 9, E. Fish- 
er 8, D. Goold 8, H. May 8, A. Heckalon 
5, C. May 4. 

Event No. 4, 10 birds— A. May 9, H. 



128 



ROD AND CUN IN CANADA 



W. Huiisberry 8, E. Fisher 8. H May S 

P3vent Nn 5, f. binl.s— K. Fisher <>, A 
Ilcckadon .'>, \V. C'asker 5. H. \V. Hun^.- 
berry 4. I) (ioolii 1, F Troup 4, D. Priie 
4, F. Iliitsoii A, \\ llmli I 



WILSON WON THK DIAMOND ilKDAL 

The final shoot of the winter series was 
held at the llaniiltou (inn dub gromuis en 
Saturday aftornooM, April 22. The event 
of greatest interest during the seasooi just 
past was for the haiidsonie diamond medal 
presented by the enterprising jeweler-;. 
Klein iV Hinicley. for the club champion- 
ship. Dr. "Wilson" won with 134 out < i 
150 in the six shoots. Hunt was spiond 
and Frank third. 

Capt Spencer presented the medal to 
the clubs crack shot, making a neat 
speech, to which the winner suitably re- 
plied, after which refreshments were serv- 
ed in the club house. 

In the B class merchandise shoots, 
George Dean and Perl Frend were the 
winners, after a very close race, in which 
there were live ties to shoot off. 

The day was perfect for shooting and 
some good scores were made. 

Klein iV Binkley trophy. 25 birds : 

A CLASS 

Thomson --^ 

Hunter -'- 

Wilson -- 

Hunt -2 

.^. Cline -*> 

Frank ' 1" 

Ipton 1* 

Raspberry -' '^'^ 

G. Clme I* 

R t'LASS. 

20 birds- 
Dean 1*^ 

Frend ^\ 

Beatty •■ ^^ 

Moncrief '• 

,lohiisoti 1^ 

Hodgson 1;^ 

Kiplcv ^'^ 

1 Q 

Dunham '"; 

Afagill ^- 

9 



If the 
SECRETARIES of 

TRAR SHOOTING CLUBS 

will send Si3.<x) lu pay for a 
year's subscription ro , 

Rod and Gun in Canada, 

to each of fiftLcii iiiciiibers, we 
will donate a Beautiful Bri.ght 
Finish Gold Lined Trophy, height 
S'i inches, valued at 5io. 

Or if Si 2.00 is sent to pay for 
a years subscription to each of 
twelve members, we will donate 
a Beautiful SilvOT Tobacco Box, 
valued at SS oa. 

Or if S6 CUT is sent to pay for a 
year's subscription to each of 
six members, we will donate a 
Trophy valued at $4.00. hei.sjlft 
6 inches. 
The goods we are offering are manufac- 
tured by the Toronto Silver Plating Co. , 
Toronto. 

Kor Sample copies, etc. . write to 

W. J. TAYLOR. 

Publisher of Ron ami Hi n in L'an.m>.*. 

W..nflst.,.k. (Int. 

MONTREAL AGENTS FOR 

The Canada Launch and 
Engine Works. Limited 

TORONTO 

The NEW 'SUPERIOR' ENGINE 



:f in need of 

Awnings, Teiit.s, Sails, Flags, Canoes, 
SkiH's. I^aunehes Boat Fittings, Etc. 

Telophone or Write 

THE "SONNE" 

Awning. Tent 6 Tarpaulin Co., 



775 Craig St.. Montreal, p.p. 
New No. 329 Craig West, Near Victoria Sq. 

Phones : Main 722 and 726. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



129 




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Up Pecowsic Hill, at Springfield, Mass., U.S. A., on a 12 per cent grade, at 
a 26 mile clip, the Reo Touring Car (shown obove ) taken from stock, beat 
out all cars of its class in the Automobile Club Contest, April 26th, and won 
against several cars of a much more pretentious tvpe and three times the 
REO'Scost. The REO is not only right in design and construction, but 
liuilt in the right quantit\- to insure the righ price. Immediate Delivery. 

TOURING-CAR 



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The REO Motor Car Company ^ 



\2flliit-s lliroii^liniil rllr 

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/?.M. OWf/V, Sales Manager Sales Office: 138 West 38th St., /Vew York factories: Lansing, Mich. 



"RENE" 



#9 

V* (i- "RENE" is the only brand of cigars 

we manufacture, made in one style, one 
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' We sell same at one cash price only. 

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It is made to suit gentlemen of good taste. 
The word " RENE" is stamped on each cigar; none 
others are genuine. Sold everywhere. Manufactured 
and guaranteed by 

THE RENE CIGAR CO., Hamilton. Canada 




When writing adverlisms kliully imiilion HUD AND GLN IN C.\N,\DA. 



130 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Shooting and tishing 



Moose Lands, 

Caribou haunts, 



Ouananiche (Fresh Water Salmon ) 
and Trout 



The OrANAMCHi: (if Lakic St. John is the Finny Cham i>ion oi" Canadian 
Wathks. 

The Bkook Tkoit of Kenoc.ami and Laki-: Kdwakd are ce'ebrated for 
Quality and (Ji^antity. 

Lake luhvard and RiYiere-a-Pierre are noted for both MoosK and Cakiboit. 

CAKiiiou abound in the Chicoutinii and La Belle Riviere Districts. 

Quebec & Lake St. John Railway 

THE NEW ROUTE TO THE FA R • FAM E O S AGU E N AY 



! LAKE ST JOHN RAILWAY. 

Thr New Roulc lo Ihc 
FaR-FaMED SaCUENaV 




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north of Oueliec, and to Lake St. John and 
Chicoutinii. throuoh the 

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Trains connect at Chicoutinii with Sague- 
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A round trip uiieiiuulled in America, 
through matchless P'orest, Mountain, River 
and Lake Scenery, down the majestic Saguenay 
by day-light and back to the Fortress Citv, 

ToucMng at all the Beautiful Sea-Side Resorts 

on the Lower St. Lawrence, with their Chain 
of Commodious Hotels. 

Hotel Roberval. Lake St. John, has first- 
class accommodation for ,oo guests, and is run 
in connection with the Island House at Grand Dis- 
charge of Lake St. John, the Centre of the 
OuananicKe P'ishing Grounds. 



Parlor and Sleeping Cars 

MAGNIFICENT SCENERY BEAUTIFUL CLIMATE 

Connection with trains of the Great Northern Raihva> of Canada for Grand" Mere 
and the Celebrated Shawinigan Falls, the Niai(araof the East. 
Appiv to the Ticket Agents of all Principal Cities 
A beautifully illustrated Guide Book free on application. 

ALEX. HARDY. J. G. SCOTT. 

Gen. Pass. Agt., ftuebec. P. Q, General Manager. 

Wdoii wihini; aiUeitisiis kindly miiuion Hon \Mi (.iVN IN C.VS.VDA. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 131 

♦ 
♦ 



T 

♦ 

♦ 



OUR BIRTHDAY. i 

^ With the publication of the present number Rod and Gun in Canada 

i enters upon the seventh year of its existence. It is surely of good omen . 

J that our birtHda\- should come in tb is glorious month of June — the month T 

^ of bright promises, the month of trout and bass, the month in which ^ 

t we are realizing a few of our ideals. Oit present number will show our ^ 

J readers how far we have piogressed, and all of them will realize to some 

^ ext&nt as the.\ have perused our last few issues that of late our improve- 

^ ment has been rapid. We may say that our time of anxiety and proba- ^ 

y tion has passed. "Hod and Gun in Canada" is now an assured success. j 

^ In the life of a magazine, success is judged from a double stand- 

t point — circulation and advertising. Our circulation has lately gone up 

▼ b- U'aps and bounds, and has proved to us the general approval which j 

i has followed the widening of the scope of '"Rod and Gun in Canada.'" ^ 

^ We are now covering the whole of Canada — from ocean to ocean. We f 

♦ ai'e now the organ of information to which our readers may refer for le- j 
i liable accounts of fishing, shooting, canoeing, camping, and all kindred X 

outdoor physical sports. In this respect we have built up a leputation » 

;▼ which it shall be one of our foremost aims to maintain. We are in ^ 
touch with all Hudson's Bay Agents including those in the mose remote ♦ 
; northern distjicts, and with the Agents in the sporting territories of f 

Canada covered by various railway svstems, and other great transporta- T 

i tion companies, and in this way have means of obtaining accurate and ♦ 

^ reliable information which are unsurpassed. ^ 

♦ With such encouragements from both sides we enter upon our sev- 
i enth year full of courage and deteimination to make "Rod and Gun" a 
^ sporting magazine second to none in America. In the matter of full and 

♦ accurate Canadian information already given in our columns month b\ j 
f month we claim that already we take first place. It will not be our ^ 
^ fault if in future years we do not make fuither claims and do our best t 

♦ to justify them. j 
f In the future we shall at all times be glad to receive contributions A 
^ on fishing, shooting, camping, canoeing, and similar subjects, particulai- f 

:ly if these are the personal experiences of the writers. While the public- J 
ation of everything sent in must of course be subject to Editorial dis- 

t cretion we make real stories our strong point; we are not without am- 

♦ bition as to literary stj'le but mean ever to consider genuineness first. 
^ What we wish for are personal experiences, simply told; accuracy and 

4 reliability must continue to be our strong points. 

T As further proof of the demand for the kind of information we are 

^ now giving to the public we may mention our pleasing exper.tence that 

' ovir circulation in the United States is growing just as rapidly as ^ 

J it is in Canada, and affording us another proof of the desire of our 

♦ southern neighbors to know as much as they can learn of our great 
i northland. 
t In advertising our progress has provfil eiiually Satisfactor\-. Results 

♦ to advertisers have followed our increased and still increasing circulat- 
f ion. and though we have to t'Ut up rates commensurate with this 
^ srowth our advertising patrons have been satisfied that they are obtain- 

♦ insr good value from their expenditure and so far from withdrawing have 
1 asked for further extensions of space. 
^ We would from today make "Rod and Gun" essential to every per- 

♦ son. and they are constantlv increasing in numbers, who love out-door 
i life and sports. In the woods and waters of Canada we have an il- i 

t lim.'table field, and we will do our b.^st to exploit it thoroughlv. t 

♦ ♦ 



♦ 

1 



s 



x 



132 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



^ 



Ovir Advertisers. 

Our readers will find exceptional interest in readins the advertise- 
ments in this -number. 

The fronds ad\ertised are in constant demand by people who are 
fend of oiiUioor life. Wo recommend you to eo through these pages of ad- 
vert isi'iiu-nts lurrfiilb iiiui s»-e how much applies to th.' nlans vou are 
prepari^lr for your summer outing. The spirit of "sojuethine new" 
meets \ou on nearly evers page. 

We do not believe there is a single advertiser in this issue that has 
not a \vell known reputation for fair dealing and for doing everything 
that his advertisement promises. The advertisers represented in this 
issuo gla<ll.\ furnish the readers of ROD AXD GT'X IK CANADA 
with anv information thai may be required concerning the goods the.v 
make or handle, and those w'lio issue catalogues will be pleased to send 
them for the askin,g. Our readers are reouestcd to mention ROD AND 
GUN IN CANADA when writing to advertisers. 



* 

^ 



Rod and Gun's List of Guides. 

\Vc give below our lirst list of guides, and trust in future to make this a valuable 
feature of the magazine. It, is our intenti on to eliminate from this list the name cf 
any guide whose name may be accidentall i' inserted and who may prove untrustwor- 
thy; and to admit to it only the names o f those men who are Cf proved integrity, 
thus making it a worthy ambition on the part of any man to have his name regis- 
tered in our list and also to assure to a smrtsman. as far as it is possible to do so, 
the capabilities and trustworthiness of the men whose names appear below:— 



BanR (Alta.)— Brewster Bros. 

Bill Peyto. 
Biscotasing, (Ont,)— A. Clement. 
Beaufort (N, B,)— Charles McEwan, 

Ben Lee. 

Hiram Biggar. 
Blind River (Ont, >- Joe Saugeen. 

Shemaghan, Sr. 

Shemaghan, Jr. 
Burrows Lake (ThorncliRe, Ont.)— Will Bur 

rows. 
Clinton (B, C) — J, W, Pearson. 
Lay Mills (Ont.)— William Harris, Jr. 
Desbarats (Ont.)— George Linklater. 

Sam McClellan. 

Cariboo Jack McLeod, 

Rydal Bank 

John Reid. 
Desbarats (Ont.)— Richardson. 

Shultleworth. 

H. Sptirway, Portlock 

P. 0. 

Field, (B. C.)— J. H. Martin and William 

Oak, 
Fredericton, (N, B.)— Adam Moore, 
Glassville, (N. B,)— M, McKenzie, 
Garden River (Ont.)— D. M. Roberts. 

R. B. Prust. 
Golden, (B, O— H. G, Low, 

H. B. Richardson. 
Laggan (B. C.)-R. E. Campbell. 



Maniwaki, 



(Que.)— Jocko McDougall, 
Dan Sweeney, 
Mattawa, (Ont.)— Bernard Bastien, Ig- 
nace Bastien, Joseph Bastien, Paul 
Bernard, Matt, Bernard, Peter Brown, 
Francis Chevrier, jr,, Joseph Clement, 
George Crawford, Ant. Colton, Alex. 
Dorion, Frank Dupius, Sam Dicaire, 
Sam Dubois, John Dubois, Willikm Du- 
fault, Joseph England, Joseph Ferris, 
John Ferris, Walter Ferris, Frank 
Green. John Green, John Jacko, W. C. 
Lehenp, Andrew Landon, Joseph La- 
vigne, Joseph Leclaire, Frank Leclaire, 
Frank Lamoureaux, Fred Lamourcaux, 
Loon Montreuil, Frank McCracken, 
Archie Millar, Louis Muskey, William 
McKenzie, William Moore, Sandy 

Moore, Joseph Moore. Joseph Parent, 
Benjamin Parent, Thomas Pierre, Bap- 
tiste Paquette, David Populace, Steve 
Rider, Hyacinthe Simon, Xavier Sim- 
on, Joseph Tenasco, Jacko Tickinonse, 
Sam Tongue, John Tongue, Thomas 
Turner, Sandy Turner, Joseph Turner. 
Perth. (N. B.)— George E. .Armstrong. 
Thessalon, Ont.-^John J. Huston, The Des- 
barats-Mississagua route 
a specialty. 
Timagami, (Ont.)— Friday tfie Indian, 

Bear Jsland. 
WharnclifJe, (Ont.)— Robert Foster. 



• Wlion wriliii-' luivcrtisi-rs kimlly mcution ItOD .VXD Gl X IN C.\\.\D.\. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



133 




No Sportman's Outfit Complete 
Without One. 



3000 FLASHES 



COMPLETE LINE OF ELECTRICAL NOVELTIES. 
MANUFACTURERS OF ORV BATTERIES FOR 
EVERY PURPOSE. 

♦♦♦ 

EMPIRE STATE DRY BATTERY CO. 

70-76 FULTON STREET, 
NEW '.YORK. 



TERRY e> CO., 



Yacht Brokers 



General Eastern Agents for the 
Lamb Marine Engines — from i 
to 60 H. P. Canoes, Row Boats, 
Launches, Sail Yachts of all 
sizes. Complete Line Lauch 
and Yacht Fittings. Every- 
thing for Boat or Engine. 

TRY OUR ENGINE OIL. 

AGENTS WANTED 
FOR CANADA... 



—STORES AT— 

223 Jefferson Avenue, DETROIT. 
92 Chambers Street, NEW YORK. 



Pflueger's Fishing Tackle 



Hooks, Flies, Trolls, 
Spinners, Phantoms, 
Reels, Furnished Lines, 
Everything In Fishing 

Tackle :•: :-: :-: 




Notice. - 
Dealer 
Goods, 
prepaid, 



Free to any 
in Sporting 
sent express 
155-page ill- 



ustrated Catalogue 
No. F23, Metal Fish 
Sign and Window 
Transparency in 8- 
color Lithograph. 



THE ENTERPRISE MANUFACTURING CO., 

AKRON. OHIO. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA. 



'34 



i^ 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

The Original 

CORDINQ^ 



^> 



(}. C. CORDING 6 CO.. Limited. ) 

Established 1839. 




Tor 

Fishing 

Shooting 

Sporting 

and 

General Use 

LEATHER-LINED 

Fishing Boots 




REQUIRE NO DRESSING. 



RELIABLE 



Waterproof 



SPECIALTIES. 



19 PICCADILLY, 



COKNEK OF 

AiK St., \V. 



HR.\NCH 

35 St. James St.,W. 



LONDON, ENG. 



•When writing advertisi'rs kindly menrlon ROD AND GIN IN CAN.\DA.' 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 
EST/JBLISMEb 1800 



135 



Fishina 
Tackle 




We are now in our new ware-house at 
the old stand. Our stock is all new and 
larger than ever, with all the latest nov- 
elties of the season to tempt the finny 
tribe. 




Our Fishing Tackle Department is un- 
equalled on this continent for variety, 
qualit}- and value. 



The 



Allcock, Laight 

& Westwood 
60., Limited, 




All sizes and shapes to rent for all 

purposes. Family camping 

a specialty. 



Awnings 

Made to order for stores, dwellings 
and boats. Samples and esti- 
mates furnished on 
application. 



Flags, Sails, 
Guns, Ammunition, 

fishing lackle. 

Waterproof Goods, 

Yacht Hardware, 

Hammocks, 

etc., etc. 

SE.VD FOR CATALOGUES. 



THE 



D. PIKE CO., 

Limited. 

123-125 King St. E., TORONIO, ONT. 

Canadian Agents for the Lefever Gun. 



78 BAT 5T., TORONTO, 

/INb REbblTQH, EN<4L/lNb. 

•■When n-ritint; advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CAN'.-VDA.'". 



136 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 







1'^ ^ • , 



<-:?P 



HANDY TO CAKRV, 



THERE IS NO ARTICLE OF 
FOOD OR DRINK 

So indespensible to the conifort'of 
every Camper, F i s h'e r m a n'for 
Hunter as coffee : but it must 
be good coffee. 

6'e(// Brand ( 'ojj'ee is 
ihe best that i/ioucr 
can Ijuy 

Packed in i and 2 lb. 
cans onl}'. 

AT AI.I. DE.\LERS. 



Chase & Sanborn 



montri:ai.. 



WALTER DEAN 

M.-^mifncturer of 

Fastest and .Highest Grade Only CRUISING. SAILING. PROSPECTORS. RACING 
» j and -WAR CANOES 



The 

Dean 

Canoe 

Still 

Leads 




Ri-^UNALli ItLOMKIKLD. irhuiH>t»ii>r AimT<*n.> 

Write for Catalocu© 
Long Distance Phone. WALTER DEAN. 1761 Queen W.. Toronto 



•When writini; advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GTX IN CANADA. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



'37 



Camp Temaaami 




A SUMMER CAMP FOR BOYS. 



What more 

delightful than 

a vacation 

spent 

swimming, 

fishing, 

camping and 't£ ^ 

exploring 

in the 

Temagami 

Forest 

Reserve 




14 Salmon Trout Caught in 2 1-2 Hours at 
Camp Temagami. 



A Camp Temagami Salmon 
Trout. 



For Booklet and all particulars of Camp Temagami apply to 

MR. A. L. COCHRANE, Deer Park, Ont. 




w. w. 

Greener's 

Established 1829. 

GUNSsRIFLES 

Have been acknowledged 
the best for shooting pow- 
ers and reliability in ever}' 
country for over 25 Years. 

SPECIAL GUNS FOR 

CANADIAN SPORT 

W. W. Greener's Guns and 
Rifles are entirely British 
Made in his own factory. 

SUPPLIED THROUGH ALL 
DEALERS Ok DIRECT FROM 

W. W. GREENER, 

St. Mary's Sauare. BIRMINGHAM 

Ffice IJsts Free. 



■When wriiint; adicrtisors kimll.v mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA.' 



138 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



roR 

Cbea|3 



One share in the Caledon Moun 
tain Trout Club. 

Assessment Paid. 

Address. PUBLISHER 

Kod and Gun in Canada. 

Woodstock. Oni. 



The Best Flies 

ON THE n/lRKET 

Are those manufactured hv 

JOJEPH E. PEPPER 

ROME, N Y. 

They are endorsed by leading .American 
and Canadian anglers. 

TROUT SIZE, NO. 6 HOOK, 85 CENTS PER CARD 
BASS SIZE, NO- I HOOK, SI 00 PER CARD 




Sentl me your order. \'( 
regret it. 



will ne\er 



■gTEHDEo f rji- 4:~rj':j «troiDEp 



Highest Award. St. Louis World's Fair. 

Adopted by governments of U. S., Canada 
and England. We supplied every U. S. Alas- 
kan boundary Survey, last ten years, including 
expedition of summer IQ04. Testimonialsfrom 
fifty high otificials. Naval Commanders, .\rmy 
Officers, etc. Fifteen models to select from. 
CATALOGUE FREE. 

Acme rolding Boat Co. 

Miamisburjs. Ohio, U. S A. 



BITEI\IOMORE HECPS Off MOSQUITOES 

.-Mid all other insecis 

It forms a coating on the 
skin, throuijh which NO 
INSIXr IAN POSS- 
IBLY BITE. 

It is a lotion, easily 
applied, stops the itching 
of biles already inflicted, 
neutralizes the poison. 
, ^ dries in a minute so that 

the user need nut gum up rods, tackle, etc., but 
can be easily washed off 

It will ii.it stain nor hijlin- llic rloMilini. t« hencflrlHl tii tli.- 
skill, mlol |il>-aMinl. iiml llin-.- or r.iJr uiiiilU-atlons will lii»l 

V'lmr'.uiii.- vrtw .iiiitlli ■an. liiiiiily l.i •arry anil ll<u>. 
nrl.'i- vi .-.■nts. ir vi.ur .n-.iliT will iMit »il|ilJly y.ni. w,' will 
„.n.l U.V.M |...ti.:M.l ..n nv.li.l ..I |irl.-.- in stamps 




Address : FRANKLIN HAWLEY & CO 



Austin Sliti 



< "hicago. 



SPORTSMEN 



TRY NEW 
BRUNSWICK 



If vou want a Moose or Caribou. Plenty of .Moose 
and Caribou within three miles of railroad. Also have 
goodhunting grounds twoand three days route from r.iil- 
road Ask for particulars and references If 1 cannot 
satisfy you do not come. I). D. VVKIGH r, Arthur- 
ette. Victoria County. N. B- 



Head Ofiice. Wateilao. Out. 



Has 



Holds 



Over $40 000,000 Insurance in Force 
Paid Over $6,000,000 to Policyholders 
Assets of over $8,000,000 in Solid Se- 
curities 



In Reserve $7 36S 172 insurplus. 
Company s Standard, $772,072. 
87, 

in Surplus, Government Stan- 
dard, $1,049. 400. 



During 1904 the rate of interest on in- 
vestments was increased to 5.09 per cent.: 
the expense rate was reduced nearly one 
per cent.: and the death losses were S51,- 
404 less than in 1903. Profits earned 
were $254, 103.60, being 14.73 per cent, 
of total income, as compared with 12.66 
per cent in 1903. 

Kverj' safe and popular style of policy 
issued, and every reasonable guarantee 
of valuable and attractive options given. 

.\ sound Canadian Company — like 
Canadian Scenery and Canadian Sport, 
unequalled in any land — doing a pros- 
perous Canadian business along scientific 
and popular lines. F'ullest investigation 
of its merits invited. 



RoiiKKT Mei.vin, 
President. 



W. H. RiDDELI., 

Secretary-. 



Geo. Wegexast, Manager. 



When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD .\NP GVX IN C'.VN.\D.\. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



139 



MOOSE HUNTING 

For the best moose hunting in New 
Brunswick, come to Armstrong's Camps, 
situated in the wildest parts of the 
province on the head \vaters of the 
Tobique, Nepisiguit, and Miramichi 
rivers. 

For information applj- to 

Geo. E. Armstpong, 

Pertli, X.B.. Can. 



SPECIAL 
ANNOUNCEMENT 

An invitation is extended to anv white merchant 
outside of New York City, or their representative, 
whose name appears in Bradstreet > or Dunns 
Commercial Agency Hook, to accept the hospitahty of 
our Hotel for three days without charge. T^sual rates, 
apartment with private bath $3.00 per day and up. 
without meals. Parlor. Bedroom and private l>ath 
S35.00 per week and up. with meals for two. New 
York Merchants and Editors are requested to call the 
attentioi^ of their Out-of-Town Buyers and subscribers 
to this advertisement. 

GALLATIN HOTEL, 

70 W. 46th St.. New York City 

THE THREE BEADS 





all on the rifle at one time make the 

KINO PATENT TRIPLE BEAD SIGHT 

the best front sight on the mar- 
ket — ivory, black, and gold 
beads, can be adjusted instantly 
to suit any light or background. 
Price Si. 50 postpaid. Send for 
circular. 

D. W. KING. JR. 

P o. Box 399. Denver. Colo 



QiDp [er 



en)agan)i. 



The staff and boys of Camp Teiua- 
gaiui — of which a notice appears in j^ 
our advertising columns — are busiU ^^ 
planning all kinds of improvements ^ 
and adriitions to the headquarters^ 
camp at I^ake Tema garni, tor the ad-4> 
vent of the railway will make many ^ 
things easy that were impossible be-^ 
fftre. Xaunally the railway is not ♦ 
regarded as an unmixed blessing by ♦ 
those who have looked upon the ♦ 
■•Algonguin Paradise" as something^ 
of a private preserve of their own. ♦ 
hut if the fish-hog is sufficiently dis- ■♦ 
couraired Temagami should never** 
become as depleted as older resorts — J 
lor the lake is merely the centre of ^ 
thousands of square miles of beauti- 
ful country equally well stocked with 
fish and game. The camp boys 
give some wonderful stories of the 
fishing at Temagami and in proof it 
may be added that the majority of 
the illustrations showing fi.sh con- 
tained in the G. T. R. Temagami 
folder were taken at Camp Tema- 
gami To the credit of the bovs 
be it said — no fish were wasted. al- 
though it was often found n«e.ssai->- 
to limit the number caught. So 

far as the facilities of the camn 
will permit — accommodation. with 
use of camp equipment, etc.. will be 
found for fathers of the boys or 
other adult fiiends of the camp. 

Those desiring particulars are re- 
ferred to Mr. Cochrane of Upper 
Canada College. Toronto. 



THE A. B. PAT. TROLL IS A WONMR 



Ami is sooil fiir all «aim' fish, vou do not have tu »lei»f mi on otliprs for 
bait, you are always ivady. Sample, av.. three lor $1. no. prepanl. 
.\.!iy Troll niaile to order. 
HARTUNG BKOS.. SoK' Slfra., 85 Reservoir Ave., Jersey City. >'..I. 

Messrs. WATT A Si^'iKE-S. -Mi Dalhousie St.. Brantfonl. Out.. 

r:inatli;tu IH-trilmt-TS 




•SIMPLEX" REEL 

L'. S. Patent July ^, 1904. 



MEEH REELS 

For all Fishing from Trout to Tuna 
'TtlF'wORLD^FTTAisOARD'FoR'QUAUTYr 

Send for complete Catalogue H 

B. F. MEEK & SONS, Inc., 

Louisville, Ky. 

Sole Manufacturers of Genuine Meek and Blue Grass 
Kentucky Reels. BEWARE OF IMITATIONS. 



When wrltins advertisers kindly mention ROI> AND CUN IN C.A.N.\D.\. " 



I40 



ROD AND GCX IX CAXADA 

THE DEADLY MOSQUITO. 



■It is sufficient to >ay protection from Mosquito Bites affords complete Immunity in ague in all Its 
forms. . . . Yellow fever, like Ague, bas been sbown to be communicated only by a Mosquito."— 

Timef, 30lh .'Nt-ptembcr. i<>04. 

Ag.iiiisl llii< ifr.u/ly instil Science lias jI l.isl pr.i-.iil,-J « , ;.■//* ,; trore, live ,.■;•- '// //; the .'h.it^ of 

ANTIKITO CREAM (Reg.) 

This wonderful preparation— which is most deUghtfully refreshing to use — is the outcome 
of long laboratory research. During the last five years it has been thoroughly tested in all parts 
of the world. By its use the fatal mo5i|uito, as well as flies, gnats and all flying insects, are set 
at defiance. It is absolutely infallible as a preventive, and is guaranteed to be free from carbolic 
and other deleterious ingredients. It is neither sticky nor greasy. an-l one application to the expos- 
ed parts affords protection for hours. Invaluable for hospital use, and should be in the kit of all 
expeditions. It islietter than Quinine 



ANTIKITO CREAM ie manufactured under expert supervision in the Syndicate's own laboratory, and 
is put up In two sizes, retalllni; at $l.2S and 60c. respectively Obtainable at all druggists. Proprietors 

ANTIKITO SYNDICATE, LTD., 

6 Great Portland Street, LONDON. 

SOLE CANADIAN AGENTS : EVANS and SONS. LTD . MONTREAL 



N. B — .\ most interesting and instructive booklet entitl.d— •THK MOStjLITO ANU POMF.THlNti .ABOUT 
HIM," will be sent free to anyone applying for it. 





Adams ' U. P. Miiriii, Kiiiiiite 



Eighteen foot Fatnity Lei^nch^ ■»' H.P. Kngine. $S7i>iMt 

Wc- conhnc ovirscUes strictlv lo the manufacture of a Reliable, 
Seaworthy. Comfortable ivpe of family launch in which 
Thorough Construction, Absolute Reliability, Excel- 
lence of Finish and Safety are the primary features. I n placing 
an order willi us you can rest assured that our lacilities are such 
that we can give you belter value than any other manufacturer. 



A'/f SC'A'E AND SEXP FOK OCA' CA TA/OGCK. 

The Adams Launch and Engine M'f g. Co., 

PKNl- r.ANG. ONT.ARIO, r.ANAli.V. 
■When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD .\NT) GIN IN C.\NAD.\.' 



ROD AND GUN /N CANADA 



141 



•THE KENT" 
Double Spinner Bass Baits 

For both Bass and Pickerel, either casting or 
trollin)». (iuaranteed toj^ive satislaction. 

Manufactured exclusively by 

SAMUEL H. FRIEND, 

Successor to V. A. Pardee & Co., 
Kent, Ohio. 

Sent poslftaid upon receipt of 6oi. 



IKNOT, WHV NOT? 



CONSULT 



Paton's 

For Boat \"aknisi*, Boa i Paint, \"ar- 
NisH Remover, Coppe-r Paint, 
15RUSHES, Sandpaper, etc 

18ADELAIDEST.\A^. 

Toronto. 




BEST REEL MADT by anyone at any price 

"*-*^ ' »»1-I_*- ITI^AUL. 4MuLTrPLlER— WEIGHT4 OZ. 

HIGHEST A. W A. R I). WOKLD S FA. IK, ST. LOUIS 

Winner in rournanient. Event 7, .\fternoon. February 25. 1905. 

.SPOKTSMAX'SSHOW, MADISON SyUARE GARDEN, N.Y. 

Quarter-ounce, Bait Casting for both distance and accuracy. In Bait Casting, spool 

alone revolves. ONLY Protected Handle MULTIPIJKK Hv Reel made. 



I Every Reel Adapted to both Bait and Fly Casting, '""i; 

PR 11 1l $.0 00 RED/FOR ROD & REEL CO. 



I ?:iii r«-fl H« it is 
i-,eTii r.','l. 



WARREN . O. 



NOTHING so RARE AS RESTING ON AIR 

PNEUMATIC MATTRESSES AND CUSHIONS 




NO. 1 I .\.M1' .M.\ W Ki,^^ .'. 1 Ui . ;,.i.-^.. . .......ii u..;.. 

AN IDEAL BED for the camper, prospector or yachtsman. Does not absorb moisture. A refreshing 
night s rest on a luxurious bed, wherever night overtakes you. 

"The Curse 0/ Camping is Rhevmalics; the Oure for Uheumaties is Pneumatics.' 

SINGLE and DOL'BLE CANOE, OR BOAT < 'USHIONS, FISHING. SHOOTING and AUTOMO- 
BILE COATS and CAPES. SPORTS. MEN'SCUSHIONS, CAMP BLANKETS- 

If'ritr for Ilhistralcd Price List nf Mattresses, eti: 




Everything 
In Rubber. 



The Ontario Rubber Co., 

TORONTO, CANADA. 



JOLIET SPINNER BAIT 




Minufactored by GEORGE BRUTON 6 CO.. lolict. 111.. U.S.A. 



The ]olict Spin net But. 
Made of aluminum, handsome- 
h- mounted; swivel at l)othends, 
revolves in the water, and when 
in action is a perfect imitation 
of a minnow. The Latest Bait. 

PRICE, 25 CENTS. 



■When writinc; advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN l.\ CA.NAOA. 



14: 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Marine Gasoline 



Engines and 
Launches 

WIC Mauufaciure 2 Cycle Mar- 
ine engines from 2 to 6 Horse t'owfr. 
They are simple, reliable and durable" 

WE Manufacture a 4 Cycle Aut- 
omobile Marine Engine from 4 
Horse Power to 50 Horse Power. 
The engine is of the opposed cylinder /' 
type and reduces vibration to a min- 
imum. When installed it can be 
covered over entirely and the covering / 
furnishes a cross-seat in the launch. 
The engine is self lubricating. The 
regulations of the spt-ed boih by the 
time of the spark and by the carbure- \ 
tors as well as the reversing of the 
engine can be operated from the bow ( 
of the boat. The whole operation of \ 
the engine is same as that of an auto- 
mobile. 

WE build launches, all sizes. 
constructed after the latent torpedo 
stern. Models fitted with thi' highest 
grade equipment. Write us for spec- 
ification? and illustrated catalogue to 




Cut 0/ our ^ Ci/cle Ettatnv ' to '■ II. P, 



T0R0NT© GHS & GflS©LINE 

Engine 

eo. 

Limited 

TORONTO 
JUNCTION 

Launch works. 
Lake & York Sts., 
TORONTO. 



IT: ii/so m,inufiutur( stiilioH- 
Moilcl of our /.aiiiuhts ,jry engints forms. 

When wiiiiiii; a>iveiU3.-is kindly lui-nuon UOD AND Gl'N IN CANADA." 




ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



143 



NEW 



PUBLICATIONS 



ISSUED BY THE 



INTERCOLONIAL RAILWAY OF CANADA 




INTERCOLONIAL 

"THE TRAIL OF THE MICMACS" 

Briefly telling of some Indian, historic lore of 
the North Shore of New Brunswick, [and also of 
its present sporting possibilities. 



Write 



General Passenger Dept. 



MONCTON. N. B. 



KOR KREE COPIES 



INTERCOLONIAL 

"FISHING AND HUNTING" 

Descriptive of the Fishing and Hunting Re- 
sorts leached by the Intercolonial Railway. 

INTERCOLONIAL 

"TOIRS TO SIMMER HAUNTS" 



An illustrated Booklet describing the places 
of most interest to the summer visitor. 



INTERCOLONIAL 

Time Table of Canada's Famous Train 

"THE MARITIME EXPRESS" 

with descriptive notes. 



INTERCOLONIAL 

"SALMON FISHING" 

A Treatise on the art of P'ly Fishing by 
an expert angler. 



INTERCOLONIAL 



FOR 



"A WEEK IN THE CANAAN WOODS" 

An illustrated folder interesting to hunters 
of big game. 



INTERCOLONIAL 

"MOOSE OF THE MIRAMICHI" 



True stories of big game hunting in the 
forests of northern New Brunswick. 



INTERCOLONIAL 

"FOREST STREAM AND SEASHORE" 



A book worthy of a place in any library. 
A full and graphic description of the 
country traversed by the Intercolonial and 
Prince Edward Island Railways, with histor- 
ical incidents and legends. Handsomely ill- 
ustrated. 



"When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD AND GUN IX CANADA.' 



144 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Detroit & P^ackinac (Railway 

LAKK HURON SHORE LINE 



THE POPULAR ROUTE TO MACKINAC ISLAiND 



Brook Trout — I'lobably no section in Aim-rica equals Uic cuuimy adjaefiu lo and traversed l»y the Detroit & 
Mackinic 1-i iilw.iy for the niunl)er oi its trout streams and excellent trout fishing; its inland lakes are full of bass. 
Visit Tawas Beach. A deliglufil anil charming summer resort amonfi the pines on lawas Hay. Lake Huron. 

Trains run to the beach. Excellent and comfortable ». lub 
House (hotel) with orchestra, bowling alley, billiards, dancing 
pavihon. etc. Furnished cottages with electric lights, running 
water, row ln^ais. etc . for rent An ideal spot to gel close to 
nature and spend an inexpensive vacation andouiing. f*ishing, 
hunting, canoeing, boating, bathing beach, swimming rafts, 
fine large dock and shelters, park, shadv walks, beach promen- 
ade, swings, picnic grounds, baseball diamond. Lake Solitude 
IS only live miiiuirs walk from ( Uib House. Good air. good 
water, wholesome food — tish a s|jeciali\. 

.■\ popular route via Cheboygan to Mackinac Island, 
Mackinaw t.ity. Si. Ignace. Point aux Pins (Bois Blanclsland), 
LesCherieaux Islands, Sauit Sf Marie, the Northern Resorts, 
and loall points in and via the upper Pennmsula of Michigan. 
The Detroit and Mackinac Railway takes you to Au Sable 
iy / •. "wpr ,1 -, **4^ I' (Oscoda), Alpena. (I-ong and Grand Lakes), Aloha, (Mullet 

<rh vV - ^ '4Lfe^:?*=^^'^^-^N Lake) Onawav (Black Lake). 

^. r^>^.,,' i »>... w-t •'<1-^- *" Annual Regatta of Tawas Beach Yachting Association will 

1h- h-'ld Augu-i M. lo. II. 12. Xearlv all liiter-Lake 
^^l'. In ("I'lbs will panicipate. 




J. D. HAWKS. 

PRESIDENT AND GENERAL MANAQER- 
OETROIT, MtCH. 



T. G. WINNETTr 

GENERAL FREIGHT AND PASSENGER AQENT. 

ear city. mioh. 



W. G. MacEDWARD, 

DISTRICT PASSENGER AND FREIGHT AGEMT 
BAY CITr, MtCH. 



The "Waterproof 
MATCH BOX 




An absolute necessit}^ for sports- 
men. It should be in the hands of 
every outdoor man be he Camper. 
Hunter, Canoeist, Yachtsman or Lum- 
berman. If your dealer does not sell 
them, send fifty cents (50c.) for one to— 

S. S. BLAISDELL, 
130 Orange Street, Providence, R. I. 

Canadian orders filled by \V. J. Taylor, 
Woodstock, Ont. 



The D. of C. T. S. and (>. P. Assn. 

5tb Annual 
Tournament 

AT OTTAWA 

pLug. 16, 17, 18, '05 

$500.00 In Cash over and 
above the purses 

STERLING SILVER CUP By His ExceUency. 
Earl Grey 

$200 HOLLIS GUN Donated by Isaac Hollls & 
Son London Eng 

$80 PARKER GUN Donated V Parker Bros., 
Meriden, Conn. 

$75 LEFEVER GUN Donated by Lefever Arms 
Co . Syracuse NY. 

$76 STERLING SILVER CUP -Donated by 
Kynocb Ltd . Blrmingliani. Eng 

Association Team Tropbles. Mail. Eight Man, 
Individual Championsblp, Individual Handicap, and 
Brewers and Maltsters Cups. 

If your club has not affiliated, remember 
affiliations must be in before June 15th 



•When writing advertisera kindly meniion ROD AND GUN IN CANADA. '1 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



•45 




^•iifet;;^v:.fc^- 



-It ,J* 



1 



THIS CUT ILLUSTRATES 



©NE ©F ©UR STRIP eHN©ES 



PRESENTED TO THE^PRINCESS OF WALES ON THE OCCASION OK HER WEDDIN<; TO H. R. H. 

Dlke of York. 



THE lat that time) 



This is, undoubtedly, the highest grade canoe constructed. Only the most skilled mechanics and special ma- 
chinery provided for the purpose, can be employed in the manufacture of the strips for sheathing. 

WE GIVE THE VERY BEST VALUE FOR MONEY OBTAINABLE WE GUARANTEE THAT EVERY BOAT OR 
CANOE SENT OUT FROM OUR FACTORY REPRESENTS THE VERY BEST MATERIAL AND FAITHFUL. SKILL- 
ED WORKMANSHIP On these conditions we solicit YOUR order 

The Lakefield Canoe Building- and Manufacturing- Co , Limited. 

(Successors to Strickland & Co, and Thomas Gordon i LAKEFIELD. ONTARIO. 

Thos. GORDON, President. JOHX E. Richardson Manager. Geo. B. Milliard, Secretary. 

WRITE FOR CA TALOGUE A\D \rE\TION ■ROD ASD GUN IX CANADA." 



WAYNE HOTEL 

AND PAVILION 



(.American and European Plans.) 
Only first-class hotel in city over- 
looking the Detroit river :: 
European Plan, sr to $3. 
American Plan, $2.50 to $4.50. 

JAMES R. HAYES, Proprietor. 

DETROIT. - MICHIGAN. 

FOR THE SEASIDE, FOR PICKNICING, FOR 
g CAMPING OUT, FOR TRAVELLING, 
FOR STAYING HOME. 

Lyman s Fluid Coffee 

The Great Convenience and ^'^ 
Luxury of the Day. 

NO COFFEK POT REQUIRED. 

Rich and Full Flavored, Wholesome, Stimulalmg. 
Economical, no cheap substitute of peas, wheat or bar- 
ley, but Genuine Mocha and Old Government Java. 

For sale by Grocers and Drug^gists in lb., !2lb. and 
5^1b. bottles at 75c.. 45c. and 25c. 



Thousand Island House 

St. Lawrence River, Alexandria Bay, N. Y- 
O. G. STAPLES, Proprietor. 

A most attractive summer home in the 
midst of America's Venice — the famous 
Thousand Islands. Write for terms. 




We make for 



Bait Casting 
and Trolling 



.A weedless hook with unbreakable spring that can be 
3et at any tension desired. The bending strain is wholly 
on spiral springs, and they are weed deflectors and fish 
takers. We make a minnow-holding tandem, open 
hooks or weedless. that will hold a minnow for hours 
continuous casting. Several fish can be taken with one 
bait. Our frog-holding derices are equally practical. 

We will send any of our hooks with privelegeto return 
and get your money if you are not satisfied. Circulars 
upon application. Discount to the trade. 

THE WEST WEEDLESS HOOK CO.. 

12 Pearl St. COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA. 



'When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA. 



146 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



^***-'« 



^*#-'»*A*#*#«*A******#*****A*^********#» 



A) 
4; 
I 



Premium List 

W'e are anxious to add a few more thousand subscriljcrs to 
our list before August ist, and in order to make it an in- 
ducement for our readers to help us in the work, we offer 
some valuable premiums. Go through the list and see if 
there is anything that appeals to you. 

We will gladly furnish sample copies for canvassing pur- 
poses and if the names and addresses of probable subscribers 
are sent to us we will send sample copies direct to their 
addresses. 



OFFER XO. 1. 

Send us One new suljbciibor and we 
will Send vou vour choice oi 
A PIOXKKll GIN CLKAXKK, 
A PERFKCT OrX CLEAXER. 
A HOOK SHIELD, 
A LIOHTXIXO FISH SCALER. 

OFFER XO. 2. 

Send us Three new subscribers and 
we will send you a box of 25 VAN 
lUiRXK t'JCAliS, nianuiaciured by 
Harris, Harkness & Co., ilonireal. 

OFFER XO. 3. 

Send us Four new subscribers and 
we we will send vou A BRISTOL 
STEEL FISHINU ROD, with polish- 
ed maple handle, manufactured by 
HORTOX MfiT. Co., Bristol. Conn. 
Vou are invited to senu' to the llor- 
lon MfK. Co. for their latest cata- 
logiie describing their \aj-ious Cele- 
brated Bristol Fis'hing Rods. If you 
lind described ,nn'' special one that 
you would like to own, please ad- 
vise and we wdW advise number of 
subscribors necessary to secu'i-e in 
order to obtain the desired rod. 

OFFER XO. 4. 

Send us Five new subscrilw.-rs' and 
we will send vou a box of 5t> of Uie 
celebrated VAX IIORXE CIGARS, 
manufactured Iv Harris, Harkness & 
Co., ilonireal. 

OFFER XO. 5. 

Send us Six new subsiribers and 
we will send vou A CLHE ILLUM- 
IX.VTED CI,6CK. manufactured bv 
the Electric Contract Co., Xew 
York, valued tit S4..50. 



OFFER XO. 6. 

SeJid us Xine new subscribers and 
wo will send \ ou A SI'LK.NDIIi 
JEWEL BE.VRIXO ITSHiNC 

REEL, manufactured by A. W. Bis- 
hop & Son. Racine, Wis., with Pat- 
ient Independent Windinp Device at- 
taclied, valued at S^b. 

OFFER XO. 7. 

Send us Eleven new subscnb^^rs 
and we will send vou a KOD.-Mv DK- 
VEUiPlXG MACHIXE. valued at 
•SS.OO. E\ery kodaker should own 
one. Write to the Canadian Kodak 
Co., Toronto, for particulars of mis 
machine. 

OFFER XO. 8. 

Send us Fifteen new subscribers 
XET, manufactured bv G. S. Hud- 
and we will send you A GUX CABI- 
son & Son, Ellisburn'. X. V. Listed 
at S12. 

OFFER XO. y. 

Send us Twenty new subscribers 
and we will send vou A 4x5 CE.N- 
TURV C.VMERA. inanufactured l>y 
Century Camera Co., Rochester, X. 
V. Jlodol 21. Including a Double 
I'late Holder and Sole Leather 
Carrying Case. Listed at SIC. 

OFFER XO. lO. 

Send us Fifty new subscriber and 
we will send you A B.\SSWOOD 
C.VXOK. with two paddles, vaJued 
at S:m>. lA'ntrth of Canoe, 16 feet, 
inanufactured by The William En- 
:::lish Canoe Company, of Peterbor- 
ouprh. Ont. 



Address - 



» 



t 






♦ 
-> 

I 

% 



♦ W. J. Taylor, Publisher Rod and Gun in Canada. 

♦ W^oodstocR, Ont. 



3i» izji» c=ii» cz\w cgi* _ lDi» en* mi» in=ii». _ cm* az3i» cui* iii=ii» tzjim in=ii» (nii» n=ii» t3i»i 




!ava< 




SAVAGE RIFLE 



Ih.u s why it is so easy to sight accurately and to slioot 
straight. There's no himmer in the way. Just a clear, un- 
obstructed yiew from eye to tip of barrel. 

Strange that device was neyer thought of before ? W'el 
was simply left to SAVAGE originality to discover. And that is 
only one of the many ways in which SAVAGE ideas lead. 
"Xo Savaf/r baist iroirht (tart- lo /ritfe 
Jl'itk a man rcho shoots a S(ivtfi/r Rifie " 



Little Savage 22-caliber (takes thre.- <i« , . 
lengths of bullet) Hammerles Repeat- SL I A 
ing Rifle »P • "t. 



And don't forget the Savage ' 'Junior 
22-caUl)er Single-shot Rifle 



$5. 



HttHiisome Siii'agf Indian Watdi Fob ie/it un rect-tpt o^ /jC. 

■ Hillf Si iiillstf-tltit s all w iji ilic : .., wlii-ii i ~.^[r, f. lllll.'s. til.' Savise is ilitr.,rent. Try vour .l.-iil.T ; 

tiv.iay Inr -Mtalo^-ui-. 



SAVAGE ARMS CO., 54 turner st. utica, n. v., u. s. a- 

^ ^ «ia «ic=i) «ia <ic=ii «iiizi «ia micrs ig <ia «ia <iczii <iai «ia <ia <iai «c3 





n 

« 

n 



®H1^ 




JPUHE _ 







Underwear 

From Tropical Gauze to Arctic Weights 
Sweater* and fancy »birt» 

For Golf, Fishing, Shooting, (S:c. 

TRAVELLING and CAMPING RUGS, 
SLEEPING BAGS. CAPS. &c. 



Send lor Illustrated Catalogue, No. i, and Dr. jaeger's book on 
Health Culture, free. 



PURE WOOL,. 

i GUARANTEED 
AGAINJT- • • 
SHRINKAGE. 



Company, 



Dr. Jaeger's Slr;„' System "SZ 

2206 ST. CATHERINE ST., MONTREAL. 

Winnipeg Dtpot, 286 Portage Avenue. 




T 



UK tonic ntiiHisplicre of llie woods and fields acts like magic on the tir>^d, overworked man. 
Get a STEVENS and shoot STKAKiHT at the object— be it target or game. Equipped 
with our make means bringing do« n tlie bird or beast and MAKING RECORD TARGET shots. 



RIFLES, 



Our Line : 

PISTOLS, 



SHOTGUNS. 



Ask ViUM! IIKALKK AM' INSIST I'S THK STKVKNS. 
THKBK ARK No sriiSTITlTtUS. 


^ 

^ 


Sfiitl r.ir Uopii;?- cjitjiluirm- ilfwnliinjr tin- t-ntlr.' Stkv- 
KNs Urn: Vr»T\iw\\ flliistnit*><l :iii.l iuiitaliiii vnluiiblt- 
l»i>liits oil ShiM.tliiiT. Aiiiiimiiiilon. I'miwr f«n- of KIKK- 
- ARMS. .•!.-.. .-t.-.. 



STEVENS ARMS 4. TOOL CO. 

365 MAIN STREET. 

CHICOPEE FALLS MASS., U.S.A. 



Prinlfd hi Thf St-ntinel/ic'ifw frr'^. l\',i>^(iltnit, Ontario. 



Single Copies, lOc. 



JULY. 1905 $1.00 a year 




"W. J. Taylor, Publisher, 'WoodstocK, Ont. 



'WmCfi^STBK 





.33 CALIBER RIFLES 

The Winchester Model 1886 .33 Caliber is 
the highest-powered rifle made in take-down 
style. It is popular \vith big-game hunters 
on account of the take-down feature and 
hard-hitting qualities of the cartridge. The 
latter is loaded with smokeless powder and 
a 200-grain. soft point, metal patched bullet, 
which has special mushrooming qualities, 
owing to its size and high velocity. It is a 
particularly desirable rifle for hunting big 
game generally shot at fairly long range. 

WincheiUr Quns and Ammunition Arc Sold Kotr^T^here 

WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO. 
NEW HAVEN, CONN. 




SPORTSMEN 



AGREE 



TV,..t fi>r in>«riito .Ml. I 111- litc^. -ir,T.- 1. 1 ii'TSi-iTing fcct, 

PrIrkiT lleiit. rhnllnB iin* ^'nnhiirn. ii<-ilV' 
»a(ri-uati 11 MK^AKX'" lliirnl.-d Talruni TOl. 

i.RT I'OWDKB. ■■•■•• 111" -■" k-'t "lit unt.njl. tor 

Gerhard Mennen Co.. Newark, N. J. 



TROPniEd 

For Curling, Shooting, Hockey 
and every branch of Sport. 




WRITE for SKErCHES. 
A s well as a full Jewelry 



Carried at prices 15 per cent. 

lower thati the regular 

shops. 



Line 



Ja&. D. Baileij, 



Jewelry Parlors 

76 Yonge St 

Toronto. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Canadian Pacific Railway 



147 




Algonquin, 
Chateau Frontenac, 
Place Viger, 
Banff Springs, 
Lake Louise Chalet, 



St. Andrews, N. B., 
Quebec, P. Q., 
Montreal, P. Q., 
Banff, N. W. T., 
Laggan, N. W. T., 



from $3.50 upwards 
" 4.00 
" 3-50 " 
" 3-50 
" 3-00 



For further particulars as to any of these hotels, applj- to the respective 
managers or to any of the company's agents. 
Robert Kerr, Passenger Traffic Manager, Montreal 

"When writing advertisc-rs kindly mention ROD AND GUX IX CAXADA." 



148 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 





fci#IM 



^S iicu \v: 1 1 .it^ uvj 



Mil K MAM. 1 A. 11 Kl K> \'i THK 

hollow Collapsible Pneumatic 

DtCOY DUCKS and GEESE. 

Our liecoys fully COLLAPSE idon I contuse with those 
that onlv PAR i'lALLY collapse) vvgt. only 4 oz. each. 
niariewithout use of WOOD or WIRE. The most LIFE- 
LIKE and CON\'ENTI.Nr decoy made, one may be 
folded and put in vest pocket Write for circular. 
C.\Nv.AS nirrov r<i . I'nion Citv. Tenn . V.S.A. 

i.tion HOD AND GTN IX CANADA. •' 



ertisers kindly 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



149 



<3 .^^ <jk, <:k- <*-<*-<*- -^^fc- <^ **-**-**- ^*- ^^*- <*- O 



^ 



^ 



^ ONCE MORE \ 



^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
4 
^ 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
^ 






At the Pennsylvania State Shoot. Milt. 
Lindsley Trophy for two-men teems 
won by L. , B. Fleming and Ed. 
Hickey. 

.Allentown Rod and Gun Club won four- 
man team Championship. 

A. Heil, first and W. H. Millin. second 
in Denny Trophy. 

ALL HANDS SHOOT 
DuPO.NT SMOKELESS. 



The Herron Hill Handicap and Indi- 
vidual State Champions at Pigeons 
were also won bv 



DuPONT 
Smokeless 



P o Yog Load 
Your Own Shells ? 

It" you're particular about what you 
want, you probably do. 

You'll be intere.sted in Shot then — 
want it UNIFORM, ROUND and TRUE 
TO SIZE. 

'M. R. M. SHOT' 

Will satisfy even a thorough 'crank". 
Try it next time. 

ASK FOR 



TRADE 




MARK 



The 
MONTREAL ROLLING ^ILL8 

Com|)any. 



Established 

OVKR 

100 Years. 




lustraied Cata- 
log ue. Post 
Free. 



J. BERNARD & SON. 

45 Jcrmyn Street, St. James' 

LONDON. ENO. 



LET'S GET ACQUAINTED! 



IF YOU WILL TRY 



"JAPANESE" 

BRAND 

WRITING INKS MUCILAGE. 

CARBON PAPER TVPEV\RITER RIBBONS 

PRODUCTS. OF THE HIGHEST 

MODERN SKILL A.VD EXPERIENCF 

You will never use any other 

They're Perfect 

MADE IN CANADA 



The COLONIAL INK CO., Limited 

PETERBOROUGH. CANADA. 



"When willing advertisers kindly mention KOD ANLi CUX IX C.\N.\D.\. 



I50 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 
Small Profits Quick Sales. 



Trout 
Flies 




for trial — send us 



Ir Koran assorted sample dozen n i-. ■ n< 
be. Kegular price. 24 «nu. QUalltyA FlieS 



Quality B Flies 



n#l i-'or an assorted sample dozen 
uUCi Kegular price, 60 cents. 

/»l»«. For an assorted sample d07en n ■• n ri- 

60c. Kegnlar price, 84 cents. QUallty CFIlBS 

ft r Tor an assorted dozen n p ■ ■ 

boC. Regular price, 84 cents. baSS HieS 



SPLIT BAMBOO RODS 



Kly Rods 

10 feet. 6 ounces 



bO CSntS 9 feet. Bounces 

With cork sirip and extra lip. in wood form. 

THE H. H. KIFFE CO., 

523 Broadway, New York City. 

Catalogues of any of the above goods free on application. 



MAPS 



OK THE 

Muskoka Lakes, and the 
Northern Lakes of Ontario 

Containing the latest publisheil information of these 
districlis. 

♦♦♦ 

The map of the Muckoka Lakes ib a veritable direc- 
tory of the Lakes, and includes alisl of Cottages, Hotels. 
Telegraph and Express Offices — With the distances be- 
tween important points. Price, paper 75c. , cloth, $1.25. 

The Map of the Northern Lakes of Ontario embraces 
the district bounded by French River and Lake Nipis- 
sinR on the north, Lake Simcoe and the Kawartha 
Lakes on the south, (Jeorgian Bay on the west, and the 
Ottawa River on the cast. J I is a guide to several canoe 
trips, including the Moon River from Muskoka Lake to 
Georgian Bay, and the Severn River from Lake Simcoe 

Georgian Bay. Price, paper. 75c. ; cloth. $1.25. 

♦♦♦ 

For Sale by all Booksellers and by 

AAi/^Uio /C C r\ Oroctrs and Dialers in 
/Tlltnie (X K^yj.y Campers' Supplies. . 

7 KING STREET WEST. Toronto, Ont. 




G L O V ER'S 

IMPERIAL 



DOG REMEDIES. 

1 he result of twentytive years' experience 
in the treatment of 

SICK DOGS. 



FOR SALE BY DRUGGISTS AND DEALERS IN 
SPORTING GOODS IN CANADA. 

FREE BOOK ON 

DOG DISEASES AND HOW TO PEED 

Un apphc.ilion to 

H. CLAY GLOVER, VS., I27«. Broadway, New York 

i;. s. A.. 



CLEAR VIEW 

Acetylene Search Light 

f»r .Small Yachts, Launches and 
rii-asure Hoats of all kinds. Generates 
Its own gas. I'rojecis a powerful light- 
Entirelv automatic. Indispensible for 
night boating: making landings: de. 
tectmg olistruciions; locating buoys 
and penetrating fog &c. 

WriU for Catalogue. 

AMERICAN ACETYLENE STOVE CO.. 

502 Masonic Temple. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. 




"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AKD GUX IN CANADA.' 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



'5' 



;^ ir i? ♦'i' H-' ♦ »!(? i? 'if:' H^ ir ♦ 'i"i'"!(r 4:^ H-"t' 54 






■^ 
* 
* 
* 
* 
^ 




THE 



* 



"Van 
Home 



n 






'-.SS\^. 



-aLttJ] 



Is acknowledged 
b\- connoisseurs to 
be the highest 
grade loc. cigar in 
Canada. 



— 4 

HARRIS, * 
HARKNESS&CO., 

MAKERS. MONTREAL. 



4 

^ j^ ^ i^l* 4^ i^ i|Sk *^|Nk i|^ *^jf* i|i *:|sfc 4^ iffc *^|^ ^1^ «^{^ i|i i|4 ^ 



3gSBsS8efel£ieStieie5^»feiB^eisiS.s>2i?igi?; 



I 




Figgegssigggsfefeggggssa 



"DOMINION*' 
Ammunition 

A Little Good Advice : 

Use Ammunition made in Canada. The imported costs 
more because of the duty, and is no better. Encourage 
your own industries. 



Dominion Cartridge Co., Limited 

Manufacturers, MONTREAL 

SOLD BY ALL RELIABLE DEALERS 



^ 



'When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUX IN CANADA.' 



152 



RCD AND GUN IN CANADA 




Send for Catalogue. 



The 



William English Canoe Co., 

Peterborough, Ontario. 




Hofei Delleciaire 

Broadwag and 77ti] Street, 
New YorK. 

Seventh Avenae, 
Amslerdam Ave. 
andWest 150th St. 
Cars pass the 
door. 

Luxurious rooms 
for permanent 
and transient 
guests. 

Restaurant 

a Feature. 
Exquisite 

Palm Room. 
Art Nouveau 

Cafe. 
Royal 
riun^rian 
Orchestra. 

•Most Artistically Beau'iful Hotel in the 
World." Can offer few single rtjoms. with 
haih. beautifully furnished, suitable ior two 
people, $60 per month. 

TRANSIENT RATES: 

One Room, with bath $2.5operday 

Parlor, Bedroom, with bath, $3 and $5 per day 
Parlor, 2 Bedrooms, with biith , $5 and f 7 per d ay 

Every improvement known to modem in- 
genuity. 

Write for our magazine, "The Hotel Belle- 
claire World." 

MILTON ROBLEE, Proprietor. 




THE 

Toronto Silver Plate Co,, 

Designers and Manufacturers of warts in 
Stcrlini> Silver and Electro Silver Plate 




NO I3S3 
PEWTER LOVING CUP 

FACTORIES end SALESROOMS 

King Street. West. Toronto. Canada 

E G GOODERHAM Managing Director. 



■When writii.g a(iv,rtisors kindly mention ROD AND GIX IN C.\XADA.' 



ROD AND GUN /N CANADA 



153 




NUFACTURERS OF 






«/i* 



When a Sportsman 
buys a 

DIVINE ROD 

he knows he is getting good 
\alue for his nionev. We 
make rods for the most 
fastidious anglers of Can- 
ada and the United States 
and would Hke to have 
an order fron\ 

YOU 



Send for Catalogue to 

The FRED D. DIVINE 

Company 
76 State St., UTICA. N.Y. 




Manufacturers to H 
R. H The Prince of 



BY KUYAL APPUIN IMENT. 

Wales and His Majesty the King of Italy and patronized by the Leading 
Authorities in the Anglinj World. 

The Field "' )':■ 



vi-i t.i !•.■ U-Tiit'Xien that it is to Messrs. Haniy. of .-Unwick. we owe the sup- 
.lu-v.-d :is ro.i ranker*. Tltey Imveleft aHeoniii^titors liopiilte^isly behind. " 




The World's renowned Rod and Tackle Makers were awarded the ""Grand Prix" 
International Sports Exhibition Crystal Palace. 100^, making a grand total of 3Q International Awards. 

Extraordinary Success of Hardy's "PALAKONA" (Regd.) Cane Built Rods 

One Pirm Reats Grand Tournament. Crvstal Palace. "HARDY" 

^\. J. / •-»«-<i«.j jjQjjg won TEN championships against SEVEN by all the world. 

All OltlCrS. Hardy's "SILEX" Reel won SIX championships against 4 by all the world. 



lf«V. CATALOrirE FREE : 



^r ;tt'rfi ilhi<!ntri..iis .,f R...!- K.-.-k Flies, T:i.klp. B,i«kf-ts. V.n^. Pnoks. Ac. Fre*>. 



HARDY BROS.. ALNWICK. ENGLAND. 



Manufacturer a of Rods. Rfels, Lines 

dC'c, for all kinds of Fishing in 

all parts f^f the U'orUl. 



Want to go fishing ? 
Get a boat or something 
that floats from 

The PETERBOROUGH 
CANOE CO., Limited. 

And Get the Bfst. 





Want a Canoe, Skiff, 
Dinghy, Launch, &c.? 

Write 
PETERBOROUGH CANOE CO., Ltd. 

AND GET OUR CATALOGUE. 



When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUX IX CANADA.' 



154 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 







Music S~,S 

Comic Ojjera by the Camp Fire. 

Melody and Mirth in Your 
Den on Rainy Evenings. 

You will double tlie pleasure ol your vacation 
by taking a Phonograph with you. besides pro- 
viding yourself with endless amusement for the 
long winter to come. 

Tbe Happiest Holiday Makers last 
season were those that took FhODO- 
grapli Outfits with tbem. 

Not any Phonograph outht but the kind we have, which is the best the world produces — the Zon-o- 
phone. Victor, Echophone. Mat strophone, instruments that talk like the speaker, sing like the singer 
without any of that screeching,' cratching.' or scraping.' 

We have Outfits from $io to $50. -A splendid Instrument that will stand any amount of rough 
usage, almost impossible to get out of order, can be packed in very luilc space, quiet and smooth run- 
ning, guaranteed for hve years, will cost you ONLY $1S. 

RECORDS — We have the largest and choicest stock in Canada — Zon-o-phone, American atid V'ictor 
lines — hard flat discs, practically indistructible, not hurt by sun or rain. 1 hey are loud, clear, distinct 
and musical, can be heard a mile away and embrace songs of every description, duetts, quartettes, 
Sousa's and other fine bandj. Orchestral Selections, and all kinds of D.ince Music, Marches, 
Comic Opera Hits, Solos on every instrument. Minstrels, Funny Stories, jokes and Skits. You have 
only to close your eyes and the performers arc actually there before you. 

Don't U't your dealer persuade vou that he has something just as good for he has'nt. We are the 
exclusive Canadian .Agents for the best instruments maile in the United ."states and Europe. Our prices 
are as low and in many cases lower than you would be asked for inferior grades. 

We pack our Outfits specially so that you can take one with you wherever you go without the 
east trouble. 

Think of it ! You can have Sousa's Band of 60 men in your sail boat, the Sweetest Love Songs on 
beautiful moonlight nights, soul stirring Marches, touching Melodies. Caruso, the Celebrated tenor, 
and other noted singers. It would cost you a fortune to have these artists perform for you in person 
and yet you can have the best of their talent through one of our Phonogiaphs for a very small outlay and 

extend the payment over months if vou wi^h. 



If you want to have a merry time this summer 
don't fail to write us at once. 



Johnston 

\ rco. 



^ 
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O'*, -^.-«>-^-^-^>'^-*» 



Canada's Largest 
and Leading 
Phonograph 
Dealers, 

191 Yonge St. 
TORONTO 



^ 




•When writing advertisers kindly montioii HOD .\ N P Gl N IX C.WAD.'l." 



ROD AND GLW IN CANADA 155 

FOR FISHING, YACHTING OR HUNTING 





Wescuts are the ideal outer garments for all out-of- 
door Sports, but we make a special line as shown in 
cut for fishing or hunting, with four pockets and a 
neat collar that can be worn open or buttoned up to 
the throat, in qualities : 

782 .... All Colors $4.50 

1582 .... Light, Medium and Dark Grey .... 5.50 
1682 . . . -Light. Medium and Dark Heather. . 5.75 

Heavy Stockings to match, regular length.. 1.20 

extra length to hip 1.50 



WRITE FOR CATALOGUE 



THE KNIT-TO FIT MANUFACTURING CO. 

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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




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ROD Ai\'D GUN IN CANADA 



137 




ejects 



The pleasures of your Summer will be increased one hundrecl 
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or for long range shooting at geese or ducks. 

A .22 7P2ar/ui is a mighty handy thing to have in a duck 
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The TffioT^in .22 has a safety device which makes it a splendid gun 
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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



159 




Marble's 



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1st.- 



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upper sleeve, a turn of the low- 



• ill Kinm 



er sleeve locks the upper one 
and prevents it from being ac- 
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When the locking sleeve is 
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\'erses on celebrities from Adam down to President Roosevelt, by 
Capt. Harry Graham ("Col. D. Streamer"), late Aide-de-Camp to 
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The Case of Russia a Composite View. 

Bj- Alfred Rambaud, \'ladimirSimkovitch, J. Novicow, Peter Roberts, 
and Isaac A. Hourwich. A sj-mposium on the history, governments, 
peoples and prospects of the great empire. $1.25 net; postage lOc. 

Hester of the Grants bvtheodora peck, 

A Romance of Old Bennington 

A novel in a fresh field — the \'ermont of early days, when the State 
was a portion of the so-called Hampshire Grants. Frontispiece by 
Thomas Mitchell Pierce. $1.50 pospaid. 

The Fusser's Book (3d Edition) 

Rules and regulations for modern beaux and ladies' men. By Anna 
Archibald and Georgina Jones. Pictures by Florence Wj-man. 75c. 

Practical Track and Field Athletics '^ foHN^c'^^^AM' 



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I 62 



ROD AND (JUN IN CANADA 



The Dean Canoe 
Always Leads.... 

Below is an illustration of Reginald Blomfield (Champion 
of America) winner of 31 first prizes, season of 1904. Broke 
record by 10 seconds. Paddles a 

DEAN CANOE NO. 10 

Flips his canoe 2 2-5 seconds. He made fastest lime in a Dean Canoe 
ever made by one man. 




I make a specialty of fastest and highest jcjrade of 

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DON'T FORGET ^ *^^" furnish Sportmen's Parties with 
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Write for particulars and catalogue to 

WALTER DEAN 

LONG DISTANCE 'PHONE 1751 Queen St.. West.. TORONTO., ONT. 

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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 163 

Vo/. VII No. 2 

RODS- GUN in CANADA 

and Other Diversion, 

The contents of this magazine are copyrighted and must not be reprinted n'ithout permission. 



Contents for July, 1905. 

Timagami, a region organized by Nature for real Sp)ort. 

By Jas. W. Barry 165 

A Plea for the Amateur in Sport 168 

A Legend of the Xipigon by \Vm. McKirdy 170 

Proposed Special Legislation for Deer 171 

P'ishiiig near Rat Portage i j i 

The First White Woman Hunter of the Plains. By Marj- Markwell 172 

The P'ishing and Hunting Grounds of the Nipigon Lake and River 174 

Exploring \\'est of the Xipigon. A New Canoe Route 178 

Camping in Canada. By Chas. J. Campbell 181 

Fly Fishing for Black Bass. By Walter Greaves 1S5 

Salmo Fontinalis Ma.Kiuiani. A \'eracious account of Trout Catch- 
ing. Bj- Sid Howard 186 

Notes on the Fauna and Flora of the Selkirks. By Arthur O. 

Wlieeler 193 

Game Protection in Algoma. A Strong Indictment 198 

An Amateur's Vacation By Dr. A. W. Allingham 200 

The Biggest One 201 

Trout Fishing in a Quebec Lake. By Walter Greaves 202 

Trout Fishing at Stony Portage. By Hank 203 

The Voho Valley and How to See it. By Robert E. Campbell, 

Guide 204 

The Sportman's Dog. By Ed. F. Haberlein, author "The Ama- 
teur Trainer." 206 

Montreal Dog Show. By D. Taylor 208 

Among the Pointers. Bv ' Fancv." 212 

WITH THE CAMERA. ' Edited by J. Ernest Hounsom 

An Amateur's Enlarging .\pparatus. Bv A. E. Kaiser. .. . 214 

SPORTS AFLOAT. Louis Marais ' 221 

Our Medicine Bag 225 

The Trap 234 

Publisher's Department 250 



Issued yionthly. Yearly Subscriptions. $1.00 in adOance Single Copies, 10c. 

Communications on all topics pertaining to fishing, shooting, canoeing, yachting, automobiling. the 
kennel, amateur photography and trapshooting will be welcomed and published, if suitable All com- 
munications must be accompanied by the nameof the writer, not necessarily for publication, however. 

Rod .\nd Gun* in C.\vad.\ does not assume any responsibility for, or necrssarily endorse, any views 
e.vpre^sed by contributors to its columns 

W. J. Taylor, Publisher, Woodstock, Ont. 

BK.^NCH OFFICE BRANCH OFFICE BRANCH OFFICE 

lir Miiil l:uil,tm[;, Toronto. Out » Bouviere St. London. Fji^luntt. COS Craig St.. Muntn-al. Canada. 



164 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 







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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



165 











ROD AND GUN 

IN CANADA >^ ^» 


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^■^ 



VOL. VII. 



JLTLV, 1905. 



No. 2 



Timagami, a Region Organized by Nature for real Sport. 



Bv 1A~-. W. BARRV. Toronto. 



Celebrated men of past times are known 
to posterity through the medium of his- 
tory—the Timagami district in Northern 
Oatario is known to us to day by its cap- 
tivating loveliness, where one glorious 
scene replaces another, just as one idol of 
to day pushes the hero of yesterday out of 
our recollection ; where the civil-wars of 
the business mind cease, traversing to the 
song of the paddle its wild solitudes, re- 
splendant with the glorias of the Master 
Builder, alluring as its great prototype- 
Switzerland. 

Lake Timagami lying in the heart of 
the forest reserve district and embellished 
with more than a thousand islands clad by 
majestic firs that extend their sheets of 
Tivid green the year round, cheating win- 
ter of its weariness, is the Mecca for the 
angler, sportsman and canoeist. 

From Toronto the distance, about 300 
miles, may be reached by an excellent 
Grand Grunk train service. Leaving BuSa- 
lo in the evening at 6.50 and proceed- 
ing via Toronto, you arrive at Tim- 
agami via North Bay, next day at 1.25 p.m. 
after passing through the 'Highlands of 
Ontario' or the Muskoka district, which 
until the discovery of Timagami was con- 
sidered the acme of wild and genial soli- 
tudes. Not so now. Muskoka is partly 
shorn of its glory. Tourists once in Tim- 



agami, bid farewell to other resorts and 
court a new love, an affection that in- 
creases with the passing of time. 

Good canoes are very essential to the 
success of a trip, and by corresponding a- 
head of your reaching the district good 
canoes can be secured. 

Don't take a train-load of supplies with 
you, this is a fatal mistake usual to trans- 
pire with 'maiden efforts.' A good bush 
fare is bacon, oatmeal, bread and +ea, and 
for dessert a little honey. With fish, this 
is a beneficial change for the system and 
all one needs. I say this backed up by an 
experience gained after ten years of 
'roughing it.' 

On reaching Timagami station, 72 
miles north of North Bay on the Timis- 
kaming and Northern Ontario Railway, a 
steamboat service is in vogue, which car- 
ries one 18 miles down the northeast arm 
of Lake Timagami to Bear Island, the 
'storm centre' of attraction for the dis- 
trict. Here is situated a Hudson's Bay 
Co.'s *post, where canoes and Indian guides 
may 'be secured at reasonable cost. The 
Indian village, whose inhabitants number 
100, are a kind and hospitable community 
and much pleasure may be derived in 
studying their quaint customs. 

Mrs. Turner, "the mother of her peo- 
ple" and the best bread maker in the coun- 
try, is a Scotch half-breed. Her presence 



1 66 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



and weli-onie makes life sunnier, year by- 
year, upon visiting Bear Island. 

The Indian cemetery, where sleep the 
untamed ancestors of the present lords of 
the North, is well worth a visit, and of a 
Sabbath mornins, when the little chapel 
bell is sending forth its tuneful melody a- 
cross the quietness of forest and lake, 
calling together its little flock, it is 



Bass may be caught between 16th June 
to April 14th following year, and speckled 
trout from May 1st to September 11th. I 
would recommend Lady Evelyn lake for the 
lormer. Last year we made big catches 
and had all kinds of sport landing the 
gamey monsters after half-hour fights of 
the liveliest. 




THE PAGEANT OF THE SE.\SON — L.\DY EXKI.YN LAKE. 



pleasing to 'behold Chief White Bear, Mr. 
and Mrs. Cat and others of the tribe 
wending their way to the House of the 
Great Manitou. 

Excellent salmon trout fishing obtains 
in Timagami lake early in spring and dur- 
ing September and the beginning of Octo- 
ber ; deep copper lines being the best to 
use. One season the Petrant boys of Bear 
Island hooked a salmon trout weighing 
more than forty pounds. Sir William 
Mulock, Postmaster - General, visiting 
the district a year ago, was \-ery 
successful with the rod, all previous 
records for this ardent fisherman being 
broken. 



Lady Evelyn lake lifs about 22. miles 
north of Bear Island, or a nice day's pad- 
dle, with two short portages that do not 
entail the labors of Hercules in negotiat- 
ing. To my mind, Lady Evelyn is the 
'brightest scene of my theme, the exhila- 
rating accompaniment of fairy islands 
surpasses beyond description what the sub- 
tlest language endeavors to impart. To 
behold the prospect is to remind one of 
an old Arabian tale of a philosopher who 
was shut up in an enchanted library that 
opened only once a year, so nature in the 
true sense opsns only to those who visit 
Lady Evelyn lake. 

During August and September the 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



167 



neighboring woods are a glorious revel of 
the season's pageant, and overlooking all 
is Maple Mountain, 1200 feet in altitude 
that forever keeps watch over this inspir- 
ing panorama. 

Sucker Gut, a tributary to Lady Eve- 
lyn lake, is renowned for its excellent 
brook-trout fishing. Last August the boys 
of Upper Canada College Camp caught 
scores of them. Several tributaries of 
Lake Timagami are also noted for bass 
and brook-trout, so it is not absolutely 
necessary for parties to journey far from 
Bear Island to secure .fishing that will re- 
pay them ten-fold for efforts expended in 
reaching a district where realization sur- 
passes even anticipation. 

Like a great net-work of harp strings 
across the sounding board of the forest, 
the moose trails of Timagami harmonize. 
On these giant harp-strings huntsmen play 
the tunes to which the unwieldy moose 
dance when the season opens for a monfth 
each year 'on Octoifaer 15th. 

Here the sportsmen's hopes bloom, and 
joy bright-ens his woodland hours travers- 
ing forest by-paths, golden with nature's 
hues and autumn's rich content. 

At Bear Island capable Indians at a- 
bout $2.50 a day each, can be secured, In- 
dians that have made Timagami moose 
hunting famous, as their boast is that no 
'sport' leaves the district without his 
moose. 

One morning last September, while pad- 
dling down Lady Evelyn lake we surprised 
a herd of four moose, and in short order 
the forest quiet galvanized into the wild- 
est kind of animal life. Sandy Inlet, an 
arm of Timagami, about 15 'miles north of 
Bear Island, is another excellent section, 
but no mattej where the huntsman may 
journey, if a native accompanies him, he 
is sure of gaining his point — of securing a 
head — as none know the haunts of the 
moose better than the Children of the For- 
est themselves. 

This year with a good train service ob- 
taining, It will be an easy matter to land 
trophies of the 'chase home in good condi- 
tion. 

And, oh the jey of living, when at night 
with .the frosty kiss of autumn in the air, 
you bend over a fire and fry to a turn a 
rich juicy steak of your first moose, fol- 



lowed by a sociable pipe and anolther talk 
on just how you did it. 

Last fall we canoed down to Lake Nlp- 
issing from Lake Timagami via )the Tima- 
gami and Sturgeon Rivers, and a more 
delightful- route than the one we traversed, 
canncVt be imagined. 

If you consult a Timagami folder of the 
G.T.R., an excellent map subjoined shows 
you clearly a safe and enjoyable exit from 
the district by canoe. 

I have pretty thoroughly covered at 
various times during the past ten years 
the Timiskaming and Timagami regions, 
and I have long since concluded a canoe 
trip from Bear Island to Sturgeon Falls 
on Lake Nipissing, 29 miles west of North 
Bay, is the 'piece de resistence' of my ex- 
perience. 

River-work always entails considerable 
hard work and to the faint-hearted I say 
"Don't try." To the strenuous I say 
"Go ahead ! " and the labors of the day 
will more than repay you at nightfall. 
That satisfied feeling produced by the dil- 
igent dispensation of hard work will per- 
vade your system and vindicate the con- 
viction that you are a true woodsman. 

There are about 20 portages on the 
Timagami river that vary in length from 
50 yards to the longest, exactly two- 
thirds of a mile. 




A ROUGH I'OKTAGE — TIMAGAMI KIVHK. 

These, to many a tenderfoot seem aw- 
ful, but with one trip over a portage it is 
child's play to anyone not afraid of per- 



l6,S 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



.spiriiii;. The currcnl is down stri'ani 
througli regions of grand antiquity. Mere 
you lose yourself among the shades of 
former ages when the' forest patriarchs 
and the red-man dwelt in unraolestca se- 
curity. 

The trip down is one long drawn-out 
cadence of delight, and to crown all, the 
shooting of six-mile-rapids on about the 
third day from Bear Island, is quite over- 




SHOOTINC HKI.I. c;ATE K.M'IDS 
— MONTRKAI. KIVEK. 

powering and beyond the efforts of my 
humble pen to describe. These rapids, 
nothing more than swift water and abso- 
lutely safe to shoot, run through a serpen- 
tine section of the river, clad with the 
most verdant cedars mortal eye desires to 
behold. 



It takes an hour to run this water 
without paddling, and if you don't enjoy 
the experience why you won't enjoy the 
felicity of the next world either. 

These rapids., with a short portage, 
bring you into the Sturgeon River, which 
is also possessed of a swift current and 
strikingly pretty. 

Here and there on its banks are the 
homesteads of thrifty French-Canadian set- 
tlers who are gradually transforming the 
rude forest into a thriving agricultural dis- 
Uict. 

A day's paddle down the Sturgeon 
brings you to the town of Sturgeon Falls, 
where is located a paper-mill worth see- 
ing. Pulp logs go into a machine and 
without again being touched come out 
beautiful white paper. So >iiuch for the 
handiwork of the Diety which comes to 
pass through the agency of Man. 

A fleet of tugs, engaged in .fishing stur- 
geon in Lake Nipissing, is an interesting 
adjunct to the town. The tourist will be 
well repaid accompanying the tugs to see 
the sport of catching these huge freshwat- 
er leviathans. 

We ended our trip at Sturgeon Falls 
last year by shipping our canoes from this 
point, which I think is the more satisfac- 
tory way of ending a tour, w-hich cost us 
$37 each, including everything. 

To spend a vacation in the Timagami 
district is one you will thoroughly enjoy, 
a vacation that will forever delight your 
memory. 

This land of promise and fulfilment 
teems with wild solitudes which to the 
true lover of nature is a national music. 



■¥-*f>t 



A Pica for the Amateur in Sport. 



Comparatively few people realize the 
importance of Athletics, of the enormous 
sums of money expended on physical train- 
ing, and how far the tastes and state of 
civilization of nations are illustrated in 
tl'.eir recreations and sports. Onehas but 
to turn back the pages of history for ex- 
amples of this. While great strides in na- 
tion building were made by the ancient 
Romans, yet the accounts of their sports 



and contests alone, tell of how degraded 
were their tastes. Picture the thousands 
of men and women of all ■ ranks and sta- 
tions in life who gathered in that mam- 
moth Colosseum at Rome— a monument to- 
day, to their admiration for physical 
strength, to feel a thrill of excitement in 
witnessing sonic of 'he n.os; brntal con- 
tests between man and beast recorded in 
history. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



169 



Accounts of the bull fights held in 
Spain are familiar to us all, twt the pass- 
ing away of such forms of cruelty, have 
given to fhe word "Sport" la higher and 
better meaning. Today our sports are 
sometimes compared to a battle field, but 
although lamentable fatalities do occur, 
modern foot-ball, lacrosse, hockey and 
some of the less strenuous games, produce 
men equipped with physical endurance, 
quick perception, alertness, and self-con- 
trol, qualities which in later life are es- 
sential to those who would win success in 
larger and more useful fields. 

Plato called a man lame because he ex- 
ercised his mind while the body was allow- 
ed lo suffer, and to day his words are 
equally true. Our univexsities and schools 
are ever reaching out to broaden the possi- 
bilities for extending knowledge, and even 
these realize the necessity of physical 
training and have their gymnasia and 
cinder tracks in conjunction with their 
class room work. 

It is hardly necessary to draw the rea- 
der's attention to the important place 
physical culture holds in the work of the 
Y. M. C. A's. on this continent. In Aus- 
tralia and New Zealand where this work 
is but in its infancy, steps have already 
been taken to introduce physical training, 
where at present the religious, education- 
al and social branches cover the education- 
al scheme. 

While much may be said however, of 
the benefits to be derived from physical 
exercise in all its various forms, we must 
not overlook the fact, that a man may al- 
so be lame through over-exercising the 
body while the mind is allowed to suHer. 

Amateur sport should be primarily a 
moans to an end, the end, the better equip- 
ment for the broader and sterner work of 
life. Too many of our youth devote too 
much time and energy to the pursuit of 
sport. Most of our popular senior games 
have been developed to such a point, that 
one can participate only at a great risk 
of bodily injury and sacrifice of time. Un- 
fortunately this condition of things, in 
some of our sports, has been brought 
about through the bringing together of 
the amateur and professional classes, the 
division in some cases having almost 
reached the vanishing point, which places 



the strictly amateur teams at a disadvan- 
tage^. 

Men who .make a business of sport, and 
nho therefore are obliged to devote a 
large portion of their time to its pursuit, 
should not compete in amateur leagues 
and against men who enjoy sport only as 
a recreation. 

Let us stop a moment to think of how 
the merging of amateurism and profession- 
alism will end as regards the former class. 
Tn the first placpi, fewer and fewer ama- 
teurs will take an active part in the high- 
er series of our games, not being able to 
devote the required time to qualify, and 
secondly, the strenuousness of some of our 
sports will not only prove too great a 
strain but the consequent dangers of being 
seriously injured, will debar many of our 
finest young men from participation:in fact, 
some large corporations and business firms 
at the present time will not permit their 
employees to play some of our best games 
solely for this reason. 

Further, the best principles of sports- 
manship will finally succum'b, in some 
branches of athletics, unless an eSort is 
made to stem the ever increasing dangers 
of "graft" in its many channels. 

Let all true lovers of amateur sport 
unite to uphold the principles of Amateur- 
ism. Let our Atliletic Associations and 
Clubs be for the benefit of their members. 
When one goes to witness a match let the 
faces of 'his club's team at least be famil- 
iar. It is small credit to any club to play 
a team composed of men from all parts of 
the country, while its own long standing 
members have scarcely the opportunity of 
deriving any physical benefit from the 
game. 

Clubs and Athletic Associations are not 
organized as a sort of Stock Co., to offer 
diversion and entertainment for the pub- 
lic, but rather to provide exercise and re- 
creation for their members. 

Sport is necessary for all, therefore let 
us have it as free and as clean as possible, 
and show in sport some of the advance- 
ment this century can boast of in other 
fields. 

H. Billingsley Poliwka. 

(We are fully in sympathy with Mr. Pol- 
iwka's idea. We think that the strictest 



I/O 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



gua-iil shoulil be iDaintained against pro- should be admitted into tbe ranks of am- 
fessionalism. No one who does nothing ateurs, whatever his wealth or social po- 
else but train for and practise athletics sition may be,— Ed. R. & G.) 



A Legend of the Nipi^on. 



liv "VM. M( KIRDV. 



Much has been written about the Nip- 
igon by visitors facinatcd with its beau- 
ties and enthusiastic over their experien- 
ces. Despite it all however "the half has 
not been told." The lower portion of the 
river, that below the Canadian Pacific 
[{ailvvay bridge, although the least known, 
possesses some wonderful attractions of 
its own. 

'Entering the River from Nipigon Bay 
everyone is impressed with the size and 
beauty of the stream— it seems like a mag- 
nificent gateway to the North country. 
Mature appears to have designed it as 
such, with its perpendicular rocks rising 
hundreds of feet on both sides. Tbe river 
is here a mile wide, and its waters are of 
the clearest. Nipigon Bay is studded with 
islands, and the beauties of the scene are 
beyond any w'ord painting. In order to 
allow the Canadian Pacific main line to 
pass through to the West, a passage way 
was hewn out of the solid rock, and the 
line passes close to the water of the riv- 
er. Trees and vines find precarious root- 
holds in the crannies of these rocks, and 
their verdure affords a pleasant relief to 
the eyes of the observer. 

It is on these rocks that are found the 
picture writings of the Indians. The ori- 
gin of these pictures appear to be quite 
unknown to the Indians of the present 
da.v, and were probably done by difterent 
tribes. Apiiarently they WTre drawn with 
some red material, which appears to defy 
time itself. Judging from the numbers of 
these pictures, and from the presence of 
the red pipe stone (from which even to 
this day the Indians are adepts at carv- 
ing pipes) this must have been one of their 
principal gathering places. 

It is certain that here is the border 
land of Indian legend. Among the pictur- 
es are crude outlines of canoes with men 
in them; others emblematic and peruliaa" 
to the tribe originating them; still others 



are blurred and require a lively and pic- 
turesque imagination to see camp scenes 
with birch bark canoes, tepees, braves in 
their war feathers and paint, and the glow 
of the evening camp fire. There is one 
very clearly defined picture representing 
his Satanic majesty with the orthodox 
tail, horns, and. spear, and in the attitude 
of dancing. While this picture is rather 
suggestive of modern civilization, there 
is an Indian legend attaching to it. At 
Cross Rapids, thirty miles up the River, 
there is an underground passage, and the 
water finds its way down and through a 
cave at a lower point near the picture. 
According to the legend this subterran- 
ean passage was the haunt of evil spirits, 
and in these rocks there were large cham- 
bers, which formed their Council Cham- 
bers and banquet ting halls. In these caves 
at certain times strange noises were 
heard— voices now pilchfid high with reson- 
ant sounds, now low' almost to a murmur, 
md anon bursting forth again; and these 
filled the Indians with fear and awe. In 
their belief these were ominous sounds, 
and signified that some calamity was im- 
pending. 

The lower part of the River and Nipi- 
gon Bay, with its magnificent scenery and 
many beautiful islands, is comparatively 
little known. To those, however, who have 
taken this trip it stands out as amongst 
the most enjoyable experiences of their 
lives. The bays around the islands and 
the small streams contain the same brook 
trout that have made Nipigon so famous. 

The trip up the great lakes in the pal- 
atial Canadian Pacific steamers, and oth- 
er lines to Port Arthur is a well known 
»nd a popular outing. Small steamers 
ply to Nipigon Bay occasionally, or the 
Canadian Pacific transcontinental express 
lands you at Nipigon by a two hours' trip 
where canoes and guides can be secured if 
desired, to see it all. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



171 



Proposed Special Legislation for Deer. 



Mr. William Panton, publisher, of Mil- 
ton, Ont., writes: — 

■'You never say anything editorially 
about game laws applying to deer. Don't 
you think that new legislation is needed? 
I have hunted deer now for ;L8 years with- 
out missing a season, and have had to 
change my hunting grounds several tunes 
by reason of the deer being thinned out. 
In every accessible place this seems to 
be the case. Something should be done to 
abate the slaughter. There are those who 
propose that a close season of several 
years should be enforced. That however 
nould do little good, if after it was over 
the game laws remained as at present. I 
favour prohibition of the killing of does 
and fawns at all times. What do you 
think of such a proposition? Don't you 
think if this were carried out the results 
would be two-fold — an increase in the num- 
bers of the deer, and a decrease in the 
number of shooting accidents, owmg to 
hunters having to look for horns before 
shooting ? I am also in favor of prohibit- 
ing hounding, though dogs are always used 
by my party. Can't you do something to 
pducate hunters to spare our small deer — 
in a sentence, to 'be sportsmen rather than 
"butchers", whose only idea of sport is 
to kill anything they see in the shape of a 
deer, so as to make sure of their two deer 
apiece?" 

("Rod and Gun'' is not in favour of 
having a number of years of close season 
for deer. Judging from our many years 
of personal experience, the results of con- 
ferences with hundreds of hunters, and our 
editorial experience combined, we are of 
opinion that wholesale slaughtering is not 
done by sportsmen. It is the work of "but- 
chers" who kill for the .American market, 



and of lumbermen who employ Indian and 
other hunters to supply their camps with 
deer meat and fish quite regardless of the 
seasons, and of the fish and game protect- 
ive laws. Sportsmen are a source of con- 
siderable revenue to the country. They 
give a large amount of employment, and 
furnish a local market just where it is 
needed. As a rule 90 per cent of the 
sportsmen's money is distributed amongst 
the people, and only the remaining pro- 
portion -goes to the railways. The lumber- 
men on the other hand, generally make a 
great deal of money out of the resources 
Df the country, and until lately they have 
Dbtained their privileges too cheaply. The 
Government had a surplus last year out of 
the $2.1 license fee charged to sportsmen, 
and this ought to be spent in enforcing 
the laws. Certainly there should be a close 
season, if not an entire prohibition, 
against killing does and fawns. That go&s 
Rithout saying. We would even go so far 
as to inflict imprisonment as well as a 
fine, in case of offences against such a pro- 
vision when once it is made law. "Rod 
and Gun" does not believe in hunting deer 
with dogs at all. The open season for 
hunters might be increased if adequate pro- 
tection against dynamiters, "butchers" and 
lumbermen could be effectively enforced. 
That is where protection is needed, 
and if it were effectively given there 
would be no need to talk about close sea- 
sons. Mr. Panton need have no doubt 
about the views of "Rod and Gun" on the 
subject. If we have not specificially men- 
tioned deer, our general views have been 
too plainly expressed for there to be even 
a lingering doubt as to those we hold on 
the subject.— Ed. R. & G.) 



»^ 



Fishing Near Rat Portage 



Mr. W. Margach, of the Ontajio Crown 
Timber .A.gency. Rat Portage, (or Kenora, 
as it is in future to be known) writes to 
"Rod and Gun":— 

I am sorry to say there is no black 
bass or speckled trout in close proximity 



to Rat Portage. By going 45 miles by 
steamboat to Whitefish Bay, and over a 
few small lakes and portages, where there 
are good roads, there is fine bass fishing — 
in fact no better anywhere. The best evi- 
dence I can give of this fact is my own 



172 



ROD AND GUN fN CANADA 



personal experience. Accompanied by a 
friend (Mr. Duiisford, of Morden) a catch 
was made of 84 bass before nine o'clock. 
We caui^ht them with a troll. It was not 
altogether a question of sport that morn- 
ing; it was the bass we wanted. We were 
going home, and Mr. Dunsford was anx- 
ious to show whak; he had done. As there 
are always dou'hts about the truth of a 
lish story we thought the best thing to do 
was to take the fish as evidence. There is 
no question at all about being able to 
catch all you may require. We use a fly 
and rod for sport. The close season ends 
June 15th, and the fishing is good until 
August 15th. 

On a small lake much nearer to the 
Lake of the Woods I one day caught 
twelve trout, running from Iwo to live 
ll)s., inside of an hour. Unfortunately, 
however, the lake trout fishing does not 
last long, for whenever the water begins 
to get warm they go down deep, or as we 
say to a colder country. 

The time is not far distant, I am hap- 
py to say, when we will not have to go 
so far for game fishing. The Canadian 
Pacific Railway have stocked a numljer of 
lakes and rivers with Nipigon trout, and 
small mouthed bass from Eastern Ontar- 
io, all of which are doing well. 

When nut on mr rounds Ihe other day 



1 caught a maskinonge that was so large 
I could not take it home. It weighed -30 
lbs. and I left it at one of the camps. I 
was in a small canoe at the time, and had 
some amusement with it. In order to se- 
cure it, however, I thought it best to go 
ashote. This proved the wisest policy, as 
I had all my work cut out to land him 
even then. There are quite a number of 
these in our lake. Gen. Wilkinson, whom 
I met in my travels, informed me that he 
caught a lake trout weighing 25 lbs. with 
a light line and ordinar\- hook. The way 
in which he described the handling of that 
fish— knowing as he did the strength of the 
fish and the weakness of his line — ■would 
make 70U think he was describing one of 
bis camjiaigns in India, for gallant deeds 
in connection with which by the way he 
received the honor of knighthood. 

It should be an inducement to visitors 
to know that there are good appetites go- 
ing around in this part of the country, 
and if any are bilious, it is here they 
should come to be cured. It is nothing 
uncommon for us to have four meals a 
day, especially when we get up early be- 
fore the sun gets too bright. 

I have forgotten some good fish stor- 
ies, forgotten them not because they were 
not true, but because they were crowded 
out bv business affairs. 



■f-f-f 



Thc First White Woman Hunter of the Plains. 



The feat of Mrs. Martin Poinde.xter of 
Reading, Pa., in a New Brunswiick hunting 
trip last October, in securing a two thou- 
sand pound moose has reminded me 'of the 
subject of women as hunters; and Mrs. 
Poindexticr's luck brings to mind the name 
of a western lady whose prowess on the 
plains was at one time, in the early days, 
well known. I refer to the experience of 
Miss Margaret Liggett, now Mrs. Linde- 
burg of Touchwood Hills, Assa. Miss Lig- 
gett was a bright vivacious Irish girl 
frotn .Mtanarva, County Tyrone, and came 
I0 Canada in 18>7'6. She was the guest of 
her sister, Mrs. George Weldon, at Hum- 
boldt, N.W.T. In those days Humboldt 
was "a hundred miles from nowhere," and 
consisted of a = solitary house. One can 



scarcely imagine the amazement of a light 
hearted Irish girl, fresh from home and 
kin, set down in this wilderness of the 
West. .She found everything novel— the sil- 
ence of the plains, the absolute inertia of 
lirairie life, the long uneventful days, and 
the solemn stillness of the starry night- 
no companion.s-hip save that of her sister, 
her sister's husband, and "Birdie," the 
baby of the happy little prairie home. The 
sight of a traveller was unusual at Hum- 
lioldt, the annua, visit of the Telegraph 
Inspector ; a blanketed Indian Chief ; an 
occasional line of freight carts in the dis- 
tance ; and the arrival of the mail once 
in five months. Miss Liggett's interest in 
wild life was awakened. She saw her bro- 
ther - in - law bring down a partridge 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



'73 



or overtake a slinking fox, and each day 
she found that life itself depended upon 
the quick touch of the trigger, and quite 
as an amusement she learned to take aim, 
fire, and load again. Within a season she 
became an expert at target practice, and 
by her newly acquired skill she once saved 
her own life. It was her first "game." 

One fine afternoon, lured by the limpid 
light that fell athwart a prairie sky, she 
had wandered away further than she knew. 
Tripping through the bosky fields, un- 
fenced, unhedged, and far reaching, .she 
suddenly found herself confronted by a 
wolverine, one of the most vicious animals 
of the western prairies. Between the girl 
and safety an appalling distance yawned, 
and the glare of two hungry eyes eager- 
for-blood was before her. Down came the 
rifle from a careless shoulder, and up 
went the shining barrel, a quick Irish blue 
eye, all undaunted, looking along the 
"sight," while a firm white fingger touched 
the trigger. As the wolfish teeth snap- 
ped, the animal crouched to leap tor 
blood, but it was to receive the lead pel- 
let straight in the middle of its forehead. 
Then the woman overcame the huntress, 
and seeing the creature dead before her, 
the plucky girl turned and fled, pursued 
by the terrible thought of a life taken. 
Later on she learned to rejoice over suoh 
a splendid field prize. 

Miss Liggett's skill with the rifle was 
remarka)ble. She shot all kinds of wild 
game, and the Weldon table had every del- 
icacy known to the middle west. Trophies 
adorned the jwalls of the neat log house at 
Humboldt, and many beautiful and costly 
rugs were the proofs of her excellent 
marksmanship. 

When the Marquis of Lome, the then 



Governor-General, made his journey over- 
land in 1881 the London "Graphic" re- 
corded this note of his meeting with Mar- 
garet Liggett: — 

"We found two ladies in the bigger 
house, the wife and sister of the Govern- 
ment farmer — himself absent on duty. They 
both complained, not unnaturally, that 
Humboldt was "a little lonely". But she 
is a lively, pretty Irish girl who has a 
right to feel aggrieved that her good looks 
and fun are wasted on such desert air. For 
want of better sport she has ' taken to 
"gunning" — has a gun of her own and js a 
tapital shot, has even slain a wolverine. 
The sister, with a husband and children to 
look after, takes a less gloomy view of 
Humboldt life, and declares that the only 
thing she misses is church." 

Many a sojourner passing over the 
Humboldt trail, grass grown and scarce 
touched by traffic, will still remember the 
bright faced girl whose merry laugh bioke 
the dull days of long ago. The "crack" 
of a rifle when fired by her 'bespoke a good 
duck dinner too \ Who ' that has " gone 
north," mosquito harried and wind beat- 
en, has not gratefully remembered the 
open door of Weldon's home in the soli- 
tude of hemlock and poplar fastnesses ? 

All that has passed away, and Hum- 
loldt is now a "town" of pretensions. 
Pretty Margaret Liggett sits a glad-faced 
matron, no longer lonely, surrounded by 
her boys and girls today, but at the pret- 
ty Touchwood home there hangs on the 
Tvall a well worn rifle— the one that 
brought down many and many a game bird 
and field beast in the early days at Hum- 
boldt. 

MARY MARKWELL. 



-f^>- 



Last month "Rod and Gun" recommen- 
ded a mixture of pine tar, pennyioyal, and 
permanganate of potash as a good mos- 
quito protective. Being absent from town, 
and from our usual druggist's store, we 
went to another druggist who told us that 
the materials would not mix, and that 
permanganate would not dissolve in pine 



tar. We are going to inquire from our 
druggist and shall know how he did it, 
and ascertain whether or not we have 
been hoodooed in this matter. The perman- 
ganate of potash we know to be very val- 
uable when used alone and also with the 
mixture Miade for us. 



'74 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



The Fishing and Hunting Grounds of the 
Nipigon Lake and l^iver. 



Sipigon Station on the Canadian Pa- 
cific Railway is the point of departure 
for the Fishing Grounds of the Nipigon 
River and Lake. This point is 92C miles 
from Montreal, and 63 miles from Port 
Arthur and Fort William. Here is also the 
Kipigon Trading Post of the Hudson's Bay 
Co. The original post founded somewhere 
about 1786 was some 350 yards down the 
river. The present post is opposite the 



well filled. There are two tiny churches. 
Episcopal and Presbyterian and two miles 
up the Nipigon River is the Roman Cath- 
olic Mission and school. The population of 
Nipigon including the Mission is about 
200. Some two hundred American tour- 
ists, lovers of the sport of Isaac Walton, 
come yearly to capture the glistening 
beauties of this ideal trout stream, nor 
are they ever disappointed. Nipigon Riv- 




.VBOVK C.\:M1' \'KTtiKl.\, Nll'UiO.X K!\KK. 



Railway station and has a very neat 
store and liquor department, in charge of 
the obliging manager, Mr. Donald MacDon- 
ald. who has also the Post Oflice in the 
same building. The village tan boast ot 
two other well kept stores, Messrs. Hog- 
an and McCurdys, also an hotel, the "In- 
ternational." In the H. B. Co.'s store, 
all necessary Pishing, hunting and exploit- 
ing outfits can be obtained, guides, tents, 
blankets, canoes, etc., supplied. The stores 
of Messrs. Hogan and McCurdy are also 



er. the outlet of Nipigon Lake is some 40 
miles in length. From its outlet at the 
Lake it winds and doubles in many loops 
until its tossing foam crested waters at 
last come to rest in mighty Superior. The 
scenery along the river is very picturesque 
and beautiful, each bend disclosing some 
new feature of rustic beauty, rushing rap- 
id or leaping fall, a moving panorama of 
scenic effect, often approaching the sub- 
lime. Excellent camping grounds are to 
be found; and the portages or carrying 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



■75 



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176 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



places are well cut out. In short, the 
waters of Nipigon River afford the best 
speckled trout fishing to be found in On- 
tario and fully equal to anything in Am- 
erica. Its crystal ice cold waters, its 
rapids and falls and all those other con- 
ditions that go to make an ideal trout 
stream are there found, and the trout are 
there too— speckled beauties 4 to 8 lbs. 
\veight take fly and spoon bait freely. 

Nipigon Lake is a magnificent sheet of 
water, cold and clear. Its length is 65 
miles and average width '^4 miles. It is 
very deep throughout, except at the 
mouths of the numerous small rivers and 
streams that enter its waters. Islands 



Islands on the west shore about 50 miles 
from South Bay. At South Bay there are 
the buildings of the Canada Fish Co., 
their store and bdarding camps. This 
point is the end of the Winter Road from 
Nipigon Station and a busy place in win- 
ter season, supplies being moved both by 
horse sleighs and dog sleds to the North. 
There are some really remarkably pret- 
ty and dainty bits of scenery among the 
lake islands below and above the Falls and 
rapids on the picturesque Nipigon. Begin- 
ning at the head, we have first Virgin 
Falls where the river leaps in billowy 
foam and tosses its glistening spray over 
the evergreens on its banks, then down 




VIKC.IN" r.M.L.-^, NI1'U;(_).\. 



great and small dot the Lake and form 
ideal fishing and camping grounds. The 
shore line indented by numerous bold 
rocky points and deep bays alternate Tvith 
open gently sloping banks. Among the is- 
lands speckled trout afford e.^cellent sport 
and in the lake proper, trout ijom 5 to 60 
lbs. each are taken. 

There Is an Episcopal mission on south 
Bay of the Lake, and Nipigon post, the H. 
B. Co tradins; Post stand.'; sheltered by 



stream for 20 miles, rapids and falls al- 
ternate with whirling eddy and gently 
gliding river. It is hard to choose the 
prettiest, piece of scenery, but Cameron's 
rapids and falls. Split Rock Rapids and 
the land.scape from the I'anadian Pacific 
Haihva.v track looking toward Lake Su- 
perior are among the best. 

The hunting around the shores of Nip- 
igon Lake inland and along the river is 
very good. Moose, caribou and red deer, 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 









30' 







69 MtLCS 



£fAH£ SUJ^MHIOR sk 



4di5 



48* 






178 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



])innated grouse, common grouse, wild 
geese and duck are met with in the nays 
and on inland lakes. The numerous is- 
lands on Nipigon Lake and the pretty lake- 
lets, still waters and eddies on the rivea 
afford plenty of camping sites along their 
banks, which are well patronized by 
sportsmen. The 'best time to come and try 
the Nipigon waters would be about July 
15th and then one can fish and shoot un- 
til well on in November. 

It is almost impossible to do justice to 
ithe many varied features of landscape riv- 



er and lake, in and about the Nipigon 
Valley, especially the river scenery which 
is grand in the extreme. However, there 
is always the inevitable drawback inciden- 
tal to all sport on this continent, viz.: 
the tuneful mosquito and belligerent 
black fly. By choosing open ground, camps 
can be secured free from these pests. No 
true sportsman cares for a little discom- 
fort where glorious sport is obtainable, 
the useless complaining tenderfoot is not 
wanted on the waters of the Nipigon. 

C. E. P. 



^>^- 



Exploring West of the Nipigon. 

A New Canoe Route. 



In continuation of the work of explor- 
ing the Nipigon country and the west 
thereof (described in the May number of 
"Rod and Gun") Mr. A. \V. MacDonald, of 
Pembroke, undertook a further and later 
trip. This time he left the main line at 
Kiministikwia, 1019 miles west of Mon- 
treal, and went over a district that is 
quite wild and unexplored by wliite men. 
On this occasion Mr. MacDonald was again 
accompanied by Mr. James B. Cassidy, of 
Pembroke, and they had as assistants Tom 
Pierre and Frank Chevrior, of Mattawa. 
Mr. MacDonald completed his outfit in 
Montreal, leaving on that date for Pem- 
broke, Ont., where he made further prepa- 
rations for his journey into the wilds. The 
four men left Pembroke on April 3rd and 
went on to Fort William, \vhere by agree- 
ment they stayed over night. Next morn- 
ing 'by the local train they travelled to 
Kiministikwia, and found there was no 
hotel, stores, or any means of completing 
their outfits. There was, however, a board- 
ing house for local teamsters and lumber- 
men, and a meal w-as obtained at this 
house. By arrangements made on the spot 
Mr. MacDonald's three assistants went for- 
ward with a team belonging to Messrs. 
Close & Kelly to their lumber camp, and 
MacDonald himself returned to Fort Wil- 
liam for further necessaries, catching up 
to his men in the lumber camp on the fol- 



lowing night. Here a few things, of which 
they were short, were supplied by the 
owners of the Camp, and the next morn- 
ing they were sent forward by one of the 
Camp teams to within half a mile of Dog 
Lake. A log road had been cut out, and 
partly on land and partly on ice good 
progress was made. That night the party 
camped on Dog Lake, and the following 
day with their sleighs and toboggans 
started up the lake, penetrating the north 
east arm to the mouth of the North Riv- 
er. Here they camped for two days and 
then located Ellis Lake. They then moved 
to the head of that lake, where they camp- 
ed for two further days and forwarded 
their supplies. Ellis Lake is three miles 
long, and going right to the north end the 
party journeyed on to Arrow Lake where 
Ihey camped for a week. This time was 
spent in exploring and surveying, follow- 
ing the streams down until they intersect- 
ed with the work previously done by Mr. 
MacDonald west of the Black Sturgeon. 
Completing this work they went bacK by 
the same route until they struck the foot 
of Dog Lake. At this point the ice began 
to fail, and the party proceeded inland 
east to Current River, and north of Hawk 
Lake, going south west across the stream 
at the foot of Hawk Lake, and back to 
the portage of Dog Lake. From there a 
return was made down the river, partly by 



ROD AND GL'X IN CANADA 




1 » ■* 9 



I So 



ROD AND CUN IN CANADA 



land aiKl partly by water, the latter meth- 
od of progress being made possible by a 
canoe kindly lent to the party by Mr. 
Close. This finished the exploration trip, 
and the party reached Kiniinistkiwia Sta- 
tion on May X^-Wx. 

During the course of the exploring tour 
the party came across several encamp- 
ments of Indians. At the mouth of the 
Dog River they found nine Indian families 
living in their winter log houses. At the 
mouth of the North RiVer another family 
was encamped, and at the outlet of Arrow 
Lake and the foot of Dog Lake other In- 
dian families had made their homes. All 
these Indians were living by fishing and 
shooting, and to all appearance they were 
satisfied with their wild rough life. They 
showed no inclination to take a job of work 
even when one was placed in their way. 
Moose and caribou were seen by members 
of the party and fish could he procured at 
all times from the Indians, 

In the opinion of Mr. MacDonald there 
is the making of a fine tourist route in 
this country. The land is flat, and the 
creeks are fairly full of water, quite suf- 
ficient for a well laden canoe. The rapids 
are few,, the portages short and mostly 
cut through by the Indians, and the trips 
altogether are of rare variety and beauty. 
On the Kiministikwia River there is a fall 
of 80 feet in 800 feet, and of course these 
falls have to be portaged around. 

A first class canoe route could be made 
by going up the Kiministkwia to Dog Lake, 
with a carry of half a mile into the Stur- 
geon, paddling into Sturgeon Lake, return- 
ing to Calm Lake, and either going dow-n 
the Sturgeon River to Black Bay on Lake 



Superior, or turning up the River, and 
with a three mile portage from the head 
of Black Sturgeon Lake reach Black Stur- 
geon Bay on Lake Nipigon. On this three 
mile portage there are two unmarked 
lakes making the portages very short. 
Reaching Lake Nipigon the canoeist has 
the choice of turning south east by Shakes- 
peare Island to Mclntyre Bay, where «herc 
is an Indian mission ; Three Mountain f'-ay, 
or South Bay, or going further east and 
striking the outlet of the Lake, and going 
down the famous Nipigon River to Nipigon 
.Station. 

The district is as full as any part of 
Canada with waterways, lakes and streanis 
abounding on every side. Of exploration, 
except for timber there has practically 
been none, and the explorer has here a 
wonderful field for the exercise of his pow- 
ers. Enough was seen to show that fish 
and game are to be had in abundance, and 
the grand waterways afford means of ex- 
ploration, and of open air life not to 'be 
surpassed anywhere. Nothing less than a 
month should be given to a trip of this 
kind if the best enjoyment is to be had 
out of it, and any exploration work is to 
be done, but of course less ambitious pro- 
grammes can be carried out in' any period 
extending from a few days to weeks. If 
useful exploration work is to be accom- 
plished on any scale considerable time is 
of course necessary. At present the coun- 
trj- is to be found in all its natural beau- 
ty, being practically untouched. The waves 
of civilization are sweeping along west of 
Nipigon,- but so far have passed over 
without leaving anything more than a 
very few ripples behind. 



-f-f-*- 



Mr. George ^Morcher, Superintendent of 
the lish hatchery, at London, Ont., has 
expressed the opinion that fishermen pre- 
fer the small mouthed bass to the large 
mouthed bass because the small mouthed 
variety bite a good deal sooner than the 
larger one. He thinks there is very little, 
if any, difference in their gaminess, and has 
not succeeded in discovering why they will 
bite at one time and not at another. At 



the hatchery the large mouthed variety are 
wild, and a minute study of their habits 
is out of the question. The small mouthed 
ones are easily domesticat«l, and Mr. 
Morcher has had them come to the top of 
the water and take food from his hands. 
He has often fed them with crackers, 
w-hich will he thinks astonish many fisher- 
men who aie used to go after bass with 
Ifve bait. 



ROD AND GUX IN C AX AD A 



i8i 



Camping in Canada. 

Hv lHAKI.KS I. CAMPBKLL. 



Every year, as springtime melts into 
summer, the family council is held to solve 
the summer vacation problem, the princi- 
pal elements in the solution of which are 
personnel, purpose, place, and, last but by 
no means least, price. 

In our case there were mater and pater- 
familias and three boys, aged, respectively, 
seven, five and four years. As this vaca- 
tion was being planned for the special ben- 
efit of the three said boys we decided to 
get their views on the matter. 

With one accord they shouted "Cana- 
da ! We want to go to the place father 
told us about ; we want to live in a tent, 
and ride in a canoe, and catch trouts." 

And so it was decided that we should 
put in our canoes at Mattawa, about three 
hundred miles northwest of Montreal on 
the main line of the Canadian Pacific 
Railroad, and camp on some of the many 
lakes and streams within easy access of 
that old Hudson's Bay Post. 

A few weeks later our little party of 
five stood on the upper deck of the Hud- 
son River night boat and watched the re- 
ceding city until Grant's Tomb faded in 
the distance, then turned our faces toward 
the north-land and gave ourselves to the 
enjoyment of new scenes and thoughts of 
the life in prospect. The boys made us 
tell them about the tent and the bark 
canoe and all the other wonderful things 
in store for them. When, much later than 
usual, we finally tucked them away for 
the night, we thought the sand man would 
instantly claim them for his own, but some 
time later the little four year old pipe.d 
out, "Father, can I paddle sometimes ? " 
and still later: "Father, will the animals 
eat us ? " 

Upon our arrival at Mattawa we em- 
barked in what the boys (appropriately, if 
not correctly) called a "bust," and were 
jolted to the town hostelry, where we 
found awaiting us my old friend ZacK, a 
full-blooded Ojibway, who had been my 
companion on other forest trips. The boys 
were on the lookout for him, and took 
him to their hearts at once. They never 
voluntarily allowed him out of their sight 
until our final parting some weeks later. 



We took with us from home a ten by 
twelve special waterproof tent with a 
seven foot fly for the front. Everything 
else, except our wearing apparel, we pro- 
cured at a very moderate rental from 
Timmins & Brother, at Mattawa, wihose 
suggestions we found valuable both as to 
outfit and guides. 

In the way of clothing, we took I'or 
each of the boys one wool suit, one wash 
suit, two suits of wool underwear, iwo 
pair of wool stockings, one suit of wool 
pajamas with feet on them, a pair of rub- 
ber boots, leather shoes, and sneakers, a 
sweater, and a spring overcoat. They 
soon wore out their sneakers, and we k'o- 
placed them with leather moccasins which 
we procured at Mattawa. We found the 
rubber boots serviceable almost always in 
the morning ; and there were some morn- 
ings when the wool suit, sweater and over- 
coat were not uncomfortable to eat Dreak- 
fast in. We used the wash suits so little, 
that we shall not again take anything in- 
to that country except wool. 

After consulting with Timmins we con- 
cluded we should need more help than 
Zack alone could give us, and availed our- 
selves of the services of Joe Parent, a 
French-Canadian, who proved to be a cheer- 
ful worker and enthusiastic sportsman. 

I left the family at the hotel for the 
night and went with the guides and out- 
fit to look for a place, which had been 
recommended to us, about ten miles up 
the Mattawa River at its junction with 
the Amable du Fond, the headwaters of 
which latter stream are famous for their 
big trout. We found this to be an Ideal 
camping spot, and assumed sovereignty at 
once. Early the next morning, after leav- 
ing instructions with Zack as to further 
fixings about the camp, Joe and I return- 
ed for the caravan, and found them wait- 
fng, ready and eager to start at once. 

We set sail a'bout eleven o'clock in a flat 
bottom rowboat intended principally for 
the boys' use. It was recommended to us 
as safe, and, as of some horses, that was 
all that could be said for it. We christened 
it the Man-Killer. 

The wind and current and two portages 



I82 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



so delayed us that it was nearly dark 
when we rounded the bend in the ,river and 
saw our white tent standing invitingly a- 
mong some young pines on a little kiioll 
between the two streams. 

The smell of frying lish told us that 
Zack had found time during the day to try 
his luck, and we were soon seated around 
an improvised table, vigorously attacking 
our first supper, of bread and butter, lish, 
bacon, potatoes, and chocolate. Plain •food, 
do I hear you say ? It seemed a feast to 
us, and the charm of. that first meal unuer 
the pines in the great northern forest I am 
sure will never be forgotten by even the 
youngest camper of us all. 

Immediately after supper we laid down 
to sleep on an odorous bed of ceaar 
boughs ; and presently Zack was calling us 
to breakfast. 

Within an hour after our first break- 
fast we had fished our oldest boy out of 
the river, into which he had fallen in nis 
eagerness to begin his summer's sport. It 
was the only accident we had during the 
entire trip, and was not an unmixed evil, 
for it had the effect of making the boys 
more careful, and taught them better than 
a whole summer's cautioning the danger of 
the water. 

Afteir dinner Joe and I walked about 
three miles through the woods to the lit- 
tle farm of M. Champlain, a French-Cana- 
dian habitant, and arranged with him to 
supply us with fresh milk. He brought us 
from five to six quarts every jnorning. He 
gave us the milk but charged us fifty 
cents per day for the walk, which was 
well worth it. He also kept us supplied 
with fresh butter and bread and such vege- 
tables as he had in his garden, so that we 
had the advantage of 'being in the wilder- 
ness and at the same time not altogether 
dependent upon it for our food supply. 

The very first morning that our habi- 
tant came with the milk he said he had 
seen two deer not a quarter of a mile 
from our camp. The hoys wanted to go 
big game hunting at once. We bolted our 
breakfast hastily and started out, the 
I\Ia4am with her camera, and I with my 
rifle, the latter for defensive purposes 
only, understand ; we were not going to 
let any buck bite us. Notwithstanding re- 
peated warnings, the boys made enough 
noise to scare any deer within a mile. We 



naturally saw no game, but had a delight- 
ful ramble throui^ the woods; and to con- 
sole them for the missing animals the 
boys found a bountiful supply of lusciou:> 
blue-berries just waiting to get into a 
goo<i snug place out of the weather. 

There followed three weeks of unalloyed 
enjoyment. The boys went in swimming, 
and learned to row and paddle, although 
none of them reached the responsibility of 
the stern seat in the canoe They Dad 
never caught a fish before, but here tney 
raught black l)ass whenever they could get 
anyone to take them out, which was pret- 
ty often. And they picked blue-berries un- 
til we feared for their little tummies; and 
had a most g^mrogeous time generally, 
which they never will forget to their dy- 
ing day 

Just think of that free and glorious life 
as compared with three little boys, in nice, 
clean afternoon suits, behaving themselves 
decorously around some summer hotel ! 

Their first fishing trip was memorable. 
We rowed about one hundred yards up the 
river from camp to the foot of a rapid, 
and cast anchor among the rocks. We put 
on a fat minnow, and gave the four-year- 
old elaborate instructions as to casting his 
line and what to do when he got a bite. 
In went the minnow, and there was a 
short period of suspense while we waited. 
Then something happened. A very excited 
four-year-old boy was trying to hang on 
to the butt end of a fishing rod and a 
three pound bass was cutting up dloos 
down below. He did not confine himself 
to the regions below, either. He came up 
top to see what we looked like and give us 
a look at him. and turned a graceful sum- 
mersault the while. The boy still hung to 
his rod and I hung to the boy and told 
him he was a dead game sport and other- 
wise encouraged him. Finally, with a lit- 
tle help, the youngster yanked the bass in- 
to the boat, missing his mother's hea« in 
the operation by a very narrow margin, 
and a triple yell went up that would have 
done credit to a band of Indian braves. 
Joe and Zack came running down to the 
river bank to see if anything was wrong, 
and stayed to watch the show, as one boy 
after the other took his turn. That morn- 
ing's sport initiated them into the Ang- 
lers' Association, and made them, like 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



i8i 



their dad, tishing cranks for the balance of 
their days. 

One evening after supper Zack and I 
paddled up the river alone to see if we 
could get sight of a deer. Upon our re- 
turn we fou'iDd the Madam sitting in the 
liammock in front of the tent, with a rip- 
ping good bonfire at her back and the Colt 
automatic in her hand ready for business. 
She had heard a heavy creature of some 
kind moving around back of the tent, and 
several stones thrown in that direction 
had not driven it away, so she had re- 
])lenished the tire and awaited develop- 
ments. She had not fired a shot necause 
she did not want to frighten either the 
boys or us, and wanted to have the full 
eight chances in case she had a living 
mark. 

On investigation we found that our meat 
was gone, and concluded that her ladyship 
had entertained a bear in our absence. 
This coniClusion W(as confirmed upon our re- 
turn from a canoe trip up the river with 
the family the following evening. As we 
neared the camp Zack and I simultaneous- 
ly sighted a bear swimming across the 
river. "Paddle up, paddle up," cried Zack, 
and we paddled for dear life. Bruin, who 
had meanwhile discovered us, gave us one 
very scared look, and did likewise. We 
were within fifty feet of him as he scram- 
bled out and hiked off into the bush. He 
is probably running yet. Of course it so 
happened that we had neither camera nor 
gun with us at the time. 

During our stay at this camp a large 
drive of logs passed down the river. We 
never could quite determine whether the 
boys were more interested in the logs and 
lumber jacks, than the lumber jacks were 
in the three little city boys, camping in 
the wilderness. We were all invited to 
dinner with the lumbermen, and enjoyed 
it very much. Their cook made some 
sweet biscuits specially for Ihe boys, 
which they proceeded to put into their in- 
teriors with appreciative and gratifying 
enthusiasm. 

They were so full of life and spirits, 
and so restless, that it was sometimes dif- 
ficult to keep them sufficiently quiet in the 
Canoe to enable us to keep right side up 
with care. 1 recall one afternoon, partic- 
ularly, when they gave us several scares 
by unexpected quick movements, until Zack 



began to tell stories about boys who had 
been drowned by tipping out of canoes. 
These had a very quieting effect upon the 
youngsters for the time being, and made 
their parents wonder if, after all, tney 
were not a little reckless in bringing three 
boys out for such a trip as ours. As we 
look back upon our, experience, however, 
we feel that not only was no mistake 
made, but that we could not possibly have 
hit upon anything W'hich would have been 
more of a success in the way of health 
and happiness for them and for us. 

There were a number of rapids in the 
immediate vicinity of our camp which were 
really safer than they looked, for xne wat- 
er, while very rough and boisterous, was 
not deep. There was a mile of rapid wat- 
er on the Amable du Fond, ending at its 
junction with Mattawa at our front door. 
One afternoon Zack took the Madam and 
the two younger boys in the big birch 
canoe, and I took the oldest in the little 
canoe. This Jatter canoe was so short 
that it drew more water than the Ibig one, 
even with the lighter load. The Madam 
said she could take care of herself in case 
of a spill and Zack placed the two' chil- 
dren just in front of him and within his 
reach. He said, however, that there would 
not be a spill in his canoe, and further, 
that he guessed I had better let him go a- 
head and follow him pretty closely, which 
reflection upon my canoeing ability I wise- 
ly refrained from openly resenting. 

We put in the canoes a short distance 
above the rapids and in about two min- 
utes wea'e caught in the current, and rush- 
ed forward with something of the same 
sensation one experiences when sliding 
down a roller coaster, as ,it takes its first 
plunge. My boy sat on the bottom of the 
.canoe in front of me, slightly forward of 
the middle, and as we shot forward in the 
rapid current, he tightened his grip on the 
thwart and braced himself for what was 
coming. It was not necessary to caution 
him to sit still ; he sat as though he had 
been nailed to the canoe and was a part 
of it ; he looked neither back nor side- 
ways. We were moving rapidly on a 
smooth gliding current toward some wick- 
ed looking water, upon whose madly leap- 
ing waves the boy kept his eyes fastened 
as we drew nearer and nearer. They must 
have looked pretty wild and big to his 



i84 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



young eyes. I never shall forget how such 
waves looked to me the first time I faced 
them in a canoe. Presently we saw Zack's 
canoe plunge into the rough water and 
pas.s through in safely. A faint voice came 
floating back to ask "Will we get through 
all right, father ? " "Yes, my boy," said 
I ; and I just had time to think to my- 
self, "By golly, I've got to make good to 
that boy, or go out of the) canoe tousmess 
so far as he is concerned," when we were 
in it good aiwl hard. The canoe, being very 
short, tossed about like a cork, ana we 
got our money's worth for a couple of 
minutes ; but the little craft rode the 
waves beautifully, and we emerged with a 
yell of triumph, without having taken in 
more than a few drops of water. I found 
time then to notice that Zack had held his 
canoe back with the possible expectation 
of gathering up the pieces. He has often 
told me that a white man can never learn 
to paddle a canoe like an Indian, Dui he 
did condescend to speak well of my ef- 
forts with the paddle that day. 

In the course .of the mile, we had three 
other interesting bits of rough water to 
go through, but none of them seemed 
quite so wild as the first one. Our canoe 
struck bottom once where Zack's had 
passed in safety, but no harm was done, 
and the youngster held his nerve and sat 
perfectly still, as he had been told to do, 
for which he received his proper measure 
of praise. His fi,rst words, when we step- 
ped out of the canoe at the end of the 
ride, were "When can we do it again ? " 
We did it again several tiroes^ but proba- 
bly with never quite the same sensation to 
him as when we did it the first time. 

It was wonderful how they learned to 
follow a trail, and to pick their way 
through the woods without falling. On 
our way into- the woods from Mattawa, 
the first day, they made the portages 
with considerable diHiculty ; they tripped 
and stuni'bled and got the back switch of 
the brush ; and even had to be carried 
over some places which they afterwards 
got over easily without help. But before 
they came back they could go through the 
woods like young Indians. All genuine 
boys are half Indian anyway, only a great 
many of them never have an opportunity 
to develop that part of their make up, 
more's the pity. 



After tluee weeks of solid fun at this 
camp, the roaming spirit took possession 
of us, and we decided to move. A very 
simple operation, comparatively speaking. 
All our worldly possessions, including the 
home over our heads, were packed in the 
boat in a very short time, and we were 
off to Antoine Creek to try the .trout fish- 
ing for which that stream is famous. 

In order to reach good fishing, we^'bad 
to make an eight-mile portage, which we 
did on a hay wagon. It nearly shooTv the 
inside furnishings out of us adults, but the 
boys seemed to enjoy the ride and the 
shaking up, immensely ; the moral of 
which is, don't spend any idle moments 
wondering whether a boy can stand such 
a trip as we took, or as you, Mr. Sports- 
man, are about to take; you will find the 
boy as fresh as a morning glory when you 
are feeling like. the last rose of summer. 

We pitched our tent, this lime, on the 
site of an abandoned lumber camp. Moose 
and deer signs were in plenty, but we saw 
only one deer during; our stay of «everal 
days there, owing, no doubt, to the noise- 
making capacity of our youthful conting- 
ent. 

The .\ntoinc Creek is an ideal stream 
for brook trout. It is a fine, open 
stream, wide enough to make fly casting 
l>ossible for the novice and a delight t& 
the expert. It is about evenly divided be- 
tween stretches of deep, still water which 
make a light canoe almost a necessity, 
and wild canon like rapids where one is 
glad to leave the problem of canoe naviga- 
tion to the solution of the guide, and fish 
in likely spots for the big fellows that 
lurk there. 

The Madam took her first lesson in fly 
casting and learned the secret of its pow- 
er to lure a man from home and business. 
.\t first the suddenness of the trout's lise 
to the fly so surprised her that she would 
forget to strike her fish until he was only 
a memory of what might have been and a- 
promise of things hoped for. After a while, 
however, she got the trick and landed 
some beauties. 

As the temperature of the water and 
frequency of the rapids made bathing and 
tanoeing more strenuous than enjoyable, 
"R'e moved again, after we adults iiad our 
fill of fishing and the boys their fill of ber- 
ries, to a place better suited to the- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



i8s 



youngsters, at the mouth of the Antoine 
Creek. A bend in the river here itakes the 
swift current of the stream wide of the 
shore and forms a bay with a fine sand 
beach. Here the boys bathed and fished 
an<I paddled to their hearts' delight, and 
the days , slipped by so pleasantly and 
swiftly that we quite lost track of time. 

But the day came when our return 
could no longer be postponed. The boys 
were strenuous in their opposition to the 



idea of going home, but it had to be. The 
Madam thought she was as sorry as they 
at the prospect, and no doubt she was, for 
we had had the time of our lives. 

And yet a few days later, when we 
gathered under our own vine and fig tree 
and her eyes rested on the familiar furn- 
ishings therein, she sighed contentedly as 
she remarked: "This isn't so 'bad after 
all ! " 



-¥-*t^ 



Fly Fishing for Black Bass. 



As I have received several letters re- 
cently from your subscribers on the above 
subject, I think the best way to answer 
them will be through the medium of your 
interesting magazine. 

Black bass will, according to my exper- 
ience, rise well to the fly in water of from 
say 8 to 12 feet in depth, that is if fished 
for at the proper time of the day. I have 
usually found that the best time to fish is 
from early morning until about 11 o'clock 
and in the evening from about 4 until sun- 
down and in fact till it is almost dark. It 
is, however, little or no use. as a rule, to 
fish with the fly for bass during the middle 
of the day if it is bright or hot, as they 
will not rise. On a cloudy day it is, of 
course, different and they will often take 
then right through the day. I use flies 
dressed on hooks size No. 1, old scale, and 
I consider them quite large enough. I no- 
tice that many of the bass flies oSered for 
sale are dressed on enormous hooks. I, 
however, consider No. 1 to be a better 
killer, and if of forged steel, such as I use, 
strong enough for anything. The following 



Toronto has come in with an ingenious 
legal query. The "war canoe" of the Is- 
land Amateur .Vquatic Association was out 
the other evening for a practice spin when 
a two pound black bass jumped into the 
end of the canoe. This occurred two days 
prior to the opening of the season. It is 
understood that the crew did not put the 
bass back into the water, but on the con- 
trary enjoyed an extra tit-bit for their 
supper. 



flies are. according to my idea, the best 
killers for bass: — 

Parmacheene Belle, with plenty of scar- 
let ibis in it, 

Massassaga, 

Dark Montreal, 

Grizzly King, 

Lord Baltimore, 

Professor and 

Silver Doctor. 

One need not go beyond this list ; in 
fact I seldom find it necessary to use any 
but the first two. If bass are taking at 
all the Massassaga and Parmacheene Belle 
will do the business, I believe, but they 
must be properly dressed. 

If you wish toi meet with success in 
trolling for bass with the minnow let me 
advise you to try the "Dowagiac," fancy 
back or rainbow patterns. They are sim- 
ply irresistible. When trolling I usually 
use the fly myself and a long line but the 
"Dowagiac" beats it for trolling. 

WALTER GREAVES. 
Ottawa, 2nd June, 1905. 



Xow, did they catch the fish, or did 
the fish catch them ? It was illegal to 
catch the fish, but was it illegal to cajrry 
the fish away, after it had caught itself ? 
There is no end to the conundrums caused 
by an incident of this kind, but surely 
common sense ought to rule in such a 
case and equity be joined to justice, which 
should be satisfied with the fact that the 
law was not actively broken. 



IS6 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Salmo Fontinalis Maximum. 

A Veracious Account of Trout Catching. 

By Sll) IIUWAKD. 



Away up on the Geoigian Bay, Ottawa 
Uivitk', in I lis Majesty's Canadian Com- 
monweal tli of Ontario, Providence has 
made it possible for the Salmo Fontinalis 
to flourish and grow strong and ex'ceeding 
thick through the back, and the provincial 
government being of a mind with Provi- 
dence >and all true men, has set apart one 
million acres there, with the waters con- 
tained thereby that these glorious fish may 
continue to propagate and multiply and 
gradually migrate to where the sons of 
men with little money can get at them. 
This enchanting wilderness they have 
roamed "The Algonquin Park," a fish and 
game preserve and reservoir for the rains. 



ing <leer come down to drink, that beau- 
tiful mirage of the pensive spirit comes 
true, a reality of this present life. 

Dick, the homespun gentleman of the 
r-oods, he it was who introduced us, he it 
was who told us about it first ; told us 
after two .vears' acciuaintance on our third 
trip, by which we .judged he had slowly 
come to approve of us and return in some 
measure the love we bore him. 

^ railroad runs into the Park now, a 
branch of the Grand Trunk Railway Sys- 
tem. Vou can get in there in less than 
ten hours from Toronto, or by Ottawa 
from Montreal. Not so long ago it took a 
R'cek 'bv canoe. 




i:.\Lk r(1 C.VMl 



TEA I.AKK, ALOONoriN I'.VKK. 



It is indeed a glorious wilderness, for 
all that the bulk of the pine has gone the 
way of all good timber and only a few 
townships remain untouched by the axe. 

In these deep woods the fisherman's 
dream of a forest-forgotten lake in the 
hills, five jiortages in from the main route, 
where the trout grow heavy and ever hun- 
gry and where at the tender dusk of even- 



"It was l)efore the road was put 
through," explained Dick. "I found it, fol- 
lowing a deer track on my snow shoes. 
The Oilmour people bad a camp in there 
one winter, years before that, getting out 
square timber, but nobody has done any- 
thing there since." 

We listened breathless. 

"It is a fine lake.'' said Dick, '-'There's 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



187 



a lot o' green timber standing yet, and 
the pine is always a fine sight." 

He whittled a toothpick carefully out 
of a match. "Nobody ever fished in there 
but me,'' he a<i<le<l simply. 

We rose from beds on the balsam brush, 
and in the glow of kindlie.st feeling seized 
him by his paddle-calloused hand. 

"Are there any trout in the lake?" de- 
manded we, staring him solemnly in the 
fye. 

"Oh yes," said Dick tho taciturn, 
strangely unmoved. "The lake is full of 
them." "Big ones ? " Dick put just a lit- 
tle nicer hair point on his toothpick be- 
fore he replied. When he did his voice be- 
trayed not the slightest sign of mental 
strain or emotion. "There aint a small 
trout in the lake," said he. "If there is 1 
sever icaught one." 

"Now look here, Dick, no trifling with 
ii serious subject, how heavy do they ruii?" 
"Three and a half to five pounds," said 
Dick placidly. We relapsed upon the blank- 
ets again, weakly aghast. 

''You see the lake seems to 'a been cut 
off, some way," explained Dick. " There 
aint no connection with the main waters 
here except by a little 'crick' with high 
falls in it, that no trout can get up, and 
the fish that was in there just stayea in 
there and growed and they been kip' on 
growin' ever since jthe flood." 

"How a'oout the young ones," asked 
we. "The old ones eat the young ones," 
asserted Dick. "There aint nothing else for 
them to eat." "Eat 'em when they're 
good and small too, for you'll never catch 
one on a hook." 

Down in old Vermont and in the State 
of New York they fish the little brooks 
with light fly rods and when they land one 
pound trout they get out on the bank and 
dance in their long wading boots and 
scream for joy. 

So Sam in evangelistical spirit had 
seated himself down and written to his be- 
nighted brother in U.S.A. "Come up into 
Canada and catch some grown fish," said 
he, "and bring your bass tip in case any- 
thing happens." 

George came, 75(i miles by rail and 
quite prepared to go as far again by ca- 
noe if necessary. Trout was the only con- 
dition insisted upon. 

We had fished the Devil's Dam and the 



Whisky Jack Rapids and caught trout, 
plenty of them, small pan-fry trout and 
trout you must cut into steaks to cook, 
and for two days we had fed on trout 
md boiled potatoes and Dutch oven bread 
and maple syrup until we could look down 
and see the fat puffing our cheeks up under 
the eyes. Also we felt strong to essay 
ihc Long Portage, all the more so inas- 
much as we had good old Dick and his 
broad-backed brother in the checked shirt 
to carrv the canoes. 




FLY FISHING AT DEVIL S D.\M. 

"Will you take us over to see this lit- 
tle wilderness virgin, Dick ?" said we, our 
roices trembling a little with suspense. 

"I will if you do the square thing]," 
said Dick. 

"What's that '? " demanded we. 

"Keep it to yourselves," said he. 

"Dick," we cried, "It's too easy." 

•'What's the name of the lake ? " 

"It has no name," said Dick. "And it's 
not on the map either." 

'Ail the better," said we. "May it 
never get there," 



I88 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




"kkd on TKorr and hoii.kd hotat(ie.s. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



189 



The night descended, the old familiar 
picture that we loved, the blue smoke, 
white canvas, mysterious forest shadows 
and the ruddy flare of the fire. 

We slept again on balsam brush, with 
our cheeks pressed against the cool 
canvas of our dunnage bags. At daylight 
came the call "brek'fas', brek'fas' " and 
we were up and by sunrise away. 

We crossed the portage without a halt. 
Dark avenues of spruce, clumps of clean 
needle-carpeted pine woods, cove-shadowed 
and whispering patches of brule and the 



way high in the treble, every note deal 
and smooth as a God-gilted soprano's, 
and the silence throw them back from the 
hills, one 'by one, clear unbroken as they 
went. 

"Is there any trout in this lake, 
Dick ? " we asked for the mere joy of 
hearing. 

"We'll find out before we're much old- 
er," says Dick. Hei unslings his paadle 
from the throat strings and we get afloat. 
Down 50 feet in the clear depths, you 
can see the boulders, slowly sailing by be- 




PAN-FRY TROrT. 



open sky, then a muskeg with the old 
corduroy, rotted out, and greasy poles 
here and there to save one from the mor- 
ass, up hill into the hardwood high and 
dry ; and then finally, the silent gray 
glint of the lake through the leaves and 
tree trunks in the hollow beyond. 

"That it, Dick ? " 

"That's her," says Dick. 

The canoes are put down at the mossy 
landing and the men mop their brows. 

The open water leaden and calm, re- 
flects the low roof of the overcast sky. A 
loon, well out from the shore, laughs a 



' neath the canoe, which floats it almost 
I seems, in air, scarcely a ripple marking 
I the line on the surface. 

"Now boys, there's my offering," says 
Sam. 

The sinker takes the little chub dowm 
into the darkness, with paddle barely 
working, the canoe drifts, barel.y moving, 
close to the tops of the overhanging ced- 
ars on the steep rocky shore. We circle 
the horseshoe curve of the 'bay and creep 
half-way up the western shore without a 
strike. 

•'We've got to find a school," says 



I90 



ROD AND' GUN IN CANADA 



Dick, suckiiif!; his pipe. "Tliough what old- 
fashioned Iroiit want lo keep school for at 
their lime of life, I don't know." 

The other canoe, with Sam and George 
a roif out each side, our trollin;; canoe a- 
hcad. 

Suddenly across the calm, I heard the 
sharp click of .a reel, the bump of wood on 




"A TWO hours' catch." 

the };nnwale of the canoe and an exclama- 
tion in the twang of old New York. 

"Holy snfferin' " 

Dick, in my canoe, chuckles up his 
pipe stem. 

George's rod is dancing like a hulrush 
in a gale, and the reel is singing in seiui- 



demi-semi-quavers. Every little while I 
hca.r a fighting exclamation, "Go it old 
boy, go it." "You're all right." "Go it, this 
rod's insured, that's it, strain this old 
tip of mine. I need a new tip anyway. 
Got a little line that time, gee whiz, here, 
where in .Sam Hill are you going'' " Holy 
Alike, did you see him '.' 

The fish had jumped, a beautiful pink 
speckled, square tailed, brook trout, and a 
foot and a half long. 

him 



"Did you see 
shouted to Dick. 



jump 



I fairly 



says Dick. Then 
"We'll get bigger 



""Yes I seen him," 
after a careless pause, 
ones than that though." 

"No sir," said I. "No, Dick, don't say 
that. It's been a very nice illusion so far, 
and by chance a miracle has been 
wrought, but . let it go at that. I, gad 
Sam's got one too, and George still 
fighting his hard as ever. They'll have a 
great mix up there in a minute. Hello, 
I'm caught, w'e've struck a snag, Dick 
back ,up." 

The line is running out until the reel is 
fairly hot, before -Jim gets the canoe 
turned. 

.•\nd it still runs out. 
"By jove, it's a fish." 
Dick lays his paddle acros.s the gun- 
A.iles and presses the ashes down in his 
pipe with his hardened thumb. 
"That's what it is," says he. 
The staunch bail tip is springing, back- 
ing, dipping, fairly diving. The reel is 
singing like a telegraph office. 

"I've only got 10(1 feet of line," I 
moaned. "Well I'll give you some slack 
with the paddle,' says Dick, "ifvyou need 
it, but play with him and he'll stay 
round." 

1 don't know how long it took to land 
that trout. He was the first of a trium- 
phal series and it seemed a longtime, half 
an hour or half a day may be. The others 
averaged five minutes, and ran just as big 
or bigger, but the first struggle — well it 
seemed longer. 

.And when after heart-rending failures, 
the net was behind him and I let him slip 
hack into it, what a "lieaut" of a trout 
he was ; black-backed, dark, red flanked. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



igr 




'he'll go close to five pounds, that fellow. 



19^ 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



glistening, wi-l, thick through as a door, 
wide as the blade of a paddle and nearly 
as long. 

How the canoe shook as Dick held him 
out in front of him, his whole body sway- 
ing, as the fierce fish doubled and strug- 
gled in' a net that was knit for fingerlinjgs 
and was all tii<i small for trout. 



We had a pretty kettle of fish to carry 
across that portage. 

1 think I'd sooner have carried the ca- 
noe. 

"How can 1 ever get down to domestic 
fishin' again" wailed George. 

"Boy, you came perilously near to 
qualifying for the 'eranie hog' class to- 




"a pretty kkttle of fish." 



"He'll go close to live pounds, that fel- 
low," said Dick. 

"We'll call it five and a half," said I 
magnaniiously. "Are you fellows ready to 
go ashore for lunch '? " 

"Not on your life," roared Sam. He'd 
hooked another one. 



lay," grunted his gentle brother, "and it's 
scenery for yours for awhile and take your 
murderous mind ofl fishing." 

For sportsmanship prohibits undue in- 
dulgence and curbs the desire to repeat a 
limit Canadian catch like that. 



4+> 



".A Farmer" writing to the "Victoria 
Colonist" declares that game and civiliza- 
tion cannot exist together. He indicts the 
game as the source of all the ills to which 
a farmer's life is subje)Ct, but like the lady 
in "Hamlet" he protests too much, and 
spoils what might be a good case by his 
extravagance. The fact that game still ex- 
ists in the oldest .countries in the world 
should have taught him differently. What 



is wanted is not the destruction of game, 
(a course from which the farmer would be 
the first to suffer) but better protection on 
scientific lines, and a protection that real- 
ly does protect. Then many of the 
counts in "A farmer's " indictment would 
speedily disappear. We aie in favour of 
compensating farmers for the ravages of 
game as is done in Maine. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



193. 



Notes on the Fauna and Flora of the Selkirks. 



By ARTHUR O. WHEELER. 



The following classifications are by the 

noted authority. Professor John Macoun, 

Dominion Naturalist and Botanist, from 

information partly furnished by the writer. 

ANIMALS. 

Of the larger mammals four stand out 
prominently:— The Rocky Mountain Goat 
(Haplocerus Montanus), the Caribou (Ran- 
gifes Caribou), the Mule Deer (Cervus Ma- 
crotis) and the Bear. Of the last, there 
are two species:— the Grizzly (Ursus fer- 



densc growth of vegetation and the re- 
stricted area of Alpine pack lands where- 
these animals love to roam in large bands. 
Among the beasts of prey are the Con- 
gor or Mountain Lion, now very seldom 
seen, the Lynx and the Wolverine. I have 
purposely omitted bears, for unless given 
provocation, I have never heard of their 
attacking people and personally, though 
very often met w'ith, have only known 
them to run awav. 




BLACK BEAR. 
(Ursus Amencanus. ] 



cx) and the black bear (Ursus American- 
us). Both are fairly plentiful on the west- 
ern slopes owing to the excellent feeding 
grounds supplied by the large quantities of 
berries and skunk cabbage found in the 
■R'ider valleys and on the sunny lower 
slopes of the mountains. 

Although in considerable numbers in the 
main range, the Big Horn (Oris Montana ) 
is not seen in the more .mountainous parts 
of the Selkirks, owing doubtless to the 



Most noticeable of the smaller mam- 
mals is the Hoary Marmot or Whistler 
(Arctomys Columbianus), whose, shrill 
note, echoing from crag to crag startles 
by its likeness to a human call and resem- 
bles most the. symphony that delights the 
heart of the small boy. They are always 
on the alert and, be. it early or late, the 
moment you appear above the edge of a 
rocky amphitheatre, you are greeted by a 
rotation of shrill signals carried in succes- 



194 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




KOCKY IIOUNTAIN GOAT AND DOC. 




HOARY MARMOT OK WHISTLER. 

(Arctomj'S Columbianus. ) 



HABY HOARY MARMOT OR WHISTLER. 

(.-Xrcioinys Coluiiibianus. ) 
This is tlip young animal referred lo in the text. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



'95 



sion around the circle. If taken young, 
these animals are readily tamed. The ac- 
companying picture is of one caught dur- 
ing the past summer. Its first action was 
to burrow as far as its chain would per- 
mit. It would then eat food from the 
hand and finally took to carrying its feed- 
ing plate down the hole when finished. 

Says' Squirrel (Spermophilus lateralis) 
and Parry's Marmot (Spermophilus Par- 
ryi) are also found, the former high up 




" ROCKY MOrXTAlX GOAT. 
(Haplocerus Monlanus. ) 

on the rocks and in the woods and the lat- 
ter in .colonies in the prairie openings and 
more open spaces among the undergrowth. 
The Little Chief Hare or Pika (Lagomys 
Princeps) is a curiosity. It resembles 
most a toy rabbit and squeeks like that ar- 
tiple does when the bellows are pressed. It 
is found along the base of rock falls and in 
old moraines. In these places its, little 
paths through the herbage may be seen 
strewn with flowers neatly cut and placed 
in bundles to be carried to its store for 
winter use. 

They sit on the rocks and scurry over 
the boulders in the higher alpine spots, and 
their quaint squeek gives an eerie feeling 
to the traveller as though they were 
gnomes guarding the secrets of these moun- 
tain fastnesses. 

Mention must not be omitted of the 
yellow-haired porcupine, a nuisance to 
both man and beast. They eat your 



clothes, chew up^all leather goods and are 
a perfect misfortune to dogs. They are 
slow and ugly. Leaving our survey in- 
struments hanging to the limbs of a tree 
one night -to avoid carrying again up a 
mountain, in the morning both outside cas- 
es were found almost chewed olT and Mr. 
Porcupine still at his toothsome meal. He 
died that morning. 

BIRDS. 

The most important are the grouse of 
which there are six different species. High 
up on the Alpine slopes and at the edge of 
the timber are the white-tailed Ptarmigan 
(Lagopus Lencurus) ; then Franklin's 
Grouse, which is the real fool-pen of the 
prospector, also Richardson's Grouse, of- 
ten called Blue Grouse on account of its 
colouring, and largest of all the Dusky or 
Sooty Grouse (Dendragapus fuliginosis). In 
the woods below are the Ruffed Grouse 
( Bonasa umbellu.s togata ) and the 
dark speckled variety commonly called 
Spruce Partridge. There may be still 
another species, resembling the Ruffed 
Grouse, but darker in colour and more 
handsomely plumaged. 

Of other birds those coming most 
prominently into notice are Clark's Crow 
(Picicorous Columbianus), an excellent 
scavenger, the black - headed Jay, an 
extremely handsome bird of dark me- 
tallic blue plumage and an immense 
vocabulary of cuss words, the Rocky 
Mountain Whiskey Jack, with man- 
ners quite as progressive but with gar- 
ments more sombre of hue than his East- 
ern cousin, and the Water Ousel or Dipper 
(Cinclus Mexicanus), whose funny little an- 
tics as it flits from stone to stone .along a 
waterway, continually dipping and bob- 
bing, are very amusing. Its nest built on 
a ledge of rock in the bed of a stream di- 
rectly behind ,a miniature waterfall resem- 
bles a bunch of moss with the water drip- 
ping from its outer sprays. The Dipper 
has a very sweet and attractive little note 
and is quite one of the most interesting 
birds of the region. 

There are a number of Thrushes, Spar- 
rows, Warblers, 'Woodpeckers and other 
small birds. Owls are seen in the woods, 
especially the Hawk-Owl, who, combining 
the swiftness of the hawk with the keen 

night vision of the owl, makes things gen- 



i 



l()(i 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




I.YNX. 




MOUNTAIN COAT. 
(Hoploceus Montanus. ) 



rviAKTlCN. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



197 



erally unpleasant for the smaller feathered 
denizens and mammals. 

Both the Bald-Headed and Golden Eagle 
are found along the Columbia River and 
its larger tributaries, evidently bent upon 
fishing excursions. 

In all, between twenty and thirty spe- 
cies of birds are met with. 
FISH. 

Of fish the Steelhead or Gairdner's 
Trout {Salmo Gairdneri) and the Bull 
Trout (Salvalinus Malma) are found in the 
streams. 

In the lakes and rivers are caught the 
Great Lake Trout (Cristivomar Namay- 
cush) and the Blueback or Fraser River 
Salmon (Oncorhyncus Nerka). On the 
Eastern slopes of the main range are 
found in great numbers the Cut^throat 
Trout (Salmo Mykiss). They are not 
found in the waters of the Western slopes. 

Owing to high falls on the Kootenay 
river below the Lake, it has often been 
wondered how Kootenay Lake became 
stocked with salmon. One theory put for- 
ward is that during an extreme freshet the 
water overflowed from Kootenay river to 
the upper lake at the source of the Co- 
lumbia River and' that then the salmon 
worked up the narrow neck of li miles 
separating the two. The Rev. Father De 
Sweet of the Early Jesuite Missions, 
speaks of such a freshet in one of his 
books. 

FLORA. 

Owing to the abundant moisture on the 
Pacific slopes, the flora of the Selkirks 
presents a tropical luxuriance. The heavily 
forested valleys are one of their chief at- 
tractions, affording a picturesque effect 
that delights the eye although furnishing a 
very serious obstacle to travel. Among 
the tree growth may be mentioned the 
Giant Cedar (Thuga Gigantea) and Doug- 
las Fir (Psendotsuga Douglasii), both 
reaching a diameter of over ten feet. The 
Cottonwood (Populus Balsamea) along the 
river bottoms, Engeman's Spruce and two 
hemlocks (Tsuga Mertenscania and Tsuga 
Pattoniana) are also prominent. High up 
on the mountain slopes are found two firs 
(Abies Subalpina and Abies Amabilis), and 
highest of all next the snow among the 
spruces is seen Pinus Albicaulis. 

The shrubs attain great luxuriance and 
many are berry-bearing. Of the latter 



The Patent 

Burdette Bait 

WILL NOT 
CATCH WLEDS 



Made in three 
sizes. 3, 4, & 434 
inches, and colors, 
Xickle, Brass and 
Copper, body 
measurement. 

This Is the best Casting 

or trol/ina belt ever 

originated. 

I n \- e n t e d and 
Patented by a Can- 
adian fisherman, 
and altho only two 
years on the mar- 
ket, well known 
and used enthusi- 
astically by thou- 
sands of fishermen. 

The d i ff e r e n t 
sizes are suitable 
for 

BASS 

PICKEREL 
TROUT and 
MASKILONGE. 

We have many 
unsolicited testi- 
monials. 
Try one of these ? 



75c 

each 

All Sizes 
and Colors 

\\ If your dealer 
ill does not sell them 
'-•send to us. 

Burdette Fish Bait Syndicate 

72 Bay Street, TORONTO 



198 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



raspberries grow in the wildest profusion 
along the railway and through the burnt 
timber. A large, dark-colored huckleberry 
(Vaccinium Myrlilloides) is extremely plen- 
tiful and is delicious to the taste. A sec- 
end variety of a bluish color is not so 
tasty, while a third variety (Vaccinium 
Myrtillus) is red and of great delicacy. 
The two fojrmer grow on bushes reaching a 
height of four to five feet while the other 
grows close to the ground. Cap-berries 
(Rubus Natkanus), currants and gooselwr- 
ries are also seen, but not in such quanti- 
ties and they are not altractive to the 
taste. Spirea, white-flowering Rhododen- 
dron, the flowering Honeysuckle and the 
Labrador Tea plant (Ledum Glandulosum) 
make the woods gay while in bloom. 

Among the more striking but less de- 
lightful plants are the Prickly Aralia or 
Devil's Club (Panax Horcidus, Fatsia Hor- 
rida), a tropical burst of wide leaves, sur- 
mounted by a bunch of bright red berries 
when in fruit, at extreme end of a cane 
four to eight feet long. The canes are 
completely covered by spikes which break 
of! on contact with the clothing and work 
into the flesh causing painful sores ; also 
the Skunk Cabbage (Lysichiton Kamtsch- 
atcense), a plant of very abundant growth 
with wide succulent leaves. When trodden 
upon it emits a most repulsive odour. The 
roots are a favorite food for bears and 
that fact probably accounts for their num- 
bers in the valleys radiating from the Sel- 
kirks summit. 

Of flowers the more beautiful in their 
bright coloring are the Giant Dog's 



Tooth \'iolet or Adder's Tongue (Ery- 
thronium Gigantium), of a brilliant yel- 
low ; the Painted Cup (Castilleia) passing 
ilirough all shades of yellow, pink, scarlet 
and crimson ; the Mimulus or Monkey 
flower (Mimulus Lutens and Mimulus Lew- 
isii) of two varieties, yellow and crim- 
son ; the American Globe Flower (Trollius 
laxus) and the ubiquitous Fireweed (Epil- 
obium Augustiflorum). The Edelweiss of 
Switzerland does not grow in the Canadi- 
an Mountains, the nearest approach we 
have 'being the Everlasting (Autennaria) 
belonging to the same group. Marigolds 
and Larkspurs are strongly in evidence. 
Several varieties of the Heath family are 
very abundant on the Alpine slopes, both 
of pink and white varieties, and pink and 
white flowering mosses are among the 
plants of greatest altitude. Last but by 
no means least may be mentioned the 
queen of flowers, the Moccasin plant or 
Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium) belonging to 
the Orchid family. There are three va- 
rieties of which only one is common. 

It has only been possible in this short 
article to mention a few of the more strik- 
ing flowers. There are very many others 
which, although not quite so pretentious, 
are none the less beautiful. Throughout 
the summer the same flowers may be seen 
as a blaze of glory, first in the valley Tiot- 
toms in early spring and then on the high 
Alpine pack lands just below the base of 
the bare ragged peaks as late as August, 
during the period that is at this high al- 
titude spring, summer and fall compressed 
into a few short weeks. 



-f» 



Game Protection in Al^oma. 

A Strong Indictment. 



Jlr. A. Calbeck, w-ho is in business at 
Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, as a gunsmith, 
writes to "Rod and Gun" a strong indict- 
ment of the inefficiency of game protection 
in his neighbourhood and Algoma general- 
ly. He believes that if he were capable he 
could write a whole book dealing with his 
experience on this subject. He has often 
wondered if members of parliament have 
any idea of what is going on in regard to 



this matter. He has resided ten years in 
Sault Ste. Marie, goes out hunting every 
season, and has always been successful in 
getting the number of deer the law allows 
to one man. Mr. Calbeck mentions these 
things in order to show his knowledge of, 
and acquaintance with, the subject on 
which he writes. He continues:— 

"For the last three seasons I have gone 
to Dean Lake, and got acquainted with a 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



'99 



number of peopie in that district. They 
know me suflfieiently well now not to have 
any secrets from me, and tell me of tb.eir 
doings quite frankly. Lumber camps, they 
say, are well supplied with venison every 
winter. I asked them in what way the 
.supply was kept up. "Oh," was the reply 
of one man, "I kill some myself, and the 
settlers supply the rest." "But," I ob- 
jected, "you have a Game Warden here, 
haven't you ' " "Oh, yes," he says, " he 
doesn't care." "Well," I said, "its a 
shame to kill, so many." '"Well you know 
the law allows the settler to kill for his 
■own use." "Yes," I replied, "the law al- 
lows settlers to kill for their own use, and 
what they cannot use they sell." Now lo 
my mind, and that of others, that clause 
in the game law allowing the settler in 
unorganized districts to kill deer and 
moose for his own use is the worst clause 
in the game law. If that clause were re- 
pealed there would not be so much killing 
out of season. 

"In the latter part of September last I 
took a friend with me and w-e went down 
to Dean Lake for a partridge shoot. I met 
a friend with whom I had been out the 
previous Fall, and we arrange^ to go out 
shooting the following day, he acting as 
our guide. We were up and out bright, and 
early next morning, and took a north west 
course through thei woods, intending to 
■cross a small river. When we reached the 
banks we found that we could not cross, 
as the rains had caused it to rise, making 
it too deep to ford. We sat down on' some 
rocks overlooking the stream, and I re- 
marked, "Just at the foot of those rocks 
is where I shot a moos© last season." 
■"Yes," responded our guide, "that is the 
best place for moose in this part of the 
■country. A little lower down two set- 
tlers (mentioning their names) shot two 
moose in June." "Why," I said, "whatev- 
er would they do with them at that time 
of the year ? " "Oh, they didn't do any- 
thing with them," he said, "they just left 
them there in the river." My retort was 
"What a shame ! " "That is nothing," he 
said, warming up, "if you were here some- 
times you would see the canoes coming up 
and down this river in the summer even- 
ings with jack lights for the purpose of 
(netting a shot at a moose or deer." 
"Well," I said, "why don't you put the 



Game Warden on to them ? " "What does 
the. Game Warden care ? " was the re- 
sponse. 

"May I give you another case ? During 
the last winter a trakeman on the C. P. 
R. came into my shop, and knowing he 
was well acquainted with my Dean Lake 
guide, I asked about him, and was told 
that according to his own confession to 
this mutual friend he had killed seventeen 
deer and sold them to the lumber camps. I 
was given the names of the camps and I 
know them well. 

"On two of my hunting trips I stopped 
at the house of a settler north of Dean 
Lake He happened to ie in the Soo in 
March. 1904, and called to see me. "Well," 
I said, "you are not doing much hunting 
now I suppose as the snow is too deep." 
"Oh, pretty fair," he responded, "two of 
us were out the other day on snowshoes. 
We went into one of the deer yards, and 
I killed seven and the other man one. They 
tannot get out of the way now the snow 
is so deep." "But," I said, "you couldn't 
use all that venison." "Oh, no," he, re- 
sponded, "we took the best, and left the 
balance there." Kilex talking to him he 
promised never to do the like again, and 
admitted he had gone a good deal too far. 

".-Another man whom I knew called up- 
on me and said he had been prospecting 
north of Massey Station. When he told 
me he had been twenty miles north of that 
point, I asked him how the game was 
there ? He said that they got all the fresh 
meat they wanted, and a trapper living 
there told them he had killed twelve 
moose, and sold all the meat to the lum- 
ber camps. 

".\ny attempts to prosecute these men 
results in failure because the delinquents 
claim' to be settlers. The Game Wardens 
are discouraged because if they fail they 
have to pay the costs, and consexjuently 
they are very chary indeed in bringing cas- 
es against any one. This seems a strange 
law-. It is howea-er the way game is - pro- 
tected in Algoma. 

All last winter moose and deer meat 
could be bought in the Soo and it was 
even smuggled into the States across the 
River on the ice. Several hotel keepers 
here told me that such meat was offered 
to them for sale but they declined to en- 



200 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



courage the killing of these animals out of 
season. 

The other day I went over to Sault 
Ste. Marie, Mich., to see how the law was 
enforced there. Mr. Chapman, the Chief 
Game Warden for the State, informed .ne 
that he has 130 deputies under him, that 
each man receives $3.00 and expenses per 
day when on duty, and last year they se- 
cured over one thousand convictions. While 
the cost of the Department was $128,000 
they secured $132,0(10 in fines, making the 
Department self supporting. In Michigan 
the settler has no more rights than any 
one else, and when olficials take up a case 
they are backed up by the law. 

If we could have a similar state of 



things here the game would increase, and 
not decrease. I also advocate the increase 
of the license fee from $2.i to $100 for for- 
eigners, who often bring in their supplies 
with them, and only hire a half-breed 
guide. They only want heads, and such 
heads are worth the price. 

I am prepared to substantiate my facts 
at any time. I have only given you a se- 
lection of what has come under my own 
notice, and if you publish these, I may ask 
you in some future issue to allow me to 
give you some facts in relation to the 
wholesale destruction of fish and pai- 
tridge in Algoma. 

(Give the new Government a chance. — 
Ed. R. <t G.) 



-♦-♦-♦- 



An Amateur's Vacation. 

By DR. .\. \V. ALLINGH.AM. 



It was in the Fall of 1902 when Bill 
Hodson and I made up our minds to go to 
the Moose Mountains, Assiniboia, N. W.T., 
and enjoy a week with the ducks. A week 
is a short time for a vacation, but it does 
not fall to the lot of every amateur 
sportsman to be able to prolong his holi- 
day as his wishes might prompt him to 
do, and as we had to be content with a 
week, we resolved to make the very best 
of that week. 

According to arrangement therefore we 
left Broadview, Assa., and drove fifty 
miles in a short day. This drive was 
without notable incident and was got 
through easily by our excellent team of 
bronchos, which animals when they are 
good ones, as ours were, are difficult to 
beat for speed and endurance. Our object- 
ive was a shack which had been construct- 
ed by me several years before, and which 
still remained in good serviceable condi- 
tion. This was a twelve by sixteen "build- 
ing supplied with stoves, pots, and pans, 
and other camping indispensables. All 
these were found in fair order, and though 
they had been used they had been left in 
good shape. To say that I was surprised 
would be to tell an untruth, for your 
camper is seldom vague on the rights of 
property. We speedily put things into ship 



shape, and adopted many conveniences 
which only an experience of camping made 
us appreciate. Our next work was to light 
a fire just in front of the door. We meant 
to enjoy a camp fire evening, and we did ! 
Of all my pleasurable recollections of past 
years, I think the most pleasant are those 
connected with evenings round the camp 
fire. A few congenial people come closer 
in spirit at such a time than at any other 
period of their lives. While the smoke from 
the pipe goes curling up, the mind is at- 
tuned to every song the fire sings, and oux 
spirits rise and fall with the course of the 
camp fire. 

Our camp was close to the hut of 
a hunt.er cowboy who lived alone be- 
side the lake. Charlie was an old 
bachelor who loved his gun and his 
dog, and his wild care-free life far 
too well ever to be shackled by the golden 
chain of matrimony. Good, honest, pure 
souled Charlie ! Since that vacation he 
lost his life in saving his forest home from 
fire. For three days and nights he alone 
fought the demon off. occupying a strateg- 
etical point between two lakes, and suc- 
ceeded in saving a large portion of the for- 
est from destruction. He did his work 
well, but the strain and the exposure laid 
the seeds of the disease that afterwards 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



201 



caerried him oR. The love of a natural 
open air life, and the living close to Na- 
ture, seems to keep a man from falling a 
victim to the vices of cities, and I have 
never known a man devoted to the sports 
of hunting and fishing who was addicted to 
vice in any form. The free air of Heaven, 
the green trees, the birds and the fishes, 
and all the things of life, give the lover 
of Nature solace enough, and he has no 
need to benumb his sensibilities into for- 
getfulness. On the contrary ,he has need of 
all his faculties, and wishes to keep them 
alert. Charlie was one of Nature's noble- 
men, tall, of symmetrical proportions, 
with a clear eye and ruddy skin, a rnan 
built to last a century, and with his clean 
living, would, but for the accident, have 
reached an honoured old age. Alas that it 
was not to be ! 

.\ morning splash in the miniature bay 
at OUT feet, fresh bacon, potatoes, and 
strong coffee, prepared \is well for the busi- 
ness of the day so far as the earthly man 
was concerned. Our mornings were mostly 
given up to fishing, though pickerel at the 
rate of one a minute is not sport, and al- 
though an occasional pike afforded Varie- 
ty, fishing with uniform luck is not alto- 
gether alluring, and waxes monotonous. 

Siestas, several pipes, and occasionally 
a book, passed the afternoons, until the 
lengthening shadows told us that the 
ducks would soon be at their flight. A 
walk of a mile from our Camp brought us 
to where a gap in the hills between two 
lakes formed a natural air line for the 
ducks on their passage to the larger lake 



tor the night. A duck prefers to spend the 
night around .some island as she then Seels 
safe from prowling wolves or foxes, though 
r have no doubt many of them are caught 
by drifting on a lee shore in the night. A 
moderate bag of about a dozen ducks a- 
piece gave us a feeling of satisfaction such 
as only comes after a successful shoot. 
Just before arriving at the pass, I had, on 
the shore of a small lake, the first "right 
and left" I ever made. I am not familiar 
with the joys of the high finance, and I 
know nothing of a man's elation when by 
some successful deal he has made a mil- 
lion. I do not, however, believe that, how- 
ever great, it equals the joy of the ama- 
teur over his first well hit "right and 
left." 

The laJKe, the woods, the soft light, the 
falling birds, make a beautiful picture to 
be reproduced at will upon my visual 
screen. The walk home in the gloaming, 
with the delicious sense of the weariness 
brought only by a weighty bag, the quiet 
smoke and talk over the camp fire are 
wholesome pleasures to be enjoyed over 
again in thought m.-^ny times in future 
years. Indeed, if people anly knew it, pure 
wholesome pleasures are good investments, 
not merely to be enjoyed in the present, 
but to go on compounding their interest in 
the years to come. Six days spent m this 
fashion were not too much, and since our 
return to Broadview we have lived that 
pleasant week over again in memory many 
times. May it not be long before the am- 
ateur can repeat his experience ! 



^-M- 



Thc Biggest One. 



We had been out to the fishing grounds 
three times and each time had come in 
without lish. Luck was hard against us 
but still we thought one more try 
wouldn't hurt so ofi we started "for the 
very last time" we were both sure. 

I rowed and my chum held the trolling 
line. It was a bright morning, but we 
could see other boats out on the grounds 
so we knew there must be some chance of 
a fish. Taking the hint of Pete, an old 
fisherman of the place, we used a dull 



spoon because of the brightness of the day 
and as usual when we went out had high 
hopes of success at the start. There was 
a slight ripple on the water and the 
wavelets danced in the sun. What a day ! 
Just the time for 'lunge, we thought. So 
1 pulled swiftly for the grounds and soon 
we were rowing round and round on what 
we supposed to be the right course. But 
we got no bite, not even a sign of the 
presence of the 'lunge we were after. Con- 
sequently we began to talk of things other 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



than fish and Chum let her line hanp loose- 
ly in her fingers. But not for very long. 
I saw the line tug and jerk from where I 
sat at the oars, but I pulled ahead thmk- 
ing It to be weeds. Chum's face told me a 
different story. 

"Is it a txig one ? " I asked. 

"Oh — I-I-I-guess so" Chum answered be- 
tween tugs. Then "I— I think you'd better 
take the line." "Quick" she added, " I'll 
lose him." 

Although it was, I suppose, hardly the 
right thing to do I let Chum take the oars 
■while I handled the line. The mmute I 
felt the tug I knew we had a 'big one, and 
with the thought Chum's words recurred 
"I'll lose him." I had never had mucn ex- 
perience with big 'lunge and so handled 
this one in fear and trembling lest he 
should get away. I drew in line hand over 
hand until I knew the fish must be near 
the boat. Another turn. Then in the wat- 
er behind a great splashing. The fish was 
on top and kicking. 

"Oh oh" said Chum. 

"Row hard" I said, "I'll let him out 
again." '> 

So Chum pulled away, while I, keeping 
a tight hold, slowly gave out line. Then I 
held him steady and played him, aiming to 
tire him out. When 1 thought I had about 
done this, for the fish came like a dead 
weight on the line, I began to draw in 
again. Hand over hand, hand over hand. 



till I saw the flirt of his tail in the wat- 
er behind. 

"We've got him now"' I said to Chum. 

But not by any means. Hardly were 
the words out of my mouth when the line 
jerked and pulled till I thought I'd lose my 
fish every time. I stood up in the stern 
of the boat, facing him in my excitement. 
As I think of it now that fish reminds me 
of nothing more than of a horse pulling at 
his bridle. He was half out of water, try- 
ing to shake the hook out of his mouth. 
But I held a firm line, letting out gradual- 
ly until again "masky" was far enough in 
the water to stop his jumping. 

Chum still rowed ahead while I played 
the fish, ever ready for a fight. But it 
didnjt come, so I pulled in, inch by inch, 
until our fish was just a little astern. 
Then came the grand finish. A frenzied 
pulling in of line, the water lashed into 
foam, a great swing and "the biggest one" 
lay in the bottom of the boat. 

I breathed a sigh of relief. But no. Not 
yet, said Mr. Fish. I got down on my 
knees and held him while I tried to kill 
him with our little gaff. How he fought! 
He slipped out from under my knees and 
nearly jumped overboard ; but I gripped 
him behind the gills and held on until I 
killed him. 

Then, and not till then, did Chum and 
I look at each otJier. Not until then did 
we smile the smile of victorr. 



-♦-■f-t- 



Trout Fishing in a Quebec Lake. 



Mr. Throop and I left Ottawa by the 
8 a.m. C. P. R. train for Buckingham, 
Que., on the 20th instant, where we were 
met by our driver at 9 and proceeded 
north about 28 miles to one of the lakes 
belonging to our club. There was a party 
of jovial anglers on board the train, bound 
for some lakes about 25 mile.s east of ours. 
They had the true angling atmosphere a- 
bout them , I venture to say they took 
something out of the water. 

We arrived at our destination at about 
2, and, after putting up the tent and get- 
ting things in shape, started for the lake, 
about half a mile from our camp. We did 



this to avoid carrying too far, and because 
there is much better camping ground 
where we were and the flies are not so bad 
as they are near the lake. It did not take 
us long to get our fly rods in working or-, 
der, and we were out on the lake in our 
l-I-foot birch bark canoe about 5 o'clock. 
From that time until 8 we landed sonie 
beautiful trout, — one or two of over 3 
lbs. and several over 2 lbs. The weather 
was, however, much against fly fishing 
during the whole of our trip as it blew 
very heavily from the north, and was so 
cold that there was ice in the mornings. 
When the fish would not take the flv we 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



203 



trolled with the Cartman, Dowagiac, and 
DeVon minnows, — all first-class trolls, — and 
they sometimes proved very killing. We, 
however, took most of our fish on the fly, 
and that is really the only way we care 
to catch speckled trout. The flies that 
proved the best killers were the Grizzly 
King, Blue dun, Jenny Lind and Parma- 
cheene Belle. I tried doRcns of patterns, 
but found these to be the only ones they 
would look at. I have usually met with 
great success in this lake at this time of 
the year with the Zulu, Dark Montreal, 
Queen of the Water, Silver Doctor, and 
Canada, but, owing, I presume, to the cold 
windy weather they would not rise to 
them at all. We had some delightful 
sport at times casting among the boulders 
and sunken rampikes, and when it was 
calm in the evening (it seldom was, how- 
ever, except in a few sheltered spots) we 
occasionally caught a glimpse of a large 
trout putting up his dorsal fin. Cast 
vithin a foot of him and you were sure of 
hooking him. Many people might think 
these tiny rings were made by small trout 
but just cast near them and the result will 
often be surprising. It is certainly grand 
sport to hook and play a 2 to 3 lb. trout 
on a light rod with fine tackle. We had 
some good sport too with trout of about 
li lbs. and they seemed to fight as hard 
as the larger ones. I used flies on No. 5 
hooks (old scale) and found them to "be 
about the right size. I had dozens with 
me that I had dressed on both larger and 
smaller hooks, but I found the No. 5 hooks 



to be about the right thing. We tried it 
early in the morning, — getting up at four 
o'clock, — but found the best time for fly 
fishing to be about 10 to 11 and in the 
evening from 7 to 8 (we could not stay 
later as it would have been too difficult 
to get over the portage in the dark). We 
returned home on the 24th with 63 trout, 
—a nice catch when you consider that a 
few fish weighed oyer 2 lbs. and that most 
of them were taken with the fly in cold, 
windy weather. 

It is astonishing the good one derives 
from a few days spent in the open air in 
these Laurentian Mountains. It takes a 
couple of days for one to get over the fa- 
tigue of driving over the rough roads, car- 
rying heavy packages (we, however, had 
an excellent man to do bur heavy work), 
paddling and casting all day, — our method 
of fishing. .4fter that, however, one feels 
fit for anything. We were never still for 
many moments at a time, but were al- 
ways paddling about and casting in a- 
mong the bushes, etc., or trolling. We do 
not care to anchor and bait fish and I 
think there is no question about it that 
one has far better sport by moving about 
md covering different water constantly. 
For my part I would rather catch half a 
dozen fish with the fly than two dozen 
by any other means, and I know Mr. 
Throop has precisely the same idea in re- 
gard to fly fishing. 

WALTER GREAVES. 
Ottawa, 29th May, 1905, 



■^r^k^ 



Trout Fishing at Stony Portage. 

By HANK, 



The hunting season being over, and the 
fishing started, my old friends Dick and 
Bob, accompanied by myself, of course, de- 
cided to go afishing. W'e fixed upon the 
Portage, as we had heard much of the 
trout in that locality, and accordingly left 
Chapleau, Ont., on No. 1, the Canadian 
Pacific west bound transcontinental ex- 
press for Missanabie, about sixty miles 
west on the main line. At Missanabie we 
dined at the house kept by Mr. Louis Lef- 
evre, and received the best of treatment. 



In high good humor therefore we entered 
the Hudson's Bay Ci ';■ store and replenish- 
ed our supply of flies, etc., from their fine 
stock. When we were thoroughly prepared 
for the fray we found Mr. Lefevre ready 
with his steam yacht in which he took us 
across Dog Lake, making a splendid trip 
of twelve and a half miles. On our way 
we passed Big Rabbit Island, and Little 
Rabbit Island, and were told that these 
names were given them by the Indians, of 
whom there arc a goodly number in the 



204 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



neighbourhood of Missanabie. The reason 
however for the names appears to be lost, 
and our inquiries failed to find any clear 
reason for them, but it was a religious 
meaning of some kind. We unloaded our 
outfit into birch bark canoes, and in them 
proceeded to our fishing grounds, a little 
way down stream. There we got into po- 
sition and commenced our work, Dick had 
a Bristol rod. Bob a split bamboo, and I 
placed my confidence in a greenheart. We 
had not been at work above a minute be- 
fore I heard a cry, "Hank, Hank, bring the 
landing net." Away I go and Bob after 
me, and in his eagerness to be of assist- 
ance he goes in up to his neck. When I 
arrive alongside Dick, it is only to find 
that his tfout (which he says was a t;ix- 
pounder) had got away. Of course he 
started to give me a full explanation of 
the circumstances, and was full of how it 
happened, when up bobs Bob, none the 
worse for his mishap, but just a little wet. 
Bob's appearance started Dick off on a new 
tack. "There's the cause of my losing 
him" he said, pointing to Bob. "How's 
that ? " asks Bob, pretending innocence. 

"Well," responded Dick, "I had a pret- 
ty tight line on Air. Speckled Trout, and 
did not intend giving him one atom of 
slack line, when "ker plunk" in you go up 
to your neck. I just turned my head to see 
how you looked in such a situation, and 
Mr. Trout took his leave. Anyway he's 
gone, and no wonder. Your splash would 
frighten any thing within a mile. I'm go- 
ing too, and mean to try my luck else- 
where. ' ' 

After that we fished several nice look- 
ing pools. "Bob did you see that fellow ? 
He made an awful rise at that Silver Doc- 
tor fly, eh? Hello! there he is again! • Got 
him ? No, I have not — yes I have a pretty 
good hold of him now ! " Burr-rr-rr-rr, 
away goes fifty feet of line, and I started 



to bring him in very cautiously. Bob 
shouts, "Hang on to him. Hank, because I 
think I am going in up to my neck again." 
"All right," I yelled back, "in you go if 
you like, but I shall attend to the fish, 
and not to you ' " With great care I man- 
aged, after fifteen minutes hard play, to 
bring him within reach of my landing net; 
he was a beauty, he tipped my pocket 
scales at 3 lbs. 10 oz. He was the larg- 
est caught on that trip. 

Bob was apparently busily engaged, and 
I asked him if he had caught a whale. 
"No," he replied, "but I am hooked on to 
a fish which pulls very much like one ! " 
For a time Dick and I watched the game. 
Bob waded in up to his waist, and Dick, 
not to be outdone, accompanied him. Then 
Dick, just as Bob brought the fish along- 
side for Dick to put the net under him, re- 
peated Bob's trick, and went in. The water 
was so deep that there was nothing but 
swimming for it, and Dick landed fifty 
yards further down stream. In the midst 
of all the excitement Bob held on to his 
fish and I lajided him, when he proved to be 
a six and a half pounds pickerel. "Well, 
well," says Bob, "that's certainly a funny 
looking trout." "Yes," responds Dick, 
"and to think I came near to losing all I 
own in the world trying to land a fish 
like that." 

Well, with two wet fishermen out of 
three, we agreed it was time to quit for 
this trip. A speedy return was made to 
the yacht, our haul being seven speckled 
trout, weighing ten and three quarter 
pounds, and one pickerel. Our good friend. 
Lefevre, had an excellent spread for us. 
and getting a change from wet clothes we 
enjoyed the same. On our voyage back to 
Missanabie we filled and smoked our pipes, 
fought our battles over again, and agreed 
that we were enjoying a pleasant ending to 
a most pleasant trip. 



■f>-f 



The Yoho Valley and How to See It. 

By ROBKRT K. CANirBELL, UflDK. 



,, , , , ■■ , .,* lore confine invsclf to the oft repeated 

So much has been said and written a- ,, icH<;a..,cvi 

query, "How can we best see it ? 
bout this valley, now admitted to be the Primarily, let me say that the road and 

most picturesque of the Canadian Rockies, trails leading int-o and through the valley 
that little remains to be told. I shall there- form a figure 8, the point of interseclioo 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



205 



being near Summit Lake, on the pass be- 
tween Mt. Wapta and Emerald Range. This 
arrangement enables the tourist to see the 
different sio;hts with the additional pleasure 
of not having to cover the same route 
twice. 

Starting from Field Station, the trip to 
Emerald Lake Chalet is usually made in 
carriages, the distance being seven miles 
and the driveway a delightful one. Here 
there is stationed a corps of reliable 
guides, and ponies. Provisions are obtain- 
able at the Chalet and the next morning 
the traveller finds everything ready for 
the trip. 

Leaving the Chalet, the trail skirts the 
western shore of the Lake, and across a 
gravel flat to the foot of the " Divide" 
between the Lake and the Yoho Valley. The 
trail now leads sharply with many cork- 
screw turns up the divide, passing by the 
Emerald Cascade, until the pass proper is 
reached, and you dismount for lunch on the 
margin of the Summit Lake. The distance 
travelled is about six miles, but it has 
taken about 3i hours. 

It is here the diverging of the trails 
take place, and the lower trail, leading you 
along the bottom of the valley is the one 
usually selected on the out-trip. A mile and 
a half, on a descending trail brings you to 
the Lower Look-oR, a point on the west 
side of the valley, opposite the famous Tak- 
akkaw Falls, and from where a splendid 
view of the valley is obtained. (Tourists 
having only one day at their ilisposal 
make this point their objective.) From 
Lower Look-off to the floor of the valley 
is a descent of 1200 feet and crossing the 
valley, the Yoho river is reached at a 
point opposite the Falls. ' 

The trail now follows the valley four or 
five miles until camp is reached at Laugh- 
ing Falls. The ponies are now turned 
loose to rustle their well-earned fodder, 
and while the guides prepare the evening 
meal sightseers visit the famous Yoho 
Canon close by. 

At this point a permanent camp is 
maintained by the C.P.R., thus saving the 
tourists the trouble and expense of trans- 
porting blankets and cook equipment. 

The second day is spent in different 
ways. Many are content with viewing the 
great Wapta glacier from the Look-off 
points ; but to see this region to advan- 



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2o6 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



tage, I would counsel ollierwisc. A day 
spent explornig in the neighbourhood of the 
glacier and in ascending Yoho.Peak will 
more than repay the time and trouble. 

To climl) Yoho Peak has been the ex- 
ception rather than the rule, and for that 
reason a few words regardinf; il may not 
be amiss. 

Yoho Peak (9300 feet) rises to the 
west of the Wapta glacier, and is only 
about 3000 feet above it. To speak of its 
being a "climb" would give an erroneous 
impression,— it is only a wallK, and does 
not require the service? of a guide to any 
one, who has even a slight acquamitance 
with mountains. Few, even of the higher 
mountains, present such a splendid pano- 
rama. Standing, isolated almost, from its 
,o sJCE^d isauij dm JO \xe axivmi luuuins 
the Canadian Rockies are visible, while in 
every direction spreads out the great Wap- 
utehk ice-field, estimated to have an area 
four times as great as all the ice fields of 
Switzerland. 

The return from Laughing Falls camp 
is made over the Upper Yoho trail, which 
runs along the side of the Emerald Range 
at timber line, passing the famous 
"Fleuve" on Twin Falls Creek, and the 
Twin Falls, and many small lakes to I p- 



per Look-off. !Many have tried to describe 
the view from this point but I know o£ 
none who have succeeded. Lady Minto, af- 
ter viewing it turned to me and said: " I 
have seen the grandeur of Switzerland but 
I must say that Canada has a mountain 
country on an infinitely grander scale." 
The trail fro:ii T'pper Look-off descends 
rapully to .Summit Lake. 

Many prefer now returning to Emerald 
Lake Chalet, while others prefer the Bur- 
gess Pass trail to Field. This trail fal- 
lows the west side of Mounts Wapta and 
Field at, or above timber line until the 
summit of Burgess Pass (between Mounts 
Field and Burgess) is reached and then 
descends into the Kicking Horse Valley to 
the Mt. Stephen House. 

Thus it will bt seen that it takes at 
least three days to see the valley. Some 
do it in two da.vs by continuous riding. 
They are usually of that class who "do" 
things just so they can say they have 
"done" them. Those, who have but one 
day to spare, by going to Emerald Lake 
in the evening, can get as far as the Look- 
ofT and to Field the next day. These people 
usually come the next year prepared to, 
spend a week or more and bring many 
others with them. 



-♦-♦-♦■ 



The Sportsman's Dog. 

Bv V.V) V. H.AHKkLlUM, aiiihor '■ I'he .Amaieur I'Miner." 



To possess one or a brace of thorough- 
ly Iraitied bird dogs is the ambition of ev- 
ery field sportsman. How many of your 
acquaintances arc the possessors of such a 
brace ? But few, very few indeed ! A well 
trained dog, endowed with the necessary 
natural qualities for a first class fielder, 
commands a price— a sum which cannot 
usually be expended by the average sports- 
man. Many are the disappointments, also, 
-X.) o\\!A U3Uis).iods-.\\oi[0} siioiuu.i.kIuii jo 
pend large sums for so-called broken dogs 
in the expectation of obtaining an excep- 
tionally fine worker. These dogs probably 
may be useful, when handled by their 
trainer, who through constant association 
during the course of training, became ac- 
([uainted with the dogs' peculiarities and 
capabilities, and is, therefore, able to en- 
force implicit obedience and to obtain 
work of the highest order of which such 



dogs are capable, but with the amateur 
they are oftentimes useless. The moral is 
don't be an amateur. 

The time is now at hand when prelimi- 
nary training should be begun. If you have 
a puppy on hand which you expect to put 
into the field next season, do not tall Into 
the error of believing that nothing need be 
done with the youngster until the open 
season on gamp birds shall have arrived. 
The supposition, that to become the pos- 
sessor of a fine tield dog the only requi- 
site is to procure a puppy of some noted 
strain of bird dogs, and after it has reach- 
ed the proper age that it can be taken a- 
field, hunlcd, and shot over with pleasure, 
;s an illusion. The' dog inherits natural 
qualities— nose, speed, hunting proclivities 
etc., hut not many of the accomplishments 
3f its progenitors, acquired ti.v judicious 
traini[ig arc inherited, and. therefore, all 



ROD AND GUN IN lANADA 



20J 



such accomplishments as are desired must 
be taught to each and every individual dog. 

The training of a bird dog is not such 
a difficult matter as is usually supposed, 
but the amateur trainer must pro.eea sys- 
tematically to be successful, and if pur- 
sued in methodical, not accidental, man- 
ner, the supposed task of training a (iog 
■will be found as pleasurable an undertak- 
ing as, later on, the sport afield itself. 

So dog should be taken afield and ex- 
pected to work satisfactorily before hav- 
ing had a reasonable course in yard train- 
ing — understand simple orders, be obedient, 
and under nice control. Half an hour 
daily devoted to a puppy at home will 
Ti'ork wonders but it would be a waste of 
time to engage with the youngster in any 
frolic, such as rolling a ball for him to 
jhase and fetch in a playful way, learning 
a few tricks that are in no way applicable 
in real work afield ; or, perhaps cowing the 
puppy by endeavoring to beat an "educa- 
tion" into him while the dog does not und- 
erstand what is wanted. Proper yard 
training — systematic and calculated in ev- 
ery detail to become applicable in actual 
work afield — is the most essential part of 
a dog's training, for upon that is oased 
the ultimate utility of a dog subservient 
.'o the gun. 

'What is worth doing at all is worth 
doing well," hence training of the dog 
should be conducted systematically from 
ihe start, a specific cc»rse selected and 
adhered to with the one object in view — 
training subservient to the gun afield. 
From lack of proper training the majority 
of dogs taken afield are practically unfit 
to be shot over. A dog of the most ap- 
proved bleeding, possessed of all necessary 
natural qualities without the requisite 
training, must necessarily be a source of 
annoyance to such an extent as to rob the 
shooter of the enjoyment anticipated. 

In order to have your youngster ready 
for the field in due time, I advise begin- 
ning at this time of year. Vou should not 
fear the task ; it will be found a pleasure 
instead. By conducting the work system- 
atically and in a good natured and com- 
mon sense way patience will be supplied 
the amateur trainer by the pleasures de- 
rived as the pupil progresses step by step 
to the. admiration of his master. 



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Publisher of Rod & Gun in Canada 

Woodstock, Ont. 



2o8 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Montreal Do^ Show. 



liy 1). IAS l.UK. 



The show held under the auspices of the 
Montreal Canine Association in A\\t end of 
Mav last, will stand as a record one, in 
several respects, for some time to come. 
Not only were the entries aheaxi of any 
show held heretofore, but the number of 
dogs benched far exceeded the previous re- 
cord. A comparison with 190-1, when there 
were 800 entries and 285 dogs, shows an 
increase of 142 dogs and 201 entries, the 
totals for this year being 427 dogs a)id 
1.100 entries. Again, the show this year 
was a financial success, and the committee 
are shaking hands with themselves accord- 
ingly. Hitherto there have always been de- 
ficits, and the announcement that thi's year 
there is a respectable sum to the good, af- 
ter discharging all indebtedness, will prove 
very gratifying to the general membership. 
Throughout the four days the public pat- 
ronized the show in considerable number, 
and the committee have nothing to com- 
plain of on this score. 

Another gratifying feature was the w,iy 
in which the show was conducted, and Air. 
J. R. Innes, the popular secretary, who al- 
so officiated as superintendent on the oc- 
casion, has been the recipient of many bo- 
quets for his excellent management and un- 
failmg courtesy to exhibitors and visitors 
alike. He was greatly assisted in his ard- 
uous duties by several willing workers 
among the pommittee, the most conspic- 
uous of whom were: Messrs. Joseph A. 
Laurin, president; John A. Pitt, vice- 
president; W. Ormiston Roy, Joseph Reid, 
A. H. Hersey, J. A. Brosseau, C. B. Hart, 
E. Outhet, Jas. Lindsay, F. E. Stuart, R. 
C. Binning, E. S. Ostell, Dr. J. H. S. 
Nichol and others, who acted in the cap- 
acity of stewards and kept the judging 
rings well supplied, this greatly forward- 
ing the work of the judges. 

The inducements of the premium list 
were not sufficient to draw many exhibit- 
ors from a distance, and there was an el- 
ement of disappointment in the fact that 
so few dogs outside of Montreal and dis- 
trict were shown. Howxver, Montreal has 
made surprising strides within the past five 
or six years in the quality and number of 



dogs kept by local fanciers and particular- 
ly in the matter of collies and Airedales, 
it is able to make a show itself. The two 
breeds mentioned are very strong on the 
Island of Montreal and as far as quality 
is concerned equal to anything to be found 
anywhere on the continent of America. 
This is saying a good deal, yet it is liter- 
ally true as anyone will readily acknow- 
ledge who saw the great display of the 
Coila Kennels in the former breed and of 
the Colne Airedale Kennels in the latter. 
In the sporting classes .there was an ex- 
hibit of pointers and setters the like of 
which is seldom seen even at shows of 
greater pretentions. 

The handsomely decorated benches ■ con- 
taining Mr. E. Outhet's exhibit of pointers 
and English setters was a favorite stop- 
ping place for visitors, while the veteran 
breeder, Mr. J. F. Campbell, showed some 
really fine quality pointers and setters 
(English and Irish) which were also great- 
ly admired. In the latter breed— IrKh set- 
ters—he was rather unfortunate in getting 
only second place with Ch. Royal Grand. 
The decision was open to question, but 
there it was, and like the good sports- 
man he is, Mr. Campbell took his beating 
Riithout a murmur. 

Before going any further I would like 
to say a word about the all-round judge, 
Mr. Donald Munro, of Allamuchty, N. J., 
upon whose shoulders the arduous work 
fell of reviewing all classes except toy 
logs. It is scarcely sufficient to say that 
he performed his work W'ell and that he 
pave general satisfaction. Mr. Munro's 
strong point is terriers and among this 
breed he is quite at home, but his many 
friends were agreeably surprised at the 
promptness with which he gave his decis- 
ions in other breeds of which it was rea- 
sonably supposed! he had not feuch an in- 
timate knowledge, and although he was 
quick at his work, he was anything but 
superficial and none of the good points of 
a dog were lost on him, while any defic- 
iency in the "n\ake-up" was readily de- 
tected. Of course he made a few mistakes 
in the eyes of specialists, but these were 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



209 



readily condoned in the general excellence 
of his work. Of the lady judges, Mrs. 
John A. Pitt and Miss Holmes-Orr, noth- 
ing less than compliments would be in or- 
der. However it is only the bare truth to 
say that both deserved the warm expres- 
sions of praise which greeted them at the 
conclusion of their task. Mrs. Pitt had ex- 
perience in the judging ring before this oc- 
casion and was therefore perfectly at home; 
this lady is an admitted expert on toy 
dogs and she gave her awards correctly, 
although in Yorkshires and toy spaniels 
it was not an easy task, as the classes 
were large and those at the top pretty 
even. Miss Holmes-Orr only had Pomeran- 
ians to pass upon and they were few in 
number. 

Among the big dogs St. IJe-nards was 
the strongest feature n regard to n.rn- 
bers, but the quality was not up to what 
has been seen at former shows, and indeed 
some of them had little reason to be class- 
ed amongst the noble breed. There were 
only four Newfoundlands shown, the best 
of them undoubtedly being W. Nichols' 
Nigger; this exhi'bitor also showed a rath- 
er nice bitch. Black Princess, but T. De 
Roche's Terra Xova, which won first in 
limit was given second place in open. 

Great Danes, Russian Wolfhounds and 
Deerhounds were almost a blank, there be- 
ing only two of the first named, one of the 
second and two of the third. Greyhounds 
Kere also poorly represented, and in Eng- 
lish Foxhounds the Montreal Hunt were 
the only kennels showing; they had four 
grand specimens of the breed, which on 
the score of quality and conformation were 
all that could be desired. 

In pointers Ed. Outhet's kennels came 
in for principal honors, he was first in 
novice, with Snipe, a very promising young 
dog and first in open with Devonshire Max- 
im, winning also Mr. D. Robertson's cup for 
the best pointer; in the female classes he 
won lirsl novice, limit and open with 
Stubhs Ruth, a very handsome, clean cut 
hitch with a future before her. 

In English setters, Mr. J. F. Campbell 
figured prominently in the prize list. HJs 
winnings were: first novice. Sir Roger; 
second limit and third open. Rex F.; first 
novice, limit and open, Winona. Hibbard 



* Westover's Rodfield Thiers and H. H. 
Wooten's Sutton Bov were first and second 
respectively in the open class for dogs. 

Irish Setters on the whole were a very 
level class, and it was not surprising that 
Mr. Munro mixed things a little. The bit^ 
ches were slightly better than the dogs 
taken all round, the condition of some of 
the former not being all that could be 
wished. Among the latter H. H. Wooten's 
Red Feather, A. Trudeau's Venus and H. 
H. Curtis' ch. St. Lambert Kathleen were 
unmistakably the best. In dogs R. E. Mc- 
Dougall's Royal Monk won over ch. Royal 
Grand. 

There was only one Gordon Setter en- 
tered, but she was a beauty, although, 
having just come of! a vessel after a voy- 
age from Glasgow, it could not be expect- 
ed that she would look her best. She was 
imported by Mr. Joseph A. Laurin and 
came from the kennels of the well-known' 
Scottish breeder of sporting dogs, Robt. 
Chapman. She has a fine flat coat, glossy 
plum black in color, with clearly defined 
rich dark mahogany tan markings, very 
symmetrical in shape and a head fully up to 
the requirements of the modern standard. 
She is expected to whelp shortly, having 
been bred before her departure from Scot- 
land to one of the best sires. 

Irish Water Spaniels though few in num- 
ber were altogether very good specimens 
of the breed which, though not very pop- 
ular, are an exceedingly useful dog. As an 
Aberdeen fisherwoman once described them, 
they are "bonnie wi' ill-faurdnessj' . and 
this in some measure may account for 
their apparent unpopularity. Ripple, 
shown by the Dunbarton Kennels, Ottav,'a, 
proved the winner, with Roscommon Jack, 
owned by the Rev. Arthur French, a good 
second. 

Cocker Spaniels was one of the best ex- 
hibits in the show and uniformiUy in qual- 
ity was such that it proved one of th& 
hard nuts that Mr. Munro had to crack. 
A nice red puppy, Island Prime, owned by 
Miss Violet Kerr was the winner in the 
puppy class for dogs of any color, repeat- 
ing its success in novice, limit and win- 
ners. The bitches were more numerous 
than the dogs and also had the advantage 
otherwise. Mr. H. X. Gardiner, ,'f Lyn, 



210 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Ontario, who by the way is a true sports- 
man and shows his dogs for the glory 
there is in it, liad a nice lot of four ent- 
ered in the puppy class, and Darcey & 
Moore, of Ottawa, two, the 'hlup I'lbmi 
going to the latter's Judy, and second 
place to Mr. Gardiner's Katie, ^ir. I" .\ 
Armstrong, of Ottawa, carried off the hon- 
ors in the open classes both black and red, 
liowever, and his wins were well deserved 
and quite in accordance with the merits of 
the dogs. In Ottawa Jessie and Ottawa 
Nellie he owns an exceptionally fine pair 
that will stand a good show of winning in 
the best of company. Fitter Patter Flos- 
sie, a local bitch of good quality, belong- 
ing to Mrs. F. E. Stuart, was reserve to 
Nellie in the class for any color other than 
black. 

Collies were the great feature of the 
show and attracted more attention than 
•any other section. The splendid exhibit 
on the tastefully decorated benches of the 
Coila Kennels was largely accountable for 
the interest shown in this breed, and it is 
quite within the mark to say that never be- 
fore in Canada have so many dogs of such 
hi'gh quality belonging to one exhibitor 
been shown at one time; at the same time 
there were many other dogs of nearly 
equal excellence which must be passed over 
even without mention, owing to the re- 
strictions of space. The classes were all 
large and the judge had a hard proposi- 
tion to solve in placing the ribbons cor- 
rectly, and it must be admitted by those 
who know a collie that, taking all the dif- 
ficulties into consideration, he succeeded 
remarkably well. Leaving out the Coila 
Kennels dogs, whreh outside of the puppy 
and novice dog classes were one, two and 
three, there were several others that 
would have stood out prominently in ordi- 
nary company. Chief among these were W. 
J. King's Rolb, a fine racy dog with good 
head and car qualities ; Joseph Reid's 
Earl Grey, Garrett Hill's Defender, Miss 
L. Anderson's LacoUe Prince, Tom Rod- 
da's (Toronto) Dominion Duke and oth- 
ers. The females were quite on a par with 
the males as to general excellence, their 
worst fault being a lack of coat in some 
instances. One which suffered greatly in 
this respect was Garrett Hill's Cinderella 
which otherwise would have taken u bet- 



cars, fine dark eye and sweet expression, 
but was woefully out of coat. Indeed it 
was almost a pity that she was shown 
in such condition; however she won in the 
tri-color classfH, and as she i.< quite young 
the future is yet before her. The winner 
In the puppy class was Jos. Reid's Lady 
Grey, a dog of excellent nuality, if a lit- 
tle coarse, and with the "laking of a good 
brood bitch. Garrett Hill's Newport 
(Jueen and R. C. Binninr's Cairngorm Rose 
were second and third respectively. The 
winner in novice, limit, open and winners 




i.fCY Gi.iTTKKS, HOW Cairiigomi Duchess. 

A Winner in .ill her classess at ihe Montreal Sliow. 



was a bitch from Ottawa, Lucy Glitters, 
an animal w/ith an exceptionally fine head 
and excellent ear carriage, heavy bone, 
yet very symmetrical. Taking her all round 
she was well worthy of first place. I und- 
erstand slie has since been purchased by Mr. 
R. C. Binning, and will hereafter be known 
as Cairngorm Duchess. Another fine qual- 
ity female was W. McGlashan's Sheila 
which also suffered by comparison through 
deficiency in coat. In the classes for Am- 
erican bred dogs Joseph Reid's Logan's 
Earl won handily; he also won the hand- 
some "Reid Challenge Trophy" of the Can- 
adian Collie Club. Notwithstanding that 
Earl is well up in years he still retains 
all the good qualities which has made him 
in the past victor in many a close contest, 
and he may still be classed as one of the 
host dogs ever bred in Canada. Ch. Bal- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



21 t 



moral Baron aiid Balmoral Rex from the 
ter -position. She has a beauttfully-shaped 
head, correctly carried and well placed 
Coila Kennels are two of the best collies 
in existence today. They are so closely 
matched physically and in head, eye and 
ear properties that the least differenice in 
condition will influence a decision. They 
have been pitted against each other on 
different occasions and have see-sawed for 
top place, the result on this occasion being 
that Rex was put first, also winning Lord 
Strathcona's $125 cup for the best speci- 




the Colne Kennels, and the tasteful man- 
ner in which their stalls were decorated 
helping greatly to attract attention to the 
breed. "Auchcairnie" had his dogs in the 
pink of condition and it was scarcely to 
be wondered that he carried off the lion's 
share of the awards, though in the dog 
classes A. F. Stonor's Colne Tyke, a grand 
dog sired by ch. Colne Lucky Baldwin ex- 
Colne Mistress, got first in open and win- 
ners. He fully merited first place, as he 
R'as in superb condition and is a grand 
shower. Lucky Baldwin competed for spe- 
cials only. In the female classes the Colne 
Kennels was first in ipuppies with Mistress 
Briar ; first in limit with Colne Consort, 
ami first in puppies with Mistress Briar ; 



LOGAN S EARL. 

Winner of Best American Bred and Canadian Collie 
Club Reid Challenge Cup. 

men of any breed and the Henry Birks' 
cup for the same. In conjunction with 
Baron he won the J. Cochrane Cup for the 
best brace and the same kennels also won 
the S. Coulson cup for the best team of 
four. Of recent years Montreal has been 
a great stronghold for collies and it is a 
safe prediction to say that with the help 
of some importations since the show was 
held it will maintain its supremacy for 
some time to come. 

Bull dogs, 'bull terriers and Boston ter- 
riers were very fairly represented, espec- 
ially the two first mentioned. 

Airedales were another strong feature of 
the show, the fine entry of sixteen from 




CH. BALMORAL B.VKOX ^i B.\LMORAL REX 

kex won the Lord Stralhcona Cups for the Best Dog 

of any breed entered by a resident of P. C) , and 

the pair together won the Cochrane Cup 

for the best brace any breed. 

first in limit with Colne Consort, and first 
in open with Nut Brown Maiden. Mr. Ston- 
or took second puppy and first noVice with 
Lowland Lass, another product of the 
Colne Kennels. 

Fox Terriers (smooth and wire) were 
both numerous and of good quality ; in 
fact it was the best exhibit of the fox 
terrier ever seen in Montreal and the judg- 
ing of the classes created very great in- 
terest, from the fact of Mr. Munro's 
known "partiality for the terrier. In 
smooths Miss Nora Y^. Lindsay, Miss Ead- 
ie, Miss Hazel Kellie, Mr. Egloff and Mr. 
McCallum were the principal winners, while 
in wire-haired Miss Eadie's Make-Up, a 
handsome Matchmaker puppy, won, and 
Miss Muriel Bond's Ruffian, a corking good 
terrier by the same sire, was the runner 
up. Donnington Vixen, a rare good one 
from the Limefield Kennels, won through, 



212 



ROD AND CUN //^ CANADA 



with Mi. Thos. Moore's Donnington Viper 
a close second. 

Irish Terriers had a good representation, 
the principal exhihitors being the Driim- 
clamph Kennels, Dr. W. H. Drummond and 
E. S. Ostell. The kennels has a very nice 
bitch in Red Caprice while Mr. E. S. Os- 
tell's Bridget, if on the small side, his 
good quality all through and >icli ci-lor. 

Scottish Terriers seem to I'e ^lOA^ing m 
favor here and not without reison lor a 
hardier dog or better companion 'ors not 
exist. Mrs. R. A. Cameron has a ■• -^ry r. cp 
puppy by the late Reel o' TuUoch in Kilty 
which won in the only classes •:'ntered, 
puppy and novice, also a good maiden in 
.'Vnnie Laurie, which won first puppy and 
second novice. The best of the lot, hrw- 
ever, was a new importation by "Mr. Stcn- 
or, Mendip Frock, which won novice, jimit, 
open and winners. 

In Black and Tan terriers (Manchester ) 



Krank Montgomery of Ottawa, whom no- 
body seems to be able to down in this 
breed, was the principal winner. 

There was a good collection of toy 
dogs, including toy spaniels, Yorkshire ter- 
riers, Pomeranians and pugs, which were 
a source of interest to ladies and chil- 
dren. Two specimens of a French breed of 
sporting dog called Griffon Kprthalls, were 
on exhibition and attracted much atten- 
tion from their peculiar color and appear- 
ance. They have a plentiful coat all c)ver 
of rough chocolate colored hair mi.xed 
with grey. 

The illustrations accompanying this ar- 
ticle are Ch. Balmoral Baron and Balmoral 
Hex, Logan's Earl, and Lucy Glitters 
(collies) and Devonshire Maxim, a typical 
pointer dog. Unfortunately the photograph 
of the first two mentioned was a very poor 
one and does not do the dogs anything like 
justice, but it is the best obtainable at the 
time. 



Amon^ the Pointers. 



Kv 'l-ANCY.' 



One of Montreal's best known sports- 
men is Mr. Ed. Outhet, of 373 Mance St. 
He was for a number of years 
actively associated with diftcrent branches 
of athletics, but of late has devoted all his 
spare time to the breeding of that popular 
sporting dog the pointer. Mr. Outhet's in 
terest in the pointer is the natural out- 
tome of his fondness for the gun, and he 
aims at producing a better class of dog 
for practical work in the field as well as 
for show purposes. 

A numbei ol years age it was a rar(^ 
thing to find more than a couple of en 
tries or so in the pointer classes at our 
bench shows, but now they are well filled, 
being in fact one of the strongest breeds 
we have. Much of the credit for this state 
of affairs is due to Mr. Outhet, for not 
only has he worked energetically and wise- 
ly to improve the pointer breed, but he has 
succeeded in inducing others to take an in- 
terest in this beautiful and useful dog. 

At the head of Mr. Outhet's kennel is 
Ch. Devonshire Maxim. Very little can be 



said of this grand big dog that is not al- 
ready known. Several competent judges 
rlaim that he is the best pointer in Amer- 
ica today. He was imported over a year 
ago, and since entering on his show career 
in America he has won ribbons and spe- 
cials at such shows as New York, Boston, 
Buffalo, Rochester, New Bedford, Burling- 
ton, JMontrcal, Toronto, Ottawa and Sher- 
brooke, besides having previously won 
many prizes in England. He is thoroughly 
broken, and has been heavily shot over in 
England, Scotland and Ireland, many Old 
Country gentlemen certifying to his good 
work in the field, while his present owner 
had several days excellent sport with him 
last fall on partridge and snipe. On this 
occasion his work was entirely satisfac- 
tory, being docile and obedient to the 
word of command. '.•\s a stud dog he Is a 
money-maker, and his services as such have 
been in request from many parts of the 
States. For those who have never seen 
Maxim I will try and give a brief descrip- 
tion. He is a dark liver and white, nicely 



ROD AND GUN hV CANADA 



213 



marked, as his photo on another page will 
show, and weighs when in show condition 
66 pounds. His head is the true English 
pointer head, with a pronounced stop and 
grand square muzzle, a fine dark eye and 
lovely body and stern, symmetrical all 
over in fact and a most attractive dog to 
look at. In legs and feet he cannot be sur- 
passed and has more bone than any pointer 
on the bench today. 

The next dog we come to is Stubbs' 
Ruth, .who won through from novice to 
T'inner.s at last Montreal show. At present 
she is in whelp to Maxim, but still shows 
the good dog she is ; very prettily mark- 



triever. lie proved his capacity for work 
when only eight months old, having, at a 
liVe pigeon shoot, brought in sixty-seven 
birds. He is well bred and is also a nice- 
looking dog. 

Mr. Outhet has just completed negotia- 
tions with Mr. W. J. Meredith, of Tan- 
draqu, Ireland, a pointer breeder of prom- 
inence, for the purchase of two more val- 
uable specimens, and they will arrive in 
this country about the 1st of August, and 
Ti'ill be shown for the first time in Ameri- 
ca at Toronto in September. These are 
Ch. Cautious and Crosshaven Bang. The 
first mentioned won her championship on 




DEVONSHIRE MAXIJI. 
The Property of Mr. Ed. Outhet — a big winner in England and America. 



ed, as she is ticked all over. Her breeding 
includes such champions as Bessie Bang II, 
King of Kent, King of Lynn, Beaufort, 
Sensation, etc., all dogs well known to the 
pointer fancy. She was purchased from Mr. 
Geo. B. Walton, Montpclier, Vt., a well- 
known breeder and one time owner of Ch. 
Bessie Bang II. 

The next one we come to is Snipe, and 
as he is the first dog that Mr. Outhet 
raised he sets considerable store by him; 
indeed he would not think of parting with 
him on any consideration, as he is quite 
the pet of the family. Although a pet he 
is a thorough workman and a splendid re- 



the bench in England, and besides being a 
perfect show dog is also a grand worker, 
having been thoroughly trained for field 
trials. Crosshaven Bang is only a young 
dog, of exceptional breeding, but has never 
been shown, neither is he broken. From all 
accounts he will socu make a reputation 
for himself on this side of the water. 

The next few months will see this well- 
selected kennels at its best, and I feel 
confident that any pointer man visiting 
them will be amply repaid from the plea- 
sure he will experience in looking over as 
fine a lot of pointers as can be seen in 
America. 




214 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



r 



With the ©amera 

A Jhjiiirtini'nt iterated to the Interests of the users of Cii merits anil Photo(/raphic ManiptUations- 
Queries will lie answered throuf/h tln-se rolnmns 

Adttress all Communications, etc,, to— 

FHO roORA PllK • DEFA HTM EST. 

Hod and dttn in Canada, Woodstock, Ont 

Conducted by J- Ernest Hounsom. 



The Camera lias become a very widely used mslmmeiit arid irom the modest 
one dollar article to that worth over one hundred dollars they all have there devo- 
tees. 

A large percentage of the holiday visitors in our city and town streets invaria- 
bly carry a camera and the users of the clmera vary in their knowledge of their in- 
strument and the manipulations of photography from the one who "snaps" and lets 
someone else "do the rest" and the one versed in camera technicalties and developer 
and plate manipulations. 

It is not to be denied that there is real enjoyment in the work, especially to 
the one travelling among new scenes and taking home mementos of a holiday outing, 
giving profit and pleasure to "stay at homes" in the productions of the camera. 

The camera is a good friend. 



An Amateur's Enlarging Apparatus. 



I'.v .\. E. k.-\isi;k. 



It is invariably the desire of every de- 
votee of the camera to have. one capable 
of producing a large picture. It is espec- 
ially so with those having a camera 
smaller than 4x5 and not uncommon with 
the owners ofa4x5or5x7. Our de- 
sires find themselves put into words when 
we see a large print made by some of our 
friends who own a large camera, and the 
subject especially appeals to us. We, every 
one of us, have a few pet pictures, which 
we would like very much to have larger, 
but our camera is small. Our print must 
be small, and there we often end, for the 
price of a 8 s 10 camera is, to most of 
us, rather formidable, besides it has the 
disadvantage of being cumbersome and ex- 
pensive to operate. 1 wish to say right 
here that any camera with double lens. 
giving a sharp negative will also give you 
an enlargement, which will be completely 
satisfying both as to size and detail. 

By following the ideas set forth in the 
accompanying drawings, an enlarging ap- 
paratus can be manufactured, which should 
not cost over $1.00. I, myself have made 
and used one most successfully, and I find 



it more satisfactory than any I have tried 
to imitate from the numerous test books 
on the subject that are offered for sale. 
One of the most important features of the 
apparatus, herein described, is that ob- 
struction of the rays of light is not in the 
least detrimental to success. In all des- 
criptions and instructions I have hitherto 
read, you are distinctly told to have an 
unobstructed light, preferably from the 
north. My apparatus is situated in the 
cellar for several reasons— (1) I have no 
place else to put it. (2) It was near my 
dark room. (3) The windows being small, 
the light could be more easily exeluded. 

Figure 1. is of the outside of the cel- 
lar door, with a box (A) fifteen inches 
square, placed over an opening (B) cut 
in the door, about two inches larger each 
way than the largest negative to be used. 
The box is held in position by va cleat (C) 
the full width of the box and projecting 
about two inches. It is further secured 
by an ordinary hook at the centre of the 
top. In the open end (D) of the box is 
placed a piece of prism glass and in this 
lies the whole secret of your light, as it 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



215 




2l6 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



reflects and at the same time diffuses it 
most satisfactorily. The glass is the same 
as is now in general use and any hard- 
ware dealer can supply you. It's cost is 
about 50c a square Joot. The smooth side 
is placed to the inside of the 'box, and the 
rough side which is formed similar to fig- 
ure 4. is placed with the points of the cor- 
rugations pointing upward. The inside of 
the box must be painted white and it 
should be taken down and put inside when 
not in use. 

Figure 2. shows the inside of the cellar 
door with apparatus attached (except cam- 
era). (AA) are cleats. (B) negative hold- 
er. (C) face board with shelf to support 
camera when placed with back to opening 
(D). (E) shows projecting screen inside 
of the cellar. The cleats (AA) are one 
inch square and the di'stance apart wall be- 
pend on the size of camera used. The neg- 
ative holder ,(B) is one-half inch thick, and 
about two inches wider on each side of the 
negative opening, than that opening and 
about four inches narrower than tne dis- 
tance between cleats (AA). Face board 
(C) is one-half inch thick and has an op- 
ening a little smaller than the camera, 
•when the back is removed. The shelf must 
be placed so that when the camera is on 
it, it will be exactly in front of the open- 
ing (D). The negative holder (B) and 
face board (C) will fit into space between 
cleats (AA) and can be fustened 'by two 
buttons. The object of having the negative 
holder as it is, is to allow parts of nega- 
tives to be used where the whole is not 
wanted, and in this way, the desired part 
can be brought to the centre of the cam- 
era. 

Figure 3. is a sectional view of the ap- 
paratus, set up ready for work. (A) box. 
(B) cleat supporting box. (C) cellar door. 
(D) opening in door. (K) negative hold- 
er. (F) opening to receive negative. (G) 
face board with shelf. (H) camera. (II) 
cleats. 

You will need two trays for developing 
and finishing, of whatever size you wish 
to make enlargements. Cheap and service- 
able ones can be made by making boxes of 
thin lumber about one and a half inches 
deep and lining them with white oilcloth. 
In papers, we have a number to choose 



from. Several of them work best with Ed- 
inol developer, which can be procured from 
any large drug store or photo supply 
house. 

Negatives, Pyro developed, give the 
best results, as the pyro. stain gives more 
contrast. However a piece of light brown 
glass, can be used if placed in front of, 
and in contact with, the negative. As a 
reader of Rod <t Gun, and a devotee of 
both sports, I have pictures taken on my 
outings with them that would lose half 
their value, could I not reproduce them in 
enlarged form. 

In conclusion I will say, that should 
anyone undertake the construction of such 
an apparatus, as I have tried to explain, 
and not meet with success, I will be only 
too glad to help him out, if he will com- 
municate with me. 

(Negatives for enlarging should abound 
in detail and lean toward the tliin side 
and have perfectly clear glass— care is 
needed to produce such a negative with 
jiyro developer — Ed.) 

SPECIALIZING. 

The charge is often made that among 
the great army of plate and film users, or 
"wasters", not one in twenty or even fif- 
ty shows any desire to improve his or her 
work. 

There is an apparent contentment in go- 
ing along snapping at anything and every- 
thjing and even desiring to use up the last 
two or three plates or films in order to 
get to the work of development. \Yith 
some the cost seems great and the results 
of very little interest and they quit. With 
others tiring of random work they turn to 
the more serious side, but fail to get sat- 
isfaction. 

May lie there is a remedy for this in 
"siH'iializing". This may sound like thought 
and work to some but "what is worth do- 
ing is worth doing well". Some are al- 
ready in the field but there is plenty of 
room. 

.Some of our most successful portrait 
photographers were bpginners once and 
were amateur members of camera clubs 
and they specialized in portraiture and af- 
ter a while took it up as a profession and 
went to the front of their profession. Pos- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



217 



sibly your tastes run in this direction; if 
so. cultivate this line of work. 

How few really good photographers of 
animals there are 7 his is a field that 
calls for plenty of patience but study and 
practice of posing and lighting and pract-. 
ical work along that line may develop to 
greater things than you have thought of. 

Landscapes are perhaps the most sought 
after. The walls of our exhibitions show a 
large percentage of them and to get any- 
where near the front one's work has to be 
up to a pretty good standard. 

Figure studies are not so numerous' 
hut figure studies usually carry off the med- 
als and prizes at our exhibitions. Here is 
a field for improvement and there is plenty 
of room. It offers a wide field of origin- 
ality and there are but few workers as yet 
who can "carry out" the posing, lighting 
and arrangement of good figure studies 
so that there is no trace of "make ui/' 
or self consciousness. There is too, a great 
demand on the part of advertisers nowa- 
days for figure studies. .One need only look 
over the advertisements in our magazines 
to realize that, .{ind successril woriv in rli.it 
line brings very faie remuneration. One 
need not look far afield for material. At 
one's very doors, during vacati'iu, ia Ihe 
camp, in the stream, opportunities wilh- 
out nimibei present the:nsolves. Waicr- 
scapes, rivers, streams, falls and la'.v3s in 
some cases difficult subjects to successfully 
handle but more than possible to the care- 
ful worker. 

Flowers, cultivated and wild, and v. hat 
pleasing results can be obtained. 

Architecture, exterior and interior, 
photography of hirds and their nests and 
a number of other branches, ofter plenty of 
fields to one who is tired of random work. 

IN THE DARK ROOM. 

The larger your dark room the better, 
but amateurs have not, as a rule, much 
choice and if they had a regular dark 
room of any size they feel thepiselves 
fortunate. 

Here is where order should prevail— it 
should be dusted out occasionally, not by 
fii'cking the dust around to settle again 
but by taking a damp cloth and going ov- 
er i't carefully. 



There should be orderly arrangement of 
all bottles. If you mix your own develop- 
ers it is a good idea to have the bottles 
of different shape, for instance: soda can 
be kept in, say, a round bottle and the de- 
veloper itself in a square one, or if a one 
solution developer is used, different devel- 
opers may have different shaped or sized 
bottles. 

.\11 bottles should be plainly labelled 
and when pouring from same if the label 
side is held upward, the labels, are more 
likely to last as they will escape the drip- 
pings from the neck of the bottle. 

Pinholes and other marks are frequent- 
ly caused by dust settling on the plate. 
Some recommend dusting plates but the 
way some plates are packed in fours, fa<ce 
to face, carefully handling from box to 
holder in a clean dark room, should do 
away with any necessity for dusting which 
very often means the raising of dust to 
settle on the plate supposed to be dusted. 
Remember that warm developers work 
more quickly and are liable to produce fog 
and stain. Now warm weather is here this 
should be carefully allowed for and the de- 
veloper kept at about 6.5 deg. Never add any 
thing to the developer while it is in the 
tray can be covered up and slightly rocked 
the glass first. 

During development it is well to allow 
as little light as possible to get to the 
plate— after pouring on the deVeloper the 
tray can be covered up and slightly rocked 
for a minute or so, unless you have rea- 
son to think it is in need of special atten- 
tion through suspected over-exposure, etc. 
Some plates are covered with brown 
paper and then with wax paper- 
keep the latter— it comes m handy for sev- 
eral things— in mounting photographs it is 
an excellent thing to place over the new- 
ly mounted print and so separate each 
card and protect both the mount anS 
print when under pressure. 

Those who have no regular dark room 
and are compelled to use, the bath-room 
or some other room as occasion offers, 
would do well to keep their solutions and 
plates in a portable cabinet which can be 
carried into the improvised dark room 
when any work is under way. 

A plate-lifter of some kind should be 



2l8 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



used, this Tvill prevent the fingers coming 
into contact with the film (often the cause 
of frilling) and will keep the fingers out 
of the developer. 

A dim light for developing is not the 
desideratum but a "safe" one is— a 
dim light that is not safe will cause 
trouble— plenty of a "safe" light will be 
alright. It is well to remember though 
that no light is absolutely "safe" and 
the less the plate is exposed to the light 
for some minutes at least, the better. 

BACKING, AND THE BACKING OK 
PLATES. 
To the beginner the idea to take ti^ie 
to smear a "messy" mixture on the 
back of a photographic dry plate, to wait 
for it to dry, and having exposed it, to 
have the work of sponging it oft again, is 
something if not incomprehensible, at least 
entirely unnecessary. But to an amateur 
who is not satisfied' until he knows the 
-why and wherefore of certain effects— ill ef- 
fects—he is quite willing to go to a little 
more trouble in order to overcome them. 
There is a certain trouble that photo- 
graphers en^'ounter known as halation. 
There is a spreading of the light notice- 
able around windows in interiors, branches 
and leaves of trees where light shines be- 
tween and white and light Wue dresses in 
figures covering nearly all fine detail. It 
is chiefly caused by the light going through 
the film to the back of the glass plate and 
being reflected back to the film again at a 
slightly different angle. Celluloid film be- 
ing so thin, reflection is brought down to 
a minimum and roll and other film do not 
show this trouble of halation. 

One way of overcoming it is by double- 
coating the plate, the glass is first coat- 
ed, usually with a slow emulsion and then 
with a rapid emulsion, the double emuls- 
ion preventing the rays of light from pierc- 
ing through to the back of the plate. 

However, double coated plates cost 
more money and one may wish to stick to 
his own particular brand. If that brand 
»s an "Ilford" or an "Imperial" he can 
purchase them already backed and save 
himself much time and vexation of spirit. 
The "Imperial" backing is quite easily re- 
moved with a damp sponge, the "Ilford" 
backing is slightly more tenacious. 



For the benefit of those who cannot 
purchase their favorite plate already back- 
ed we give a few backing formulas gather- 
ed from various sources. 

The essential things about a good back- 
ing are that it be easily put on, that it 
dry speedily and that it does not chip or 
rui) off. Backing should be in optical con- 
tact with the glass, therefore it is not 
suOicient to put a piece of black or red 
paper against the plate or insert the plate 
in the holder with plush or velvet behind 
it. 

One's own ingenuity can help him out 
and I have known amateurs to use ordin- 
ary shoe blacking with the addition of a 
little methylated spirit and glycerine. Care 
must be taken that it dries hard as any 
dust or chips from the backing coming 
off in the plate holder will form the means 
of "dust troubles '. 

Any number of formulas have been pub- 
lished from time to time and they are 
mostly based on the use of caramel. One 
ounce of caramel is mixed with five drams 
of water and three drams of methylated 
spirit, dissolved gum arable should be add- 
ed to this, pnough to bind the caramel 
a little ground lamp black or buxnt sienna 
can be added to the mixture. Insufficient 
spirit will cause it to dry slowly. 

A backing highly recommended by M. 
Balagny in the Bulletin of the French 
Photographic Society is made as follows; 
Four ounces of shellac, and six drachms of 
borax are boiled in eighteen ounces of wat- 
er till the shellac is dissolved, and to the 
cold solution is added thirty grains Sod- 
ium carbonate and one drachm of glycer- 
ine. To this solution is added sufficient of 
a mixture of equal parts of burnt sienna 
and dextrine to make it about the consis- 
tency of thick cream. It may be applied 
to the plate with a brush or on a piece of 
sponge and it will not scale of! or make 
dust on the film when dry, while it is eas- 
ily removed by a damp sponge. 

Some prefer the substitution of ammon- 
ium chloride for glycerine as it is not so 
likely to chip and peal when dry. the fol- 
lowing is a formula— lampblack 10 gr., yel- 
low dextrine lOO gr. chloride of ammonia 
6 gr. and water of a sufficiency for the 
necessary consistence. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



219 



The backing should be applied in the 
dark room and it is better to cover the 
plates during drying— some use a box made 
to carry a dozen or so plates in grooves, 
in which the plates are inserted after be- 
ing backed and as the closing of the lid 
makes the bos light tight other things may 
i)e attended to during drying. Be careful 
not to get any of the backing on the film 
side of the plate. 

While much has been written and could 
be written with regard to the advantages 
of backed plates, the quickest and surest 
way of conversion is for the amateur to 
test it for himself. Take out one or two 
plates backed according to above direc- 
tions and one or two plates unbacked- 
take a view, say, looking through the trees 
against a strong light and expose one back- 
ed and one unbacked plate, using the same 
stop and givrng the same exposure, others 
may be exposed on figures in light colour- 
ed garments. Develop each pair of plates 
in the same dish. We think you will find 
a great deal of difference in the resulting 
prints from negatives so produced and 
"backing" advantages will be clearly be- 
fore you. 

r. S. R., of Branlford says:— I have a 
4x5 camera with R. R. lens, -^^'ith which 
I have tried to copy a photograph same 
size as original but succeed in getting only 
a yery small picture on the 4x5 plate. 
I am told that I need a longer bellows on 
camera, if so is there any way I can make 
my present camera do. Ans. — Yes, you 
need longer bellows. To copy same size 
your lens should be an equal distance be- 
tween photograph and plate, consequently 
extra bellows length is needed. You can 
purchase a supplementary copying lens 
which will fit ovn- the lens and enable you 
to do the work. These may be purchased 
from the supply houses whose advertise- 
ments appear in our columns. Another 
method, but one needing more careful ad- 
justment, is the interposition of an ordin- 
ary magnify ing reading glass of good size 
between the lens and photograph to be cop- 
ied. 

Amateur, Hamilton; says:— Kindly give 
a formula for Edinol developer, for general 
purposes. Ans —Two solutions: (A) water 



34 oz., sodium sulphite (dis.) 150 grams 
(or double the quantity oi crystals) Edi- 
nol 30 grains. (B) water, 3i oz. sodium 
carbonate (dis ) 150 grams (or double of 
crystals). Take equal quantities for plat- 
es or films, with say, slightly more water 
\ oz. to 2 oz. of solution. If contrast is 
needed take more of A. than of B. 

Landscapeist, St. Catharines:— Wants to 
know whether plates are affected by heat 
or cold before exposing. Ans.— We presume 
the writer means whether the plate being 
hot or cold affects their rapidity or quali- 
ty of negative. While ordinary heat or 
cold does not appreciably affect plates wc 
have seen results of experiments by Eng- 
lish workers that go to show that heating 
a plate gives gain in detail and rapidity- 
Howard Farmer, says heating a plate for 
a few minutes at 200 deg. on a copper slab 
covered with asbestos, gives finer definition 
and detail and slightly increased rapidity 
for color. 

RECORDS. 

Experience is a great teacher and we 
learn largely by our successes and failures, 
if we do not it is our own fault. But one 
does not stand a great chance of learning 
in that way unless he keeps some record 
that will enable him to look intO' the steps 
he has taken. For instance, he takes a 
nice woodland scene, exposing for 4 second 
at stop 8, and when he developes the plate 
he finds it underexposed and lacking ;l the 
detail he wanted. If he goes out the next 
week and take a similar scene using the 
same stop and exposing for 1-5 second un- 
der similar conditions of light, we ivoi^ld 
say hiS failure had not taught him mii h. 
This would have been overcome by keeping 
some record, in a pocket book or in some 
other way. The very writing down of the 
particulars and reading of them after the 
developing and printing would have li:ced 
it largely on his mind, that before he used 
too small a stop and should hive given 
longer exposure. 

Not only so but with the multiplying 
of negatives an orderly way of filing tiiem 
is needed if one expects to find any ;i.uti- 
cular negative without spending ti'iie go- 
ing through the whole batch. 

The following method has been followed 



2 20 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



by the writer and may be a suggestion to 
others: — 

Till" following form is used printed on 
lairly heavy paper, size 4* x 2', .— 

SERIAL No 

PHOTO RECORD. 

PLATE HOLDER No 

PLATE 

DATE ...: 

SUBJECT 



Time of day 

Stop 

Exposure 

Conditions ... 
Lens 



.p.m. 



.U.S. 



MEMO. 



Plate Developed 

The "Plate Holder No." would also ap- 
ply to film. No., this record often traces 
causes of trouble as sometimes it is in the 
plate holder. Provision is made for either 
system of numbering stops and for the 
lens used, when more than one lens, or a 
convertible lens is owned. "Plate Devel- 
oped" is for date, and room is left for 
developer used and other particulars, such 
as over or under exposed, etc. 

The negative having been completed it 
is numbered on the corner and filed away 
in plate box or other filing device, enter- 
ed in an index book, with ils number, and 
the same entered in form, "serial No " 

Thus the particulars in regard 1o aiiV 
negative may be to hand in a moment by 
use of the Serial Number. 

Negatives may be indexed under more 
than one head to facilitate m.itteis w!i>'ii 
looking tluMii up, as for instance, a camp- 



ing scene at Stoney Lake, it can be index- 
ed under "C" for camping scene subject 
and under "S" for place, Stoney Lake. 

SOME USES FOR WASTE FILMS 
Waste Celluloid Films need not be liis- 
carded as useless for when cleansed from 
the gelatine they may be utilized in sev- 
eral ways. Dissolved in acetone (obtain- 
ible from i)hotographic dealers) to tlie 
consistency of a thin syrup an excellent 
Tarnish for bottle labels is produced emin- 
ently suitable for the dark room, as it is 
»bsolutely water and chemical proof. The 
same solution diluted can be used with 
great advantage over the ordinary para- 
fin wax and benzine solution, for render- 
ing bromides, blue and other iron prints, 
ind especially plain silver prints perman- 
fnt. The prints dipped in the liquid, and 
She superfluous fluid removed with blotting 
paper, shew, when dry, no sign of having 
been thus treated, at the same time they 
are rendered air, chemical and water proof. 
.\pplu'(l to the back of glossy P.O. P. 
prints it makes a good medium for receiv- 
ing the mountant, and if burnished a splen- 
did negative varnish. 

(i..\ 1.. in Photographic Scraps. 

True, the camera may have a swing-back 
but it has no rubber-neck ; as it carries a 
finder that may account for it. While It has 
a bulb, it does not belong to the vegetable 
kingdoiu There is a plate and a plate- 
holder, l)ut it is disappointing to know 
that the desire is to get an image on the 
plate. Some carry a pack. The shutter is 
to shut out the light and ^Iso let light in, 
and while it has diaphragni stops it is 
never known to make a sound. It is on the 
level itself hut its bellows is not for blow- 
ing its own horn 




ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Sports Afloat ! 



221 



BEING A SECTION DEVOTED TO THOSE WHO 
BRAVE WIND AND WAVE, IN WHITE- 
WINGED YACHT OR DAINTY CANOE, 
IN FRAGILE SHELL OR SWIFT 
POWER BOAT. 



EDITED BY LOUIS MARAIS. 



The Canada's Cup Boats. 



The arrival in Toronto harbor of the 
two candidates for the honor of 
upholding the challenge for Canada's Cup, 
built for members of the Royal Canadian 
Yacht Club, has roused interest in the 
challenge to a white heat, and members 
are busy discussing the merits of the new 
boats, and speculating upon the probable 
speed of the Naniwa, the Fearnside-John- 
ston boat launched in Hamilton on June 
17. The speed of the two Toronto boats 
has been pretty well tested, and so the 
Hamilton boat is the dark horse in the 
race. Hamilton candidates for the cup 
challenge or defence have never before been 
dangerous, but then one cannot always go 
by precedent. Nani\('a's model is a speedy 
one, but she is not as well, as lightly, 
built as the professionally designed and 
built boats that are now in Toronto. 

The two Toronto boats are known as the 
Zoraya and the Temeraire. The Zoraya is 
from the blue prints of Mylne, the young 
Scotchman who was taught the intricacies 
of naval architecture under the great Wat- 
son, while Temeraire's designer was Fife, 
the famous. Young Mylne turned out 
some cracking fine boats for the British 
small classes and in the Isles is looked up- 
on as Watson's successor. The Mylne boat 
has been painted black ; the Temeraire 
White. Rear Commodore Frederick Nichols 
of the R. C. Y. C, owns Temeraire, and 
James Worts a young member of the same 
club the Zoraya. 

The Mylne boat is a short boat, with 
a good full body. She has a sawn ofi' 



stern and carries a high suit of canvas. 
Temeraire has a long thin nose and her 
stern is carved out to a fine counter. Zor- 
aya has much more body forward than her 
rival Temeraire. Both have unusually large 
keel areas. The feature of tlie trial spins. 




NORMAN R. GOODERHAM, 

The Upper Canada's College Youth, who is sailing the 

cup winner Invader in the Canada's Cup trials. 

He is one of the cleverest sailors on the lake. 

up to date, has been Temeraire's remark- 
able showing against Invader, the cup win- 
ner of 1901. Invader is a long thin racing 



222 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



machine, a witch in light airs and hither- 
to invunerable on a reach, yet the File 
boat — a craft built under the rules that 
eompel the constjuction of a good big able 
boat — has beaten her in her own weather 
and under her own conditions. Zoraya has 
stacked up against Temeraire a couple of 
times and though she has a good turn of 
speed Temeraire seems to be able to out>- 
loot her handily except in a breeze. Both 
Zoraya and Temeraire are fast on a run 
and climb out to weather in remarkable 
fashion. Both outpoint Invader and Beav- 
er in both light and moderate weather. 
They have not met the old pair in a good 
breeee. 




E. K. M. WEDD, 

Skipper of the Canada's Cup Candidate Temeraire, 

who is looked upon as the man who will be 

asked to sail the Cup Challenger. 

Zoraya, when she went in, floated four 
inches above her proper waterline, and had 
to go back to her builders for the addition 
cf another half ton of lead, to pull her 
down. This made a great difference in her 
speed, and she is now giving Temeraire a 
tight chase in all weathers. 

A feature of the preliminary trials has 
been the fast work of the Temeraire's 
crew. They are not Canada Cup veterans, 
but the way in which the crew, drilled by 
Skipper Wedd and J. Wilton Morse, who is 



acting as first mate, have been handling 
canvas, has contributed a great deel •to 
her success. 

The trial races will commence the mid- 
dle of this month. The boats will ije en- 
tirely in charge of the Racing Committee 
and they will put any skipper or crew a- 
board they see fit in order that the fast- 
est boat may be selected. 

Temeraire and Zoraya are both ^ing 
Canadian sails in the preliminary work. 
Zoraya has a suit from Oldrieve & Horn 
of Kingston, while Leckie & Co. of 'Toron- 
to turned out Temeraire's outfit. The 
Leckie suit set fairly well from the start, 
but a slice out of the luff just under fhe 
gaff improved it wonderfully and now it 
sets perfectly. Zoraya had more trouble 
with her Canadian suit but it rounded in- 
to creditable shape. Both haVe suits of 
superb stuff from Ratsey, the Englishman. 

The comparative figures of the Fife and 
Mylne boats follow: — 

Temeraire. Zoraya 
ft. in. ft. in. 

L. O. .\ 56 47 

L. W. L 29 11 29 9 

Beam on deck 10 9 11 

Beam L. \V. L 9 9 1-2 7 

Draft 6 Id 7 

Overhand, forward 10 9 

Overhand, aft 10 1 8 

Pounds Pounds 

Leads 11,400 11,760 

ft. in. ft. in. 

Mast, above deck 44 9 45 9 

Mast over all 47 9 

Boom 39 6 37 

Gaff 25 3 24 tj 

Alailsail hoist 28 32 

Spinnaker boom 20 4 21 

Horn outboard 5 5 

Cabin top length 8 13 

Cabin top height 19 19 

Canvas — 

Square ft. Square ft. 

.Mainsail 1,111 1,158 

Jib 436 390 

Total canvas 1,547 1,548 

Naniwa is 50 feet 6 inches over all ; 
29 feet 9 inches on the loadwater line, 9 
foot 6 inches beam and draws 6 feet 8J 
inches. She carries 1490 square feet of can- 
vas and a simple sloop rig. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



223 



THE CRUISING RACE. 

«., ' The R. C. Y. C. cruising races fell to 
Canada and Yama in the first class and 
Petrel II. and Naomi for the second class. 
The first race was to Oakville in a smash- 
ing gbod southwester that made a long 
and a -shore leg out of the going. Both 
Canada and Petrel won handily in the on 
end Wort's Yama and Naomi won the event 
t« Niagara. Strathcona was second to 
Yan^ while Naomi practically had a walk- 
over. The Niagara race was sailed in a 
fog and Strathcona wound up at Port Dal- 
housie. 

SOME HOT RACING. 

The National Club sixteen foot events 
have all gone to Acushla, Bert Archer's 
boat, the dinghy races to Riley & Bryan, 
and the specials to Nicko, and the Queen 
City Acushla won a 16 foot class race with 
Escape second. Escape won the other with 
her rival absent. 

The first class events have been won by 
Halcyon owned by Hales and Underwood. 
Sammy Solmon's Shearwater is the king 
pin of the special class, but the dinghies 
have been putting up a hot scrap. Norman 
Gooderham won the first, but Frank How- 
ard, the club crack, in James Douglas' new 
one. was first up the second race with 
Rear Commodore Phelan's new one of his 
own design and build second up. At the 
Canoe Club W. H. Sparrow won the first 
and Benson the second with Wm. McQuil- 
lan, the club champion, second up both 
times. 

ARGOS BEATEN AT SYRACUSE. 

The defeat of the Argonaut eight at 
Onondaga Lake by the crack Syracuse Col- 
lege crew on June 10 was a sore touch, but 
the Argos are not disheartened. The Col- 
legians beat the Canucks a length and a 
quarter, but the men from the North made 
them paddle some all the way to do it. 
The first mile was hammer and tongs and 
then the Canucks died away from lack of 
condition. A week's bad weather prio": to 
the race put them back. The fours race 
between Argos and the Collegians was 
called off because the excursion boats in- 
terfered with the course. 



was in Brockville, but his material was so 
poor that he quit th^ job. Ottawa has a 
husky four that will be hard to dispose of 
as the Canadian Henley, and Rice is the 
man to get them into shape and give them 
style. Look out for Ottawa's four. 



The Torontos are away late getting 
started this year. Their crews were not 
made up until end of June, after the Ar- 
gos and Dons spring races were over. 



The advent of Jimmie Rice the coach in 
Ottawa has encouraged rowing there. Rice 



FORLONG'S GOOD CREW. 

The Argonauts are flooded with mater- 
ial this year. Over 150 men are in trains 
ing. The spring regatta resulted in a win 
for C. J. Forlong's crew. 

First heat— (1) C. J. Forlong (stroke), 
J. D. Tipton, A. S. May, Fred. P. Toms; 
(2) D. Hood (stroke), J. B. Corbett, W. N. 
Fleming, L. Gooderham; (3) H. E. Ridout 
(stroke), D. Matthews, W. Awtry, C. G. 
Scarth; (4) A. K. Macdougall (stroke), J. 
English, A. W. Cameron, P. V. Wilson. 
Time 5.12. 

Second heat— (1) R. Quigley (stroke), 
E. White, W. P. Unsworth, G. W. Isaacs ; 
(2) F. M. Balfour (stroke), W. Monteith, 
R. N. Haddow. G. D. Lamont; (3) J. P. 
McGregor (stroke), R. G. Hunter, J. F. 
Cosgrave, S. Watson ; (4) Dr. G. Jordan 
(stroke), A. B. Smith, G. J. Dudley, F.C. 
Capreol. Time, 5.24. 

Third heat— (1) W. H. Green (stroke), 
G. A. Schaef. H. B. Montizambert, E. M. 
Macrae; (2) J. A. Thompson (stroke), R. 
D. Warwick, P. Evans, H. Sutherland; (3), 
A. T. Hunter (stroke), T. J. Anderson, 
M. Morgan, F. Fulton. Time, 5.36. 

First semi-final— (1)C. J. Forlong; (2) 
R. Quigley. Time, 5.33. Second semi-final, 
(1) Green, (2) Thompson. Time, 5.30. 

Final— (1) Forlong, (2) Green, (3) Quig- 
ley (4) Thompson. Time 5.40. 

A MOTOR BOAT RACE. 
The first motor boat race to be held in 
Canada will take place July 8 at the 
Queen City Yacht Club. It is not an open 
race, but will be an event for club launch- 
es. There are now nine launches in 
the club. They will be handicapped. 
The race will likely be around the Island, 
and the prize will be trophies offered by 
Commodore World, and regulations bar- 
ring all connected with motor boat firms 
and engineers have been adopted. 



224 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Yachting in Halifax. 



It would be strange indeed if Halifax, 
with one of the finest harbors in the 
world, did not possess an active yacht 
club, and it does: "The Royal Nova Sco- 
tia Yacht Squadron" whiA for a consider- 
able time enjoyed the honor of being the 
only salt water yacht club in Canada. Such 
is no longer the case. Thriving young clubs 
have sjirung up at St. John, Sydney. Chal- 




START OF A YACHT RACE. 
R. N. S. Y. S., Halifa.x. 

ham, Chester, Shelburne, Yarmouth and 
Digby, and have more or less patterned 
themselves from the older Club. The Club 
House of the Sqiuadron is admirably situat- 
ed only a mile from the post otfice. with 
the electric cars running past its gate, and 
it faces directly the mouth of the spa- 
cious harbor. P'rom its roomy verandahs 
one looks out into a tine bay, widenmg in- 
to the Atlantic. The water in fron't of the 
Clul) House is never still ; even in the fin- 
est weather the undertow of the ocean 
rocks the yachts at their moorings, and 
niakes the big Club floats strain and creek 
on their chains. There is a fine stretch of 
sheltered water at the disposal of the 
members of the Club. The harbor in front 
of the Club House is nearly two miles in 
width and carries that breadth up into the 
land for a couple of miles when it begins 
lo narrow in until it reaches the Nar- 
rows, where it is little more than a quar- 
ter of a mile from shore to shore. Then it 



suddenly expands again into Bedford Basin, 
a beautiful salt water lake, six miles long 
by four miles wide. Over all this there is 
a uniform depth of not less than one hun- 
dred feet of water, with hardly a shoal or 
reef, and no current worth mention. It 
would be hard to contrive a spot more 
perfectly adapted for sailing. 

The prevailing wind in summer time, is 
the strong sou'-west wind of the Atlantic, 
coming in from the sea wfth a force that 
frequently rises almost to the sailor's 
"half a gale of wind." It is no place for 
novices or unsafe boats. The breezes, how- 
ever, are true and steady, and sudden thun- 
der squalls, such as are frequent on inland 
waters are Very rare. Given a good mod- 
ern boat with her ballast in her keel, and 
a moderate sail plan, and no yachtsman 
could ask finer sport than a turn to wind- 
ward down the Harbor, with the brave sea 
breeze sending the white caps dancing a- 
cross the long swell, that rolls in from the 
.\tlantic. Frequently, though the sky is 
blue and the wind warm, the breeze and 
sea make things even too strenuous to be 
comfortable, when even with a pair of 
tucks in her muslin the little ship is noth- 
ing but a smother of foam to leeward and 




PICX.\ — FLAG SHIP. 
Com. Jonp.s, Commodore k. N. S Y. Squadron. 

a drench of spray to windward. In such 
times the yachtsmen are glad enough to 
seek shelter in the Eastern Passage, which 
leads to the sea on the eastern side of 
.McNab's Island. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



225 



The Club is a flourishing one with a 
membership of. 300. The yachts are mostly 
small of the knockabout variety, and there 
is racing every Saturday afternoon from 
the beginning of June until the end of 
September. The ubiquitous Toronto ding- 
hy has found its way down to the sea, and 
there is a considerable fleet of these mid- 
gets. They have much more wind and tta 
to contend with than in their original 
home, and their capsizability has been 
demonstrated on more than one occasion. 
But nevertheless they are wonderful little 
ships, and the amount of weather they can 
stand when in capable hands is surprising. 
The activities of the Club are not con- 
fined to racing. The large Boathouse of the 
Club makes a splendid dancing pavilion, 
and once a month in the summer at the 
full of the moon the boats are cleared out 
and an Informal dance given, when the 
whole of the Club House and premises are 
thrown open to the guests. In the winter 
time excellent "Smokers" are given in the 
large Club Room. 

At the present time, the Squadron is 
making ready for the ocean race of the 
"Eastern Yacht Club" of Boston. This 
promises to be an event of scarcely less 
importance than the race across the At- 
lantic just finished. It has »een arranged 
by the Boston Club with the co-operation 
of the Halifax yachtsmen, and will be from 
Marble Head to Halifax, starting on the 
21st August. A large entry of Boston and 
New York yachts, both schooner and sin- 
gle stickers is assured, and great interest 
is already manifested. At Halifax the vis- 
iting yachts will take part in the race for 
the Prince of Wales Cup, presented by the 
present King, when Prince of Wales, in 



1860, and now held as a challenge cup to 
be raced for annually at Halifax ; the win- 
ner holding it only until the time set for 
the next race. A course has been set for 
the race of thirty miles in the day, and 
open sea, and if, as is more than likely, a 
rattling sou'-wester blows the race will be 
a sight worth going miles to see. 

NEW BOATS. 

Harry Hodson, Toronto, has just com- 
pleted a skiff for Lake Simcoe, which has 
several points of interest. This yacht has 
been designed by A. J. C. Ro'bertson, A. 
M. I. N. A., a young Scotsman, who has 
recently settled here. 

She is 24-feet long and bares quite a 
resemblance to the Seawanhaka Cup yachts 
with however a flatter floor and harder 
bilge. She is of course fitted with bilge 
hoards, and with .300 square feet of sail, 
she should prove very fast. The cockpit is 
remarkably large and roomy for a boat of 
lier size. 

The new boat has been named "Runa- 
way." 

TORONTO DINGHY CLASS. 

Quite a departure has been made at 
IMontreal this year in the design of one of 
the 11-footers by fitting bilge boards in 
place of the usual centreboard. 

The boards are very light and easily 
handled and this arrangement giVes more 
room on board. 

It is also claimed that the windward 
work of the new boat is much better than 
with a centreboard, but Waterbaby II. as 
the new boat is called, has still to dem- 
onstrate this. 



-M-> 



Our Medicine Ba^. 



The Rev. J. C. Herdman writes in the 
"Calgary Daily Herald" a capital article, 
descriptive of a visit to the sources of 
the Bow and the North Saskatchewan— the 
two rivers which flow past the cities of 
Calgary and Edmonton. The source of the 
Bow is in the Upper and Lower Bow 
Lakes. "These are beautiful sheets of wat- 



er, six miles apart, of much the same size 
and shape, (perhaps four miles long by one 
and a half wide) and fed by drainage of 
glaciers. Especially attractive is the Up- 
per Lake, 20 miles from Laggan, and it is 
possible that a spur line might, for the 
sake of the scenery, be yet constructed 
to this beautiful sheet of water." 



226 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



"Three miles away to the left, and 
1,0()0 feet lower down, from the caves of a 
great glacier leap forth energetic streams, 
which, joining, form the main branch of the 
North Saskatchewan." 

We cannot forbear to quote the follow- 
ing in which we venture to believe the 
reverend gentleman shows truthful fore- 
sight: — "Calgary used in flood times at any 
rate to think of the Bow and the Elbow 
mainly as a menace to our houses and 
streets; but now besides embankments and 
boulevards our excellent rivers have pro- 
vided us with water supply and a drainage 
:system, and tar reaching irrigation canals. 
Let us hope there will soon be appreciation 
of other elements than merely commercial 
values, for these rivers possess and give us 
beautiful valleys, romantic camping 
grounds, fishing pools, hunting roads, and 
connecting waterways, along with side 
streams that come straight from the moun- 
tain passes, and view points that unfold 
panoramas of special scenery, and trails 
that were made, some by the mountain 
goats, some by the Indians of the foot- 
hills and the valleys, some by the Hudson's 
Bay fur traders, and the passing through 
of explorers, prospectors, and railway 
engineers." 

E. Thompson Seton classifies the 
speed of animals as follows:— First the 
greyhound with a speed of 34 miles per 
hour, the race horse 32, American prong- 
horn antelope 30, jack rabbit 28, fox 26, 
coyote 24, foxhound 22, and American grey 
wold 20. A man's best speed works out at 
about 14 miles an hour. These animal 
speeds were determined by actual observa- 
tion with a stop watch. The African black 
antelope and the hunting cheetah are said 
to be near the head of the list as regards 
speed. 

Members of the Montreal Fish and Game 
Protection Association have waited upon 
the Provincial Ministers at Quebec urging 
that the large number of wardens now 
drawing salaries of $50 to $76 annually and 
doing little or no work for the same, be 
retired and replaced by eight or ten perm- 
anent wardens at salaries of from $800 to 
$1,000 per annum, who could 'be expected 
to perform the duties in a practical and 
; satisfactory manner. The members of the 



deputation further urged amendments ia 
the present fish and game laws, particular- 
ly respecting close seasons. 

Cats are popularly supposed to Ih/B averse 
to water, but a farmer at Ballina, New 
South Wales, is said to have trained a 
black cat to act as a retriever. So far was 
its natural propensities overcome that it 
became actually fond of diving into the sea 
for fish, and recently it brought out a 
two pound mullet. Like many other excep- 
tionally gifted individuals it died young, 
l)eing swallowed bv a shark. 
' * 

Another instance of the difficulty of en- 
forcing close time internationally comes 
from the State of New York. Last time 
it was birds; on this occasion fish caused 
the trouble. The (ish were brook trout, 
and they were transported from Cape Vin- 
cent to Schenectady in the close season. 
For the defence it was argued that the 
fish actually came from Canada, and duty 
having been paid upon them no law had 
been violated. This defence succeeded in the 
lower Court, but the Supreme Court has 
reversed the decision, which means that in 
the close season fish may not be sold, 
come from what quarter they may. This is 
really the only logical way of enforcing a 
law, and it closes a very convenient and 
dangerous loophole. 

A correspondent writes from Broad- 
view, Assa.:— "Shooting is very plentiful 
round here in the Fall, ducks and prairie 
chickens being the principal game birds. In 
my short walks in this neighborhood of 
late I have noticed quail and othex water 
birds. There are two hotels at this point, 
and a very nice lake about one mile from 
the station. " 

A second specimen of the barraeouta 
was recently captured near Victoria, < and 
has been presented to the Provincial 
museum. The barraeouta is unique in ap- 
pearance, being long and thin in the body, 
with a sharp head. 

The Manitoba prairie chicken or sharp 
tailed grouse is becoming more scarce each 
year. The chicken belongs to the scrub and 
the prairie, and is rapidly being replaced 
by a similar bird, known as the Minnesota 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



227 



grouse, which is a grain eater and fol- 
lows the wheat fields. Just as soon as the 
prairie is broken up the native chicken 
leaves, and the grouse comes in. The 
grouse is however better eating than the 
prairie chicken. We are consoled. 

Pheasant rearing is said to be success- 
ful in the counties of Lincoln and Welland, 
Ontario. To encourage the rearing of these 
beautiful birds, a petition is in circulation 
asking that the close season, which expires 
this vear, be extended for three further 
years, and that the game laws be amended 
so as to provide that no hen pheasants be 
killed under anv circumstances. 

A correspondent at Swan Lake, Man., 
reports the appearance of a puma or moun- 
tain lion in that region. George Seattle, a 
thoroughly reliable Indian, tracked the an- 
imal all day, catching but one sight of it, 
only to find that he had been tracked in 
his turn, and that all his cunning and 
strategy was not equal to that of his four 
footed antagonist. 

Mr. Alex. Marner, deputy registrar of 
Berlin, an ardent fisherman and sportsman, 
has come out with a new programme for 
game protection. He would like to see a 
$5.00 gun license compulsory, and on the 
other hand to every man taking out such a 
license he would also issue a badge 
and authority as a deputy game war- 
den. Further he would ear mark the 
receipts from this license, and spend the 
money in re-stocking the woods. Increased 
game and increased protection going to- 
gether should soon effect a great and bene- 
ficial change. 

No objection could be made to a license 
fee so spent, thinks Mr. ^Merner. He adds 
that an additional reason in its favor 
w^ould be a diminution in the number of 
accidents due to firearms, as it would put 
a stop to the promiscous carrying of small 
rifles by boys who shoot all kinds of 
'birds. 

Boston for fish stories. In addition to 
those in last month's "Medicine Bag" we 
have a still more wonderful one this time 
A codfish was left by the outgoing tide on 
the flats at Winthrop Beach. Having been 
seen and driven in shore, Mr. W. Duquet. 



after a thirty minutes' fight succeeded in 
•landing" his fish. The cod weighed 65 
lbs. The fish knocked the man down twice, 
and buffeted him considera'bly. With the 
aid of a piece of sacking, which enabled 
him to hold on to the fish, he at length 
made his capture good. Although the fight 
was not seen by a photographer, it was 
witnessed by a photographer's wife; we are 
not told whether she took a snap shot. 

Mr. J. J. Kelly, who writes from the 
Hotel Copaning, French River, Ont., advis- 
es persons going to that point to take 
tents and canoes with them. At the end 
of the trip they will stand a good chance 
of selling them should they so desire, 
though probably at a small sacrifice. Pro- 
visions, etc., can be obtained at French 
River Village, and at almost any time 
Mr. Kelly can supply guides who know the 
lakes and rivers. He also promises to do 
his best for any sportsmen visitors to his 
house. 

The United States Consul at Three Riv- 
ers, Quebec, (Mr. James H. Worman) in a 
recent report states that "complaints are 
multiplying against the wholesale destruc- 
tion of game and fish in the Dominion re- 
gardless of legal restrictions." Regarding 
Argenteuil county he says:— "The partrid- 
ges have disappeared having been killed by 
the thousands to meet the needs of the 
American market, while the deer have been 
hunted with dogs driven in battues, and 
killed, skinned, and buried. The people 
who destroy this fine game do it simply 
for commercial purposes. The deer sk^us 
are all that is wanted, the remainder ue- 
ing buried to prevent prosecution." The 
Superintendent of Fish and Game is doing 
all that he can under the system that now 
pjevails. He is assisted to a large extenit 
by the Fish and Game Protection Socie- 
ties, but he lacks efficient support." 

The Province of Quebec is not the Dom- 
inion. The conditions, though still capable 
of improvement, are 'better in Ontario (ex- 
cept in certain sections) and the Western 
Provinces, as they are also in New Bruns- 
wick and Nova Scotia. Big game is on 
the increase in Ontario, and the fishing is 
also betlter. There are also some instances 
in Quebec where this is the case. In the 
Brome Lake district for instance at 



228 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Knowlton the fishing is better than it was 
thirty years ago, and the people aboBt 
Lake Meniphreniagog, and on the lakes a- 
round Orford Mountain arc awakening to 
the necessity of enforcing the laws. Even 
in (^uehec therefore there arc rays of sun- 
shine striking across the cloud banKs of 
ignorance. We must be patient and edu- 
cate. When the people are aroused and in- 
sist upon proper protection for what is 
really their fish and game, ellicieni pro- 
tection will be given. The work is a great 
one, but it is making progress in all parts 
of the. Dominion. 

According to a Milwaukee correspondent 
a new industry has been started near that 
enterprising centre. We are told that thou- 
sands of wild ducks are being hatched in 
inc\ibators established in scores of launch- 
es and pleasure craft on adjacent watei's. 
So well is the system working that an ap- 
plication is to be made to the State to in- 
troduce duck hatcheries just as fish hatch- 
eries are now maintained. The ducklings 
as soon as old enough arc shipped off to 
points from which applications for them 
have been received. It is not stated where 
the thousands of wild duck eggs come from 
—but that is a mere detail of course. 

That blessings sometimes come in dis- 
guise is an old experience, and one that 
has just been illustrated in a curious way 
in Illinois. Riley Smith rented a farm 
near Havana, and this spring he had his 
fields flooded. Noticing a great disturb- 
ance in the water he made a closer exami- 
nation and discovered thousands of carp 
flopping about. With characteristic Amer- 
ican hustling he went to town, procured 
seines and assistance, and for three weeks 
fished to such good purpose that he made 
enough, by his work to purchase his farm 
outright. 

Mr. C. M. Haynes, writing from Kidout 
station, says that the Ridout Kiver is 
very torturous and winding. There is/t)Ienty 
of water from there, with no carry for fif- 
teen miles. After a short portage, theie is 
a chain of lakes by means of which the 
tourist and sportsman can go through to 
the Hudson Bay Co.'s Post. The route 
thence via the dround Hog and Moose 
Rivers is (the Indians say) entirely prac- 



ticable. "I am going to make the trip this 
summer, and return via the Missanabie 
from Moose Factory." 

Mr. John Robinson, of Chatham, has 
been appointed Chief Game Warden of the 
Province of New Brunswick. This is a new 
position created by the Provincial parlia- 
ment during their la.st session. The salary 
is $800 per annum. 

♦ 

Two fine specimens of the golden eagle 
are to be seen at the King Edward Ho- 
tel, Pincher Creek, near Calgary. They 
were captured in traps set for coyotes. 

A couple of Indians visited the office of 
the Township Clerk at Morden, Man., the 
other day with the heads of eighteen 
wolves, and secured a nice total in boun- 
ties. 

«r 

The Canadian Camp held a recent din- 
ner in Xew York for the purpose of com- 
[ileting the organization of the Canadian 
Camp Club. The Camp is purely a social 
liody, and has a membership of upwards of 
7(1(1 of .America's principal sportsmen. The 
Canadian Camp Club, which is an off shoot 
oi the Camp, has now some 250 members, 
tlie limit being 500 members. It is pro- 
posed to build camps from Winnebago 
south to Lake Huron, and north to Hud- 
son's Bay, and the members, ■jpho ask for 
no exclusive privileges, will do a great 
deal of exploration work. They will spend 
their vacations in Canada, and do much to 
preserve the fish and| game, besides keeping 
for the whole people the large extent of 
territory over w-hich their influence will 
extend in its present state of Nature. The 
officers are:— President, Dr. Robert T. 
Morris ; First Vice President, Charles 
Wake; Second Vice President, Dr. G. Len- 
ox Curtis ; Secretary, James A. Cruik- 
shank ; Treasurer, Girard N. Whitney; Ex- 
ecutive Committee, Dr. G. L. Curtis, 
chairman; L. O. Armstrong, James A. 
Cruikshank, W. T. McCulloch, Dr. R. T. 
.Morris, Charles Wake, G. N. Whitney, and 
the lion Julius II. Seymour. 

Wolves have appeared in the setJtled por- 
tions of Renfrew County, Ont., during the 
past wintex. although it is said that the 
present generation know nothing of these 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



229 



animals except what they have heard and 
read. Two gentlemen driving home trom 
Combermere to Buckingham on diSerent 
days were chased by these savage animals, 
and one had a narrow • escape. 

Two moose recently appeared at Wabi- 
goon. and the whole of the settlers turned 
out for the hunt with the result that the 
bull was killed while the cow, though it 
had several narrow escapes, succeeded in 
getting back to the woods. 

A court marfcial by rooks is reported 
from England bv Aid. E. E. Philips, an 
ex-mayor of the City of Bath. On this oc- 
casion there were three prisoners, who 
were tried, condemned, and executed. Mr. 
Philips witnessed a similar scene two years 
previously when condemnation and its in- 
evitable result fell upon one prisoner. 

New York, which always does things on 
a grand scale, reports the acquisition for 
its Natural History Museum, of the 'rec- 
ord taeaking bear of the world." It is 
described as a "great male bear, Ursus 
dalligygas Merriam, measuring eight fiet 
in length, and four feet four mehes in 
height at the shoulder, and weighing ap- 
proximately 1,600 lbs." 

Lasft month we chronicled the closing of 
Lake Manitoba by Dominion order lor sum- 
mer fishing. Efforts are now being made 
to secure a relaxation of this order by al- 
lowing fishing in Lake Francis, a small 
body of water connected with Lake Mani- 
toba, and in Clandeboye Bay, for pickerel 
and jackfish. 

Wonderful fishing is reported from 
Kamloops, B. C. Mr. R. O. Atkinson, and 
Mr. McQueen are sponsors for the story 
that although fishing on a wet day they did 
not know it was raining— theEe were too 
many trout going up in the air, and 
splashing back into the lake, a lake ap- 
propriately known as Fish Lake. 

From Fredericton, N. B., comes a story 
of two valiant prayer goers killing a bear 
with clubs. The animal disputed their 
right of passage when they were on their 
way to a prayer meeting in a back settle- 



ment near Burton. Strong in the mus- 
cles, as well as in the faith, they accept- 
ed the challenge without hesitation, and 
the animal succumbed to the violent blows 
rained in upon him. 

Three St. John, N. B., sportsmen on a 
recent Friday-to-Monday visit to Clarendon 
brought back nine dozen handsome trout, 
ranging from half a pound to two and 
three quarters, and were also in at the 
killing of a bear. One of the sportsmen 
lost his first cast, the trout breaking the 
line close to the fly, but the following 
evening, in another part of the lake, one of 
his fellows caught the trout with the hook 
fast near its mouth. The bear was killed 
by the guide, who sent a well directed 
shot through the animal's head. 

The Third Appellate Court of the State 
of Illinois has just decided that there can 
be no private ownership in the fish in the 
naviga'ble waters of the State. The case is 
out of the common because owing to the 
placing of a Government dam, much land 
was submerged, and it is over these sub- 
merged lands (admittedly priVate property 
and su'bject to private rights prior to their 
submergence) that public rights are now 
held to exist. The case is to be taken to 
the Supreme Court. 

This letter encourages us: — 

Montreal, June 17, '05. 
Dear Sir.— Some time ago I asked you 
to discontinue sending me "Rod and Gun" 
when my subscription expired in June. 
Since then I have found your magazine so 
interesting that I should like you to con- 
tinue and herewith enclose subscription for 
the coming year. Kindly send same ad- 
dressed G. S. Cleghorn, Como, Que., for 
the summer months. 

Yours very truly, 
(Signed) G. S. Cleghorn." 

A tame moose, among the collection of 
animals owned by Mr. Gough, of Fairview, 
Ont., recently shed its horns. It is stated 
that prior to the shedding process the 
horns softened, and became virtually a 
mass of pulp. The Fairview experience al- 
so demonstrated that as the shedding pro- 
cess draws near the moose becomes shy. 



230 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



and sliows a disposition to go into seclus- 
ion, remaining tlu'ie until the old horns 
drop oft, and the new ones are well grown 
and hardened. 

"Fawn" writing in the Toronto " Wail 
and Empire" on the questions raised by 
deer hunting in Ontario, thus sums up his 
conclusion of the problems:— "The proper 
way to settle this deer hunting business is 
to allow deer hunting from Oct. 25th to 
Nov. 25th, strictly prohibit the killing of 
fawns, allow does to be killed every third 
year, put a stop to the sale of venison by 
hunters, and thus put a stop to pot-hunt- 
ing. Lengthening the season would lessen 
the number in the woods at one time; tJie 
dog hunters would go the first part of the 
season, and the still hunters the lattei 
part, when snow was on the ground, and 
when wounded deer could be traced." On- 
tario has more than one climate, Oct. 25tl. 
is late for some parts. 

London "Tit-Bits" has the following 
on "Colors birds don't like. ' "Red will 
annoy a turkey cock as much as a bull, 
but a sparrow will not let it disturb its 
mind. However if one shakes a blue rag 
in front of a caged sparrow's eyes he will 
go frantic with disgust. Sparrows and lin- 
nets too will refuse food ottered them on 
a piece of blue paper, and dislike the ap- 
pearance of anyone wearing a blue dress. 
Medium light blue affects them most, but 
blue serge they scarcely mind at all. 
Thrushes and black birds object to yellow, 
'but will use red or blue dried grasses left 
about their haunts to build the outer lay- 
er of their nests. Yellow grasses they will 
not use." 

It is reported from Toronto that Rro- 
vincial Detective Rogers has returned from 
Timagami, where the manager of the 
Hudson's Bay Co.'s store on Bear Island 
was tried before him on two charges of 
having l>eaver and otter furs in his pos- 
session out of season. He pleaded guilty 
on both charges and was fined $20 and 
costs in each case. The prosecution was 
entered on instructions from Hon. Dr. 
Reaume, the Commissioner of Public 
Works, who was recently informed that the 
illegal trapping of beaver and otter for 



the sake of the furs was being carried on 
most extensivelv in the north country. 

Evidently the "Lure of the Labrador 
Wild" is stronger than has hitherto been 
imagini-H, and according to a Halifax, N. 
S., telegram, Mrs. Leonidas Hubbard, the 
widow of the explorer who met with such 
a tragic fate in that country, is the lat- 
est victim. It was understood that Mr. 
Dillon Wallace, the sole white survivor of 
the unfortunate expedition was to take u,p 
the task left unfinished by the late Mr. 
Hu'bbard, but according to this account 
Mrs. Hubbard is determined to carry on 
her late husband's work herself. It is said 
that she has hitheo'to kept her own coun- 
sel, and her appearance at Halifax was a 
great surprise. Apparently however she 
has taken to heart the lesson of her hus- 
band's experiences, for the expedition, 
which includes five American and Indian 
guides, is described as "splendidly out- 
fitted." From Halifax Mrs. Hubbard goes 
to Sillisport, and there for a time at 
least the interior of Labrador will swal- 
low thera up, and the story of the trip 
will have to be told later on. It almost 
looks as though we were to have rival 
Labrador expeditions, as we have had riv- 
al Arctic expeditions. 

The "Vancouver World" reports the cap- 
ture of a codfish in whose stomach a med- 
ium sized fomah'.mink was discovered. The 
fish had evidently swallowed the animal 
whole, and judging by its condition only a 
short time before its own capture. 

The "^"ancouver World" publishes the 
following indictment of the lamentable con- 
dition of things' prevalent in its neighbor- 
hood, and calls upon all concerned — sports- 
men, residents, the Tourist .\ssociation, 
etc.— to put a stop to them:— "The trout 
in the lower reaches of the Capilona and 
in Lynn and Seymour Creeks are being 
taken in large quantities by means of dyn- 
amite and nets ; that one man alone is in 
the habit of shooting from 50 to 100 wild 
pigeons a day in the Delta; thab three 
leading citizens of Vancouver— men who 
certainly ought to know better— can find 
no other place than Lulu Island to train 
their setters and pointers, with the re- 
sults that the pheasants are disturbed in 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



231 



this the "breeding season ; and that at 
Sechelt there appears to be no check on 
the Indians, either as regards the game on 
the land or the fish in the water, for they 
kill everything in sight indiscriminately." 
These practices are, as the "World" truly 
Says, "depleting the rivers of trout and 
the woods of birds, depriving hundreds of 
healthful recreation in order that a few 
persons may either gratify an insensate 
love of mere slaughter or extirpate the 
denizens of forest and stream for the sake 
of a few miserable dollars." 

Sault Ste. Marie. Mich., is to have a 
semi-centennial celebration of the opening 
of the famous Soo canals. The celebra/tion 
will take the form of an historical pag- 
eant, and the Indian will be very much in 
evidence. A large Indian village will be 
established there, the Indians will reside in 
their tepees, live their ^jrdinary lives, and 
also give object lessons in all artistic trib- 
al handicrafts. Both the Government of 
the United States, and of the State of 
Michigan, have voted money for this pur- 
pose, and one of the most interesting ex- 
hibitions ever offered will be presented at 
the Soo. It will probably be the last time 
in the history of America that a large 
fleet of bark canoes will be seen, as the 
bark suitable for making satisfactory ca- 
noes is about exhausted. 

It is always interesting to Joiow how 
things are done in the Far North, and we 
find that despite drawbacks there are also 
compensating advantages. One of the lat- 
ter is to be found in the reindeer. The ca- 
pacity of this animal for team work is 
remarkable. His hoofs are very broad and 
do not penetrate the snow crusts. His av- 
erage weight is about 400 lbs. He will 
swiftly draw a sled carrying 600 pounds, 
and with this load can cover thirty, fifty 
and even ninety miles a day. The reindeer 
teams now carry the mails from Kotzebue 
to Point Barrow, a distance of 650 miles 
— the most northernly post route in the 
wnrld. No food is carried for the deer. At 
the end of his journey, or at any stopping 
place, he is turned loose and at once 
breaks through the snow to the white 
moss which serves as food. It costs noth- 
ing to feed him. As the white settlements 
increase in the mineral bearing parts of 



Alaska, and in many places remote from 
railway and steamboat transportation, the 
reindeer express will be one of the most 
important factors in territorial, life. 

There is a great demand for the Ojib- 
way Indians as guides. The experiences of 
men who have gone into the far north for 
their summer holidays have 'been so satis- 
factory and pleasant that they love every- 
thing connected with the northern woods, 
and the Ojibway Indian is the lord of that 
country. The Ojibway musical Indian play 
of "Hiawatha" is to be given with the 
Ojibway Indians as actors at Yawayga- 
Tjug Lake near the portage taken by Fa- 
ther Marquette, and other explorers in 
their short cut from Detroit to Chicago. 
Apart from the historical interest attach- 
ing to the site, it is ideal for the purpose 
of the play. It will be presented there 
from July -Ith to Sept. 4th, and also at 
Deabarats, Ont., from August 25th to Sep- 
temfber 4th inclusive, the latter being by 
special request from the many canoeists 
who will finish up their Mississagua River 
trip at this interesting point. 
♦ 

Gratifying evidence of appreciation of 
the new developments recently made in 
"Rod and Gun" continue to pour in. and 
afford much encouragement in the difficult 
task we have undertaken of worthily rep- 
resenting the sporting interests of this 
wide Dominion. Amidst all our difficulties 
in endeavoring to cover this field it is help- 
ful to receive such words of appreciation as 
those we quote from Mr. Arthur L. Phelps, 
of Lindsay, Ontario, who writes: "I re- 
ceived my May number O.K. and it is first 
rate. "Rod and Gun" is the real thing. 
Its writers don't have to bring in a love 
story to make their stories interesting. I 
am glad Canada can put out such a maga- 
zine." We are likewise glad that Canada is 
coming to the front in magazine produc- 
tion as in other ways, and it will not be 
our fault if we do not continue to deserve 
and retain the approval and appreciation 
of our readers. We will also welcome cri- 
ticism as well as praise, as the former 
may enable us to correct our faults, while 
the latter spur lis on to renewed efforts to 
place "Rod and Gun" in the very fore- 
front of the magazine field, and to hold it 
there. 



232 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



233 




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2 34 



A'OD AND GUN IN CANAJ^A 



THB TRAP 



J ,. ^'".'^ -^.-^P '"^-^ ^-^ CA.\AI)A ix lilt Official Organ of thr Pimmion Trap-shooters 
?" i'l"""' '\'^P>"iy<: ABsonation of Canada. All communications for this department should 
be addressed to If. A. mith. Editor "The Trap," Kinysrille Unt 



Northwest Traps. 



FORT (lARKY SCORES, JIAY 29TH. 

A large attendance of members and vis- 
itors faced the Fort Garry traps Jlay 39th 
to enioy a good shoot, and everything be- 
ing favorable for shooting, the evening was 
one of the most pleasant yet experienced. 
Mr. Paul Johnson had the honor of being 
the first to make a possible at the regu- 
lar meets. Twenty-five straight is a very 
creditable showing, as is also the score of 
21 made by Mr. Bourgouin, but which has 
been reached on several other occasions. 
Some of the older shots were not up to 
their usual good mark, but a listener after 
the shoot heard vengeance vowed upon the 
ne.xt 2.T birds that showed up before them, 
so that all being favorable something wiril 
happen at the next meot. The scores are: 

Class .4— P. Johnson, 25, gold; J. H. 
Bourgouin, 4, silver; H. B. Totten, 22, 
bronze; D. H. Hain, 21; H. Bcliveau. 20; 
M. Putnam, 20; J. Mclntyre, (visitor) 20; 
G. \. Britton, 19; J. k. Lindsay, IH; R. 
M. Watson, 17; Dr. McKdnzie, 17 ; J. McL. 
Holiday, 07; J. P. Turner, 16; J. .\. 
Hartman, 14; F. H. Telfer, 11. 

Class B— S. Griffin, 21 (gold), W.H. Mc- 
lan, 17; T. Potter, 15; L. Hurry, 14; J. 
H. Wye (visitor), 13; K. Cull, 12; F. G. 
Belcher, 11; C. H. Oughtred, 10; C. Y. 
Gregory, 9; J, Gait, (visitor), 8. 



FORT G.\RRY SCORES, JUNE 1ST. 

The regular meet of the Fort Garjy 
club was held June 1st, twenty members 
and five visitors scoring-up to shoot. .Mr. 
F. G. Simpson, for the third time headed 
the scoring list with 24 to his credit; Mr. 
S. Griffin, of B. Class, coming next with 
21. The shooting on the whole was below 



average, but this was due to the dusk prin- 
cipally, though to no small degree to the 
mosquitoes, which were out in force. The 
scores were; 

Class .-v.— F. G. Simpson, 24 (gold); J. 
P. Turner, 20 (silver); J. Mclntyre, visit- 
or, 20; H. B. Totten, 19 (bronze); G. A. 
Britton. 18; Capt. McDonald, 17; R. M. 
Watson, 17; W. C. Eade, visitor, 17; F. 0. 
Pierce, visitor. 16; J. Bridges, 15; J. McL. 
Holiday, 15; M. Putnam, 13; J. A. Lind- 
say, 13. 

Class B— S. Griffin, 21, gold; W. H. Mc- 
Millan. 1.1 (silver); L. Hurry, 13; T. Pot- 
ter, 13; F. H. Telfer, 11; F. G. Belcher. 
10; T. Cull, 10: C. Y. Gregory, 8; A. Hine, 
S; C. H. Oughtred, 7; J. Gait, 7; Dr. 
Smith. T. 

-♦■■♦-♦■ 

WINNIPEG GUN CLUB SCORES, 
JUNE 2ND. 

\\ the traps of the Winnipeg Gun club 
.June 2nd., the following scores were made 
K. J. McKay. 20 (gold); J. Spence, 19 
(silver); Dr. Cadham, 18 (bronze); A. W. 
Glover. 18: J. Mclntyre, 13; R. M. Wat- 
son, 18; J. H. Thompson, 13; C. Wellband, 
18; W. V. Lightcap, 18; O. Lightcap 18 ; 
W. H. Sutton, 16 : C. L. Birch, 13; H. 
Relii'Vf«u, visitotr, 14; E. E. Lightcap, 17;. 
L. Hurry, visitor. 1! 

•♦■♦♦- 

WINNIPEG GUN CLUB SCORES 
JUNE 6TH. 

The scores at the regular shoot of the 
Winnipeg Gun Club, June fith, at the Nor- 
wood traps are giVn: 

R. J. McKay 23 (gold); W. H. Sutton, 
21 (silver); H. V. Lightcap, 20 (bronze); 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



235 



that they will constitute themselves sole 
J. Cadham, 20; Dr. Cadham, 17; A. H. 
Glover, 17; R. M. Watson, 15; L. V. 
Burtch, 15; 0. Lightcap, 14; C. Welllband, 
12; J. Spence, 12; L. Hurry, 8. 

FORT GARRY SCORES, JUNE 8TH. 

Dr. McKenzie, 21; H. Beliveau, 21; J. 
McL. Holiday, 20; Capt. McDonald, 17;J. 
H. Bourgouin, 17; H. B. Fortin, 16; D. G. 
McKay, visitor, 22; R. J. McKay, visitor, 
17; A. E. Thompson, visitor, 15; F. Yate, 
visitor, 13; R. Sutherland, visitor, 10. 

Class B— W.H. McMillan, 18 (gold) S. 
Griffin, 16 (silver) ; T. H. Telfer, 13, 
(bronze) F.G. Belcher, 12; L. Hurry, 10 ; 
M. Giclais, 7; W. A. Matheson, 7. 

A SWAN LAKE WINNER. 

Swan Lake, Man., June 6.— At the re- 
gular shoot of the gun club on Friday even 
irg. F. Manning succeeded in again win- 
ning the Lindsay cup. The contest was 
very keen, but the high wind was not con- 
ducive to good scores. 

FORT GARRY SCORES, JUNE 15TH 

The scores at the weekly shoot of the 
Fort Garry Gun club are given: 

Class A— T. Brodie 22 (gold), J. H. 
Bourgouin 20, G. A. Button 20, I. Pit^ 
bhido 19, Capt. McDonald 19, H. B. Tot- 
ten 18, H. Beliveau 18, R. M. Watson 18, 
J. McL. Holiday 17. 

Class B-F. G. Belcher 23 (g«ld), S. 
Griffin 22, F. H. Telfer 22, W. H. McMil- 
lan 18., L. Hurry 14, M. Giclais 11. 

Visitors— W\ Sutton 22, J. Mclntyre 
20, W. Gate 17, F. Yate 17, H. L. Soper 
14. 



SOURIS GIN CLUB SCORES, 
MAY 26. 
A CLASS 
W. J. Merrell, 21, gold; R. L. Stidston, 
20. silver; S. S. Smith. 19; W. McCulloch, 
19, bronze. 

B CLASS. 
W. F. Wennian, 17, gold;, A. Curry, 14, 
silver: H. Smith, 13; N. McDonald, 13. 
Fifteen members attended. Average 15. 
SCORES, JUNE 2ND. 



A CLASS. 
R. L. Stidston, 22, gold; J. D. Herriot 
22, silver; W. J. Merrell, 21, bronze; S. S. 
Smith, 20: H. W. Nesbitt, 20; A. E. Hea- 
therington, 19; T. Isbister. 19; S. B. Prest 
18. 

B CLASS. 

N. McDonald, 15. gold; A. Curry, 15, 
silver; R. Herriot, 14, bronze. 
Sixteen members attended. .\vt<rage 17. 

FORT GARRY SCORES, 
JUNE 12. 

The scores at the weekly shoot of the 
Fort Garry Gun club were as follows; 

Class A— F. G. Simpson, 23; T. Brodie 23; 
P. Johnson, 23; G.A. Britton, 22; J. McL. 
Holiday, 20; Capt. McDonald, 10; J. Pit- 
blado 18. R.M. Watson IS, R. Girdlestone 
18, J. A. Lindsay 18, J.H. Bourgouin 17 ; 
Ur. McKenzie, 17; H. Beliveau, 14;,^ B. 
Totten, 13. ^ 

Class B— T. Cull, 17 (gold); W. H. Mc- 
Millan, 16; L. Hurry, 16; F. H. Telfer, 14; 
F. G. Belcher, 11; C. H. Oughtred, 5. 

Visitors— J. Mclntyre, 21; A. B. Camp 
bell, 19; R. L. Holiday, 19; Dr. F. Cad- 
ham, 18; J. Vopin. 18; R. Sutherland, 14; 
L. Poulin, 11; P. Plamondon, 6; H. Patri- 
arch, 6. 

ASHDOWN GO'S. SPLENDID GIFT 

The J. H. Ashdown Hardware Co. offer 
the gun clubs of the west an opportunity 
to take part in a friendly competition for 
St high grade trap gun, donated by Messrs. 
J. P. Clabrough and Johnstone, o^Birm- 
ingham, England. The well known merits 
of the Clabrough g^m are an evidence of 
the value of the prize, and the man who 
wins out will possess a gun that will be 
an honor to the donors, to his gun club 
and himself. 

Messrs. J. P. Clabrough and John- 
stone have left the details of the competi- 
tion with the Ashdown company, and to 
get over difficulties that arise in a compe- 
tition spread over such a large territory, 
Messrs. Ashdown have advised the follow- 
ing rules, and conditions which they will 
insist upon being followed exactly. 

Messrs. Ashdown wish it understood 



236 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



judge as to who is to win the gun, and in 
the event of any close running, or other 
question arising, will take advice on the 
best authorities on clean sport and iitraigbt 
shooting. 

This competition is for the highest per- 
centage in the season shoot and is open 
to members of any recognized gun club in 
Manitoba or the Territories, who have 
not won the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba 
or the Western Canada championship. 

The secretaries of gun clubs, must send 
in the names of those of his club, who in- 
tend to compete for this prize. 

Entry must be for a member in good 
standing of the gun club on whose ground 
he wishes to shoot. 

The secretary must send the names of 
the president, and the secretary of the 
club of which he is a member. 

All shooting must be done on club 
tights under American association rules, 
which include unknown angles, the distance 
the target shall be thrown, sixteen yards 
rise, and all shooting must be done at the 
regular shoots as enacted by the club of 
which he is a member, and on whose 
grounds he shooits, and for the numbejc of 
birds that the club regularly shoot. 

That 300 targets be the minimum num- 
ber to be shot at in order to compete for 
the gun. That all birds be shot on the 
same ground. 

That either the president, vice-presi- 
dent or secretary, must be present at ev- 
ery shoot in which he participates. 

Eacih score upon being made up must be 
ini'tialed by either af the above officers, 
and a copy sent by first mail to the Ash- 
down Hardware Co., and a duplicate re- 
cord must be kept on file by the club, and 
that the officers witnessing the shooting 
musl be prepared at the end of the season 
to lake an affadavit that all shooting in- 
itialed by him, was done according to rules 
governing competition. 

Every score made by contestant must 
be recorded. Should he begin his string 
•nd stop for any reason whatsoever, the 
result must be iscored as though he had 
finished. 

This competition will be open on _the 
first shooting night in June, and close with 
the last shooting night of August. 



WINKIPEGS WIN AGAIN. 

The second interclub shoot of the sea- 
son was won by the Winnipeg Gun Cltfb 
last night by a margin of 12 birds. Mr. 
R. J. McKay, for the Pegs, tallied a 
straight 25, and Mr. Simpson, of the 
tiarrys, foUowetJ him with 24. Of the Win- 
nipeg team, only' three fell below 20 birds. 
The foUowmg were the scores: 
Winnipegs — 

Dr. F. T. Cadham 23 

R. J. McKay 25 

G. Andrew 19 

W. Sutton 23 

A. W. Glover '22 

H. Lightcap 21 

J. Lemon 20 

C. Welband 20 

J. Spence 19 

C. Dodd ._ 14 

Total 206 

Fort Garry— 

F. G. Simpson 24 

F. Scott 20 

.1. P. Turner 20' 

J. H. Bourgouin 18 

M. Putnam 20 

P. Johnson 22 

G. A. Britton 20 

H. B. Totten 18 

D. H. Bain 19 

J. McL. Holiday .". 13 

Total 194 

McKAY WINS CUTTING CUP 

At the Winnipeg traps the second shoot 
for the Cutting cup was shot oft. Dr. F. 
Cadham, the last holder, meeting a num- 
ber of aspirants for the trophy. The doc- 
tor, who had made a score of 23 ip the 
interclub event at the Garry traps, took 
a tumble to 19, and was forced to released 
his grasp of the coveted silverware by Mr. 
R. J. McKay, whose shooting eye was 
dead on for 21 of the 25 birds that rose 
in front of him. This made a total of 49 
out of a possible 50 for "Mac" and con- 
sidering the poor light and the wind his 
score was exceptionally good. The follow- 
ing scores were made: 

R. J. McKay. 24; J. H. Bourgouin, 23; 
W. H. Sutton, 23; P. Johnson. 21: J. McL 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



237 



Holiday, 21; A. W. Glover, 21; D. H. Bain, 
20, H. B. Totten, 20; H. W. Lightcap, 19; 
Dr. F. Cadham, 59; J. Lemon, 18; G. An- 
drew, 18; J. H. Bourgouin, 17; J. P. Turn 
er, 17; H. Beliveau, 16'; R. M. Watson, 16; 
W. H. McMillan, 14; L. Hurry, 13; J. Mc- 
Intyre, 12; J. Bridfeps, 11; J. Spe&ce. 11. 

THAT ASHDOWN TROPHY. 

J. H. .4shdown & Co., of Winnipeg, 
last year oflered a valuable gun for com- 
petition among gun club members in Mani- 
toba and the Territories. Mr. Schwartz, 
of Brandon was awarded the prize. Mr. 
White, secretaty Killarney Gun club, thinks 
that W. J. Sanders, a member of that 
club made the highest score, and should 
have got the gun and to show his confi- 
dence in Mr. Sanders' shooting abilities 
has challenged Mr. Schwartz to meet Mr. 
Sanders in competition on any club grounds 
outside Killarney or Brandon at 100 tar- 
gets for $100.00 a side. 



SOURIS' GUN CLUB SCORES. 

Souris, Man., Gun club is one of the 
hottest aggregations of good shooters in 
the West, as the following scores testify: 
FRIDAY, MAY 5TH. 

A Class.— S. S. Smith, 23, gold button; 
H. W. Nesbitt, 20, silver; W. J. Merrell, 
10, J. G. McDonald, 19, bronze. 

B. Class.— T. Dickie, 17^ gold; F. E. 
Wenman, 16, silver; A. Curry, 16. bronze. 
FRIDAY, MAY 12TH. 

A Class.— J. g'. McDonald, 19, gold; T. 
J. Isbister, 18^ silver; W. J. Merrell, 18, 
bronz«. 

B Class.— F. E. Wenman, 15, gold; M. 
McLeod, 14, silver; R. L. Stidston, 13, 
bronze. 

Thirteen members attended. Average 
13 out of 25. 

FRIDAY, MAY 29TH. 

Fridav night May 29th., the competition 



was exceptionally keen, 'and competitors 
all appeared in excellent form. In A class 
the three leaders tied with 22. With five 
more they tied again. Smith and Merrell 
get doubles twice, but Stirling fell ofi here. 
With two more singles the two former 
were still tied and their shells being all 
gone they ended a remarkable performance 
by tossing a coin to decide which should 
■R'ear the button. A summary __of th© 
scores is as follows: 

A Class 

Smith, 22, gold; Merrell, 22, silver; 
Stirling, 22, bronze; J. G. McDonald, 19; 
R. L. Stidston, 19; J. D. Harriot, 18; H. 
W. Nesbitt, 18. 

B Class. 

W. McCulloch, 17, gold R. H. Smith, 
14, silver; Rev. Muldrew, 10, bronzs^ 

Fifteen members attended. Average 16. 



FORT GARRY SCORES, MAY 25TH. 

The regular mid-'Week shoot of the Fort 
Garry club was jiot up to the usual mark 
in the matter of attendance, though those 
who turned out had a good time in spite 
of the coldness of the evening. The small 
attendance, no doubt, was due to the fact 
that the shooters had had enough of the 
traps on the 24th., as only the more hab- 
itual members put in an appea,rance. Mr. 
F. G. Simpson again captured the gold 
button with the very good score of 23. 
The scores were: 

Class A— F. G. Simpson, 23, gold; G. 
A. Britton, 22, silver; M. Cavalier, vis- 
itor, 22, J. P. Turner, 20, bronze, J. H. 
Bourgouin, 17; H. Beliveau, 13; R. H. Wat- 
son, 13. 

Class B— S. Griffin, 17, gold; L. Hurry, 
15, silver; W. H. McMillan, 14, bronze; 
F. G. Belcher, 9; T. Call, 9; C. H. Ough- 
tred, 7. 




238 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Toronto Traps. 



JUNCTION CLUB SHOOT. 

The Toronto Junction Gun Club held 
the fourth shoot of the summer series on 
the club's grounds yesterday, May 31st. 
The weather being fine there was a good 
attendance, and good scores were marie. 
Following are the results. Event No 1, 
8; 10 birds each— Mason, 9; P. Wakefieia. 
8; Thompson, 8; Burgess, 7; McGill, 7; 
Stevens, 7; Turp, 6; James, 5; Dorf, 4; 
Sheppard, 4; Smith, 3; Jones, 3. 

Event No. 2, Summer Handicap at 25 
birds each. Class A.— Turp, 25; Mason, 
25; Stevens, 24; McGill, 24; Thompson, 23; 
Burgess, 21; P. Wakefield, 19; McDowall, 
18. 

Class B— Dorf, 20; Jones, 18; James, 
14; Shepard, 13; Smith, 10. 

Event No. 3. at 25 birds each— Thomp- 
son, 23; McGill, 23; P. Wakefield, 21; Ste- 
vens, 21; Turp, 20; Burgess, 20; Dorf, 14. 



RIVERDALE CLUB SHOOT 

The Riverdale Gun Club held their re- 
gular Saturday afternoon shoot on the 
club's grounds. Greenwood Avenue, June 
10th. The program consisted of five events 
including the spoon shoot, which was won 
by Mr. Hirons, breaking 26 out of 28. The 
scores were: 

Event No. 1, 10 birds— Cashmore 9, 
Hooey 9, Hirons 8, Jones 8, Powell 8, 
Argue 7, Flint 7, McGrath 8. 

Event No. 2, 10 birds— Cashmore 9, 
Hooe.v 6, Hirons 8, Jones 8, Powell 8, 
Argue 7, Flint 8. Davidson 7, MuUon 9. 

Event No. 3, spoon shoot, 25 birds; 
handicapped— Hooey 19, Jones 17, Hirons 
3. 26: Cashman 2, 25; Powell (scratch) 
21. Davidson 17, Argue 16. 

Event No. 4, 10 bird.s— Hirons 7, Hooey 
10. Jones 6, Cashmore 8, Powell 8, David- 
son 7, Mullon 7, Argue 6. 

Event No 5, 15 birds— Hirons 15, Cash- 
more 14, Hooey 12, Jones 11, Powell 14. 



»-f 



Dominion Tournament, Ottawa. 

A Splendid Array of Prizes. 



The annua/ committee of the Dominion 
of Canada Trap Shooting and Game Pro- 
tsctlve Association was held in the Rus- 
sell House, Ottawa, June 16th, 1905. 

Messrs. T. Upton and W. P. Thompson 
of Hamilton, Thos. A. Duff and G. W. Mc- 
Gill of Toronto, Capt. Higginson, F. A. 
Heney and G. Easdale of Ottawa were 
present. The programme as submitted by 
the St. Hubert Gun Club was taken up 
and adopted. The St. Hubert Gun Club 
were complimented on the splendid prize 
list furnished. 

The association are making a new de- 
parture in the manner of offering prize 
money and trophies. Instead of offering the 
trophies for the differenH events they are 
taking the corresponding events each day, 
for the three days of shooting and giving 
the prizes for the aggregate for the three 
events. They are also offering prizes as us- 



ual for higli average each day, also for 
the Grand .Vggregate. 

There will be nine regular events each 
day, not including the Canadian Handicap, 
Individual Championship, or Team Match- 
es. 

The first events each day will consti- 
tute the President of the .\ssociation, 
"Mr. F. A. Heney Match" for which Mr. 
Heney has kindly donated the sum of fifty 
dollars, to be divided into three prizes of 
$25.00, $15.00 and $10.00 to 1st, 2nd and 
3rd, high guns for the aggregate of 60 
birds. 

The second events will be the same 
value divided similarly, prizes donated 'by 
J. R. Booth, Esq., Ottawa. 

The third events will be similar to No.l 
prizes donated by the members of St. 
Hubert Gun Club. 

The fourth events will be similar to 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



239 



Xo. 1 prizes donated by Ketchum & Co., 
the sporting goods dealers, Ottawa. 

The fifth events will be similar to No.l 
prizes donated by Messrs. Ahearn & Sop- 
er of Ottawa. 

The first prize to be given in the ag- 
gregate of 60 birds for the sixth event elach 
day, will be a Lefevex Haramerless Ejector 
Ideal Grade Gun donated by the Lefever 
Arms Co., Syracuse, N. Y., second prize 
fifteen dollars and third prize ten dollars, 
donated by the Bronson Co. of Ottawa. 

The .seventh events will be similar to 
Xo. 6, with first prize Hammerless Gun 
quality D. H. presented by Messrs. Parker 
Bros., Meriden, Conn.; second prize, J15.O0 
and third $10.00 donated by John Gilmour, 
Esq., Ottawa. 

The eighth event will be similar to Xo. 
6 with first prize Hammerless Ejector Hol- 
lis Gun, presented by Messrs. Isaac Hollis 
& Son. Birmingham, Eng. Second prize 
$15.00 and third $10.00. 

The tenth events will be similar to Xo. 
6 with first prize Hammerless Ejector 
Cogswell <t Harrison Gun presented by 
Messrs. Cogswell and Harrison, London, 
Eng. Second prize $15.00 and third $10.00. 

For the Two-]\Ian Team Race, silver 
cups will be given to each of the winners 
presented by Messrs. A. Rosenthal & Son, 
Ottawa's largest jewellery parlors. 

For low average throughout the entire 
programme the prize will be $10.00 donat- 
ed by Frank Bate, ,Esq., Ottawa. 

For second high average throughout the 
progi-amme the prize will be a silver cup 
donated by The Laflin <t Rand Powder Co., 
Xew York. 

For longest consecutive run made dur- 
ing the tournament the prize will be silver 
cup donated by the DuPont Powder Co., 
VTilmington, Del. 



For the High Aggregate Jirst and third 
day the prizes will be twenty-five, fifteen 
and ten dollars cash, donated by John 
Manuel, Esq., and David MacLaren, Esq.. 

For the second day the first prize will 
be the handsome silver cup donatetl by 
Kynoch Ltd. Second cup donated by H. D. 
Klrkson, Buffalo, X. Y. 

For the Grand Aggregate for the three 
days, the prize will be "The Grey Cup" 
donated by his Excellency, Earl Grey, Gov- 
ernor General of Canada, to be held by the 
winner for one year. The Association will 
give a handsome gold medal to commerate 
the win. 

The following gentlemen will be elected 
to compose the Handicap Committee:— D. 
Mackon, Highgate, chairman ; Thos. A. 
Duff, Toronto; Thomas Upton, Hamilton ; 
A. W. Throop, Ottawa; George W. McGill, 
Toronto. 

CHANGES IN RULES. 

That all ties for birds be shot off at 20 
birds and from the closest handicap marks 
of contestant. 

All ties for money prizes to be divided. 

Competitors shooting for birds only will 
no^ he eligible to win any prizes offered. 

That all contestants will be expected to 
be at the score promptly when their squad 
is called. Any failure to respond inside of 
two minutes the referee is empowered to 
order the squad to proceed without him 
when he will forfeit his right to shoot in 
that event. That the system for handicap- 
ping for this tournament be a straight han- 
dicap having 16 yards a minimum and 20 
yards a maximum. Contestants will be 
given the marks at the beginning of each 
day, and will shoot throughout the entire 
day from the same marks. 

That the regular events will be divided 
into four monies, 7, 5, 3, 2, Rose system. 



Shoot at Hamilton Beach. 



The Merchants' Gun Club at the Beach 
kad the pleasure of a visit from the Ham- 
ilton Gun Club on Saturday, June 24th, 
and a very infteresting afternoon was spent. 

The heavy feature of the day was a spe- 
cial match between "Togo" Kaiser and 



Big John Bamburger, which resulted twice 
in a tie, Bamburger finally won by one 
bird. 

In' the regular events Thompson won the 
day's high average with 59 out of 65. 



240 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Springwood Gun Club, London. 



The third annual tournament of the 
Springwood Gun Club was held on June 
8th and 9th under the most perfect wea- 
ther conditions possible. There was a 
good attendance of the most prominent, 
shots in the west, and they all expressed 
the highest credit to the officers of this 
shoot, as being the most successful held in 
many seasons. The secretary and office 
staff were particularly congratulated on 
the efficient manner in which their part of 
the programme was carried out. 

Two sets of Bourons quick set traps 
were used, also his birds and they gave 
splendid satisfaction. There was not a de- 
lay of any kind during the two days. 

This was strictly an amateur shoot — 
not a single professional putting In an 



appearance, although several had assured 
the management that they would be on 
hand. The club offered a handsome gold 
medal for high average for professionals 
and had hoped to see a race made for it. 

H. Marlatt of Simcoe won high avei%ge 
first day— 1&2 out of 175. C. W. Hart, Buf- 
falo, second with 160. C. Turp, Toronto, 
third with 158. 

M. E. Fletcher, Hamilton, was high on 
the second day, with 143, out of 155. C. 
W. Hart second with 141. H. Scane third 
with 139. 

C. \V. Hart won high average Tor both 
days— 301 out of 330. M. E Fletcher second 
with 300. H. Scane third with 296. 

The scores made are as follows: — 



SCORES FIRST DAY- JUNE 8TH. 



Name. 


15 


20 


15 


20 


15 


20 


15 


20 


15 


20 S. 


A. 


Bke. 


T. Upton 


14 


16 


15 


20 


10 


16 


13 


15 


13 


19 - 


175 


— 151 


H. Scane 


13 


19 


14 


20 


15 


IS 


13 


16 


14 


18 - 


175 


— 157 


M. E. Fletcher 


15 


18 


14 


16 


12 


20 


12 


19 


12 


19 - 


175 


— 157 


C. W. Hart 


13 


18 


15 


19 


13 


18 


14 


17 


14 


19 — 


175 


- 160 


C. Turp 


13 


18 
15 


15 
13 


18 
18 


13 
12 


18 
18 


14 

14 


17 
18 


14 

14 


18 - 
15 — 


175 
175 


— 158 


G. Dunk 


13 


- 150 


G. McGill 


13 


17 


13 


17 


14 


19 


12 


18 


14 


19 — 


175 


- 156 


H. Mallory 


13 


17 


14 


17 


12 


16 


15 


18 


12 


18 - 


175 


- 152 


B. W. Glover 


12 


18 


12 


18 


15 


15 


12 


19 


.13 


16 - 


175 


- 150 


J. S. Brown 


12 


18 


12 


14 


13 


16 


12 


17 


12 


17 — 


175 


- 143 


H. Marlatt 


14 


19 


10 


19 


13 


19 


14 


20 


15 


19 — 


175 


- 162 


H. Newson 


13 


18 


12 


18 


12 


16 


13 


16 


15 


14 — 


175 


- 147 


G. L. Vivian 


11 


18 


12 


15 


14 


17 


14 


18 


14 


18 — 


175 


- 151 


J. E. Cantelon 


12 


13 


13 


18 


13 


18 


14 


18 


13 


19 — 


175 


- 151 


E. Mahler 


8 


13 
16 

17 


12 
10 
11 


14 
16 
16 


12 
13 
11 


16 
19 
19 


8 
13 
13 


13 
16 
17 


12 
13 
13 


16 - 
18 — 
18 - 


175 
175 
175 


- 124 


S. Webb 


11 


- 145 


A. W. Reid 


13 


- 148 


C. J. Mitchell 


12 


17 


12 


19 


13 


15 


15 


16 


13 


14 — 


175 


- 146 


R. Coffey 


14 


20 


14 


17 


14 


14 


15 


19 


11 


16 - 


175 


- 154 


F. Galbraith 


12 


19 


10 


16 


13 


18 


12 


14 


13 


14 — 


175 


- 141 


C. Scane 


13 


14 


9 


19 


14 


15 


13 


17 


13 


16 - 


175 


- 146 


R. Day 





20 


9 


18 


15 


18 


11 


16 


10 


15 — 


160 


- 132 


Dewar 




14 


10 


15 


12 


15 


11 


18 


13 


16 — 


160 


- 124 


A. Tillmann 


11 


18 


13 


16 


10 


17 


13 


13 




... — 


140 


— Ill 


J. Bissett 


13 


18 
















— 


35 


— 31 


A. Mahler 


10 


15 


15 


16 


10 


13 


9 






— 


120 


- 88 


Parker 


11 
















11 


— 


30 


- 22 


Nicholson 






8 










7 


11 


— 


45 


- 26 


Kimball 












12 


9 






— 


35 


- 21 


Rooks 















10 




11 


— 


30 


— 21 


Brock 


... 












11 




5 


— 


30 


- 10 


Bowman 







, 








9 






— 


15 


- 9 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



241 



Avey 

Simcox ... 

Si 

Whittaker 



8 11 11 
10 

13 
12 



50 


— 


30 


15 


— 


10 


15 


— 


13 


15 


— 


12 



Special Event First Day— 25 birds— H. Scane 25, Cantelon 25, Vivian 25, Turp 
24, Dunk 24, Mallory 24, Upton 23, Fletcher 23, McGill 22, Marlatt 22, Mitchell 21, 
Brown 15. 

SCORES— SECOND DAY — JUNE 9TH. 



Xame. 15 15 20 15 20 

T. Upton 13 14 17 15 16 

H. Scane 13 11 18 14 19 

Fletcher 14 15 19 14 17 

Hart 14 14 18 14 19 

Turp 13 12 14 15 17 

Dunk 10 12 15 13 16 

McGill 12 10 17 13 17 

Mallory 14 13 17 13 16 

Mitchell 9 13 14 13 17 

ViVian 9 14 18 12 18 

Marlatt 13 14 15 8 15 

Dewar 13 13 8 12 

Kelly 13 11 15 9 13 

Galbraith 11 13 19 14 19 

C. Scane 14 12 16 11 17 

Oldershaw 15 15 15 14 18 

Reid 11 14 19 14 18 

Cantelon 10 13 IS 12 17 

Cofley 13 14 14 11 15 

Aitken 13 13 17 11 16 

McDonald 10 6 12 8 

Webb 13 12 13 10 13 

Day 13 10 15 12 16 

Dodds 10 12 18 12 15 

Buck 15 12 16 

Lang 15 

Graham 9 7 

Mahler 9 14 8 

McCall 

MERCHANDISE EVENT— 10 BIRDS — 
SECOND DAY. 

Four Entries permitted— two high scores 
to count. 

Prize Winners. 10 10 10 10 

Breckon 7 6 10 10 20 

H. Scane 8 9 10 10 20 

Fletcher 9 10 10 20 

Upton 9 7 10 10 20 

Hart 10 7 9 10 20 

Oldershaw 9 10 .19 

Day 7 9 8 10 19 

Dunk 8 5 10 9 19 

Turp ' 7 9 6 10 19 



15 15 


20 


20 




S.A. 


— 


B. Bke. 


G.T. 


15 11 


17 


16 


— 


155 ■ 


— 


134 - 


151 


— 


285 


13 15 


17 


19 


— 


155 


— 


139 — 


157 


— 


296 


13 13 


18 


20 


— 


155 


— 


143 - 


157 


— 


3O0 


14 15 


17 


16 


— 


155 


— 


141 - 


160 


— 


301 


13 12 


17 


17 


— 


155 


— 


130 — 


158 


— 


288 


11 13 


18 


18 


— 


155 


— 


126 — 


150 


— 


276 


13 14 


18 


18 


— 


155 


— 


132 - 


156 


— 


288 


14 10 


14 


19 


— 


155 


— 


130 - 


152 


— 


282 


13 13 


15 


18 


— 


155 


— 


125 - 


146 


— 


271 


12 12 


18 


17 


— 


155 


— 


130 - 


151 


— 


282 








— 


85 


— 


65 — 


162 


— 


227 


12 11 


15 




— 


115 


— 


84 — 


124 


— 


208 


14 10 


17 




— 


135 


— 


102 - 




— 


102 


12 12 






— 


115 


— 


100 — 


141 


— 


242 


11 12 






— 


115 


— 


93 — 


146 


— 


239 


11 11 


18 


18 


— 


155 


— 


135 — 




— 


135 


14 13 


19 


16 


— 


155 


— 


138 - 


148 


— 


286 


13 9 


15 




— 


135 


— 


107 - 


151 


— 


258 








— 


85 




67 - 


154 


— 


221 


12 11 


16 


11 


— 


155 


— 


120 — 




— 


120 


10 10 


14 




— 


115 




70 - 




— 


70 


14 10 


17 


14 


— 


155 




116 - 


145 


— 


261 


14 12 


17 


17 


— 


155 




126 - 


132 


— 


258 


11 10 


17 




— 


135 




105 - 




— 


105 


14 11 


13 


17 


— 


125 




98 - 




— 


98 


13 13 


14 


17 


— 


90 




72 — 




— 


72 








— 


- 30 




16 - 




— 


16 








— 


50 




31 - 


124 


— 


155 


10 


18 


18 


— 


55 




■ 46 - 




— 


46 


Mitchell 










.. 10 


8 


9 


19 


Mallory.. 


.... 








... 10 


8 


9 


19 


Galbraith .. 








.. 9 


10 


9 


19 


Kelly... . 










8 


9 


9 


18 


Buck 












... 9 


6 


9 


4 18 


Winnett 










... 8 


8 


8 


10 18 


Vivian . 










... 9 


9 


9 


3 18 


Dodds.... 










... 10 


8 


7 


5 18 


Tillman. 










... 10 


8 


6 


7 18 


Altkins.. 










... 9 


k 


9 


18 


McNeil 










... 9 


7 


9 


18 


C. Scane... 








... 8 


9 


7 


17 


Lang ... 










... 9 


8 


5 


17 


McG 


ill . 










... 9 


" 


8 


17 



242 



ROD AND GbN IN CANADA 



NOTES. 

The Secretary received letters of regret 
from "Injun", "Copperhead", "King Cole" 
"Choke Bore", "Pomar" and several oth- 
ers of the Tribe. "Choke's" is worthy of 
repetition, it is as follows: — 

"That last blow left the old hull in 
bad shape. Think several planks weire 



started. Port light is of little use. Think 
I could take very little freight into Lon- 
don, so have gone into dry dock, and will 
not have time to make repairs sufficient to 
stand the weather you are likely to have 
about that time, but trust to be in heap 
good .shape for next time." 



■f-t-> 



Clifford Gun Club Tournament. 



Clifford Gun Club shoot on June 22nd 
was largely attended and turned out one 
of the finest shoots ever held in the west- 
ern district. About 30 shooters were pres- 
ent. Some phenomenal shooting was done 
by Geo. B. Smith of Ayton, Ont., and Mr. 
SBA Sui^ooi{S JiailJ, •OL^uoIox '^unQ o^o 
considered a record breaker considering a 
fairly strong wind in the morning and that 
they shot from 19 yards, but mostly from 
20 yard mark. Mr. Smith broke 97 out of 
his first 100, using his own loaded shell 
and shooting his famous Ithaca No. 6/ gun. 
Mr. Dunk broke 94 out of 100, shooting a 



Kefever and finally won high average with 
Mr. Smith two birds behind. 

Some fine shooting was done by some 
of the Owen Sound boys. Mr. Wm. Huether 
of Neustadt, who is just starting in with 
the boys did excellent work, also, and 
says he's going to attend more shoots. He 
will certainly 'be appreciated by all sports- 
men and is himself one of the finest sporks- 
men in this section. The Clifford boys were 
congratulated on the shoot they had given. 
They are a true set of sports. Chas. Wil- 
lets, Secretary. 



Names. 


10 


10 


15 10 


10 


20 


10 


10 


15 


10 


10 


10 T'l. 


Morrison ... . 


6 


9 


11 9 


9 


16 


9 


7 


11 


7 


8 


7 — 109 


Harrison ... . 


7 


7 


9 9 


7 


17 


9 


10 


11 


8 


i 


9 - 110 


McLaren 


8 


8 


12 8 


6 


15 


i 


8 


14 


7 


9 


7 - 189 


Harris 


8 


9 


14 8 


7 


15 


9 


7 


14 


8 


10 


9 - 118 


Jarvis 


7 


8 


14 6 


9 


15 


8 


3 


11 


8 


i 


5 — 101 


Dunk 


. 10 


9 


13 9 


10 


19 


10 


9 


15 


10 


10 


5 — 129 


Smith 


. 10 


9 


15 f 


!l 


20 


10 


10 


13 


5 


9 


8 - 127 


Mallory ... .... 


9 


7 


11 9 


7 


18 


9 


7 


14 


8 


9 


9 — 117 


Baetz 


. 6 


8 


12 8 


9 


16 


6 


9 


9 


6 


8 


- 97 


Heuther 


7 


8 


8 8 


9 


in 


10 


7 


10 


9 


9 


9 — 104 


i>teinmiller ... 


fi 


3 


4 


4 


1 









3 





2 - 25 


Mahler 


6 


8 


10 9 


1 


17 


8 


8 


10 


5 


10 


8 - 106 


Willits 


5 


7 


6 


4 




10 


4 








5-41 


F. Smith 


4 






8 




6 








6 


— 24 


J. Smith ... . 


3 


8 


10 6 


5 




6 










— 38 


Perdue 


. 8 


7 


14 7 


9 


16 


i 


9 


12 


i 


10 


6 - 112 


Beetche 


.5 


4 


3 


5 












6 


— 23 


Bennet 


7 


5 


6 
















6—24 


Hillhouse ... . 


9 


7 


6 






6 










- 28 


Eckenswiller 


5 


3 


4 






2 











5—19 


Doersam 




7 


10 8 


1 


13 


S 


1 


13 


i 


9 


6—95 


Bieman 






4 






3 










3-10 


Hamilton 








9 


15 


- 


4 


9 




9 


5—58 


Johnston 








6 












8 


9-23 


Campbell 


















4 




— 4 


Taylor 


















5 




— 5 


The last shooot was 


Jacli 


Rabbits 



















ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



243 



Quebec Gun Club Tournament. 



The first annual tournament of the Que- 
bec Gun Club took place at the Kent 
House, on Saturday, June 17th. Although 
a strong and cold east wind blew full in 
the faces of the shooters, good scores were 
made and the tournament on the whole 
was a great success. Apart from a good 
turnout of local cracks, Sherbrooke and 
Montreal, each sent down a team. 

The high average of the day was won 
bv W. H. Ewina: of the Montreal Gun 



Club, with 131 out 1(30 and H. des Rivier- 
ies, of Quebec, a close second with 128. 
Event No. 8 not included in average. 

The eighth event was the team race, in 
which Sherbrooke was high with Quebec 
second. 

The ninth event was for the Foy Cup. 

In the Merchandise event, Mr. RainviUe, 
Montreal, carried oft first prize, with 
Messrs. Pepsin and Montambault second 
and third respectively. 

The following are the scores: — 





Events— 1 





3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


9 


10 


11 - S.A. Bke 




Targets — 20 


15 


20 


5 


15 


10 


25 


25 


10 


15 — 160 — 


H. des Rivieries 


17 


10 


16 


4 


9 


10 


20 


23 


9 


9 _ 160 - 128 


D. J. Kearney 


13 


11 


I'i 


1 


8 


6 


17 


16 


6 


9 _ 160 — 10« 


\\. H. Ewing' 


17 


13 


16 


5 


14 


9 


17 


23 


e 


11 _ 160 - 131 


J. K. Boswell 


15 


10 


n 





9 


3 


16 


17 


e 


V _ 160 — 99 


NT Candlish 


15 


9 
11 


10 

16 


4 
3 


14 
8 


6 

7 


19 
19 


16 
19 


7 
5 


11 _ 160 — 111 


J. B. Goodhue 


14 


8 - 160 - 110 


T. M. Craig 


14 


13 


17 


4 


12 


8 


19 


18 


7 


11 - 160 - 133 


Capt. Panet 


11 


9 


13 


4 


10 


6 


7 


18 


4 


4 — 160 — 86 


G. W. Howard 


12 


13 


14 






4 


16 


18 


2 


7 _ 148 - 86 


C. G. Thompson ... 


17 


11 


17 


4 


11 


t 


21 


16 


5 


4 - 159 — 113 


E. R. Pepin 


17 


11 


16 


5 


11 


8 


14 


18 


8 


11 _ 160 — 119 


C. A. Lafrance 


8 


5 


11 


2 


8 


5 


9 


16 


4 


7 _ 160 - 75 


R. 0. Montambault . 


15 


10 


_16 


1 


6 


5 


14 


13 


9 


8 _ 160 — 97 


N. G. Bray 


15 


' 14 


'l5 


4 


12 


9 


14 


19 


10 


11 _ 160 - 133 


J. Rainville 


15 


13 


12 





13 


8 


9 


32 


6 


9 _ 160 - 109 


Bishop 




8 




4 






6 






- 45 — 18 


F. Furcotte 













4 


9 






8 — 50 — 31 


F Due:o"an 












5 








- 10 - 5 


McG. Burroughs 


"... zrz 












11 






- 25 - 11 


F. H. Wood 














10 






— 25 — 10 


Dr. Larue 














13 


18 




8 - 65 - 39 



Team Event— 35 Targets— H. Des Rivieries 17, D. J. Kearney 18, W. H. Ewing 
20, J. K. Boswell 17, N. Candlish 16, T. M. Craig 23, G. W. Howard 17, C. G. 
Thompson 16, E. R. Pepin 15, Montambault 17, N. G. Bray 17, Rainville 15. 



Maple City Gun Club Tournament. 



The annual tournament of the Maple 
City Gun Club, Chatham, Ont., was held 
on the club grounds, in that city, June 1st 
and 2nd. The weather was fine both days 
and the conditions were favorable to good 
scores, apart from the sliding handicap, 
16-20 yards, which was used and had a 



tendency to keep down the averages. Three 
expert traps, sergeant system, were used. 

Straight scores were made by B. W. 
Glover, H. D. Bates, J. Oldershaw, W. A 
Smith, Harry Scane and J. W. Aiken. 

The "News" Trophy was won again 
this vear bv H. D. Bates with a score of 



244 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



]9 out of 20, after shooting oft the tie 
with J. W. Aili<cii and J. Oldershaw. 

High average for both days was won by 
H. D. Bates with 306 out of 335, after a 
stiff struggle with Harry Scane ("Little 
Sure Shot") who led the way up to the 
last event, when he dropped one behind, 



sho.lls, except Smith, who used "Empire" 
powder in "Sovereign" shells and J. S. 
Brown who used "Infallible" in "Repeat- 
er" shells. 

The present officers of the club are J.J. 
Moore, President; J. Oldershaw, Vice-Pres- 
ident; W. J. Bennett, Treasurer; J. W. 




M.M'I.K CITY OfN CLUB TOrRNAHKNT, jrNIC 1ST .VND 2ND 

getting second average with 305. J. Older- 
shaw won third average with 296. The 
other averages were J. J. Moore 292, W. 
A. Smith 284, F. H. Conover 281, C. Has- 
ker212. 

Of over 30 shooters present all used the 
Niehol load, "Dupont" powder and Ely 



Aitken, Secretary; Executive Committee, 
J. J. Moore, J. Oldershgw, W. Paulucci, 
W. H. Niehol and J. W. Aitken. 

Conover, Dupont representative, was 
present and was busy during both days 
shaking hands with Dupont friends. 

The scores are as follows: — 



FIRST DAY, JUNE 1ST. 



Events — 


1 





3 


4 


*5 


6 


7 


8 




Targets ■ 


- 20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


- 160 


F. H. Conover 


16 


19 


15 


19 


18 


17 


16 


19 


- 139 


W. A. Smith 


16 


20 


12 


17 


18 


19 


17 


20 


- 139 


H. Scane 


19 


20 


19 


18 


16 


19 


17 


19 


— 147 


J J Moore 


17 
13 


17 
14 


19 
15 


17 
14 


18 
11 


19 
14 


18 

12 


18 
19 


— 143 


W. Paulucci 


- 112 


J. Oldershaw 


19 


18 


16 


18 


19 


17 


18 


18 


- 143 


E. Mahler 


12 


17 


17 


16 


15 


18 


16 


12 


— 123 


\V. Niehol 


12 


12 


12 


13 


14 


10 


14 


7 


— 94 


C. Scane 


16 


13 


17 


16 


16 


17 


16 


19 


- 120 


J. W. Aiken 


20 


19 


14 


16 


19 


16 


14 


15 


- 1.'3 


H D Bates 


14 


19 


17 


19 


19 


fin 


19 


19 


— 116 


C. A. Haskel • 


5 


12 


14 


18 


16 


19 


17 


16 


— 117 


Labombarbe 








13 












McKay 












19 








*News Trophy Event. 




















Shoot off for News Trophy— 


Bates 


18, Oldersha 


w 17, 


Aiken 15. 








SECOND DAY, 


JUNE 


2ND. 












Events — 1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


*6 


7 


8 


9 - 


- To'l. 


Targets 20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


15 


20 


20 


20 


— 175 


G. Laing 17 


15 


16 


9 


15 


14 


14 


13 




— 


B. W. Glover 18 


18 


13 


17 


17 


15 


15 


17 


16 


— 146 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



245 



C. Scane 17 

J. S. Brown 14 

H. D. Bates 18 

F. H. Conover 16 

W. A. Smith 15 

H. Scane 18 

J. J. Moore 18 

W. Paiilucci 13 

J. W. Aitken 12 

J. Oldershaw 18 

C. Haskel 16 

Dr. Kelly 15 

D. McDonald 17 

W. Nichol 14 

Mahler 

Bennett 

Dr. Perdue 

W. R. Miller 

"Buck" 

McKay 

"Irish" 

Elliott 

Daniels 

D. Smith 

George Taylor 

J. Aitken _. 

J. McCoig 

Milner , „. 

McNeal 

Kerr 

William Bilton 

'Merchandise event. 



15 


14 


13 


15 


12 


15 


14 




— 


17 


14 


13 


15 


12 


19 


15 


19 


- 138 


19 


18 


17 


20 


15 


19 


17 


19 


- 158 


17 


16 


17 


15 


14 


14 


17 


16 


— 142 


16 


18 


16 


17 


13 


17 


14 


19 


— 145 


19 


19 


19 


18 


12 


18 


17 


18 


- 158 


19 


16 


15 


18 


12 


16 


17 


18 


- 149 


13 


6 


5 


14 


4 


10 


6 







10 


17 


14 


11 


6 


9 


7 







17 


18 


17 


16 


13 


18 


20 


18 


— 153 


13 


16 


15 


12 


10 


16 


12 


15 


- 125 


15 


19 


14 


15 


13 


19 


11 


13 


- 134 


18 


17 


16 


17 


12 


19 


16 




— 


14 


11 




12 


12 


12 


13 




— 


12 


12 






10 


13 


15 




— 


16 


18 
13 






13. 
13 
13 


19 
13 






— 








18 


14 


16 


17 




— 








16 


14 


18 


17 




— 








18 


11 


15 


19 




— 








15 


13 

13 

10 

7 

12 

14 

9 

9 

9 

11 


16 
16 
18 
14 
16 
14 
15 
12 


17 

18 
15 

15 
16 




— 



Grand Valley Shoot. 



The Grand' "Valley Gun Club of Grand shooting was of the gilt-edge variety, and 

Valley, Ont., held an open tournament on the spectators at times were treated to 

Dominion Day. The programme consisting some rare exhibitions of marksmanship, 

of twelve events totalling 175 targets was Competitors were present from Arthur, 

shot off without a hitch. The day opened Clifford, Drayton and Toronto. The high 

fine with no wind, an ideal day for good average for the day was won by McGill of 

scores, but towards the close was showery. Toronto with 158 out of 175 shot at.- Mal- 

This being the maiden effort of the Club lory of Drayton and Dunk of Toronto tied 

in the way of holding a tournament they for second high average with 157 breaks 

are to be congratulated in the efficient each. 

manner in which it was conducted. The The following are the scores:— 

attendance of competitors though small the 

Events 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 

No. Targets— 10 15 15 20 10 10 15 25 10 15 20 10 — — 

McGill 10 13 15 18 7 7 15 24 9 14 17 9 — 175 — 158 

Dey 8 12 13 16 8 7 15 21 9 12 18 7 — 175 — 146 

Mallorv 10 12 14 18 7 9 14 24 8 14 17 10 — 175 — 157 



246 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



X. X 9 12 12 17 

Dunk - 9 14 12 17 

Brockelbank 8 12 11 16 

Dent 7 11 10 15 

Perdue ... , 10 9 13 17 

Ferguson 6 10 13 19 

Kennedy 4 12 7 13 

Kay 7 9 

Forgrave 6 12 

Dr. Campbell 7 7 

T. H. Hamilton 2 

Shields 7 

Tate 

Ilaslam 



5 


8 


13 


20 


9 


12 


15 


5 


- 175 — 137 


9 


9 


15 


24 


7 


14 


18 


9 


- 175 — 157 


8 


6 


13 


16 


8 


11 


19 


8 


- 175 — ise 


7 


6 


13 


17 


8 


9 


19 


5 


- 175 — 127 


8 


9 


13 


21 


10 


9 


14 


9 


- 175 — 142 


5 


7 


10 


15 


5 


13 


14 


6 


- 175 - 123 


4 


(i 


7 




4 


7 


12 


7 


— 150 — 83 


i 


.') 






6 








-55-34 


4 


(1 




14 


5 






5 


— 90 — 52 


6 


7 
2 






6 

1 






7 


- 65 — 40 

- 20 - 3 

- 25 — 9 



10 — 



2 — 20 



■¥->t-¥ 



Montreal Gun Club Tournament. 



The Montreal Gun Club held their an- 
nual tournament at that city on May 25th, 
26th and 27th. The shoot brought to- 
gether some of the best shot experts in 
Canada and the U. S. J. A. R. Elliott, 
the old-time champion, was present in the 




J. A. R. ELLIOTT. 

interest of the Winchester Arms Co. and 
sustained his good reputation as a shot 
gun expert, breaking 611 out of 645, or 
over !)3 per cent. Dr. Gleason of Boston 
won high average for second and third 
days and grand average for the three days 
with 579 out of 645. Dr. Gleason also won 
the miss and out and merchandise events 
each day during the three days. Of the 
$85.00 ofiercd for high average and miss 
and out and merchandise prizes during the 
tournament he won $80.00. 

High average prize of $5.00 for first 
day was divided between T. M. Craig, 



Sherbrooke, and G. Dumont, 
each scoring 195 out of 215. 
The scores:— 

1st Day 2nd Day 
S.A. B. S.A. B. 

Keajrney 215 164 215 174 

Ewing 215 186 215 188 

Redman 215 174 215 172 

Gilman 215 180 215 166 

Upton 215 190 215 185 

McDuff 215 184 

T.M. Craig.... 215 195 215 176 

Muskrat 215 172 215 176 

Williams 215 158 215 176 

J. A. R. Elliott— 

215 208 215 197 

Head 215 188 215 159 

Gleason 215 190 215 193 

Dumont 215 195 215 186 

Landriault .... 195 158 215 182 

RainVille 215 182 

Heney 215 178 

N. Candlish.... 180 160 

Brodeur 215 150 190 134 

St. Jean 215 182 

Cameron 175 142 130 99 

.]. Braithwaite — 

105 78 45 35 

Desriviers 105 88 

Holcombe 145 103 155 116 

Burroughs 105 81 

Paine 130 104 

Wcstover 130 104 105 89 

Fraser 105 86 

\'an 105 85 



Montreal, 


3rd Day. 
S.A. B. 


215 


179 


215 
215 
215 


176 
17» 

175 


95 


77 


215 


206 


215 
215 


196 
190 



35 28 



215 171 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



247 



Ben 


70 
70 


50 


Burr 


54 


F. Braithwaite 


45 


29 


Bredenberg ... 


40 


29 


Hanson 


45 


26 


F. Elliott 


10 


8 


A. Braithwaite 


40 


24 


Montamtault . 


70 


47 


Pepin 


70 


52 


Lewis 


85 


67 


Scriver 


40 


33 



T.A. Duff 145 98 215 156 

Koldfete 130 99 

W. Hiraig 215 170 

A.B.Hutcheson 145 120 

J. Kenyon .... 55 3? 

♦♦♦ 

Trap ite m 

Mr. C. W. Hart, shooting his Lefever 
Arms Co. gun, won high amateur average 
51 at two days shoot, at London, Ontario, 
Canada, June 8-9th. 



Hamilton Gun Club. 



The Hamilton Gun Club's regular club 
•hoot was held on Saturday, June 3rd. 
Overholt Trophy. 

Targets 10 25 15 

Upton 8 23 12 

Fletcher 9 23 — 

Hunter 7 25 12 

Wark T 23 — 

Friend 8 20 

Ben It 10 21 15 

Ripley 10 21 15 

Ben R 8 

Maxwell 7 

Truesdale 2 

Thomson, Walter 9 22 13 

Johnson 7 18 12 

Cline, G 7 

Bowron 9 



9 



— 8 



13 
11 



19 8 
15 13 



Cline, J : 9 22 12 

Dunham ....". 9 16 — 

Hunt 10 20 14 

Barnard 8 17 12 

Clifford 7 14 _ 

Dean 8 17 8 

Dr. Green 10 23 — 

Wilson — 22 14 

Horning — 21 12 

Lee _ 13 4 

Thomson, C — 5 ^ 

Fletcher — 22 — 

There was also a match race between 
Ben It, Thomson and Ripley, score being 
as follows: Ben It 22, Thomson 20, Ripley 
23. There are two more shoots yet to de- 
»ide the winner of the Overholt trophy. 



Ayton, Ont., Tournament. 



The Sportsman's Gun Club of Ayton, 
Ont., held their annual tournament on the 
club grounds, June 1st and 2nd. Unfor- 
tunately for all concerned the dat-es selec- 
ted for this shoot were taken by others, al- 
so, no doubt unwittingly, and the Ayton 
boys felt that their attendance was cut in- 
to as a result. 

The Ayton club had a good programme 
and had to rush both days to get the 
events completed. 

Fine weather prevailed both days and 
about 25 shooters were in attendance, 
most shooting through both days. 

Shooters were present from Elmwood, 
Walkerton, Clifford, Neustadt, Otter 



Creek. Mr. H. A. Mallory, Drayton, and 
Mr. G. 2\r. Dunk, Toronto, were also pres- 
ent. 

Mr. G. B. Smith's new system of di- 
viding the money was used and much ad- 
mired and turned out fine, of course, in 
favor of the low amateurs. 

Mr. A. M. Dunk, Toronto, won high av- 
erage both days with G. B. Smith, Ayton, 
second, with 5 birds behind. Everybody 
was well pleased and promised to come 
back with more men next year. Ayton 
boys promise to put up a two day shoot 
next year with a programme that will ex- 
cel anvthing "ever vet." 



248 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Ottawa Traps. 



ST. HUBERT'S WEEKLY SHOOT. 

The St. Hubert's Gun Club held its 
weekly shoot Saturday, June 24th, at 
Westboro. In class A, W. L. Cameron 
headed the list with 44, while H. O'Con- 
nor had a similar score for Class B. The 
results follow: 

Class A. 

W. L. Cameron (18 yds) 22 22 — 44 

W. J. Johnston (18 yds) 21 22 — 43 

A. W. Throop (18 yds) 20 21 — 41 

F. A. Heney (18 yds) 16 24 — 40 



W. Slaney (16 yds) 21 19 — 40 

Geo. Easdale (18 yds) 20 20 — 40 

C. Brodeur (16 yds) 17 22 — 39 

Class B. 

H. O'Connor (16 yds) 22 22 — 44 

J. E. Brown (16 yds) 19 20 — 39 

C. J. Booth (18 yds) 15 20 — 35 

Geo. Graves (16 yds) 13 21 — 34 

E. R. McNeil (16 yds) 12 17 — 29 

C. B. Dougherty (16 yds) 10 8 — 18 

P. A. Trudeau (16 yds) 23 ... — 23 

Wm. Chatillon (16 yds) 16 ... — 16 



Tournament Dates. 



Editor Rod and Gun:— 

Please allow me space for a few , lines 
as to gun clubs interfering with other 
clubs' days chosen to hold a shoot. 

I had my programmes out very early 
and Rod and Gun was good enough and 
advertised my days in diflerent copies, but 
still other gun clubs went and chose same 
dates and probably gave me less shooters 
and themselves as well. Chatham boys cer- 
tainly saw my days advertised long before 
they thought of having a shoot and it 
seems to me some gun clubs think we peo- 
ple in the western part are only a side af- 
fair, but let it be remembered we can buck 
up against any gun club outside the larger 
city clubs and hold as good and probably 
a better one. 

Now what I would like to make known 



is, if Rod and Gun is good enough to ad- 
vertise each individual shoot, I don't see 
any reason for any club to set their shoot 
on any dates any other club has set theirs. 
I say to all gun clubs, watch Rod and 
Gun next year and take a list of the dates 
clubs have decided to hold their shoots on 
and then choose diflerent dates from what 
have been already engaged by some clubs. 

.\nd let everybody who is a sport read 
Rod and Gun, which does certainly very 
much for us sportsmen in the line of mak- 
ing known the different shoots. 

Hoping no offence will be taken by this 
but its to every gun club's advantage to 
have dates separate from others. 

Yours truly, 

Geo. B Smith. 
Avton, Ont. 



Stray Pellets 



Westmount Gun Club, Montreal, held 
their annual tournament May 24th. There 
were forty-five competitors including J. A. 
R. Elliott, representing Winchester Arms 
Co. Mr. Elliott did good work with his 
old reliable "pump" breaking 143 out of 
160. High average was won by W. H. Ew- 
ing and G. Dumont, both of Montreal. with 
134 each out of 170. Good individual 
scores during the day were made by Hen- 



ey, Dumont, M<-nuif, Upton. Lewis. Ew- 
ing, St. Jean, Westover, Redman, Hutchi- 
son, Elliott, Craig, Thompson and Musk- 
rat. 

Messrs. W. H. Ewing and G. Dumont 
who won high average at Westmount used 
the Dominion Cartridge Co.'s new "Sov- 
ereign" load. Mr. Dumont did good shoot- 
ing the following days at Montreal, tieing 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



249 



for high average first day. Mr. Ewing, al- 
so, on June 17th won high average at Que- 
bec. 

Sometime during the winter some van- 
dal broke into the Leamington (Ont.) Gun 
Club trap house and club house, and, with 
an axe, destroyed all the traps, and blue 
rocks on the premises. There seems to be 
some human vermin in almost every com- 
munity capable of just such wanton and 
cowardly acts. We hope the culprit will be 
caught and given the term in gaol he is 
entitled to. 

Gun club secretaries would confer a fav- 
or by sending in reports of practice shoots 
and tournaments, direct, and not compel 
us to rely on newspaper reports for our 
scores. Typographical errors in the news- 
paper, in names or scores, are sure to be 
repeated unless the editor of his own know- 
ledge, which is not always sufficient, can 
correct them. A shoot that is worth re- 
porting at all, is worth reporting correct- 
ly, and we wish to do this in every case. 
Furthermore we think that where we de- 
vote, as we have done, considerable of our 
space to advertising coming tournaments 
we are entitled to the courtesy of an ori- 
ginal report of the result of such tourna- 
ments. 

In our report of Stanley Club Tourna- 
ment last month we omitted to state that 
BIr. Ci. M. Dunk, Toronto, was the winner 
of the handsome silver cigar cabinet pre- 
sented by James D. Bailey, Esq., jeweler, 
Toronto, tor the best average by a Toron- 
to shooter. Mr. Dunk has taken his place 
in the front rank of Canadian trap shoot- 
ers and is doing consistently good work 
this season. 

The Hurlingham Gun Club, London. 
Eng., has abolished pigeon shooting at the 
club. The club members have gone into 
the game of polo strongly and claim that 
it is less expensive and brings a better 
revenue to the club. Many titled sports- 
men attended the annual meeting and near- 
ly all of them approved of the club's ac- 
tion. The : pigeon shooting element made a 
strong fight but had to yield to the polo 
loving majority. 



9 <*.<*--<*.<*. -5^ -< 



,<*.<*.€ 
^ 



R.&W. Kerr 

2226 2232 St. Catherine St. 

nONTREAL. 

CAMPER'S 
OUTFITTERS 



Sweaters, Clothing, 

Tents, 
Cookiiiir Outfits. 



Owners and patentees of the 

L. O. Armstrong 
Portage Bag 

The only practical, waterproof 
Portage Bag made. Light, con- 
venient to use and effective. 

PRICE. $5.00. 



Selling Agents for 

Hardy Bros., Alnwick 

Gold Medal English Fishing 

Tackle, 
Hardv Salmon Rods, 

Hardy Trout Rods, 
Hardy Flies. 



Our 120 page catalogue, fully illustrated, 
\'^ mailed on request to any address. 



OUTFIT IN 
MONTREAL. 



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250 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



In a circular letter, Messrs. John W. 
Garrett, A. J. Lawton, and D. C. Sander- 
son of Colorado Springs Gun Club Tourna- 
ment Committee, make some remarks 
which are applicable on this side of the 
border. They say: "It has often occurred 
to the undersigned that perhaps the -ihoot- 
ing fraternity of America does not appre- 
ciate fully what the sportsmen's journals 
throughout this land of ours are doing, 
and have done, for the greatest of all pas- 
times, trap shooting. We trap shooters 
are apt to fall into a rut and forget that 
every lover of the art of shooting owes a 
debt of gratitude and his financial support 
to the many journals over the land tlat 
weekly or monthly fill their columns with 
notices of 'coming events' and then record 
these events in every detail when the same 
are pulled of!. To the sportsmen's press it 
is due largely that today trap shooting oc- 
cupies the enviable position it does, being 
in the very front rank of outdoor sports 



and pastimes. The fact that the work of 
the press means bread and butter to the 
publisher does not cover the situation. 
What does it mean to the great army of 
trap shooters and sportsmen ? These pub- 
lications mean the keeping alive, the for- 
ward march and advancement of one of the 
cleanest and most healthful sports in the 
world today. They need the support of 
every trap shot in the universe, a helping 
hand, a kind word, a little more financial 
support in the way of subscriptions ; gun 
clubs to report more regularly their prac- 
tice shoots and tournaments, their poor as 
well as their good scores. Postage is not 
expensive." 

W. R. Crosby made a new world's record 
at Ohio Trapshooters' League Tournament 
by breaking 419 straight in two days con- 
tinuous shooting from diBerent traps. The 
best previous record was that made by 
himself in 1901. a run of 343 straight. 




Trade Notes. 



The Lefever gun won 1st, 2nd and 3rd 
general high amateur averages at the 3rd 
Annual Target Championship of the Ken- 
tucky Trapshooters League tournament 
held at Louisville, Ky., on May 29, 30 
and 31. Lefever guns are constantly estab- 
lishing high averages in the hands of both 
amateur and professional shooters. Send to 
the Lefever .\rnis Co. of Syracuse, N. Y., 
for a free handsomely illustrated 1905 cat- 
alogue before purchasing. 



BUSINESS PROSPERITY. 

A business that has come into high 
prominence both with the sportsman and 
the trade generally is the Warren Sporting 
Goods Co., situated at 10 King St. East, 
Toronto. Within the last eighteen months 



the business has grown steadily and today 
ihey carry one of the finest stocks of 
Fishing Tackle, Guns and Ammunition to l)e 
found in Canada. They have lately added 
to their undertakings by manufacturing all 
classes of leather and canvas goods and 
this, with their gun repair shops and fish- 
ing rod manufacturing makes them one of 
the most desirable firms to do business 
with, as they can supply everything re- 
quired in the sporting goods trade. 



CUSHIONS. 
"Nothing so rare as resting on air." 
Followers of the sport with rod or gun 
will enjoy their trip ten-fold as well as 
they did a few years ago. and for this in- 
crease of pleasure the inventor of the 
pneumatic mattress and cushion is to be 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



251 



thanked. The Ontario Ru'bber Co. of To- 
ronto has come to the assistance of Camp- 
ers, Yachtsmen and all out-of-doors sports- 
men, by supplying the pneumatic mattress. 
This ideal air bed does duty in house, 
camp or boat. You can deflate it, and 
pack it in your trunk or shawl strap. 

"The curse of camping is rheumatics." 

"The cure for rheumatics is pneuma- 
tics."' 

Xo reason now to suffer from rheuma- 
tism by exposure to the tiamp ground. 

An air mattress does not absorb mois- 
ture, never gfows musty or ill smelling, 
and does not mat down. It is superior to 
any mattress made with hair springs or 
cotton. It is a triumph of air over hair. 

Besides the mattresses and cushions 
sold by this firm, they supply waterproof 
coats and capes, for fishing, shooting, and 
motoring, fishing pants, shooting boots, 
and in fact "everything in rubber." 

By writing to the Ontario Rubber Com- 
pany, Toronto, and mentioning Rod and 
Gun, you can secure an illustrated price 
list of the air mattresses and cushions sold 
bv them. 



REPORT GUT CROP 1905. 

The gut crop last year, 1904, was the 
smallest produced for the last 25 years, 
consequently prices were advanced, but the 
preEent crop, 1905, is less than the aver- 
age, and stocks being low, prices for raw 
material have advanced. 

As regards the heavier classes the sup- 
ply is the smallest for the last dozen 
vears. 



THE GRAND AMERICAN HANDICAP. 
At the Grand American Handicap in In- 
dianapolis, the wonderful uniformity and 
splendid shooting qualities of Winchester 
Factory Loaded Shells were convincingly 
demonstrated. Mr. Barber, the winner of 
the big event and also the Preliminary 
Handicap, Bhot Winchester shells. W. R. 
Crosby, who won first average for the 
tournament, Fred Gilbert, who won sec- 
ond average and the winner of the high 
amateur average, all shot Winchester 
Shells. C. E. Binyon, of Chicago, who 
made the splendid score of 99 out of 100 
in the Consolation Handicap, also shot 
Winchester Shells. Mr. Barber, who is an 
amateur, established a new world's record 



for the three handicap events with his 
great scores of 99, 98 and 97, and also 
made a run of 157 straight. Mr. Crosby 
during the tournament, made a run of 212 
straight, all of which goes to show what 
wonderful scores can be made by great 
shots when Winchester Shells, which are 
as near perfection as American brains and 
ingenuJty catf^ make them, are used. 

THE MOHAWK DARTER. 

This wonderful spoon bait is being put 
on the market by Clark-Horrocks Co. 
Wherever shown it has proven to be very 
popular. 

The Mohawk Darter not only spins but 
darts at the same time, as it goes through 
the water, thus resembling a minnow in 
its action of swimming. 

The price of Mohawk Darter is 35 cents, 
and a sample is sent by the manufacturers 
on receipt^ of the price, although they pre- 
fer customers buying these of the trade, as 
they can be procured of any dealer. 

Address Clark-Horrocks Co., Utica, N. 
Y., and mention this magazine. 

The D. of C. T. S. and G. P. Assn. 

5tb Annual 
ournament 

AT OTTAWA 

p[ug. 16, IT, 18, '05 

$500.00 in Cash over and 
above the purses 

STERLING SILVER CUP— By His ExceUency, 
Earl Grey 

$200 HOLLIS GUN— Donated by Isaac Hollis & 
Son. London, Eng 

$125 COGSWELL & HAPRISON GUN— Donated 
by Cogswell & Harrison, London. Eng. 

$80 PARKER GUN— Donated by Parker Bros., 
Meriden, Conn 

$75 LEFEVER GUN— Donated by Lefever Arms 
Co, Syracuse, NY. 

$75 STERLING SILVER CUP— Donated by 
Kynoch Ltd., Birmingham, Eng. 

SILVER CUP— Donated by H, D. Kirkorer, 
Buffalo, NY 

Association Team Trophies, Mail, Eight Man, 
Individual Championship, Individual Handicap, and 
Brewers and Maltsters Cups, 

If your club has not affiliated, they can do so by 
paying the penalty entry of ten dollars. 



252 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



TORONTO BENCH SHOW. 

If any one were dubious as to the suc- 
cess of the next dog show in connection 
with the next Toronto Exhibition a per- 
usal of the grand list of special prizes of- 
fered by individuals, specialty clubs, and 
the Exhibition Association, would in- 
stantly disabuse the reader's mind of ever 
thinking the word "failure" could be men- 
tioned with same category. There are 
eleven challenge trophies or cups to the 
value of $100 each and over, offered, 31 
cups valued from $25 to $50 each, and 
medals without limit, in fact the total of 
special prizes exceed 280 in number. 

Altogether the list is one of the most 
attractive ever issued in connection with a 
Canadian Dog Show, and will compare 
most favorably with any of the leading 
American ones. Intending exhibitors who 
have not already received a premium list 
should communicate with Dr. J. 0. Orr, 
Toronto, who will gladly furnish one. 

A STEVENS FOR A NAME ! 

Every boy in the land wants a Stev- 
ens. Here is a chance to get a famous 
Stevens Rifle Free. If good at selecting 
names, here's, a fine qpportunity. 

The Stevens Arms and Tool Co. will 
shortly market a new Rifle, especially 
built for Boys— Accurate, Safe, Durable — 
a Stevens all over. They wish to call 
their Rifle something distinctive, individual 
and a name that will best typify it. 

Send in your name now. Try to win a 
priize. 

Their offer terminates August 15th, 
1905. In order to encourage the receipt of 
as many different names as it is possible 
to obtain, they do not restrict you to sup- 
ply but one name. Send in as many as you 
wish— specifying first, second and third se- 
lections, etc. Of course it is understood 
that each competitor can secure but one 
Stevens as a prize. 

One of their popular, well-known Fav- 
orite No. 17 Rifles will be awarded to the 
person sending in the Best name. 

A "Little Krag" No. 65 Rifle will be 
awarded to the contestant submitting the 
second best name. 

A "Crack Shot" No. 16 Rifle will be 
presented to the contestant furnishing the 
third name. 



A "Stevens-Maynard Jr." No. 15 to 
the fourth. 

A Stevens "Tip Up" No. 41 Pistol to 
the Fifth. 

These F'irearms will be delivered Free, 
all charges prepaid. 

The names of the successful contestants 
will be published in the Fall issues of all 
the representative Outdoor and Sports- 
men's Publications. 

Address your communication to: 
Prize Rifle Competition, 
J. St«vens Arms & Tool Co., 
Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, 
U. S. A. 



S FAMOUS 

TROLLING/Xs - 
. SPOONS (^\ 



,,. .„ 'PICKEREL, 



FISHING TACKLE 
DEALERS FISH 
WITH BUEL'S BAITS 

^ WHY? 

SOLD EVERYWHERE 

ALL WIRES ARE 
STEEL 



THE I 
J.T.BUEL CO. 

■ . WHITEHALI., N.V. 

' ORIGINAL INVENTORS 
OFTHETROLLING SPOON. EST.I848 



BUEL'S BAITS 

all iii.-»de with silver, brass, copper and white 
•lamel blades, the while ones for night fishing. 

Ask for Buels extra strong Muskallonge Baits 

For Sale by all the Leading 
Fishing Tackle Dealers. 



A couple of fishermen, on a Saturday to 
Monday trip on the Pine River near Col- 
lingwood, caught 2O0 trout, the record be- 
ing a catch of 60 odd fish by one of them 
in four hours. (They should be ashamed of 
themselves for their greed. Others want to 
fish there.-^Ed.) 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



253 



Iver Johnson 
Safety Automatic 

Hammer, $5.00 
Mammerless, $6.00 

Extra length Barrels, 

50c. per inch. 

Pearl Stocks, $1.25 extra. 



No Fear of 
Accidental 
Discharge 



if it's ao 




IVE^OHNSON 

Safety Automatic Revolver 



because the revolver hammer never touches the firing pin. 

This safety principle, found only in the Iver Johnson, is due to tlie fact 

that the lever which transmits the blow from the hammer to the firing pin 

is never in position to do so except -vlten the trigger is pulled all the way 

hack. All hardware and sporting goods dealers sell Iver Johnson 

Revolvers and can verify these facts if they wil 

SenH for onr iHu<*trated booklet "Shots." mailed free with 
onr descriptive lataloKue and learn the "how and wh>." 

Iver Johnson's Arms and Cycle Works. '57 River St.. FItcbburg, Mass. 

Kew York Office: 99 Chambers Street. 





w. w. 

Greener's 



PIslablished 1829 

GUNSsRIFLES 

Have been acknowledged 
the best for shooting pow- 
ers and rehabilit}' in every 
country for over 25 Years. 

SPECIAL GUNS FOR 

CANADIAN SPORT 

W. W. Greener's Guns and 
Rifles are entirely British 
Made in his own factory. 

SUPPLIED THROUGH ALL 
DEALERS OR DIRECT FROM 

W. W. GREENER, 

St. Mary's Sauare. BIRMINGHAM 

Price Lists Free. 

■When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



254 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Marine Gasoline 
Engines and 
Launches 



Wr: Manufacture 2 Cycle Mar- 
ine engines from 2 lo 6 Horse Power. 
They arc simple, reliable and durable' 

WF. Mamifaciure a 4 Cycle Aut 
omoblle Marine Engine tr< >iii 4 
Horse Pow^r 10 50 Horse Powrr. 
The engine is of the opposed cylinder 
type and reduces vibration to a min- 
imum. When installed it can be 
covered*over entirely and the covering 
furnishes a cross-seat in the hmnch. 
The engine is self lubricating. The 
regulations of the speed both by the 
time of the spark and by the carbure- 
tors as well as the reversing of the 
engine can be operated from the bow 
of the boat. The whole operation of 
the engine is same as that of an auto 
mobile. 

W'K build launches, all sizes, 
constructed after the latest torpedo 
stern. Models fitted with the highest 
grade equipment. Write us for spec- 
ifications and illustrated catalogue to 




Cut of our 2 Cu'lf^ Emjine i to i> IL P. 



T0R0NT© GHS & GASOLINE 

Engine 

eo. 

Limited 




TORONTO 
JUNCTION 

Launch works, 
Lake & York Sts., 
TORONTO. 



We ii/so tn,jnufiicture station. 
Motitl of our Launches ary engints fortns. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD AND GUN IN* CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CAXADA 



255 



: "Empire" and 
"Ballistite 



"1 



55 






of 



These Nobel brands of sporting powder 
were awarded the GRAND PRIZE at 
St. Louis Exhibition, and have recently won 

G.B.S.A. Championship of England 

Championsliip of New York State Champion 
sliip of Kentucky. Championsliip of Italy 
Cliampionship of Spain, Championship 
Australian Commonwealth, etc 

Grand Prix de Pau, Monte Carlo 

AGENTS FOR CANADA: 

Loaded Shells, 

Dominion Cartridge Company. 

Powder. 

Hamilton Powder Company. 



\ 




THE AMERICAN 
PEDOMETER 

WILL TELL YOU '=\''^|°c''h'*^ 

1'JI1 -Milt- Pedometer $1.50 REGULATES TO 
in Mile Pedometer $| 00 STEP OF WEARER 
yumbers on dial reprt.'ient mrles. Hand poults 
out number 0/ ?niles walked. Case of hand- 
some nickel. 1/ you play golf or hunt, iralk 
for business or pleasure, in search of health or 
rei-reation the WALKING IS MADE DOUBLY INTER- 
ESTING ny carrying a Peilometer. At your 
dealer or by mriil on receipt of price. Fully 
Quaranteed. Write for booklet 
THE AMERICAN PEDOMETER CO. 
611 MALLEY BUILDING, NEW HAVEN, CONN. 



Canadian Selling Agents.E. & A. Gunther Co., Toronto 



SPECIAL OFFER 



EIGHTEEN MONTHS FOR ONE DOLLAR 



Good until Aug, 1st, 1905 

ROD AND GUX IX CAXADA is a magazine that undoubtedly proves 
itself a welcome visitor from month to month, being the onl)* publication in America 
devoted exclusively to Hunting, Fishing and Trap-Shooting in Canada. 

Subscription price to ROD AND GUN IN CANADA is One Dollar per 
annum, but as an inducement for you to subscribe before Aug., 1905, we will send you our 
Magazine from Aug., 1905, to February, 1907. eighteen months for One Dollar. 

This is an offer that no live sportsman should ignore. 

Don t wait until tomorrow before sending in your order Between now and 
tomorrow many things may occur that will make you forget the offer, 
which is good only until Aug. 1st, 1905. 

If you are already a subscriber show this to a sportsman friend of yours. 

Address:— W. J. Taylor, Publisher, 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA, Woodstock, Ontario. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



256 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

The Original 



*'CORDINQ» 



^f 



(J. C. CORDING 6 CO.. Limited. 



Established 1839. 




Tor 




and 
General Use 



LEATHER-LINED 



Fishing Boots 



RKQUIRE NO DRESSING. 



RELIABLE 



Waterproof 



SPECIALTIES. 



19 PICCADILLY, 



lokn'er ok 
Air St.,\V. 



BRANCH 

35 St. James St., W. 



LONDON, ENG. 



When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUX IX CAKADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 257 

The Province of Quebec, 

From the Sportsman's View Point. 
♦♦♦ 

No country in the world possesses a greater variety or more at- 
tractions in the line of sport than historic Quebec. When a little 
better known it will surely become the " Mecca " of devotees of sport ; 
the angler is verv much in evidence now even, from ist May to 30th 
September, putting forth his best efforts to secure the silvery salmon, 
the beautiful speckled or sea trout, or yet again the pugnaceous bass. 

Autumn sees the sportsman agam around with rifle or shot-gun, 
tracking the fleet Caribou or Red Deer or snugly ensconced on the 
shores of a lake, waiting for an opportunity to lay low the king of the 
forest, the mighty Moose. Others are content to frequent the hard- 
wood ridges or beaches, in quest of the neffed grouse, or wild fowl. 
Few, if any, return unrewarded for their efforts. 

A large area of territory is now under lease to clubs, but 
there is ample room for more; as for the transcient sportsman, there 
is a wealth of territory at his disposal, e. g. in the Upper Ottawa, St, 
Maurice, Lake St. John and on both sides of the St. Lawrence below 
Quebec City. Access to all these points is easy, either by rail or water 
way. 

Fishing licenses for the season for non-residents, cost $10.00; 
for hunting$25.oo. 

Fishing and hunting territories are obtainable at very reasonable 
rentals, in any part of the Province where crown lands exist. There 
are still some very desirable salmon rivers available in the Lower Gulf 
district. 

The Government will in all probability, alot territory to Fish 
and Game Clubs in the recently created Reserve, in the Peninsula of 
Gaspe, reserving of course the interior for propogation and a limited 
amount of shootina; and fishinsf. 



■&• 



''Laurentides National Park,'' 

This renowned hunting and fishing territory takes on increased 
popularity yearly. Dates for hunting and fishing may be applied for at 
any time. Increased accommodation will be provided for sportsmen 
by I St September, 1905, in the great Caribou Barrens. 
For information of any kind re Sport, address 

The Hon. Minister of Lands, Mines and Fisheries, 

Quebec, P. Q., Canada. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUX I\ CAXADA." 



258 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



> 





fT^' 







HANDY TO CARRY. 



THERE IS NO ARTICLE OF 
FOOD OR DRINK 

So indespensible to the comfort of 
ever}' Camper, Fisherman or 
Hunter as coffee ; hul it must 
be g;ood coffee. 

Se(// Bra ml CoJ/ee is 
the best that money 
can Ijuv 

Packed in i and 2 lb. 
cans only. 

AT ALL DEALERS. 



Chase & Sanborn 



:\IONTRKAI.. 



The "Waterproof" 
MATCH BOX 




An absolute necessity for sports- 
men. It .should be in the hands of 
every outdoor man be he Camper, 
Hunter, Canoeist, Yachtsman or Lum- 
berman. If your dealer does not sell 
them, send fifty cents (50c. ) for one to — 

S. S. BLAISDELL. 
130 Orange Street, Providence, R. I. 



Canadian orders filled by W. J. Taylor, 
Woodstock, Ont. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



MONTREAL AGENTS FOR 

The Canada Launch and 
Engine Works, Limited 

TORONTO 

The N EW "SUPERIOR" ENGINE 



IF IN NEED OF 

.\\vniiigs, Ti-nts, Sails, Flags, Canoes, 
Skirt's. Launches Bout Fittings, Etc. 

IVIc|>lione or Write 

THE "SONNE" 

Awning, Tent 6 Tarpaulin Co., 



Note Address- 



775 Craig St., Montreal, P.Q. 
New No. 329 Craig West. Near Victoria Sq. 

Phones : Main 722 and 726. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



259 



SJft€J^fte 



llul'ric3res.pto;-eriy t!ie sensitive mechanism. 
/With penei-t a-tion ilie ickX never fails ai at 
cniical moment. '" S ia One" w.nt gum. dr>*( 
out. contains no atid. "3 in O.ic" p'^v^ 
' rust on every pan. add- 

ing years to the lilc, and 
brightness lo the beauiy / 
of even the finest. &'o<J \ 
for the rod too— rreserves 
the wood, promoinig pi a- 
bilitv— proletts the met.ii. 
"I" Good for fisher al<<^'l' = 

I 1 J delii-ate. plc^i^-ini odvi j 

keeps off mosiiuilos. 
All dealers. Trial bottle sent f 
Write to 

G. W. COLE CO, 
1-jy Washingtoa Life Bld^ 



REAL 
^REEL 



THERE IS MONEY 

IN TRAPPING FUR 

If you are properly equipped 




The Ne>vlio\ise Trap 

Is necessary. U costs more and earns more than 
any other. 

Absolutely Guaranteed Illustrated catalogue on 

application. 

ONtlDA COMMUNITY LTD..\Niagara Falls, Oat. 




27-Ft Ldtuuch Equipped »ilh a ■-'-■ ylindf r 4 S-4 by 5 Spe«:i!U Brennon Motor 97(>0 



The Detroit River 
Boat and Oar Co. 

I'es.i^ners ard Bui'.der? o: 

HIGH-GRADE PLEASURE BOATS 
Steam, Gas and Electric Launches, 

kaciiig Shells, Sail Yachts, Row Boats 

Uorking Boats. Yacht Tenders. 

Hunting Boats. Barges. Life 

Boats. Buck Heats, Canoes, 

Yawl Boats. St. Lawrence 

K:vfr Skiffs. 

FOREIGN TRADE A SPECIALTY. 

Our Leader — A 22-foot Launch like cut 
for S375. equipped with a 3 H. P, Engine 

D. N. PERRY. Prop. 
WORKS : Foot Orange St. 

WY.*NDOTTE. .MICH. 



Tourists Hunters 
ATTENTION i 



I have nol killed lions with "TeddN", 
on the Lit'.Ie Missouri, nor grizzlies 
with a .22. but 1 supply the most re- 
liable guides and hunters iji the Ca- 
nadian Rockies. 

SPECIALTIES: Fishing. Bear and Caribon Hunting 
TERMS REASONABLE. 



ROBT. E. CAMPBELL, 

Laggan, Alia. C. P. R. Guide. Field. B. C. 



EASTERN GUN WORKS 



We have just received from England 
a shipment of finest Walnut for stocking 
high grade guns. Our work is done by 
an expert and guaranteed. 



WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF GUN REPAIRINO 
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. 



ALEX. JOHNSTON, 

494 Eastern Avenue,Toronto 



"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



26o 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



MOOSE HUNTING 

For the best moose hunting in New- 
Brunswick, come to Armstrong's Camps, 
situated in the wildest parts of the 
province on the head waters of the 
Tobique, Nepisiguit, 



and Miramichi 



For information apply to 

Geo. E. Armstpong, 

Perth, X.B., Can. 



SPECIAL 
ANNOUINCEMENT 

An invitation is extended to anv white merchant 
outside of New York City, or their represeniatiye, 
whose name appears in Bradstreet's or Dunns 
Commercial .\gency Book, to accept the hospitahty of 
our Hotel for three'days without charge, t'sual r.ues, 
apartment with private bath $3.00 per day and up. 
without meals. Parlor. Bedroom and private hath 
$35,00 per week and up. with meals for two. New 
York Merchants and Editors are requested to call the 
attention of their Out-of-Town Buyers and subscribers 
to this advertisement. 

GALLATIN HOTEL, 

70 W. 46tli St, New York City 

THE THREE BEADS 





all on the rifle at one time make the 

KING PATENT TRIPLE BEAD SIGHT 

the best front sight on the mar- 
ket — ivory, black, and gold 
beads, can be adjusted instantly 
to suit any light or background. 
Price $1.50 postpaid. Send for 

circular. 

D. W. KING JR. 

P O Box 399, Denver. Colo 




No Sportman's Outfit Complete 
Without One. 



3000 FLASHES 



COMPLETE LINE OF ELECTRICAL NOVELTIES. 
MANUFACTURERS OF DRV BATTERIES FOR 
EVERY PURPOSE. 



EMPIRE STATE DRY BATTERY CO. 

70-76 FULTON STREET, 
NEW YORK. 



BlJt-riO-mOHE K£ePS OFF MOSQUITOES 

and all other insects 

It forms a coating on the 
skin, through which NO 
INSI'XT CAN POSS- 
IBLY BITE. 

It is a lotion, easily 
applied, stops the itching 
of biles already intlicted, 
nt'utralizes the poison, 
dries in a minute so that 

the user need nut gum up rods, tackle, etc.. but 

can be easily washed oft' 

It win ri.'t -^tain ii..r iiijun- tlif ilothint'. t» Twiiftifial to tli« 
.^kin. <hI<>i i>l<-:Lsjint, luiil tlm-*- or fojr »pi>)icutl<>ns will last 




tiiilfatlny- 



If v.. 



•-itp tiD lati, liiiiuly Vt i-jnT>' ami w^, 

■ tlealt-r will tint supply ytm. wo will 



'..ii.i K .S" M i"istpiii.l ..ii r.-..-iiil iirpri'i 

Address r FRANKLIN HAWLEY & CO., 

Austin Stnlion, Chicago. 




REEL 

1904. 

Wheu writing advertisers kindly 



SIMPLEX' 

U. S. I'aleni lulv 



MEEK REELS 

For all Fishing from Trout to Tuna 
~lliT^ORlM^T^TArwjRD~7oR~QUAUTY7 

Send for complete Catalogue H 

8. F. MEEK & SONS, Inc., 

Louisville, hi. 

Sole Manufacturers of Genuine Meek and Blue Crass 
Kentucky Reels. B£WiR£ OF IMITATIONS. 

mention HOD AM) GVN IN CANADA.' 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 261 

OtK VICTORY Of 1903 REPEATED IN 1905. 

TRIUMPHANT RESeRD 

Lefever b' Gun 

At Indianapolis, Indiana. 

On June 29-30 Mr R. R. Barber of Paullina, Iowa, an AMA- 
TUER SHOOTER using his 

LEfEVER ARMS CO. OLN 

Won Preliminary Nandicaj) 

by a score of 98 out of 100. 

Won Grand American I1andicd|) 

by a score of 99 out of 100. 

The Highest Record Ever Made at the World's 
Largest TourDamcnt. 

As at Kansas City in 1903, so at Indianapolis in 1905 does the 
Lefever Arms Co. Gun Win Grand American Handicap, thus again 
adding to its triumphs as a prize winner 

The National Troj^hy of America 

Every week brings news of signal victories won by our guns in 
hands of both Amateur and Professional Shooters at tournaments 
throughout United States and Canada. 

Send for our WO 5 Catalogue shoning photographs of 
our guns, and giving valuable information. 



LEFEYER ARMS eO. 

SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

•VVben writing: advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUX IN" CANADA." 



262 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




''Cadillac" 



Model 'E\ $1,000; Model 'F% $1,250 

Nothing to equal the Cadillac. Runs all the 
time. Carries the load and is the car of all 
others for economy. 



Darracq 

The Great French Car 

SEI\D FOR CATALOGUES. 

nrsLOP BROS., 

LIMITED, 

TORONTO. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IX CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



26'3 



OESBARATS 



(Ontario, Canada 
Georgian Bay) 



rwemv-eisiht milfs East from Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan 

Islands with Camps and Cottages, furnished or unfurnished. 
Boats and Canoes for sile or to rent for summer seaso". '905. 



Also Lots on 
Mainland 




This Camp containing five rooms, 
stone fireplace, kitchen and ice house 
filled, will rent for $150.00, boats 
extra. Fine lake-shore building sites 
on mainland. Splendid yachting, 
bathing, fishing, canoe trips. The 
Hiawathaand .N'okomis Camp-Hotels 
half a mile away, will open on June 
30th and remain open till well into 
St-ptember, Railway station is two 
miles distant, steamer dockhalfa mile. 
Good railroad and steamer connec- 
tions from all the large cities of the 
United States and Canada, 

Dtsbarats is the northernmost 
station of the Chicago Yacht Club, 
and an important station of the- 
Keewaydin Canoe Club. 

Splendid climate ; in the woods yet 
convenienl. Stores, mail, supplies 
within easy reach, .•\ddress 



L. O. ARMSTRONG, Canadian Pacific RaiUav MONTREAL. QUE. 




DETROIT 



STEAMBOAT Co 



steamers Eastern States and Western States 
The DIRECTand POPULAR 
ROUTE to POINTS WEST 

DAILY SERVICE, MAY lOth 

Improved Express Service i It hours) Between 

BUFFALO and DETROIT 

Lt. BnlTalo Daily, 5.30 P, B. Ar. Detroit, 7.30 A. M. 

L'onneT.tingwith Early Morning- Trains for Poinis Noriii 

and West and D. & C. Line for Mackinac Island, 
Lt. Letroit Dailj-, 5.00P. n. Ar. Bnffaio, 9.110 A, 51. 
Con iiecting with alt Morning Trains for Points East 

K.He between Buffalo and I'etroit $3.50 one wav. 
SC.aO round trip. Berths 01.00, {1.30; Staterooms 
9-<30 each dirtctioa. 

Send 2c Stamp for Illnstnted Patnph'et. 
Tbroug'h Tickets sold to ail i'oints via Lake and Rail. 
RAIL TICKETS HONORED ON STEAMERS 
All Classes of Tickets sold reading via Grand Trunk. 
Michigan Central and Wabaah Railways, between Buf- 
falo and Detroit, will be accepted for transportation on 
O. & B. Stre. in either direction between Buffalo ami 
Detroit. A. A. SCHANTZ. G.S-A P.T.M.. Detroit. Mich. 



WANTED 



The publishers of Ron .\Nn Gi\ in Canada want 
a representative in every city and town in Canada and 
the United Slates, to sohcit subscriptions for this inter- 
esting and valuable publication. We will pay a liberal 
commission lo those whom we feel warranted placmg 
the agency with This is an opportunity that should be 
taken advantage of by anv person desiring to make 
good money. For further particulars. p4ease address 
Subscription Department, 

ROD AND GUN fN CANADA, 
■WT. J. TAYLOR. Publisher. 

Woodstock. Ont 



OF INTEREST TO ANGLERS 

is the new revised edition of 
AMERICAN FISHES 

BY G. BROWN GOODE, LI_ D. . LATE U. S. COMMISSIONER 

'IF FISHERIES 



.A popuur treatise upon the game and food hsb (.'o 
North America, with special reference to habits and 
methods of capture. Several chapters of additional 
material have been added, including a complete classifi- 
cation of all North American fishes. The numerous 
illustrations include si.\ full-page colored plates, and a 
fine half-tone portrait of Dr. Goode. Revised and edited 
bv Professor Theodore N. Gill, of the Smithonian 
Institution. REGULAR PRICE $3 50 

We. the publishers of ROD -AND GUX IN 
C.AN.AD.A will send a copv of this book absolutelv Iree 
upon receipt of FOUR -NEW SUBSCRIPTIONS to 
the only publication in .America devoted exclusively t» 
the interests of hunting, fishing, and trap-shooting in 
Canada, viz; — 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Send us vour own and three other subscriptions 
and this valuable an:i excellent book is yours. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM 
SEND IOC FOR SAMPLE COPY 



Address — Subscription Department, 

ROD AND GLN IN CAN.AD.A, 
W. J. Taylor. Publisher. 

Woodstock. Ontario. 



•'When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IX C.AX.ADA.' 



264 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




The Lenox Hotel 

lis BVfFALO 
North Street, at Delaware Avenue 



High-Grade, Modern Construction, 
Fire-proof throughout. European 
plan. Rates $1.50 per day and up- 
ward. Room reservations can be 
telegraphed at our expense. 



George Duchscherer, Proprietor. 




America 
Reels 

Take- Down 
Ball -Bearing 
Pivot- Bearing 

Improved 1905 Models. B.ALL-BE.^RIN'G, hard- 
ened sleel click mechanism. lEWKL-BE.^RING. 
spiral gears. .■\Ll' Ml NT M and GEK M.-\N' SILVER, 
miciomeier drag. I.E\'EL-\VINDER. Ball-Bearmg. 
automatic throw-out. .\MERIC.A-MEEK. hand-made 
best grade. .\ny Nize, any bearing All reels TAKE 
DOWN. Write for prices. 

America Co. 

672 RACE ST., ROCKFORD, ILL. 



THE NEW 

Hotel Albert 

European Plin 

Eleventh Street and University Place, 
NEW YORK CITY. 

One block west of Broadway. 

Absolutely fire- proof. All modem conveniences. 
Rooms one dollar per day up. 

L. FRENKEL. 



iiiillllllllUIIIII ■IIIIIMIlhllllllll^ utlll'UKIKIIIIIIIIIIlllllKTIIIIIIIIIIIIIlltllll 



ii-iiniiwniiiiiiuHmiRHiiiiDimiix 



iiirriiiiiiniMiriiiiitiiHi Hiimu.iiiiiiiiiiiininmmuiiiiiii|v 



FOR SMOKERS' throat! 




fiHsras 


IXiM 


remss 


(Emnsli 


Wm WSSAfeDgfS 


i'^mmmMm 



1 1 



Bruii.hitI-- vi.-l.l I.I till- ..111- lufuUiblr Sp-riri. ^ 

EVANS' ANTISEPTIC THROAT PASTILLES) 

KK.iM .Ml. ii|;ri;i:isTs i 

EVANS AND SONS, LIMITED < 

Moiiin-ul. T.inuito ami N.'W York. = 

iMiiiiiH-iiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiguiiimititiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiitnnintHmttninnmiiiiiiiii'tiiiiiiKiiiiiii.iii «Hwu>a 



The New Vermifuge and 
Conditioner for Dogs 

CHAM BER'S 
CASTRIQUE" 

I Does not distress the 

I animal. No starving 

I required. Produces 

,„| healthy skin and 

■"I glossy coat. Enables • 

"'I you to rear the most 

I delicate puppy or 

f kitten. 

I SEND FOR COPIES OF 

I TESTIMONIALS 

'I PRICE 50c. AND $1,00 PER BOHLE 

I EVANS AND SONS, LIMITED 

I MONTREAL & 133 WILLIAM ST., NEW YORK 

I Soil- Mmiuriti-lunii): .Ak''"!' ("r i.an,nia an.l l. S. 

■illttllllllH I 



nlimiKiiB imimiiimiimiiMiiiMi 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Browning Automatic Solid Barrel 



265 



Hammerless Repeating 

Shot Gun 

GREATLY REDUCED RECOIL, TAKE DOWN, 

12 GAUGE. 



Is a refinement in fire-arms and is exceedingly pleasant 
to shoot. 

12 Gauge, Take Down, 28 inch Cockerill Steel Barrel, 
English Walnut Stock, Rubber Butt, 5 shot, weight about jflbs. 

It is hammerless, automatic ejector, single trigger, repeat- 
er with greatly reduced recoil. All the operations — opening 
the breech, ejecting the empty shell, inserting the cartridge, 
cocking the hammer, closing and locking the breech, are 
performed by the recoil, leaving the arm ready to be fired 
by a pressure on the trigger. 

In consequence of its being utilized to operate the 
mechanism, the recoil, which in all other guns is worse than 
wasted on the shoulder, is largely absorbed, and the 
shooter is spared the discomforts of the "kick". 

The Browning Automatic Shot Gun is the highest 
development in shot guns, and we bespeak for it the 
friendship of sportsmen. 




FABRIQLE NATI0N4LE 
D*4R^E5 de CLERRE 

Liege, Belgium. 

For Sale by Leading Hardware Jobbers. 

•■When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



265 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



REO 



"4 Real Flyer" 

That was tht universal venlict on the "RliO Bird" ftesli from the factory, 
without "tuning up", which captured the 5-tnile event and Vonkers' Cup at 
Empire City Track, Decoration Day. in 5 min. 39 3-5 sec, and the 3-mile Mt. 
Vernon Cup race in 3 min. 204-5 sec, defeating every car entered ^or the meeting. 

Even more reniaiUable w.is the winning of the great Paddock Hill (Cincinnati! contest by a REO i6 H.P. 
slock Touring Car at a 26-mile clip on a 15 p^r cent grade, beating 20 competitors including 8 cars of 24 
horse-power rating and twice the REO's price. 

But you'll understand why when you come in and try the car. 




Touring Car 



nUnaUOUl . „,.,r.> mn>-t ^n. I»'ur : 



11. h.p.. l.-.iMip.iiiii.ls : .'. |i!tssi-ni:i'rs : ;r. iiiil.-s an hour : »>_._„ QiOsn 
itivi«lH«i ("rout si-iit: ilt;tarlmhl«- HltU'-iloor trtniiriiu ; • r#Ce <9fi£a(/. 



■ ■ "' Price, $650. 



Immediate Delivery 
REO Motor Car Co., 



R. M.OWEN, Sales Manager, ir_^,„_.,. . „„„, mi„«. 

138 West 38th St., Kew YorhCity. ractory: Lansing, Mich. 



"'^"p GASOLINE LAUNCHES 



GRADE 



ALL SIZES. 



Our 

Prices 

are 
Right. 




All 

Launches 

are 
Guaranteed 



Eighteen fool, equipped wiih 3 H. P. New 
Superior Engine 



$290.00 

Wr i ie for C a I a I g 11 p and full particulars 



CAI\ADA LAUNCH and ENGINE WORKS, Limited. 

Foot of Carlaw Avenue, TORONTO, ONT. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention HOD AND GUX IX CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



267 




Fop the 



SUPPLIES 



for a Camping 
and Fishing trip in 
Ontario, Canada, 
write 

MIGHIE & CO., Limited, 

Grocers, Etc, Toronto. 

Information of any kind cheerfully furnished. 

Send 10c for a Complete Little Manual on Camping'- 




"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IX CAXADA.' 



268 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



NEW 



PUBLICATIONS 

ISSUED BV THK 

INTERCOLONIAL RAILWAY OF CANADA. 



INTERCOLONIAL 




INTERCOLONIAL 

"THE TRAIL OF THE MICMACS" 

Briefly telling of some Indian ihistoric lore of 
the North Shore of New Brunswick, and also of ! 
its present sporting possibilities. 



Write 

General Passenger Dept. 

MONCTON. N.'B. 
FOR KREE COPIES 



^ "USH IW AND HUMINO" 

Descri|)live of ihc I'isliing and Hunting Re- 
sorts leached by the Interiolonial Railway. 



INTERCOLONIAL 

"TOURS TO SUMMER HAUNTS" 



An illustrated Booklet describing the places 
of most interest to the summer visitor. 



INTERCOLONIAL 

Time Table of Canada's Famous Train 

"THE MARITIME EXPRESS" 

with descriptive notes. 



INTERCOLONIAL 

"SALMON FISHING" 

A Treatise on the art of Kly lishing by 
an expert angler. 



VI*. THE INTERCOLONIAL, OR 

"A WEEK IN THE CANAAN WOODS" 

An illustrated (older interesting to hunters 
of big game. 

INTERCOLONIAL 

"MOOSE OF THE MIRAMICHI" 

Tnie stories of big game hunting in the 
forests of northern New Firunswick. 

INTERCOLONIAL 

"FOREST STREAM AND SEASHORE" 

A book worthy of a place in any library. 
A full and graphic description of the 
country traversed by the Intercolonial and 
Prince Kdward Island Railways, with histor- 
ical incidents and legends. Handsomely ill- 
U5trate<l. 



"When writinc advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GTTN IN CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 269 

CANADA'S 

Famous Shooting Resorts 



QUEBEC Within reach are moose, caribou, deer, salmon, land locked 

salmon, trout and wildfowl. 

LABELLE, P. O. Deer, ruffed grouse, duck and trout. 

OTTAWA \'ALLEY Deer, duck, ruffed grouse, woodcock, trout and black bass. 

MATTAWA, OXT. Deer, black bass, and trout. 

KIPAWA, P. Q. Moose, deer, bear, duck, ruffed grouse, pike and dore. 

■TIMISKAMIXG Moose, deer, bear, wildfowl, ruffed grouse, pike and dore. 

TIMAGAMIXG Moose, deer, bear, caribou, ruffed grouse, duck, lake trout, 

trout, black bass, pike and dore. 

DESBARATS, OXT. Deer, ruffed grouse, duck, lake trout, bass, pike, dore, moose 
and brook trout. 

NEPIGOX Heavy brook trout, lake trout, black bass, duck, moose, 

caribou and deer. 

WIXXIPEG Within reach are moose, elk, bear, mule, and whitetail deer, 

wolf, wildfowl and chicken. 

QU'APPELLE Unrivalled goose, duck and chicken shooting. 

BANFF SPRIXGS In the Canadian Xational Park, trout fishing, mountain 
climbing, sulphur baths ; and outfitting point for Rocky 
Mountain sport, travel and exploration. Bear, deer, sheep 
and goat. 

GLACIER HOTEL In the wild Selkirk range near the Great Glacier. Mountain 
chmbing, bear, caribou, and goat shooting. 

SICAMOUS On the great Shuswap Lake. Bear, deer, goat, trout and 

wildfowl. 

VANCOUVER Within reach are deer, bear, goat, Mongohan pheasant, 

grouse, wildfowl, salmon and trout. 



Sportsmen will find in Canada an unrivalled field. 



270 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




f BEST REEL MADt by anyone at any price 

' •-'•-'-'• •»«-«-«- irmLMt- 4 MULTIPLIER— WEIGHT 4 OZ. 

HIOH IS^ST AWAKU. >A'OKUlj:S KAIK, ST. LOUIS 

' WiririiT in roiirnnmi^nt. Kvenl 7. Afiernoon. February 2=;, iQo:;. 

' > SPOKISMAN'SSnOW, MADISON S(,H'ARb;c;Aki. KN, N Y 

V** If Quarter ounce, Bait Casiing for boili disiance and accuracy. In Bait Casting spool 

.il,.,H> rrwilirv (i\I,V Plot. M,-,! Il.unll^ MI-I,T1PI.1KR Hy Keel made 

.{ / Every Reel Adapted to botti Bait and Fly Casting. ^'"''t.t:\z:':Ti''7;.r'},:i'''''' 

PRKli$iooo REDIFOR ROD & REELCO., WARREN. O. 



Pflueger's Fishing Tackle 



Hooks, Flics, Trolls 
Spinners. Phantoms, 
Reds, Furnished Lines. 
Everything in Fishing 

Tackle :■: :-: :-: 







Notice.- 
Dealer 
Goods, 
prepaid, 
ustrated 
No. F23, 



Free to any 
in Sporting 
sent express 
155-page ill- 
Cat a I o gue 
Metal Fish 



Sign and Window 
Transparency in 8- 
color Lithograph. 



THE ENTERPRISE MANUFACTURING CO., 

AKRON OHIO 



SHOOTERS ATTENDING THE BIG SHOOT 



AT 

OTTAWA tS' 



win do well to order 



KETCH UM'S 




IN ' 
AUGUST , 

their cartridges from— , 

KETCMLM e» CO., Ottawa, Ontario. 

trg^ordr^tTour— ° cllb prices ii^.i^^oIts^^^il^oTo^^'Io^^^'' 

Gun Goods. Sporting and Athletic Goods, Rifle Requisites Catalogues, mailed FREE on Request. j 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



271 



' -C«--S-t3--© ? 






* 



« 



Premium List 

We are anxious to add a few more thousand subscribers to 
our list before August 1st, and in order to make it an in- 
ducement for our readers to help us in the work, we offer 
some valuable premiums. Go through the list and see if 
there is anything tliat appeals to you. 

We will gladly furnish sample copies for canvassing pur- 
poses and if the names and addresses of probable subscribers 
are sent to us we will send sample copies direct to their 
addresses. 



OFFER NO. 1. 

Send us One new subecriTier and we 
will send vou vour choice c4 
A PIONEER GTIN CLEANER, 
A PERFECT GUN CLEANER, 
A HOOK SHIELD, 
A LIGHTNING FISH SCALER. 

OFFER NO. 2. 

Send us Three new subscribers and 
we will send you a box of 25 VAN 
HORNE CIGARS, manufactured by 
Harris, Harkness & Co., Montreal. 

OFFER NO. 3. 

Send us Four new subscribers and 
we we will send vou A BRISTOL 
STEEL FISHING ROD, with polish- 
ed maple handle, manufactured by 
HORTON Mfe. Co., Bristol, Conn. 
You are invited to senu to the Hor- 
ton Mfg. Co. for their latest cata- 
logue describing their various Cele- 
brated Bristol P^ishing Rods. If you 
find described an^ special one that 
you would like to own, please ad- 
vise and we wdH advise number of 
subscribers necessary to secure in 
order to obtain the desired rod. 

OFFER NO. 4. 

Send us Five new subscribers' and 
we will send you a box of 50 of the 
celebrated VAN HORNE CIGARS, 
manufactured b--- Harris, Harkness & 
Co., Monireal. 

OFFER NO. 5. 

Send us Six new subscribers and 
we will send vou A CLIVE ILLUM- 
INATED CLOCK, manufactured bv 
the Electric Contract Co., New 
York, valued at $4.50. 



OFFER NO. 6. 

Semd us Nine new subscribers and 
we will send you A SPLENDID 
.lEWEL BEARING FISHiNG 

REEL, manufactured by A. W. Bis- 
hop & Son, Racine, Wis., with Pat- 
tent Independent Winding Device at- 
tached, valued at $6. 

OFFEB NO. 7. 

Send us Eleven new subscribers 
and we will send you a KODAK DE- 
VELOPING MACHINE, valued at 
S8.00. Every kodaker should own 
one. Write to the Canadian Kodak 
Cc, Toronto, for particulars of mis 
machine. 

OFFER NO. 8. 

Send us Fifteen new subscribers 
NET, manufactured by G. S. Hud- 
and we will send you A GUN CABI- 
son & Son, EUisburn-. N. Y. Listed 
at S12. 

OFFER NO. 9. 

Send us Twenty new subscribers 
and we will send vou A 4x5 CEN- 
TURY CAMERA, manufactured by 
Century Camera Co., Rochester, N. 
Y. Model 21. Including a Double 
Plate Holder and Sole Leather 
Carrying Case. Listed at $1C. 

OFFER NO. 10. 

Send us Fifty new subscrit>er and 
we will send you A BASSWOOD 
CANOE, with two paddles, valued 
at $30. Length of Canoe, 16 feet, 
manufactured by The William En- 
glish Canoe Company, of Peterbor- 
ough, Ont. 



Address . 



W. J. Taylor, Publishtr Rod and Gun in Canada. 

I 'WoodstocK, Ont. 



211 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



■NOTHING SO RARE AS RESTING ON AIR." 

Pneumatic Mattresses and Cushions 




NO. I C.^MP MATTKESS WfTH I'll. LOW. H KIGHS ONLV TEX POUNDS. 

AN IDEAL BED for the camper, prospectsr or yachtsman. Does not absorb moisture. A refreshing 

niglit s rci-l 0[i a luxurious bt-d, wherever nighl overtakes \ou. 

"Thi Ctn-sf of Ca7npiii{/ is IHmntiat i'-s: tht 1 'tin/nr Hh' nmatirs is Pneuntatirs.' 

SINGLE and DOUBLE CANOE or BOAT CUSHIONS. FISHING. SHOOTING and AUTOMOBILE COATS and 
CAFES, SPORTSMEN S CUSHIONS CAMP BLANKETS. 

Writ' /or llliistrnl,;! Pru; I.isI n/ Mnttrrssis, ,t,-. 




Everything 
In Rubber. 



The Ontario Rubber Co., 

TORONTO C.«lN.\D.\ 



S60.00 

ITHACA GUNS 



FOR 



SAQ.50 



NO BETTER TRAP GUNS MADE. 

roiiUiucJuoe them we oiier a number at S4Q.50. 
They ecjual other guns at $85.00. Ithaca No. 2 Grade 
12. B. 30" 7'--5 to S'4 lbs.. 14 to 145^" stock. 2'4 103" 
drop, finely tinished Krup fluid steel barrels, full choke. 
Shooting qualities unsurpassed. Patterns mailed upon 
request. Automatic Ej,, add $13 00. 

One secondhand Savage 30-30 Repeater Rifle, as 

good as new. complete with all reloading tools, lot of 

empty shells and fined with I.yman Rear and 

_ Combination Kront Sights. Finest of everything. Outfit 

worth $s5.oo. All for $33.00. 

One new Winchester Box Magazine Rifle. 30 U. S. 
Army. Regular $35 00 for 530.00. 

Hand or machine loaded sheik, loaded to order. 
All kinds. We defy the world to excell our trap shells 
in pattern and all round. Write for particulars. 

Full bred Fox Hound Pups for sale. Beautifully 
marked, 4 months old, no better runners on the conti- 
nent. Price $15.00. 

For further particulars applv 10 

Geo. B. Smith 

EXPERT GUNNiST, AYTON.ONT. 



A few of the Plums to be won at the 

5th Annual Tournament of 

^^.- 

The Dominion of Canada Trap Shoot- 
ing and Game Protective Association 

At Ottawa, Aug. 16. 17, & 18 

$2oo Hamnierless I'.iector Gun. donated by Isaac 
Holies & Son. London. Eng. Makirs of the cele- 
brated ■■ Holies tiun." 

$8o Parker Hammerless. donated by Parker Bros. 
.Makers of -The old Reliable.' 

$75 Lcfever Hammerless Ejector, donated by l.efevcr 
Arms Co. Makers of the celebrated "l.efever Gun*. 

$75 Sterling Silver Cup, donated by Kynoch Ltd., 
Bermingham. 

This will be the big event of the year. 

Every Gun Club in Canada 
should affiliate -:- -:- 



F. A. Hknky. Pres. 
Ottawa. 



J. Easd.m.e. Sec. & Treas, 

213 Sparks St. . Otuwa. 



Waich for List of Prires in June Rod and Gun. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



273 



THE DEADLY MOSQUITO. 



"It is sufficient to ';ay protection from Mosquito Bites affords complete immunity in ague in all its 
forms. . . . Yellow fever, like Ague, has been shown to be communicated only by a Mosquito." — 
Times. 30th September. 1Q04. 



Against thii df.idlv insdt Scienci hjj ..'/" i.i-^t p>\<i-uit-ii us '.ci(/i .1 protective agent in the shape oj 

ANTIKITO CREAM (Reg.) 

This wonderful preparation — which is most delightfully refreshing to use — is the outcome 
of long laboratory research. During the last five years it has been thoroujjhly tested in all parts 
of the world By its use the fatal ni05qurto, as well as flies, gnats and all flyinj; insects, are set 
at defiance. It is absolutelv infallible as a preventive, and is guaranteed to be free from carbolic 
and other deleterious ingredients. It is neither sticky nor t;reasy,an.1 one application to the expos- 
ed parts affords protection for hours. Invaluable for hospital use, and should be in the kit of all 
e.xpeditions. It is better than Quinine 



ANTIKITO CREAM la manufactured under expert supervision in the Syndicate's own laboratory, and 
is put up In two sizes, retailing at $1.25 and 60c. respectively. Obtainable at all druggists. Proprietors 

ANTIKITO SYNDICATE, LTD., 

6 Great Portland Street. LONDON, 

SOLE CANADIAN AGENTS : EVANS and SONS. LTD. , MONTREAL. 



N. B.— A most interesting and instructive booklet, entitlf d— '■THE MOSgL'lTO AND SOMETHING ABOUT 
HIM," will be sent free to anvone applying for it. 



k\ k 



m 



-m^*:-. 



AMERICA'S GRANDEST SUMMER RESORT 

NESTLED AMONG THE HIGHLANDS OF ONTARIO, WITH ITS WILD, ROMANTIC 
SCENERY, PURE, BRACING AIR, E.XCELLENT FISHING AND HUNTING, AND BEAUTI- 
FUL CANOE TRIPS— THE LAND OF LAKES AND ISLANDS. HAV-FEVER UNKNOWN. 

The R oyal Muskoka Hotel ^ comfortable, luxurious, modem 

'' hotel, with cool wide verandas; 

every room open to the fragrant pines. Unexcelled cuisine. • Golf, Tennis, Bathing. 

^f5.S THA\' A DAi'S yOTRNJiy FROM PRINCIPAL AMERICAN CITIES 

HANDSOMELY ILLUSTRATED DESCRIPTIVE MATTER FREE 

Apply to 0. T. BELl. General Passenger and Ticket Agent, GRAND TRUNK RAILWAY SYSTEM. MoDlreal. Que.; 

or. Muskoka Navigation Company. Toronto. Canada 



274 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



\ f 



''^^'"'^^rm^-:^^::^. 





> 



\ 



g^^™^ 



. ^-xaBXn^-ai^'n 




THIS CUT ILL^STKAil.^ 

©NE ©F ©UR STRIP eflN©ES 

PRESENTED TO THE PRINCESS OF WA1.ES ON THE OCCASION <lh HER MEDlllNI, TO H. R. H.. THE lat that time) 

Duke of York. 

This is, undoubtedly, the highest grade canoe constructed. Only the most skilled mechanics and special ma- 
chinery provided'for the purpose, can be employed in the manufacture of the strips for sheathing. 

WEGIVE THE VERY BEST VALUE FOR MONEY OBTAINABLE WE GUARANTEE THAT EVERY BOAT OR 
CANOE SENT OUT FROM OUR FACTORY REPRESENTS THE VERY BEST MATERIAL AND FAITHFUL, SKILL- 
ED WORKMANSHIP. On these conditions we solicit YOUR order 

The Lakefield Canoe Building and Manufacturing- Co , Limited. 

(Successors to Strickland & Co. and Thomas Gordon. ) LAKEFIELD. ONTARIO. 

Thos. GORDON, President. JOHN E. Richardson, Manager. Geo. B. Milliard, Secretary. 

WRITE FOR C.4 TALOGUE AND MENTION ■•ROD AND GUN IN CANADA.' 



WAYNE HOTEL 

AND PAVILION 



(American and European Plans.) 
Only first-class hotel in oity over- 
looking the Detroit river :: 
European Plan, $i to $3. 
American Plan, $2.50 to $4.50. 

JAMES R. HAYES, Proprietor. 

DETROIT. MICHIGAN. 

FOR THE SEASIDE, FOR 
PICKNICING, FOR CAMP- 
ING OUT, FOR TRAVELL- 
ING, FOR STAYING HOME. 

LYMAN'S 

Fluid Coffee 

The Great Convenience and 
Luxury of the Day. 

NO COKFKE POT REQUIRED. 

Rich and Full Flavored. Wholesome. Stimulating, 
Economical, no cheap substitute of peas, wheal or bar- 
ley, but Genuine Mocha and Old Government Java. 

For sale by Grocers and Druggists in lb., J^lb. and 
Jilb. bottles »l 75c., 45c. and 25c. 




ESTABLISHED 1800 



Fishing Tackle 




We are now in our new ware-house at 
the old stand. Our stock is all new and 
larger than ever, with all the latest nov- 
elties of the seP' on to tempt the finny 
tribe. 

Our Fishing Tackle Department is un- 
equalled on this continent for variety, 
(juality and vahie. 



THE 

Allcofk, Laight & Westwood Co., 

LIMITED. 
"[% Bay Street, Toronto, Ont. and Rcdditch, England, 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



275 




Life-Saving Folding 
Canvas Boats 

The latest, safest and best is what we offer 
you. A boat built on modern lines that will 
prove a pleasure to own and use. Selected 
materials used all through, and it comes to 
you GUARANTEED the best. Latest pat- 
ent and improved Folding Canvas Boat on 
the market. 

A handy and safe boat for fishing and shoot- 
ing. Puncture proof. Galvanized tempered 
steel frame. Xo bolts to remove. Folds 
the most compact of any boat made. Send 
4c. in stamps for catalogue and reliable tes- 
timonials. 



LIFE SAVING FOLDING 
CANVAS BOAT CO., 



755 Portage St., 



? HAVE YOU A BfRD DOG? ---THEN YOU WANT 

ISI Amateur 
Trainer 



-♦-BY-*- 
ED. F. HABERLEIN. 



A plain, practical and concise, yet thorousrh. 
guide in the art of training, handling and the cor- 
recting of f aultsof the dog subservient to the gun 
afleld. Acknowledged by authoritiesand amateurs 
aUlie the most practical book on training ever 
published. The author is a practical trainer of 
over 30 years' experience whose system is dp to 
date andstandsuneijualed, the acceptedstandard 







New Edition Just Out.— Illustrated. 

Comprehensible, popular form, devoid of long-spun 
theories, based on practical experience throughout. 
Not a large volume of pastime reading matter, but 
guaranteed to contain the most practical information 
on the subj ect at any price. Sent postpaid on receipt 
of price — paper cover. $| 00; finely cloth bound 

And Gold Embossed, Si. 50. Address:— 

Subscription Department, Rod aLd Gun m Canada 

Woodstock, Ontario 



Kalamazoo, Mich., U. S. A 




Hotel Touraine 

Dela^v•are Ave. and Johnson Park 
BUFFALO, N. Y. 



A modem, high-class and conven- 
ient stopping place, offering every 
accommodation for the comfort 
and pleasure of transient and per- 
manent guests. 250 rooms v\ith 
private baths and long distance 
telephones. Dining-rooms, Cafe 
and Grill Room. Moderate prices. 



C. N. OWEN, Proprietor. 



276 



ROD AND GbN IN CANADA 





lie Ramtlei- i^, v^e Lelieve, the only 
aiatoi-noLile tnat can claim tKe ais- 
tin<A-ion ot Kavino' one-ai-iiTed op- 
ex'iT.iror'A". 



-A. sirxoXe. lev^ei- to tlae 
ri^rit oi: tne opez-atox- starts tKe 
niacnine; one pedal inakes it ^top. 
a an.otHei- reverse; -wKile tlie 



aiic 



tkx-ottl 



ottle aiid *teeriii^ w 



'Keel 



S, lllOAA- 



atle at tke san\e instant and Lv tKe same 
Kaiia, control tKe speed, and. ^uide tKe K-ont 
wKeels. Conrusioii is impossible even in. enier- 
t^encies. it is pre-eminen.t:ly tKe macniiie 
for -w-omeia, cKildren aiid men. ^^aio Kave i:iot 
tKe time to nia^ei- com.ple5& mecKanisiix 




Au.tomot>ile 6^ Sio^pplv CoTiTpanv, Foronto. Ontario. 
Eastern Au.toniobile Con^pany, Mo n.ti-eal, Quebec. 

THOMA5 B. JEFFERY &' COMPANY 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



277 



Fishing Tackle 

OUR STOCK IS THE FINEST IN CANADA comprising 
goods from the best makers in England and America. 

We carry every requsite for the sportsman including Live and 
Preserved Bait, Minnows, Frogs, Crawfish, Dew Worms, Rods, Reels, 
Lines, Hooks, Leader and Tackle Boxes, Minnow Pails, etc., etc. 
ROD MAKING AND REPAIRING by skilled mechanics. 

Manufacturers of Leather and Canvas Goods, Gun Covers, 
Coats, Leggings, Tents, Etc. 

Our Gun Factory is Second to l\one 

and is ei|uipped with the finest machinery lor all kintis of 
gun repairing. 

W'rilf us for Piiirs. 

Warren Sporting Goods Co. 

A KKNN. ['resident. < - I'.tlJ-. \'i c l're-,id. in .A k. \\ \ l< kKN. licneral Manager. 

10 King St.. East, Toronto. 



LEXTHBR -IV/) C'4VV'4S FACTORY ISO KI.\<J ST. EAST. 



aUN FACTORY I WORLD LANE. 



The Hunter E. Z. Apart Keel 




The Best and Simplest Take Down Reel made 

Quadruple Gear : fine German Silver, 
phosphor hronze bearings and 
s Irictly high-grade. 

INSIST upon your dealer showing this Reel. 

PRICE $5.00. 

If your dealer does not have it send 
the ^5 to us for one ; express paid. 

Your money back if you want it. 

The Chamberlln 
Cartridge & Target Co. 

CLEVELAND, O. 




Build Your 
Own Boat 



BROOKS SYSTEM 

1/ you can drive a nail 
' and cut oat a piece 
of material from a full- 
siicd pattern you can build 
a canoe, rowboat, sailboat, 
— - or launch in ^ourieisure time, 

— -_ - at home, and the building will be a 

source of profit and pleasure. 

All you need is tiK' [i ilterns, costing from $i.5U up, 
and \\\ tterials, from ^p.i (lu up Tools are coiiiinou in 
t'vury houst'hold. Pjitlerns of over forty styles aiul 
sizes— all lengths fi'oni \2 low feet. 

Tlie Brooks Sysfem consists of exact size printed 
paperpafrerns of every part of the bout with de- 
tailed insfucdoas mdworking illustrations,stiow 
Itik each step of the work— an itemized bill of ma- 
terial retjuired, nnd how to secure it. 

Over six thousand amateurs successfully built 
boats bv the Hrooks Sy-tcni last year. Fifty per 
cent, of them have built their second boat. Many 
have established themselves in the boat 
ntanufacturing business. 

< iit;iluL:iiK ;i|j.| pfirtiiulurs KI;KK. For 'A'l ieiit.s lOU-pat; 

iMl:ilni,'ii.\ .imtiiiniiiji v;ilualile iiifoniiatKni tor 
till- ;.iii;iti>Mr v;irli!snian. shuivjii;: s.'VHriil wufk- 
iii- iMiHtianniis of.-M'li iM.iit.aii.lnlull ^ 
•■■I i,,r..ti..' I.n;it. Full liiM.- in kiK"-k- , .' 
d.iwii ami i .iiii|ii(.t.*(l bunts. Winn ^ " 
suiinl'Titl. patti-nisiireexpn'sscij; ■■ - 
.•li;ir-''-; |ir.'i>.ii.i, l.'.0.1).. ti. allow ■ 

y\A\X\\\\A\\'A\ 

Brooks Boat Mfg. Co. 

"rjiriiiatnrs ..f tlip Putt-Tii sv> 
nf liftiit lUiiMiny. 4l>iH^S!ii|' 



'•■til nr lioivt i;iiil(liny.4l>iH^S!ii|' , 
^triH-t. Hay City,_Mk-h., U.S.A / 




278 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Rod and Gun's List 
Of Guides. 



\Vc give bi'luw our lirsl list of guides, ami liusl 111 futiiie to make this a valuable 
feature of the magazine. It is our intention to eliminate from this list the named 
any guide whose name may be accidentall inserted and who may prove untrustwor- 
thy; and to admit to it only the names of those men who are Cf proved integrity, 
thus making it a worthy ambition on the part of any man to have his name regis- 
tered in our list ani also to asiure to a bpjrtsman, as far as it is possible to do so, 
the capabilities and trustworthiness of the men whose names appear below: — 



Banff (Alta.)— Brewster Bros. 

Bill Peyto. 
Biscotasing, (Ont.) — A. Clement. 
Beaufort (N. B.)— Charles McEwan. 

Ben Lee. 

Hiram Biggar. 
Big Bar Creek (B. C.)— William Irwin. 
Blind River (Ont. )t— Joe Saugeen. 

Shemaghan, Sr. 

Shemaghan,. Jr. 
Burrows Lake (Thornclifle, Ont.)— Will Bur 

rows. 
Clinton (B. C.) — i. W. Pearson. 
Lay Mills (Ont.)— William Harris, Jr 
Desbarats (Ont.)— George Linklater. 

Sam McClellan. 

Cariboo Jack McLeod, 

Rydal Bank 

John Reid. 
Desbarats (Ont.)— Richardson. 

Rhultleworth. 

II. Spur way, Portlock 

P. O. 

Field, (B. C.)— J. II. Martin and William 

Oak. 
Frederirton, (N. B.)— Adam Moore. 
Glassville, (N. B.)— M. McKenzie. 
Garden River (Ont.)— D. M. Roberts. 
Golden. (B. C.)— H. G. Low. 

R. B. Prust. 

II. B. Richardson. 
Laggan (B. C.)— R. E. Campbell. 



-Maniwaki, (Que.)— Jocko McDougall. 

Dan Sweeney. 
Mattawa, (Ont.)— Bernard Bastien, Ig- 
nace Bastien, Joseph Bastien, Paul 
Bernard, Matt. Bernard, Peter Brown, 
Francis Chevrier, jr., Joseph Clement, 
George Crawford, Ant. Colton, Alex. 
Dorion, Frank Dupius, Sam Dicaire, 
Sam Dubois, John Dubois, Willikm du- 
fault, Joseph England, Joseph Ferris, 
.lohn Ferris, Walter Ferris, Frank 
Green, John Green, John Jacko, W. C. 
l.ebenp, .Andrew Landon, Joseph La- 
vigne, Joseph Leelaire, Frank Leclaire, 
Frank Lamoureaux, Fred Lamoureaux, 
Leon Montreuil, Frank McCracken, 
Archie Millar, Louis Muskey, William 
McKenzie, W'illiara Moore, Sandy 

Moore, .losejih Moore, Joseph Parent, 
nenjamin Parent, Thomas Pierre, Bap- 
tiste Paquette, David Populace, Steve 
Rider, Ilyacinlhe Simon, Xavier Sim- 
on, Joseph Tenasco, Jacko Tickinonse, 
Sam Tongue, John Tongue, Thomas 
Turner, Sandy Turner, Joseph Turner. 
Okanagan Landing (li.C.)— R. Leckie Ew- 

ing. 
Perth, (N. B.)— George E. Armstrong. 
Thessalon, Ont —.John J. Huston. The Des- 
liaiats-Mississagua route 
a specialty. 
Timagami, (Ont.)— Friday tfie Indian, 

Bear Island. 
Whaincliffe, (Ont.)— Robert Foster. 



«=ii» i-3i» i=i» i=i'» tr:* C:* Di» C3i» inir mi» C3i» cm* cdi* cdi» C3i» iii::i* mi» t=ii»:cni»| 




AV4GE 



RIFLES 
FIRE RAPIDLY 



That is .1 noteworthy (e.iture |of the Little 
Savage 22-caUber Hammerless Repeater. 

The Mihtary Box Magazine on this Rifle con- 
sists ot a small clip holdirg seven shots. Soon 
as one clip is emptied, press a spring and it 
drops out. Instantly another loaded clip may 
be inserted and the shooting continued. One of 
these Rifles was fired 42,3,1 times at the St. 
Louis Exposition, and still works perfectly and shoots accurately. .All 
rifled and ohambered to shoot 22-caliber short, long and long-nfle cart- 
ridees in the same magazine. . 

When it comes to Rifles, the Savage is different. 

■•NO SWVCF. BF.AST WOn.I> PAKF TH TKIKI.K 
WITH a'mAN who SHMOTS A SAVAi.K KIKI.K ' 



ilttif Savaoe 22-callber Hammerless Repeater 
Savage-Junior 22-callber Single-shot Rifle - 




$14.00 
$ 5.00 



Hatidsome Savage Indian Watch Fob $cnt on receipt of IJc. 
If your dealer won't accommodate you, we will.^ Either rifle delivered, all charges paid, upon 



receipt ol price. 



Try your dealer first, hut send to-day for catalogue. 



Q SAVAGE ARMS CO., 54 Turner St., Utica,"»N, Y., U. S. A. 



«i=3 «ici]i «iirzn .•iczo •lea •IC3 •umi «ic3i 



•icTD aiim •la •icij flia *\c^ «iii3 «ia «ic3 



! 
S 
! 



9 



D 

« 






•Id* 





^URE WOOL' 
GUAI^ANTEED 

AGAINJT- • • 
SHRINKAGE. 



Underwear 

From Tropical Gauze to Arctic Weights 
Sweater* and fancy sbirt* 

For Golf, Fishing, Shooting, &c. 



TRAVELLING and CAMPING RUGS. 
SLEEPING BAGS, CAPS. &c. 



Send for Illustrated Catalogue. No. i. and Dr. Jaeger's book on 
Health Culture, free. 



Company, 



Dr. Jaeger's 'C".l System ^3:3! 

2206 ST. CATHERINE ST., MONTREAL. 

Winnipeg Depot, 2S6 Portage Avenue. 




Pri'rrt\i rv The Sentinel- Rei'tew Pres^. WxHHistiKK. Ontario 



Single Copies, lOc. AUGUST, 1905 $1.00 a rear 




W. J. Taylor, PviblisHer, 'WoodstocK, Ont. 



ysrfNCBSsrBK 



iMj9m 




RIFLES FOR ALL KINDS OF HUNTING. 

Winchester rifles are not the choice of any one special class, but of all 
intelligent sportsmen who go to the woods, the plains, or the mountains 
in quest of game. They are designed to handle all calibers and types of 
cartridges, to meet the requirements of all kinds of shooting, and can always 
be counted on to shoot where they are pointed when the trigger is pulled. 
Winchester rifles and Winchester cartridges are made for one another. 

FREE: StnJ name and ajjrvu on a poslat carj /or our Utrfe illttslratej catalogue. 

WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO., - . , . NEW HAVEN. CONN. 




SPORTSMEN 



AGREE 



Tli«( for nvis.riiu> .inl Ilv ) iTS, ^ot-- r.-^.\ CT^pr nc (««l, 
PrIr.hiT lleiit. rhnnnii nnd •iunbiirii. " ■• i^Y" 
^Aicvujtl .« MKX\K«'» ll..rllH-il Tlllruni TOI. 
I.KT l»OWDKR. Sit lh.1t « u irrt He oi.sinal. ho» 

Gerhard Monnen Co., Newark, N.J. 



TROPniEd 

For Curling;, Shooting, Hockey 
and every branch of Sfxirt. 




WRITE for SKETCHES. 

.\s well as .1 full Jewelry Line 

Carried at prices 15 per cent. 

lower than the regular 

shops. 



Ja». D. Bailei|, 



Jewelry Parlo' 

5 Yonge ! 

Toronto 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Canadian Pacific Railway 



2/9 




Mount Stephen House, 
Glacier House, 
Hotel Sicamous, 
Hotel Vancouver, 



Field, B.C., 
. Glacier, B.C., 
Sicamous, B.C., 
Vancouver, B.C., 



For further particulars as to any of these hotels, apply to the respective 
managers, or to any of the company's agents, 

Robert Kerr, Passenger Traffic Manager, Montreal 



28o 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



The celebrated "Clabrouc^h Qun 

Ask your dealer for our list, he may not have it, 
then send to us for one — Don't delav. ; : 



Hammer Guns, Trap Gvtns, 
Hammerless Guns. 




Why they are popular 
because — 

They Shoot Well 
They Wear Well 

a nd 

The Price is right 



Stocks held by the leading dealers in the Dominion. 



Sole Manufacturers : 



( Late J. P. CLABROUGH BROS.) 



J. P. Clabrough & Johnstone 

PRICE STREET, BIRMINGHAM, ENG. 

The '^Waterproof I , Montreal agents for 

The Canada Launch and 

MATCH BOX E^gin, W^.k, L^^^^^d 

TORONTO 

The NEW "SUPERIOR" ENGINE 



IF IN NEED OF 

Awnings, Touts, Sails, Flags, Canoes, 
Skitts, Launches Boat Fittings, Etc. 

Telei>hone or Write 

THE "SONNE" 

Awning, Tent 6 Tsrpaulin Co., 




An absolute necessity for sports- 
men. It should be in the hands of 
every outdoor man be he Camper, 
Hunter, Canoeist, Yachtsman or Lum- 
berman. If your dealer does not sell 
them, send fifty cents C50C.) for one to — 

S. S. BLAISDELL, 
130 Or«nge Street, Providence, R. \. 

Canadian orders filled by W. J. Taylor, 
Woodstock, Ont. 



Note Address — 

775 Craig St., Montreal. P.Q. 
New No. 329 Craig West, Near Victoria Sq. 

Phones : Main 722 and 726. 



"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 281 

The Province of Quebec, 

From the Sportsman*s View Point. 



] 



No country in the world possesses a greater variety or more at- 
tractions in the line of sport than historic Quebec. When a little 
better known it will surely become the " Mecca " of devotees of sport ; 
the angler is very much in evidence now even, from ist May to 30th 
September, putting forth his best efforts to secure the silvery salmon, 
the beautiful speckled or sea trout, or yet again the pugnaceous bass. 

Autumn sees the sportsman agam around with rifle or shot-gun, 
tracking the fleet Caribou or Red Deer or snugly ensconced on the 
shores of a lake, waiting for an opportunity to lay low the king of the 
forest, the mighty Moose. Others are content to frequent the hard- 
wood ridges or beaches, in quest of the neffed grouse, or wild fowl. 
Few, if any, return unrewarded for their efforts. 

A large area of territory is now under lease to clubs, but 
there is ample room for more; as for the transcient sportsman, there 
is a wealth of territory at his disposal, e. g. in the Upper Ottawa, St, 
Maurice, Lake St. John and on both sides of the St. Lawrence below 
Quebec City. y\ccess to all these points is easy, either by rail or water 
way. 

Fishing licenses for the season for non-residents, cost $10.00; 
for huntingS25.oo. 

Fishing and hunting territories are obtainable at very reasonable 
rentals, in any part of the Province where crown lands exist. There 
are still some very desirable salmon rivers available in the Lower Gulf 
district. 

The Government will in all probability, alot territory to Fish 
and Game Clubs in the recently created Reserve, in the Peninsula of 
Gaspe, reserving of course the interior for propogation and a limited 
amount of shooting and fishing. 

"Laurentides National Park." 

This renowned hunting and fishing territory takes on increased 
popularity yearly. Dates for hunting and fishing may be applied for at 
any time. Increased accommodation will be provided for sportsmen 
by ist September, 1905, in the great Caribou Barrens. 
For information of any kind re Sport, address 

The Hon. Minister of Lands, Mines and Fisheries, 

Quebec, P. Q., Canada. 

'When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IX CANADA." 



282 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




Life-Saving Folding 
Canvas Boats 

The latest, safest and best is what we offer 
you. A boat built on modern lines that will 
prove a pleasure to own and use. Selected 
materials used all through, and it ccmes to 
you GITARAXTEKD the best. Latest pat- 
ent and improved F"olding Canvas Boat on 
the market. 

A handy and safe boat for fishing and shoot- 
ing. Puncture proof . Galvanized tempered 
steel frame. No bolts to remove. Folds 
the most compact of anj- boat made. Send 
4c. in stamps for catalogue and reliable tes- 
timonials. 



LIFE SAVING FOLDING 
CANVAS BOAT CO., 



755 Portage St., 



Kalamazoo, Mich., U. S. A 



C^~ HAVE YOU A BIRD DOG? ----THEN YOU WANT 

451 Amateur 
Trainer 



ED. F. HABERLEIN. 



A plain, practical and concise, yet Ihorouph 
guide in the art of iraioing, handling and the cov- 
reeling of faultsofthedog subservient to the pun 
afield. Acknowledged by authoritiesand amateurs 
alike the most practical book on training ever 
published. The author is a practical trainer of 
over 30 years' experience whose system is up to 
date and stands unequaled, the acceptedstaDdard 




k,'Reixii3&(ionf'' 



New Edition Just Out.— Illustrated. 

Comprehensible, popular form, devoid of long-spun 
theories, based on practical experience throughout. 
Not a large volume of pastime reading matter, but 
guaranteed to contain the most practical information 
on the subject at any price. Sent postpaid on receipt 
of price — paper cover. $ | .00; Bnely cloth bound 

And Gold Embossed, SI. 60. Address:— 

Subscription Departmeiit, Rod aud Guu in Canada, 

Woodstock, Ontario 




Hotel Touraine 

Delaware Ave. and Johnson Park 
BUFFALO, N. Y. 



A modern, high-class and conven- 
ient stopping place, offering every 
accommodation for the comfort 
and pleasure of transient and pyer- 
manent guests. 250 rooms with 
private baths and long distance 
telephones. Dining-rooms, Cafe 
and Grill Room. Moderate prices. 



C. N. OWEN. Proprietoi. 



■•When writing nil\ .Tt iscrs kindly ui'^ntion HOD .\ND GUX IN C.\N'AD.\." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



283 



SJft€^tte 



..jates frot-et;) ti.c icr.->.i..t: mechanism. 
With perfect action the reel never fails at a^ 
critical ni.iment. *■ 3 in One '* wr.nt gum. dry ^ 
out. contains no acii. "3 in One" prevents 
rust on every part, add- 
ing years to the life, and 
brightness to the beauty , 
of even the 6nest. Good \ 
for the rod too— preserves 
the wood, promoting plia- 
bility—protects the nier.»l. 
Good for fisher alsi> — ihc J 
delicate, pleasant odor | 
keeps off mosui 
Try it. All dealers. Trial bottle s<:nt free, 
■Vrite to 

G. \V. COLE CO. 
r_".> Washington Life Bld^' 
New York Cily 



REAL 
ffiREEL 
OIL 



THERE IS MONEY 

IN TRAPPING FUR 

If you are properly equipped 




The Newhouse Trap 

Is HLC-ssarv. It costs more and earns mor- than 

any other. 

Absolutely Guaranteed Illustrated catalogue on 

application 

OStW\ CO^mvmjY ltd., 'Niagara rails. Oat. 




-Tf't Liuuib F^iiiipjxil with a J ■ vhn.IrT i :M by o Special Bn^'auou M*)tor ?7" 



The Detroit River 
Boat and Oar Co. 

Designers a>id Builders ol 

HIGH-GRADE PLEASURE BOATS 
Steam, Gas and Eledric Launches, 

Kacing Shells. Sail Yachts. Row Boals 

Working Boats. Yacht Tenders, 

Hunting Boats. Barges. Life 

Boats. Buck Koats. Canoes. 

Yawl Boats. St. Lawrence 

River Skiffs. 

FOREIGN TRADE A SPECIALTT. 

Our Leader — .A 22 foot Launch like cut 
for S375. equipped with a 3 H. P. Engine 

D. N. PERRY. Prop. 
WORKS : Foot Orange St. 

W\ A.N'DOTTE. MICH. 



Tourists Hunters 
ATTENTION ! 



1 have not killed lions with "Teddy", 
on the Lit:le .Missouri, nor grizzlies 
with a .22, but 1 supply ihe most re- 
liable guid>'5 and hunters in the Ca- 
nadian Rockies. 

8PECIALTIES: Fishing, Bear and Caribou Hunting 
TERMS REASONABLE. 



ROBT. E. CA/WPBELL, 

Liggan, Alta. C. P. R. Guide, Field, B. C. 



EASTERN GUN WORKS 



We have just received from England ' 

a shipment of finest Walnut for stocking ; 

high grade guns. Our work is done by j 

an expert and guaranteed. , 

WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF GUN REPAIRINO ' 
IN ALL ITS BRANCHES 



ALEX. JOHNSTON, 

494 EasterD Avenue,Toronto 



•When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUX IN CANADA. 



284 



KCD AND GUN IN CANADA 

I INTERCOLONIAL 



NEW 

PUBLICATIONS 



ISSUED BY THE 



[INTERCOLONIAL RAILWAY OF CANADA 




INTERCOLONIAL 

'•THE TR4IL OF THE MICMACS" 

Briefly telling of some Indian. hist one lore of 
the North Shore of New Brunswick, and also of 
its present sporting possibilities. 



Write 

General Passenger Dept. 

MONCTON. N B. 
FOR FREE COPIES 



I "fiSHINO \ND HLMING" 

Descriptive of the Fishing and Hunting Re- 
sorts leached by the Interiolcn;al RailwE). 



INTERCOLONIAL 

"TOURS TO SUMMER HAUNTS" 



An illustrated Booklet describing the places 
of most interest to the summer visitor. -, 



INTERCOLONIAL 

Time Table of Canada's Famous Train 

"THE MARITIME EXPRESS" 

wiih descriptive notes. 



INTERCOLONIAL 
"SALMON FISHING" 

A Treatise on the art of Fly Fishing by 
an expert angler. 

vuTHE INTERCOLONIAL , OB 

"A WEEK IV THE CANAAN WOODS" 

An illustrated folder interesting to hunters 
of big game. 

INTERCOLONIAL 

"MOOSE OF THE MIRAMICHI" 

True stories of big game hunting in the 
forests of northern New Brunswick. 

INTERCOLONIAL 
"FOREST STREAM AND SEASHORE' 

A book worthy of a place in any library. 
A full and graphic description of the 
country traversed I'V the Intercolonial and 
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ROD AND GUN IN AN AD A 



285 




The Lenox Hotel 

//V BUFFALO 
^ North Street, at Delaware Avenue 



High-Grade, Modern Construction, 
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George Duchscherer, Proprietor. 




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286 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




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THIS CUT ILLUSTRATES 

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WE GIVE THE VERY BEST VALUE FOR MONEY OBTAINABLE WE GUARANTEE THAT EVERY BOAT OR 
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The Lakefield Canoe Building" and Manufaetuping- Co., Limited. 

( Successors to Strickland i: Co. and Thomas Gordon. ) LAKEFIELD. ONTARIO. 

Thos. GORDON. President. John E. Richardson Manager. Geo. B. Hilliard, Secretary. 

WRITE FOR CATA/.OGL'E AXP .\fr.\T/0.\ -ROD A\D GLW IX CAXAD.L 



WAYNE HOTEL 

AND PAVILION 



{American and Europerin Plans.) 
Onlv first-class hotel in city over- 
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European Plan. %i to S3- 
American Plan, 52.50 lo $4.50. 



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DETROIT, 



Proprietor. 

MICHIGAN 




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ESTABLISHED ISOO. 



Fishing Tackle 




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ROD AND GUN IN LAKiADA 



287 



OESBARATS 



(Ontario, Canada 
Georgian Bay) 



Twenty-eight miles East from Sauk Ste. Marie. Michigan 



Islands with Cain|)S and Cottages, furnished or unfurnished. 
Boats and Cinoes for sile or to rent for summer season, 1905. 



Also Lots on 
Mainland 




This Camp containing five rooms, 
stone fireplace, kitchen and ice house 
filled, will rent for $15000. boats 
extra. Fine lake-shore building sites 
on mainland. Splendid yachting, 
bathing, fishing, canoe trips. The 
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half a mile away, will open on June 
30th and remain open till well into 
Sptember. Railway station is two 
miles distant. steamer dock half a mile. 
Good railroad and steamer connec- 
tions from all the large cities of the 
United States and Canada. 

Desbarats is the northernmost 
station of the Chicago Yacht Club, 
and an important station of the 
Keewaydin Canoe Club. 

Splendid climate ; in the woods yet 
convenient. Stores, mail, supplies 
within easv reach. Address 



L. O. ARMSTRONG. Canadian Paciic Railway MONTREAL. QUE. 




DETROIT 



BUFFALO 

STEAMBOAT Co 



steamers Eastern States and Western States 
The DIRECTand POPULAR 
ROUTE to POINTS WEST 

DAILY SERVICE, MAY lOth 

Improved Express Senice i U hoursj Between 

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Lt. BaBTalo DaU.r, ^.SO P. 91. Ar. Detroit 4. SO A. 31. 

connecting with Early Morning Trains for Points NortL 

and West and D. i C. Line for Mackinac Isiacd, 
Lt. I etroit Dsilj, o.COP. n. ir. Bnffalo. 9.00A. 31. 
Connecting ■with all Mort.ing Trains for Points East. 
Kate between Buff:iio ami l>etroit $3.50 one way. 
$C.5U roaad trip. Berths $1.00, $1.5U ; Stateroom^ 
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Send £c Stamp for Illtistr-ted Pamph'et. 
Through Tickets aold to ail Points via Lake and Rail. 
RAIL TICKETS HONORED ON STEAMERS 
All Classes of Ticketa sold reading via Grand Truck. 
Micbii^an Central and Wabash Kailwnys, between Buf- 
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D. & B. Strs. in either direction between Buffalo an<l 
Detroit, A. A. SCHA>'TZ, G.S.&P.T.M., Detroit.Micb. 



WANTED 



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a representative in ever)' city and town in Canada and 
the United States, to solicit subscription"; for this inter- 
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the agency with. This is an opportunity that should he 
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good money. For further particulars, piease address 
Subscription Department, 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA, 
■W. J. TAYLOR. Publisher, 

Woodstock, Ont 



OF INTEREST TO ANGLERS 

is the new revised edition of 
AMERICAN FISHES 

BV G. BROWN GOODE. LL.D. . LATE U. S. COMMISSIOIiER 

OF FISHERIES 



A popular treatise upon the game and food fishes o 
North America, with special reference to habits and 
methods of capture Several chapters of additional 
material have been added, including a complete classifi- 
cation of all North American fishes. Tlie numerotis 
illustrations include six full-page colored plates, and a 
fine half-tone portrait of Dr. Goode. Revised and edited 
bv Professor Theodore N. Gill, of the Smithonian 
Institution. REGULAR PRICE $3 50 

We. the publishers of ROD AND GUN IN 
C.\N.ADA will send a copv of this book absolutely iree 
upon receipt of FOUR NEW SUBSCRIPTIONS to 
the only publication in America devoted exclusively to 
the interests of hunting, fishing, and trap-shooting in 
Canada, viz: — 

ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

Send us vour own and three other subscriptions 
and this valuable and exceUent book is yours. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM 
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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA, 
W. J. Taylor. Publisher. 

Woodstock, Ontario. 



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288 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




THE DEADLY MOSQUITO. 



"It is sufficient to sav protection from Mosquito Bites affords complete Immunity in ague in all ita 
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Against this, deadly insert Science has at last pfi'vidfd m with a protective agent in the shape oj 

ANTIKITO CREAM (Reg.) 

This wonderful preparation — which is most delightfully refreshing to use— is the outcome 
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ed parts aftbrds protection for hours. Invaluable for hospital use, and should be in the kit of all 
e.\peditions. It is better than Quinine 



ANTIKITO CREAM Is manufactured under expert supervision in the Syndicate's own laboratoiy. and 
is put up in two sizes, retailing at $1.26 and SOc. respectively. Obtainable at all druggists. Proprietors 

ANTIKITO SYNDICATE, LTD., 

6 Great Portland Street. LONDON. 

SOLE CANADIAN AGENTS : EVANS and SONS. LTD., MONTREAL. 



N. B.— A moM interesting and instruclive booklet entitle d— •TH K MOSgUnO AND SOMETHING ABOUT 
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"When writing advertisers kindly mention rtOD AND O.l'N IM CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



289 



r.^.^. 



^ ^. <fe: 



When a big cock grouse thunders up through the brush, he presents the 
most difficult mark in the world, and it's a quick man with a good lively gun 
that makes a fair bag of these birds. The new fflat/ln 1 2-gauge, Model 
No. I 7 is a light, quick gun, made to meet the demand for repeating shot-guns 
of highest quality at a very moderate price. It is similar to the 7f&zr/i/i 
Model No. 1 9 Grade A, except for its solid frame and straight grip stock. 

Important improvements, such as the use of two extractors and a two-piece safety recoil 
block, make it the easiest, most reliable and best working gun in the market. Bored for both 
smokeless and black powders and any size shot. Guaranteed to pattern better than 325 pellets 
in a 30-inch circle at 40 yards using 1 '4 ounce of No. 6 chilled shot. A perfect trap gun, 
having every advantage of the single barrel. You sight over the center of your load — not off 
at one side. You are not breaking your birds with the right side of your left banel load and 
die left side of your right barrel load. You center ihe bird ecery lime. 

This, and ever)' other 7/lar^in, has the unique solid top and side ejector features, which guarantee 
safely and prevent the ejected shell from flying in your face. The 2flar/in Breechbolt keeps out water, 
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WRiTE TO-DAY for our new Catalogue, containing a complete description of this splendid gun. Sent 
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TAe T^^ir/in j^rearms Co. 6? Willow St., Neta HaVen, Conn. 




KILLS RUST 

THE XTar^in RUST REPELLER is the 

best rust preventative made, because it does not 
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1 \'z 0£. tube sent postpaid for ) 3 cents. 



TZlar/in Model No. 17, 12- 

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32 in. barrel, full choked, six shots, weight about 

lyi lbs. Catalogue price $21.00. Less at your dealers. 



THE BEST AND MOST 

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CARLTONS 1905 STYLES. ^^.==z—^:::^MADE 

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2 go 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

The Original 



"CORDINOS" 



(J. C. CORDING 6 CO.. Limited. 



Established 1839. 



Tor 



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ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



2gi 



Newly Built... 

And furnished throughout with all conveniences the 

HOTEL 
KING EDWARD 

Will give its guest the best attention when visiting 

BANFF 




"THE HOODOS OF BANFF." 

The hub of the Canadian National Park and the hot Sulphur 
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Rates $2.00 per day. 

Any information cheerfully given by writing to 

N. K. LUXTON, Manager. 

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292 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




The hand that steers 
also controls the power 

The Rambler throttle is opened 
or closed by the fingers of the hand 
that rests on the steering wheel. 

Every forward movement of the car, 
from top speed to a complete stop, can be 
regulated by this means alone. 

This simplicity of control secures positive safety 
for every Rambler owner. 

This feature is only one of the many points of Rambler 
superiority. The rest will be mailed you on request. 

Surrey Type One, illustrated above (without topi, $1350 complete with lamps, 
tools, etc. Cape top, $125 extra. Other models $750, $850, $2000, $3000. 

THomas B. Jeffery CQ, Company, 

Kenosha, 'Wisconsin, U. S. A. 

Automobile and Supply Co., Toronto, Ontario. Eastern Automobile Co., Montreal, Quebec. 
Ketchum C&, Company, Ottawa, Ontario. 




1NWTTU »00- 



"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



293 



CANADA'S 

Famous Shooting Resorts 



Within reach are moose, caribou, deer, salmon, land locked 
salmon, trout and wildfowl. 

Deer, ruffed grouse, duck and trout. 

Deer, duck, ruffed grouse, woodcock, trout and black bass. 

Deer, black bass, and trout. 

Moose, deer, bear, duck, ruffed grouse, pike and dore. 

Moose, deer, bear, wildfowl, ruffed grouse, pike and dore. 

Moose, deer, bear, caribou, ruffed grouse, duck, lake trout, 
trout, black bass, pike and dore. 

DESBARATS, ONT. Deer, ruffed grouse, duck, lake trout, bass, pike, dore, moose 
and brook trout. 



QUEBEC 

LABELLE, P. Q. 
OTTAWA VALLEY 
MATT AW A, ONT. 
KIPAWA, P. Q. 
TIMISKAMING 
TIMAGAMING 



NEPIGON 

WINNIPEG 

QU'APPELLE 
BANFF SPRINGS 



Heavy brook trout, lake trout, black bass, duck, moose, 
caribou and deer. 

Within reach are moose, elk, bear, mule, and whitetail deer, 
wolf, wildfowl and chicken. 

Unrivalled goose, duck and chicken shooting. 

In the Canadian National Park, trout fishing, mountain 
climbing, sulphur baths ; and outfitting point for Rocky 
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GLACIER HOTEL In the wild Selkirk range near the Great Glacier. Mountain 
cHmbing, bear, caribou, and goat shooting. 



SICAMOUS 
VANCOUVER 



On the great Shuswap Lake. Bear, deer, goat, trout and 
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Within reach are deer, bear, goat, Mongolian pheasant, 
grouse, wildfowl, salmon and trout. 



Sportsmen will find In Canada an unrivalled field. 

"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



294 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




REO 



1 he REO Tnuring Car. I'l h. p.. 1500 pounds, 90 inch 
wheel base. 5 passfnqcrs. Mde-door detachable tonneau. 
Speed 35 miles per hour PRICE $12S0. 

This is the car that won 3 cups in the Paddock Hill 
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per cent, grade and beat 26 competitors including 8 cars of 24 h. p. rating and twice the Keos price. 



Reasons : 



There is a good Reason for every good point in REO cars. 

They are >-;•;// because of tlieir light weight and the compact, powerful motor with horizontal cyliiiders 
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The REO Runabout, 8 h. p., 900 pound.s, 2 passengers, 25 miles per hour, $650. 

Seni for Catalog-ue. A;-n,ies throughout the United States. 

RZO Motor Car Co., 



R. f. OLDS, President. 
Factory: Lansing, Mich. 



R. M. 0W£,\, Sales Manager, 
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"'^"p GASOLINE LAUNCHES 



GRADE 



ALL SIZES. 



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Kighlecn foot, equipped with 3 H. H. New 
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CAISADA LAUNCH and ENGINE WORKS, Limited. 

root of Carlaw Avenue, TORONTO, ONT. 



"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUX IK CAX.A.rA. 



Vol. VII No. 3 

RODG- GUN in CANADA 

and Other Diversion. 

The contents of this magazine are copyrighted and must not be reprinted nPitbout permission. 

Contents for August, 1905. 



November Moose Hunting in New Brunswick. 

By G. E. Armstrong 295 

Sport up the Gatineau ( Maniwaki branch of the Canadian Pacific 

Railway, Ottawa to Maniwaki ) 299 

An Unpublished Fragrant of Thoieau — A Diversion 302 

A Good Fl\' Protective 304 

"What's in a Name" 304 

Spoiling Men — Anglo-Saxon Degeneration 305 

Sport in Southern British Columbia 305 

Fish and Game Protection in Ontario 307 

That Big Moose. By Averj- Morehouse 310 

How to Attract Sportsmen 311 

The Sparrow and Crow Nuisance. Spring shooting. 

By J . Miner 312 

The Artificial Breeding of Fish. By Edward Conner 313 

Fishing and Shooting ... 315 

At the Dawning (poem). By Arthur L. Phelps 315 

After Fish in Temagami. By George P. Beswick 316 

The Open Season in Ontario 319 

Game Protection in Algoma 320 

Game Protection in Ontario 322 

Fishing on the Tay. By F. \V. Lee 323 

"Bobbing for Mud Cats ' on the Scugog 326 

SPORTS AFLOAT. Edited bv Louis Marais 328 

WITH THE CAMERA. F:(lited by Ernest Hounsom 334 

Our Medicine Bag 337 

Publisher's Department 345 

THE TRAP 359 



Issued Monthly. Yearly Subscriptions, $i.00 in adOance Single Copies, 10c. 

Communications on all topics perlaminK to tisliing. shooting, canceing. yachting, amoinobiling, the 
kennel, amateur photography and trapshooting will be welcomed and published, if suitable All com- 
munications must be accompanied by the nameof the writer, not necessarily for publication, however. 

Rod and Gun i.s C.\nada does not assume any responsibility for, or necessarily endorse, any views 
expressed by contributors to its columns. 

IV. J. Taylor, Publisher, Woodstock, Ont. 

BRANCH OFFICE BRANCH OFFICF. BRANCH OFFICE 

117 Mail UuUdiuil, Toioiito. Ont. 6 Bnuvit-re St. Luiulon. Ensjliind. «03 L'riiit; St.. Montreal. Canada. 




o 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



295 



^^^ 






•I- 


ROD AND GUN 

IN CANADA ^ >^ 






^^^ 



VOL. VII. 



AUQUST, leos. 



No. 3 



November Moose Hunting in New Brunswick. 

By G. E. ARMSTRONG, PERTH. N. B. 



In November last year I arranged with 
Mr. Williams for a two weeks moose hunt 
at Deer Pond Park, about ten miles south 
from Wapske Camp, on Burnt Hill stream, 
a branch of the Miramichi River. We start- 
ed early in the morning, but it was after- 
noon before we reached our Camp, as we 
had a hard tramp with hea^'T packs. How- 
ever despite our tired feelings we were not 
long in getting luncheon, for the pangs of 
hunger roused us to action. The remainder 
of the day was taken up in cutting wood 
and getting our things into order. This was 
the first still hunting ever done in this 
part of the country, and the first time I 
had hunted there. 

By daylight next morning we were up 
and off. We crossed the stream and start- 
ed to the west to some big ridges we could 
see from the pond. After about a mile of 
hard tramping we reached the ridge, and 
found it a very pretty one indeed — a place 
where one would expect to see lots of game 
if there were any in the country. We trav- 
elled all day however, and saw nothing but 
a few red squirrels, and very few tracks of 
big game. We were both exhausted and dis- 
appointed on our return to camp, but these 
feelings were not allowed to interfere with 
our enjoyment of a very excellent supper, 
which included a moose steak, from a 
moose killed two weeks before by a party 
of sportsmen who had hunted from the 
camp at which we were now located. 



The second day we started south east 
of the stream and soon came upon moose 
tracks. These were diligently followed up, 
though we discovered they were those of a 
cow moose, and we were led to a ridge on 
which we found tracks of a herd. These had 
been made a couple of days previously, and 
there appeared to be five or six moose in 
the herd. Some fine still hunting follow- 
ed. The trail was a difficult one to make 
out as it led in all manner of ways. We 
were busily engaged in this difficult pur- 
suit when all at once we heard a crash, 
and knew that the moose had scented us. 
We did not even get a look at them as 
they started off to the south through a 
big swarap. Believing that no sensible bull 
moose would ever cross that swamp we de- 
cided not to follow them. On taking an 
easterly course along the ridge we had not 
gone far before we came in sight of two 
cows lying down as unconcernedly as could 
be chewing the cud. For some minutes we 
stood enjoying the sight of these beautiful 
animals in their native wilds. Then we 
made a noise. They jumped up and looked 
our way, but could not see us as we had 
dodged behind some trees. They seemed to 
know there was danger, however, and set 
off at a fine trot— such a speed did they get 
up that they must soon have put a couple 
of miles between us. Although we return- 
ed to camp empty handed we felt much 
better as the evidence of our eyes had con- 



296 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



vinced us that there were still moose in 
the country, and further we knew some- 
thing of their haunts. If anything we en- 
joyed our excellent supper better than be- 
fore, and after clearing up had a smoke, 
ajid by anticipation experienced all the 
joys of the following day's hunting. On 
turning in to our beds of good balsam 
boughs we were soon in dreamland. 

The third morning saw us on the same 
ridge as the day before, but we kept north 
of our previous tracks. In half an hour 
we came on moose signs that had been 
made on the previous night, and then went 
in for still hunting. The snow which was 
about six inches deep and very soft, favor- 
ed us, and we were enabled to get near 
enough to see a cow get up, then the calf, 
and both walk off. Just as they were disap- 
pearing a bull got up and rushed after 
them. They must have scented us, and 
they set off at such a pace that we never 
saw them again. 

Turning to the south east we were not 
long before we came upon more moose 
tracks, and 'fresh ones this time. Appar- 
ently they were those of a herd, for they 
were numerous enough for a dozen, and 
that there were bulls in the herd we soon 
knew. When moose are quietly feeding they 
do a lot of zig-zagging, and usually scat- 
ter out well. They are therefore very dif- 
ficult to follow, and if one is startled all 
the rest go off with him. By great good 
fortune we came upon a swell bull lying 
down. We were watching him very intent- 
ly when a gust of wind came and carried 
our scent down to him. To our great sur- 
prise up jumped four bulls, and the way in 
which they made off would make one think 
they were engaging in a race. We had a 
pretty good look at them as they went, 
and saw that two were large moose, 
though they had not such a good spread of 
antlers as we were desirous of taking; and 
for that reason we did not attempt a shot. 

As it was getting well on towards noon 
•we looked out for a brook in order to pro- 
cure water for tea. After crossing a thick 
spruce knoll we came out on a beaver mea- 
dow where the grass was very tall, and 
here we found deer tracks. Luncheon over 
we decided to return to camp, hunting on 
the way. We passed two cow moose, and 
later on came to the tracks of a large 
moose, which appeared to be a bull. For a 



couple of hours we followed those tracks, 
all the signs convincing us that a bull was 
ahead, when we came up to a cow moose 
standing like a statue. 

We were too disgusted to do anything 
else but make as straight a line for our 
camp as \\e could. It was after dark be- 
fore we got there, very tired, very hun- 
gry, and very disappointed. A hot supper 
however put new life and new hope within 
us, and we were soon ready if need be to 
start out on the same tramp again. There 
is nothing like hunting to give one interest 
and excitement, and it is not at all sur- 
prising that we were out with the first 
streak of dawn the next morning ■ with 
hopes as high as ever. We had scarcely 
started when we saw a cow moose in a 
pond, and as soon as she saw us she made 
for the woods. On a ridge near the beaver 
meadow, which we had visited the previous 
day, we found lots of deer tracks. As we 
were looking for larger game we passed 
them all by, and at length found fresh 
moose tracks. Following them up we came 
to a fir tree with the bark all peeled oft 
for eight feet high. We knew that the bull 
had done this with his antlers, and that 
he must be a big one. After still hunting 
for an hour we lost the tracks. In circling 
round for the purpose of re-discovering 
them we found two large tracks going to 
ihe south west and started on them. We 
followed them through a swamp and on to 
a ridge till the.v led us into more tracks. 
These were so easy to follow that we got 
up to the moose before we knew it, and 
they winded us. While the cows were for 
immediate flight the bulls seemed to be 
curious to know what had alarmed them. 
We caught sight of the bulls twice, but 
they finally got away. Going north we 
came on some more tracks, and found them 
to be two large bulls. Now we tried all 
the woodcraft we knew to come up to 
them without disturbing them. By and by 
we came to a place where it was obvious 
another bull had joined them, and a battle 
royal had ensued. There were signs of the 
conflict on every hand. So exciting was 
this chase that we followed the tracks till 
dark, and then had five miles to go to the 
camp. 

Next morning it was raining, and as 
the rain was freezing as it fell, forming 
a crust, we knew that whatever we did we 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



297 



must do it that day. It was ten o'clock 
before we reached the point where we had 
left ofi the previous evening, and five min- 
utes afterwards we came upon the place 
where they had passed the night. It was 
exasperating to think that had we only 
kept on for two hundred yards we should 
have come up to them. We had not been 
on their tracks more than half an hour 
when we started them. As we were mak- 
ing a lot of noise, and as the crust grew 
worse every minute, I made up my mind 
thSt the only thing we could do was to 
travel against the wind. Accordingly we 
turned to the south east with the wind in 
our faces, and' had not resumed our tramp 
for more than twenty minutes when I saw 
a moose step ahead through an opening. I 
was convinced by his actions that he was 
one of the lot we had started. Apparent- 
ly he was listening for us, and he soon 
passed out of sight. He was a fine animal 
and carried a beautiful set of antlers. 
■While I was still looking after him my 
companion pointed out another one, about 
150 yards from us, and aiming at his for- 
ward shoulder let go a 4.5-70 500 grain bul- 
let which dropped him in his tracks. It 
was a first class shot, and there are few 
hunters who could have made as good a 
one under the same circumstances. When we 
made an examination we found that the 
■bullet had gone clean through the animal, 
and stuck in a rock maple on the other 
side. We found we had a very nice moose 
with a pretty set of antlers. It took us 
a.n hour to get off the head, and it was 
noon before we were prepared to return to 
camp. We found that we had got the 
smallest one of the three, and were quite 
sure the first two we started to follow 
were bigger ones. 

On our way back to camp we 
•came in sight of a cow moose 'feed- 
ing along our tracks. Stopping and 
watching her we saw a small bull 
coming behind her. A calf moose »vas 
there also, and when the cow began to call 
■we heard another bull answer. Going in 
that direction we found two pretty bulls 
lying down. We crfept up to within thirty 
yards of them, and watched them chewing 
the cud until we got tired and started 
back to where we had left our moose head. 
We now saw where a good many moose 
fcad crossed our tracks. 



On the following day we took the head 
to the home camp, and we found on arriv- 
ing there that the other gentleman, who 
was hunting at another camp, had got his 
moose also as the head was there. Howev- 
er we saw nothing of the party as they 
had gone back again. After a good dinner 
we followed their example, and started for 
the hunting camp with renewed supplies. 
As we had heavy loads both ways we were 
very tired when we got into camp, tut de- 




MOOSE HUXTIXG IX NEW BRUNSWICK. 

cided now that we had our moose to go in 
for some exploration work. 

With this object in view our first trip 
was undertaken in the rain. We intended 
to go to Clearwater, and made for a lit- 
tle stream running east. When we found 
this stream we followed it till we came to 
an old logging road and kept on this till 
one o'clock. It rained hard all day, and 
knowing it would take us until dark to 
reach the camp we reluctantly gave up for 
the time, and made for our woodland 
liome. Cold, wet, and weary as we were 
when we arrived, we speedily, as old cam- 
paigners, made ourselves comfortable, and 
even thought, as we smoked our pipes be- 
fore turning in, that we could like to go 
back again— though we did not. 

Some hunters had told us about a lake 
lying between the Clearwater and Burnt 
Hill streams, and next morning we set out 
determined to redeem our character as ex- 
plorers by finding that lake, or dying in 
the attempt. After travelling some hours 



29S 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



we came lo a mountain which we climbed, 
and from the top saw the lake to the 
south of us. Taking our bearings pretty 
well we made for that lake, and on arriv- 
al on its banks found it to be a' pretty 
lake, two miles long, by about half a mile 
wide. We had our luncheon on the shores, 
and I noticed that the water was both 
deep and clear. .Although I did not try it 
at the time (I mean to do so later) I am 
convinced! that there are lots of trout 
there. It also looked as though it would 
be a great place for moose in the early 
Fall. We cut a trail on our way back in 
order to have an easier route in future. 

That night we determined to return to 
the home camp, and spend the remainder 
of our stay there. I wanted to shoot a 
moose so as to take the meat home with 
me, and for that purpose I wanted to shoot 
it as near the tote road as possible. The 
very first day we saw several bulls but as 
they were small I decided to wait hoping 
to get a big one, and meaning to fall back 
on the little ones if I failed to get one of 
their big brothers. On the second day we 
saw a herd with several bulls in it. The 
herd was feeding with the big bull ahead, 
and it was difTicult to get a shot at him. 
.'Vfter following them a mile they winded 
us, and were off like the wind itself. They 
certainly sounded as though there wore a 
dozen in the herd. W'e went a mile or so 
along the tote road, and then saw moose 
ahead. I also saw horns which appeared 
to be good ones. There was another herd, 
and at length I got a shot at a big bull. 
As he was a long way oB and the brush 
very thick I made a clean miss. Off they 
went and I after them with scarcely an 
idea of ever seeing them again. In about 
a quarter of a mile however I came upon 
the old bull looking back to see what was 
making all the noise behind him. He did 
not have to stand long before I gave him 
a 45-70, and though he started to go it 
was no use and he fell. When we reached 
him he was dead. We were less than half 
a mile from the tote road, and only two 
miles from camp. 

On our way back we ran upon a moose 



on the road, and he allowed us to get very- 
close to him. As we had reached our lim- 
it with deer, it was caribou we were after 
now. We had two days of exciting hunting 
during which wo were continually coming 
upon moose. Our friends at the other camp- 
each got a jnoose, and the cook went out 
one day and shot the best of the bunch. In 
the result therefore we each had a moose, 
and the best hunting time of our lives. My 
companion, whom I had guided for years, 
proved a first class sportsman, always do- 
ing his share in carrying and tramping. We 
have hunted the best of the Tobique re- 
gion on the snow, and let the weather be 
what it would, he was always to the fore. 
When the whole day has been passed with- 
out food he would come into camp feeling 
better than I did, and his cheery ways and 
ready hands soon enabled us to get things 
straight, and forget any little discomforts. 




MOOSE HINTING IN NEW BRUNSWICK. 

I feel convinced that moose is on the 
increase in New Brunswick, and that where 
there was one ten years ago, there are ten 
today. Every hunter in the Province will, 
I believe say the same, and no visitor who 
is a hunter should go home without his 
moose. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



299 



Sport up the Gatincau (Maniwaki Branch of the 
Canadian Pacific Railway, Ottawa to Maniwaki.) 



There can be no question about it that 
the Maniwaki Branch of the Canadian Pa- 
cific Railway (formerly known as the Gat- 
ineau Valley Railway) affords the greatest 
sport imaginable to lovers of rod and gun. 
One need not go very far from Ottawa 
either as there are excellent trout lakes 
all the way along the line within a few 
miles of the Railway from about Chelsea 



which may be reached by crossing the riv- 
er in the ferry boat and walking about a 
mile till you come to Blackburn's Creek. 
You cannot miss it as the road crosses the 
creek. Sometimes there is very nice sport 
to 'be had along this stream. The trout 
are not large but are worth catching. 
There are some good trout and bass lakes 
and trout streams near Wakefield and there 




PICAXOCK RIVER, GRACEFIELD, QUE., GATINEAU DISTRICT. 



up to the terminus, Maniwaki. There are 
also trout streams in close proximity to 
the Stations at Kirk's Ferry, Farrellton, 
Venosta and Kazabazua. It is necessary 
to cross the Gatineau River to reach the 
two former streams but then this is easily 
accomplished as there is a ferry boat at 
each of the points named or a short dis- 
tance below the Stations. There is a nice 
speckled trout stream near Kirk's Ferry 



is also livery accommodation here. Within 
a few miles of Venosta there is a good 
trout stream and also Roger's lake noted 
for its large speckled trout. They run to 
over four pounds in this lake and tlie fish- 
ing is free to the patrons of the Railway. 
The Company has a boat on the lake for 
the accommodation of anglers and no 
charge is made for its use. Mr. Michael 
Myles will meet anglers at the Station 



^oo 



KOD AND GUN IN CANAD.i 



on receipt of a letter addressed to him al 
Venosta if they will drop him a line a few 
days ahead ; drive them to his farm house, 
—the nearest one to the lake, and put them 
up there at very reasonable rates. Some- 
times the trout in this lake will take a fly 
and sometimes it is necessary to troll for 
them or use bait. However, this is often 
the case with these large trout in all 
lakes. 




STREAM NEAR KARKELTON, Ufi:., 
GATINEAU DISTICT. 

Kazahazua river is a good place for 
trout and the fishing improves as you go 
farther up the stream. The better plan is 
to drive up about six miles and fish down. 

It is impossible to enumerate the dif- 
ferent lakes and streams all along the line 
of Railway and it is only necessary to say 
that anglers may feel confident that they 
can obtain excellent sport with both trout 
»nd black bass by driving a few miles from 
aimost any of the Stations on this branch 
of the Railway you may say from Chelsea 
to the terminus of the line. 

The Blue Sea Lake, a lovely sheet of 
water, affords very good sport with the 
black bass and lake trout. Take a tent 
and camp right on the spot or put up at 
some of the farm houses on the lake shore. 



The best places for bass will be found a- 
round the islands. Some fine ones are 
caught here running up to four pounds. The 
lake trout are taken chiefly by trolling. 
Many fine residences have recently been 
erected on this lake and it is bound to be 
riuite a summer resort in a few years, no 
doubt. 

Within a few miles of the terminus, 
Maniwaki, one may obtain fine sport in the 
lakes for both bass and trout. There is 
good hotel accommodation here and liv- 
ery. The Maniwaki hotel is a good one 
and might be made the starting point for 
a trip to these lakes. Deer hunting and 
partridge shooting are very good within a 
few miles of Maniwaki. A letter to. Mr. 
James Millar, Joseph Farm, Maniwaki, 
would secure the desired information a- 
bout sport in this district and , arrange- 
ments might be made with him for guides, 
canoes, tents, etc. Gracefield too is a good 
jioint for both fishing and shooting, and 
there are fine lakes in this vicinity. Many 
iif them, however, are leased by clubs. 

It is rather a diffcult matter to give 
a list of flies that may be considered the 
liest to use generally in the different lakes 
referred to without introducing a very 
large numby'r of patterns, but the following, 
compiled by an expert angler who has fish- 
ed in many of these waters, will, be found 
to be good killers in most of the lakes in 
this section of the country:— 

FOR TROUT-Paramachcnee Belle, Grizz- 
ly King, Dark Montreal, Professor, Queen 
of the Water, Zulu, Jenny Lind, Silver 
Doctor, Claret Hackle, dressed on hooks 
No. 5 to ,7, old scale. 

FOR BLACK BASS— Massassaga, Parm- 
achenee Belle, Silver Doctor, Lord Balti- 
more, Professor, Grizzly King, Hook No 1, 
old scale. 

It is not necessary to go beyond this 
list ; in fact the two first mentioned flies 
arc generally all that are required for 
black bass. 

In trolling or casting for black bass 
nothing could possibly be-better than the 
"Dowagiac" minnows made b.v James Hed- 
don & Son, of Dowagiac, Mich. Ketchum 
Bros, of Ottawa have them for sale. Put 
one of the No. 100 and 150, rainbow pat- 
tern in your tackle box if you want to 
catch bass. 

It might be well to put a bottle of fly 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



30« i 




OVIET CORNER ON STREAM NEAR WAKEFIELD, QUE., GATINEAU DISTRICT. 




ON THE GATINEAU, NEAR FOOT OF PANGAN FALLS, 



302 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



oil in your outtit if you go north during 
the fly season , (the best fishing time.) The 
following is a first-class article:— 

3 oz. pine tar, 

2 oz castor oil, 

1 oz. oil of pennyroyal. 

Simmer over a slow fire and bottle. Any 
druggist will make this up for a trifle. 

The summer train service on this sec- 
tion is excellent as will be seen by refer- 
ence to the time table. Trains leave Otta- 
wa as follows: — 



At 6.00 P.^f. Sunday only. Arrive in Ot- 
tawa 9.35 P. M. 
At 5.40 P. M. Saturday only. Arrive in 

Ottawa 9.15 P. M. 
At 5.15 A. M. daily, except Sunday. Ar- 
rive in Ottawa 8.50 A.M. 
Quite a number of Ottawa people have 
cottages at or near Chelsea, Kingsmere, 
Kirk's Kerry, Wakefield and the Blue Sea 
Lake, and the train service has been ar- 
ranged so as to admit of their going out 
after and returning in time for the office 




SP0RTS1I.\N'S CABIN', NKAK LOW, OUK., GATINEAf DISTRICT. 



At 7.20 A.M., daily, except Saturday and 
Sunday. .Arrive at Maniwaki 1.05 p.m 

At 9.00 A. .VI., Sunday only. Arrive at 
Maniwaki 12.45 P. M. 

At 1.30 P. M. Saturday, only. Arrive at 
Maniwaki 5.13 P. M. 

At 5.00 P.M., daily, except Sunday. Ar- 
rive at Maniwaki 8.45 P. M. 
Returning trains leave Maniwaki: 

At 2.25 P.M. daily, except Saturday and 



Sunday, .\rrive in Ottawa 7.45 P.M. 
in the morning. The Blue Sea Lake is be- 
ginning to Ijeconie a favourite resort with- 
in the past few years. Many Ottawa peo- 
ple have purchased land in this vicinity 
with the object of building summer cot- 
tages. Already quite a number of nice res- 
idences have been erected. 

The summer rates on this 'branch are 
M-rv reasonable. 



♦■-♦-♦ 



An Unpublished Fragment of Thorcau. 

A Diversion. 



All lovers of the wild, and adorers of 
lovable men, will sympathize with my en- 
thusiasm over thei subjoined unpublished 
fragment of Thoreau's which was sent to 



me the other day. .As it was read and 
pondered over it brought back to the writ- 
er's mind one of the never-to-be forgotten 
scenes of his boyhood, a recital of which 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



303 



may enable the reader to appreciate to 
some extent the delight of the writer over 
this simple but precious fragment in which 
I find the inestimable touch of nature 
which makes me feel akin to Thoreau, even 
though I may be only a "poor relation" of 
his. 

It was three o'clock in the morning 
when our old Irish farmer, who had raised 
a calf, a colt, and turnips for competition 
at the County Fair, awoke me out of a 
sound sleep. At 4 a.m. the morning was 
cold and raw. The intention had been to 
start at three o'clock, but the farmer over- 
slept himself— save the mark ! There was 
no time to cook any breakfast, and old 
John Crooks remarked "We'll have to eat 
turnips for breakfast." Out of a consider- 
able crop of turnips, eight monsters had 
been chosen to exhilbit at the fair, but . in 
order to show that there were more be- 
hind, another half dozen had been put in- 
to the cart, in which springless vehicle we 
had to travel twelve miles 'before we reach- 
ed the fair. 

These turnips had been raised by the 
flesh and blood and bones of old Dick. Dick 
was a favourite grey horse who had drawn 
me to my christening, andJwhom, from the 
age of seven upwards, I had been allowed 
to drive. He had a great reputation as a 
long distance traveller, and on one of these 
long trips, at the age of 31, he had been 
overfed, or allowed water before he should 
have had it, with as a result a serious ill- 
ness. The writer was one of sixteen, of 
whom nine were boys and a dozen of the 
family made tearful inquiries several times 
a day from the veterinary surgeon about 
the fate ol Dick. When the bulletin an- 
nounced the' hopeless condition of Dick 
there was wailing and lamentation all 
over the grounds and the house. Dick had 
no funeral service, but he had a funeral, 
and many mourning hearts accompanied 
him to the grave. Loud was the indigna- 
tion expressed, and many were the threats 
of violence made against John Crooks, 
when that practical farmer insisted upon 
quartering Dick, and burying him in one 
long trench— probably twenty feet long, re- 
marking that he would grow turnips over 
him, and he said that he felt sure that in 
that way he would raise prize turnips for 
the County Fair. F'ull o'f boiling indigna- 
tion the writer ventured to ask "Do vou 



Ihmk I am going to eat one of the turnips 
raised over old Dick ? " "If you don't like 
these," calmly replied John Crooks, "take 
one that was raised twenty feet away 
from him." On that particular morning of 
the Fair the writer accepted that com- 
promise, and breakfasted on turnips. That 
was long ago, but he still likes raw turn- 
ips. 

At that Exposition our dinner consisted 
of ginger bread and spruce beer, and some 
companion boys were treated to a meal of 
prize turnips. Out of the proceeds of other 
of the prize turnips a splendid hot supper 
was provided for both John Crooks and 
the writer, and the day finished up well. 
It was to the turnips however that the en- 
joyment and strong impressions of a most 
delightful day were owing. The writer has 
since eaten turnips . in London and New 
York restaurants, where the turnips alone 
cost more than that whole day's entertain- 
ment, but none of these have left the same 
impression upon palate or mind as did 
those succulent county fair roots. 

Attached is the Thoreau fragment and 
the impressions of my friend "E. R." who 
gave me this prized fragment:— Ed. 
Thoreau Fragment. 

"July 14th, 1851. — Nowadays some men 
add a little raw turnip to their ordinary 
diet. As I was passing over the great field 
where were sowed early turnips, this fore- 
noon, in company with the County Com- 
missioners, my companions, one and all, 
paused to pluck them two turnips, pare 
them with their knives, and ate them. I 
made a memorandum of this in order to 
know a County iCommissioner in future. 
This proves that they possess officially 
popular qualities— are available candidates. 
The chairman should be drawn with a tur- 
nip in his hand— and they may commence 
their perambulations when turnips are of a 
lertain size. 

"This nibbling of turnips to me is one 
of the treats that regularly occurs in the 
recollections of the seasons. This us one 
of the things which a traveller will do. , 1 
have seen one get out of his gig, leaving 
his horse in the road, and pluck the fairest 
turnip in a neighbor's field — scattering its 
rind in his tracks as he retraced his steps 
—and never give his horse a mouthful. 

"There are bovine appetites that find 
some fodder in everv field. I too tried to 



304 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



chew a mouthful of raw turnip, and rea- 
lize the life of cows and oxen, for it might 
be a useful hahit in extremities. 

"How many men have tasted a raw tur- 
nip ! How few have eaten a whole one ! 
For like reasons we sometimes eat much 
and say we love it, that we may re- 
turn the hospitality of nature by exhibit- 
ing a good appetite. 

"I used to dine with a neighbour occa- 
sionally where the bulk of the dinner was 
lettuce and oil with a crust of bread. We 
thought that with a hogshead of oil and a 



garden pot of lettuce we should be provid- 
ed for, once for all ! " 

The first time I read this over I think I 
missed nine-tenths of its value. With fur- 
ther reading and pondering I absorbed more 
and more, and perhaps upon its tenth per- 
usal there came to me its essence, (.and the 
underlying thoughts that made its writing 
a thing worth while — an illumination to 
my heavy understanding. And isn't this so 
of the best and truest philosophy?— E.R. 



>■>-■♦■ 



A Good Fly Protective. 



The following letter is valuable and we 
quote it in full. Sportsmen will be under 
obligations to Dr. Gerster for his trouble 
in this matter. Clearly we were a little 
mixed in our mixture, and we thank the 
Doctor for putting us straight, and con- 
tributing a mixture of his own, which up- 
on his recommendation we shall certainly 
put to the test of a trial at 'the very first 
opportunity. Dr. Gerster writes:— 
34 East 75th Street, 

New York, July 2Uh, 1905. 
To the Editor of "Rod and Gun". 

Dear Sir.— Referring to an item in your 
July number, page 137, where a mixture of 
pine tar, pennyroyal, and permanganate of 
potash, is recommended as a protective a- 
gainst insects, I wish to remark that thi-; 
recommendation seems to me to be a joke. 
First of all the potash salt is soluble in 
water only, and secondly if it be applied 



to the skin properly di-ssolved it will taint 
the skin of the credulous subject to the 
color of a full blood Congo negro. This 
tincture cannot be washed off by anything, 
but a strong solution of oxalic acid, and 
wanting this, w'ill only wear off with the 
peelang away of the skin — a rather slow 
process. Oil of tar and pennyroyal dilut- 
ed with linseed oil makes an excellent fly 
mixture against the black fly. To be ef- 
fective against the mosquito add to two 
ounces of the mixture, one dram of citron- 
ella oil (oil of nard.) 

Truly yours, 

ARPAD G. GERSTER, M. D 

Last month wc thought we were hoo- 
dooed in our original prescription; now we 
are sure of it. 



■>ff>t 



"What's in a Name." 



The present terminus of the Canadian 
Pacific Railway's Laurentian Mountain 
branch, running north from Montreal, re- 
joices in a name) the spelling of which by 
order of the Geographic Board of Canada 
has just been changed from Nominingue 
to Nomining. Those qualified to express 
an opinion on this subject say that . the 



word is derived from the Indian "Nomini" 
—"Vermilion," or putting 'vermilion on the 
face ; 'and "ing" "the place where," so 
that Nomining probably marks the spot 
where in some far away time before the 
dawn of (Canadian) history some Indiaa 
braves put on their war paint before des- 
cending on their enemies. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



305 



A station eighteen miles on the Mon- 
treal side of Nomining is called "Macaza," 
proDably a corruption of the Indian "Mik- 
asi,' "the White Eagle' perhaps the name 
of a chief who had his home there, or be- 
cause of some eagle shot there. If the old 
Laurentian rocks could speak we would 
doubtless have many interesting stories of 
events that happened long before the Cana- 
dian Pacific exploited that wilderness of 
mountain, lake, and forest, and the stream 
of summer tourist travel turned in that 
direction. 

The outlet of VVakamagaming Lake, 
which is the mother lake of the Wakamag- 
aning River, is generally called the Win- 
nebago River. It crosses the main line of 
the Canadian Pacific Railway at what will 
be the head camp of the Canadian Camp 
Club. It is confusing to have this called 
the Winnebago River, as when you go 
south from the Height of Land j'ou take 
the Wennebegon Lake, and the Wennebegon 



River. These names have the same mean- 
ing as Winnebago. The Indians don't call 
the river Winnebago ; they call it Wakam- 
agaming, and so the Geographic Board 
ought to call it. The Canadian Pacific 
Railway should also change the name of 
their Siding, and call it Wakamagaming, 
w'hich would be correct, and save confus- 
ion with the Wennebegon. 

The Geographic Board of Canada have 
changed the name of Rat Portage to Ke- 
nora. The inhabitants are said not to be 
in favour of the alteration. The new name 
certainly sounds better, but it is not so 
characteristic as the old one, which pos- 
sessed an individuality that caused it to 
be distinctively known the world over. 
Probably despite the fiat of those in au- 
thority, the old name will stick, and Rat 
Portage will continue to be known as one 
of those expressive and distinctive names 
which we all associate with the breezy and 
plain speaking West. 



-t-^Hf 



Spoiling Men. 

Anglo-Saxon Degeneration. 



I have had occasion to employ some 
very hardy Indians, good fellows who 
would go up to their necks in water at 
any time of the year, if necessary. I took 
these men down to Michigan, where I was 
constructing a building in about 18 inches 
of warm water, with a temperature of 74 
degrees. I had also three or four young 
American carpenters, who would not go in- 
to the water without waders because of 
their general weaknesses. When the In- 
dians saw these Americans with waders 
every one of them wanted a pair at. a cost 
of $11.00 each. Thus it is that men grow 
soft. We used to feel some little patriotic 
pride in the hardiness of the British, the 
American, and the Canadian man. Physi- 



cally he is a degenerate today, and we 
welcome the arrival of the Scandinavian, 
the German, the Russian, and even the 
Italian, who is well accustomed to face the 
weather, whatever it may be, and to do 
his work without petting. I have camped 
and made long canoe trips for thirty years 
with both ladies and gentlemen, and not 
two per cent of those with whom I have 
camped, but would have cheerfully with- 
stood hardships, compared with which 
that little warm water instance in Michi- 
gan would be an unmentionable trifle. It 
is no wonder that our soldiers cut such 
sorry figures in South .Africa, Cuba, the 
Phillipines, and the Bull's Run manoeu- 
vres. 



Sport in Southern British Columbia. 



Mr. Thomas Clark writes to "Rod and 
Gun" from Lytton, B.C., giving us some 
description of an attractive country, and 



promising further information later on. He 
states that from Harrison Lake ( to the 
south west of Lytton,) to Lillooet Lake, 



306 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




SKKTCH Ol-I.YTTON I.II.I.OOET COfNTRY. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



307 



northwest of the same place, and from the 
Fraser River to Lillooet Lake is practical- 
ly unexplored. So far as big game is con- 
cerned—and big game in this connection 
means grizzly, silver tip, and black bear, 
mountain sheep and goats, with an occa- 
sional panther — it is a virgin country for 
hunters. Small game likewise abounds. 
The streams are plentifully stocked with 
brook trout, and the lakes are the spawn- 
ing grounds for salmon. There are fish 
hatcheries on Seton and Harrison Lakes. 

A considerable amount of work has 
been done inl making trails from L.vtton, 
and Mr. Clark adds:— What with high 
mountains, glaciers, lakes, streams, and 
■valleys, all abounding in fish and game, 
parties should be able to spend a fine t'nic 



in this district, and return to their homes 
well satisfied with their experiences, >ih)ch 
can scarcely fail to be pleasant ones. 

To anyone interested in Indian ethnolo- 
gy too, the district should also prove at- 
tractive, as there are many old burying 
grounds along the Fraser River and Stry- 
en Creek, where many interesting relics 
and curios have been found. 

Visitors during August, .September, and 
October can enjoy a full supply of the fin- 
est fruit. 

The Indians are reticent about giving 
information and the only way to open up 
the country will be by exploring and hunt- 
ing trips, good preparations for which 
have now been made. 



Fish and Game Protection in Ontario. 



If the great Province of Ontario has 
seemed to lag behind in the important 
work of organization for the protection of 
fish and game, the reason has doubtless 
been that those in authority have proved 
themselves well alive to their duties in 
this respect, and have steadily pursued a 
policy which might well serve as a model 
for other Provinces to follow. Slowly but 
surely however it has been borne in upon 
the people, and upon sportsmen in partic- 
ular, that the very best protective laws 
are of no avail without the public spirit to 
see to their enforcement. The members of 
a Fish and Game Protective Association 
can wield great influence in this direction, 
as well as suggest amendments and im- 
provements to the existing laws, such as 
experience of their working render imper- 
atdve if the very best effects are to be 
obtained from them. We therefore wel- 
come the formation of such an Association 
in Ontario, and believe the members will 
find plenty of work to do. The Province 
covers such an area that an enormous num- 
ber of wardens would be needed to do any 
really effective work and even then If the 
public spirit is lacking, the protection 
must largely, fail of its legitimate influ- 
ence. Founded as the Ontario Association 
is on the most democratic basis, and in- 



cluding in its ranks all who are interested 
in either fishing or shooting, the power for 
good that it may wield through its indivi- 
dual members upon guides and settlers will 
far surpass all the work that wardens can 
accomplish. 

The Ontario Association is young, and 
possesses the enthusiasm of youth, coupled 
with the characteristic of thoroughness. 
The members are preparing literature, 
showing guides and settlers how protection 
is all in their favour ; others mean to 
study the subject of fish hatcheries, open 
and close season for fish, big and small 
game, the introduction of new species, 
etc. ; while two committees are specially 
charged with the separate work of exten- 
sion of the Association's operations, and 
of bettering the laws on the subject. This 
programme is a comprehensive and ambi- 
tious one, and the nearer the Association 
gets to Its realization the more valuable 
will its work prove to the whole Province. 

Mr. A. Kelly Evans, of Toronto, has 
been the moving spirit in the formation of 
the new Association, and from the address 
which he delivered at the inaugural meet- 
ing we give the following quotations, both 
as showing very clearly the important du- 
ties which the merrfbers of such an Associ- 
ation may render to the Province, and the- 



^OX 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



many reasons which justify the existence 
of the Society. The plea of Mr. Kelly 
Evans for efficient protection is so power- 
ful that it should prove irresistible; and 
"Rod and Gun" extends its best wishes 
to the new organization, and heartily wish- 
es for its members the full realization of 
their ideals. 

Subjoined are the quotations referred 
to:- 

"It must be borne in mind, that were 
the class of sportsmen joining the Associ- 
ation restricted to one strata of society, 
Tery little could be done. It is therefore 
the plan that all those interested in sport 
will be invited to join, and the first good 
•of such an Association would be the for- 
mation of a greater Free Masonry among 
sportsmen. The annual subscription, how- 
ever, must obviously be reduced to the 
very smallest nominal sum, say $1.00, or it 
that is considered too much, even as low 
as 50 cents, so that the subscription could 
not possibly exclude anyone. 

"Many of those present have seen glar- 
ing instances of infractions of the Game 
Laws, and have either been too lazy 
to do anything in the way of reporting the 
same to the Department, or have had the 
natural disinclination that most people feel 
towards laying an information. If, howev- 
er, a corporate body existed, to the Secre- 
tary of whom a complaint might be made 
with absolute confidence that the name of 
the informant would not be disclosed, I 
venture to say, that in a very short time 
the headquarters of this Association would 
have a great deal of information which 
they could use through their Executive at 
the proper Government Department, bring- 
ing oftendcrs to justice, and very material- 
ly waking up the Inspector in whose Dis- 
trict such things occur. 

There has been much discussion from 
time to time as to the open and close sea- 
sons of fish and game, and no doubt a 
great' variety of opinions exist among 
sportsmen on these matters. The forma- 
tion of the Association will here be useful, 
as its headquarters will form a receiving 
ground for all those varied opinions which 
after being weighed by its Committee may 
be presented to the Department in such a 
way as to probaibly alter the present Game 
Laws to the material benefit of sport. 

"The greatest benefit in my opinion the 



Association can perform, I have left till 
the last. The bass fishing of Ontario may 
be roughly divided into two classes, first 
the large bodies of water, such as the 
Georgian Bay, French River and Lake Nip- 
issing, with a sparse resident population, 
and the more restricted waters, such as the 
Trent, the Kawartha Lake, the Bay of 
Quinte, the Grand River, etc., etc., with 
thickly settled population. 

"First, in reference to the larger bodies 
of water, some of you are probably not a- 
ware of an extract from an Order in Coun- 
cil passed the 30th day of May, 1904, 
which reads: 

" 'The sale and export of speckled 
trout, black bass and maskinonge, is here- 
by prohibited for a period of five years 
from the date of this Order in Council, 
provided, however, that any person from a 
foreign country, fishing in the waters of 
the Province, and applying and paying for 
an Angler's permit, may, upon leaving the 
Province, when the same are accompanied 
by him, take with him the lawful catch of 
two days' fishing.' 

"It is very plain, that if this law is car- 
ried out, no tug or other vessels can leave 
ports, on the Georgian Bay for instance, 
carrying black bass, speckled trout, or 
maskinonge, and therefore the incentive to 
the commercial fisherman taking these fish 
by nets or otherwise, is removed. 

"The Association, of course, can ma- 
terially help in bringing this about. There 
will likely be branches of the Association in 
Midland, Penetanguishene, etc., etc., and 
if the proper Government official at these 
ports has not the time to inspect the ves- 
sels going out, I fancy some of our mem- 
bers might give us information as to what 
is going on. 

"Another source of information of use 
to protect the exporting of these fish will 
be American sportsmen living in the towns 
to which our game (ish have been hereto- 
fore shipped. Many of these gentlemen, no 
doubt, fish in our waters, and I think, • by 
the Secretary of the Association getting 
in touch with Sporting Clubs in the Stales 
we can soon get information, as to wheth- 
er or no bass and speckled trout are com- 
ing into those points from Canada, and 
trace them from the other end as it were. 

"Now, as to the more restricted wat- 
ers of the Trent, etc., here we come to a 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



condition of things in which it is obvious- 
ly impossible, unless we have the sympa- 
thy of the residents, to accomplish very 
much. 

"We cannot expect the Government to 
have an Inspector watching along the wat- 
er front of every farm, neither can mem- 
bers of the Association do the same ; it 
conies down to gaining the interests of the 
residents. How shall we do this ? By, I 
believe, educating them. It would be a 
hard task indeed to get the average On- 
tario farmer to view the protection of the 
game fish from an altruistic sporting point 
of view, 'but if we can show him that his 
pocket is affected one way or the other, I 
think we can materially gain his interest 
and attention on this point. I will now 
bring forward certain interesting statistics 
bearing on the subject of the value of the 
game fish to the people living along the 
waters where such fish exist. 

"I have here information culled from 
the Game Commissioners' Reports of the 
State of Maine. 

"In the year 1867, there were practi- 
cally no sportsman visiting the State of 
Maine, and yet owing to the residents liv- 
ing on the inland waters destroying the 
game out of season, the Commissioners 
had to report as follows: 

" 'Our fresh 'water fisheries are, in gen- 
eral, economically valueless, or perhaps 
worse than valueless ; and this on account 
of netting, spearing, fishing at any and 
all times.' 

"From 1867 to 1871, attention was paid 
by the Government to the protection of 
the fish, and from that period forward, a 
gradual widespread interest grew up in 
the work of the Game Commissioners, and 
in the year 1903 the Commissioners ob- 
tained a census by canvassers going from 
house to house and hotel to hotel in the 
interior of the State, and from these re- 
ports it was found that no less than 133,- 
885 different people came into the inland 
territory of the State on some kind of va- 
cation, exclusive remember, of those who 
visited the seaside resorts. At $100 per 
head, which the Commissioners consider 
not an excessive average, this would mean 
over thirteen millions of dollars, earned 
outside of the State, brought to' it, and 
left there. 

"They found, in the State v.hat 1,401 



male help had been employed and 2,5 
female help at good wages in consequent 
of these visitors, who came simply to 'is 
and shoot, and there was paid out in wagt 
alone the large sum of $267,934. 

"Senator Fry, of whom you ;-.Il kuo\ 
has stated: 

'In all the times of business depre 
sions and distress, financial panics ai 
consequent unemployment of labor, so se 
iously effecting the country, the State 
Maine has suffered much less than a- 
other State in the American Union, •- 
ly, if not entirely, due to the large 
of money left here by the fisher . .u 
summer tourist, and the fall hunter, 
seeker after change, rest and recreat; 

"Now, gentlemen, I want at this 
to speak to those of you who hav 
doubtedly an objection to sportsmen 
the States coming into our country. ' 
of you who have this idea, I think 
formed it from the belief that these 
ing sportsmen were materially injurii 
fishing, etc. 

"If you consider the statistics 
mentioned, you will see how impc 
this is, for in Maine in the year 186 
mere residents along the fishing wate 
almost entirely destroyed the fisl 
game by fishing and shooting, etc., o 
season, although no visitors were c 
there at all, and yet in the year 191 
account of the fish and game being 
erly protected, there was good spc 
over one hundred and thirty thre 
sand people. The lesson here lea; 
that rod fishing or hunting does 
duce materially the game of the c 
btit what injures it, is the ordinary 
Laws not being carried out. 

"You, who have been to Trent,\ 
perfectly well that it is common ta' 
spearing and netting out of season 
dulged in by the people there, and tl, 
what has destroyed the fish, not pe. 
going and fishing in the season with a 

"How can the Association step in h 

"A pamphlet can be prepared par 
larly for the farmer, and these pamph 
could contain the statistics I have rea 
you, and many others which will cfe; 
show the farmer that his interests are" ! 
being served by observing the laws h 
self, and seeing that his sons do the sr 

"Illustrated lectures will also be 



ROD AND GLN IN CANADA 



the subject of the value of the preser- 

-tion of the game fish. 

"By such lectures and by the distribu- 

on of such literature I feel confident we 

n gain the interests of the farmer. If 

; do this, we have practically won the 

ttle, and the result will be in a few 

ars magnificent fishing restored along 

r beautiful Trent River, the Kawartha 

ikes, and all through the smaller streams 

d lakes of the Province. 

"I have hardly referred to game at all, 

than the game fish of the Province, 

ink the uses of the Association 

ppi.) equally to all game. 

believe with proper protection given 



the game and fish, this Province would be- 
come the Scotland of the North American 
continent, and that vast sums of money 
■would be left here by visiting sportsmen 
from the great country to the south, ho- 
tels would be scattered all over the Geor- 
gian Bay and the country generally, and 
ill classes of the community would benefit 
by the money left in the Province. 

"When the timber is once cut down it 
cannot be replaced for many years, if at 
all ; when the ore is taken from the ground 
it is gone for good; but with the fish and 
game of this Province properly protected, 
we have an unending important revenue." 



That Big Moose. 

By AVERY MOREHOL SK. Zealand. N. B. 







THAT BIG MOOSE 
Sliot by Avery Morehouse. 

^nly stuff animals, but also hunt 
/them, and nothing delights me 



more, or enables me to do my work with 
greater skill, than an opportunity of study- 
ing them in their native wilds. My wife 
IS almost as much interested in the inhab- 
itants of our woods and forests as myself, 
and we are both equally gratified when it 
is possible for us to go off together on one 
of my hunting trips. We managed to make 
arrangements for such an outing in Sep- 
tember last, and with tents, provisions, 
and general camp paraphernalia, we took 
the Canadian Pacific train at Zealand, N. 
B., and said good bye to civilization for 
a few days. 

A run of twenty-five miles brought us 
to the shores of Burt Lake. I put up the 
tent and arranged the beds, while my wife 
made an excellent supper. We enjoyed a 
pleasant walk, and saw many signs of deer. 
On our return we discussed plans for the 
morrow while listening to the mysterious 
sounds of the forest, and luxuriating en 
our beds of boughs. 

We were up and out early in the morn- 
ing, and after a hasty but substantial break 
fast' we made our way to Smith Lake. 
This beautiful sheet of water was only 
two miles from our Camp, but while we 
saw moose and deer tracks on every side 
none of them were recent enough to war- 
rant us in following them up. On our 
way back we shot some birds which we 
cooked for dinner, and in the afternoon 
made a secmd exploring trip. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



3" 



On a hardwood ridge, a short distance 
from Camp we saw traces of a bull moose 
so fresh that I thought he could not be 
far oS. I therefore gave a low call, and 
received a series of grunts for answer. Bid- 
ding my wife remain where she was and 
keep as still as a statue, I went down on 
all fours, and crept as near to him as I 
could. As soon as our eyes met I fired, 
but did not stop him. He dashed of!, mak- 
in* nothing of the obstructions in his way, 
and was speedily last to view. 

I felt sure he was done for, and ex- 
plained this to my wife. We followed hard 
upon him, and soon heard him coughing. 
This was a sure sign, and so I waited for 
ten minutes, crept up to him, and i;ave 
him a second shot. He made a few jumps 
and then went down. 

We were both delighted with our suc- 
cess, and my wife shared the honors of the 



day. The moose had a magnificent pair of 
antlers. I mounted the head, and am send- 
ing you a photo of the same. A cow moose 
accompanied the bull, and would not leave 
until after his death. On a careful exami- 
nation I found four bullet holes through 
his head, two through his muffle, and the 
base of each ear been perforated by a bul- 
let. 

The next day was entirely taken up with 
getting the meat out to the railway, and 
in the evening I landed home with my 
prize. 

New Brunswick is still a great game 
country. Sportsmen leaving Fredericton in 
the morning can be landed in a grand hunt- 
ing territory the same afternoon, and with 
our improved game laws and better en- 
forcment of them, the Province should re- 
main one of the best game preserves. 



How to Attract Sportsmen. 



Mr. W. H. Brown, of PittsJburg, writes 
to "Rod and Gun":— "The game laws of 
Canada have of recent date become so pro- 
hibitory as to cause my loss of interest in 
matters relative thereto." 

We are the creatures of extremes. In 
our desire to protect fish and game we are 
in danger of shutting out those who cause 
that fish and game to be the most produc- 
tive of revenue to the country, and to the 
settlers and guides who so much need the 
help thus given. The game laws of On- 
tario are not prohibitive; but they are not 
calculated to loring revenue to the country; 
those of Manitoba come very near to be- 
ing prohibitive. It is time our legislators 
took this matter into consideration and 
that they should look at it from a wider 
point of view than that from which they 
appear to have hitherto regarded it. Can- 
ada would be more benefitted by reason- 
able laws, rigidly enforced, than by a policy 
of making it diSicult for sportsmen to vis- 
it the country with benefit to themselves, 
and all concerned in Canadian settlement 
and exploration. 

If Ontario is to get a revenue of finir 



or five millions of dollars from its fish 
and game, and its summer attractions, On- 
tario must meet the sportsmen, for whom 
all Canada, and many of the States of fhe 
Union, are competing, with a little more 
liberality than it shows at present. We 
have repeatedly expressed the opinion, bas- 
ed upon a wide and long experience— and 
we repeat it with all the emphasis of 
which we are capable— that it is not the 
spcrtsman who destroys the fish and the 
game. All that he takes would not amount 
to nearly the natural increase. Those v/ho 
do this destructive work are the dynamit- 
ers, the commercial fishermeiv who use 
nets, the lumbermen who supply their 
camps with fish and moose meat and em- 
ploy Indians and other hunters for this 
purpose; and the "game butchers" who kill 
merely to sell the meat. In all these cases 
the Province receives little or no revenue, 
and moose meat obtained in this way costs 
the Province a dollar a pound in loss of 
revenue. One mistake for instance into 
which the Ontario Government has fallen 
is in fixing the open season so late. Take 
the territory north of the main line of the 
Canadian Pacific, Railway, and the new 



312 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Grand Trunk Pacific. Tlie season is so late 
in that terrilory that people are in con- 
tinual danger of being frozen in if they 
go hunting there in the open season. This 
is a great provocation to illegal shooting. 
The season should open on Oct. 1st north 
of the main line and Oct. 15th south of 
the main line, and there should he one 
month's open season in both districts. 
"Rod and Gun" has received a great 
many letters on this subject, and there 
appears to be a general concensus of op- 
inion on the part of those interested in 
favor of an earlier and extended season. 
Ontario would gain considerably by these 



concessions. Many more sportsmen, par- 
ticularly of that class who leave a good 
deal of money in their wake, would visit 
the Province, and all classes — the local 
settlers and guides, the local merchants, 
and the transport companies — would gain. 
These people take extended trips, and want 
to at least see big game, to obtain photo- 
graphs of animals as well as scenery; they 
are not filled with the all consuming de- 
sire to shoot. It would do the Province 
good to obtain such people, and to do this 
it is necessary to modify conditions in 
their favour. 



The Sparrow and Crow Nuisance. 

Spring Shooting. 

By J. MINER. K.1NG.S\1LLE. ONT. 



A good deal has been both said and 
written about Spring shooting, and in dif- 
ferent parts of the country this has to 
take diflerent forms. The best shooting I 
can get is at crows and sparrows. I have 
fine sport every Spring and enjoy it, and 
my plan is so easy that most people can 
join in it — in fact it is just as easy as 
missing a deer. 

Just as soon as the sun is hot enough 
to give you the Spring fever take half a 
bushel of wheat, or some other suitable 
feed for the sparrows, and selecting a good 
place about a rod square, scatter it well 
over the surface. If chickens or pigeons are 
apt to get at it build a small pen a foot 
high and cover with wire netting, 2 inch 
mesh, and throw feed in there. Build your 
blind and go away. A small pile of brusb 
in the back ground is a great help in at- 
tracting the sparrows, and when once they 
find the feed they will come from all parts 
to join in the feast. As soon as you think 
the numbers are sufficient get into your 
blind, and you can have lively sport. You 
may repeat this two or three times a 
week. I have often shot sparrows from a 



trap, but as they do not stand confine- 
ment this is rather tame sport. My meth- 
od however gives good sport, and thins 
out the sparrow fraternity just as they are 
becoming active for mischief. 

This should be done quite early in the 
.Spring, because as soon as the farmers 
start seeding there is feed to be obtained 
everywhere ; and just as the sparrows have 
escaped all their natural enemies during 
the long winter and are about to build 
their nests, is the time to start .the war 
of extermination. 

In the same way I manage to have good 
crow shooting every Spring utilizing dif- 
ferent bait, anW using a rille. It is neces- 
sary with crows to have the blind a con- 
siderable distance away— about one hun- 
dred yards— as they will easily detect your 
presence if you are too near. 

One can have good sport with a .22 sin- 
gle on sparrows 'by feeding and putting up 
pieces of brush. These should be so placed 
that stray shot will go against a brick or 
stone wall, and a few boards should be 
used to prevent violent rebounds. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

The Artificial Breeding of Fish. 



313 



By EDWARD CONNER. 



The artificial breeding of fish is not 
more than 150 years old, though the idea 
is older, as the necessity for propagating 
the culture of fish was self-evident. It was 
i, common complaint that the fry 
of fish was subjected to numerous 
causes of destruction, and it w^as 
reserved for Lund, the Swede, to 
discover a practical remedy. That led 
to the artificial fecundation of the spawn, 
and in due course to the foundation of 
scientific and industrial establishments for 
perfecting the mode of breeding, so that 
rivers, etc., could be restocked and new 
Varieties of fish therein introduced. As is 
well known fish are very migratory and ex- 
ecute journeys more or less long. Very few 
species rest permanently attached to one 
place. It is at the period of reproduction 
that they roam about most. Then they 
migrate to seek a suitable spot where the 
water presents all the advantages necessa- 
ry with respect to temperature, condition 
and character of the bottom, etc. That 
sought for spot must afford equally suffici- 
ent resources of alimentation for the fry, 
so that they can be placed later in an en- 
vironment as favourable as possible for 
their development. 

Migratory fish may be divided into two 
classes namely, those which live by turn in 
fresh and in sea water, and those that live 
exclusively in fresh water. The common 
salmon for instance is one of those fish 
that at certain seasons quit the sea and 
ascend a fresh water river to spawn. It 
inhabits the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans 
and the Northern Seas. It ascends the riv- 
ers in autumn from October to December, 
and returns again in spring to the sea, in 
which case the male precedes the female 
fish. It can only- produce in fresh water, 
as the presence of salt in the sea water 
kills the spermatozoids of the milt and so 
prevents the fecundation of the eggs. But 
the salmon can live exclusively in salt wat>- 
er, although it cannot breed therein. It can 
equally live in fresh water and reproduce, 
but it will grown very slowly and the qual- 
ity of its flesh will be very inferior to the 
fish that has visited the sea. Judge of the 
influence of the sea water on the fry. The 



latter descend the river for the sea during 
the spring of their second year. They as- 
cend the river in the course of three mon- 
ths later. They werei six to seven inches 
long when they set out ; they are nearly 
three times as long when they return from 
the sea, and weigh from two to four lbs. 
The habits of the salmon trout and of the 
whiting are the same as those of the sal- 
mon, only the whiting does not ascend the 
river to any great distance. The shad and 
sturgeon are also migratory, fishes ascend- 
ing the rivers to spawn. 

If we are indebted to Sweden for rear- 
ing the fry in artificial cases, we are also 
indebted to Westphalia: for the artificial 
fecundation of the eggs of salmon, and to 
two fishermen of the Vosges in France, 
Remy and Gehon for uniting both the dis- 
coveries and producing several varieties of 
fish. Coste popularized the idea and made 
it a practical, working, matter-of-fact bu- 
siness by establishing at Humingue an in- 
stitution for the "culture" of fish. The 
principle consisted in taking the female 
fish when on the point of laying, pressing 
lightly the abdomen so as to exude the 
eggs and sprinkling over them the milt or 
seed of the male. There are fish that de- 
posit their eggs freely, such as the sal- 
mon, while others such as the carp, that 
cause them to adhere to something aqua- 
tic for the sake of protection. When females 
deposit their eggs freely and display a ten- 
dency to exhibit them at the aperture of 
the abdomen, they are made, as it were, 
to deposit them in a shallow vase with a 
supply of very clean water, not deep, but 
from 4 to 8 degrees C. of temperature. The 
"laying" is effected, as already remarked, 
by pressing the abdomen of the fish light- 
ly with the wetted right hand, when the 
eggs will fall to the bottom of the vase. 
Proceed in the same manner with the male 
fish ; pour over the. eggs some drops of 
seed from the milt, shake to insure impreg- 
nation, wait a few minutes, then wash all 
with fresh water. Let these operations be 
rapidly executed, as the spermatozoids do 
not conserve their property of fecundation 
beyond a very limited time after their con- 
tact with the water. This is the method 



314 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



adopted by the Russian Wrassky, who thus 
succeeds in obtaining the greatest number 
of fecundated eggs. The vase into which the 
eggs fall has only one inch of water. 
When the eggs have been sprinkled for a 
period of fifteen minutes with the liq|Uld of 
the milt all is well washed, and then pla- 
ced in the apparatuses, of circulation. 

Lasbaletner, referring to the class of ad- 
herent fish eggs, says that the milt ought 
to be squeezed over them as early as pos- 
sible at the fecundation moment. This is 
due to the physiological fact that after im- 
pregna,tion the eggs very soon cover them- 
selves with a sort of mucilagenous like se- 
cretion that, in enveloping them, becomes 
hard and so prevents the milt from im- 
pregnating the egg. To secure fecundation 
very small bundles of aquatic plants are 
made, having a broad surface; some bun- 
dles are placed at the bottom of a vase, 
covered over with a few inches of water of 
a temperature of 18 to 22 degrees C. Seize 
a male fish, press some of the milky fluid 
from its milt into the bundles, then eject 
the eggs from the female, and add a few 
more drops of the fluid of the milt. Im- 
pregnated, place the eggs in the best posi- 
tion for the development of the embryon. 
As a rule, employ only water, which must 
be as pure and aerated as .possible. For 
this purpose various apparatuses have been 
invented. The principal are those by Coste, 
consisting of a flight of stairs arrange- 
ment, where a series of troughs are super- 
posed one over the other, so as to empty 
the excess of water when too full on the 
trough underneath. Each trough is pro- 
vided with a glass rod in the water ; on 
these the eggs are placed. 

The best breeding apparatus according 
to many persons is that invented 'by Ches- 
ter in 1878. It is a vase 18 inches in dia- 
meter an5 22 in height ; the water enters 
from below, in order to provide an upward 
and continuous current. Each vase can re- 
ceive 150,000 to 200,000 eggs. Notwith- 
standing the intensive fishing on the coast 
of Norway, with the object of diminishing 
the supply, the sea is being refilled with 
fish, thanks to pisciculture. At Flotsiken 
there is an establishment fori the artificial 
fecundation of the eggs of the cod. The 
eggs are placed in jeservoirs and given en- 
tire freedom; when fecunded they are con- 



veyed to collectors and thence in due 
course to the receiving apparatus. Two 
hundred millions of fry are at times set 
free into the sea. 

One of the chief objects of fish breeding 
is to introduce varieties of fish into riv- 
ers where they are unknown. Thus it is 
that salmon has been introduced into Cal- 
ifornia and trout from Loch Leven in Scot- 
land into Natal, in South Africa. The 
common tench of Scotland flourishes in ihe 
waters of the high tableland of the Nilgji- 
iries, 8,700 feet of elevation, while the 
Sandwich Islands, New Zealand and Tas- 
mania have also salmon in their waters. 

The breeding of marine fish in the Unit- 
ed States has been so successful that it 
has now become a profitable industrj'. At 
the Battle Creek station in California 27,- 
000.000 eggs of salmon and trout are 
hatched. Thus Seth Green has been able 
to pour enormous quantities of shad into 
the Merrimac river, and so into the sea. 
Stilwell Atkins, Bell, Wright and Ferguson 
are honoured names in the artificial breed- 
ing of fish. The shad has not only entered 
the Atlantic, but has been reared to thrive 
in the Pacific. The cod has for the first 
time been treated in pisiculture in 1878 by 
Milner and others. Two species of cod are 
"cultivated" in the United States. The 
plan adopted is to collect the eggs— which 
are small and floating— into a recipient 
containing very little water, and there fe- 
cund them. It is essential that the water 
should be renewed frequently. 

The zoological laboratories of Boulogne 
Sur-Mer, La Hongue, Roscoff, Concarnedu, 
Fecamp, Les Sables d' Olonne, Banyuls, 
Marseilles, and Tamaris in France are all 
employed for the purposes of technical re- 
searches relating to fish. The object being 
to study the' industrial side of the fish cul- 
ture question. Technical opinion lavours 
maritime fishery schools, where a child 
destined to become a fisherman can learn 
a great many useful subjects. The idea of 
the fishery school is quite new to France, 
a fact which is surprising, as fishing is a 
calling that realizes $24,000,000 a year, 
employs 90,000 men, and 20.000 boats. The 
first real fishery school in France was es- 
tablished in 1895, in the Isle of Groix, In 
the department of the Orient, and the head 
centre of the fishing industry. The said 
school which opened with fifty-two pupils. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



315 



not the less leil to the formation of (ulier 
similar schools at Dieppe and the Sables 
d'Olonne. The Dieppe school ranks as the 
model professional school of fishery in 
France, The technical teaching comprises 



the construction and use of fishing appara- 
tuses, the curing and preserving of fish, 
the making and repairing of nets, and the 
catching of onlv marketable fish. 



Fishing and Shooting. 



An exploring party sent out recently by 
the Canadian Camp Club found in Otter 
Township to the west of the Mississaga 
River a trout lake in which they had the 
fishing experience of their lives. There are 
numerous other lakes and streams in the 
neighbourhood, in manv of which fish a- 




bound, but this lake surpasses all records 
and repaid the explorers for much hard 
work. They succeeded in obtaining some 




most interesting photographs, and we give 
three illustrations of deer, the size of the 
animal being commensurate with its near- 
ness at the time the snapshots were made. 
He was not easilv alarmed and could have 




been shot several times, but it was out of 
season and his buckship was in perfect 

safety. 



At the Dawning. 

There's quiet on the land 
And the water's dark with night 
But there's grayness round the tree- 
tops 
While the stars are showing white 

And now the stars grow dimmer. 
And the cedars start to show 
A sleepy robin chirrups 
And there's melody a-glow. 

Then the East begins to redden 
And the cloudlets move away. 
While the glory comes urfbidden 
Bringing in another day. 

ARTHUR L. PHELPS. 



3'6 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



After Fish in Tcma^ami. 

By (JEORG1-: P. BESWICK. Toronto Canoe Club. 



This is, a tale of an eight days' canoe 
trip to Temagami, the northern Ontario 
paradise. Temagami is truly a sports- 
man's Garden of Eden. Hunt with a .38 
cal. rifle, a 12 bore shot gun, shoot with 
a rectilinear lens, or a focal plane shutter; 
or pursue scaled game with a book of flies 
and a lancewood rod— in fact do what you 
■will up there, it makes not one atom of 
difference, you are sure to get your fill of 
sport. 

In Temagami you can shy rocks at 
moose, pull out fish as fast as you can 
toss a line or untangle a spoon; the' chip- 
munks will shoot the chutes on your tents, 
and the great northern hare is likely to 
invite himself to dine off your table. 

There are flies in Temagami certainly, 
and they know how to bite, but they are 
no worse than in any other of the north- 
ern districts. It is true that they are not 
union flies, for they work twenty four 
hours a day ; but what's the odds when 
the sport is fast and furious, and things 
new- and strange and beautiful appear at 
every turn and bend ! 

To become a little more personal in 
this narrative I may mention that there 
were two of us— myself, George P. Bes- 
wick, and G. R. Synies, 'both of Toronto. 
This was my friend's first canoe trip, and 
it was not witlrout its humorous experien- 
ces. Dick g,ained the experience, and I held 
up the humorous end of the combination. 
I laughed then— Dick does his laughing 
now, 350 miles away. 

This was likewise my first trip into 
Temagami, but I had made half a dozen 
trips in a canoeJ through the picturesque 
Kawartha Lakes district. 

We arrived at Temagami early in the 
afternoon of Saturday, July 1st. From 
that point to Bear Island we were trans- 
ferred by the Temagami Navigation Co.'s 
steamer, which also conveyed our canoe 
and our dunnage. Upon Bear Island, 
which is 17 miles down the lake, there is 
a Hudson's Bay Post, and a settlement of 
Indians. These work round the Post, and 
act as guides to sporting and tourist par- 
ties. Thev form a curious collection of 



humanity, but the men are intelligent, and 
first class campers and guides. 

The "Bobs'- arrived at Bear Island 
early in the evening, and Fire Ranger Wil- 
kie Evans, a Toronto University boy, gave 
us a real welcome. A dozen or more ot 
his rangers were at the Post at the time, 
and he kindly arranged an Indian dance for 
our entertainment. That dance will live 
long in my memory. It took place in the 
Fire Ranger's cabin, where to my surprise 
we found a hall 30x30, with a floor that 
would not shame a city club house. It was 
of hardwood, waxed to perfection, and re- 
flected the gleams of a score of lanterns 
hung to the rafters. About a dozen of the 
guests w ere mothers of papooses, and a 
few minutes after the festivities commenc- 
ed the squaws soothed their swarthy off- 
spring to slumber and hung them by the 
thongs of their back boards, to nails on 
the walls, making the wall decorations 
absol^ltely unique. Though the fun was 
fast and furious, and the uproar prodigious 
at times, not a papoose so much as 
blinked. They hung there like a row of 
mummies. 

The dancers included the fire rangers, 
some half breeds, and about a dozen young 
bucks and squaws. The fiddler was a nov- 
elty. This performer was White Bear, the 
chief of the settlement, who strode in 
without a word, backed \ a bench to the 
wall, and thrusting his fiddle Jwtt into his 
short ribs, sawed away with more vigor 
than finesse. He only knew two tunes, 
and to those two, feet in moccassins, in 
shoe packs, and Dick and I wearing rub- 
ber soled shoes, shuffled and danced all 
the evening. The dances lacked variety. We 
danced a sort of square dance, reminiscent 
of the lancers until we were tired. 

My denseness got me into trouble. I 
had for a partner a thick set little squaw 
who danced indolently. I seized her around 
the waist, and tried to improve matters. 
We had not danced long however before I 
heard her grumbling in Indian. I paid no 
attention for a time, but finally asked a 
Fire Ranger to interpret for me. "She 
says dance away," he replied. I took it 
for an invitation to dance faster, and seiz- 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



317 



ing her tighter accelerated the pace. Still 
she grumbled, and the more she grumbled 
the faster I danced. At length one of the 
Fire Rangers, when I was about exhaust- 
ed, explained that she meant for me to 
hold her more loosely. I soon complied, 
and we progressed more favoura'bly. 

We slept on the "Bobs." In the morning 
we got down to work in earnest. Dick 
commenced by garnering some canoe ex- 
perience. His first lesson taught him for 
keeps, the futility of standing up in a ca- 
noe. We were loading up at the dock. All 
our dunnage was in the body of the canoe. 
Dick was to paddle forward and I was 
kneeling in- the stern. He stood up, and of 
course the canoe bucked. She slipped und- 
er the dock, and Dick, grasping it for a 
life preserver sat down on the gunwale. 
She half .filled, but I threw my weight on 
the other gunwale, and she righted herself. 
This delayed us half an hour, as we had 
to unload to get the water out. 

We paddled twenty miles up the lake 
that day, and every yard we went was 
through one of Nature's beauty spots. We 
threaded our way in and out between big 
and little islands. Some were merely ledg- 
es of rocks, while others had quite a re- 
spectable area, and rose sheer from the 
water thirty or forty feet. Again some of 
the islets were quite bare, while on others 
trees sprang from almost every crevice of 
the rocks. 

Our first camp was made on Sharp 
Rock portage. We arrived early in the af- 
ternoon, and took an hour's fishing, but as 
a thunderstorm threatened we did not even 
get a bite. We set up our tents and made 
our supper. 

On Monday morning we were up with 
the birds, and toted our canoe and dun- 
nage over the quarter mile portage in 
two trips. We paddled through Diamond 
Lake, a superb little sheet of water, a- 
bout seven miles long and three broad. 
The silence of Diamond Lake exercised a 
peculiar influence over us. Not a sound 
broke the stillness of the wilderness, and 
involuntarily Dick and I spoke in whisp- 
ers. To shout, or even speak aloud, at 
that time would have seemed like sacri- 
lege. For two hours we paddled almost in 
dead silence. It was a blazing hot day, 
and the sweat rolled off us as we silently 
plied our blades. 



At noon we made the portage on Lady 
Evelyn Falls at the head of Diamond Lake. 
The Falls lead out of the Lake. The 
first Fall is one about six feet 
followed by two hundred yards of a 
swift smooth stream. Suddenly th-. liver 
gathers into a narrow gorge and iiluuging 
between two cliffs, forty feet high, drops 
over a second fall. Of course we had to 
portage round these falls, and dined on tjie 
portage. It was only a quarter of a mile 
carry, and then we were on the river. 

We fished for dinner and had a lively 
time. The pickerel were voracious, and al- 
most as soon as we dropped the flies they 
snapped them up. Fully a score of from 
two to four pounders of pickerel did we 
land, before we hooked a bass, but as soon 
as we found bass we tossed the pickerel 
back. In ten minutes we had enough bass 
■for dinner. 

Below the Falls the water was siug- 
gish. We paddled for an hour and then 
pitched the tent on a flat rock. Our beds 
were made of moss, and were as soft as 
feather pillows. As we were tired we 
slept soundly and I did not awaken until 
a loud clap of thunder reverberated 
through the rocks. I poked m.v head out 
and was rewarded with a swish of rain in 
the face. I routed Dick out and we made 
a reconnaisance in force in the uniform of 
the night cavalry in order to put the fly 
on the tent. The rain, and the mosiqultoes, 
got the range early, and it was a pair of 
damp, and well bitten young men who 
clambered back into bed. We kept out the 
rain, but the mosquitoes threw out skirm- 
ishers and snipers who kept us busy until 
morning. 

Damp wood delayed the breakfast hour 
until nine o'clock. The next three hours 
we spent on Lady Evelyn Lake, one of the 
gems of the Temagami district. It is dot- 
ted with islands every one of which af- 
fords superb cam,pang spots. Coming up 
the lake the Lady Evelyn Islands resem- 
ble in a remarkable degree a fleet of gun 
boats at anchor in line. We made the ten 
miles across the lake by noon and started 
down the river to Willow Lake. 

We had scarcely entered the river' ; when 
we encountered moose. Around the first 
bend we saw a bull, who leisurely looked 
us over — only a gun shot away — and then 
took to the woods. Half a mile further on 



3i8 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



we met two more, both bulls. They were 
deep in the water, feeding on lily pads. We 
paddled to within two hundred yards of 
the pair, when the.y likewise took to the 
woods in the most leisurely fashion. 

Early in the afternoon we had another 
portage— around Willow Lake Falls. This 
portage was a teaser. It was only 200 
yards across, but it was worse than many 
ten times the length. We had to cross a 
perfectly smooth table rock, and having 
wet mocassins, that journey was one to be 
long remembered. Only when we managed 
to step into crevices could we maintain 
our perpendicular, and the numiber of falls 
we had was beyond belief. After getting a- 
cross we pitched camp and fished for sup- 
per. 

This fishing was great. Both bass and 
pickerel were thick, and they took every- 
thing we shoved out to them, though they 
showed a predilection for the Devon min- 
now. We hauled out over a score of pick- 
erel in a quarter of an hour, and threw 
them back again. It was bass we were 
after and we got 'em too, three or four 
beauties for supper, and we could have fed 
all the guests in the King Edward Hotel 
in an hour's fishing. 

At four o'clock we encountered a lake 
storm. The thunder clouds burst, and the 
wind came down the gully as though 
through a chute. For half an hour Dick 
and I were kept busy anchoring down the 
tent. I sat on the edge, and Dick clung 
to the ridge pole, he being possessed of 
the necessary length . of body to hold it 
straight. That pesky rain forced us to a 
cold repast of pork and beans, and every- 
thing was so wet we could not get a fire 
started. 

Again next morning the weather delay- 
ed us, and we did not break camp until 
ter o'clock. Then, in the teeth of a stiff 
sou'-wester, which made a choppy sea, we 
started for the trout stream. It was a 
five-mile jaunt, and gave us hard work. On 
the journey we saw three moose. One was 
^ big bull, which allowed us to come with- 
in two canoe lengths of him, and we suc- 
ceeded in cutting him off from the shore. As 
soon as he saw what we had done he came 
straight at .us, and we had to backwater 
to get out of his way. As it was he cross- 
ed our 'bow.'! and climbing the bank disap- 
peared into the woods. We reached the 



trout stream at noon, but had no luck. 
The trout in view of the heat and a threat- 
ening thunder storm .preferred shelter to 
even our most seductive flies. We whiled 
away the afternoon fishing but nary a 
trout did we hook. 

In the early evening we paddled down 
to a rocky island, and there amidst the 
most wild and picturesque surroundings we 
camped lor the night. In some places the 
rocky banks rose 70 or 80 feet above the 
stream, and in others went down to the 
water's edge. We heard that to reach the 
best trout fishing about ten stiff portages 
have to be negotiated. Once these difficul- 
ties are surmounted you can have trout 
galore. We did not try it. but we are liv- 
ing in hopes of doing so some day. 

With a stiff head wind we started on 
Thursday morning for Sucker Gut, intend- 
ing to portage to Diamond Lake. As one 
has not been cut we failed to find it. Not 
to waste further time we turned bp.ck at 
noon, and made Willow Lake Falls, a dis- 
tance of nine miles, by four o'clock. When 
on Sucker Gut we passed a cow moose 
and her calf. At Willow Lake Falls we 
camped and had another : black bass supper. 
These bass we found to be as gamey as 
trout, and they gave us several hard bat- 
tles. 

.\t this camp our friends tlie chip ni :"ilis 
grew over. bold. They used our fryinig pan 
for a dinner table, and did a shoot-the- 
chute stunt down the tent sides. Dick 
and I made it interesting for them in their 
chutes act by batting them from inside the 
canvas with paddles. Aft«r we had thus 
knocked several of them on to the moss 
they desisted, but still continued to play 
tricks with our things. 

Early next day, after passing three 
more moose, we arrived at Lady Evelyn 
Falls, and crossed Diamond Lake in a 
down poor of rain 'which was still falling 
when we made Sharp Rock. On the port- 
age we met a party of 'four who were 
bound for the trout country. 

In the afternoon we were again on Lake 
Temagami and reached Bear Island be- 
tween eight and nine o'clock tired and 
hungry as wolves. We had paddled forty 
miles in fourteen and a half hours, and 
made two hard portages, all on one meal. 
It would be a shame to tell what we did 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



319 



to the supper the officers of the Temagami 
Navigariion Co.'s steamer "Bobs" pixiiar- 
ed for us. Hunger and hard work in the 
open air are great sauces. Under like cir- 
cumstances that meal would have tempted 



the Kaiser. 

On reaching Toronto, and separating, 
we airived at the joint conclusion that 
given half a chance Temagami will see us 
again. 



The Open Season in Ontario. 

Hunting With Dogs and a Change of Date Advocated. 



Mr.W.A. Goodwin, Lindsay. Ont..has sup- 
plemented the petition recently signed by 
many of the residents of the county of 
Victoria, Ont., in favor of hunting deer 
with dogs, by a letter to the Chief Game 
Warden, and though our readers may not 
agree with all his statements and conclu- 
sions the views expressed are at least in- 
teresting, and coming from a man of ex- 
perience are well worth consideration by 
those in authority. It is by such state- 
ments from various sources, and the dis- 
cussions to which they give rise, that we 
may hope to arrive at some satisfactory 
decision which shall result in legislation 
that may preserve the big game of Canada 
for the good of future generations. Sub- 
joined we give the full text of the letter 
which we believe will be perused with in- 
terest by all readers of "Rod and Gun":— 

"To the Chief Game Warden of Ontario. 

""'Dear Sir.— I with many other old resi- 
dents and hunters of the county of Victor- 
ia recently signed a petition to our Gov- 
ernment in regard to the use of dogs in 
deer hunting and the open season for deer. 

"A few additional remarks bearing on 
the preservation of game may not 'be amiss 
at the present time. 

"In the first place I would ask the ques- 
tion: What is the highest aim or objective 
point to be attained by hunting deer ? Is 
it not in the majority of cases, now-a- 
days, the enjoyment of a well merited hol- 
iday, a week or two devoted to 
the enjoyment of Nature, and of 
the natural remedies of fresh air ; 
change of occupation, and the hope of re- 
newed health and strength to be found in 
a well ordered hunting trip into the heart 
of the forest ? 

"If this be so, I contend that the open 



season for deer should be so fixed as to 
harmonize with the other requirements of 
a happy and successful outing. 

'"Many years ago these annual holiday 
hunting trips were a grand factor in the 
hopes and aspirations of the Canadian 
youth, and have undoubtedly improved the 
nerve and self reliance of many well-grown 
Canadians of today. 

"Before the advent of subsidised rail- 
ways and their exhorbitant charges these 
hunting parties invariably used canoes for 
travelling to see the beauties of the for- 
ests and streams of our beautiful country. 

"Now perhaps it is more a question of 
money and time, of facilities to get into 
camp, of ability to kill deer, to "save the 
meat," and recoup the hunter for "the ex- 
pense" incurred, than of health and 
strength, or taste of venison and fresh 
caught fish. 

"However from years of experience in 
this direction I affirm that in the lake 
districts of Ontario, such as is common in 
the northern portions of the counties of 
Victoria and Peterboro, the use of dogs in 
deer hunting, in the early season, before 
the formation of ice takes place in the 
smaller lakes, is decidedly unobjectionable, 
as well as less destructive to deer than in 
the late open season without the dogs, and 
for the following reasons:— 

"It is well known to all observant hun- 
ters that in what is called the warm sea- 
son—when '-'canoeing is a pleasure and the 
lake trout begin to bite," say from the 
20th of September to the 15th of October, 
the deer are in their finest condition, and 
if shot in the water before this date they 
are liable to sink and become lost to the 
hunter; if killed after that date they ar' 
said to be "strong" and unsavory, and tl 



.•;2o 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



only reasons why the open season should 
not be fixed 'between these dates is the 
lame one of convenience to the plow-man- 
hunter, who cannot get time to save his 
venison in the warm season ; or of the pot 
hunter who can make more money ship- 
ping venison by the assistance of Jack 
Frost in cold and bleak November. 

"It is admitted on all sides in the lake 
districts that the use of dogs in the warm- 
er season is not as destructive to deer as 
is generally supposed to be the case. The 
lakes are so numerous that the escape of 
the majority of deer run by dogs is as- 
sured, and the success of the hunter de- 
pends chiefly on his judgment and skill in 
the use of the paddle as well as his rifle: 
whereas in the late or cold season it is well 
known that the deer avoid the icy water 
of the larger lakes as long as possible, and 
are thus easily killed on the runways, 
hung up in the woods, and shipped home 
or to market, when convenient. 

"Seventeen deer hides and the hind 
quarters of several deer hanging in the 
barn of a "settler-hunter" a day previous 
to the opening of our present late sea- 
son, convinces one of the possibilities ol 
the money value that a late November open 
season affords, when "the meat" may be 
saved, and the pot hunter made happy. 

"It is also well known in lumbering 
districts that the "shanty hunter" is re- 
sponsible for the "wiping out" of a vast 
number of beautiful deer. He is generally 
employed by the "Shanty-boss" to kill 
deer during the Fall and early winter to 
help to supply meat for the men, who in 
nine cases out of ten prefer home raised 
pork or beef to all the deer in the coun- 
trj-. 

"I have known such hunters to claim 
they had "earned forty dollars per month 
with board" for such slaughter. 

"Taking the 'Providential' view of the 
case into consideration one may suppose it 



to be the intention of Providence, in tjie 
fall of the year, to permit the use of dogs 
in deer hunting, as it is then that the 
luring scent of the tell-tale deer's feet is 
the strongest, and the hounds' sense uf 
smell is then the keenest. 

"In conclusion. I request your due con- 
sideration of the following reasons or sug- 
gestions for a change in the game Uws, 
feeling convinced that without such chan- 
ges the present laws will continue to de- 
feat the end in view, viz.. the preservation 
of the noblest denizens of the woods — the 
deer family. 

".4s the preservation of game, and the 
restraint of evil-doers should be the i'lain 
object in the establishment of game laws 
in Ontario, I contend for:— 

"First— That the sale of venison and 
the traffic in deer hides should cease, or 
otherwise be made illegal for a term of 
years. 

"Second— That the "permit" or license 
fee for hunting be abolished instead of 
which la Government tax for each deer 
killed or taken shall be for Canadians one 
dollar, and for others ten dollars. 

"Third— That only one deer for each 
hunter, or member of a hunting party 
shall be so taken, except for each extra 
deer taken a Government collection of five 
dollars per deer shall be made legal. Pos- 
session by settlers, lumbermen, hunters, 
residents or non-residents, shall be suffici- 
ent evidence for the collection of the extra 
tax. which in all cases must be paid sub- 
ject to imprisonment for neglect of duty. 

"Fourth— That in order to limit the de- 
struction of deer by pot hunters and oth- 
ers, the close season be on and after the 
loth day of October until the 15th day of 
the following September. 

"Yours most respectfully, 

"WM. .v. GOODWIN." 

Lindsay, Ont. 



Game Protection in Al^oma. 



S' 

^f The article which appeared in last 
g.-ionth's "Rod and Gun" on this subject 
.jpV Mr. A. Calbeck, of Sault St*. Marie, 



has evidently aroused much interest a- 
mongst our readers, and several commun- 
ications have reached us on the subject. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



521 



Amongst our correspondents who feel very 
strongly on this matter, is Mr. H. A. 
Preston, of Niagara Falls, Ont., who cor- 
roborates much of what Mr. Calbeck has 
written, stating that what Mr. Calbeck 
said of the state of things at Sault Ste. 
ATarie applies with equal force to Niagara 
Falls. Mr. Preston is very indignant with 
the breaking (as he alleges) tjf the f:ame 
laws by American citizens, and asserts 
that it is not the natives but the visitors 
who are at fault. la cases of Canadians 
giving information of such infringements of 
the laws they are "thrown dovvn" instead 
of credit being given to them for llieir en- 
deavours to enforce the laws. Mr. Preston 
further states that Americans obtain resi- 
dential licenses when they are non-resident 
by giving names of friends, etc, a; d he 
advocates a large increase in < the non-ri^si- 
dential license. What would be even more 
eflective however in his opinion \\' uld be 
to stop the exportation of deer and big 
game altogether. This would bi; a drastic 
but judging from experience elsewhere, a 
most effective remedy. Mr. Preston says 
that in the open season every train fon- 
tains a large cargo of deer jonsii^ned to 
the States, and all of them lug uuiuiais. 
It is hard to resist the conclusion that 
these are shot for commercial r iirpcscs, 
that such hunters shoot everything they 
can, and do not trouble to take out the 
smaller game, leaving the meat in the 
woods. He likewise asserts that a ^;o d 
deal of big game is smuggled over the bor- 
der. The States do not permit Canadians 



to go and hunt in their territory and e.x- 
port the meat, and he argues for some- 
thing like reciprocity. He evidently has a 
bitter feeling about the irritating regula- 
tions and their methods of enforcement on 
the part of States' officials with regard to 
those visiting the States from Canada, 
and makes some biting reflections on the 
subject. He urges that the Government of 
Ontario might well devote time and at- 
tention to these matters, ind lluis car'i 
the gratitude of the electorate who have 
so recently placed them in power. Those 
who made them can unmake them, and they 
had better attend to these matters while 
there is yet time. While we do not agree 
with Mr. Preston in all his conclusions, we 
welcome the evidence of the awakening of 
public opinion on such an important mat^ 
ter, and 'believe that with full and free 
discussion it may be possible to agree on 
such measures as will enable the authori- 
ties of the province I to best preserve rne 
of the greatest of our national assets— the 
big game of Canada. This is a matter in 
which we are all interested irrespective .of 
politics, and we would welcome i>ieii'>u)cs 
from any quarter which had a tendency to 
increase the big game and maintain the 
name of the Province for the best of sport- 
ing facilities. It may interest Mr. Pres- 
ton and other readers to know that the 
United States enforces effective protection 
in Alaska by prohibiting the exportation 
of big game, including even hides and 
heads, except under special permit. 



The seals of Newfoundland are not fur 
bearing, but are killed in large numbers 
for their skins and fat. The skins are used 
to make patent leather and "kid" gloves; 
the fat makes delicious soup. 



A cougar, seven feet long and built in 
proportion, has been shot iin British Co- 
lumbia by two professional hunters named 
A. L. Cody and E. L. Brown. Although 
both men fired at the animal, and both 
shots took effect, the cougar made a last 
ispring towards them ere rolling over dead. 



According to Toronto reports some of 
the surveying parties on the Timiskaming 
and Northern Ontario Railway have had 
anything but an easy time of it in their 
work. Forest fires in the neighborhood of 
the west end of Lake Abtiitibi have 
wrought much damage, burning one party 
out twice, destroying their provisions and 
clothes, and all their moveables, except the 
Canoes and paddles, leaving them in a bad 
plight. Under the necessity of hunger they 
broke the game laws, and probably even if 
a Warden had seen • them tie would have 
thought their action justified in this par- 
ticular instance. 



322 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



Game Protection in Ontario. 



We welcome such communications as the 
following from Mr. Wm. Hendrie, Jr., of 
Hamilton, which appears to us to show 
that the efforts of "Rod and Gun" in fav- 
or of a strict enforcement of the game 
laws are meeting with wide spread sup- 
port. Mr. Hendrie is a gentleman who 
practices what he preaches, and if his ex- 
ample is generally followed the victory 
will have been won, and the efficient pro- 
tection of the game of Ontario will 'become 
an accomplished fact. The Ontario Asso- 
ciation should prove a great 'factor in fu- 
ture efforts of this character. Mr. Hendrie 
writes:— 

"I am much interested in the success 
of your bright, readable and interesting 
number for July, and trust that the method 
of making the articles of special and partic- 
ular interest to boys and young men will 
continue to be kept in vieKv, as it is only 
by educating the youth of Canada and 
showing them the advantages of preserving 
our fish and game, that the good work of 
carrying out the game laws can be ad- 
vanced. 

"Articles in the July number and in 
previous numbers also, dealing with the 
Temagami District and the waters pertain- 
ing to the north and south, flowing into 
the Sturgeon River and thence into Lake 
Nipissing were of particular interest to 
myself as I personally travelled them 
some years previous to the advent of the 
present railroad, which now makes that 
beautiful country very accessible to trav- 
ellers. This very accessibility however I 
am afraid, in that virgin country with its 
vast waters and »inbrolieii forest, is going 
to make it very difficult to guard it from 
the great dangers of fire and destruc- 
tion of game. Of this I had an instance in 
1901 when entering the Northern waters 
via Haileybury. The season of the year 
was late in August, and when making a 
portage over the Pork Rapids, we ran a- 
cross a half-breed, who was endeavouring 
to take out a bull moose head. Game War- 
den Tinsley was advised of this on my re- 
turn and the Jiead was seized. It was shot 



in the Anima-Nipissing district by a resi- 
dent of the United States, who was pay- 
ing the half-breed a good amount of money 
to get the head out for him. 

"Another instance only last year:— A 
party of "Butchers" from the United 
States went up into Warren's Bay Dis- 
trict, which not long ago was one of the 
best moose countries lying adjacent to the 
Sturgeon, and they killed no less than sev- 
en head, comprising bulls, cows and one 
calf, leaving the carcasses to rot in the 
woods. This was in August. Such de- 
struction was brought before the notice of 
the Deputy Game Warden in that district, 
and the parties arrested and fined, but the 
fine imposed, some $200.00, was by no 
means severe enough for that indiscrimi- 
nate slaughter. One might well ask the 
question: What would the penalty be to 'a, 
Canadian if hei had done such an aict in the 
United States ? 

"I quite agree with some of the arti- 
cles written in "Rod and Gun", as to the 
right of settlers to shoot moose and deer 
for the purpose of fresh meat. The privi- 
lege is, I am afraid, abused, lumber camps 
and construction gangs getting the bene- 
fit. The Government at Toronto, in order 
to make the protection of game and fish 
a benefit to the Province of Ontario should 
see that the game laws are enforced. To 
do this money is required and there should 
be no niggardly feeling on the part of the 
Government in strengthening the game- 
warden's hands. Every year there is a 
large source of revenue from the license 
system. 

"Some good, I hope, will result from 
the formation of the Ontario Fish and 
Game Protective Association, lately form- 
ed in Toronto and all sportsmen should sec- 
ond its efforts in bringing before the Gov- 
ernment of this Province, the great neces- 
sity of preserving the fish and game, 
which every year become less in number. 
Yours truly, 

WILLIAM HENDRIE, JR." 
Hamilton, Ont. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



323 



Fishing on the Tay. 

An Ideal Day and Excellent Sport. 



By F. W. LEE. 



"Are you awake ? " 

Shading the lamp with his hand, father 
looked into my room where I had lain a- 
wake for the last hour fighting heat and 
mosquitoes. 

I was up immediately and took but a 
moment to dress. Glancing out the win- 
dow in j)assing I saw it was still dark; a 
damp puff of wind in my face presaged 
rain. Aftea: a cup of tea and a morsel to 
eat, we took our poles and making all the 
racket we possibly could without intending 
to do so, made our way down the quiet 
streets towards the river. There was not 
a star to be seen but a lighter shade in 
the eastern sky foreshadowed dawn. A 
cloudy day was what we wanted and ex- 
pected to get, but rain would spoil every- 
thing. I could not help yawning once or 
twice and felt inclined to smile at the ab- 
surd hour and the trouble we were taking 
for a little sport. 

We reached the outskirts of the town, 
crossed the swing bridge, went up the 
bank and along the canal locks until we 
came to the boat house. At 3.30 a.m. our 
staunch (not speedy) boat was launched, 
pails, knives and other impedimenta re- 
quisitioned. Unable to find a rope we very 
reluctantly abandoned our idea of still fish- 
ing, an anchor being essential for this. 
Then we pushed off. 

Making a short cut through the lily 
pads and weeds we gained the channel of 
the river, father rowing smartly and I 
steering. The water was as still and black 
as ink and very warm. From the shore 
the deep bass of frogs and the mysterious 
cries of unseen waterfowl came to us. The 
tall cat tails shivered in the morning 
breeze. Clumps of water elm grew out of 
the reed banked shores to our right, the 
dark woods to our left threw that por- 
tion 0I the river into deep shadow; ahead 
the river twisted in and out intricately. 

Coming to Poonahmalee Cut, big drops 
of rain bubbled on the surface of 
the water and we headed for shore 
to take refuge beneath the trees. Here we 
stayed some little time listening to the 



patter on the leaves and swatting mosqui- 
toes. The rain drops ceased and we re- 
sumed our rowing, endeavoring to make 
up for lost time. The chug, chug of ma- 
chinery ahead warned us to row to one 
side and soon a puffing gasoline launch 
filled with young fellows in rain coats, 
smoking short pipes passed us noisily, our 
boat rocking in the swell. 

It was broad daylight as we came to 
the locks, but although we had a pass we 
decided to make a portage. It would have 
taken us at least twenty minutes to lock 
througt, to say nothing of the cuss words 
from the sleepy lockmaster, and taking a 
few long breaths we rushed the boat over- 
land to the upper cut, the wet grass mak- 
ing a first class lubricant. 
But let me explain a little. 
At the close of the war of 1812-13, the 
British Government decided to construct a 
waterway from Montreal to Kingston by 
way of Ottawa and at a safe distance 
from the St. Lawrence, to afford uninter- 
rupted communication for the transport of 
war materials in the future and also for 
purposes of commerce. This was before the 
days of railways. 

The route chosen was through what was 
then a virgin forest and followed an in- 
land natural waterway of lakes and con- 
necting rivers, some shallow and turb- 
ulent, some narrow enough to leap across, 
some wide and deep enough to float a 
frigate. This waterway was known as the 
Rideau Chain. Save by the Indian's pad- 
dle when his canoe floated over it or by a 
splashing beaver its waters were tree from 
man's intrusion. Wild fowl and fish were 
abundant and could be shot with a bow 
and arrow. 

All this was rudely disturbed when the 
great work commenced. The connections 
between the lakes were deepened or when 
the obstacles were too formidable, canals 
were cut through the land, the flint-like 
rock blasted out, great dams created to 
store up water, and provide a safe depth 
for navigation. The basins or reservoirs 
so made were called reaches and some were 



324 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



miles in length. The beauty of the place 
Was sadly marred by ugly arid stretches 
of shattered stones, sand and upthrown 
earth, overturned and mangled trees. 

But this was over seventy years ago. 
Nature had regained her own since then 
and trees liad sproutpil up and grown to 
noble proportions on the banks; along the 
cuts green velvety grass had crept down 
to the water's edge. Evidences of man's 
work had been almost hidden or so incor- 
porated into the natural surroundings that 
a little imagination was required to pic- 
ture the toil and industry the place had 
once witnessed. 

This was especially the case with Poon- 
ahmalee Cut situated a few miles above 
my native town. It was divided into the 
upper and lower parts and was a favorite 
resort for picnic parties. A deep silence 
brooded over the place, save when the wind 
rustled tluough the green trees or the roar 
of the rapids on the other side was borne 
softened by the distance into a musical 
murmur. 

The sun showed his fiery edge beneath a 
heavy 'blue cloud as we fairly started in 
the upper cut, but thinking better of it he 
■withdrew and was hidden. Passing a small 
creek which emptied here, father silently 
jointed his pole and strung his line. Leav- 
ing it about six feet. longer than the pole, 
he put on a small silver and gold plated 
troll with red and black feathered hooks. 
He made a cast and I so manoeuvred the 
boat that the troll trailed only a few feet 
from the shore about six inches beneath the 
water. 

"There used to be some good fish 
caught .here," he observed settling back in- 
to the seat. 

I watched the whirling spoon as it 
glinted under the surface and rowed more 
slowly. 

After a time I put out a small silver 
plated troll on a line, although I did not 
have a great deal of time to attend to it. 

The fish were evidently not in a great 
hurry for breakfast and we passed through 
the cut and rounded a bend of stumps in 
the river before vi^e had a nibble. Then it 
was a slight one. 

We were now entering the drowned 
lands, immense areas where the water had 
overflowed when forced back by, the dams. 
On both sides of the channel unsightly 



stumps and occasionally a weather swept 
tree protruded. Here wild rice and lilies 
flourished and a grand feeding ground for 
fish and fowl was created. Careful naviga- 
tion, especially on dark nights, was re- 
quired and many tragedies ha,ppening in 
this neighborhood could be recalled. Small 
craft straying from the channel and stumb- 
ling into the treacherous stumps, many of 
which hid their black noses but an inch or 
SO' from the surface became an easy prey, 
and the luckless occupants struggling a- 
mongst the weeds had small chance of see- 
ing home again. 

We had about a' mile to go before our 
real fishing grounds were reached, i. e., as 
the crow flies. The channel took many a 
long twist and bend. I shaved the points 
jutting out so closely that we were kept 
busy taking oft weeds. 

A tremendous splash behind and the 
pole went double. Then it straightened 
and the line relaxed limply. Father con- 
founded the hooks for not holding. He let 
the spoon out again, giving it a jerk to 
see if it was playing properly. My line 
tugged a few minutes after and \ pulled in 
but found nothing but a dank green weed. 

Father in a little while caught a small 
grass pike, a verj' pretty fish with glis- 
tening scales and graceful outlines. He re- 
turned it to the water. 

As we rounded a point and came upon 
a heavily wooded island, rain started a- 
gain. We landed on the island at a spot 
where some boys were camping, their fire 
smoking lazily. Some preparation for 
breakfast was going on. One of them was 
slowly cutting! ham and another getting 
out bread and butter, etc. Soon some ham 
was sizzling in the pan and diSusing a 
pleasant smell. 

We watched with interest a shoal of 
bull pout minnows moving around in the 
shallow water near the shore. They hud- 
dled, if 1 may say, in a compact, mobile 
mass— no stragglers allowed— and resembled 
nothing so much as a big live black sponge. 
If a few of them got independent and broke 
away they did so in a bunch Jjut were ap- 
paresitly glad to rejoin the rest after a 
short spell of roaming. An old one, the 
mother, no douht, dropped in every few min- 
utes to have an eye on things. Bull pouts 
make good eating and are easily cleaned 
having very few bones but a great many 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



325 



people have a prejudice against them. The 
fish is not over particular where fee feeds. 
The rain ceasing we put out once more and 
conning through Sawlog Bay and its stumps 
at the foot of Rideau Lake, the waves of 
"which we could hear in the distance, we 
entered the mouth of the Old Tay River, 
our fishing ground for the day. 

This river with its coRee colored water 
resembles the Rideau but is not so stumpy 
and flows through pleasant banks studded 
in places with trees. Cat tails and reeds 
fringe its banks at the water's edge. 

I fitted up a small troll on a short 
pole and let it trail instead of using the 
line. 

In a few minutes after entering we 
caught our first bass, a fain sized one, 
large mouthed black variety. These are 
good fighters and take a troll very freely. 
R'e regretted we could not do any still 
Jishing for with a few frogsior minnows, 
some of the little bays looked so suggest- 
ive, we had no doubt we could have done 
great execution. Then there was the mini- 
mum of work involved, no trolling neces- 
sary. 

One, two, three, four ! all beauties ! 
This was our toll in ten minutes after 
covering a space of about three hundred 
yards. Father who had caught them all, 
volunteered to row and I took my seat in 
the stern and tried my luck. 

He rowed up about half a mile and then 
turned back. Just as we rounded a point, 
1 had a fierce tug on my line but the fish 
let go. My nerves tingled as if I had just 
received an electric shock and J experienc- 
ed a greedy desire to land something. A- 
round this point we had caught two of 
the" other bass and I prepared for emergen- 
cies. I disentangled a weed and let the 
troll go. A long yellow log submerged in 
about two feet of water lay almost paral- 
lel with our course and T plavcd the spoon 
as close to it as I safely could. The line 
tightened with a swish and stood anchored 
stiffly in one spot. The impetus of the 
boat carrying us on I feared I had caught 
the log and was about ,to let my pole float 
in the water sooner than break the line. 
Just then it moved. 
"Hold on ! " 

Father dropped his oars and pulled in 
his troll to keep the line from snarling. 



He then swung the boat around to give me 
more room. 

My pole was bent double to breaking, 
the line tense as wire. I stood up for 
freer movement. Each motion of the fish 
sent a tingling down my spine. 

I concentrated my attention to' keeping 
him from the log and my line from slack - 
ening. I was afraid I would lose the fish. 
The uncertainty of the whole thing as I 
look back was its delightful feature. Rush 
after rush and fruitless manoeuvre on the 
part of my captive succeeded in nothing 
but gradually exhausting him. My rod and 
line stood the test. Gradually I worked 
him nearer the boat and after a despairing 
plunge for freedom, he was drawn in — a 
seven pounder at least. 

I felt quite proud and ■ would have been 
willing to quit and go home right then. 
The bass flapped around knocking over cans 
and boxes and avoiding his wicked mouth, 
I pushed him under the seat in spite of his 
protesting struggles. 

We resumed our trolling and a few feet 
away took in a small bass. I then hook- 
ed a fair sized one and we came to the 
conclusion that we had dropped into about 
the best spot in the river. We hovered a- 
round this neighborhood nearly all morn- 
ing. I caught two five-pounders after stiff 
fights almost as exciting as the first, and 
father caught one large fellow and some 
smaller ones. 

It was an ideal July day. The sun 
did not appear once although the clouds 
were thinning. A warm wind blew softly 
from the southwest but promised to be- 
come stronger later on. 

The red winged blackbirds sung in the 
elm trees, the cat bird called in the thick- 
et, a long legged crane/ flapped around 
looking for fresh feeding spots, his legs 
sticking out when on the wing like two 
laths. The deep green of the shore was 
restful to the eye and all nature's noises 
soothed. Little waves lapped against our 
boat and the noise almost lulled me into 
a doze. I grew so lazy I did not even at- 
tempt to douse the green dragon flies as 
they flew to rest on my line. 

The Tay extends back into the country 
some miles from where we were and by 
degrees shrinks into a creek. A few sleepy 
farmhouses are to be seen on its banks, 
and a deserted mill with sashless windows 



326 



ROD AND GLN IN CANADA 



to our right spoke of a more prosperous 
time. 

We congratulated ourselves at having 
come so early and having such good sport. 
I much doubt if anyone that day had bet- 
ter than ourselves. 

Our only other incident worthy of par- 
ticular note that morning was a catch of 
a huge pike. We hooked it on the small 
pole which was smashed in three pieces, 
but the linei held. Once in the boat he 
jumped around so much, covering our boots 
and trousers with flying slime and scales, 
and showed his long white teeth so vic- 
iously that in self^efence I endeavored to 
settle him with the end of the oar. The 
oar slipped on his armor plated head and 
he rebounded and over the side in a wink. 
A splash and a few scales floating on the 
water were all we had to prove it was 
not a nightmare. 

At half past ten we landed, the fish 
having slackened their biting, and collect- 
ing some dry; twigs and pieces of cedar 
made a little fireplace out of some flat 
stones and kindled a small blaze. Then we 
boiled some tea and camped for half an 
hour to. have lunch which did not come a- 
miss. 

After lunch we tried our luck again but 



did not have much success and considering 
we had had about as much fun as the ord- 
inary man would be satisfied with, decid- 
ed to start for home. We were expected 
there at four o'clock. 

Somewhat regretfully we headed out for 
the lake, rolling up our lines, and soon 
the Tay was left behind. 

The sun came out fiercely, making a 
scorching glare on the water and the 
clouds cleared off. The wind freshened in- 
to a gale and we experienced some uncom- 
fortably big waves crossing ther foot of the 
lake. Further up we could see white caps 
tossing against the shore. Running into a 
sheltered bay we made for Sand Island, 
where we cleaned our fish as bass do not 
keep well in the hot weather. We had 
thirteen in all, a string of which we were 
proud. What we did not eat ouraeives we 
intended to give to friends. 

We wrapped the cleaned fish in news- 
papers, which are good preservative, clean- 
ed the boat out and made everything ship- 
shape. 

Quite satisfied with ourselves we con- 
tinued our course down the river, taking 
things very easily and landed at our 
starting point in due time, sunburnt and 
tasting of fish, and a little tired. 



"Bobbing for Mud Cats" on Lake Scu^o^. 



This Spring a party of fishermen set 
out for a stream near Lake Scugog intent 
on trout fishing. It was currently .report- 
ed, that in this particular stream there 
were trout in a'bundance, and consequently 
our hopes ran high of securing a nice mess 
of the speckled beauties. How we failed, 
how we covered our failure, and the sec- 
ondary success attending our efforts is re- 
corded below. 

On arriving at the stream where the 
trout were supposed to abound we found it 
so small, that one rod could easily have 
fished it in one hour. Although disappoint- 
ed and disgusted we resolved to be men 
and put the best face on the matter. Two 
out of the three composing the party there- 
fore fished the stream and caught about 
two dozen small trout. These were 
brought to the hotel, and when shown in 



the light of day looked so insignificant 
that we decided it would be quite useless 
to take them home. They were cooked for 
ourselves, and just made a nice meal. Af- 
ter we had enjoyed them, however, there 
came the usual after reflections. To return 
from a fishing e.vpedition without fish, Aid 
suli(iect ourselves to the rude jibes of our 
better halves was not to be thought of, 
much less endured. What was to be done ? 
We were dolefully bewailing our fate, 
and failing to see a gleam of daylight a- 
mid the darkness, when suddenly one of the 
boys burst out, "Did you fellows ever go 
'bobbing for mud-cats ' " ? None of us ever 
did, nor had we even heard of that de- 
ligjhtful pastime. Pointin,g out that in 
such occupation lay our hopes of salvation 
he speedily organized a party for that 
same evening, and predicted great success 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



327 



as the weather was calm and the wind 
propitious. 

A few minutes later and we were all en- 
gaged in the work of preparation. This 
consisted in industriously digging for 
worms in order to make our "bobs." When 
a considerable quantity of these have been 
secured a needle and thread is procured, 
the latter about a yard long, and the 
worms are strung on the thread length- 
wise, like so many beads. This string of 
worms is then looped together until it be- 
comes apparently all worms, and looks so 
succulent, so juicy, and so tempting that 
it would take a pretty strong minded fish 
to refuse it. No doubt such a string is as 
alluring to them as an "all-daj- sucker" 
would be to a four-year-old boy. 

The "boib" being ready, a small stick, 
about four or five feet Jong, and a line a- 
bout the same or a trifle longer, are se- 
cured. When the "bob" is securely tied to 
the end of the line i we are ready for his 
Excellency, Mr. Catter. 

About seven in the evening, in two ca- 
noes, we started' for i the fishing ground, 
each armed with a "bob" and a large tin 
dish in which to place our captures. On ar- 
rival we dropped anchor and prepared for 
the "fun" as I don't suppose for a mom- 
ent that you would dignify it with the 
name of "sport." / 

Just as fast as we dropped in our 
"bobs" the fish would bite, and it was one 
continuous splash, yank, plunk, as the cat- 
ters came flying into the canoe. We made 
gallant efforts to deposit them in the dish- 
es, but in the excitement lots of them 
would fall into the bottom of the canoe, 
and as darkness had gradually come on it 
was sometimes hard to locate the dish any- 



way. Thei fish simply fasten on to the 
"bob" and hang on till their tail touches 
the bottom of the pan or canoe, when they 
open their jaws and drop off, Qb|viating the 
cutting of one's fingers on fins or hooks 
which so often occurs when fishing for cat- 
fish in the ordinary way. We kept this up 
until it became quite dark, and even then 
they never ceased biting. Three or four of 
them would sometimes get on together, 
and then the fun became fast and furious. 
At length our pans were full, and even the 
whole bottoms of the canoes were strewn 
with writhing black masses of fish, so we 
pulled up anchor and paddled for home. 

Next morning a native of the village, 
who is an expert in such matters, was 
kind enough to skin and clean about 200 of 
the most choice ones. These we divided up 
and each took ihome a nice mess. When I 
reached my domicile the first words of 
greeting I received were contained in the 
query "Where are the fish ? " Bold as a 
lion I responded, "In the valise." She went 
over, opened it up, and after what was to 
me a painful interval of silence, she look- 
ed quizzical and remarked "Why they are 
all skinned ! " "Oh, yes," said I, with the 
greatest sang froid, "that's the way they 
all do them down there. They keep so 
much better don't you know ? " 

Well, to make a long storj' short, 
though you may not believe it when I tell 
you, and some of the epicurean disciples 
of good old Isaak Walton would turn in 
their graves to hear it, she cooked them 
for dinner, ate them, and asserts to this 
day that they were the finest speckled 
trout she ever ate. At any rate the "'bobs' 
saved my fishing reputation. 

G. J. 



The following is an extract from a let- 
ter written by Mr. H. Scudder, Minealo, 
N.Y., in the early part of June of the 
present year:— "I personally saw last fall 
on the Maganasippi River and tributaries 
twenty-nine moose, and a gentleman I had 
with me, who was north six weeks longer 
than I, saw fifty-seven. We have carefully 
preserved the game on our territory, and 
the killing has been limited to six or sev- 
en "bull moose a year." 



Mr. F. Higginbottom, of Montreal, 
writes to "Rod and Gun" asking the 
weight of the largest pike caught in On- 
tario waters that we have on record. Per- 
haps our readers will help us to answer 
this query, as we have no record of this 
character. Now is the time for the record 
fishermen to register their record catches, 
and we anticipate quite a flood of 
answers, so much so that our difficulty 
will be in awarding the palm. 



32 H ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

S ports Afloa t ! 

BEING A SECTION DEVOTED TO THOSE WHO 
BRAVE WIND AND WAVE, IN WHITE- 
WINGED YACHT OR DAINTY CANOE. 
IN FRAGILE SHELL OR SWIFT 
POWER BOAT. 



EDITED B\' LOUIS MARAIS. 



Deep Sea Fishing off Halifax Harbor. 



\\\ V. !'. 



I well remember one summer morniag 
happening to be in Halifax, which its pro- 
gressive citizens term the "Gateway of 
Canada," and having the day to spare, I 
determined to get some deep sea fishing. I 
was fortunate enough to know a member of 
the Royal Nova Scotia Yacht Squadron, 
who owned a comfortable yacht, and I 
found him more than willing to take me a- 
float The necessary preliminaries were 
soon arranged, an ample lurich prepared, 
and we hied to the "Squadron" to start 
for the fishing grounds. The weather con- 
ditions were ideal and the sun shone 
brightly down upon the long roll of the 
broad Atlantic, whose bosom was but 
.^^lightly ruffled by a light south-westerly 
breeze. Stowing our lunch baskets In the 
snug cabin of the sloop, we were soon on 
our way down the harbour to the fishing 
grounds. The wind was blowing almost di- 
rectly in so it was what yachtsmen call a 
"close haul" to Rock Head shoals, about 
seven miles distant, which we had selected 
as the scene of our operations. .A.fter a de- 
lightful sail of an hour and a half, we 
dropped our anchor, or "killock" as it is 
called in the vernacular, in about fifteen 
fathoms of water. Then were the myster- 
ies of deep sea fishing unfolded to me. Op- 
ening a sliding door in the stern of the 
yacht my friend extracted from what he 
called the "Moose Yard" a tangle of lines 
and hooks, which under his skilful manipu- 
lation, speedily resolved themselves into a 
number of fishing lines. Each line was a- 
hout 30 fathoms long, and as thick as a 
lead pencil. At one end was a piece of 



lead weighing about two or three pounds, 
through which was placed a piece of wire 
about a foot long at right angles to the 
line. From each end of the wire, affixed 

with a swivel, depended about four feet of 




line and on each line was a hook. Each 
hook was now baited with clams, and care- 
fully dropped overboard until it touched 
bottom. It was then pulled in until the 
lead remained suspended about six feet a- 
bove the bed of the sea. .A bout every min- 
ute we had to raise and lowej the line a- 
bout three or four feet to ascertain if the 
fish were biting, and a few minutes after 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



329 



my line was "set" I expe'rienced a decid- 
ed "tug," to which I made a correspond- 
ing "jig." Unaccustomed to the handling 
of so large and heavy a line, I of course 
imagined that I had hooked a very large 
fish, but when the sinker appeared over 
the side of the boat, I was surprised to 
find the hooks 'bare, save for the juicy 
clam used as bait. Soon, however, I be- 
came accustomed to the a;reat weight of 
the line and gathering confidence when my 
friend "landed" a ten pound codfish, I re- 
sponded briskly to the next decided "tug" 
and speedily had a mate for "him" in the 
boat. For the next four hours, on an av- 
erage every five or ten minutes, one or 
another of the party succeeded in catching 
a fish of some kind, and Cod, Haddock, 
Hake and Pollock, from one to ten or 
twelve pounds, to the number of twenty- 
nine, soon graced the cock-pit. The ma- 
jority of the fish probably averaged four 
or five pounds apiece. I must not forget 
a large flat fish, contributed by my line 



to the general store. These fish lie close 
to the bottom and are seldom caught if 
the line is raised a proper distance off the 
bottom, so I was a target for the jeers of 
my friends for so unskilfully managing my 
line. The tide and weather conditions were 
just right. We had anchored as the flood 
tide was commencing to run in and the in- 
coming fish were seeking their feeding 
grounds around the shoals. Having so plea- 
santly spent the day, the order was given 
by our skipper to "up Killock" and pre- 
sently we were bowling merrily homeward 
before a falling sou'-west breeze. To those 
who are fortunate enough to be in the 
"Garrison City" during the summer 
months, I suggest that they should not 
leaVe before trying deep sea fishing. Uoats 
are easily obtainable and a day spent in 
a boat heaving gently to the long surges 
of the broad Atlantic, with a cool "sou'- 
west" breeze blowing gently in over Che- 
bucto Head, will be long remembered. 



The Canada's Cup Contest. 



Such racing and chasing and rivalry 
over the honor of owning the boat that 
backs up the Royal Canadian Yacht Club 
challenge for Canada's Cup, Toronto, the 
home of all challenges, never saw before. 
Temeraire, the Fife boat owned by Rear 
Commodore Nichols of the R.C.Y.C, is the 
challenger, but ever since the Toronto pair 
were launched she and Zoraya the Mylne 
boat, owned by James Worts, have been at 
it in as tight a struggle as R. d Y. C. 
members ever witnessed. Race after rajce, 
only seconds separated them in actual 
time, though Skipper Eddie Weld made the 
difference seem greater by adding from 10 
to 50 seconds at the start. 

Naniwa, the Hamilton candidate, never 
"was a serious contender. She was badly 
beaten in heavy weather but did not stay 
to try her speed against the British de- 
signed pair in lighter airs. Temeraire's 
record was practically a clean one. She 
won all six of the official trials and in 
club races and unofficial battles with Zor- 
aya was never fairly beaten. Thrice she 
lost through accident or fluke. 



The situation is this: — Zoraya shows 
up in light .weather. In a six knot wind it 
is nip and tuck between the pair. Lighter 
than that Z'oraya is possibly the faster. 
From a six-mile breeze upwards Temeraire 
is the faster all around. Under six miles 
the cup course, could not, be finished with- 
in the time limit. Zoraya is the taster in 
any breeze on a broad reach. On a close 
reach it is fairly even with the odds on 
Temeraire. On a run in light airs Temer- 
aire is a bit the faster, but if it blows over 
10 miles there is no question of her speed 
gbing off the wind. On the wind Temejr- 
aire is the better boat. In light airs Zor- 
aya does well in a but Temer- 
aire always had a bit on her in going en 
end. In a thick with a good breeze Temer- 
aire sets Zoraya astern handsomely. She 
simply revels in a buck to weather in a 
wind with, or without, a sea. 

In a breeze Canadians will stake their 
hats on Temeraire and in a light air there 
are a few who will take a good Ijet) on her 
for they argue that any boat than can 



330 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



outfoot Invader in a light air is a wizard 

and worth a bet. 




i 



"temekaire" 

riie Canada's Cup Challenger. 

The Canadian prcw will be E. K. M. 
Wedd (skipper), Harry F. Darrell, Herbert 
Parsons, E. Barber, Casey Baldwin, J. 
Wilton Morse and a professional. 

Iroquois, the Herreshoff boat, which 
was finally selected to defend the Canada's 
Cup, had a narrow squeak. Rochester, the 
Gardner designed sloop, gave her a warm 
argument. Iroquois was far superior in 
heavy weather, but Rochester lad Mic 
speed in lighter airs. Louie G. Mabbatt, 
Rochester's skipper, was selected to sail 
the defender. He is a clever young man 
who has risen from the small, boat classes. 



A Hot Rivalry. 

Rivalry of the healthy sort that makes 
for good sport permeates the new 16-foot 
ballasted class and the chances are 'for a 
good year's sport next year. Two new 
boats— a W. H. Hand, jr., boat for Mr. 
Ross Gooderham and a B. B. Crownshield 



craft for J. Sinclair Robextson turned up 
at the R.C.Y.C. and Q.C.Y.C. Toronto 
this year and with Little Nell and Kath- 
leen last year's boats are producing some 
gocxl .racing. 

Little Nell sailed on G. E. Gooderham 
won the first R.C.Y.C. race and the Inter- 
Challenge Shield at the L.S.S.A. Regatta 
at the National Club with Clip the Hand 
boat, La Souris the Crownshield third and 
Kathleen last. In the second R. C. Y. C. 
race Little Nell too was home first by a 
long lead and La Souris beat Clip and 
Kathleen. This was in a light breeze. In 
a reefing breeze at the Q.C.Y.C. Clip, La 
Sourisi and Doris started. Clip won hand- 
ily with La Souris second, but the latter 
should be as good as any of them when she 
gets into shape and gets proper hand- 
ling. 

Two Booming Clubs. 

The abandonment of the town club- 
house by the Royal Canadian Yacht Club 




FRANK HOWARD, 

Of the ijiieen City Yacht Club, the best dinghy 

sailor on Toronto Bay. 

has given the Queen City Yacht Club a 
tremendous impetus. The Queen City club 
never secured so many new members as it 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



331 



has taken in this year. The notice board 
is covered from view with applications and 
has been for six weeks or more while the 
anchorage is so crowded that a re-arrange- 
ment of moorings upon a carefully evolved 
plan to utilize the space to the /best pos- 
sible advantage is under consideration. The 
club has a magnificent first class this year, 
consisting almost entirely of new boats of 
amateur build that are a credit not only 
to the club but to the industrious clever 
youngr" men who built them. The handiness 
of the Q.C.Y.C. anchorage is what is at- 
tracting many Royal Canadian Yacht Club 
men. They are principally owners of small 
boats and haven't the time required to go 
across to the Island Club and secure their 
boats. For men v-J-o o"-" lorn-e boats ana 
maintain paid hands the problem is not 



self reliance of the boys at the clubhouse 
on the Queen'si Wharf is aptly illustrated 
when it is recalled that a year ago they 
transported their cWb building over lOO 
yards and placed it on a new piling of 
their own construction. Whenever the club 
building required an addition the members 
simply rolled up their sleeves and tackled 
the job and the result is that today they 
have a building almost entirely remodelled 
and one that is a credit to their enter- 
prise in everv way. 

The L. S. S A. Re^atU. 

The features of the Lake Sailing Skiff 
Association regatta at the National Yacht 




CHAS. SWEATJIAN, 

Of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, one of 

Toronto's Crack young sailors. 

difficult. A telephone boat insures for 
them a yacht ready to slip her moorings 
and away and' when they return there is 
no storing of canvas to occupy the preci- 
ous minutes. The Queen City Yacht Club 
too is essentially a yoimg man's organiza- 
tion. Middle aged men and even old men 
belong to it, but beardless youths handle 
its affairs— and make it fairly hum with 
sporting spirit and social life. 

The National .Yacht and Skiff Club is 
too a young man's club and the a'bsolute 




r James Douglas' new Q. C. Y, C. dinghy in which 
Frank Howard won the Lake Sailing Skiff 
Assn. dinghy Championship Cups. 

and Skiff Clubs course jiist outside of To- 
ronto Bay on July 1st were the second 
victory of the Skirmisher of that club in 
the Walker Cup race for sixteen-footers 
and the double victory of Frank Howard 
in James Douglas' dinghy from the Queen 
City Yacht Club. There were twenty-five 
dinghies in one race and twenty in anoth- 
er. Ten sixieen footers including three 



332 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



For Sale 



The L-irgesl and 
M o s I Magnificent 
Moose Head shot in 
Ontario during 1904. Spread ol antlers 50 inches, 26 
points, all perfect, none broken. Will sell vcrv cheap. 
Apply to W. J. TAYLOR. 

Publisher Rod and Gun in Canada. 

Woodstock, Ont, 



YOUNG ENGLISH PHEASANTS 

I have a large number of 

Young English Pheasants, 3 

months old, all good strong 

healthy birds, imported stock. 

JACK MINER. KINGSVILLE. ONT 

fWHEN THE FISH ARE BITING 
Vou need a strong, light reel, thai is abso 
lutely reliable and that is always ready for action 
The Tubular 
TaKapart Reel 
is mnde of th** finest nialerials by the mcsi skillful 
workmen, using especially consuuclcd icob. 




A new friction device assists the 
beginner to get his "thumbing'' under control. 

prci'inting biuklashing. 

Handle and click can be set in different posi- 
tions by shifting head and end plates. 

Price $6 or $6 according to style Ask your 
dealer to sbow and explain it to you. 



A. F. MEISSELBACH & BRO. 

Makers of the celebraled "Expert 'and 

"Featherliglit* Reels. 

26 PROSPECT ST.. NEWARK. N. J. 



Every Trapshootcr 

Should have a Knitted 

Shooting Jacket 

Send us lo subscriptions to "Rod and 
Gun in Canada" we will send you a fine 
Knitted Shooting Jacket— made to meas- 
ure by the Scott Kniting Co. , of Toronto. 
Address: W. J. TAYLOR, 
Publisher of Rod & Gun in Canada. 
Woodstock, Ont. 



from Hamilton turned out for the Walker 
cup race, but the Hamilt'On men were 
never in the hunt. Skirmisher was design- 
ed, built aiid sailed by Ellis. 

Little Noll's victory in the 16-foot bal 
lasted class was rlear cut. Ross Gooder- 
ham's new Hand boat, and J. Sinclair Rob- 
ertson's La Souris, a Crow-ninshield cic- 
ation. marked the old boat as a good one. 
Both La Souris and clip have speod, ui.d 
when they get tuned up will be knocking at 
the door. Kathleen, Charlie Pari:er'& 
craft, was late in starting, an I v.as ilrop- 
pt'd steadily astern. 

The 18-foot trophy was a cinch for Bon 
.■\mi. It was like robbing a parson's hen 
roost on a Sunday night. 

The summary:— 

18-footers— Gooderham Cup— 



Pickc, L S.C.Y.C. ... 
Picke, L. S.C.Y.C. ... 
Edwards, L. S.C.Y.C. 
Nancy, Mimico Y'.C. 



J. Douglas, y.C.Y.C 
Riley and Bryant, N. Y. 

and S. C 

N. R. Gooderham, R.C.Y. 

C 

P. Germyn. M. ;Y'. C. ... 
Ten-all Bros., N.Y.&S.C. 

F. Phelan, Q.C.Y.C 

.Mcyuillan, T.C.C 



Start 


Finish 


... 10.30 


11.18 51 


... 10.30 


11.48.54 


10.30 


11.51.55 


10.30 




Cup- 




Start 


Finish 


. 10.40 


12.07.00 



10.40 12.08.00 



10.40 
10.40 
10.40 
10.40 
10.40 



12.08.20 
12.10.00 
12.10.20 
12.11.00 
1.11.30 



16-footers— Walker Cup- 
Start Finish 
Skirmisher, N.Y. and S.C. 2.30 5.02.20 
Trial, N.Y. and S. C... 2.30 S.OT.SO 

Acushla, N.Y. & S.C 2.30 5. 10.30 

Escape, Q.C.Y.C 2.30 5.10.32 

Petrel, V. Y.C 2.30 5.13.30 

Cygnet, V.V.C 2.30 5.14.10 

16-foot ballasted— Inter-Club Shield- 



Start 



Finish 



LitUc Nell, R.C. Y.C. . 


.. 3.50 


5.21.30 


Clip, R.C. Y. C 


3.50 


5.33.10 


La Souris. R. C. Y. C. . 


roO 


r. 39 20 


Kathleen. R.C.Y. C 


3.50 


Quit 



ROD AND GUN IN LAAAi.-A 



533 



14-foot dinghies— Birely Cup— 





Start 


Finish 


J. Douglas, Q.C.Y.C. .. 


2.50 


4.55.05 


Terrall Bros., N.Y.&S.C 


2.50 


4.3(7i40 


N. R. Gooderhani 


2.50 


5. Pi. 10 


Nichols, Q.C.Y.C 


2.50 


5.04.00 


Blackadder, Q.C. Y.C. .. 


2.50 


5.04.10 


Lamont, R.C.Y. C 


2.50 


5.06.02 



The Durnan-Sullivan Race. 

Eddie Durnan of Toronto who rows 
Sullivan of England on Toroiiro i^.iy on 
August, 26 has a new racing shell and is 
getting into shape rapidly. He takes three 
spins a day, but does not overwork him- 
self. His new shell is deeper at the end 
than the old one. He has been training 
all summer with Eph McGee, the big To- 
ronto Rowing Club man and is rowing fast 
enough to be worth a bet even against 
such a good one as Sullivan. 

The veteran oarsman Tom Sullivan of 
England arrived on July 29 and is doing 
his training from the Argonaut Rowing 
Club. He is in great fettle and is confi- 
dent of trimming Durnan. 

Iroquois the Defender. 

The Canada's' Cup defender is the 
Herreshoff designed Iroquois and her skip- 
per will be Lorie G. Mabbatt 'who sailed 
Rochester, the Gardiner boat. Mabbatt and 
Rochester gave Iroquois a hot chase for it 
in the trials and she won much after the 
same fashion as Temeraire did in the Can- 
adian trials— by showing decided superior- 
ity in breeze of wind and by holding her 
opponents in light weather. Rochester was 
hard afteri her all the way and while she 
did not do so well early in the season put 
her best foot forward in moderate wea- 
ther during the trials. At one time the 



score stood even between them. In Mab- 
batt the Rochester Club has a good , man. 
He was educated like E. K. JI. Wedd, the 
Canadian skipper, in the small boat school. 
He has been sailing jib and mainsail bbats 
ever since he was knee-high to a grass- 
hopper. He saiiled the little Pickle, a tiny 




"IROQUOIS" 

The Herreshoff crafi that defended Cannd.i' Cup. 

Macy designed sloop that used to create 
wonderment along the lakes by her size. 
She was only about 28 feet long, yet Mab- 
batt and his brother used to take her all 
over the lake and would go out in almost 
any weather. 




334 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



With the Camera 

A Departmfiit devoted to the Interests of the usera of Cameras and Photographic Maniputations 
QuerieM wUt be answered through these cotumns 

Address alt Communications, etc.. to — 

PHOTOORAFHIC DEPARTMEST, 

Rod and Qun in Canada, H^oodstocJc, Ont* 

Conducted, by J. Ernest Hotansom. 



A feature about photography is the fact 
that one is never at the end of it, that is, 
one does not reach the place where he can 
say, "I know all there is in this, both 
scientific and practical." 

It provides amusement, it provides a 
form of recreation ; it provides records. 
There is a field for the investigator, the 
chemist, the mechanic, the artist. 

One may go deeply into it, or one need 
only touch the fringe of it. The farther 
one goes, usually, 'the farther lie wants to 

go- 
Troubles frequently arise even with ex- 
perienced workers, merely following along 
ordinary lines, and often call for the in- 
genuity, knowledge and skill of the work- 
er. 

9 

Expoture on Movinj Objects. 

Innatural Effects due to too Rapid Eiposure. 

These are by no means uncommon in the 
case of rapidly moving objects, e.g. people 
running, horses jumping, etc. The human 
eye when viewing such subjects, does not 
see so many separate motions or parts of 
a motion, ibut takes in a coiuMnation of 
many positions, and so acquires the ii;> 
pression of movements. But a very rapid 
shutter may isolate one of a series of posi- 
tions which the eye has never seen as a 
separate position. Hence we see galloping 
horses sometimes presented with the legs 
stretched out fore and aft in a way only 
familiar to us in the wooden rocking horse 
of the nursery or merry-go-round. Again, 
take one very simple and common case, e. 
g., that of a man seen side-face walking a- 
cross the lino oi sight. We may catch him 
at the moment when one leg is passing be- 
hind the other. Such a position, of course. 



exists as one of many positions in those 
making up the movement. But this one 
position gives a doubly false impression. It 
shows us a one-legged man and a man 
standing, not moving. Again, a man walk- 
mg may be caught with the forward foot 
at its highest point. This again conveys 
the impression of a ma« trying to regain 
balance after having kicked an invisible 
football, and suggests motion backwards 
rather than forwards. 

ISIoving Objects— In general with mov- 
ing o'bjects there is a period or phrase in 
the series of movements which is especial- 
ly characteristic and significant of the mo- 
tion. It is this which obviously should be 
striven for. Let us take a homely illus- 
tration, viz., that of a swinging pendulum. 
If oar view shows the pendulum sharply 
defined at the lowest point of the swing, 
we should rightly say that this suggests 
the position of rest — not motion — for we 
know that this is its position of greatest 
velocity when' swinging. Again, if we 
sharply define the extreme end of the 
swing, we should Irom knowledge say at 
this point also we know that the oscillat- 
ing pendulum is at its point of rest when 
changing from the upward to the down- 
ward swing. But between the point 
of rest and of greatest velocity we should 
infer that it was moving, provided always 
that other conditions were favourable to 
this position. Similarly we should avoid 
showing a jumping horse or man at the 
movement of springing from or arriving 
upon the ground. And so on with the 
batsman, bowler, oarsman, runner, tennis 
player. Pictorially, we should be more 
likely to be interested in the trees sway- 
ing in the wind, the gentle roll of the 
flowing tide, the ploughman at the turn of 
the furrow, the haymaker loading the cart, 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



335 



the harvester swinging his scythe, and so 
on. 

Fortunately for the picture maker, the 
chara,cteristic phase is usually not that of 
greatest movement, but either just 'before 
or just after— the one showing « gathering 
effort, the other a recovery after effort. 

Pictorial v. Scientific Truth.— Reverting 
to our swinging pendulum example, this 
may be caught at the moment of greatest 
velocity, i.e., with bob at the lowest 
point, and so sharply defined as to give 
the same photographic effect as a pendu^- 
lum at rest. ' Scientifically, such a presen- 
tation is true, in so far as it shows some- 
thing which existed in fact. Pictorially, it 
is untrue, inasmuch as it does not corres- 
pond to the visual impression normally 
and generally apprehended. This simple 
principle is of general application, and 
should not be lost sight of either by the 
scientific or pictorial worker, who so of- 
ten misunderstand each other on these mat- 
ters. 

The hand camera would-be-picture mak- 
ers must not forget that a sharply-defined 
rapidly-moving object does not and can- 
not convey a pictorially true impression. 
Artists from early times have recognized 
this,, and have sacrificed definition (or de- 
tail as the photographer often confusingly 
calls it) to a suggestion of movement.— 
The Practical Photographer. 

Sporting Photography. 

C. H. Claudy, in a recent issue of Cam- 
era Craft, tells how a silk thread, a pur- 
chased fish and an obliging friend assisted 
at the making of an exciting sporting pic- 
ture. After describing an attempt at run- 
ning a wire across the stream and hang- 
ing the fish there, which proved diffirult 
he goes on to say. ' 

"It was no use. The wire was not 
strong enough, or the fish was too heavy, 
so we gave it up, and while Lewis laugh- 
ed, I tried to think of another way. O'his 
otherway resolved itself into an attempt 
to find a tall tree, which grew out over 
the water. This we finally located, and 
then we enjoyed ourselves throwing stones 
to which was attached a tail of 'black 
thread, over the tree and then trying to 
find the thread. "This was finally accom- 



plished, but not without much gritting of 
teeth and the calling of curses down upoa 
the shades of my ancestors by Lewis, who 
had been compelled to wade on the sharp 
stones and had cut his feet, greatly to my 
unchristian delight. Next in order was the 
attaching of the fish. Fishy had an iron 
rod down his gullet to give him the curve 
we imagined a jumping 'fish should have. A 
small pin in the back of the fish attached 
him to the thread, and an ordinary fish- 
hook fastened the line to his mouth. A 
few feet of line was allowed for slack, and 
then a brick was tied to it, to hold it 
down. The other end of the line was at- 
tached to the fishing rod. 




"One of us managed the camera, the 
other posed as fisherman. The fisherman's 
duties were as follows; To hold the rod so 
that the line was tight, but not so taut 
as to move the sinker ; lean forward and 
express muscular tension in the pose; 
throw a rock under the fish so the splash 
will drive away the flies, when the ripples 
have subsided, and before the flies come 
back, throw another rock, in just the right 
'place, to make rings in the water to indi- 
cate the place from which the fish jumped; 
the minute the rock leaves his hand, re- 
sume pose with rod ; look pretty. The oth- 
er fellow's duties were easier— boss the 
job, make fun of 'the victim and press the 
bulb. 

"The results were good enou|g|h to fool 
several good fishermen, who wondered and 
wondered how I managed to be on the 
spot with my camera when the fish jump- 
ed. 



336 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



"We got back to dry land after a while, 
although that last fifty feet of wadinp was 
torture, and our feet were sore for a week. 
Next time we will wear tennis shoes, and 
I most urgently advise you to do the 
same. They won't show, neither will the 
bruises." 

Photo Postal Club. 

Although only two issues of the maga- 
zine have been issued -since this depart- 
ment was started we have received words 
of appreciation from our readers. One is 
in the form of a request for an interchange 
of prints, publishing a list for that pur- 
pose. We are favorably disposed to the 
suggestion and in order to give it an in- 
terest more general and at the same time 
take in another suggestion we are inclined 
to include it in a plan of postal inter- 
change. 

We recognize that our department is 
very young, but if there are enough of our 
readers who would appreciate seeing the 
prints of workers like themselves, making 
and receiving friendly criticisms, we shall 
be pleased to start a "Rod and Gun Pho- 
to Postal Club" just as soon as sufficient 
names have been received. 

A definite announcement will be made 
in the September number. In the mean- 
time inquiries regarding same, addressed 
to this department, will receive personal 
attention. 



By the Way. 

Amidol, while a good developer for 
bromide and "gaslight" papers, has not 
been greatly used for plates. Although we 
have not tried the following, we should 
think the formula given by Mr, Reel), Ihe 
French chemist, should prove a very useful 
developer: 

Amidol, 4 grains or 2 gjrammes. 

Pyrocatechene, 2 grains or 1 grammes. 

Hydroqtunione, 2 grains or 1 grammes. 

Take of the amidol compound 6 grains 
1* grammes. 

Sodium sulphite, 30 grains or 60 gram- 
mes. 

Water, 1 ounce, 1,000 c.c.s. 

A few drops of citric acid solution will 
restrain if found too energetic. 



The camera worker spending his vaca- 
ion on the shores of, or near a 'lake, 
can, with little extra trouble, obtain 
some very fine effects of water and sky. 
The extra trouble is in taking a sunrise, or 
soon after sunrise, scene, which means ear- 
ly rising. A fine effect too is a- sunset. 
The oKject is to get a good cloud effect in 
the skyi and this can be obtained because 
water and sky require about the same ex- 
posure and the clouds will not be "lost." 
Film lor backed plates should be usea. 

The one spending his vacation by lake 
or river has splendid opportunities of se- 
curing interesting and, by careful work, 
artistic figure studies. The trouble too of- 
ten is one tries to include altogether, too 
much on his plate. The "inclusive" scene 
has its place, as a record, but one should 
strive for "pictures" too and they can be 
found in the launch of a boat, the scaling 
of fish, coming in on a wave, close-reefed 
and a host of other subjects. 



Levels are low in price and if your 
camera is not already fitted with one, se- 
cure one and use it. 

You will find it a help in your compo- 
sition and groupings, if you rule your foc- 
ussing glass, say as follows. 




and remember to place your principal ob- 
jects at either of the corners of the inner 
rectangle, and not in the centre, which is 
the weakest point. 

Remember the faster (more sensitive ) 
the plate, the less latitude, which means 
that exposure should be pretty nearly cor- 
rect to o'btain good results. The slower 
plates are more easily "worked" and al- 
low more latitude in exposure, which 
means a great deal less trouble in the de- 
veloping room. Do not use plat«s of a 
speed of H. <t D. 250 when a speed of, say, 
100 would be ample. Most dealers now 
stock at least two speeds. 

As an aid to judge the best height to 
place camera in order to obtain the most 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



337 



pictorial results remember that tie artist 
takes his view from a sitting position. 

For convenience in taking snaps of 
races, etc., when compelled to work in the 
crowd, elevating the camera upside down 
above the head, which enables one to see 
into the finder, has much to recommend it. 

In , using a camera in a boat care must 
be taken not to jar the camera or there 
will be a lack of sharpness and even a blur 
at what we call "instantaneous" expo- 
ures. 

For Washing Prints 

Prints usually sink to the bottom of a 
Tessel and get into close contact and as 
the hypo also falls to the bott-om it ren- 
ders the washing incomplete unless atten- 
tion is given to the moving of the prints. 
The suggestion of using clips and attach- 
ing the prints to the clips, allowing them 
to float in running water is not new but 
Herr CoUe of Berlin has lately given a 
suggestion for a very ingenious device in 
the way of a clip and it is timely at this 
season of the year when one is away from 
their usual working place, but yet are 
handy to running waftr, even if a stream. 
The suggestion is conveyed in the figures 
given herewith and is easily understood. 
Ordinary corks, rubber bands and pins are 
the materials. 



Figure 1 shows a cork with a slit up 
the centre and notched at the sides. The 
print is placed in the slit and a rubber 
band passed around the cork; the pin is- 





hung on to a wire, strong cord or rod 
placed over and near to the water of steam 
or washing vessel. Figure 2, shows a cork 
halved and tapered ofi at larger end, a rub- 
ber band is placed around; this forms a 
complete clip, pressure being applied to the 
larger and tapered end. These keep the 
prints floating near the top of the water 
and in the best position for thorough and 
expeditious washing. 

Queries. 

Queries for the month are answered in 
the information contained in the articles in 
this month's columns. 



Our Medicine Ba^. 



A number of difficulties have intervened 
■which render it impossible to carry out 
the original idea of comipiling a list of 
guides, which should be at once a reliable 
directory to sportsmen, and on the other 
hand a testimonial of efficiency to the 
guides, whose names appeared in the list. 
Guides, like other men, have their weak- 
nesses, and one of their marked character- 
istics is their disinclination to answer cor- 
respondence. This is particularly irritating 
to sportsmen, who do not like to take the 
chance of travelling to a distant point to 
find their guide away, and their unanswer- 
ed communications still lying at the lo- 
cal post office. A knowledge of, and love 



lor, correspondence is no essential qualifi- 
cation for a good guide, and on the other 
hand failures like the above spoil the 
sportsman's holiday. In such cases tour- 
ists are inclined to unduly blame "'Rod and 
Gun," and as we have enough sins of our 
own to answer for we are not disposed to 
meekly "bear those of many others. We 
shall still keep our list of guides, and add 
to it the names of all who prove worthy. 
We shall remain in touch with these 'guides 
and others in all parts of the Dominion, 
and shall thus be enabled to meet the re- 
quirements of all who will communicate 
directly with us on these matters. In 
other words we invite our readers to 



338 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



make use of "Rod and Gun" directly in- 
stead of indirectly, and we promise our 
best endeavors to give them satisfaction. 
With our long experience and wide connec- 
tions we are pretty confident that we 
shall never have to reckon with failure. 
Our list of guides is omitted this \ month, 
but we hope to substitute for it a direct 
eommunication with many of our readers, 
and an attention to their wants which 
shall make them closer friends and warm- 
er admirers of "Rod and Gun." 

Word has been received that Dr. Rob- 
ert T. Morris, who is accompanied by Mr. 
C. Wake, .both of New York, and who re- 
cently left Winnebago Siding on the main 
line west of the Canadian Pacific Railway, 
on an exploring trip to Hudson's Bay, 
have reached Flying Post, a Hudson's Bay 
Station, about one-third of the distance to 
be traversed. Dr. Morris reports that 
they have had a. fine trip so far, and found 
moose, red deer, and caribou in abundance. 
The party got all the fish they want, 
dore, pike, lake trout, white fish, perch 
and barbot. They have also seen plenty of 
bear signs, and a few wolf tracks. With 
the exception of the first day the trip has 
been a beautiful one, lake after lake, with 
long stretches of still water, and then 
rapids and falls. The Doctor says: " The 
map showing the Pishkanagania, a group of 
lakes must have 'been wrongly named, or 
else the Winnebago and the Pishkanagama 
groups are precisely alike." The first day 
out was a difficult one, and no one should 
go until the road is cleared. A little work 
upon it will make al very pleasant trip 
from Winnebago to Flying Post— a trip 
that women and tenderfeet can take. Dr. 
Morris thinks that when this improvement 
is made the best way will be to go in 
from Winnebago to Flying Post, and re- 
turn by way of Biscotasing. In the Doc- 
tor's opinion the country is a most desir- 
able one indeed for sportsmen, a^id so far 
it is too easy for anyone who t-njoys e.x- 
ploring. Always excepting the first day, 
the trip so far has been a "soft thing." 

9 
The Quebec Fish and Game Laws have 
not been altered during the last session of 
the Provincial Parliament. 



Two jumping deer have been seen on the 
main road five miles north of Winnipeg. It 
is thought possible that these animals es- 
caped from a menagerie. 

A sturgeon weighing 102 pounds has 
been caught in the Rat River, east of 
Arnaud, Man. On measuring the big fish 
it was found to be 6 feet 3 inches in 
length. 

In deep sea fishing some successes are 
recorded. The schooner Annie and Jennie, 
of Boston, brought in two halibut which 
tipped the scales at 132 and 240 lbs. re- 
spectively. 

Mr. Sanson, of the Banff Museum, is 
credited with taking the largest fish this 
season. He caught it in Lake Minewanka, 
and it measured 37^ inches in length, and 
weighed 26 pounds. 

The salmon run is reported to be excep- 
tionally good this season in British Co- 
lumbia, and all the canneries are busily 
engaged in preparing for inland consump- 
tion some of this abundant harvest of the 
sea. 

A large bear, which was playing havoc 
with the sheep and other farm stock 'was 
shot and killed at St. Fereal, Montagny 
County, Que., by a farmer named Cleophas 
Lachance. The carcass weighed 360 
pounds. 

James Craig, a resident of Englishmen's 
River, B.C., has claimed from the Provin- 
cial Government his tenth bounty this year 
for panther killing. No less than 14 have 
been killed in the district since 1905 op- 
ened. 

Two young men named Clark and For- 
an have made a canoe trip from New York 
as far as Port Henry. Their experiences 
appear to have been anything but enjoya- 
ble, and indeed this is not the kind of ca- 
noeing to be recommended. 

Two boys hunting the cows near New- 
castle. Ont., were recently chased by a she 
bear, and compelled to pass the night in a 
tree. It was not till daylight that the 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



339 



bear left them and they were able to 
home'but without the cows. 



go 



The "Rossland Miner", B. C, reports 
the capture, near the Columbia and Koot- 
enay Mine, of a large specimen of the At- 
icus Ceropia moth. It is a male moth with 
plumous antennae, which look like two fea- 
thers sticking from the top of its head. 

Although the close time for beaver nas 
been extended until 1910 no less than 130 
skins have been seized by Game Warden 
Fitzgerald, at Peterborough, Ont. These 
are supposed to be the pelts of animals 
captured in Algonquin Park, despite the 
fact that a large number of rangers are 
employed there. 

Much activity is reported amongst the 
Ontario Provincial overseers for the pro- 
tection of, fish. Major S. Huntington paid 
a recent visit to Sturgeon Falls with the 
result that several fishermen had their li- 
censes cancelled, their nets confiscated, 
and themselves subject to fines. A few ex- 
amples of this kind have a wide and far 
reaching effect. 

A sea lion followed the salmon up so 
closely to Vancouver Island the other day 
that he entered the trap along with the 
lish. He was unable to escape, but he did 
enough damage to let out all the salmon 
he did not eat. When the men visited the 
trap and saw what had happened, they 
soon killed the lion which it is asserted 
weighed 1,600 lbs. 

From 125 to 175 . skilled men are said 
to go trapping in the northern forests of 
Maine every winter. It is a hard and lone- 
ly life, and the results are put down at an 
average of from $250 to $350. The work 
is healthy and fascinating, and those who 
once begin this way ' of spending their win- 
ters rarely abandon it. 

Mr. J. C. Davis, of Cleveland, O., is 
another visitor attracted to Canada by 
reading "Rod and Gun." What he has 
found in our pages has decided him to go 
hunting for caribou north of the Soo this 
Fall. We wish for Mr. Davis a very plea- 
sant experience, and doubt not he will, 
once he has tried the prescription, repeat 



his visits to Canada just as often as he 
can manage to do so. 

Bush fires are. reported from the Tima- 
gami Forest Reserve, and great damage to 
valuable pine and growing timber must 
have been caused by them. It is rumored 
that these fires werei started by sparks 
from the engines of the Timiskaming & 
Northern. Ontario Railway, and not from 
prospectors. Some of the most beautiful of 
the islands in Lake Temagami are report- 
ed to have been ravaged by the fire. 

A North Bay correspondent states that 
such good times have the anglers had in 
the neighbourhood of that town, and so 
many are the fish stories told, that the 
landlord of the Pacific Hotel, whose ac- 
complishments in that way are well-known 
has given up the attempt to go one bet- 
ter, freely acknowledging himself beaten in 
the game. Is it another instance of truth 
being stranger than fiction ? 

Recently a circus that passed through 
Winnipeg left a very undesirable legacy be- 
hind in the shape of a great wild cat or 
lynx. At first the. tales that were ' told 
of the prowling animal were disbelieved, 
but some workmen at last located it in 
an unfinished building, and a hunt was or- 
ganised. The animal was captured alive 
and exhibited. 

A thirteen year old boy, the son of 
Game Warden Loveday, recently caught the 
largest maskinonge that has been captur- 
ed in Lake Deschenes for many a day. 
The fish was four feet four and a half inch- 
es long, and weighed 35 pounds. Consider- 
ing the parentage of the boy, f there should 
be no exaggeration in the story. It took 
an hour and fifteen minutes to land the big 
fellow, and he was only taken after a hard 
struggle and the use of a small hand axe. 

The Nipigon trip has hitherto been 
largely confined to the trip from Lake 
Nipigon down the Nipigon River. There is 
another Nipigon trip looming up, not too 
difficult, and beautiful in the extreme— that 
is by the Ombabika River to the Albany, 
and return either by Sand River or the 
Wabinosh. It is an ideal trip through a 
new country, giving plenty of fishing and 



Uo 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



shooting, and where it is, comparatively 
speaking, not difficult to obtain guides. 

There can be no scarcity of moose in 
Minnesota, if reliance can be placed on the 
reports from Diiluth. That city is said to 
be suffering from' a plague of these rni- 
mals. They dash through the shopping 
districts to the distraction of the gaily 
dressed crowd of shoppers, or tear through 
the residential section leaving a long tiail 
of destruction behind them. The State 
authorities are being petitioned for per- 
mission to shoot moose invading private 
premises, even during the close season. 

On June 9th last Mr. A. McLean, lum- 
berman, of the Township of Eardley, P.Q. 
reported to Mr. N. E. Cormier, Provincial 
■Game Warden and Fishery Overseer, that 
he had travelled timber limits in the Kip- 
awa country with two men for two months 
and during that time they saw at least 
150 moose. Mr. McLean is an old bushman 
and he declares that he never saw so much 
big game in all his previous experience. 
Moose, red deer, and bear are all plentiful 
in the coimties of Ottawa and Pontiac in- 
cluding the Height of Land. 

British Columibian trout waters must be 
the angler's ideal. At Fish Lake, about 
twenty miles from Kamloops, it is said 
that men are making a living by taking 
and shipping trout. Illegal means are re- 
sorted to in order to increase the take, 
and those concerned are wilfully destroy- 
ing their own means of livelihood. If fish- 
ermen cannot see beyond their own noses, 
it is time the Government, in the inter- 
ests of the whole people, interfered and -re- 
stricted these catches. British Columbia's 
matchless trout waters are well worth 
preserving. 

Three Toronto fishermen caught a mask- 
inonge weighing 35 pounds on Lake Sim- 
coe. The fish measured 4 feet 4 inch, in 
length, and twenty inches in circumference. 
It took one hour in rough water to land 
the fish after being caught. Two Brock- 
ville men have also caught one weighing 
42 pounds. The landing they describe as 
the most difficult task they ever under- 
took. 



A couple of Hull fishermen went up to 
Fairburn Lake in the Gatineau District 
the other day and caught 106 bass in six 
hours. One specimen was three and a half 
pounds in weight. 

A couple of bear stories would seem to 
indicate that these animals are scarcely 
decreasing in numbers. The first, which 
comes from Fredericton, N.B., relates that 
.Squire Connolly, of Allendale, and his 
wife were visiting some bear traps, when a 
bear, which was caught in one of the 
traps, turned upon them with such fury 
that they were compelled to flee for their 
lives. The Squire dodged behind a tree, 
but Mrs. Connolly ran straight on, and the 
former took a hand again, despatching the 
bear with two bullets from his rifle. In 
the second case a bear was seen by a train 
brakeman at Donlands, near the borders of 
the Citv of Toronto. 

The "Victoria Colonist" says: W. J. Lea- 
ry of the Capital City Canning & Packing 
Company on his return from the traps 
brougjit with him on the tug Bute a large 
fish of an unknown species. It weighed a- 
bout 45 pounds and is over four feet in 
length, and 27 inches girth. It somewhat 
resembles the salmon in shape and color- 
ing, but the scales are coarser, and in the 
matter of the dorsal fins it is entirely dif- 
ferent, rather resembling in this respect 
the sea bass. The fish is now at the Pro- 
vincial Museum in the hands of Mr. Fran- 
cis Kermode, who is consulting with Mr. 
Babcock, the fisheries commissioner, on 
the question of its species. 

The International Waterwaj^s Commis- 
sion is now at work. There are many 
questions at issue with regard to the 
works to be carried on, and the legitimate 
use to be made, of the waterways which 
for so long a distance form the border line 
between the United States and Canada. 
.A.11 these have been submitted, to the In- 
ternational Commission, composed of rep- 
resentatives of the two countries, and 
while their work is of the highest import- 
ance, the results may likewise be far 
reaching. It is a method of settling in- 
ternational disputes which appears to be 
growing in favour and is certainly prefer- 
able to the Arbitrament of brute force. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



341 



Chief Game) Warden Tinsley, of On- 
tario, reports that since Febru(ary the 
cases of seizure and sale for illegal pos- 
session of animal skins amounted^ to $1720.- 
53 in money, and the slclns of 170 beaver, 
162 muskrats, 15. deer, 6 moose, 2 otter, 
one head; the meat they give to the guides, 
gun, one rifle, one rowboat. There were 
two cases not disposed of at the time of 
the report, comprising the seizure at Otta- 
wa of 60 otter skins, valued at $1,000, 
and at Toronto of 736 muskrat skins, val- 
ued at $140. Fines amounting to, $1,205 
have also been imposed. Would it not be 
well to offer the gun,, rifle, and boat as 
prizes for those who best observe the 
laws ? 



our very best red trout waters. Think of 
it ! A river almost as great as the St. 
Lawrence full of speckled trout— the real 
square tailed, red, speckled, salvelinus fon- 
tinalis. The Albany is destined to become 
the most popular fishing river in America 
—barring the Nipigon. 

The present open dates shut out the 
tourists from this country. These tourists 
do not shoot for meat but to bring out 
one head; the meat they give to the guides. 
The season begins too late.- Ontario miss- 
es the tourists and their great advertising 
value in making known the mineral and 
forest resources of the Province. The Nip- 
igon country is a particularly acute suf- 
ferer frbm the lateness of these dates. 



A sad accident happened to Major Vil- 
liers Sankey and party who were engaged 
on the work of the transcontinental sur- 
vey north of Kenora, Ont., (formerly Rat 
Portage, Ont.) While returning to their 
camp on Clear Lake, a heavy wind was en- 
countered on Manitou Lake, with the re- 
sult that their canoe took in water and 
upset. All four men clung to the upturned 
boat for two hours, but becoming exhaus- 
ted dropped .oS one by one until only one 
was left, and he was 'finally rescued. Ma- 
jor Sankey was for fifteen years city sur- 
veyor of Toronto, and left to join the 
transcontinental staff. He was senior ma- 
jor of the Queen's Own Rifles, and next 
on the list for command. 

Mr. Harry H. Ponton of Belleville, 
Ont., advises us that Although the net fish- 
ing has rather demoralized the bass fish- 
ing in the Bay of Quinte, still quit* a num- 
ber are being caught this season— more in 
fact than for a few years past. He also 
informs us that at Hastings, a village on 
the branch of the Grand Trunk Railway 
about 25 or 30 miles out of Belleville, 
some enormous catches are reported. A 
gentleman from Belleville iti a few hours 
succeeded in catching ten which netted a 
weight of over thirty pounds and in the 
same day caught two maskinonge still fish- 
ing with rod and reel. Mr. Ponton's fath- 
er. Colonel W. N. Ponton, succeeded in 
catching six black bass in front of his 
own house in the Bav inside of an hour. 

The Albany River is going to be one of 



Labrador is attracting a good deal of 
attention just now. Governor McGregor, of 
Newfoundland, in the colonial cruiser Fio- 
na, accompanied by the British warship 
Scylla, and the survey ship EUinora, is 
making a six- weeks' cruise along the 
coast. Dr. Grenfell, of Deep Sea Mission 
fame, in his hospital ship Strathcona, is 
piloting the squadron. Both British and 
colonial scientists are on board with a 
view of conducting important scientific in- 
vestigations, fixing the longitude of the 
principal headlands, charting the seaboard, 
making tidal and hydrographic surveys, 
collecting mineral and forest specimens, 
and reporting on commercial possibilities. 
All this should mean that La'brador is be- 
ing "discovered," and will loom larger up- 
on our horizon in future. 

The whistling marmot, illustrated in 
last month's "Rod and Gun" has his in- 
conveniences at times, though the latest 
story concerning him is not without its 
humorous side, k gentleman, who recently 
took a fancy to bathe in the pool at Sun- 
dance Canyon, was commencing to disrobe 
when he was startled by a whistle that 
made him pause in his operations, as he 
thought possibly some one was giving him 
a friendly hint of the presence of a picnic 
party. After waiting for a time and .see- 
ing no one he resumed his disrobing, when 
the whistle sounded for a second time. He 
then gave up the idea of bathing, and 
started to look for the source of the whis- 
tle. A diligent search led to the discovery 
that the whistler was a marmot perched 



342 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



on a rock on the side of the canyon, and 
evidently much interested in his actions. 

The Canadian Government might well, 
while there is yet time, take warning from 
the States, and not allow our matchless 
timber reserves to continue to be given up 
to the work of destruction. California, 
Wisconsin, Indiana, and Washington, are 
all advertising at once for trained State 
foresters, and several, of the other States 
have under consideration the advisability 
of making similar appointments. It is be- 
lieved that in a few years' time such an 
official will be considered a regular part of 
every efficient State Government. Across 
the border they have to undo much of 
what they have allowed to be done; but 
here there is yet time to stop some of the 
destruction, and preserve for all time a 
great national asset. The demand for 
trained foresters by private timber own- 
ers is stated to be growing at an even 
more rapid rate. 

Dr. E. H. L. McGinnis, of New York, 
has returned home after spending a fort- 
Eight's holiday on the shores of Lake Wa- 
quekobing, which is on the famous Missis- 
saga River canoe route. Dr. McGinnis 
made his visit at a time when the flies 
were particularly bad, but ^ he was so en- 
chanted with his experiences that he pur- 
chased a block of land on the south shore 
of the lake and intends to erect a Camp of 
his own, and spend a considerable portion 
of his vacations there. He caught all the 
fish he wanted, and might have had more. 
He made many little exploring trips, and 
felt with every additional experience that 
he has made no mistake, either from a 
sporting or any other point of view, in lo- 
cating there. Waquekobing Lake is a fine 
sheet of water, and that lake and the 
neighboring streams and smaller lakes will 
give him and any other visitors all the 
fishing he can possibly require; while the 
surrounding country gives scope for many 
delightful trips. There is big game near 
by, and all the requisites for spending a 
pleasant holiday in the woods. 

In these democratic countries, where 
University students often work their own 
way through College, and take their Uni- 
versity degrees by means of their own ef- 



forts, a pleasant and proiitable way of 
■ spending summer vacations is a most de- 
sirable and sought for object. Better than 
many of the means now chosen is that of 
acting as guides. For this class of assist- 
ants there is an active and ever increasing 
demand, and College students should not 
lack the essential qualifications for these 
positions. A good canoeist, with a strong 
»rm, a clear head, and a quick hand, to- 
gether with that never varying courtesy 
which distinguishes the true scholar, 
should enable any man to become an adept 
at the all round work which make the 
ideal guide. For such work College men 
are peculiarly fitted, and once they acted 
in that capacity they would find the open 
air life, the active exercise, the plain food, 
the excellent company, and-, the pecuniary 
return, ample compensation for any time 
and trouble given to the work of qualifi- 
cation. 

Mr. G. T. Bell, general passenger and 
ticket agent of the Grand Trunk Railway 
system, is in receipt of a letter from a 
gentleman residing in New York City who 
has just returned from a trip through 
Temagami region, an abstract from which 
reads as follows: — 

"The country around Upper Lady Eve- 
lyn Lake and High Rock Falls must be the 
original home of the moose, for i their run- 
ways are deep and wide, one ftieets one of 
these magnificent animals at every turn of 
the river. We saw eight in two days; deer are 
very numerous. The fishing is without a 
peer and can be caught with fly or ,spoon. 
Small mouth black bass up to five pounds 
weight were taken on a Parmachene Pelle 
and we caught brook trout of two and 
two and a half pounds, not a few but 
many. 

"Temaglanii Inn" is splendid, good cui- 
sine, hardwood floors, rugs, brass beds, 
bath-rooms, a New York chef, fine guides 
and boats, and everything to make a fish- 
erman wish some good judge would sen- 
tence him to spend the rest of his life 
within the confines of the Temagami For- 
est reserve." 

One of those instances in which the in- 
habitants of the sea are found welK out of 
their usual tracks occurred off the coast 
of British Columbia. Two young boys were 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



343 



playing in the water at the mouth of False 
Creek, when Edward Dusenberry saw a 
dorsal fin approach the youngsters. He 
shouted for them to run, and ca;tching hold 
of a pike pole made for the beach. The 
boys ran for their lives, and the shark 
followed them with such fury that it be- 
came fast on the mud. With the hook of 
the pole the man made fast to the shark 
which, enraged by the pain opened its 
mouth. Mr. Dusenbery then thrust the 
pole eight feet down the shark's throat 
and held on. When help came an attempt 
was made to drag the shark ashore, but 
twenty men > had to. be procured before this 
could be accomplished. After full exami- 
nation it was declared to be the genuine 
man eating Hawaain variety, and in its 
native waters it would be known as a mud 
shark, a species of the white shark, but 
larger and more vicious. In order to ar- 
rive at the place where it was captured it 
must have followed the salmon or some 
vessel for 3,400 miles. The shark was 11 
ft. 4 in. long with a tail fin of 2 ft. 4.| in., 
an approximate weight of 1,100 lbs., and 
was probably ten years old. 

Another exploit with eagles is report- 
ed from British Columbia by the crew of 
the same steamer as scored the last suc- 
cess duly noted at the time in "Rod and 
Gun". The scene of the exploit was also 
the) same, viz., Arrowi Lake, but the 
"bag" was larger, and the incidents of the 
battle more exciting. The steamer Minto 
was Hearing Fire Valley when two g|igan- 
tic eagles ,were seen circling round a tall 
Cottonwood tree. Every fire arm on (board 
was brought into use, and most of the 
crew tried their luck. The pilot, Walter 
Wright, fired the first successful shot, 
which brought down the female bird. The 
male then disappeared, but the nest was 
discovered 70 feet above the ground, and 
first the mate, and then the engineer, at- 
tempted to reach it. The latter was suc- 
cessful, and throwing out the young bird 
those on 4ihe ground secured it uninjured. 
In his descent the mate had to be assist- 
ed and was for some time in considerable 
danger. As the crew were returning the 
male bird re-appeared, and after a perfect 
fusilade fell to a shot from the Captain's 
rifle. The male 'bird was shot through the 
neck, and the body and wings being unin- 



jured it is to be stuffed and placed in the 
steamer's cabin. The female was too in- 
jured for this to be done in her case. The 
young captive is going to the leading men- 
agerie of the Kootenays. 

Dr. Theodore Gill, co-operative worker 
with the Bureau of Fisheries in the States, 
has written a most interesting paper point- 
ing out how, owing to the ignorance of 
the first comers, the fishes of North Am- 
erica have been oddly misnamed. The 
known fishes of England are few, and the 
early colonisers only knew a small number 
of them. According to Dr. Gill the white 
perch of the Atlantic coast is really a 
bass, and the silver perch, the grey perch, 
the white perch of the Ohio river, the red 
perch, and the blue perch, are all misnom- 
ers. In England bass is a marine fish, and 
the striped bass received a proper name. 
Several others are entitled to the name, 
but oddly enough have been given the 
names of other fish, as for instance 
the white perch. "All others are quite re- 
mote from the true bass — even the so-call- 
ed black bass." Trout is variously mis- 
applied. In the old country it is given, to 
a single species generally distributed 
through the island in clear cold streams. 
A similar fish was found in Massachu- 
setts, and called a trout though in reality 
a char. Land-locked salmon was given the 
name of trout, and in the southern States 
black bass is so called. The confusion is 
worst on the western coast than anywhere 
else, for the same fish are known by differ- 
ent names at different points. 

The question of whether moose will at- 
tack human beings would seem to be set- 
tled in the affirmative, if the story told 
by Father Gaynor, of his experience in 
New Brunswick is to be taken as conclu- 
sive. In the 'company of a sea captain and 
an Indian . guide he visited Ludgate Lake, 
within ten miles of St. John. Here the 
Indian gave a "call" and was answered by 
a bull. Instead of luring 'the animal to 
them the guide next gave oS the hoarse 
defiance of a bull, and made such a noise 
that no self-respecting bull moose could de- 
cline the gage of battle. The animal char- 
ged full into the clump of trees in which 
his enemies were concealed. All three men 
took to the trees, and the guide. 



344 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



as poetic justice required came in 
for the worst scare. The other two , were 
well up in one tree, 'but the Indian was 
within reach when the moose charged at 
him. The next three sentences must be 
quoted: — "Then I saw an interesting .sight. 
The Indian went up the tree as if some 
friendly hand had given him a hoist, and 
the imoose passed out into the open. He 
afterwards assured me that he found for a 
swift second a foothold on the antlers, 
and thus gave himself the necessary lift 
upwards. My own impression was that 
the moose did the lifting, and John had 
the luck to travel in the right direction." 
The bull continued the attack, reaching up 
in , an endeavor to pull the Indian down. 
This was .kept on until the Captain fired, 
when he toppled over as if he had been 
shot,, but recovering liiraself mada oR down 
the hill. 

The Canadian Camp Club sent an ex- 
ploring party into Otter township, part of 
the region tiiey have chosen for their ter- 
ritory, for the purpose of verifying . the 
truths of the renorts of good trout fishiig 
in that districi. After trying the lakes and 
the streams they believe that the reports 
of the surveyors who stated that almost 
every lake and stream in tha township 
contained trout is true. Both the meml)ers 
of the party and • their guides said they 
had never had; such trout fishing in their 
lives as in one of the small lakes. The 
camp placed between Otter Township and 
Clear: Lake will give the best bass, mask- 
inonge, and dore fishing, and also on the 
east SnoTOshoe Creek, the outlet of Clear 
Lake, affords good trout fishing. On the 
west side of the Mississaga Otter town- 
ship will give trout-fishing extraordinary. 

A pretty little, folder has been issued 'by 
the Timagami Navigation Company, Limi- 
ted, giving particulars of the two steam- 
ers "Bobs" and "Timagami" which have 
been placed by them on this peerless lake. 
It further, contains particulars of the com- 
plete tourists' outfits kept by the Hudson's 
Bay Co. at their Post on Bear Island. 
While the tourist can now visit this won- 
derful lake with many of the comforts of 
modern civilization, he may also camp out 
in the wild and enjoy all the solitude and 
woods life he pleases in the certainty that 



no hardship need be his, and he can, when'- 
ever,the feeling so takes him, hie him back 
to the sound, of the steamer sind to civili- 
zation as he will. Without doubt the Nav- 
igation Co. . will enable many people to 
make acquaintance with Timagami who 
could not otherwise have been able to do 
so. Copies of this, folder and further infor- 
matiancan be obtained from the general 
manager, Mr. A. H. Jeffrey, of Toronto. 

The changes in the Quebec Ministry 
promi.se well for the future of. the Pro- 
vince, and, it is only fair to give the new 
Ministers credit for the desire to carry out 
the excellent intentions with which, to 
judge from their public professions,-, they 
enter upon their work. The new Minister 
of Colonization, Roads, and Fisheries is 
the. Hon. Jean Prevost, ami at a recent 
demonstration in his honor jn the county 
of Terrebonne, which he represents in the 
Provincial Parliament, he made several 
promises which, if he only succeeds in 
translating them into action, will make 
his period of office memorable and benefi- 
cial. 

In the first place he promised greater 
attention to Colonization and expressed 
his determination to see that Colonization 
roads were not' made to follow arbitrary 
lineS( but those most suitable and conven- 
ient to the; settlers. In mineral matters 
he would do his best to re-awaken the in- 
terests of capitalists, and to .see that 
when mines were exploited, the proprie- 
tors did not, lose their interests in them. 
To sportsmen he promised immediate 
ami thorough attention to their require- 
ments. Under his administration no lake 
will be rented in an inhabited district. He 
asked his fellowl citizens to respect the 
laws, and not fish with "murderous tac- 
kle." It was, his intention to change com- 
pletely the system of fish and game war- 
dens in the Province, and see that men did 
not draw salaries for doing nothing. All 
this is good but it means much work, and 
if the hon. gentleman has the success we 
hope for him he will deserve well of the 
Province. It is time Quebec woke up, and 
we are pleased to recognize the prospect 
of a. change, and trust that it may speed- 
ily prove effective. 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



345 




The Chamberlain Cartridge c^- Target 
Co., Cleveland. O., the well-known manu- 
facturers of Blue Rock targets and traps, 
which have so excellent a reputation, have 
just put on the market one of the simplest 
and most perfect Take-down Reels we have 
ever seen. The reel is l>eautifully made, 
solid and strong and can be completely- 
taken apart and put together again which 
is very convenient for cleaning and oiling 
or getting out a back lash in less time 
than it takes to '.ell it. 

We call the attention oi our readers to 
the advertisement of the Locke Adder, 
which will be found in this issue. This is 
a little machine which one can carry in 
his breast pocket, for addition, subtract- 
ion, multiplication and division. It has 
been upon the market for only a short 
time, but is alrefa'dy in use all over the 
world. The manufacturers claim that its 
use will effect an immense saving in time, 
labor and mental strain, besides insuring 
accuracy in the work, and have hundreds 
of testimonials on file, from people in all 
classes of business. The price prepaid In 
the U.S. is only $5.(10 or $10.00, according 
to the style desired. 

Angling in streams and lakes is a .plea- 
sure devotees have looked anxiously for- 
ward to for many months. Of course, to 
enjoy the sport of catching large and 
gamey fish, handlers of the little bamboo 
must necessarily use care and judgment in 
selecting a reel, as the enjoyment that 



lishing affords depends in a great measure 
upon that little songster that helps to bal- 
ance a well built rod. 

There are a number of reels on the 
market, which although inviting in ap- 
pearance, are perfectly worthless for the 
purpose of the angler. Any kind of a reel 
is good enough when fingerling are sought, 
but if the capture of game fish is con- 
templated, cheap tackle must positively be 
eschew^ed. 

In reference to reels, we can recommend 
those made by B. F. Meek & Sons, Louis- 
ville. Ky., who are sole manufacturers of 
ileek and Blue Grass Kentucky reels. 
These reels can stand the tear and wear of 
many years of hard service. 

HOTEL VICTORIA, QUEBEC. 

The Hotel Victoria of Quebec City, 
Canada, has re-opened under the manage- 
ment of Mr. A. Resther and already the 
lavored hostelry is crowded with guests 
from every part of Canada and the United 
.States. The entire hotel has been re-furn- 
ished and re-decorated. The services of an 
experienced and efficient staff of assistants 
has been engaged. The cuisine department 
is all that could be desired. The dining 
room service is up to date in everj- re- 
spect. 

.Sportsmen and tourists from the United 
States and Canada who visit the old his- 
torical and interesting city of Quebec will 
make no mistake in stopping at the Hotel 
Victoria, an advertisement for which ap- 
pears in another part of this issue. 




346 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




146 Peel Street, 



Eel the S|jort*man 

There is no camera like the 

r O L D I N G 
POCKET 

Kodak 



COMPACT enough to put in the 
pocket, j-et with a lens that will pro- 
duce the finest photographs. 

We have them from S6.00 to $77.00. 
Write us for catalogue telling all about 
them . 

Geo. Barrat ^ Son 
Montreal. 




New No. 1 and lA Folding 

Pocket Kodaks 

They worK with a snappy precision that is 
a mechanical delight. 

Automatic iris diaphragm shutters. Menis- 
cus Achron\alic lenses. 

CANADIAN KODAK CO.. Limited. 

c.,<.,.cu..a,,H, TORONTO, CAN. 

dtaltrs or by mail. 




The Kodak Developing Machine in Detail. 

THE KODAK DEVELOPING 
MACHINE IS UNDOUBTEDLY A 
BONANZA TO THE KODAKER 



HAVE yon ONE 7 
WILL SEND YOU 



IF NOT. WE 



A Style A Kodak Developing Machine, for use 
with No. O. No. I ana No. i A Folding Pocket Kodak, 
No. I Panoram Kodak and No. 2 Brownie cartridges: 
including a handsomely finished wooden carrying 
case, with leather handle, Sold at $6. 

FOR ELEVEN YEARLY SUBSCRIBERS TO 
•ROD AND GUN IN CANADA.' 

oraStyli'E Machine for use with Kodak and Brownie- 
cartridges of all siies, up to and including 4 x 5,, 
sold at $7. SO. 

FOR FOURTEEN YEARLY SUBSCRIBERS 
TO ROD AND GUN IN CANADA." 



'When wriUng advertiser, kindly mention ROD AND GCN IN CANADA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



347 



Hammer 

the 
Hammer 



No Fear of 
Accidental 
Discharge 




agE^- 



If you racket 
your brains until \ 
doomsday, you could 
not devise a way to make the 
liammer of an Iver Johnson Re- 
volver come in contact with the 
firing pin unless you pulled the 
trigger all the way back, because when 
there is no pressure on the trigger of an 

Iyer Johnson 

Safety Automatic Revolver 




W there's no connection between the revolver hammer and the firing pin. On 
the other hand, when pressure is applied to the trigger, and it is pulled all 
the way back, a discharge surely follows. 

This is Not True of Any Other Revolver Ever Made 

Pressure on the trigger raises the safety lever, which receives the hammer's 
blow and transmits it to the firing pin. Simple, yet safe. 

Our Free Booklet. "Shots," goes into the most 
intimate details, and proves conclusively why it is also 
accurate and reliable. We'd be glad to send it on re- 
quest, together with our handsome illustrated catalogue. 

Hammer, $3 4 Hammerless, $6 ' 

For sale by all Hardware and .Sporting Ooods dealers. Look 
for our name on the barrel and the awl's Itead on the grip. 

IVER 'JOHNSON'S ARMS AND CYCtE WORKS 
157 River Street Fltchburif. Mass. 

New York Office ; 99 Chambers Street 
Makers of Iver Johnson Bicycles and 5ingle Barrel Shotguns 





"When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA. 



348 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 





SOI.K MANll ArTl'RKRS OF TIIK. 

Hollow Collapsible Pneumatic 

DLCOY DUCKS and GEESE. 

Our ilecoy« fully COLLAPSE idont confuse wiih those 
Ihalonlv PAKTIALI.V collapse) wgt, only 4 oz. each, 
niadewithout use of WOOD or WIRK. The most LIFE- 
LIKE and CONN'ENIEX T decoy made, one m«y be 
folded and put in vest pocket. Write for circular. 
Canvas Df.cov Co., Union City, Tenn , U.S.A. 



'When wrilint; ndvprtisf-rs l:indly mention ROD ANT) GTX IX CAX.^DA." 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



349 



We Outfit all Canadian Government Exploration Parties. 

WOODS, LTD. 



\ IH 



E LARGE 
TRACTOKS A I. L 
KNOW US. 






©TTHWK 



CAN 



Wholesale Manufacturers of 



i ^ 

^ WRITE FOR CAT- \ 
^ A L O G U K AND f 
x PARTICULARS. A 

-^> -<».<*. T^ -^^ -^> -^v 



TENTS, AWNINGS. TARPAULINS, SLEEPING BAGS, FLAGS, 

SLEEPING ROBES, CLOTHING, 

SWEATERS, SOX, UNDERWEAR, SHIRTS, OVERALLS, 

CAPS, SNOWSHOES, MOCCASINS, 
AXES, PIPES, KNIVES AND SMALL WARES. 

SEE OUR NEW 



. 1 



W NON ^^ 

r ABSORBENT ■'. 

"duck TA. 




Oilk Oail Cloth 

for Tents and &ail». 




Much lig/iler in zceight, more 
durable and easily handled. Parties 
having to carry their tents any dis- 
tance will appreciate this feature. 



WOODS, L T D . , are the 
largest manufacturers of tents in 
Canada. We will guarantee our 
work, material and price, and can 
promise prompt deliver}- in an\- of 
our lines, with everj' satisfaction to 
our customer. 



Outfitting Survey Parties and Exploring Parties 

Or any parties exposed to weather, a specialty. Special clothing and new 
ideas for different climates. Consult us and get the benefit of our experience. 

We can outfit one man or a thousand with everything necessary for his or their 
comfort and welfare at a reasonable cost. TRY US, 

WOOD^ BUILDING. 



When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AXD GUX IX CANADA. 



350 ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 

OtK VICTORY Of 1903 REPEATED IN 1905. 

TRIUMPHANT REe©RO 

Lefever rr Gun 

At Indianapolis, Indiana. 

On June 29-30 Mr R. R. Barber of Paullina, Iowa, an AMA- 
TUER SHOOTER using his 

LErEVER ARMS CO. OLN 

Won Preliminary I1andica|) 

by a score of 98 out of 100. 

Won Grand American I1andicd|) 

by a score of 99 out of 100. 

The Higbe&t Record Ever Hade at the World's 
Largest Tournament. 

As at Kansas City in 1903, so at Indianapolis in 1905 does the 
Lefever Arms Co. Gun Win Grand American Handicap, thus again 
adding to its triumphs as a prize winner 

The National Trojihy of America 

Every week brings news of signal victories won by our guns in 
hands of both Amateur and Professional Shooters at tournaments 
throughout United States and Canada. 



-a' 



Send for our W05 Catalofjue showing photographs of 
our guns, and giving valuable information. 



LEFEYER RRMS eO. 

SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

••Wlieii writing advoitisers Ivindly mention ROD AND GUN IN CANADA.' 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 



351 



Marine Gasoline 
Engines and 
Launches 



WE Manulaciun- 2 Cycle Mar- 
ine engines from 2 to t> Horse Power. 
They are simple, reliable and durable' 

WE Manutacture a 4 Cycle Aut 
oxnoblle Marine Engine from 4 
Horse Power to 50 Horse Power. 
The engine is of the opposed cylinder 
type and reduces vibration to a min- 
imum. When installed it can be 
co%'ered over entirely and the covering 
furnishes a cross-seat in the launch. 
The engine is self lubricating. The 
regulations of the speed boih by the 
time of the spark and by the carbure- 
tors as well as the reversing of the 
engine can be operated from the bow 
of the boat. The whole operation of 
the engine is same as that of an auto- 
mobile. 

WE build launches, all sizes, 
constructed after the latest torpedo 
stern. Models fitted with th(* highest 
grade equipment. Write us for spec- 
ification* and illustrated catalogue to 




Cut c/ our 2 Cycle Engine : to f' H. P. 



TORONTO GHS & GHSOLINE 

Engine 

eo. 

Limited 

TORONTO 
JUNCTION 

Launch works, 
Lake & York Sts., 
TORONTO. 



We also manufacture station- 
Model of our Launches ary ev^ms forms. 

'When writing advertisers kindly mention ROD AND GUX IN CANADA." 




352 



ROD AND GUN IN CANADA 




w. w. 

Greener's 



Ksiablished 1829. 



GUNSsRIFLES 

Have been acknowledged 
the best for shooting pow- 
ers and reliability in every 
country for over 25 Years. 

SPECIAL GUNS FOR 

CANADIAN SPORT 

W. W. Greener's Guns and 
Rifles are entirely British 
Made in his own factory. 

SIPPLIED THROUGH AI.L 
DEALERS OR DIRECT FROM 

W. W. GREENER, 



St. Mary's Sauare. 

Pnu- /.! 



BIRMINGHAM 



■•ts F, 




ALTTO